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Student Guide

Precalculus Algebra

MAC 1140

FALL 2009

I. Introduction……………………………………p.2
II. Testing…………………………………………p.5
III. Course Grade………………………………….p.6
IV. Calendar………………………………………p.9
V. Text Book Homework Assignments .……….. p.10
VI. Contact Information…………………………..p.13
VII. Lecture Outlines …………………………….. p.14
VIII. Review Problems
Sample Exams

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I. INTRODUCTION

COURSE CONTENT: MAC 1140 is a review of algebra designed to prepare


students for calculus, in particular, MAC 2233, Survey of Calculus. Upon successful
completion of this course, students can directly advance to MAC 2233.

For students preparing for MAC 2311, Calculus I for science/engineering majors,
Precalculus Algebra is the first of a two-part sequence. The second part is College
Trigonometry, MAC 1114. This combination of MAC 1140 and MAC 1114 covers the
same material and uses the same book as the one semester, faster paced course, MAC
1147.

You may not receive general education or Gordon Rule credits for BOTH of these
courses. Hence, if you have already received credit for MAC 1147, do not register for
MAC 1140 or MAC 1114.

Students taking this course for GORDON Rule or general education credit, and who do
not need precalculus for their major, might consider taking MGF 1106 or MGF 1107
instead unless they are particularly interested in college-level algebra.

TEXTBOOK: Precalculus with Limits. 1st edition by Larson, Hostetler.

New and used text books are available at local book stores.
New books (bundle) are also available at publisher’s website
http://www.cengagesites.com/ichapters/micro/?cluster_id=3641.

You do not need the bundle.

For your convenience, 6+ copies of the text book and solution manual are on ‘2-hours’
reserves in Marston Science Libraries, Library West and the Norman Hall Education
Library.

In MAC 1140, we will cover the Appendix, the first three chapters, and the first two
sections of chapter 7.

COURSE HOME PAGE: math.ufl.edu/~chui. This site contains contact information,


lecture notes, exam locations when available. Announcements will be posted here as
well. You should check the course home page daily for updates.

LECTURES: We meet on Mondays and Wednesdays. This is the main presentation


of the material in the course. They will closely follow the calendar and lecture outline
given in this booklet. Attendance is required.

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Students may print out the Lecture Outlines from the course homepage, or purchase a
copy at Target Copy Center at 1412 W. University Ave.

After each lecture, worked out solutions to the lecture notes will be available in Little
Hall 376.

DISCUSSION SECTIONS, which meet on Thursdays in a much smaller classroom


setting, give you the opportunity for open discussion of the assigned problems and the
material from the lectures with a discussion leader-TA. Attendance is required.
Weekly quizzes will be given on the recent material. Homework will be collected six
times during the semester. You can find out discussion section information below in ‘VI.
CONTACT INFORMATION’.

Your main resource person is your discussion leader (your TA). He/she is the first
person you contact regarding any MAC 1140 course concerns. He/she is available during
his/her office hours to help you and also to keep records of all tests and quizzes scores. It
is required of you to go to E-learning at http://lss.at.ufl.edu to verify that your scores have
been properly recorded. You must contact your TA within one week to take care of any
errors on E-learning. Also, be certain that you agree with your total points before the end
of the semester and that your grade correctly reflects your scores in the course.

Retain all returned papers in case of any discrepancy with your course grade.

If there is a problem concerning your discussion section which you do not feel free to
discuss with your TA, please contact the course coordinator, Ms. Chui in Little Hall,
room 376.

E-LEARNING (EL): Student grades will be posted on EL by their discussion leaders.


Students can easily check the accuracy of recorded grades. Once new scores are posted,
you have one week to contact your TA if you believe there has been an error.

NOTE: We will not review disputed points at the end of semester. All concerns
regarding grades on specific assignments, quizzes or exams must be handled within
one week of the return of the paper.

FREE HELP! In addition to attending your discussion section regularly and visiting
your discussion leader during his/her office hours, the following aids are available:

a. The Teaching Center located at Broward (basement) offers excellent, walk-in free
tutoring staffed by competent tutors. The center provides individualized help with
homework and course material. You may want to attend different sessions to find
the tutors with whom you feel most comfortable. Check the website at
http://www.teachingcenter.ufl.edu for their hours and other available services.
Students are encouraged to use this service.

b. Six copies of the text book and the solution manual are at the Reserve Desk for

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your convenience at Library West, as well as the Norman Hall Education library,
and at the Marston Science library.

c. Private Tutors: If after availing yourself of these aids, you feel you need more
help, you may obtain a list of qualified tutors for hire at http://math.ufl.edu, click
on tutors.

Success: Your success in most math classes will depend on two things:

first, your attendance and participation in the learning process in the classroom
and
second, your awareness that much of the learning of mathematics at the university
takes place outside of the classroom.

In class, you should concentrate on the concepts and thought processes involved in the
lecture, rather than just taking notes. After class, you should spend time reviewing the
concepts which were covered in lecture before attempting the homework problems. You
should expect to spend a minimum of two focused hours working on your own for every
hour of classroom instruction. At least eight hours a week should be devoted to this
class.

It can be very helpful to study with a group. This type of cooperative learning is
encouraged; however, be sure that you have a thorough understanding of the concepts as
well as the mathematical steps used to solve a problem. You must be able to work
through the problems on your own. Even if you work together, each student must turn
in his or her own work, not a copy of solution, on any collected assignments.

STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES: Students requesting classroom


accommodation must first register with the Dean of Students Office. The DOS will
provide documentation to the student who must then provide this documentation to the
course coordinator, Ms. Chui when requesting accommodation.

ACADEMIC HONESTY: The University of Florida expects students to be honest in


all of their university classwork. Please remember that you committed yourself to
academic honesty when you registered by signing the statement:

“I understand that the University of Florida expects its students to be honest in all
of their academic work. I agree to adhere to this commitment to academic honesty,
and understand that my failure to comply with the commitment may result in
disciplinary action, up to and including expulsion from the University.”

The Math Department expects you to follow the academic honesty guidelines.
Matters of violations of academic honesty are adjudicated by the Dean of Students
Office.

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Lectures given in this class are the property of the University/faculty member and may
not be taped without prior permission from the lecturer and may not be used for any
commercial purpose. Students found to be in violation may be subject to discipline under
the University’s Student Conduct Code.

II. TESTING

a. You should bring to each test only the following:

1. Soft lead # 2 pencils (to mark answers to the multiple choice questions)
2. An ink pen (to sign your test)..
3. Knowledge of your discussion section number and your TA’s name.
4. Your University of Florida picture ID card (Gator-One Card).

It is suggested that you do not bring anything of value to the test since backpacks
are to be left in the back of the room during the test.

No aids (books, notes, calculators, people, cell phones ... etc.) are permitted;
scratch paper will be provided.

b. The instructions for completing the answer sheet must be carefully followed. You
must correctly encode your NAME, UF ID, SECTION NNUMBER, the TEST
FORM CODE, and SPECIAL CODE. Otherwise, you may not receive your
anticipated sores.

c. No one will be admitted to a test later than 20 minutes after the starting time of
the test. No one will be permitted to leave the test until 20 minutes after the stated
starting time.

d. You must take your test in the test location assigned to your officially registered
discussion section or you will lose points on your test.

e. The answer key will be posted on the website shortly after the test. You can verify
your test score in a week at http://lss.at.ufl.edu. If there is a problem with your test
scores, see your TA within one week after the paper is returned.

f. The graded ‘tear off’ sheets will be returned in discussion class. You will then have
one week to see your discussion leader if you have any question about the grading of
your exam.

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III. COURSE GRADE

Course grade on 459 points accumulated as follows:

Tests: (best 3 of 4 tests @ 75 points each) 225 points


Final: Cumulative! 110 points
Discussion Quizzes: (best 10 of 12 @ 5 points each) 50 points
Lecture Quizzes: (best 8 of 10 @ 3 points each) 24 points
Text book Homework: (best 5 of 6 @ 10 points each) 50 points
Total 459 points

Bonus Points: See below under EXTRA BONUS.

The course grade is determined by the number of points you have, not by the
percentage points.

A = 413 – 459 points (90%)


A– = 399 – 412.9 points (87%)
B+ = 386 – 398.9 points (84%)
B = 367 – 385.9 points (80%)
B– = 354 – 366.9 points (77%)
C+ = 340 – 353.9 points (74%)
C = 308 – 339.9 points (67%)
D = 239 – 307.9 points (52%)
E = below 239 points

TEXT BOOK HOMEWORK: The homework assignments represent the minimum


number of problems you should do in each section and serve as a basis for your questions
in your discussion section. Homework will be collected six times during the semester.
No late assignments will be accepted. If you miss discussion class on a day when
homework is collected, you have one week to bring your entire homework notebook to
your TA during his/her office hours, before the next Thursday. Your TA will then
randomly collect a section to grade.

LECTURE QUIZZES: Pop-quizzes will occasionally be given in lecture. On these


quizzes you may use your book, your notes, work in groups. To receive credit for these
quizzes, you must put your TA’s name and your section number on your paper.

DISCUSSION QUIZZES: Twelve quizzes will be administered on Thursdays in the


discussion sections. Quizzes will be based on previous lectures and homework
assignments. You should discuss each quiz within a week with your discussion leader if
there is a grading error or any other problems.

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TESTS: During the semester, there will be four 90 minutes evening tests given from
8:30 – 10 pm on the dates shown in the calendar in this booklet. Best 3 scores count
towards your course grade. If you like the grades you get from the first three tests, you do
not have to take the 4th test. These exams include both multiple choice questions and a
free response partial credit section. The location of each exam will be announced in
lecture and on the website before each exam.

Students are responsible for all material covered in lectures, reading assignments, and
homework problems. Questions will test mastery of both basic principles and
challenging calculation problems.

FINAL: All students must take a cumulative, all multiple-choice, 2-hour final exam
worth 110 points. The final exam will be given on December 12 from 3:00 pm to
5:00pm. The location of the final exam will be announced in lecture and on the website.

EXTRA BONUS: 10 BONUS POINTS (~ 2% of the grades) will be given for good
attendance. You qualify for this bonus points if you missed a total of two or fewer
discussion/lecture quizzes.

MAKE-UP POLICY: All make-up work must be completed by Thursday, December


10th.

i) Tests and the final exam: If you have a conflict due to participating in a UF
sponsored event or an exam in another course, (see *), you need to bring your
documentation to Ms. Chui in Little 376 at least one week (**) before the exam to sign
up for the make-up. If you miss a test for any other reason, see course coordinator Ms.
Chui.

There is a 11 point penalty for missing the final, unless you have made a prior
arrangement with the course coordinator.

(*)If other classes are scheduled during the exam time, University policy
(www.reg.ufl.edu/soc) states that the assembly exam takes precedence over the night
class and the night class instructor must provide make-up work for students who miss
class.

ii) Quizzes: Missed quizzes may not be made up, unless, (a) you are participating in a
UF sponsored event, for which you must bring your documentation one week (**)prior to
Ms. Chui, or (b) You miss more than two quizzes. In the second case, you must have
valid documentation for all the absences. Bring all your documentation to your TA
within one week of your third discussion quiz absence.

iii) Religious holidays: Religious holidays are excused; however, you must notify Ms.
Chui in writing within the first three weeks of class.(**)

iv) Court-imposed legal obligations- See Ms. Chui.

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INCOMPLETE: The grade of “I” is never used to avoid an undesirable grade. It is
used only if illness or extenuating circumstances result in a student being unable to
complete the course requirements during the term:

i) You have a valid documentable reason for not being able to complete the course.
ii) You have completed a major portion of the course with a passing grade.

If you meet both the above criteria you must see Ms. Chui before finals week, to be
considered for an incomplete, I. An I only lets you make up your incomplete work, not to
redo your completed work.

(**) If you fail to inform the instructor within the specified period, penalty will apply.

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IV. MAC 1140 CALENDAR Fall 2009
Monday (lecture) Tuesday Wednesday (lecture) Thursday (Discussion)
Aug. 24 L1 26 L2 27 Discussion (L1-L2)

31 L3 Sep. 2 L4 3 Quiz 1 (L1-L3)

7 Labor Day 9 L5 10 Quiz 2 (L4)


No class HW 1 (L1-L4)

14 L6 16 L7 17 Quiz 3 (L5-L6)

21 Review(L1-L7) 23 L8 24 Quiz 4 (L7)


Exam1 HW 2 (L5-L7)

28 L9 30 L10 Oct. 1 Quiz 5 (L8-L9)

5 L11 7 L12 8 Quiz 6 (L10-L11)


HW 3 (L8-L10)

12 Review (L8-L12) 13 14 L13 15 Quiz 7 (L12)


Exam 2
19 L14 21 L15 22 Quiz 8 (L13-L14)

26 L16 28 L17 29 Quiz 9 (L15-L16)


HW 4 (L11-L15)

Nov. 2 L18 4 L19 5 Quiz 10 (L17-L18)

9 Review (L13-L19) 11 Veteran’s Day 12


Exam 3 No class HW 5 (L16-L19)

16 L20 18 L21 19 Quiz 11 (L19-L20)

23 L22 25 L23 26 Thanksgiving Day


No class
30 L24 Dec. 2 L24 3 Quiz 12 (L21-L23)
HW 6 (L20-L23)

7 Review (L20-L24) 9 Review for Final 10 Reading Days:


Exam 4 (L1-L24) 10 -- 11

Final Exam: Saturday (12th), 3:00pm—5:00pm

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V. TEXT BOOK HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS

L1 Real Numbers, page A8: Vocab. Check; 1-5, 9.


Exercise (A1): 3, 5, 18, 27, 29, 31, 35, 36, 43, 47, 49, 60, 67, 69, 85, 89,
99, 101, 104, 107, 108, 109(a), 111, 112, 113, 115

L2 Exponents and Radicals, page A20: Vocab. Check: 1, 4


Exercise (A.2): 9, 11, 27, 28, 29, 31, 35, 51, 53, 56, 61, 67, 69(a), 74(b),
80, 81, 90, 95, 99, 101, 107, 110, 112
Additional HW: Simplify the radical expressions:
(a) 3 8 x 1 7 y 2 ⋅ 3 3 x6 2 y 2 (b) 7 7 2 ( 5x 3 − 7 ) − 2 7 4 ( x 3 − 7 )

L3 Polynomials and Factoring, page A31: Vocab. Check: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


Exercise (A.3):11, 24, 25, 26, 28, 35, 49, try these without using foil: (51,
56, 57, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69, 83), 85, 92, 93, 101, 109, 115, 127, 128, 131-145 odd,
149, 162, 177, 191, 201, 203a, 205, 221, 223, 224, 225

L4 Rational Expressions, page A42: Vocab. Check: 4


Exercise (A.4): 3, 6, 8, 20, 25, 39, 41, 49, 51, 60, 61, 63, 67, 68, 73, 77, 87

L5 Solving Equations, page A56: Vocab. Check: 5, 7


Exercise (A.5): 46, 47, 75, 81, 90, 97, 129, 137, 139, 145, 147, 152, 155,
165, 169, 181, 182, 189, 205, 209, 213

Additional HW: Find all real solutions and check your answers:
1. 6 x − 2 + x − 1 = 2 . 2. 8 ( m − 4 ) 4 − 1 ( 0m − 4 ) 2 + 3 = 0 .
2 1 1 3 5
3. ( y + 3 ) 3 − 2 ( y + 3 ) 3 − 3 = 0 . 4. 4 ( x + 1 ) 2 − 5 ( x + 1 ) 2 + ( x + 1 ) 2 = 0 .
1 3 6x 2
x − 9 3
5. x − 3 + x + 3 = 2 . 6. = . 7. x 8 − 4 x 4 − 5 = 0
x − 9 x 2
− 2x − 3 2
8, 3 x 4 + 1 x0 2 − 2 =5 0 . 9. x + 7 + 3 = x − 4 . 10. 2 x = 1 − 2 − x
12. ( 5 x 2 − 6 )
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11. x = 1 −5 2 x 4
= x 13. 3 4 x + 3 = 3 2 x − 1

15. x − ( 3 ) 4 x − 4 = 0
2 1 1 1 3
14. ( 2 x − 1 ) 3 = x 3 16. x 2 + 3 x − 2 = 1 x0 − 2
17, Factor x 6 − 2 x 4 + x 2 completely and find all the real solutions of the equation
x6 − 2x4 + x2 = 0 .

L6 Linear Inequalities, page A66: Vocab. Check: 3, 5, 6


Exercise (A.6): 9, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 31, 38, 39, 47-57 odd, 75-83 odd, 84, 95,
103, 111 – 114
Algebraic Errors, page A75: Vocab. Check:1, 2
Exercise (A.7):1-17 odd, 22, 35, 36, 37, 43-49 odd, 59, 63-71

L7 Rectangular Coordinates, page 9: Vocab. Check: 4

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Exercise (1.1): 3, 7, 11, 15, 25, 30, 34, 44 (w/out using #43), 74
Graphs, page 22: Vocab. Check: 3, 4, 5
Exercise (1.2): 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 42, 43, 59, 61, 63, 67, 77, 78
Additional HW:
1. Find the equation of a circle in standard form with center at the point ( − 3 , 2 ) and tangent to the line
(touching the line) y = 4 .
+ ( y + 1 ) − 1 = 8 , find its center, radius and intercepts.
2 2
2. Given the circle x
(Hint: Sketch the graph).

L8 Linear Equations, page 34: Vocab. Check: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7


Exercise (1.3): 3, 9, 13, 17, 21, 29-32, 39, 41, 45, 47, 51, 65, 67, 69, 79, 89, 107,
112, 112, 113, 117, 121-124, 126, 128
Functions, page 48: Vocab. Check: 1, 4
Exercise (1.4): 1, 7, 13, 15, 25, 29, 33-39 odd, 55, 57, 61, 63-69 odd, 81, 87, 91,
92, 103, 104, 106

L9 Analyzing Graphs of Functions, page 61: Vocab. Check: 2-8


Exercise (1.5): 1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 15, 17, 21, 63, 69-83 odd, 99, 104

L10 A Library of Functions, page 71: Vocab. Check: 3-6, 8, 9


Exercise (1.6): 1, 3, 43, 44, 69, 71
Transformations of Functions, page 79: Vocab. Check: 2, 4-6
Exercise (1.7): 1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 25, 33, 39, 49, 50, 53, 55, 59, 69, 70,
73, 74

L11 Combinations of Functions, page 89: Vocab. Check: 1-4


Exercise (1.8): 9, 15, 17, 31(a,c), 33(b,c), 35, 37, 41, 45, 47, 51, 64-66, 69, 70,
72(don’t prove), 76

L12 Inverse Functions, page 99: Vocab. Check: 1-5


Exercise (1.9): 7, 9, 11, 15, 19, 21(a), 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 39(a, d), 45(a, d) 46(a, d)
49(a, d), 61, 69, 73, 85, 86, 93

L13 Quadratic Functions, page 134: Vocab. Check: 1, 2, 4, 5


Exercise (2.1): 4-8, 9(a), 13, 17, 19, 23, 37, 39, 45, 73, 75(a,d), 78, 79, 81, 82,
84(b), 89, 90, 93

L14 Polynomial Functions, page 148: Vocab. Check: 1-5


Exercise (2.2): 1-8, 13, 14, 15, 19, 31-33 (only a,b), 51, 67, 75, 79, 99-102
Synthetic Division, page 159: Vocab. Check: 2-4
Exercise (2.3): 15, 25, 31, 35, 37, 45(a,b), 49, 51, 59, 75-77, 83, 85, 86

L15 Complex Numbers, page 167: Vocab. Check: 1-4


Exercise (2.4): 3, 13, 19, 21, 27, 31, 35, 39, 41, 47, 49, 51, 55, 59, 61, 71, 75, 77,
81, 87-90
L16 Zeros of Polynomial Functions, page 179: Vocab. Check: 2, 4. 5

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Exercise (2.5): 2, 37, 40, 47, 49, 57, 59, 113, 114, 128
Rational Functions, page 193: Vocab. Check: 2, 3
Exercise (2.6): 19

L17 Rational Functions, page 193: Vocab. Check: 2, 3


Exercise (2.6): 23, 25, 29, 35-41 odd, 81-84

L18 Nonlinear Inequalities, page 204: Vocab. Check: 1, 2


Exercise (2.7): 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 21, 27, 31, 39, 43-49 odd, (55, 59: no graphing),
67, 71, 78-80

L19 Linear and Nonlinear Systems of Equations, page 503: Vocab. Check: 5, 6
Exercise (7.1): 5, 7, 25, 53, 57, 59, 63, 64, 73, 77, 80
Two Variables Linear Systems, page 515: Vocab. Check: 3
Exercise (7.2): 1, 5, 7, 22, 38, 43, 45, 51(a)(c), 53, 55, 65, 71

L20 Exponential Functions, page 226: Vocab. Check: 1, 2, 4, 5


Exercise (3.1): 7-10, 17-20, 34, 37, 38, 45-52, 67(a)(b), 68(a)(b), 71, 73, 80

L21 Logarithmic Functions, page 236: Vocab. Check: 1-5


Exercise (3.2): 1-21 odd, 18, 27-31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 65-70, 72, 79-85 odd,
89(b)(c)(d), 91, 92

L22 Properties of Logarithms, page 243: Vocab. Check: 1, 3-5


Exercise (3.3): 1, 9, 13, 15, 17-22, 23-37 odd, 39-47 odd, 55-59 odd, 69-79 odd,
87, 88, 98(just rewrite)

L23 Exponential and Logarithmic Equations, page 253: Vocab. Check: 2, 3


Exercise (3.4): 9-19 odd, 25, 37, 45-65 odd (leave the answers in ‘log’ or ‘ln’),
for 81, 83, 85, 91, 93: leave the answer in terms of ‘e’ without using a calculator,
97-99, 109, 113, 119-122.

L24 Exponential and Logarithmic Models, page 264: Vocab. Check: 1


Exercise (3.5): 31, 32, 37, 39, 45, 46, 49(a,b), 50, 51, 67-69.

VI. CONTACT INFORMATION

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Last Name Email@ufl.edu Office Office Hours Phone
Section/Hours/Room (LIT) 392-0281 x
Instructor: Chui chui 376 M6,M8,W8 231
M/W5,9 NRN 137
M/W 7 FAB 103
Iuhasz emy2383 461 328
5922 R2 Lit 207
Molnar tmolnar 481 318
5924 R2 Lit 219
Iuhasz emy2383 461 328
3343 R4 Lit 201
Iuhasz emy2383 461 328
3345 R5 Lit 239
Huynh dhuynh 453 271
3346 R6 Lit 239
Huynh dhuynh 453 271
3353 R7 Lit 207
Hungerford freerad 473 330
3354 R7 Lit 201
Ward larie 476 297
5923 R7 Lit 205
Huynh dhuynh 453 271
3358 R9 Lit 235
Boddie aboddie 435 303
3057 R2 Lit 237
Boddie aboddie 435 303
3059 R3 Lit 205
Molnar tmolnar 481 318
3060 R4 Lit 125
Molnar tmolnar 481 318
3061 R5 Lit 207
Boddie aboddie 435 303
3062 R6 Lit 233
Phan dphan 463 329
3063 R6 Lit 235
Phan dphan 463 329
3064 R8 Lit 239
Phan dphan 463 329
3065 R9 Lit 205
Ward larie 476 297
8417 R8 Lit 233
Ward larie 476 297
7813 R5 Lit 219
Hungerford freerad 473 330

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7795 R9 Lit 101
Hungerford freerad 473 330
7811 R10 Lit 217
Raney raney 455 320
2702 M-F 3 Lit 203
Mahoney gatormm 477 316
8661 M-F 3 Lit 221
Newton rnewton 479 300
8711 M-F 9 Lit 207

VII. LECTURE OUTLINES

Lecture Outlines are only available in hard copies and through the course website home
page.

VIII. REVIEWS and SAMPLE EXAMS

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These tests are included to give you a flavor of the type of questions you may see on
exams. They are not reliable indicators of the contents of the semester’s exams.
You may see the exams from the most recent semester in the Teaching Center.

Solutions are on the pages directly following the tests.

Review I Lecture 1- Lecture 7

The following formulas should be memorized:


 x i f x ≥ 0

x =  , x ≥ 0

 − x i f x < 0

( x + y ) 2 = x 2 + 2 x y+ y 2
( x − y ) 2 = x 2 − 2 x y+ y 2

x 2 − y 2 = ( x + y ) x( − y )
x 3 − y 3 = ( x − y ) x( 2 + x y+ y 2 )
x 3 + y 3 = ( x + y ) x( 2 − x y+ y 2 )
( x + y ) 3 = x 3 + 3 x 2 y + 3 x 2y + y 3

( x − y ) 3 = x 3 − 3 x 2 y + 3 x 2y − y 3

2
x = x

The Quadratic Formula: x = − b ± b2 − 4a c


2a
Equation of a circle with radius r and center ( h , k ) : (x − h ) + (y − k )2 = r 2
2

Distance on the plane between points ( x 1 , y 1 ) and ( x 2 , y 2 ) : d = ( x 2 − x 1) 2 + ( y 2 − y 1) 2


 x + x2 y1 + y2 
Midpoint Formula: M =  1 , 
 2 2 
∆y y − y1
The slope of the line through ( x 1 , y 1 ) and ( x 2 , y 2 ) : m = = 2
∆x x2 − x1
f( x 2 ) − f( x 1)
Average rate of change of f from x 1 to x 2 is ( x 2 ≠ x 1)
x2 − x1

Complete the square, Properties of Inequalities (L.6), Properties of Exponents (L.2)

1. Write without absolute value signs and simplify:

15
2x + − x2 − 1
(a) (b) π − 5 − 3 − π (c) 3 1 2− 4 r + r − 1 i f r > 3
x +1

2. What must be the value of k for the equation 6 x 2 + 3 x + k = 0 to have one repeated
real solution?
1
3. Solve the quadratic equations: 4 u 7 − 4 u 4 − 3 u 5 = 0 , ( u − 1 ) − ( u − 1 ) 2 − 6 = 0 ,
4 2
u 3
− 1 u0 3
= −9 .

4. Solve the absolute value inequalities. Give answers in interval notation.


(c) 4 − 8 2 x − 3 + 1 > 0 (d) 3 − x + 1 <
1
(a) 2 + 2 − x ≤ 0 (b) 2 + 2 − x ≥ 0
3 4 2 2
(e) − 2 + 2 − x ≥ 0

5. Write the statement below as absolute value inequality and solve it for k .
Give your answer in interval notation: “ k is no more than 13 units away from − 5 ”.

6. Give points P ( − 3 , 5 and


) Q ( 3− 2 , )
(a) Find d ( P , Q )
(b) Find the midpoint of the segment joining the two points.

7. If ( − 3 , and
7 ) ( x , 3 ) are the endpoints of a line segment, and ( 4 , y ) is its midpoint, find
the values of x and y.

8. What types of symmetry does the graph of x 2 − 5 y 2 = 1 8have, if any?

9. M.T & J produces a new line of jackets with a fixed costs of $ 5 to 7 set
0 up for
production, and variable costs of $37 per jacket. Write an equation that can be used to
determine the total cost, C ( x ) , encountered by M.T & J in producing x jackets, and use
the equation to find the total cost of producing 94 jackets. The company sells the
jackets for $60 per jacket. Write an equation that can be used to determine the profit
for selling x jackets. How many jackets does the company have to sell to ensure a
profit of $1000?

10. Find the equation of the circle with center ( 5 − 3 , ,) touching the point ( 1 ,. 0 )

11. Find the center-radius equation of a circle if the endpoints of the diameter are ( 1 − 2 , )
and ( 9 ,. 6 )

12. Complete the square to find center and radius of the circle 3 x 2 + 3 y 2 + 1 x 2 − 6 y − 1 = 0 .
Determine the intercepts and sketch the circle.
3 2
 3 5
13. Evaluate the expression:  −    .
 5 3

16
14. Find all solutions: (a) 5 − 4 x = x ; (b) 2 x + 3 − x + 2 = 2 (c) 3 − x +5 = 2

15. Graph the inequality: (a) − 2 ≤ x ≤ 3 , (b) 2 ≤ x and x ≤ 3

−1
8 x 5 y −1 3
8x5y 8 x 5 y −1 4 x −1
16. Simplify (assume x ≥ 0 , y ≥ 0 ) (a) 3 (b) (c) 3 ⋅ 3
2 x7 − 3 3
2 x7 − 3 2 x7 − 3 x −6 y
(d) simplify 2 8 ( x − 1 ) y − 3 8(x − 1)y
5 −1 −1
to have just one term.

−1 1
17. Evaluate ( x − 2 ) +
(x 2
− x − 2)

k +1
x
18. True/False: (a) = x k
(b) ( a n ) k = a n k
(c) n
a n
= a if a < 0 , and n even.
x
a + 3 3
(d) n
a + n
b = n
a +b (e) ( a + b ) 3 ≠ a 3
+b 3
(f) ≠ , a > 0
a +5 5

5 2
19. Rationalize the denominator (a) (b) 3
2 3 9

20. Write the expression as a single radical and simply if necessary 4


2x 9

21. Find the x- and y- intercepts of the equation y = − x + 1 0

22. Check the symmetries w.r.t. both axes and the origin
(a) x 2 − y = 0 (b) y = x 3 (c) x − y 2
= 0

23. Solve for x: x


2
− 3 x = −4 x + 6

24. Solve for x: x 4


− 4x 2
+ 3 = 0
1 1

25. Solve for x: 8 ( x + 2 ) 2
− 3(x + 2) 2
= 0

26. T/F: A graph is symmetric w.r.t. x-axis if, whenever (x,y) is on the graph, (-x,y) is
also on the graph.
x 3x 3
27. Find the values of x: (a) − 1 < 2 − < 1 , (b) + 2 =
3 x −1 x −1
x + h − 2 − x − 2
28. Simplify the difference quotient by rationalize the numerator
h

17
1
x −
29. Simplify the complex fraction: (a) 2 x ,
x
1
x +
(b) x (rationalize the denominator)
x − y

30. Factor completely to solve for x: (a) 3 x 2


+ 1 x0 + 8 = 0 , (b) 3 x 3 + 1 x0 2 + 8 x = 0

REVIEW UNIT II

MAC1140 Review 2, Spring 2009. Lectures 7~14.

Formulas to know: midpoint formula, distance formula, standard equation for a


circle(center-radius form), slope of a line, relation of slopes of 2 parallel lines, 2
perpendicular lines, equation of a line in point-slope formula, in slope-intercept formula,
average rate of change of a function, vertex of a parabola, parent functions and their
graphs. Only part of them are listed below in formulas.

You can find all the above information in lecture outlines, or in the text book.

Some FORMULAS TO MEMORIZE:


1. n a n = a , if n is even n ≥ 2
n
a n
= a , if n is odd n ≥ 3

( a)
m m
2. a n = n
a m
= n
, provided n
a exists.
3. Rules for the Inverses:
(a) f − 1 ( f ( x ) )= x for all x in the domain of f (b) Domain of f − 1 = Range of f
f ( f − 1 ( y ) )= y for all x in the domain of f Range of f − 1 = Domain of f

Equivalently:
−1
f(x ) = y ⇔ f (y ) = x

(c) The graph of f and f −1


are reflections of each other across the line y = x

− b
4. The vertex of the parabola f ( x ) = a 2 x + b +x c is ( h , k ) , where h = and k = f ( h )
2a
5. For a linear function : Slope-Intercept formula : f ( x ) = m +x b ,
Point-Slope formula: y − y 1 = m ( x − x 1 ) , y = m ( x − x 1 ) + y 1
f (x2) − f (x1) ∆y
Average rate of change = (= = m )
x2 − x1 ∆x

18
Work out the following problems, look them up in the notes/book before seeking
additional help. You will learn more that way.

1. Suppose (a,b) is a point on a graph. Find another point on the graph if


(a) the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis.
(b) the graph is symmetric with respect to the origin.
(c) the graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis.

2. Consider the equation y = |x+1|.


(a) The point (-2,1) lies on the graph of the equation. (T/F)
(b) Find the x- and y- intercepts.
(c) What kind of symmetry does the graph have?

3. The point (a,b) is on a graph that is symmetric w.r.t. the y-axis. What other point
must lie on the graph?

4. A rocket was launched from the ground so that its height above the
ground after t seconds is given by the formula h = − 1 t 62 + 9 t 6 .
(a) Find each time at which the rocket is exactly 80 feet above the ground.
(b) When will the rocket hit the ground again?
(c) Use the interval notation to give all values of t for which the rocket is rising.
(d) The rocket reaches its maximum height at ___ seconds.
5. Which point is closer to (3,1), is it (2,3) or is it (0,1)?

6. Find the distance between the origin and the midpoint of the segment whose end
points are (-1,2) and (5,6).

7. The graph of the equation ( x + 2 ) 2 + ( y − 1 ) 2 = 4 is a circle. Does the point ( 2 , 1 )


lie on the circle? Sketch the graph of the circle.

8. Test for symmetry and find each intercept of the equations.


x
(a) y 2
− x − 1 = 0 . (b) y = (c) 2 x − 4 y = 6 (d) x 2
= y (even/odd)?
x +1
2

9. Write the equation of the line passing through the point (-2,4) which is:
(a) perpendicular to the y-axis (b) parallel to the y-axis

10. Let f be a function such that the point (-3,5) lies on its graph. Find f(3) if
(a) f is even (b) f is odd.
1
11. Find the average rate of change of f(x) = from x = -3 to x = -1.
1− x

12. Given the equation x 2


+ y 2 + 6 y + 5 = 0 . Which of the following statement(s)
is/are true?

19
A. The graph of the equation is symmetric with respect to the origin.
B. There is no x-intercept, the y-intercepts are at y = -5, and y = -1
C. The graph is a parabola opening upwards.

(a) A only (b) B only (c) C only (d) A and B (e) B and C

13. If, when the point (-2, 4) is on a graph, the point (2, -4) is also on the graph, then
which of the following statements is true?

a. The graph is sym.w.r.t the x-axis.


b. The graph is sym. w.r.t the origin.
c. The graph is sym. w.r.t. the y-axis.
d. The graph has no sym.

14. Consider the equation y = |x|+1. Which of the following statements is true?

a. The point (-2,1) lies on the graph of the equation.


b. The x- intercept of the graph is (-1,0).
c. The graph of the equation is symmetric with respect to the x- axis.
d. The y- intercept of the graph is ( 1 , 0 )
e. None of the above.

15. Which of the following statements is true?


(a) The point (-2, -1) does not lie on the circle ( x + 2 ) 2 + ( y − 1 ) 2 = 4 .
(b) g ( x ) = x 2 − x + 1 is even.
(c) none of the above

16. Given y = 3 x 2
− 7 x + 4 , the following is the 1st step in completing the square

7
Step 1: y = 3 ( x 2
− x) + 4
3
What’s the next step in completing the square?

17. Which of the following equations is odd?

2 1
(a) f ( x ) = (b) f ( x ) = (c) f ( x ) = x 2
− x (d) f ( x ) = | x |
x −1 x +5
2

18. Match the graph with its polynomial function, y =

20
1 3 4 1 9 1 9
(a) 2 x 3 − 3 x + 1 (b) − x + x2 − (c) x 5 − 2 x 3 + x (d) − x 5 − 2 x 3 + x
3 3 5 5 5 5

19. Match the graph with its polynomial function, y=

1 4
(a) − 2 x 2
−5x (b) − x + 3x 2
(c) x 4
+ 2x 3

4
(d) x 2
− 4x

20. Given the graph below, is it an even or odd polynomial? Is the leading coefficient
a n positive or negative? Construct a possible polynomial that matches the graph and the
given points. (the answer is not unique).

21. Consider the graph of a function

Identify the parent function : __________

___ Vertical shift ___ units (up / down) (select one)

___ Horizontal shift ___ units (right / left) (select one)

___ Reflection across (x- / y-) axis (select one)

___ Vertical (compression / stretch) (select one)

Construct the function using the given points.

21
x +1
22. Given a one-to-one function f ( x ) = . Find f −1
and the range of f .
x − 2
1
23. Sketch h ( x ) = x(x − 4)2
3
1
24. Sketch h ( x ) = − x ( x − 4 ) 2
3

25. Sketch f ( x ) = − 5 x 2
− x 3

26. A ball was thrown upward with initial velocity 80 ft/sec from a bridge of height 96 ft.
above a river. After t seconds, its height above the ground is given by
h ( t ) = − 1 t 62 + 8 t 0 + 9 6

(a) What is the maximum height of the ball?


(b) When does the ball reach that height?
(c) At what time will the ball fall into the river?
(d) Find all intercepts of the graph of the equation.
(e) Sketch the graph and label all important point on the graph.
(f) Use interval notation to show when the height of the ball is above 100 feet.

27. The demand function for a sofa at a furniture outlet has been determined to be
, where is the price of a sofa. The cost function is a fixed cost of
$7500 plus $500 per unit.
(a) Find the profit function . (b) Find the production level that will maximize
profit. (c) What price will maximize the profit?

28. Find all zeros of and their multiplicities.

29. Let ) and be an even function such that the point (-3,5) lies on the
graph of . Find: (a) (b) .

30. Find the equation of the parabola that has vertex (3,4) and passing through the point
(1,2).

31. Let f ( x ) = x 2 + 1 , g ( x ) = x . Find ( f  g ) x( ) and find the domain of this


composite function.

32. Find the vertex and the range of the parabola f ( x ) = − x 2


+ 4x

33. Use synthetic division to show that (x-1) and (x-2) are factors of
f(x) = 2 x 4 − 3 x 3 − 4 x 2 + 3 x + 2 and factor f(x) completely.

22
REVIEW UNIT III
MAC 1140
L15~L21

FORMULAS TO REMEMBER:

1) Properties of Exponents ( a > 0 , a ≠ 1 , b > 0 , b ≠ 1 ):

−x 1
a x
⋅a y
= a x+ y
(a x ) y
= a x ⋅y
a = x a 0
= 1
a
x x
 a  a
( a ) bx = a x
⋅b x
  =
 b  b x

−1
2) For 0 < a < 1 , f ( x ) = a x
is an increasing function and f exists

3) Complex number i 2 = − 1 , − a = a i (a > 0) , i3 = −i , i4 = 1

4) The remainder Theorem: If f ( x ) = ( x − c ) q ( x ) + r , then r = f ( c ) .

5) Identities: a l o a gx = x for x > 0 l o a ga x = x for any real x


____________________________________________________________________
[NOTE: All the graphs shown are not precise, they serve as a guideline. Refer to
class notes for details.]

1. a. Find the conjugate of the following:


(i) 2 + i 5 (ii) -3i (iii) 5
b. Evaluate:
(i) ( 2 i − 6 ) 6( + 2 i ) (ii) − 1 ⋅2 − 7 5
(iii) − 1 2− − 7 5 (iv) − 1 ⋅2 7 5

2. Perform the indicated operations. Write your answer in standard form.


1 + i 3 −i
(a) ( 4 − 3 i ) − ( 4 + 3 i ) (b) ( i 2 3 − 1 ) 2 (c) 3 (d)
i 1 − 2i
3. Use the discriminant to determine the number and type of solutions to the
following equations. Solve each equation in the complex number system.

(a) 4 x ( x + 3 ) = − 9
(b) 3 x 2 − 4 x + 5 = 0

4. Find all values of k so that the equation 2 x 2


+ x = k has no real solutions.

23
5. (a)Sketch the graph of the function y = − 2 ( x − 1 ) x( + 2 ) 2 .
Determine the function’s end behavior. How many turning points does the graph
have?

(b) Use your graph from (a) to solve the inequality


− 2 ( x − 1 ) x( + 2 ) 2 ≤ 0 . Write your answer in interval notation.
1
6. Sketch the graph of 1 − f ( x + 2 ) if f ( x ) = . Find all vertical and horizontal
x
asymptotes of the graph

7. Sketch the graph of the rational function


( x − 2 ) x( 2 − 4 x + 3 )
f (x) =
( x 2 − 6 x + 8 ) x( − 1 ) 2
(write the domain, find holes, asymptotes, intercepts and points where the graph
crosses its horizontal asymptote. If any of the above does not exist, write: None).

8. Sketch the graph of the rational functions:


3x2 − 6x x2 + 4x + 3
(a) f ( x ) = 2 (b) f ( x ) =
x + x −1 2 ( x 2 − x − 2 ) x( − 2 )

9. Solve each inequality: (how many test intervals? How many disjoint intervals are
in the solution? Write an equivalent inequality; What’s the solution set? )

x + 3 3x −8 x + 4 x − 3 x + 3
(a) ≤ 2 (b) > x (c) < 3 (d) ≤
x −1 5 − x 2 − x x + 3 x − 3

(1 − x ) 2 ( x + 2 ) 3 ( 6 − x ) 2
(e) ≥ 0
(1 − x ) 5 ( x + 2 ) 2 ( x + 5 )

x −5
10. Find the range of f ( x ) = . Does the graph of f ( x ) cross its horizontal
x + 2
asymptote?

11. Solve the systems:

2 x − 3 y = −2 x 2 + y 2 = 1 7
(a)  (b) 
3x − 2 y = 1 2  3y − x = 1
 1 2  1 2
x − y = −2 x − y = −2
(c)  2 3 d)  2 3
 1 y2 = 9 x + 1 5  − 3 x + 4 y = 1 2
12. A chemist needs 120 cc of a 36% alcohol solution but has only solution of
concentration 24% and 60% alcohol available. How many cc’s of each should be

24
mixed to get a solution with the desired concentration? Solve using a system of
equations.

13. A farmer uses 1200 feet of fencing to enclose a rectangular region and also to
subdivide the region into three smaller equal rectangular regions by placing two
fences parallel to one of the sides. What is the largest total area that can be
enclosed?

14. A tourist traveled from one town to another along a river by speedboat. The 100
km trip took 2 hours 30 minutes going downstream, but the return trip upstream
took 3 hours. What was the speed of the boat and the current (assume both speeds
remained constant).

15. Mother’s Earth Grocery sells dried apples for $1.20 per quarter pound, and
dried apricots for $1.80 per quarter pound. How many quarter pounds of each
must the manager mix together to get 20 pounds (80 quarter ponds) of a mixture
that will sell for $1.68 per quarter pound?

16. In the morning, Mary drove to the office at average speed of 45 mph. Her
average speed on return trip home was 30 mph. The return trip in the afternoon
took 10 minutes longer because of heavy traffic. How far away from home is her
office?

17. The width of a rectangle is 2 feet less than its length. Find the length of the
rectangle if its diagonal is 10 ft.
1
18. Find the domain of the following functions: g ( x ) = ( 2 e x + 4 ) 4 .

x
 1 −x
19. In the same coordinate system sketch the graphs of y = 3 x
and y =   = 3 .
 3
Compare their properties.

20. Solve the equations:


x −1
9 x  1  x+2 1
a) =   b) 8 2 x +1
= 1 ( 62 x2+4
) c) e =
3  8 1
2
e
( )= 9
e) 3 2
x
9 f) e 3x
= 1 2 5 g) 5 x −1
= 4 x +1
(use ln) h) e
x
3
l n4
= 6

21. In the same coordinate system sketch the graphs of the following functions and
compare their properties (domain, range, asymptotes, intercepts,
increasing/decreasing):
a) y = 2 x and y = l o 2 gx b) y = l o 2 gx and y = l o 2 (g x + 2 )

25
22. Write the statements below in equivalent exponential form:
1
a) l o 5 1g 2 = 53 b) l n2 = x c) l o g = −3
1 0 0 0

23. Write the statements below in equivalent logarithmic form:


−4
1 1
a) e = 1 b) 1 0 = 4
0 2 x
c)   = 1 6 d) = 2 1− x
2 y
1 l o 1 g8 1
24. Evaluate a) l o 2 g55 b) l o 2 g c) l o 1 g 0 0 d) l ne 3 e)
2 3

25. (i) Find the domain, range, asymptotes, intercepts and sketch the graph of the
function f ( x ) = 2 − 2 l o 2 (g x + 1 ) .
(ii) Describe all transformations (in correct order) that should be applied to the
graph of g ( x ) = l o 2 gx in order to obtain the graph of f(x).

26. Given f ( x ) = l o 5 ( g2 x + 1 ) , evaluate f ( 2 ) .

27. Mr. Smith invests $50,000 in 2 mutual funds, one paying 8% and the other 8.5%
interests for the 1st year . If his interest from the investment was $4150 in that year,
how much did he invest in each fund?

x +1 x +1
28. Solve the equation: 2 ⋅ 9 − 3 −1 = 0 .

29. Which of the following linear systems is:


a) inconsistent (has no solutions)
b) has infinitely many solutions
c) has a unique solution

 2 x − 3 y = 4  2 x − 3 y = 4  2 x − 3 y = 4
i)  − x + 3 y = − 2 ii)  − x − 3 y = − 2 iii)  − x + 3 y = 2
 2  2  2

30. When moving against the wind, a bicyclist rides 50 mi in 3 hours, and with the
wind, he rides 80 mi in 4 hours. Find the bicyclist’s speed and the wind’s speed.

31. (i) Sketch the graph of the function f ( x ) = 2 − e − x + 1 . Find its domain, range and
asymptote. Is function increasing or decreasing?
(ii) Describe all transformations (in correct order) that should be applied to the
graph of g ( x ) = e − x in order to obtain the graph of f(x).

32. Find all solutions of the equations in the complex number system:

a. x 4
−1 = 0 b. ( y + 1 ) 2 = − 1 6 c. 2 x 2
− x −5 = 0 d. x 2
− 3x + 3 = 0

26
33. Determine all zeros of f ( x ) = 2 x 3 − 9 x 2 + 1 x4 − 5 , given that 2-i is one zero, and
factor f(x) completely over the complex numbers.

x2(x + 3x + 4)
2
34. Given R ( x ) = . Find the domain.
x − 4x 3

Review Unit 4---L22-L24:

Formulas to remember:
Properties of logarithms ( x > 0 , y > 0 , a > 0 , a ≠ 1 , and p ≠ 0 ):

 x
(a) l o a (g x ) y = l o a gx + l o a gy (b) l o a g  = l o a gx − l o a gy
 y
(c) l o a gx r
= r l o a gx (d) l o a ga = 1 (e) l o a 1g = 0

l o gx
Change-of-base theorem: l o a gx = b
, (a ,b , x > 0 , a ≠ 1, b ≠ 1)
l o b ag
Exponential growth:
Exponential decay:
Logistic growth model:

1. Write as a single logarithm: 5 l o 2 g− 3 l o x g + 2 l o y g − l o 3 g.

e 2
x y y 
2. Rewrite l n 2
 as a sum and/or difference of logarithms.

 z 

3. Simplify where it’s possible. Give all restrictions on the variables:

l o 3 9g 2 2
a) b) 3 l nx
c) l o 1 g 2 0x d) l o 2g x
l o 5 2g 5 e 4

e) 5 l o 3 gx
f) l n x 2 ( + y 2 )

4. Solve the logarithmic equations:

a) l o 2 (g x − 3 ) 2 = 4 b) l o 3 ( g2 x + 1 ) − l o 3 ( g x − 1 ) = 2
c) l n x + l n x −( 2 ) = l n3 d) l o 3 g x − 6 = 2

5. A species of bat is in danger of becoming extinct. Five years ago, the total
population of the species was 2000.

27
Two years ago, the total population of the species was 1500. Find the total
population of the species next year using the exponential decay model.

6. The number N of bacteria in a culture is modeled by N = 1 0 e k 0,t where t is the


time in hour. Four hours later, the number of bacteria is 400. Find
a) the initial size of bacteria.
b) approximate time when the number of bacteria reaches 800.
c) approximate number of bacteria 16 hours later.
d) How long will it take to double?

7. In a typing class, the average number N of words per minute typed after t weeks
of lessons was found to be
1 6 0
N = . Find
1 + 7 − 0 .5 t
a) the average number of words per minute typed before the lesson.
b) the time necessary to type 80 words per minute.
c) the maximum average number of words per minute typed according to this
model.

8. Which of the following statements is/are true?


l o xg
a) l o 3 0g = 1 d) = l o xg − (y )
l o yg
− l o xg = l o gx 1
b) 3 1
e) l o a g  = − l o a bg
3 b
1
c) l o a bg = (a ,b > 0; a ,b ≠ 1) f) 2 x
= e x l n2
l o b ag

9. Use change-of-base Theorem to rewrite each logarithm with a new base b.


Simplify where it is possible.

(a) l o 2 eg ; b = e (b) l o 1 g0 x 0 ; b = 1 0 (c) l o 3 g62 1; 6 b = 6

10. A radioactive substance is decaying so that the number of grams present after t
days is given by

A (t) = 2 0 e 0− 0 . 0 0 t2

a) Find the amount of the substance present after 100 days.


b) Find the half-life of the substance.

28
Partial Answer – Review Unit I

1. (a) x + 1 (b) 8 − 2 π (c) 1 r 3 − 3 7


3
2.
8
3. (a) Solve the quadratic equation by factoring: 4 u 7 − 4 u 4 − 3 u 5 = 0
6
( 3
Steps:(1) u 4 u − 4 u − 3 5 = 0 (2) Let x = u 3)
(3) 4 x 2 − 4 x − 3 =5 0 (4) ( 2 x − 7 ) 2( x + 5 ) = 0
7 5 7 5
(5) ∴ x = , x = − (6) ∴ u = 0 , u = 3 , u = 3 −
2 2 2 2
Or,
Solve the quadratic equation by completing the square: 4 u 7 − 4 u 4 − 3 u 5 = 0
6
( 3
Steps:(1) u 4 u − 4 u − 3 5 = 0 (2) Let x = u 3 ) (3) 4 x 2 − 4 x − 3 =5 0
3 5
(4) x − x −
2
= 0 (5) x 2 − x = 3 5 2
(6) x − x + =
1 3 5+ 1
4 4 4 4 4
2
1 1 1 ± 6
(7)  x − 1  = 9 (8) x − = ± 3 (9) x = ± 3 = ,
2 2 2 2
7 5 7 5
(10) ∴ x = , x = − (11) ∴ u = 0 , u = 3 , u = 3 −
2 2 2 2

(b) only u = 1 .0

4. (a) ∅ (b) ( − ∞, + ∞) (c)  − 5 , 7  (d)  − ∞ , − 7  ∪  7 , + ∞
2 2 2 2
5. k + 5 ≤ 1 3 [ −; 1 8 , 8 ]

6. (a) d ( P , Q ) = 8 5 (b)  0 3 ,  (c) Yes


2
7. x = 1 , 1 y = 5

8. x-axis, y-axis, and origin

9. C ( x ) = 5 7 + 30 x7 , 4 0 , 4 P (8 x ) = 6 x0 − 5 7 − 30 x7 , 69 jackets

10. ( x − 5 ) + ( y + 3 ) = 2 5
2 2

11. ( x − 5 ) + ( y − 2 )2
2
= 3 2

12. Center: ( − 2 , 1 Radius:


) r = 4 = 4 3
3 3
3
13. − 14. (a) only x = 1 (b) only x = 2 ,3 (c) ∅
5
15. and 16, draw the number line and show the answer graphically

29
x + 2 5 3 23 3
17. 18. T, F, F, F, T, T 19. , 20. x ( 3 2 x )
( x − 2 ) x( + 1 ) 6 3
21. (-10,0), (0,-10) 22. y-axis, origin, x-axis 23. x = 1 , − 3
1 3
24. ± 3 , ± 1 25. 26. F 27. 3<x<9, ∅
8

28.
1
. 29. 1 −
1
,
x2 +1 ( x + y) ( )
x+h−2 + x−2 2x x(x − y2)
30. (3x+4)(x+2), (a) x = − 4 3 , − 2 (b) x = 0 , − 4 3 , − 2

Answer--- Review unit II:

1. (a) (a, -b] (b) (-a, -b) (c)(-a,b), 2. (a) T (b) y-int: (0,1), x-int: (-1,0) (c) none,
3. (-a,b), 4. (a) t=1, 5 (b) at t=6 sec (c) (0,3) (d) 3, 5. (2,3) is closer
6. M=(2,4), d = 2 ,0 (or d = 2 5 ), 7. no, 8. (a)sym.w.r.t. x-axis,
intercepts: x = -1, y = -1, 1, (b) sym. w.r.t. origin, int: (0,0), (c) no symmetry,
intercepts:
x = 3, y = - (3/2). (d) even 9. (a) y=4 (b) x=-2, 10. (a) 5 (b) -5, 11. 1/8,
12.(b) no x-intercept, y intercepts are y = -5, -1. Symmetric w.r.t. the y-axis,
x 2 + ( y + 3 ) 2 = 4 , the equation is a circle. 13. b 14. (a) (-2, 3) lies on the graph,
(b) no x-int. (c) y-int. (d) (0,1) (e)none of them are true. 15.(a)does (b)not,
7 7 4 9
g(x) ≠ g(-x) (c)none of the above, 16. y = 3 ( x 2
− x + ( )2) + 4 − ,
3 6 1 2
17. c-thefunction is typed wrong, it should have been (x^3)-x, 18. (c) 5 zeros, n ≥ 5 , n is
odd; 4 turns, again, n ≥ 5 , and a n > 0 , 19. (c) n is even, a n > 0 ,
20. even, a n >0, zeros: -4(odd multiplicity), 0 (even multiplicity). 4(odd multiplicity).
y = x 2 ( x − 4 ) x( + 4 ) , 21. vertical shift 1 units down, horizontal shift 3 units to the
1 1
right, vertical stretch, y = (x − 3)2 − 1 ,
4
1+ 2x R = D = ( − ∞, 1 ) ∪ ( 1 , ∞ ) ,
22. f −1
= , f f −1 23. degree: 3, odd, a n > 0 , end
x −1
behavior: rises to the right and falls to the left, turning points ≤ 2 , x-int: (0,0),(4,0), y-
int: (0,0), zeros: 0(odd mult.), 4(even mult.)

(23) (24)

30
24. degree: 3, odd, a n < 0 , end behavior: rises to the left and falls to the, turning points
≤ 2 , x-int: (0,0),(4,0), y-int: (0,0), zeros: 0(odd mult.), 4(even mult.

25. degree: 3, odd, a n < 0 , end behavior: rises to the left and falls to the right, turning
points ≤ 2 , x-int: (-5,0),x-, y-int: (0,0), zeros: -5(odd multiplicity.), 0(even mult.)

26. (a) and (b): maximum height occurs when t=2.5 and is h(2.5)=196 feet.
(c) At t = 6 seconds. (d) (-1,0), (6, 0), (0, 96). (e) parabola opens down with vertex
at (2.5, 196), and intercepts at those points listed in (d).
2 −0 3 8 2 4 +0 3 8 4
(f) ( , )
8 8
2 5
27.(a) Revenue is R ( x ) = p =x − x2 +1 1 x 0 , 0cost is .
4
Profit P ( x ) = (b) 48 units (c) $800,
28.zeros: 0 (multiplicity 1), -3 (multiplicity 4), 3 (multiplicity 1).
29. (a) 3 (b) 5 note: Since f is even, f(3)=f(-3) 30.look in the notes and hw:
1
y = − (x − 3)2 + 4 , 31. ( f  g ) x( ) =x+1, D=[0, ∞ ) ,
2
32.vertex:( 2,4), R: ( − ∞, 4 ] , 33. (x-1)(x-2)(2x+1)(x+1)

, Answer---Review Unit III


1.(a) (i) 2 − i 5 (ii) 3 i (iii)5 (b) (i) 2 i 1 0 (ii) − 3 0 (iii) − 3 i 3 (iv) 3 i 0
2. (a) -6i (b) 2i (c) -1+i (d) 1+i 3. (a)1 repeated solution: -(3/2) (b) 2 complex
2 ± 1 1i
solutions: x= 4. k<-(1/8),
3
5. (a) falls to the right, rises to the left, 2 turning points
(b) [ 1 , ∞ )

6. . VA: x= -2, HA: y= 1

31
7. D: x ≠ 1 ,2 ,4 , hole: (2, ½), VA: x= 1,4; HA: y=0; x-int: (3,0), y-int:(0, -3/4)

8. (a) VA: x=3, -4; HA: y= 3; hole: none; cross at (4,3); x-int: (0,0), (2,0).
(b) VA: x=2; HA: y=0; Hole: (-1, 2/9); y-int:(0, ¾); x-int: (-3,0), cross at (-3,0)

8a)graph: (8b)graph:

9. (a) 3 test intervals; 2 disjoint intervals in the solution of ( − ∞ ,1 ) ∪ [ 5 , ∞ ) ; it’s equivalent to


− x + 5
solving x −1
≤ 0 . (b) 4 T.I; 2 disjoint intervals in the solution of ( − ∞ , − 2 ) ∪ ( 4 ,5 )

 1
(c)  − ∞ ,  ∪ ( 2 , ∞ ) (d) ( − 3 , 0 ] ∪ ( 3 , ∞ ) (e) ( − ∞, − 5 ) ∪ ( − 2 , 1 ) ∪ { 6 }
 2
 1 98 
10. ( − ∞, 1 ) ∪ ( 1 , ∞ ) 11. (a) (8,6), (b)  ,  , ( − 4 , − 1 ) (c) inconsistent, no solution;
, no.
 5 5
(d) The system is dependent; there are infinitely many solutions of the form
{ x (, y ) −| 3 x + 4 y = 1 } 2 12. 80cc of the 24% and 40 cc of the 60%,

13. 45000 sq feet, 14. boat: 110/3 km/hr; current: 10/3 km/hr.
15. apple: 16; apricot: 64, 16. 15 miles 17. l=8, 2=6, 18. ( − ∞, ∞ ) ,

19.one is the reflection across y-axis, both


passes through the point (0,1). y = 3 x is
increasing, the other is decreasing.

 l n3 3  l n2 0   3 l n6 
20. (a)x= ¾; (b) x=1, 5; (c) x=-4, (e)  , (f) {ln 5}, (g) 
  ; (h)  
 l n2   l n 5 /( 4 )   l n4 
21. (a) . y = 2 x : D: ( − ∞, ∞ ) , R: (0,∞ ) ; HA: y=0, y-int: (0,1), increasing;

32
y = l o 2 gx : D: ( 0 , ∞ ) , R: ( − ∞, ∞ ) ; VA: x=0,x -int: (1,0), increasing.
(b) y = l o 2 gx : same as above; y = l o 2 (g x + 2 ) : D: ( − 2 , ∞ ) , R: ( − ∞, ∞ ) ; VA: x= -2,
x -int: (-1,0), y-int: (0,1), increasing
22. (a) 125=5^3 (b) 2=e^x (c) 1/1000 = 10^(-3)
− 4 = l o 1 g1 6
23. (a)ln 1=0 (b) 2x=log4 (c) (or l o 2 1g =6 4 ) (d) l o 2 gy = x − 1
2

24. (a) . 0=ln1 (b)-1 (c)2 (d) 3 (e) -4

25. (i) D: ( − 1 , ∞ ) , R: ( − ∞, ∞ ) ; VA: x= -1,


x-intercept: x = 1; y-intercept: y=2.
(ii) (1). horizontal shift 1 unit to the left
( 2). Vertical stretch by a factor of 2,
( 3).Reflection across the x-axis,
(4)Vertical shift 2 units up )

26. 1, 27. 20,000 in 8%; 30,000 in the other ,


1 2
28. x= -1, 29. (a)iii (b)i (c)ii, 30. 1 8 mi/hr and 1 mi/hr ,
3 3
31. (i) D: ( − ∞, ∞ ) , R: ( − ∞, 2 ) , HA: y =2,
increasing. (ii) (1) horizontal shift 1 unit to the right
(2) Reflection across the x-axis and then a vertical
shift 2 units up.

 1 ± 4 1 3 3 
32. (a) { ± 1 , ± i } , (b) { − 1 ± 4 i } , (c)   , (d)  ± i
 4  2 2 
1
33. zeros: 2 ± i , ; f ( x ) = ( 2 x − 1 ) x( − 2 + i ) x( − 2 − i ) 34. D: { x ∈ R | x ≠ 0 , ± 2 }
2

Answer--- Review Unit 4:


1. log((32y^2)/(3x^3)
2. 2+(1/2)lnx+(3/2)lny-2lnz
3. (a) 1, (b) x^3, x>0, (c) 2x^2 (d)(1/2)(x^2), ( e,f) Can‘t be simplified.
4. (a) {-1,7} (b) {10/7} (c) {3} (d) {87}
5. 1125, 6. (a)100, (b) 8/ 4 ] (c) 1600 (d) 2 hours
4

7. (a)80 words/min, (b)0, (c) 160, 8. b,c,e and f, 9. (a). 1/ln2, (b) (1/2)log x, (c) 3/2
10. (a).(2000/e^(-2)~270.67 grams, ( b) t=(ln2/0.02)~34.66 days

33
MAC1140 Test 1B Spring 2009

NOTE: Be sure to bubble the answers to questions 1~18 on your scantron.

Part I: 3 points each

1. Solve x − 0 .5 = x +1

a. all real numbers b. no solutions c. 1 d. 0


_____________________________________________________________

2. If a , b and c are real numbers, and a ≥ b , then a + c ≤ b + c .

a. True b. False
_____________________________________________________________

3. If − 1 ≤ x ≤ 1 ,0 then −1 0≥ − x and − x ≥ −1 .

a. True b. False
_____________________________________________________________
4. What must be the values of k for the equation 2 x − 4 x + k = 0 to have two distinct
2

real solutions?

a. k < 0 b. k > 0 c. k > 1 d. k < 2 e. k > 2


_____________________________________________________________

5. −1 0
0=

a. undefined b. 0 c. − 1 d. 1 e. − 1 0 f. 1 0
_____________________________________________________________

3
6. Write without negative exponents: ( 3 x + 4 y ) 2 ( 3 x + 4 y ) − 1 =

1 1
a. b. c. 3x + 4 y d. − 5
(3 x + 4 y )2
3x + 4 y (3 x + 4 y ) 3

−1 + x
−2 −2 y 2

7. x • x + y a. True= b. False
x y2 3

_____________________________________________________________

34
 2 
8. Let A =  0 , π , e , 0 . 3 , − 7 , , 3, 2 , 0 .2 7 1 ⋅3 ⋅ 5 ⋅  .7 How
4 many
 3 
elements in set A are irrational numbers?

a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e. 5
_____________________________________________________________

Part II: 5 points each

3 5
1 1
9. Factor completely: +5x 2
− 1 x0 2
= ( ),
x x
where ( ) =

a. 1 + 5 x 3 − 1 x0 5 b. 1 + 5 x 2 − 1 x0 3 c. 1 + 1 x0 2 − 2 x0 3 d. 1 + 1 x0 2 + 2 x0 3
_____________________________________________________________

 x
10. Find the values of x : − 4 < 3 −  < 1
 5

a. 1 0 < x < 3 5 b. − 3 5 < x < − 1 0


c. − 3 5 > x > − 1 0 d. x < 1 0 or x > 3 5
_____________________________________________________________

4
11. Rationalize the denominator 3 2
9x
3
4 x 4 x 4 3x 43 3x 43 3x 43 3x
a. b. c. d. e. f.
2 7 2 7 3x 3x 9x 9x2

_____________________________________________________________
x=
1 3
12. Solve 3 ( x − 1 ) − 2
+ 2 x ( x − 1)

2
= 0 .

− 2 ± 1 4 − 2 + 1 4 3
a. no real solution d. e. b. 0 c.
5 5 5
_____________________________________________________________

13. Solve for x : x6 −5x3 + 6 = 0 . x =

a. 2 , 3 b. no real solution c. 3 2 d. 3 3 e. 3 2, 3
3
____________________________________________________________

14. Write the expression 3 2 as a single simplified radical

35
a. 2 2 b. 2 3 2 c. 2 4 2 d. 2 4 3 2 ( ) ( )
_____________________________________________________________

3x 9 3
15. Solve the equation: = 2 − , x =
x − 9
2
x − 9 x + 3

a. − 3 b. 0 c. 1 d. 3 e. no solution
_____________________________________________________________

16. Factor completely: 4 x 2


+ 4 x y+ y 2

a. ( 2 x − y ) 2 b. ( 2 x − 2 y ) 2 c. ( 2 x + 2 y ) 2 d. ( 2 x + y ) 2
____________________________________________________________
2 points each

17. Consider the list of mathematical expression below. How many of the expressions
is/are true?
(i) ( 2 + x ) 2 = 4 + x 2 (ii) ( 5 y − 1 ) 02 = 2 ( 5y − 2 ) 2 (iii) 3 7 x = 7 3 x
1 4 + 4x
(iv) 4 = y − 4 + y − 2 (v) 3 x 3 + 2 7= x + 3 (vi) = 4 + x
y + y 2
4

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3 (e) all

18. Factor: 8 z 3 − 2 z7 6

(a) ( 2 z − 3 z 2 ) 4( z 2 + 6 z 3 + 9 z 4 ) (b) ( 2 z − 3 z 2 ) 4( z 2 − 6 z 3 + 9 z 4 )
(c) 2 z − 3 z 2 (d) ( 2 z + 3 z 2 ) 4( z 2 − 6 z 3 + 9 z 4 )
(e) ( 2 z + 3 z 2 ) 4( z 2 − 6 z 3 + 9 z 4 )

MAC 1140 TEST 1B Part III


Spring 2009

Section #_____________ Name_____________________________

UF ID_______________ Signature__________________________

SHOW ALL WORK TO RECEIVE FULL CREDITS---9 points each

x − y
1. Simplify the complex fraction −1 −1 completely into a single fraction with no
x − y
negative exponents.

36
2
2. a. Solve ( x + 1 ) 5
= 1

b. Factor completely 3 x 2
− 7x + 4

3. Solve for x : − 3 − 2x − 7 < − 3

4. The sides of a rectangle is measured as 2” by7” with a possible error of 0.1” in


measurement. Determine the interval containing the possible areas of the rectangle.
(hint: find a and b such that a ≤ A r ≤e b a)

37
MAC1140 Test IIB Spring 2009

NOTE: Be sure to bubble the answers to questions 1 – 16 on your scantron.


Please leave your UF ID on the table for proctors to check.

Part I: 3 points each

1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true?

P. If, when the point ( − 2 , 4 ) is on a graph, the point ( 2 , − 4 ) is also on the graph, then
the graph is symmetric with respect to the y-axis.
Q. If f ( x ) is even and ( 3 , − 1 ) lies on the graph, then ( − 3 , 1 ) must also be on the graph.

a. P is true b. Q is true c. Both are true d. None are true


_______________________________________________________________________

2. Consider the equation y = 3 x + 1 . Which of the following statements is true?

a. The x- intercept of the graph is ( 0 , 1 ) .


b. The point ( − 2 , 5 ) lies on the graph of the equation.
c. The graph of the equation is symmetric with respect to the y- axis.
d. None of the above.
_______________________________________________________________________

3. Which of the following statements is true?

a. Line x + y = 1 ,5 x − y = 9 5 are parallel


b. Line x − y = 1 ,5 2 x + y = 1 0 are
0 perpendicular
c. Line y = − 1 , x = 7 are perpendicular.
______________________________________________________________________

4. Which of the following equations is odd:

1
a. f ( x ) = b. f ( x ) = 3
x c. f ( x ) = x 2
− x
x −1
2

_______________________________________________________________________
_
5. Which of the following statement is not true?

a. g ( x ) = x 3 − x + 1 is odd.
b. The distance from the origin to the midpoint of the segment joining (4, 10) and
( 2 , − 2 ) is 5.
c. The point ( 0 , 1 ) lies on the circle ( x + 2 ) 2 + ( y − 1 ) 2 = 4 .

38
6. Find the equation of the parabola passing through the point ( − 2 , − 1 ) with
vertex ( 1 , − 4 ) , and find the range of the function.

1 1 1
a. y = ( x − 1)2 − 4 b. y = − (x + 2)2 − 4 c. y = (x + 2)2 − 4
3 2 2
R: 4 , ∞ )
[ − R: ( − ∞, −4 ] R: − 4 , ∞ )
[

1 1
d. y = − ( x − 1)2 − 4 e. y = ( x − 1)2 + 4
3 3
R: ( − ∞, − 4 ] R: [ − 4 , ∞ )

Part II: 6 points each

7. Match the graph with its polynomial function.

1 5 9 1
a. y = x − 2x3 + x b. y = − 2 x 3 − 3 x + 1 c. y = − ( x − 2 )2 ( x + 1)
5 5 3
1 9 1
d. y = − x 4 − 2 x 3 + x e. y = (x + 2 3)3(x − 2 3)2
5 5 4

8. Find the average rate of the function f ( x ) = − x 3 + x 2


+ 3 x from x 1 = 1 to
x2 = 2

a. − 1 b.0 c.24 d. 36
_______________________________________________________________________
1
9. If f ( x ) = x + 1 and g is an even function such that g ( − 3 ) = 1 , then
2
( g  f ) 4( ) =

a. − 1 b. 0 c. 1 d. 2

39
______________________________________________________________________
10. Let x be the height and ( 3 −2 2 x ) be the side of a squared based box. Express
the volume V as a function of the height x and find the domain of the function.

a. V = x ( 3 −2 2 x ) 2 , D : ( − ∞, ∞ ) b. V = x ( 3 −2 2 x ) , D :(0 , ∞ )

c. V = x ( 3 −2 2 x ) 2 , D :(0, 6) d. V = x ( 3 −2 2 x ) , D : ( 6 , 1 )6

e. V = x ( 3 −2 2 x ) 2 , D : ( 0 , 1 )6

11. Given y = 2 x 2
− 3 x − 2 . Find all the intercepts of the graph of the equation.

1 1
a. ( 2 , 0 ) (, 0 , − 2 ) b. ( 0 , 2 ) (, − 2 , 0 ) c. ( 2 , 0 ) (, 0 , − 2 ) (, − ,0 ) d. ( 0 , 2 ) ( , − 2 , 0 ) (, 0 , − )
2 2

x +5
12. Given a one-to-one function f ( x ) = .
x − 2
Find f −1
and the range of the function f .

3x −1
a. f −1
(x) = , R f = D f −1 = ( − ∞, − 2 ) ∪ ( − 2 , ∞ )
3x + 6
5 + 2x
b. f − 1 ( x ) = , R f = D f −1 = ( − ∞, 1 ) ∪ ( 1 , ∞ )
x −1
1
c. f − 1 ( x ) = , R f = D f −1 = ( − ∞, 1 ) ∪ ( 1 , ∞ )
1− x

1
13. Let f ( x ) = 2
and g ( x ) = 1 − x . Find the composite function ( f  g ) x( ) and
x
its domain.

3x − 1
a. ( f  g ) x( ) = , D : ( − ∞, − 2 ) ∪ ( − 2 , ∞ )
3x + 6
1
b. ( f  g ) x( ) = , D : ( − ∞, 1 ) ∪ ( 1 , ∞ )
1− x
1
c. ( f  g ) x( ) = , D : ( − ∞, 1 )
1− x

40
14. The price p for a product is dependent upon the demand for the product.
Suppose the demand for the product is x , then the price is p = − x + 1 .6 The
cost is the fixed cost of $ 4 plus
0 $ 2per unit. How many units must be sold to
obtain a maximum profit?

a. 7 units b. 9 units c. 5 units d. 3 units e. 11 units


_______________________________________________________________________
_

2 points each

15. When completing the square of the equation y = 2 x 2


+ 3 x , which of the
following equation must be solved?

2 2
3 3 9 3 3 9
a. 2 ( x − x +   ) −
2
b. 2 ( x + x +   ) +
2

2 2 4 2 2 4
2 2
3 3 9 3 3 9
c. 2 ( x + x +   ) −
2
d. 2 ( x + x +   ) −
2

2 4 8 2 4 1 6

16. Find the vertex, domain and range of the quadratic function y = − ( x − 3 ) 2 + 9

a. vertex ( − 3 , 9 ) b. vertex ( 3 , − 9 )
Domain: [ 0 , ∞ ) Domain: ( − ∞, ∞ )
Range: [ 0 , 9 ] Range: ( − ∞, 9 ]

c. vertex ( 3 , 9 ) d. vertex ( 3 , 9 )
Domain: ( − ∞, ∞ ) Domain: ( − ∞, ∞ )
Range: [ 9 , ∞ ) Range: ( − ∞, 9 ]

MAC1140 TEST 2B Part III Spring 2009


Sect# _____ Name ____________________ UF ID ____________ Signature:

Show all work to receive credits!

1. A ball was thrown upward from the ground with an initial velocity of 64 feet
per second. After t seconds, its height above the ground is given by

h ( t ) = − 1 t 62 + 6 t 4 .

41
(a) After how many second will the ball reach the maximum height? t = ___seconds
(b) What is the maximum height reached by the ball? ____feet
(c) Find all the intercepts of the graph of the equation.
Intercepts :________________________
(d) When will the ball hit the ground?

t = _________ seconds.

(e) Sketch the graph of the equation.


Mark and label the intercepts and the vertex on
the graph.

(f) Use the interval notation to give all


values of t for which the height of
the ball is less than 48 feet.

t :_________________________

2. Sketch the graph of the function y = 2 ( 1 − x ) 2 ( x + 2 ) 2 .

a. The degree of the function: n = _______

b. Leading coefficient a n is: positive or negative (select one)

c. End behavior: Rises on both sides;

Falls on both sides;


(select one)
Rises to the right, falls to the left;

Falls to the right, rises to the left.

d. List all the zeros and the multiplicities of each zero.


Does the graph touch or crosses the x- axis at each of the zeros:

Zeros:_______________________________

Multiplicities:_______________________________

Touch or Cross the x-axis:_________________

e. Find x- and y- intercepts.

x-int:_______________; y-int:__________

42
f. Sketch the graph.
Mark and label all the intercepts on the
graph.

3. i. Use synthetic division to show that both ( x + 2 ) and ( x − 3 ) are factors of


f ( x ) = 6 x 4 − 7 x 3 − 3 x6 2 + 7 x + 6 .

ii. Using (i) to factor f ( x ) completely.

4. Consider the graph of a function:

Identify the parent function:

f ( x ) = ______________

Identify the transformation shown below:


(‘check’ all that apply in the box , and fill in the
units):
Vertical Shift ____ units (up / down) (circle one)

Horizontal Shift ____ units (right / left) (circle one)

Reflect Across the (x-axis / y-axis) (circle one)

Vertical (compress / stretch) (circle one)

Write the equation for the function shown in the graph: ______________________

(Hint: use the given point(s), ( − 5 , 8 ) and/or ( − 2 , − 5 ) to determine the constant


coefficient of the equation)

43
MAC1140 Test IIIA Spring 2009

NOTE: Be sure to bubble the answers to questions 1 – 16 on your scantron.


Please leave your UF ID on the table for proctors to check.

Part I: 3 points each

1. −1 2• 5 − 8 0= 1 0 0

a. True b. False
_____________________________________________________________________

2. i 4 4 • i − 2 0 0
= 9 ____

a. 1 b. − 1 c. i d. − i
_____________________________________________________________________

 1 
3. l o g0  = −3
1
 1 0 0 0

a. True b. False
_____________________________________________________________________

4. For 2 x 2
= 5 x − 4 , how many solutions are there and what type are they?

a. Two rational solutions b. Two irrational solutions


c. One rational solutions d. Two complex solutions
e. No solution

Part II: 5 points each

5. Find the vertical and horizontal asymptotes, if any, for

2 ( x 3 − 5 x 2 ) x( 2 − x − 6 )
R (x) = .
( x 2 − 1 x0 + 2 ) 5 x( 2 + 3 x + 2 )

a. x = − 1 , x = 5 b. x = − 1 , x = 5 , x = − 2 c. x = − 1 , x = 5 , y = 2
d. R ( x ) has no vertical nor horizontal asymptotes.
_____________________________________________________________________
6. Which rational function has vertical asymptotes x = 2 and x = − 2 , and
horizontal asymptote y = 1 ?

x + 3 x 2
x −1 x 3
x2 + 2
a. b. c. d. e.
x2 − 4 x2 − 4 x2 − 4 x2 − 4 x2 + 4

44
___________________________________________________________________

7. Solve the equation e


3x
= 1 2, x 5 = _____

3
a. b. 1 c. l n7 d. l n6 e. l n5
4

8. Which of the following has/have a horizontal asymptote of y = 1 ?


x
f (x) = 2
x −1
1 − x
g(x) =
2 − x
x2
h(x) =
x −1

a. only f b. only g c. only h d. f and g e. h and g

9. Find the domain D, vertical asymptote (VA) and x − intercept of

f ( x ) = l o 3 (g x − 2 )

D: ( 0 , ∞ ) D: ( 0 , ∞ ) D: ( 2 , ∞ )
a. VA: x = 0 b. VA: x = 2 c. VA: x = 2
x − int: ( 1 , 0 ) x − int: ( 3 , 0 ) x − int: ( 3 , 0 )

D: ( 2 , ∞ ) D: ( 0 , ∞ )
d. VA: x = 0 e. VA: x = − 2
x − int: ( 3 , 0 ) x − int: ( − 1 , 0 )

10. Solve the rational inequality


3 4

1 + 2x 3 − x
 1  5   1  5 
a.  − ∞ , −  ∪  , 3  b.  − 1 , −  ∪  ,∞
 2  1 1   2  1 1 

c.  − 1 , −

1  5 
 ∪  ,∞
2  1 1 
( 5 
]
d. − ∞ , − 1 ∪ [ 1 , 3 )
e.  , ∞ 
1 1 
____________________________________________________________________

45
6i − 1
11. Write the complex number in standard form: .
3 + i3

9 1 7 9 1 7 9 1 7
a. − + i b. − + i c. − i
4 4 1 0 1 0 4 4

9 1 7 9 1 7
d. − i e. − − i
8 8 8 8
____________________________________________________________________

12. Which function below best matches the given graph?

a. f ( x ) = − e x − 1 − 2 b. f ( x ) = l n x +( 1 ) − 1 c. f ( x ) = l n x −( 1 ) − 2
d. f ( x ) = e x − 2 − 3 e. f ( x ) = l n x −( 2 ) − 3

x 2
− x − 6
13. Find the domain of the equation f ( x ) = .
x2 + 2

a. ( − ∞, − 2 ) ∪ ( 3 , ∞ ) b. ( − ∞, − 2 ] ∪ [ 3 , ∞ )
c. ( − ∞, − 1 ) ∪ ( 4 , ∞ ) d. ( − ∞, − 1 ] ∪ [ 4 , ∞ )

14. A fishing boat is traveling on a river to the next town which is 24 miles away.
The trip upstream takes 2 hours, but the return trip, traveling downstream, takes
only 1 hour. Find the speed of the boat and the current of the river, assuming both
are constant for the trip. Solve using a system of equations and the following table.
Rate(mph) Time(hours) Distance(miles)
Upstream

Downstream
a. speed of boat: 21mph, speed of current: 56 mph
b. speed of boat: 8 mph, speed of current: 6 mph

46
c. speed of boat: 21mph, speed of current: 3mph
d. speed of boat: 18 mph, speed of current: 4mph
e. speed of boat: 18 mph, speed of current: 6 mph

2 points each

y = 2x
15. Solve  (check your solution)
y = 4 − x

a. no solution b. ( 2 , 2 ) c. ( 8 , 4 ) d. ( 2 , 2 ) , ( 8 , − 4 )

16. Which statement(s) is/are TRUE?

P. A graph of a rational function can cross its horizontal asymptote.


Q. A graph of a rational function can cross its vertical asymptote.
1
R. A rational must have a vertical asymptote. (hint: consider y = )
x2 +1

a. P only b. Q only c. R only d. P and Q only e. Q and R only


_____________________________________________________________________

MAC1140, TEST 3A Part III Spring 2009


Sect# _____ Name ____________________ UF ID ____________ Signature:______

Show all work to receive credits! (38 points)

( x − 2 ) x( 2 − 4 x + 3 )
1. (15 points) Let f ( x ) = .
( x 2 − 6 x + 8 ) x( + 1 )

(i) Find the following (if none, write “none”):

(a) Domain of f ( x ) : x ≠ __________________________ (show work)


(b) The equation of each vertical asymptote: VA: _______________________

(c) The equation of the horizontal asymptote: HA: _______________________

(d) Does the graph f ( x ) cross its horizontal asymptote? (yes/no)_____________


If so, it crosses at x = ____________________ (show work)

(e) The x − intercept(s), if any. x − intercept(s):_______________


(f) The y − intercept(s), if any. y − intercept(s):_______________

47
(g) The coordinates of any hole in the graph, if any. Hole: __________________
(show work)

(h) Use the zeros of the numerator and denominator to divide the x − axis into
test intervals. Sketch the test intervals and determine if the graph is above or
below the x − axis on each interval by indicating each interval with a ‘+’ or ‘-‘.

test intervals:
______________________________________________________

(ii) Use the information from part (i) to sketch the graph of f ( x ) . Mark and
label the asymptote(s) and mark and label the points obtained from ‘d’~’g’ on
the graph. Plot at least 2 other necessary points to support your graph.

(iii) Use the graph to determine all values


of x for which the graph of f ( x ) lies
below its horizontal asymptote.

Express your answer in interval notation.

x : _______________________

3x +5
2. (7 points) Solve the rational inequality ≥ 1 .
x −1
Write your answer in interval notation. (show work).

Domain: x ≠ ________________________

Critical numbers: __________________


Sketch of the test intervals analysis:____________________________

48
Solution: ________________________

3. (8 points) A store sells nuts for $4.80 per pound and candies for $7.20 per pound.
How many pounds of each must the manager mix together to get 40 pounds of a
mixture that will sell for $6.72 per pound?

Amount Price per pound Total


(lb) ($/lb) ($)
Nuts
Candies
Mixture

Nuts: ______________ pounds, Candies: __________________ pounds.

4. (8 points) Let f ( x ) = 2 − e − x + 1 .
Describe all the transformations (in correct
order) that should be applied to the
graph of g ( x ) = e − x in order to obtain the
graph of f ( x ) .
Sketch the graph of f ( x ) , the asymptote,
and the y − intercept (leave it in terms
of ‘ e ’) on the graph.

Transformations:

Domain: ______________
Range: _____________

Asymptote: __________________, f ( x ) is increasing or decreasing:________________

Sample test4 and sample final exam are available only in hard copies.

49
MAC 1140 Exam Answers

Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 Final


1 B D B A D 31. B
2 B B D A B 32. B
3 B C A B B 33. A
4 D B D A D 34. A
5 C A A B C 35. B
6 C A B A A
7 B C E B C
8 E A B A B
9 B C C B A
10 A E A A D
11 D C B C D
12 A B C C C
13 E C B D A
14 C A E D D
15 E C B B C
16 D D A D A
17 B C D
18 A B B
19 A A
20 C B
21 D C
22 D
23 A
24 C
25 A
26 C
27 B
28 D
29 A
30 B

Answers, (tearoff sheets):

Test 1

1) − x y 2) (a) x = 0 , x = − 2 (b) ( x − 1 ) 3( x − 4 )
3) − 7
2 < x < 1
2 4) 1 . 13 ≤1 A r ≤e 1 a . 94 1

50
Test 2

1) (a) 2 (b) 64 (c) (0,0), (4,0) (d) 4 (e) [


(f) 0 , 1 ) ∪ ( 3 , 4 ]

2) (a) 4 (b)positive (c) rises on both sides (d) 3


(e) x = 1 ( 2 , t o u )c , xh = e− 2 s( 2 , t o u )c (f) e s ( 1 , 0 ) (, − 2 , 0 ) y-int: ( 0 , 8 )
h x-int:
(g)

3) ( x + 2 ) x( − 3 ) 2( x − 1 ) 3( x + 1 )
1 3
4) f ( x ) = x , vertical shift 5 down; horizontal 2 left; vertical stretch y = x + 2 − 5
3
Test 3

1) (i) (a) − 1 , 2 , 4 (b) x = 4 , x = − 1 (c) y = 1 (d) yes, 7


(e) x-int: ( 1 , 0 ) (, 3 , 0 )
(f) y-int: ( 0 , − 43 ) (g) ( 2 , 16 ) (h)

(iii) ( − 1 , 4 ) ∪ ( 7 , ∞ )
y

(ii) 5

−5 −4 −3 −2 −1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

−1

−2

−3

−4

−5

2 Domain: x ≠ 1 , critical numbers: x = 1 , − 3 ,


test interval: Solution: ( − ∞ , − 3 ∪ ( 1 , ∞ ] )

3. Nuts: 8; Candies: 32 4. Domain: ( − ∞ , ∞ ) Range: ( − ∞ , 2 ) Asymp: y = 2 , ↑


y

−5 −4 −3 −2 −1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

−1

−2

−3

−4

−5

51
Test 4
x x
1. (a) f ( g ( x ) )= f ( e − 2 ) = l n e ( − 2 + 2 ) = x and
g ( f ( x ) )= g ( l nx + ( 2 ) )= e l n x +( 2 ) − 2 = x

(b)

2. (1) D f = { x | x ≠ 1 , 3 } , (2) x = 1 , (3) y = 2 , (4) x = − 1


2 , (5) y = − 1 ,
(6) y = 7 2 , (7)

3.

4. (a) h = 0 , D ( 0 ) = 5 , (b) h = 2 . 5 , D ( 2 . 5 ) = 5
e ~ 2 , (c) decreasing
y

−4 −3 −2 −1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

−1

−2

−3

−4

52