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1984

PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS

The proof marks shown below will assist in determining nationality of manufacturers when no other markings are evident. Since the U.S. has no proofing houses (as in England, France, Germany and other European countries), most U.S. manufacturers voluntarily proof their firearms with a specifed style of proofmark (i.e. the interlocked ©WPª synonymous with the Winchester trademark can be fired using modern smokeless powder) shells. Pre-1850 Euro- pean firearms oftentimes do not exhibit any commercial proof marks and, with the exception of an occasional barrel address, they represent the single hardest bracket of firearms one can research properly. Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proofmarks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition. Please refer to the References section in this text for proofmark source information.

AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

since 1891AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since

since 1891AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since

1829-1958MARKS PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1891 since 1891 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981

1829-1958PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1891 since 1891 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981 1891-1931

PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1891 since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981 1891-1931 since

since 1891

1891-1928CIRCA since 1891 since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 Since 1981 1891-1931 since 1891 1891-1931 PROOF

Since 19811891 since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 1891-1931 since 1891 1891-1931 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF

1891-19311891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981 since 1891 1891-1931 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF

since 18911829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981 1891-1931 1891-1931 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN Vienna

1891-1931since 1891 1891-1928 Since 1981 1891-1931 since 1891 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN Vienna

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

Vienna

provisional proof for multi barrel guns

Ferlach

provisional proof for multi barrel guns

Vienna

black powder proof for multi barrel guns

Ferlach

black powder proof for multi barrel guns

Bundesheer

preliminary proof for multi barrel guns

Budapest

smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Ferlach

smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Ferlach

smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Vienna

smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Weipert

smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS

1985

BELGIAN PROOF MARKS

PROOFPROOF MARKS:MARKS: BELGIANBELGIAN PROOFPROOF MARKSMARKS, cont.

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

since 1852 Belgium provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels

since 1852

Belgium

provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels

- - double proof marking for unfurnished barrels

-

-

double proof marking for unfurnished barrels

- - triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels

-

-

triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels

since 1893 - definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns, small bore guns and

since 1893

-

definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns, small bore guns and handguns

since 1853 Perron View stamp and inspectors mark for parabellum pistols

since 1853

Perron

View stamp and inspectors mark for parabellum pistols

since 1924 - Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols

since 1924

-

Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols

PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

since 1852

-

rifled arms defense for smokeless proof parabellum pistols

-

-

Superior nitro proof

 

BRITISH PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

since 1856MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1637 since 1904

since 1856PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1637 since 1904 since 1954

since 1637 - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1856 since 1904 since 1954 since 1904

since 1904cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1856 since 1637 since 1954 since 1904 PROOF HOUSE

since 1954PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1856 since 1637 since 1904 since 1904 PROOF HOUSE TYPE

since 1904CIRCA since 1856 since 1856 since 1637 since 1904 since 1954 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

London

provisional proof for barrels

Birmingham

provisional proof for barrels

London

definitive black powder proof for shotguns,muzzle loader barrels

London

definitive nitro proof for all guns - parabellum pistols

Birmingham

definitive nitro proof for barrel and action

Birmingham

black powder proof only for parabellum pistols

1986

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.

PROOF MARK

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont. PROOF MARK PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS -

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.

PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont.

PARIS HOUSE

CIRCA

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

1868-1925

London

definitive special super power proof for parabellum pistols

1868-1925

Birmingham

voluntary special black powder proof

1868-1925

London

reproof marking for black powder rifles

1868-1925

Birmingham

reproof marking for black powder rifles

1868-1925

Birmingham

definitive black powder proof for shotguns

since 1904

Birmingham

definitive nitro proof for all guns

since 1670

London

view mark

since 1904

Birmingham

view mark

FRENCH PROOF MARKS

ST ETIENNE HOUSE

CIRCA

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

PROOF MARKS ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS,
PROOF MARKS ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS,
PROOF MARKS ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS,

PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont.

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. since 1897 provisional proof unfinished
TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. since 1897 provisional proof unfinished

since 1897

provisional proof unfinished short barreled guns

1897

standard proof for finished guns

1897

double proof finished and joined barrels

1897

single barrel proof for non-assembled guns

1897

finished black powder guns

1897

special proof for finished guns

1897

ordinary smokeless powder proof

1897

superior smokeless powder proof

PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS

1987

GERMAN PROOF MARKS

PROOFPROOF MARKS:MARKS: GERMANGERMAN PROOFPROOF MARKSMARKS, cont.

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

since 1952GERMANGERMAN PROOFPROOF MARKSMARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since

since 1968PROOFPROOF MARKSMARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968

since 1968MARKSMARKS, cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since

since 1968 cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952

since 1968PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since

CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since

since 1968

since 1952

since 1952

since 19521968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since

since 19521968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since

since 1952 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1945 since

since 1952

1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1945 since 1950 since

since 1945

since 1950

since 19501952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1945 since 1950 since 1950 since 1950 PROOF

since 19501952 since 1952 since 1952 since 1945 since 1950 since 1950 since 1950 PROOF HOUSE TYPE

since 1950 1952 since 1952 since 1945 since 1950 since 1950 since 1950 PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

Ulm

Hannover

Kiel (W. German)

Munich

Cologne (W. German)

Berlin (W. German)

W. German

voluntary proof for Flobert rifle

W. German

repair proof for major gun parts

W. German

provisional black powder for shotgun & multi barreled rifles

W. German

definitive nitro proof for all guns

W. German

definitive black powder for smokeless ammo guns

W. German

Flobert for special purpose guns signal, flare, gas, & stun guns

E. German, Suhl

smokeless powder proof

E. German, Suhl

1st black powder proof for rifled barrels

E. German, Suhl

nitro powder proof

E. German, Suhl

repair proof

E. German, Suhl

1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels

1988

PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS,
cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS,

PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

PROOF MARK

since 1950

E. German, Suhl

inspection mark

since 1950

E. German, Suhl

choke-bore barrel mark

ITALIAN PROOF MARKS

CIRCA

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

since 1951ITALIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1951 since 1951 since

since 1951MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 since

since 1951PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 Brescia

since 1951

since 1951

Brescia

provisional proof for all guns

Gardone

provisional proof for all guns

Gardone & Brescia

definitive proof for guns with smokeless powder

Gardone & Brescia

finish proof for firearms ready for sale

Gardone & Brescia

1st black powder proof

for sale Gardone & Brescia 1st black powder proof PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. SPANISH
for sale Gardone & Brescia 1st black powder proof PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont. SPANISH

PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

SPANISH PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

PROOF HOUSE

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1910 since 1910 since

since 1910

since 1910

since 1910

since 1910HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910

since 1910OF PROOF AND GUN since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910

since 1910GUN since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 Eibar Eibar Eibar

since 19101910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 Eibar Eibar Eibar Eibar Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

provisional black powder proof for shotguns

temporary black powder proof for shotguns

final black powder proof for breech loading shotguns

final smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns

re-enforced smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns

provisional proof for shotguns

final black powder proof for breech loading shotgun

PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.

1989

PROOF MARK

CIRCA

since 1923 MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. 1989 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since

since 1923 PROOF MARKS, cont. 1989 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since

since 1923

1989 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923

since 1923 1989 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923

since 1923 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since

since 1923 CIRCA since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since

since 1923 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1929 PROOFPROOF

since 1923 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1923 since 1929 PROOFPROOF MARKS:MARKS, SPANISHcont.

since 1929

PROOFPROOF MARKS:MARKS, SPANISHcont.
PROOFPROOF MARKS:MARKS, SPANISHcont.

PROOF MARKS, cont.

since 1929

since 1929

since 1929

since 1929

since 1929

since 1929

PROOF HOUSE

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

Eibar

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

final and single black powder proof for double barreled muzzle loading shotun

final and single black powder proof for single barrel smooth bored breechloading guns

final black powder proof for double barreled breechloading rifles

final black powder proof for single barrel breechloading rifles

reinforced voluntary proof for single proof for single and double barrel shotguns

final proof of military-style rifle

single and final proof of non-self loading pistols

single and final proof for self loading pistols and revolvers

admission proof for guns with old marks

proof used in Barcelona for guns with old marks

final proof for revolver

proof for semiautomatic pistols

special manufacturer's mark for guns made for foreign sales

smokeless proof for shotgun barrels

reinforced smokeless proof for shotgun barrels