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I. Put each verb in brackets into an appropriate tense.

Farmers, as we all (1) ……………..(know), (2) ………………..(have) a


hard time of it in Britain lately, and (3)………………(turn) to new ways
of earning income from their land. This (4) …………………..(involve)
not only planting new kinds of crops, but some strange ways of
making money, the most unusual of which has got to be sheep racing.
Yes, you (5)…………………(hear) me correctly! A farmer in the West of
England now (6) ……………….(hold) sheep races on a regular basis,
and during the past year over 100 000 people (7) ……………….(turn
up) to watch the proceedings. ‘I (8) ………………..(pass) the farm on
my way to the sea for a holiday,’ one punter told me, ‘and I (9)
…………………(think) I’d have a loo. I (10) ………………..(not believe) it
was serious, to tell you the truth.’ According to a regular visitor,
betting on sheep is more interesting than betting on horses. ‘At proper
horse races everyone (11) ………………(already study) the form of the
horses in advance, and there are clear favourites. But nobody (12)
……..……………..(hear) anything about these sheep! Most people (13)
……………………(find) it difficult to tell one from another in any case.’ I
(14) ……………………..(stay) to watch the races, and I must admit that I
(15) ………………….(find) it quite exciting. In a typical race, half a
dozen sheep (16) ………………….(race) downhill over a course of about
a half a mile. Food (17) …………………..(wait) for them at the end of
the track, I ought to add! The sheep (18)……………….(run) surprisingly
fast, although presumably they (19) ……………. (not eat) for a while
just to give them some motivation. At any rate, the crowd around me
(20) ………………(obviously enjoy) their day out at the races, judging by their happy
faces and the sense of excitement.

II. Complete each sentence with a word made from the word in
capitals
1. The meeting adopted a …………calling for Smith to resign
(RESOLVE)
2. You look rather………….Are you worried about something?(OCCUPY)
3. My ankle is really…………and I can’t walk easily.(SWELL)
4. The pain became…………..during the night so I called the doctor.
(ENDURE)
5. Visitors complained about the …………..in the old museum.
(ORGANISE)
6. Mr. Maxdell stated that the ………….against him were unfounded.
(ALLEGE)
7. In big bold letters the sign read: All ………..must be paid for
(BREAK)
8. The new law is believed to act as a ………...to potential criminals.
(DETER)
9. I was out of my ………..They started talking about philosophy and I
didn’t understand a thing. (DEEP)
10. He was forced to stand down following a number of
…………..about his private life in the press. (REVEAL)

III.For each of the sentences below, write a new sentence as


similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, but
using the words given in block letters. The words must not
be altered in any way.
1. I shouldn’t have been so rude to her. (RUDE)
I shouldn’t
………………………....................................................................
2. What is the President’s position with regard to nuclear weapons?
(STANCE)
What is ………………………………………………………………………..
3. We would appreciate it if passengers did not use their mobile
phones during take-off. (REFRAIN)
We would kindly remind……………………………………………………..
4. I agree he ought to know but don’t you think telling him will only
make the situation worse (DO)
I agree he ought to know but telling him will
………………………………………?
5. The new pills will be available for people to buy as from May 3rd.
(MARKET)
The new pills …………………………………………………………………

IV. In most lines of this text there is one unnecessary word.


It is either incorrect grammatically, or does not fit the sense
of the text. For each line write the unnecessary word in the
space beside the text. Tick each correct line.
A study into family of health conducted in California 0 of
comes 0 v
up with some interesting conclusions, though these 0 so
might not be 1
acceptable to everybody. The main conclusion is so 2
that for a 3
family to remain healthy, both the relationship 4
between husband 5
and wife plays a major role. The family perhaps 6
surprising 7
aspect of this research, however, is that statistically 8
the 9
heathy family is as optimistic, church-going, and led by 10
a 11
traditional male. And perhaps not so much surprisingly, 12
what 13
promotes the health of the husband and does not 14
necessarily 15
promote the health of the wife too, and vice versa. For 16
example, when it comes to express emotions, thus it is 17
generally assumed that giving up an outlet to feelings 18
is healthy. 19
But according to the study, there may be benefits for 20
one party 21
but not for the other. If the wife talks to more than the
husband
does in these situations and gives him feelings of guilt,
then he is likely to become a depressed, whereas if the
wife lets the
husband dominate on the argument, then she in turn
will be the
One of whose mental state will suffer. The study also
found that
when men dominate in the domestic arguments, they
often end up
trying to avoid from the real issue, or become silent
and
withdrawn. This has the effect of making the wife feel
anxious
and depressed. As a person’s mental state there is
closely linked
to their physical as well being, it is clear that the
dynamics of
family relationship help to determine health in
general.

V. Choose the most suitable word for each space.


In most capital cities, which were built (1) ……………………..before the
heyday of the private car, there is rarely enough (2)
………………………for moving traffic, and certainly not enough for
parked (3) …………………….Buses move slowly because of the volume
of (4) …………………thus encouraging more commuters to abandon
public (5) …………………….Banning traffic from some areas may help.
But such a (6) …………………..may not actually diminish the number of
cars coming into the city. What has happened in effect is that the (7)
…………………of the private car have become the number one priority,
and the older functions of the city centre as meeting (8)
…………….and focus for social life have been lost. The new city cannot
(9) ..…………... without a series of ring roads. Giant car parks are its
new palaces and cathedrals. During the working hours of the day,
there is the constant (10) ………….. of traffic, but at night the centre
is almost empty, apart from a few homeless in doorways. Most people
have (11)……………..back to the suburbs, and very few of those who
live in the centre is almost empty, apart from a few homeless in
doorways. Most people have (11) ……………..back to the suburbs, and
very few of those who live in the centre have cars, for often there is
nowhere to park them. The old city, with its narrow streets, may still
retain a lively (12) …………….but that may be because it exists as an island, where
no cars are (13) ………………..Unless the local authorities have not yet plucked up the
courage to (14) …………….most traffic from the streets, in which case the city centre is
(15) ………………by day, and a gigantic car park by night.
1. A. far B. long C. much D.
even
2. A. area B. roads C. space D.speed
3. A. vehicles B. pedestrians C. drivers D.
areas
4. A. this B. noise C. congestion D. traffic
5. A. means B. transport C. order D.
restrictions
6. A. area B. issue C. solution D. way
7. A. numbers B. needs C. car parks
D. uses
8. A. people B. others C. place D. this
9. A. build B. survive C. plan D. construct
10. A. din B. amount C. parking
D. filling
11. A. parked B. left C. commuted
D. got
12. A. activity B. role C. air
D. population
13. A. going B. permitted C. banned
D. entering
14. A. leave B. direct C. ban D.
regulate
15. A. surrounded B. sparse C. congested
D. deserted

VI. Put one word in each space


Very few popular spectator sports today remain amateur in (1)
…………….. sense. In the past, even in cases (2) ………….payments
to players or athletes was forbidden, many sports tolerated (3)
…………..became known as ‘shamateurism’. This (4) ……………that
payments were made in the (5) …………….of expenses, or in some extreme cases,
simply made illegally. More (6) ……………sport has become, in effect, a branch of the
entertainment and advertising industry, and the top performers in sports (7) ……………
as golf, tennis, football and track athletics can expect to become very rich. (8)
……………...in itself worries some people. Where is the old Olympic ideal, they say,
and hasn’t the urge to win been transformed into mere greed for money? But (9) ……….
Fact is that sport has become more and more professional in the wider sense, (10) ……..
only requiring total dedication from aspiring champions, (11) …………..also requiring
expensive facilitites, training and medical advice. (12) …………….is just no longer
possible (13) ……………..combine a career in sport with a career elsewhere. And
besides, many would argue that top champions deserve large prizes. After all, (14)
…………. shouldn’t they be adequately rewarded for reaching the top of their
profession? Perhaps most criticism is levelled (15) ……………two abuses: (16) ………
taking of performance-enhancing drugs, and the sheer lack of entertainment in many
team games, (17) …………….the need to win has effectively stifled all sense of flair.
Both, (18) ………………a sense, are forms of cheating, and both are difficult to define.
(19) …………….every banned substance, there is another legal one which can also be
said to be a ‘drug’; and where is the dividing line (20) ……………..negative tactics and
clever strategies.
VII.
VIII. Writing:
Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation
different from your parents’ generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain
your answer.