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SEMESTER 1 CHAPTER 2

Communicating over the Network


V 4.0

2.0.1 What are the five aspects of


the information network we Devices, media, data, rules, tools
will focus on in this course?

2.1.1 What are the three


elements of
communication? Sender, channel, receiver

What is the definition of the


term network for this
course? Networks that carry data/messages

2.1.2 What would happen to the


network if a message was It would clog up the pathways, and if any one
sent as one massive device along the way were to fail the entire
continuous stream of bits? message would be lost and need to be resent
in its entirety
Define segmentation of Divide the message into smaller more
messages manageable pieces

What are the 2 advantages Reliability and multiplexing


of segmentation?

What is multiplexing? To send messages from multiple sources


along the same channels

2.1.3 What is hardware on a Computers, VoIP phones, switches, routers,


network? cabling

2.1.4 What are end devices on a computers, VoIP phones, webcams, PDAs
network?

What is the definition of a An end device


host?

What is the definition of a hosts with software allowing it to run services


server? and or provide info

What is the definition of a Host with software allowing them to access


client? servers and display the data

2.1.5 List examples of Routers, switches, hubs, modems


intermediary devices.

List examples of process Direct and redirect the flow of data, notify of
that intermediary devices the loss of data, regenerate data, permit data
perform. based on securities set

2.1.6 What are the 3 primary Metal cable, fiber optic, wireless (radio waves)
types of media used in
modern networks?

What criteria should be Distance, speeds and amounts of data


used to select network transmitted, location, cost
media?

2.2.1 What are the ways in which Size of area, number of users, and type of
network infrastructure can service
vary?

What is the definition of a Local area network


LAN?

2.2.2 What is the definition of a Wide area network


WAN?
2.2.3 What is an internetwork? A public network of networks

What is an intranetwork? A private network of networks

2.2.4. Define a NIC Network interface card


1

Define a physical port A physical outlet where you connect a device


via a type of media (e.g. cat5)

Define an interface A specialized physical port on a network


device used to connect to a network

2.3.1 What are the 3 layers of Physical, rules, content


protocols described?

2.3.2 What process do Rules on how to communicate a message.


networking layer protocol What type of message it is. What to do if there
suites describe? is an error and how to notify the other devices.
How to start and end message transfers.

What is proprietary? Means a company controls how the protocol


works and can lend them to other companies
2.3.3 What does the use of A set of rules that everyone can follow and
standards and protocols know their product will work successfully with
provide? other companies products

2.3.4 What is an application http


protocol?

What is a Transport tcp


Protocol?

What is the Internetwork ip


Protocol

What is the Network Access ethernet


Protocol?
2.3.5 What do networking
protocols describe? Things that happen during network
communication

2.4.1 What are the benefits of


using a layered model to Helps in the design and understanding of the
describe networking? network for multiple people/companies that
may be involved in setting up or adding to a
network

2.4.2 What are the two basic Protocol and reference


types of networking
models?

What are the two primary


models used when TCP/IP and OSI
describing networking?

2.4.3 What is done at the Encoding data to the user


Application Layer?

What is done at the Support of communication between devices


Transport Layer?

What is done at the Internet Determination of the best path for the data to
Layer? be sent

What is done at the Network Converts the data into 1s and 0s to be


Access Layer? physically transmitted across the network

2.4.4 What are the seven steps in 1. Creation of the data


a complete communication 2. Segmentation and encapsulation of the
process? data
3. Conversion of the data onto the media
to be transmitted along
4. Transportation of the data
5. Reception of the data
6. Reassembly of the data
7. Transfer of the data to the application
layer for the end device/user

2.4.5 What is the PDU for the


application layer? data

What is the Transport Layer


PDU? segment

What is the PDU for the


Internet Layer? packet

What is the PDU for the frame


Network Access Layer?

What PDU is used when


physically transporting the Bits (1’s and 0’s)
information over the
medium?

2.4.6. How is the protocol stack


1 processed when sending It is encapsulated
information?

2.4.6. What is the process use at It is decapsulated


2 the receiving end called?

2.4.7 What are the seven layers Physical, data, network, transport, session,
of the OSI Model? presentation, application

2.4.8 Which Layers of the OSI Network and transport


Model parallel with the
TCP/IP Model?

2.5.1 What does the physical


layer do? Organizes bits

What addresses does the


data link layer use? Physical

What address does the Logical


network layer use?
What does the transport
layer use? ports

What do the upper layers


use? Application data

2.5.2 What is the PDU for Layer 2


called frame

What is the layer 2 address


called? MAC

What happens after the


frame has reached its’ The layer 2 address is removed as the data is
destination? moved up the protocol stack

2.5.3 What are layer 3 devices


primarily designed for? Transport data across an internetwork

What address is used at


Layer 3? IP

What is the PDU of the


Layer 3 information? network

Which device decapsulates


the frame at the edge of a router
network?

What does a router do?


Decapsulates the frame to determines
destination and the best path for the data to
take to reach its destination and encapsulates
the data in a new frame

What happens when the


frame reaches the end The frame is removed and the data is moved
device? up to layer 4

2.5.4 What does the information


in the frame provide at Determines what services will handle the data
Layer 4? received

How is each application or


service represented at Port number
Layer 4?