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Submitted To: Submitted By:

Prof. S.P Bansal Archana Ganate
Director ( M.T.A dept.) M.T.A Sem. 3rd

Roll No. 324



Preface 4

Acknowledgement 5

1. Map of Kullu 7
2. Map of Manali(city) 8
3. Introduction 9
4. Introduction to the leadership development camp 10
5. Objectives of the leadership development camp 11-13
6. Itinerary 14-16
7. Trekking itinerary 17
8. Detailed itinerary 18-19
9. Need of leadership development camp 20

Manal i: 21-26
1. Introduction 21-
2. Brief descriptions of all the tourist destinations 23-
3. Impact of tourism in mountain areas(+ve) 28-
4. Impact of tourism in mountain areas(-ve) 30-
5. The directorate of mountaineering and allied sports (dmas), Manali 32
6. Institute organize activities 33
7. Conclusion & recommendations 34


1. Various activities done during cam 36-41

2. Factors affecting the spirit of adventure tourism 42

3. Hands of tourism in Manali’s development 43

4. What we learned? 44

5. Experiences 45

Conclusion 46

References 47


This project is all about the ‘’Leadership Development Camp’’ which was conducted in the
month of Jul.-Aug. (2010). The area visited was Manali. For the leadership development of
individuals a group of 35 students of M.T.A. Semester –III went for leadership development
course to Manali mountaineering institute ABVIMAS for a course of adventure.

The trip was for 9 days 27th Jul to 4th Aug. 2010 and a senior teacher Dr. Chander Mohan
accompanied the group. This tour was the greatest opportunity to trek in Himachal and have
training in such a prestigious institute. We got professional training of rock climbing,
trekking and river crossing. We got the practical knowledge of adventure tourism and its
scope in Himachal Pradesh.

Such types of adventure trips are organized by the department, for the students to develop
the leadership qualities and develop team spirit with all other positive and negative aspects of
tourism at the place.

While preparing the project it was kept in mind that the project should be brief, to the point
and should convey the valuable data which is actually needed. But besides of all the best
efforts some errors might have crept in. I shall be grateful to the teachers to forgive me for


I express my profound regards to Prof. S.P. Bansal, Director, Institute of Vocational Studies,
HPU, Summerhill, Shimla, because of whom efforts the organization and sponsorship of tour
to Manali was made possible. Now I shall pay my thanks to Dr. Chander Mohan Parsheera,
who was our tour coordinator.

I express my sincere thanks to Dr. Sushma Rewal Chugh, Dr. Sonia Khan, Mr. Suman
Sharma, Mr. Jaswinder Singh, who helped me out in every possible way and guided me while
preparing the project report.

I am also thankful to my class mates who helped me directly or indirectly in completion of

this project report. My sincere thanks go to Anita Verma my class mate and my dear friend
for her guidance and all the efforts she put to help me in completing this project report.

Last but not the least, I express thanks to my brother Sanjeev Ganate for his tireless help, and
my parents who guided and encouraged me all the way in completing this project report.

(Archana Ganate)

Date: October 28,2010

Place: Shimla.


Tourism is the physical as well as mental transportation of person from one place to another.
Tourism gives a new lease of life to the spirit of adventure and sustenance of a person. It
takes him to new environments and places. The unique features of those new environments
stimulate the mind of the person. He, in turn, starts looking at life from a new angle. And that
is because he had visited new and unknown tourist destinations. Some tourist spots make
long lasting impressions on the mind of the person who travels to those spots.

One of the most beautiful adventure destinations of India, Manali is basically a small town in
the Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh. Termed sometimes as the cradle between the lesser
Himalayas, Manali is extremely popular with the tourists for its lavish display of un-spoilt
natural beauty. Rich in its scenic splendor, Manali draws a good number of tourists from
within the country and abroad every year.

Tourism as an industry does not only plays an economic harbinger for the develop countries
but also for the developing countries. This can be seen in the establishment of the government
of tourism, widespread encouragement and sponsorship of tourist developments and the
proliferation of small business and the multinationals contributing to and deriving from the
tourism industry.

The patches of green surround the town as it has an ascending elevation towards the
Himalayas from its southwestern end. Though irregular in formation, the entire valley gives
probably the best scenic view in the country.

There is widespread optimism that tourism might be the powerful and beneficial agent of
both economic and social change. Indeed tourism has stimulated employment and
investment, modified land use and economic structure and made a positive contribution of
balance of payments in many country and worldwide.


The department of tourism administration offers the courses of MTA which helps the
students to develop their personality into efficient tourism professionals. During the course
period the department offers a program named as LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT CAMP
(LDC). This program is offered in the third semester for the MTA’s. The program is held at

The major objective of the LDC was just to harness the leadership qualities of each and every
student. If this program is taken in the broader sense, then it can be said that it’s a camp
which comprises of various activities to harness the best of an individual. Such type of
program helps the students to handle the situations in the future when they will go to serve
the industry. This type of program will help the professionals of future to tackle the situations
of similar type in the similar terrine and under the worst conditions.

As it was said above that this program comprise of various activities. These activities are
undertaken in the time period of 9 days as this program is of 9 days only. The various
activities that are undertaken in these days are repelling, rock-climbing, and river-crossing
and trekking etc. this program was really helpful for the students of vocational studies as the
main objective of this program was to impart the knowledge about the various adventure
sports. It can also be stated that the LDC is helpful for the students to understand the
mountain ecology system, the habitat of this area along with the vegetations and many other
things of this region.

This program of nine days had imparted us the knowledge of good management skills,
organizing skills, understanding the tourism phenomena, good communication skills, team
spirit, customer handling and a power of making spontaneous decisions in the worst


Tourism is a wide and varied field; to different people the concept of tourism is different. To
a tourist it’s just a concept for travel, leisure, recreation etc where as for the industry it is
another mean of making money. To the students like us this is a field which had given us
exposure in order to enhance our personality. The arrangement of such program during the
course period is helpful to groom our personality.

The main objectives of this program can be concluded in the following manner:-

 It helps to develop the leadership qualities in an individual so that he/she can handle
the group of people under his/her leadership.

 It helps to build a confidence level in an individual’s so as one could serve the

industry more efficiently.

 This program had given us an overview of working of tourism industry as tomorrow

we will be the only one to serve this industry.

 It had provided us a chance of experiencing the fun, excitement and thrill of all the
adventure sports of which they had only read in books only.

 Choosing the best sight for the camping in the conditions prevalent.

 It made us understand the present scenario of the mountain tourism and its changing

 It made us understand the type of adventure activities that can be done in mountains
and under what circumstances.

 Here we also learn how to use different equipments and objects for the adventure
sports and in the worst situation.

 It has also built our capability to survive against the worst conditions like rains, snow,
storms etc.

 This program has helped us to develop a feeling of group coordination and

cooperation. It is only the group effort and coordination which will help us to survive
in the industry.

 Communication and well groomed personality is one of the major aspects of tourism
industry. So, in order to achieve a well groomed personality it is necessary to make
the best out of such tours.

 This program had taught us to make instant to decisions which will help us to grow in
a liberal and free manner.

 For the near future it is very important for the tourism professionals to know how to
deal with different people. This tour had made us learn this thing to a certain extent.

 This program had given us opportunity to make contacts with professionals who are
already established in this industry.

 It had also given us opportunity to interact with the people of Manali region. The
region. The customs and culture of the region had mesmerized us with its diversity
being within Himachal Pradesh only.

 With this type of program people are keener to develop the tourism system.

The main motive behind arranging such type of camps is to develop the ability of
leadership inside the students.

The motives of these types of programs can be categorized under the following

a) Effective intelligence

b) Co-ordination

c) Social adaptability

d) Influencing ability

e) Determination

f) Organizing ability

Without any motive any of the program or tour is incomplete. In order to have a good and
successful event the motives and object should be clear in one’s mind. These motives of a
leadership development camp can be explained in the following manner.

Effective intelligence:-With the help of these types of arrangements the students cane to
know about the need of effective intelligence that will help us to survive in the worst
conditions. A wrong move can be fettle in the tough terrains like one of the Himalayas.
So in order to survive in the harshest conditions one should be aware of the techniques
that should help them to manage and coupe up with the conditions of Himalayan region.

Co-ordination:- In order to have a proper connections between the groups and the people
of the group such type of arrangements are necessary. If the work is done in a coordinated
manner then only it can be stated as the team work. Team work is the result of co-
operation and co-ordination only. Therefore in order to have a good and efficient group it
is necessary to have a nice co-ordination between the people comprised in a group.

Social adaptability: - As it is said that human being is a social animal, so as in order to

have a good social life everybody had to be firm with the norms of the society.
Arrangement of such type of programs is helpful in creating social adaptability amongst
the students. Through such programs the students become independent and as a result the
students tend to adapt their surrounding conditions as soon as possible.

Influencing ability: - The age as a student’s is one among those where they want to learn
and are prone to get influenced by different thing. We want to explore and discover many
of the new things and often get influenced by that. Such type of program helps us to come
in contact with other customs and cultures therefore we always tend to adapt to those
rituals and customs in our lives. (The influence should always be always towards the
positive things).

Determination: - The term determination literally means ‘THE WILL POWER’. Such
type of program helps us to improvise our determination power. The tasks and the harsh
conditions in Himalayan region help us to get stuck to the decisions that were earlier
made by us. If one could not be determined enough then he/she could not survive in the
toughest and the roughest terrains of THE GREAT HIMALAYAS. In order to survive in
these types of regions then the determination quality should be present inside an

Organizing ability: - In order to arrange an efficient tour it is necessary that the tour and
people who are on to the tour should be arranged in a proper and channelized manner.
The ability of organizing such type of tours can be only meant only when the students are
exposed to such type of conditions. Today’s students of tourism are tomorrow’s tourism
professionals so in order to have an efficient organizer such programs are necessary.


Name of the tour Leadership Development Camp

Name of the Institution (course) Institution of vocational studies (MTA
and BTA) HPU Shimla-5
Number of Packs 54
Date of Departure 27th July 2010
Date of Arrival Back 4th August 2010

Day Place Description

1( 27-07-2010) Shimla-Manali  Start journey-shimla-8:00AM.

 Arrival at Manali 6:30 PM.Lunch on route.

 Dinner & Stay in Mountaineering Institute


2( 28-07-2010) Manali  Admn. Registration

 Medical check-up

 Visit to the museum & introduction of


 Issue of equipment

 Opening address

 Lec. On rope and basic knots

 Artificial rock Climbing.

3( 29-07-2010) Manali-Solang  Breakfast at Manali.

 Trekking To Solang Nala.

 Lunch and dinner at Solang Nala.

 Acclimatization walks towards Anjni

Mahadev Temple.
4(30-07-2010) Solang Nala-  Breakfast at Solang Nala

 Trekking To Bakerthach.

 Lunch and Dinner at Bakerthach.

 Lecture on Mountain Etiquettes and


5( 31-07-2010) Bakerthach-  Trekking to Byas Kund and Byas Kund

Byas Kund Glacier.

 Breakfast, Lunch and dinner at Bakerthach.

 Lecture on Himalayan environment.

6( 01-08-2010) Bakerthach-  Breakfast at Bakerthach.

Solang Nala
 Trekking Back to Solang Nala.

 At evening rappelling on nearby Rock.

 Lecture on First-aid

 Lunch and Dinner at Solang Nala.

7( 02-08-2010) Solang Nala  In Morning River Crossing activity.

 Breakfast, Lunch and dinner at Solang Nala

 Lecture on Himalayan Environment.

 At Evening Demonstration of Rescue

8( 03-08-2010) Solang Nala-  Breakfast at Solang Nala.

 Back To Manali by bus.

 Closing ceremony at ABVIMAS conference


 Lunch and Dinner at Manali.

 Deposit of equipment.

 Local sightseeing.
9( 04-08-2010) Manali-Shimla  Going back to Shimla.


The trek provides a panoramic view of the mountain range Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar. It also
takes you to a small glacier lake named "Beas Kund", the source of river Beas.


The trek starts from old Manali winding up gradually through several old villages. The walk to
Solang valley is about 12 km. Solang has become famous for its ski slopes. Camp at Solang Nala,
surrounded by trees.


The trek leads through a cool herbs laden area and bypasses small rivulets on the way to Dhundi,
from where you have a nice view of Hanuman Tibba (5930 Mt). night at Dhundi.


Uphill trek through meadows and glaciers to Beas Kund, a small glacier lake and origin of river


Leaving this wonderland the track leads you back to Dhundi and Solang Nala in about five hours.
From Solang Nala transfer to Manali by Bus.


DAY 1:(27th July 2010)

The group started its journey from Shimla. We boarded the HRTC bus from Shimla ISBT at 0900
hrs. The trip was fun all together. We had our lunch on our way. The journey came to an end when
the group reached Manali ISBT around 1830hrs. Our stay here was in the hostel dormitories
allotted by the Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali. Here we had a meeting
with Mr. Chander Mohan Prashar and Mr. Suman Sharma. Dinner and overnight stay at
mountaineering institute

DAY 2: (28th July 2010)

In the morning at 6 we went for tea in the mess. At 10 in the morning we went for administrative
block for briefing. After we went for registration and medical check-up. Then we visited the
museum and there we got the introduction of various equipment used in trekking and
mountaineering. In afternoon we went for issue of equipment’s that were required in our trekking.
Then we went for lunch in the mess. After our lunch we went to the wall in the premises which is
meant for artificial rock climbing. The whole of our group including boys and girls climbed the
wall with the help of ropes, sit harnesses, carabineers etc. Then we enjoyed our evening tea. Then
we visited the Manali Mall and Manali town. Coming back from the Manali we went our dinner.
Overnight we were in Manali.

DAY 3:(29th July 2010)

On this day we had our morning tea at 6 and took bath. After that we packed our bags and got
ready for our journey after our breakfast. At 9 in the morning we started to our first destination
of the trek that is Solang. It was a difficult trek through old Manali. On our way we stayed for
some time in village Gausahal and there interacted with local community of the village and
tried to get some information on the problems faced by them and the benefits they can derive
from tourism. Then we started again our journey and reached the village Shenag and then we
reached Palchan, which is 8 Kms from Manali. We stayed there for some time and had our tea
then we started our journey for Solang, which is three kilometers from Palchan. At 2 in the
afternoon we reached the Manali Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports Solang center.
There we have to stay for a night so we relaxed there for some time and had our lunch. At 4 in
the evening we went for our acclimatization walk to the nearby holy place Anjni Mahadev.

Coming back from the walk we had our dinner and went to our beds as it was very cold place. .
Overnight we were in Solang.

DAY 4: (30th July 2010)

In the morning we had our tea and breakfast and started our journey to our next destination which
was Bakerthach. On our way moving along the River Beas we reached Dhundi which is 8 km from
Solang, we also crossed the river tributaries by wood lodges. We rested for some time in Dhundi. It
was a beautiful place from there Govt of India has started constructing a tunnel to Lahaul and Spiti
which will keep the district Lahaul the year round. There is also one observatory in the place which
keeps the check on the snow in the area. After spending some time we moved started moving to
Bakarthach which is 4 Kms from Dhundi. We reached the place and had our lunch. After so much
hard work we reached our halting point for the day that was our camp site at Bakarthach. Having
our lunch and enjoying our time in the camp in the evening we went to our walk to the nearby area
and collected the wood for the bonfire. Here we had a Lecture on Mountain Etiquettes and manner.
At night we had our dinner and did bonfire and spent the time singing the songs. . Overnight we
were in Bakarthach.

DAY 5: (31st July 2010)

In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey to Beas Kund. Beas Kund is 3 kilometers
from Bakarthach. In Beas Kund there is a glacier from where the Beas originates. It is a small place
where no one lives only the Shepard’s are there with their goats are found. The Beas Kund is tank
type area where the water is stored and glacier is there it is a cold place It is a beautiful place to see
and it attracts a large no. of tourists. From this place we can see various peaks named as Hanuman
Tibba, Friend Ship Peak, Seven Sisters. It is a place from which the Dhauladhar range and Pir
Panjal ranges segregate from each other. After enjoying the place we came back to our camp at
Bakarthach. . On our way back to camp we decided to take another route which passes through
Solang Glacier. This was the first time for all of us that we walk on the surface of a Glacier. After
reaching at camp we had our lunch and stayed at the camp only. At evening we had a lecture on
Himalayan Environment. Then we had our dinner and packed our bags for the next day to come
back to our camp at Solang. Overnight we were in Bakarthach

DAY 6: (1st August 2010)

In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey back to Solang. It was a nice journey
from Bakarthach to Solang. On the way we can see beautiful waterfalls. It was really nice journey
and it really made us feel very proud of us that we are able to complete this trek in such a good
manner. In afternoon we reached Solang. After lunch we went for rappelling activity at nearby
rock in Solang and also had a lecture on First Aid. We had dinner at night. Overnight we were in

DAY 7: (2nd August 2010)

In the morning we had our tea and breakfast. After that we went for river crossing activity on
nearby river in Solang Nala .After that we had our lunch back at institute and after some time of
rest we had a lecture on Himalayan Environment. After evening tea we went for demonstration of
rescue activity which was done by instructors by involving some of our seniors. After that we
returned to the institute and had dinner there. Overnight we were in Solang.

DAY 8: (1st August 2010)
In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey back to Manali by bus which was
arranged by ABVIMAS (Manali) for us. After reaching Manali we submitted back the equipment’s
issued to us. After lunch we had the closing ceremony in which we were presented Batches of
DMAS by Col. H.S. Chauhan. After that we want to Manali for sightseeing. Overnight we were in

DAY 9: (3rd August 2010)

As this was the last day of our trip and from early in the morning we all individually started our
journey back to our respective places of residence.


We are living in very challenging world. Things are changing within seconds. To overcome
the hurdles of present scenario, we have to work hard and look for capable Leadership,
because tourism industry is sensitive industry, it requires capable and handy leadership.

Leader is who can handle a group, who can face any type of crises (shortage of transport,
safety, and security of customer). Leader can show good and constructive path to his
followers. In tourism industry leader have to play a crucial role, because he has to guide his
workers for a constructive work.

Suppose we are organizing a tour and our tour is going to XYZ destination. But during our
journey our vehicle faces some problem and there is no solution at that time. Than it all
depends on the leadership quality of the tour leader. How he manages or handles the
situation. This type of situation is known as “CRISIS MANAGEMENT”.

In short to operate in this industry or to work efficiently in industry, everyone has to develop
leadership qualities. In present scenario, we are facing uncut major problem round the world
that is terrorism, which directly affects our tourism industry. But the real leader is one who
faces all such conditions and problems with courage and work hard to achieve the goals of
the organization.


One of the most beautiful adventure destinations of India, Manali is basically a small town in
the Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh. Termed sometimes as the cradle between the lesser
Himalayas, Manali is extremely popular with the tourists for its lavish display of un-spoilt
natural beauty. Rich in its scenic splendor, Manali draws a good number of tourists from
within the country and abroad every year.
The patches of green surround the town as it has an ascending elevation towards the
Himalayas from its southwestern end. Though irregular in formation, the entire valley gives
probably the best scenic view in the country.

Location :
Manali is situated at an altitude of 1,926 meters and is spread over an area of 12.5 sq km It is
also an ideal place for the adventure sports like the skiing, hiking and trekking etc. As it is
just 40 km away from Kullu, one can visit this site anytime of the year though it is advisable
to avoid the monsoon season, which falls in the months of July and August. Due to its cool
and comfortable climate, natural bounty, and the snowy white peaks, Manali remains busy
welcoming tourists all round the year.

Past :
In old times, the name of Manali used to be Dana. Later, it was renamed as Duff-Dunbar after
a European resident of the town. But today, the main town is far away from the original Duff-

Dunbar village situated at the banks of the river Manalsu. However, even today the
inhabitants of this place like to call themselves the residents of Duff-Dunbar.
According to a legend, the great Hindu lawgiver, Manu, first stepped on land here after the
great deluge. Thus, it is said that the name Manali came from the term Manu-Alaya meaning
the home of Manu. With the passage of time, the name Manali evolved.
Like the rest of India, Manali was also ruled by the British and owing to its picturesque
location several British settlements sprung up here within a short span of time. During the
1970s-80s, the craze to visit Manali was at peak especially among the western hippies not
only for the pleasing view but also for the high quality marijuana that is grown in this area.
This also made many of the hippies settle down in and around Manali, which has changed the
face of the city.

Flora and fauna:

The stunning variety of Manali flora and fauna is largely responsible for the immense beauty
of this region. Nestled amidst the serenity of varied jungle, apple orchards and gurgling
streams, the woodlands of Manali support a wide range of flora and fauna. The wildlife
sanctuaries provideexcellent habitat for hundreds of species many of which are counted as
being part of the endangered variety. The verdant green forests are a treasure trove of the rich
flora and fauna of Manali.
The undulating meadows and wooded hill sides lined with pine, fir, poplar, oak and deodar
brings out the romance of Manali. The nature is mesmerizing all the more during the months
of April till June and September till October. With the light drizzles of the rainy months the
greenery in Manali opens a newer vista.

The wide range of faunal varieties is inevitably mentioned while referring to Manali flora and
fauna. The beautiful hills of Manali is a safe haven for Leopard, Barking deer, Musk deer,
Snow leopard, Black bear, Brown bear, Himalayn ibex, Porcupine and numerous other
varieties. The avian varieties found in Manali, especially in the Manalsu valley, are Monal,
Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Black StorkWestern Tragopan, Koklas,
Kingfisher, Chakor, Grey Heron, White Stork, Snow pigeon and numerous other varieties.


While in Manali you may visit the religious sports like Hadimba Devi temple, Manu Temple,
Tibetan Monastery and the Vashisht Spring. The scenic spots of Nehru Kund and Rahalla


Rohtang Pass at an altitude of 13,050 feet above sea level, is another adventure tourist site
where it can be cold even on a summer day. It is the highest point on the Manali-Keylong
road and provides a wide panoramic view of mountains rising far above clouds, which is truly
breath taking. Close by is a small lake called Dassaur Lake. Beas Kund, the source of river
Beas, is also nearby. In winter, the road of Rothang Pass is closed.



Around 3 km from Manali, across the Beas river is Vashist, a small village with natural
sulphur springs. Modern bathhouses,now closed, due to a conflict with the elders of the
village and Manali council. Vasistha [3] a sage narrated Yoga Vasishtha an ancient scripture to

Rama. A unique and an extremely profound discourse, that provides innumerable insights and
secrets to the inner world of consciousness. This extremely huge scripture covers all the
topics that relate to the spiritual study of a seeker. Vaishisht, also boasts a pair of old stone
temples, opposite each other above the main square. Dedicated to the local patron saint
Vashista, the smaller of the two opens on to a partially covered courtyard, and is adorned
with elaborate woodcarvings those lining the interior of the shrine, blackened by years of oil-
lamp and incense smoke, are particularly fine. In this ornate quadrangle is the resting place of
the local and transient sadhus, drinking chai and smoking chillums with whoever will join
them in reverence to The Lord Shiva and Guru Vashshist. The temple baths are separated into
male and female and the water is often unbearably hot.


Ppopularly known as Snow Point, is 13 km northwest of Manali and famous for its 300-meter
ski lift. It is a picturesque spot and offers splendid views of glaciers and the snow-capped
mountains. Jagatsukh, the former capital of Manali, is also an important spot.



At a distance of 3 km northwest of Manali is Old Manali, famous for its orchards and old
guesthouses. There is ruined fort here by the name of Manaligarh. There is also the Manu
Maharishi Temple, dedicated to sage Manu.


Best Time To Visit :

Though there isn't any specific time that one could define as the best for visiting this
charming city, the months when a good number of tourists visit this place are between June
and October. As during this time the summer become unbearable in the tropical plains,
Manali naturally becomes the ideal getaway. If one wishes to see the snowfall on the high
mountain peaks, one has to visit this place during winters i.e. between the months of
November and February.


After Hours :
Being a small adventure destination one cannot expect to have an extravaganza in the after
hours. But, one can definitely savour what the local market and the small town have to offer.
Taking a lazy walk in the town area gives one a real taste of the town and its pulse. It gives an
idea of the life style, behaviour, and way of the people there.

What to Buy:

While shopping in Manali, locally made woollen products are definitely a must buy. The
famous Kullu cap is a favourite for everybody and quite useful too. Besides, there are those
famous Kullu shawls with delicate, bright borders.
Besides, the local Manali market also has some exotic handicrafts to offer. One can definitely
opt for a few items as memorabilia of the visit to this wonderful adventure destination.
Around the bazaar, innumerable stalls are stacked with hand-woven goods and pillbox Kullu
topis (caps). Other local specialties are Himalayan handicrafts, which are mainly assorted
Tibetan curios such as prayer wheels, amulets, dorjes (thunderbolts), masks, musical
instruments and thangkas (picture or representation of a deity on cloth).

Adventure Sports:
The best thing to do during the visit to the quiet adventure destination of Manali would be to
visit the beautiful picturesque sites in and around the city. There are a number of temple,
monasteries, passes, waterfalls, landscapes etc. Besides one can also opt for the various
adventure sports organized here every year.
Skiing is a major pastime in Manali. Facilities for skiing are available at Solang Nullah
(January-March) and Rohtang Pass (during summer). The Mountaineering Institute at Solang
Nullah is a good training ground for mountaineering enthusiasts. Heli skiing is possible in the
deep snowfields. The Mountaineering Institute and Allied Sports is about three km from the
Mall and offers mountaineering and kayaking courses. Kayaking is possible on the Beas
There are several good hikes from Manali. The 12-km hike up the western banks of the Beas
to the Solang Valley is worth all the efforts made. Lama Dugh meadow is a six-km hike up to
the Manalsu Nala, west of Manali town.
In the summers, several travel agencies organize paragliding on the slopes of the Solang
Nullah. The charges generally include accommodation, food, equipment, and a guide, but not
From May to July and, depending on the monsoons, from mid-September to mid-October,
some basic rafting is possible on the Beas. The trips generally begin at Pirdi and continue 16
km down to Jhiri.
The Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation provides day permits for fishing.
Permits can be obtained also at Patlikhul. Angling in the Kullu valley is possible at Larji,
Katrain and Kasol.

How to Reach :
Manali is connected by air to some of the important cities in the region through regular flights
from its nearest airport at Bhuntar, 52 km south of the town. There are flights to Delhi via

Manali is well connected by trains to most of the important places in the region. The closest
narrow-gauge railhead is at Jogindernagar, 135 km away. The closest broad-gauge railheads
are Chandigarh (310 km) and Ambala (355 km).
The distance from Delhi via Mandi is 585 km, and from Shimla it is 270 km From Shimla,
Chandigarh and Delhi, the Himachal Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation
(HPTDC) plies luxury buses to Manali. Moreover, the state transport corporation buses
connect almost all the major places of the entire valley. Taxis are also available to make visit
to different places easier for the tourist. Private tour operators also run scheduled tourist
coaches that take one around almost all the places of importance within a fixed time.
Auto rickshaws and buses are the commonest and most preferred modes of transport for
travel in and around the town area. Private tour operators offer tour packages too. Taxis are
also available, but the charges of these are on the higher side.

Fairs and Festival :

Though almost all the festivals are celebrated with zest and devotion, Dussehra gets special
attention all over the valley. The festival is celebrated in the month of October during the
autumn season when the rest of the country celebrates Durga Puja and Vijaya Dashami. The
celebration goes on for a few days when all the people of the Kullu valley take part
The Hadimba Devi fair is another important event in this place and a rather big fair is
organized in the Hadimba Devi temple complex. People from in and around the countryside
come to visit this fair, which is held during the spring season when the valley is at its
spectacular and colourful best.
The Doongri Forest festival, which is basically organized by the women folks of this place, is
another major event of this place. Moreover, the winter sport carnival held in the mid-
February draws a good number of tourists from all over the country and abroad.


Taking up the positive impacts of tourism over the mountain areas and the people of the
mountain areas the researchers come to the following conclusions:

To began with firstly we have Ecology-

 Ecological awareness

 Conservation measures

 Measures to hold pollution

 Cleanliness in Campground/Parks, trails/woodlands

 Maintenance of scenic landscapes

 Research/Environment Impact Studies

 Retreat from marginal hillside farming

Next to this research we have Socio-Cultural aspects and under this the researchers had made
following observations

 Cultural monuments/ruins

 Folk traditions

 Cultural properties

 Art or history

Responsible for
 Tourists

 Space organizations

 Urbanizations (Third world)

 Increased communication

 Modernization of facilities

 Education

 Training of Craftsmen/Expedition

 Contact with outside world

 Speedy knowledge

 Rediscovery of lost traditions

 Fund mobilization

Last segment to this research we have the Economic aspect and it states the following points

 Job opportunities

 Foreign exchange

 Additional income/taxes

 Better multiplier

 Diversification of economy

 Jobs for unskilled/semi-skilled

 Infrastructure

 Local arts/crafts

 Regional development

 Standard of living


Taking up with the tourism impacts over the Ecology the researchers come to the following

Destruction of
• Forests (Energy)

• Fauna (Poaching)

• Grazing lands (Camping)

• Water

• Air

• Noise

• Trash, Garbage trails

Degradation of
• Landscape

• Scenic appeal

• Promotion of throw away mentality

• Congestion/Overburdening

• Hygiene problems

Coming down to the second major negative impact of tourism over mountain it emphasizes
on Socio-Cultural aspect.

• Cultural loss

• Alienation

• Vandalism

• Selling out antiques

• Imitation of Western Culture

• Lifestyle

• Negative architecture

• Settlement patterns

• Folk traditions

• Customs

• Moral Laxity

• Crime/Gambling

• Drug addiction

• Inferiority (locals)

• Beggar mentality

• Religious practices

• Indigenous style

• Social cohesion

Lastly coming down to its impact on Economy the researchers concluded the following

• Inflationary trends

• Conspicuous consumption

• Demonstration effect

• Imports for tourism leakages

• Privileged treatment of Tourists

• Withdraws labor

• Overburdens communal services

• Overuse of scare resources

• Uneven economic development

• Tourist enclaves

• Seasonal dependence

• Dependence on tourism

• Domination by externals(cities)

Thus these are the negative impacts which the growth of tourism is doing towards the
mountain areas. Tourism certainly presents an unkind paradox when it assumes faces that are
‘good’, ‘bad’ and ‘ugly’. Therefore tourism is the only vibrant field which has different faces
from good to ugly this field this is the only field which can be developed under isolation and
trinity of environment, which can be called as the complex and self-embraced tourism.



The Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports (DMAS), Manali is an Indian

institution located in Manali, HP providing specialised training in Mountaineering, Mountain
Rescue, Skiing, Water Sports, Trekking and Rock Climbing. The Institute was established
under the personal initiative of Late Pandit Jwaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India.
The Institute's aim was to encourage young generation to go to the mountains and participate
in adventure activities and interact with Nature. participation with nature helps the individual
to develop will power, stamina, confidence, team spirit and comandership and thus
channalises the energy towards Leadership, Character building and National Integration.
Keeping in view the value of adventure sports, the present Institute was established in 1961 at
Manali as the Western Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (WHMI). The institute was later
named as the Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports and more than 80,000 people
have been trained in different adventure activities since its inception. Training is imparted
under the guidance of 22 experienced instructors (including four Everesters) who have
extensive experience in Skiing and Mountaineering in Himalayas, Alps, (France) and
The DMAS has 100 employees. It has a spacious campus with administrative offices, a
modern auditorium, lecture rooms, library, kitchen, dining hall and hostel accommodation for

300 and teenage accommodation for 250 participants. There is also fitness training area and
meteorological observatory post. The DMAS has established 9 training centres all over
Himachal Pradesh to provide adventure tourism training to the locals and others from all over
the country and abroad.
The institute has been organising National Winter Games Championships, Summer Skiing
competitions, White water Rafting and Kayaking competitions, Water Regatta,
Mountaineering expeditions, Mountain rescue etc. regularly. DMAS has produced a good
number of mountaineers and skiers of National and International eminence. The institute has
played a major role towards the promotion and development of adventure tourism.


The Atal Bihari Vajpaee Institute of Mountaineering & Allied Sports (DMAS) was
established in the year 1961 at Manali in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh. It is the second
oldest Adventure Sports Institute in India , imparting training in Mountaineering, Rock
Climbing, Trekking, Skiing, Water Sports, Outbound Adventure activities and Mountain

Camping sites of ABVIMAS (Bakkerthach)

Since its inception the Institute has trained more than 96,000 trainees from India and abroad
in different disciplines of adventure activities.

The Institute is located in Manali, HP providing specialised training in Mountaineering,

Mountain Rescue, Skiing, Water Sports, Trekking and Rock Climbing. The Institute was
established under the personal initiative of Late Pandit Jwaharlal Nehru, the then Prime
Minister of India.

The institute has been organising National Winter Games Championships, Summer Skiing
competitions, White water Rafting and Kayaking competitions, Water Regatta,
Mountaineering expeditions, Mountain rescue etc. regularly. Institute has produced a good
number of mountaineers and skiers of National and International eminence. The institute has
played a major role towards the promotion and development of adventure tourism.


According to me, we almost fulfilled the objectives of the trip. The objective of trip, as the
name itself indicates was to develop and polish the leadership qualities in the management

I want to give some recommendations for the betterment of LDC and tourism in Manali

• In LDC camp more adventure activities must be held

• Avoid buying things in plastic bags and plastic bottles.
• Don’ts trespass into peoples fields and avoid plucking fruits
• Donts encouragebeggars.
• Take off your shoes and leather goods before entering place of worship.
• Keeps away froms drug-peddlers.

The benifites both economices and social of growth of tourism industry are widely spread
thoughout Valley and this can be traced out in lifelihood and lifestyle of local people residing


Manali region is also known for the adventure sports done here. This is the region which
provides the match of beautiful slopes with the breath taking adventurous activities. So, in
order to experience those breath taking activities the Leadership Development Camp was the
best way. Manali encloses the world’s finest skiing slopes along with the splashing and
roaring rivers.

Green pastures and woodlands will lure you to experience the world’s best region for
adventurous activities. The main trekking areas are Beas Kund (3690m), Chandertal (4270m),
Kheerganga (2960m), Padum (3600m) and Pin Parbati Pass (4810m). The favourable period
for trekking is May to October.

Ski slopes of Solang Nala are famous for winter sports and are easily approachable. Skiing
competitions are organized every year in Solang Nala at National and International level
which is at a distance of 11km from Manali town. Solang slopes are paradise for winter
skiing and Rohtang Pass (3980m) offers summer skiing. The favourable period is mid-
December to the end of June.

Measure the charming rapids of River Beas and nostalgic water currents while rafting from a
place called Pirdi to Jhiri (16 km). Due to safety reasons the sport takes a break during
winters and monsoons. Mid- May to mid- June and mid-September to mid- October is the
best time for rafting. Humdinger Adventures is a pioneer agency conducting white- water
rafting in the valley since many years.

If one has the enthusiasm and desire to conquer the mountains, peaks of then these regions
are the best ones. The Beas Kund (3690m), Inderkeel Parvat (6220m), Hanuman Tibba
(5930m), and Deo Tibba (6001m) are most popular amongst the climbers. Certain peaks of
the Western Himalayas in Kullu lie hitherto unexplored.

Mountaineers can also enjoy rock- climbing, ice- climbing, and river- crossing in the valley.
The best time for mountaineering is mid- May to mid- June and mid-September to mid-
October when the nature is at its best. Western Himalayan Institute of Mountaineering and
Allied Sports, Aleo, Manali is a government body conducting adventure activities in the

Following are the adventure activities which are performed in the regions of Kullu- Manali:-











River crossing: The breath taking task done in the beautiful mountains of Solang Nalla


The main trekking areas in Himachal are the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges easily
accesible from Kullu valley. Several treks lead over from Kullu valley to Lahaul & Spiti,

Zanskar, Kinnaur and Kangra. Most treks pass through rugged and unspoiled terrain, deep
forests and beautiful streams. Many old temples lie along the way.

Season: April to middle of June, and mid-September to mid-October. The higher regions get
cold in October. To access Lahaul valley trekkers have to wait until Rohtang Pass opens
which is usually in June.

Important Trek Routes:

Trek Period
Beas Kund
May to October
Bijlimahadev-Malana-Chanderkhani Pass
May to October
Manali, Malana
Mid June to September
Manali, Lahaul, Spiti
May to October
Manali, Malana, Parvati valley
July to September
Manali, Lahaul, Zanskar
Mid June to Mid October
Manali, Lahaul, Zanskar
Pin Valley
Mid-July to September
Parvati & Spiti valley

Trekking towards Beas KUnd,

It was the time to do some action as the purpose was just to touch the heights of the Great
Himalayas in order to seek follow the path of Beas Kund….

Kullu valley, described as one of the finest launch sites in the world, is a heaven for aero
sport enthusiasts. Imagine one soaring like an eagle on top of the beautiful Himalayan ranges.

Paragliding is a sport which has taken the world by storm. The pilots are able to fulfill one of
humanity's oldest human dreams, namely flying. The origin of this sport goes back to the
1940's but only recently became more popular due to the increase in safety in the gliders.
Aero sport enthusiasts are delighted with the local wind conditions, the spectacular scenery as
well as launch sites like Solang, Bijli Mahadev and Bhaikhali.

Season: February to June and September to November.

Rappelling & river crossing can be organized at a few sites around Manali. Rappelling would
involve coming down from a cliff with the help of ropes & carabiners. A fly over fitted over
the river would help you to cross it. This can be organized all round the year subject to
weather conditions.


The region of Kullu valley is famous for skiing. Skiing involves sliding on snow with the
help of a snow board or a pair of skies attached to your feet.

Skiing courses and competitions are held every year at Solang Nala above Manali. The best
slopes are available at Bhrigu peaks near Hamta. A little bit of summer skiing can be done
even on the Rohtang pass.

While undertaking the skiing adventure, you will be encountering, succession of blissful
days. Every day is full of fresh challenges that have to be conquered and appreciated, when
you are at any skiing resort. The magic of the wind rushing past as you slide down on the
snow clad slopes artistically cutting figures of eight or the sheer pleasure of water skiing will
leaves you spellbind. Enjoy the formidable bend, turns and jumps of skiing by taking up
longer ski runs with faster speed on the mighty Indian Himalayas, that will definitely leads
you to the world of fantasy, where your all dreams come true.

Location for skiing

13 km from Manali, Solang Valley has good skiing slopes equipped with an excellent lift. A
splendid valley between Manali and Kothi, it also offers views of the glaciers and snow-
capped mountain peaks.

Season: - January - March.

For the most adventurous, peaks in Kullu valley offer challenging playground for Indian and
International expeditions as well. With an average altitude of 5,000 to 6,000 meters, these
peaks have been tried by experienced mountaineers from all over the world.

Mountaineering inspires man to attain the inner elusive peak within him. But it also requires
exhaustive planning, budgeting, specialized equipment, expertise and experience. Bonhomie,
camaraderie, esprit de corps and team spirit is developed through mountaineering.

These were the description of some of the major adventurous activities performed in the the
region of Kullu and Manali. If one wants to do something exciting and also want to
rejuvenate their senses in a real manner then one should visit this land of Kullu and Manali.

A route to solang nala, Manali.
The tough terrain of The Great Himalayas had taught us to make the fullest of the less
resources and abide with each other in difficult situations.

Factors Affecting the Spirit of Adventure tourism

Adventure tourism is widely dependent upon the natural resources, mainly snow, rivers,
valleys, forests, wind etc. So, it is not false to say that adventure tourism is directly depending
on nature’s attitude. A good snowfall season can boost many adventure sports as Skiing,

Heli-skiing, White river rafting etc. There are many other adventure sports such as rock
climbing, trekking depends upon geographical features. We have to make balance among
Snow season and Geographical features.

If in a certain year, the snowfall is not up to standard than we have to look towards other
alternates because low snowfall directly affects adventure sports like Skiing, White river
rafting etc. During this time we should encourage other adventure sports like trekking more.

If we are successful in maintaining the balance among different aspects of adventure tourism
we will end up in getting good results. We should plan which adventure sport we are going to
promote more so it is more beneficial to us. We should plan in such a way that we have more
positive impacts and we are able to minimize the negative impacts.

Hand of tourism in
Manali’s development

If something has the potential, it should be properly utilized. Positive utilization of resources
or talent can be handy. Same concept is viable to Manali. If some location has everything
according to tourism potential, it should be utilized.

Manali has huge potential to boost adventure tourism but the question is that how we can
enhance adventure tourism in Manali?

The answer to this question is given in by the following points:

a) Develop professional approach.

b) Try to maintain balance between young talent and experienced staff.

c) Work out process to utilized natural resources in eco-friendly way.

d) Invite private companies.

e) Aware local people about the need of eoc-friendly environment.

f) Involve local people in any campaign.

g) Provide quality and professional services at reasonable price.

h) Provide safety and security.

i) Try to boost geographical adventure sports.

j) Try to work out any government project.

k) Make handy proposal for the development of adventure sports.

Manali has vast potential to develop adventure tourism and still we have to introduce other
schemes to boost tourism. First we have to make difference between Snowy adventure sports
and geographical sports because both of them are very important for the development of
Manali as a place to hold year around adventure activates.

What we had learned
From this ‘LDC’?

Leadership development camp, Manali. This was the type of program which had leaded our
lives towards a new path. The whole concept of this camp was just to develop a positive
change in our lifestyles. Waking up early in the morning, doing daily exercises, running for
the better task performances, trekking to the highest point of Beas Kund, living like a family
and of course the new bonds and relations will remain in the memories forever and ever.

During this tour we had learned to live in a group and work as a team not as an individual.
Team spirit and co-ordination was the major motive of this LDC program and today the
students are proud to say that they had learned to manage all the things around them.

During this 9 days tour all the majorly described motives of this camp were attained by the
students. We had learned to manage in order to co-ordinate so as to get the right influencing
power which will help in social adaptability which will lead us towards an effective
intelligence in order to have a high determination power. Therefore the LDC has helped us in
many ways.


Whenever the journey starts it gets started with few people and those people are not even
known to each other, such was the case with our journey too. The two classes of BTA and
MTA were combined together and the program of LDC was made. The students of both the
classes had no knowledge about each other there was a relation of just seniors and juniors.
This was the camp which brought all of us together and gave an opportunity to know each
other. After this journey the two classes came together to be known as a family of IVS.

The co-ordination and corporation between the groups was one of the remarkable deeds that
were done. This was the talk about the students but coming down to our instructors, their
patience and calmness was the only thing which had made the brats of IVS does the tasks

The majestic mountain ranges covered with the snow peaks, the glaciers and the breath taking
view of the sight, watching all these things was an experience to hold us mesmerized for our
life long memories. These sweet memories will remain forever in our mind. So, as to build up
an efficient ‘TOURISM PROFESSIONALS’ such type of experiences are required.

Rest the LDC program is just a history which we expect to be remembered with its positive
aspects not the negative one.


The much adorable and flourishing streams of today’s challenging world is the field of
‘Tourism’. I today fell proud to be the part of this wonderful field of tourism and above that
the part of IVS family. The program named as MTA was started in the year 1992, which is a
two years master’s degree. These courses provide us in-depth knowledge of the tourism
industry. The Leadership Development Camp was meant to give us information about the
tourism phenomena. This was the tour which was the practical exposure for the students of
MTA and BTA.

The camp came to an end on 4th August 2010 after 9 days. The objectives of the camp were
almost completed in these days. As the name only suggests, “Leadership Development
Camp,” was meant to harness and polish our leadership qualities to the best of our
individuality and personality.

This event gives us a chance to take up different type of adventure activities. All adventure
activities shares characteristics that combine immigration, awareness of the world and their
place in it and the thirst for new experience.

Manali is the region which had gained fame in such a small period of time. The place is
famous for many things like the pilgrimage centres, adventurous sports, beautiful valleys,
apple orchards and what not. So, in order to maintain Manali as a tourist place and to let it be
a place of habitat we have to start thinking about the overcrowding of this place. The
construction of hotels, parking etc is leading Manali towards the path of deterioration.

In the last I would only like to express my words of gratitude to the Director of IVS, Prof.
S.P.Bansal, the Faculty members of IVS, the Instructors at DMAAS, my classmates of MTA,
my Parents and of course to my friends. Without the help and trust of these people the


• Lonely Planet
• H.P state guide
• Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports (DMAS), Manali

• Brochures

• Personal experiences

• Internet