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FAQ: Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems. Dr. Sergei Ostroumov; last modified on Apr 8,
purification_of_Aquatic_Ecosystems; FAQ on the paper:

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory. -

Doklady Biological Sciences. 2004. v.396, pp.206-211.; full text is online free:

self-purification, aquatic, ecosystems, conceptualization, new, ecology, environmental science, biology,

ecotoxicology, biogeochemistry, biological, self-purification, water, ecotechnology, pollution control,
bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents, heavy metals, toxicity, phytotoxicity,
nanomaterials, pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis, galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea,
gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safety, sustainability;


Question. Self-purification. What is self-purification?

Answer: Self-purification is the complex process, or, more precisely, a set of natural processes in aquatic
ecosystems, which lead to improving or maintaining water quality. Another term with a similar, but not
completely the same meaning: assimilative capacity.

Question. What kind of journal had published this paper?

Answer: This is a high rank journal that is indexed by PubMed and Web of Science. More detail on the
journal see at the site:

Question: How broad is the geographical range of the area of potential relevance and application of the
conclusions that were made in the paper?

Answer: Just look on where the paper was cited: it was cited by the authors of other scientific articles
who conducted their research in Europe, North America, and Asia (e.g., in China).

Question: Where the results and conclusions of the paper could be applied?

Answer: the results presented in the paper could be applied in explaining and predicting the behaviour
of aquatic ecosystems, in securing the safety of the sources of water supply, in protecting biodiversity of
aquatic organisms, in aquaculture, and in education.
Question: Is this paper available in other languages different from English? Yes, it is available in Russian,

On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. - DAN (Doklady Akademii
Nauk), Vol. 396, 2004, No. 1, p. 136–141. [System of elements of the theory of biotic maintaining the
natural purification potential of ecosystems]. The paper was awarded the honorary Diploma from the
Academy of Water Sciences (2006). In Russ., translated into Eng.

Question: Which fundamental aspect of biology and ecology is associated with the issues of self-
purification of water?

Answer: In biology and ecology, one of the most fundamental and intriguing problems is stability of
biological and ecological systems. What makes ecological systems stable under changing circumstances?
In case of aquatic ecosystems, this issue is very much connected to the mystery of stability of aquatic
habitats, i.e., water quality. This paper gives answers to that question.

Question: which other discoveries were made by the same author?

Answer: the other discoveries by the same author (S.A.O.) are listed online:;

Ecology. Key Innovations, Discoveries. The material is a brief summary of innovations in the publications
authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: ecology, environmental science, biology,
ecotoxicology, biogeochemistry, biological, self-purification, water, ecotechnology, pollution control,
bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents, heavy metals, toxicity, phytotoxicity,
nanomaterials, pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis, galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea,
gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safery, sustainability;

Question: are this paper and the issues covered in it relevant to aquaculture?

Answer: yes, and it is shown in the following article:

Aquaculture, Volume 314, Issues 1-4, 2011, Pages 244-251;


Feeding activity of mussels (Mytilus edulis) held in the field at an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture
(IMTA) site (Salmo salar) and exposed to fish food in the laboratory. Bruce A. MacDonald a, Shawn M.C.
Robinson b and Kelly A. Barrington a;

Question: which other publications provide more detail on the issues covered in this paper [by S.A.O.]?

Answer: those publications are available on the sites that are listed here:;;

Question: where was this paper cited?

Answer: Some examples are below:

Estimation of critical nutrient amounts based on input-output analysis in an agriculture watershed of

eastern China

[PDF] from DJ Chen, J Lu, YN Shen, RA Dahlgren… - Agriculture, Ecosystems & …, 2009 -

The concept of critical nutrient amounts (CNA) for a watershed was developed to address

in surface waters from diffuse (non-point) source pollution. CNA is defined as the maximum allowable

applied or generated amount (AGA) of a nutrient from natural and human sources that ...

Biomachinery for maintaining water quality and natural water self-purification in marine and estuarine
systems: elements of a qualitative theory

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov - International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography, 2006 -

Basic elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the polyfunctional role of the biota in

maintaining self-purification and water quality in aquatic ecosystems. The elements of the theory

covers the following: (1) sources of energy for the mechanisms of self- purification; (2) the ...

Self-Purification of Water Current and the Role of Microbiological Transformation of Organic Matter in
the System of the Selenga River and Its Delta

EO Makushkin… - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2005 - Springer

The purpose of this study was to determine the self- purification elements of the water current

of the Selenga River, the main water source of Lake Baikal, in its lower reaches. For this

purpose, we analyzed our own data on the effects of pollutants, including organic ...
On studying the hazards of pollution of the biosphere: Effects of sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) on
planktonic filter-feeders

IM Vorozhun… - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 - Springer

The goal of this study was to test whether SDS has an inhibitory effect on the ability of planktonic

filter- feeders Daphnia magna to remove phytoplankton from water during their filtration

activity. Experiments were performed with five-day-old D. magna approximately 1 mm in ...

Accelerated decrease in surfactant concentration in the water of a microcosm in the presence of plants:
Innovations for phytotechnology;

EV Lazareva… - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 - Springer

Surfactants are an important group of membranotropic pollutants [1, 2]. Higher plants, including

aquatic ones, form the basis for phytotechnologies used to purify and remediate natural environment

polluted with various agents [3]. Aquatic plants (macrophytes) can serve as ...

[PDF] 过水性湖泊自净能力的动态变化

[PDF] from任瑞丽, 刘茂松, 章杰明, 张明… - 生态学杂志, 2007 -

Self-purification ability of a water-carrying lake. REN Rui4li1 ,LIU Mao4song1 ,ZHANG Jie4

ming2 ,ZHANG Ming3 ,XU Mei1(1 School of Life Science,Nanjing University,Nanjing

210093, China;2 Suqian Bureau of Forestry,Suqian 223800,Jiangsu,China;3 ...

Cited by 1 - Related articles - View as HTML - All 7 versions

Artificial neural network modelling of concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and dissolved oxygen in a
non-point source polluted river in Zhejiang Province, southeast …

D Chen, J Lu… - Hydrological Processes, 2010 -

A back-propagation algorithm neural network (BPNN) was developed to synchronously simulate

concentrations of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved oxygen (DO) in response

to agricultural non-point source pollution (AGNPS) for any month and location in the ...

Related articles - All 4 versions

[PDF] The theory of the hydrobiological mechanism of water self-purification in water bodies: from
theory to practice

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov -

Abstract. New data on effects of chemicals (surfactants) on water filtration by aquatic invertebrates

are reported. The basics of the new theory of the polyfunctional role of biota in self-purification

of water in aquatic ecosystems (lakes, rivers, man-made reservoirs) are formulated. The ...

Related articles - View as HTML - All 3 versions

Kinetics of the enzymatic decomposition of macromolecules with a fractal structure

BM Dolgonosov… - Theoretical Foundations of …, 2007 - Springer

Study of the decomposition of organic matter in natural water ecosystems and industrial processes

such as the processing of wood and wastewater treatment is of current concern to the solution

of environmental pro- tection problems. The basic hard-to-oxidize components of organic ...

Related articles - BL Direct - All 6 versions

Decreasing the measurable concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the water of the experimental
systems containing Ceratophyllum demersum: The …

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov… - Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 - Springer

Development of VI Vernadsky's theory of the biosphere has revealed new examples of how

organisms affect the physical and chemical parameters of the environment [1, 2], including the

characteristics of the aquatic environment [3, 4]. Natural aquatic ecosys tems have ...

Related articles - All 8 versions ;


许磊, 李华, 陈英旭, 姚玉鑫, 梁新强, 周李… - 环境科学, 2010 -

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A related paper (Ostroumov, S. A. 2005. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders.
Hydrobiologia 542:275–286) was cited in this article:;

Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner;

Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels.

Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27(2): 409-423. 2008

doi: 10.1899/07-058.1;

Question: What are the most recent papers by the the same author?

Answer. The most recent papers by the the same author are listed here:

Publications. Ecology, Environment, Biology. 2009-2010. See online free:;

Areas of science: Ecology, Environment, Biology, Phytotechnology, Water quality, Bioassays:

publications in 2009- 2010, authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, in English and Russian
languages. Some of the other related publications by the same author(s) see at:; Ecology, Environmental Science;; World-wide and
international citing of the publications...;

Question: Is there a concise summary of the main discoveries made in the whole series of related
publications by the same author?

Answer: Yes, the concise summary is available online free:;

________Key words: Toxicological, Bulletin, Doklady, Biological, Sciences, Akademii, Nauk, pollution,
biosphere, hazards, surfactant, phytotechnology, phytoremediation, S.A.Ostroumov, water,
biogeochemistry, heavy metals, copper, lead, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, university, ecosystem, aquatic,water
quality, pollutants, xenobiotics, rehabilitation, detergents, metals, tetradecyltrimethylammonium
bromide, marine, freshwater, mussels, Mytilus edulis, Mytilus galloprovincialis, gold, nanoparticles;