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Calculus Maximus

WS 4.7: Implicit Differentiation

Name

_________________________________________

Date

________________________

Period

______

Worksheet 4.7—Implicit Differentiation

Show all work on a separate sheet of paper. No calculator unless otherwise stated.

• 1. Find dy

dx

a)

x

3

3 x y 4 xy 12

2

2

b) xy x 3 y

d)

2

## 

2

y 2sec y 4 x

1

### 

• 2 e)

• x

y sec

• 5

y

c) 4sin 2 y cos x 2

Find dy

• 2. dx at the indicated point, then find the equation of both the tangent and normal lines.

a)

2

y

2

x

4

2

x

4

at 2,0

b)

x y x y at 1,1

### 

3

3

3

• 3. Find

d

2

y

dx

2

in terms of x.

a)

x

2

2

y 36

b) 1 xy x y

c) 3
2
x 3
2

y 1

• 4. Determine the point(s) at which the graph of

y y x has either a horizontal or vertical tangent.

4

2

2

Be sure to label which is which, if either exist.

• 5. Find the two points where the curve

• x 2

2

xy y 7 crosses the x-axis, and show that the tangents to

the curve at these points are parallel. What is the common slope of these tangents?

• 6. Find the normals to the curve

xy 2 x y 0 that are parallel to the line 2 x y 0

• 7. If

y cos xy 4 x 5 , find dx

2

dy

, yes, that’s

dx .

dy

• 8. The slope of the tangent is 1 at the point 0,1on

• x 3

3

6 xy ky a , where k and a are constants.

The values of the constants a and k are what?

Multiple Choice

_____

9. Find y when

2

xy 5 x 2 x 4 .

• (A) y  

5

2 x

y

x

(B)

y   

y

5

 

4 x

x

(E)

y   

y

5

 

2 x

x

(C)

y

  

### 

y

5

 

4 x

(F)

y  

y

5

 

4 x

x

(D)

y  

y

5

 

2 x

x

Calculus Maximus

WS 4.7: Implicit Differentiation

10. Find dy

dx

3

2

when x
y

4

dy

 

3

y

3/ 2

dy

3

1/ 2

dy

 

2

x

3/ 2

dy

2

x

3/ 2

(A)

dx

2

x

(B)

dx

dy

2

3

xy

y

3/ 2

(C)

dx

dy

2

3

y

### 

1/ 2

(D)

dx

3

y

11.

Find dy

(E)

dx

when tan 2 x y 2 x

2

x

(F)

dx

3

xy

dx

(A)

dy

8

x

2

(B)

dy

 

8

x

2

(C)

dy

 

4

y

2

(D)

dy

4

y

2

dx

1

4 x

2

dx

1

4

x

2

dx

2 x

2

dx

2 x

2

(E)

dy

 

8

x

2

(F)

dy

8

y

2

dx

1

4 y

2

dx

2 x

2

12. Find the equation of the tangent line to the graph of

2

y xy 12 0 at the point 1, 4 .

(A)

3 y 2 x 10

(B) 3 y 2 x 10

(C)

y 4 x

(D) 7 y 4 x 24

(E)

7 y 4 x 24

13. The slope of the tangent line to the graph of

x

3

3

2 y xy 0 at the point 1,1

is

4

3

5

(D) 5 4

4

2

(A)

(B)

(C)

(E)

(F)

5

2

4

5

3

14. The points P and Q on the graph of

y

2

xy 8

0

have the same x-coordinate, x 6 . The

point of intersection of the tangents to the graph at P and Q is

(A)

8

3

,

16

3

(B)

d

2

y

16

3

,

2

8

3

2

(C)

16

3

,

16

3

(D)

8

3

,

8

3

(E)

• 8 2

,
3

3

15. Determine

dx

2

when

4 x

3 y

4

(A)

d

2

y

16

(B)

d

2

y

16

(C)

d

2

y

4

(D)

d

2

y

• 16 (E)

d

• 2 16

y

 

 

 

dx

2

9

y

2

dx

2

9

2

y

dx

2

9

3

y

dx

2

• 9 y

3

dx

2

• 9 y

3

16. When an object is placed at a distance p from a convex lens having focal length 5 cm, the image

will be at a distance q cm from the lens, while 1

5

dp

5

dp

25

1

1

  . Find the rate of change of p with respect to q.

p

q

dp

25

dp

25

 

(A)

dq

q 5

• (B) q 5

dq

dp

 

5

dq

dp

 

q 5

25

(D)

dq

q 5

dq

q 5

dq

q 5

###  2

Calculus Maximus

WS 4.7: Implicit Differentiation

_____

17. The graph of the equation

2

x

2

## 

2

y 8 x 4 x y is shown at right. Find the equation of

2

2

## 

the tangent line to the graph at the point

3,3 3

## 

.

 1  5 (A)  12 y   3  3 x    1  5 (B)  12 y   3  3 x    1  3 (C)  y   3  5 x 36 5    1  3 (D)  y   3  5 x 36 5    1  3 (E)  y   3  5 x 6 5    