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Recycling is the process of making or manufacturing new products from a product that has
originally served its purpose. If these used products are disposed of in an appropriate,
environmentally friendly way, the process of recycling has been set in motion.
Recycling has a lot of benefits that can help people and save the environment as well. Its
importance can be observed in many different ways. Here are some great reasons why recycling
is important:

Recycling different products will help the environment. For example, we know that paper comes
from trees and many trees are being cut down just to produce paper. By recycling it, we can help
lessen the number of trees that are cut down. Products made from raw materials that came from
our natural resources should be recycled so that we can help preserve the environment.

It takes less energy to process recycled materials than to process virgin materials. For example,
it takes a lot less energy to recycle paper than to create new paper from trees. The energy from
transporting virgin materials from the source is also saved. Saving energy also has its own
benefits like decreasing pollution. This creates less stress on own health and our economy.



By saving energy in industrial production through recycling, the greenhouse gas emissions from
factories and industrial plants are lessened and the use of fuels that emit harmful gasses during
production is also minimized. Recycling non-biodegradable waste (rather then burning it) will
contribute a lot to help reduce air pollution and greenhouse gasses that depletes the ozone layer.


Landfills are mostly composed of non-biodegradable waste which takes long time to decompose.
By recycling, we can lessen the waste materials that are placed into landfills and we are able to
make the most out of these materials. If we don¶t recycle, more and more garbage will go to
landfills until they all get filled up. If that happens, where will th e rubbish be placed? How would
you like a land fill in you backyard?

There are many companies out there that help reduce the problem of overfilling landfills by
offering options (like ink cartridges) that make sense. When consumers seek out companies that
have established green practices, like Π, the consumer wins by not only helping the
environment but also by saving money.

Recycling provides ways to save money. You can sell recyclable materials to organizations that
are willing to buy it. Using products that are recycled lessens expenses. Products that are made
from recycled materials are less expensive than products made from fresh materials.

At home, you can recycle biodegradable waste like eggshells, vegetable and fruit peelings and
use them to fertilize plants. By doing a little research and getting creative you can save money
and trips to the market while being kind to the planet.

As the population of the world increases recycling is becoming increasingly more important. Our
technologically advanced societies are creating more and products and packaging that look good
and are indestructible, but can take centuries to break down.

In order to combat the rise of factors that are produced by non-environmentally conscious groups,
it is up to the growing numbers of individuals and companies that want to inhabit a healthier
planet to make a difference.



The usefulness of metals like steel, copper, and aluminum was discovered thousands of years
ago. Their properties and characteristics like strength, durability, malleability, and conductivity
are of primary importance in a wide
range of products today.

From fasteners, jewelry (see the

pendant in the picture to the left
made from recycled metal and
plastic), cutting tools, structural
elements of our biggest buildings
and infrastructure to transportation
and electronics metals are essential
in the manufacture of these items.

 Surf Jewelsë

However, metals are precious

natural resources of the Earth.

Metal deposits are non-renewable

resources that will run out if
exploited at the present rate.

The importance of recycling the metal that is part of the municipal waste stream cannot be
emphasized enough.

Metals can be recycled without losing any of their important properties. Inefficient recovery of
metals from industrial and consumer waste increases the pressure on the non-renewable
resources of the Earth from which they are extracted.

The dumping of metal also has a large impact on the environment because of the dispersal of
metallic particles in the ecosystem. Recycling and recovering metals from the waste stream is
vital in the protection of valuable resources and of the environment.


Recycling metals especially effective because they can be recycled almost indefinitely, thereby
making extremely friendly to the environment. Metals are different from polymer plastics in that
their properties can be restored fully whatever physical or chemical form they are in, although
sometimes the process is costly and difficult.

The success of recovered metal markets is dependent upon the cost of retrieving and processing.
These are the metals most commonly recycled and are highly valued.

-the production of aluminum from the raw ore needs large quantities of energy. The
process to free aluminum from alumina, which is the raw ore, is quite complex. Recycling
aluminumuses only 5 percent of the energy and produces only 5 percent of CO2 emissions when
compared to with production of virgin metal.

This also reduces the amount of waste going to the landfill. A recycled aluminum can save
enough energy to run a television set for three hours. Recycling 1kg of aluminum saves up to 6kg
of bauxite, 4kg of chemical products and 14 kWh of electricity.

-is also derived from an ore that has to be mined from non-renewable resources of the
Earth. Iron ore is common and is quite plentiful but in that form it is usually combined with oxygen
or other elements like sulphur or carbon. Large amounts of energy are again needed to produce
the pig iron from the ore.

Over 11 million tons of iron and steel scrap are produced each year of this amount 70 percent is
recovered. Of the remaining quantity 2/3 is land filled. Each ton of steel recycled can save 1.5
tons of iron ore, .5 tons of coal, 40 % of the water used in production, 75 % of the energy needed
to make steel from the raw material, 1.28 tons of solid waste, reduction in air emission 86 %, and
reduction of water pollution by 76 %.


Copper, nickel, brass, lead, gold, silver, etc. can all be recycled. Since these metals are all quite
valuable only a smaller quantity is in circulation. The recovery of these metals is sometimes
ignored especially when they are used in households and these items are disposed of by the


Recycling, in its literal meaning, is the procedure of making used or unwanted products in into
new remanufactured products.

The procedure of recycling is unique in the sense that the products are recycled in such a way
that the materials that are left after the remanufacturing are considered essential.

When educating oneself on the process of recycling it helps to remember that most materials can
be recycled but certain products (i.e. cell phones and old computers) provide more of a challenge
to remanufacture. In this case, the re-making or the reusable materials become much inefficient.

On the other hand, products such as, paper, plastic, glass, tin and some other textiles are all
relatively easy for processing and thus the recycling process becomes highly efficient.

Easily recyclable items share organic materials just as certain foods and plants do. The
procedure that is used in the case of food and plants is known as the composting rather than the


The purpose for the recycling is important for a number of reasons. One of the most obvious
reasons lies in reducing the amount of natural resources that are consumed for every new
product. Since recycling is conserving energy the process produces a smaller carbon footprint,
therebyhelping the environment.

The recycling process also prevents water as well as air pollution while forbidding the garbage
build up accompanied by landfill proliferation. Since materials are brought to a recycling facility
they do not wind up in areas that do not have a place for them.

Further, if the procedure of recycling happens to be a perfectly efficient process then one would
be able to convert all old wasted products into similar amount of the same product.

Though, there would be an energy expenditure this expenditure is used while processing
recycled materials that can raise the cost of manufacturing of certain goods to a higher level.

These criticisms are often specifically targeted on state mandated recycling initiatives. However,
even if the cost of production is higher it may be justified due to the cost of maintaining the
product in a landfill after it is used.


Salvage is another form of recycling, in which valuable substances or components of a used

product are reclaimed without actually reusing the rest of the product. This is done with the lead
found in batteries, as well as the gold parts that are found in computer chips.

These products are all produced from real pieces of the natural earth, quarried, cut and refined
into a series of elegant and sophisticated home accessories.



This symbol and variations of recycling is used to designate recyclable materials. It is composed
of       that form 
. This symbol is not a trademark. It is in
the public domain and can therefore be
used by anybody.

Sometimes though, local law may limit the

use of this symbol in product labeling when
it¶s used to mislead consumers as to the
nature of these products.

ë by

The universal recycling symbol is O


. The three chasing arrows

of the recycling symbol signify the   
Steps? You mean there¶s more to recycling
than just dropping of the items at the
curbside recycling center?

Of course there¶s more to recycling than

just dropping your recyclable trash at the

 and  is just the

first step.


on -

The second step is the    of

these materials into     
. The third step is of course the
action that closes the loop. This is
Without this crucial third step the cycle is
The concept and origin of the three arrows
of recycling can be traced back to Ñ

when the    was
observed and a contest was held. The
contest was sponsored by the Π 
Π$RIt was
announced to environmentally aware art
students and they were asked to create a
design symbolizing the paper
recycling process.



The winning entry was to be used

to     O   

This campaign was also designed to make
the public aware that recycling paper was
effective and additionally would conserve
natural resources tremendously.

CCA was promoting the idea to the public that paper was prime material for recycling and that
recycling was an excellent way to promote environmental health.

Over 500 talented artists and art students

submitted their entries to be decided on by
a distinguished panel of judges at the
International Design Conference at Aspen,
Colorado. The theme of the conference
was ³    ´.

ëThe picture to the left is from


½   Ñ , a graduate student

at the University of Southern California in
Los Angeles took first prize, second place
went to Mike Norcia of New York, and
Janet McElmurry of the University of
Georgia took third. Twenty other Awards of
Excellence were also presented.

Anderson drew the symbol completely by hand using pen and ink. At the time computer graphics
was a largely experimental field and no one had personal computers then.

During this time graphic design was largely limited to arrangements of alpha-numeric characters.
Anderson admitted that he had been thinking about this design for some time and had
experimented with variations and other configurations. Anderson worked out his series of
designs over a period of two to three days.

Since that time that Gary Dean Anderson won first prize, many variations of the recycling symbol
(some shown on this page) have been designed and used to inspire people across the world to
get educated about why recycling is important.

  ½ 


Living green means to reduce your impact on environment by living an eco-friendly life style. In
other words, living an eco-friendly, sustainable life is the best practice we can undertake to save
our planet. It requires some sacrifice and positive actions on our part. But going green all at once
is almost an impossible task for anyone.

The right way to do it is by taking a pledge to make a new healthy change every month. If you do
that for just a year, you¶ll be amazed at your contribution towards cleaner and greener
environment and set an example for others to follow.

"   %&

The key elements for green living are: Rethink, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. How these
fundamental rules can help you in saving Mother Nature is explained below:

‡   O: Awareness is the foremost step in this concern. So before buying any product
carefully analyze it is. When we stop buying products that are harmful for environment, how
green companies will stop manufacturing them.

‡   : There are many things which can be reused instead of being thrown away. So, before
you decide to throw something away, think carefully how it can be reused. It can greatly help in
decreasing precious landfill spaces. Reusing a plastic bag or turning over a piece of printing
paper and printing on the other side makes a big difference to our environment. Eventually, every
small change will go on to make a big impact.

‡   : Reduce your consumption of water, electricity and gasoline to whatever extent
possible. Avoid unnecessary wastage of these resources. You should strive hard to utilize
renewable sources of energy instead of overburdening depleting natural resources.

: Lastly, recycle as much as possible. The recycling process helps conserve raw
materials and energy that manufacturers would otherwise use in producing new products. It also
helps lessen the pollution that may result from waste disposal. Recycling keeps plastics and
glass out of our landfills. Plastics and PET can take over 400 years to biodegrade and glass can
take up to one million years.

By following these basic rules you can not only benefit the environment but also save money in
some cases.

Some daily good habits that you can cultivate to reduce your environmental impact in the home,
at work and in business are given as under:

‡ Start by purchasing organic (naturally grown) fruits and vegetables. As no pesticides are used
in growing them so they are better for the environment. Nonetheless, always support your local
farmers. Also decrease your meat consumption

‡ Cut down on fuel usage. Try walking short distances instead of taking your car. Consider
carpooling or taking public transportation systems, such as buses or trains whenever you can.
This can help to reduce air pollution to a great extent. And if you need to purchase a new vehicle
consider getting a green one.

‡ Recycle household items. Give away or donate old clothes and items. Also use rechargeable
‡ Composting is another excellent green practice. Use compost instead of buying fertilizers from

‡ Use your own canvas bag every time you go for grocery shopping. Do not accept the plastic or
paper bags that the store offers.

‡ Investing in water-saving showerheads can help you conserve water and simultaneously
reduce you water bill. You can find these low-flow types online or at environmental friendly
product stores.

‡ Consider buying things in bulk. It saves you money and requires less packaging materials.

‡ Save energy by installing a programmable thermostat to heat and air condition your home. Use
light bulbs that are Energy Star CFL.

‡ Pure soap is biodegradable and breaks down completely. Choose a soap that is pure. Avoid
soaps with synthetic scents or colors.

Though there are countless other ways to help protect the environment, you can start by
undertaking above mentioned tips and make earth a better place to live.


Green living and recycling go hand in hand. The recycling process refers to turning of product
waste into valuable resources. It can effectively help to generate
financial, ecological, environmental and societal benefits.

If one wants to lead an eco-friendly lifestyle then he/she must understand the importance of
recycling in the environmental sustainability. In fact, the principle of green living is based on 4R¶s:
Rethink, Reduce, Recycle and Reuse.



As the population worldwide is increasing at a steady pace, the major hindrance in the way of
green living is the tremendous amount of waste produced in homes, companies and industries to
meet the needs of this rising population. Trash comes from many sources. In addition to bottles,
boxes, cans, paper, and yard waste, consumers discard several million tons of tires as well as
appliances, furniture, and clothing each year.

Packaging waste, including glass, aluminum, plastics, metals, and paperboard contribute
significantly to annual waste totals, along with yard trimmings. Some wastes can even possibly
have devastating effects on environment as well as humans, for e.g. batteries. They are very
dangerous in landfills, because they contain toxic metals that leach out and get into ground water,
and eventually into our drinking water.



Fortunately, many items we no longer need can be recycled and/or reused rather than simply
thrown out as trash. Recycling involves taking materials that would normally be discarded as
waste and giving them a new life. In some communities, recyclables can be placed in special
containers for curbside pickup, while others have drop-off centres or use deposit/refund centers
to help encourage residents to not throw away recyclables.

By taking the time to recycle, not only will our need for landfills and incineration be reduced, but
we will also be helping to conserve national resources such as timber, water, and minerals,
sustaining the environment for future generations.


 c &" 

Green living involves recycling, but many people forget that recycling can mean something as
simple as consuming a piece of fruit plucked off a nearby tree for lunch. Fruit has no packaging,
was not shipped processed or sprayed, and returns a biodegradable core or seeds to the earth.

Food consumption is a major green living factor, since consumer habits are steeped in packaging,
processing, and mass produced industrial components. The mass industrial production and toxic
chemicals used in many fast food supply chains is astonishing.



To brief up, here are some big reasons why recycling is important:

‡ Helps protect manufacturing jobs and increases competitiveness in the global marketplace

‡ Reduces need for incineration and landfill space

‡ Saves energy and prevents pollution

‡ Decreases greenhouse gas emission that contributes to global warming

‡ Can help sustain the environment for future generations

‡ Conserves natural resources

A small effort to recycle can generate large returns for the environment, the economy and your
community. Depending on the products you recycle, you might be even able to earn some
money in return for your recycling efforts (aluminum and steel are sometimes purchased by
scrap yards). Knowing the reasons why recycling is important and appreciating its benefits
makes it easier to put recycling into practice.

Green living takes hold when buying habits, consumption habits, and waste handling habits
change. One can only change these habits if he/she acknowledges the importance of recycling in
green living.