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FUNCTIONS

(a) Given that f : x → 5 − 8x, find, (b) Given the function f : x → 5x + 3. Find
(i) the image of −3, (i) the value of p if f (3) = 4p + 2,
(ii) the object of 5, under the function f. (ii) an expression for f( 2x)

(i) 29 (ii) 0 (i) p = 4 (ii) 10x + 3

(c) A function h is defined by h : x → 6 − 9x. Find (d) If the function f is defined as f : x → , Find the
(i) the object of 3, values of f(0), f(−1) and f(5).
(ii) the object that map onto itself. Find also an expression for f( 4x + 5)

, −, 4; 3x + 4

(i) 1/3 (ii) 3/5

1. Given that function f : x → 3x − 7, find


(a) f(−2), (b) the image of object 3, (c) the object of image 8,
(a) −13 (b) 2 (c) 5

2. Given that the function g : x → 2x2 + 3x. Find


(a) the value of g(3), (b) an expression for g(−p), (c) the values of x with the image of 5.

(a) 27 (b) 2p2 − 3p (c) x = 1 or −2

3. Given that the function f(x) = 3 + 2x − x2 , find the values of x such that the image of the function f is zero.
x = −1 or 3

4. A function h is given as h : x → (x − 2)(3 + x). Determine


(a) h(0) (b) h(2) (c) h(−1) (d) h(x − 2)
(a) −6 (b) 0 (c) −6 (d) x2 − 3x − 4

5. Given function f : x → 3x − 2, find


(a) the image of 4, (b) the object of 4, (c) the value of k if f(10) = 3k + 1.
(a) 10, (b) 2 (c) k = 9

6. A function g is defined as g : x → 10 − 3x, find


(a) the image of 3 (b) the value of u if g(u − 2) = 4 (a) 1 (b) u = 4

FUNCTION 2011 1
FUNCTIONS
(a) A function f is defined by f(x) = 2x2 + kx − 4, where (b) Given that g : x → ax − x2, g(1) = 3 and g(−1) = b.
k is a constant. Find the value of k if f(3) = 2. Find the values of a and b.
Hence, find the value of k if g(k + 1) = g(k) − 1.

k = −4 a = 4, b = −5. k = 2

7. Given that f : x → 5x2 + p and f(−2) = 15. Find


(i) the value of p, (ii) the objects of 120.
(i) p = −5 (ii) x = 5 or −5

8. Given that the function g : x → px2 + q, g(2) = −4 and g(−1) = 2, Find the value of p and q.
Hence, find the values of k if g(k) = k + 3.
p = −2; q = 4; k = or −1.

9. A function g is defined by g x → 4x2 − 1. Find the values of a if


(a) g(a) = 8 (b) g(8) = a
(a) a = 3/2 or − 3/2 (b) 255

10. A function g is given as g : x → 5 − 4x, find the value of x in each of the following.
(a) g(x − 3) = 5 (b) g(5) = x − 3 (a) x = 3 (b) x = −14

11. Given the function f : x → ax + , x ≠ 0, If f(2) = 16 and f(4) = 23, find the value of the constants a and k .
Thus find f(3). a = 5, k = 12; f(3) = 19

12. The function f is given as f(x) = , x ≠ p, find


(a) the value of p, (b) the image for 2, (c) the object of 1.

(a) 2/3 (b) 1 (c) 2

13. (a) State the types of relation represented by the ordered pairs below.
(i) {(2, 6), (3, 9), (4, 12), (5, 15)} (ii) {(4, 2), (4, −2), (9, 3), (9. −3)}

(b) Given that h : x → , x ≠ 0, find the value of t for which h(t) = t.


(a) (i) one-to-one (b) many-to-one
(b) t = −4 or 1

FUNCTION 2011 2
FUNCTIONS

Example 4
(a) A function f is defined by f : x → , x ≠ k. (b) Given that the function f : x → , x ≠ − , f(1) = −4;
(i) State the value of k. and f(5) = 12, find
(ii) Find the values of t at which f(t) = −t. (i) the value of m and n
(ii) the possible values of x if f(x) = x.

(i) k = 1 (ii) t = −3 or 4 (i) m = 1 ; n = − 4 (ii) x = −2 or 6


(c) The function f is defined as f : x → , x ≠ 2. (d) The functions f and g are defined as
If f(1) = 5 and f( ) = 1, find f : x → , x ≠ k, and g : x → 4x − 1.
(a) the values of h and k. (i) State the value of k.
(b) the value of m which is mapped onto itself. (ii) Find the value of x if f (2x) = g(x).
(c) the value of x if f(x) = 4x.

(i) h = 4, k = −9. (ii) m = 3 (iii) x = 3/2


(i) k = 1 (ii) x = 1/4
FUNCTION 2011 3
FUNCTIONS
23. If h : x → ; x ≠ −, h(1) = 8 and h(−2) = −1, find
(a) the value of a and b, (b) the values of x if h(2x) = 2x
(c) the possible values of n such that h( n − 1) = 4n
(a) a = 3, b = −2 (b) x = 1 or − (c) n = 2 or −

24. Given that the function f : x → ax + , x ≠ 0, f(4) = 11 and f(2) = 10. Find
(a) the value of a and b, (b) the values of m if f(m) − 5m = 0.

(a) a = 2, b = 12 (b)m = 2 or −2

25. Given function g : x → , x ≠ − . If g(2) = − 2 and g(10) = 6, find


(a) the values of p and q, (b) the values of x so that g(x) = −x.
(a) p = 1, q = −8 (b) x = 2, 6

26. The function g is defined as g : x → , g(−1) = b and g(b) = −. Find the value of a and b.
State the value of x where the function g is not defined.
If the function h is defined as h : x → 3 − x , find the possible values of k if
(i) h( k2 − 1) = −5 (ii) g(k) − h(2k) = 0. a = 3, b = −3; x = −1/2
(i) k = 3 or −3 (ii) k = 0 or k = 1

27. The function f is given as f(x) = , x ≠ k, and 3 f(m) = , m ≠ 0. Find the value of k and m.
k = 3 ,m = −

Example 5
(a) f:x

1 −3

n 7

The arrow diagram shows part of the function f.


Find the values of m and n.
Another function g is defined as
g : x → 6 − 2x.
Find the values of x such that
4f(x −1) = g(−2x)

m = 2, n = −1; x = 3 or −
24. The arrow diagram above shows a function f where f : x → ax2 + b x ax2 + b
(a) Find the value of a and b.
(b) If f(x) = x − 6, find the possible values of x . 2 2

−1 −4
(a) a = −2,b = 4 (b) 2, −5/2

25. The arrow diagram above shows part of the mapping x f(x)
f:x→ , x≠
Find
(a) the value of m and n, 9 12
(b) the element that mapped onto 4, 8
(c) the element that remain unchange under this mapping. n

m = −1, n = 9 (b) x = 3 (c) x = 6

26. The arrow diagram above shows part of the mapping x f(x)
f : x → ax2 + bx + c 4
FUNCTION 2011 4 0
0
−2 −6
FUNCTIONS
(a) Find the value of a, b and c.
(b) Find the value of x which mapped onto −6.
(c) Find the possible values of k if f(k − 1) = k − 1.

(a) a = −, b = 2, c = 0 (b) x = 6 (c) k = 1 or 3

27. The function f is defined as f : x → , If f(3) = 2f(6), find the value of c.


Determine the value of x where f(x) is not defined.
c = −2; x =2

28. The function f is defined as f : x → x2 + 5x − 5. Find the value of x which is mapped onto itself.
Find the values of k so that f( k + 2) − 1 = 0
x = −5 or 1; k = −1 or −8

29. Given f: x → 2x + 1 and g : x → 5 − x, find the value of


(a) f(2) + 3g(−2), (b) k if f(2k) + 2g(k) = 3.
(a) 26 (b) 4

31. The arrow diagram shows the function f(x) = 10 − kx, where k is a x f(x)
constant. Find
(a) the value of k, (b) the value of t if f(2) = 1 − 2t
−1 13
(a) k = 3 (b) t = −
2
4

23. Given g(x) = , x ≠ 2.


(a) Find the value of g(2 + k) + g(2 − k)
(b) Find the values of p when g(p) = p − 1
(a) 2 (b) p = 0 or 4

FUNCTION 2011 5
FUNCTIONS
26. Given that the function f(x) = 3 + 2x − x2.
(a) Find the value of x such that the image of the function f is zero.
(b) Find the range of values of x if
f(x) > x + 1.
x = −1,or 3

27. x f(x)

(b)

28.

FUNCTION 2011 6