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A Project Management Process is defined as x  
        
             
   

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Almost all projects usually use the same set of processes to accomplish project management
successfully. The Project Management team is responsible for selecting appropriate processes
to meet/comply with project requirements and balance the "triple constraints" (time, scope, and
budget) of a project.

Each process and its inputs and outputs should serve as a high-level guide for a project
management team. The project management team should "tailor" each process to the individual
needs of a project. Project Management Processes deal with initiation, execution, monitoring,
control, and closing a project. All processes interact throughout the project via their constituent
inputs and outputs. x 
    
   
  
  

 
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The management processes are aggregated into five project management process
groups:

1.  
p   : Defines and authorizes the project or a project phase.
2. p 
p   : Defines and refines objectives, and plans the course
of action required to attain the objective and scope.
3. 
p   : Integrates people and resources to carry out the
project management plan for the project.
4.   
   
 
p   : Measures and monitors
progress to identify if the correction action can be taken to meet project
objectives.
5.  
p   : Formalizes acceptance of the product, services, or
result and brings the project or a project phase to an orderly end.


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There are nine Project Management Knowledge Areas. The following list briefly describes each
PM Knowledge Area:

1. p  
  
  : Deals with processes that integrate different
aspects of project management. This knowledge area deals with developing
Project Charter, Preliminary Project Scope, and Project Management Plan. It
also deals with monitoring and controlling project work, integrated change
control, and closing a project.
2. p  
  : Encapsulates processes that are responsible for
controlling project scope. It consists of Scope Planning, Definition, Verification,
and Control.
3. p   
  : Includes processes concerning the time constraints
of the project. It deals with Activity definition, sequencing, resource estimating,
and duration estimating. It also deals with schedule development and control.
4. p   
  : Includes processes concerning the cost constrains
of the project. Some of the processes that are part of this knowledge area are
Cost Estimating, Budgeting, and Control.
5. p  
  : Describes the processes that assure that the
project meets its quality obligations. It consists of Quality Planning, Quality
Assurance, and Quality Control.
6. p       
  : Includes the processes that deal with
obtaining and managing the project team. Some of the processes of this
knowledge area are Human Resource Planning, Acquire Project Team, Develop
Project Team, and Manage Project Team.
7. p     
  : Describes the processes concerning
communication mechanisms of a project, namely, Communication Planning,
Performance Reporting, and Information Distribution.
8. p   
  : Describes the processes concerned with project-
related risk management. It consists of Risk Identification, Quantitative and
Qualitative Risk Analysis, Risk Response Planning, and Risk Monitoring.
9. p p     
  : Includes all processes that deal with
obtaining products and services needed to complete a project. It consists of Plan
Contracting, Select Seller Responses, Select Seller, and Contract Closer.


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ithin each process group, individual processes are linked by their inputs and outputs

Input ± documents or document able items that were acted upon .

Tools & Techniques ± mechanisms applied to the inputs to create the outputs .

Outputs ± documents or document able item that are a result of the process.