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A 22.4-L sample of which of the following substances, at STP, would contain 6.02 10 representative particles?

oxygen
A catalyst is not used up in a reaction
A double-replacement reaction takes place when aqueous cobalt(III) chloride reacts with aqueous
lithium hydroxide. One of the products of this reaction is Co(OH)3

A double-replacement reaction takes place when aqueous Na CO reacts with aqueous Sn(NO ) . You
would expect one of the products of this reaction to be NaNO3
A skeleton equation does NOT show the reactants on the left, the products on the right
A solution has which of the following properties? the average diameter of its solute particles usually
is less than 1 nm
A solution has which of the following properties? The average diameter of its solute particles usually is less than 1 nm.
A solution is a mixture ____. that has the same properties throughout

All of the following are equal to Avogadro's number EXCEPT ____. the number of atoms of bromine in 1 mol Br
An emulsion is which type of mixture? colloid
Butanol is composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. If 1.0 mol of butanol contains 6.0 1024 atoms of hydrogen, what is the subscript for the hydrogen atom in C H
O? 10
Chemical equations describe chemical reactions
Chemical equations must be balanced to satisfy the law of conservation of mass
Chemical reactions produce new substances
Everyday equations describe everyday processes
For which of the following conversions does the value of the conversion factor depend upon the formula of the substance? mass of any substance to moles
Given 1.00 mole of each of the following gases at STP, which gas would have the greatest volume? All would have the same volume.
How does the surface tension of water compare with the surface tensions of most other liquids? It is higher.

How many atoms are in 0.075 mol of titanium? 4.5 10

How many atoms are in 3.5 moles of arsenic atoms? 2.1 10 atoms
24

How many hydrogen atoms are in 5 molecules of isopropyl alcohol, C H O? 35


How many milliliters of alcohol are in 167 mL of an 85.0% (v/v) alcohol solution? 142 mL
How many mL of a 2.0M NaBr solution are needed to make 200.0 mL of 0.50M NaBr? 50 mL

How many molecules are in 2.10 mol CO? 1.26 10 molecules


24

How many moles of CaBr are in 5.0 grams of CaBr ? 2.5 10 mol
-2

How many moles of silver atoms are in 1.8 1020 atoms of silver? 3.0 10

How many moles of tungsten atoms are in 4.8 1025 atoms of tungsten? 8.0 10 moles
1

How many moles of tungsten atoms are in 4.8 10 atoms of tungsten? 8.0 102 moles
If 2.0 mL of 6.0M HCl is used to make a 500.0-mL aqueous solution, what is the molarity of the dilute solution? 0.024M
If 20.0 grams of Ca combines completely with 16.0 grams of S to form a compound, what is the percent composition of Ca in the compound? 55.6%
If 60.2 grams of Hg combines completely with 24.0 grams of Br to form a compound, what is the percent composition of Hg in the compound? 71.5%
If the density of an unknown gas Z is 4.50 g/L at STP, what is the molar mass of gas Z? 101 g/mole.
If the percent (mass/mass) for a solute is 4% and the mass of the solution is 200 g, what is the mass of solute in solution? 8.0 g
If the percent by volume is 2.0% and the volume of solution is 250 mL, what is the volume of solute in solution? 5.0 mL
If the solubility of a gas in water is 4.0 g/L when the pressure of the gas above the water is 3.0 atm, what is the pressure of the gas above the water when the
solubility of the gas is 1.0 g/L? 0.75 atm
If the solubility of a particular solute is at 20 C, which of the following solution concentrations would represent a supersaturated aqueous solution of that solute?

at 20 C
If you rewrite the following word equation as a balanced chemical equation, what will the coefficient

and symbol for fluorine be? nitrogen trifluoride nitrogen fluorine 3F


In a combustion reaction, one of the reactants is oxygen
In a concentrated solution there is ____. a large amount of solute
In a concentrated solution there is ____. a large amount of solute
In a double-replacement reaction, the reactants are generally two ionic compounds in aqueous
solution
In a double-replacement reaction, the reactants are two ionic compounds
In order to predict whether or not a single-replacement reaction takes place, you need to consult a
chart that shows the activity series of metals
In which of the following is concentration expressed in percent by volume? 10% (v/v)
In which of the following is concentration expressed in percent by volume? 100%

In which of the following is the solution concentration expressed in terms of molarity?

Predict which one of the following compounds would be insoluble in water. CF


Surface tension ____. is the inward force which tends to minimize the surface area of a liquid
Symbols used in equations, together with the explanations of the symbols, are shown below. Which
set is correct? (s), solid product
The complete combustion of which of the following substances produces carbon dioxide and water? C

H
The density of an unknown gas Z is 4.50 g/L at STP, what is the molar mass of gas Z? 101 g/mol

The equation 2C H OH 9O 6CO 8H O is an example of which type of reaction?

The equation H PO 3KOH K PO 3H O is an example of which type of reaction?

The equation Mg(s) 2HCl(aq) MgCl (aq) H (g) is an example of which type of reaction?
The fact that ice is less dense than water is related to the fact that ____. ice has a molecular structure that is an open framework held together by hydrogen bonds
The mass of a mole of NaCl is the ____. molar mass
The molar mass of a certain gas is 49 g. What is the density of the gas in g/L at STP? 2.2 g/L
The molar mass of a gas can be determined from which of the following? the density of the gas at STP

The product of a combination reaction is Ba(OH) . If one of the reactants is H O, what is the other
reactant? BaO
The products of a combustion reaction do NOT include hydrogen.
The ratio of carbon atoms to hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms in a molecule of dicyclohexyl maleate is 4 to 6 to 1. What is its molecular formula if its molar mass is

280 g? C H O

The reaction 2Fe 3Cl 2FeCl is an example of which type of reaction? Direct combination or
synthesis reaction
The solubility of a gas in a liquid is ____. directly proportional to the pressure of the gas above the liquid
To 225 mL of a 0.80M solution of KI, a student adds enough water to make 1.0 L of a more dilute KI solution. What is the molarity of the new solution? 0.18M
To determine the formula of a new substance, one of the first steps is to find the ____. percent composition
To which of the following variables is change in boiling point directly proportional? molality of solution

What are the coefficients that will balance the skeleton equation below? AlCl + NaOH Al(OH)
NaCl 1, 3, 1, 3

What are the coefficients that will balance the skeleton equation below? N + H NH 1, 3, 2
What are the correct formulas and coefficients for the products of the following double-replacement

reaction? RbOH H PO RbPO 2H O

What are the missing coefficients for the skeleton equation below? Al (SO ) (aq) KOH(aq) → Al(OH)

(aq) K SO (aq) 1,6,2,3

What are the missing coefficients for the skeleton equation below? Cr(s) Fe(NO ) (aq) Fe(s)

Cr(NO ) (aq) 2, 3, 3, 2
What causes Brownian motion in colloids? molecules of the dispersion medium colliding with dispersed phase particles
What causes water's low vapor pressure? hydrogen bonding
What does NOT change when a solution is diluted by the addition of solvent? number of moles of solute

What does the symbol in a chemical equation mean? Heat is supplied to the reaction.
What happens to the solubility of a gas, in a liquid, if the partial pressure of the gas above the liquid decreases? The solubility decreases.
What information is needed to calculate the percent composition of a compound? the formula of the compound and the atomic mass of its elements
What is another term for the water of hydration? water of crystallization
What is primarily responsible for the surface tension of water? hydrogen bonding
What is the approximate molar mass of a molecular solute if 300 g of the solute in 1000 g of water causes the solution to have a boiling point of 101 C? (K = 0.512
C/m; K = 1.86 C/m; molar mass of water = 18 g) 150 amu
What is the balanced chemical equation for the reaction that takes place between bromine and

sodium iodide? Br 2NaI 2NaBr I

What is the boiling point of a solution of 0.1 mole of glucose in 200 mL of water? (K = 0.512 C/m) 100.26 C

What is the boiling point of a solution that contains 3 moles of KBr in 2000 g of water? (K = 0.512 C/m; molar mass of water = 18 g) 101.4 C
What is the density at STP of the gas sulfur hexafluoride, SF ? 6.52 g/L

What is the driving force in the following reaction? Ni(NO ) (aq) K S(aq) NiS(s) 2KNO (aq) A
precipitate is formed.

What is the empirical formula of a compound that is 40% sulfur and 60% oxygen by weight? SO

What is the empirical formula of a substance that is 53.5% C, 15.5% H, and 31.1% N by weight? C H N

What is the freezing point of a solution of 0.5 mol of LiBr in 500 mL of water? (K = 1.86 C/m) –3.72 C
What is the mass in grams of 5.90 mol C H ? 673 g
What is the mass of oxygen in 250 g of sulfuric acid, H SO ? 160 g
What is the mass of silver in 3.4 g AgNO ? 2.2 g

What is the maximum amount of KCl that can dissolve in 200 g of water? 68 g (The solubility of KCl is 34 g/100 g H2O at 20 C.) at 20 C
What is the molality of a solution containing 8.0 grams of solute in 0.50 kg of solvent? (molar mass of solute = 24 g) 0.67m
What is the molality of a solution of water and KCl if the freezing point of the solution is –3 C? (K = 1.86 C/m; molar mass of water = 18 g) 0.8m
What is the molar mass of (NH ) CO ? 96 g
What is the molar mass of AuCl3? 303.6 g
What is the molarity of 200 mL of solution in which 2.0 moles of sodium bromide is dissolved? 10M
What is the molarity of a solution that contains 6 moles of solute in 2 liters of solution? 3M
What is the mole fraction of ethanol in a solution of 3.00 moles of ethanol and 5.00 moles of water? 0.375
What is the number of kilograms of solvent in a 0.70 molal solution containing 5.0 grams of solute? (molar mass of solute = 30 g) 0.24 kg
What is the number of moles in 432 g Ba(NO ) ? 1.65 mol
What is the number of moles in 500 L of He gas at STP? 22 mol
What is the number of moles in 9.63 L of H S gas at STP? 0.430 mol
What is the number of moles of beryllium atoms in 36 g of Be? 4.0 mol
What is the number of moles of solute in 250 mL of a 0.4M solution? 0.1 mol
What is the percent by mass of carbon in acetone, C H O? 62.1%
What is the percent composition of carbon, in heptane, C H ? 84%
What is the percent composition of chromium in BaCrO ? 20.5%
What is the shape of the water molecule? bent
What is the size range of particles in a colloid? between 1 nm and 1000 nm

What is the solubility of silver nitrate if only 11.1 g can dissolve in 5.0 g of water at 20 C? at 20 C
What is the term for the dissolving medium in a solution? solvent
What is the volume, in liters, of 0.500 mol of C H gas at STP? 11.2 L
What is true about the molar mass of chlorine gas? The molar mass is 71.0 g
What mass of Na SO is needed to make 2.5 L of 2.0M solution? (Na = 23 g; S = 32 g; O = 16 g) 710 g
What mass of sucrose, C H O , is needed to make 500.0 mL of a 0.200M solution? 34.2 g
What occurs in solvation? Solvent molecules surround solute ions.
What SI unit is used to measure the number of representative particles in a substance? mole
What type of compound is always an electrolyte? ionic

When the equation Fe Cl FeCl is balanced, what is the coefficient for Cl ? 3

When the equation KClO (s) KCl(s) + O (g) is balanced, the coefficient of KClO3 is 2

When the following equation is balanced, what is the coefficient for HCl? Mg(s) HCl(aq) MgCl (aq)

H (g) 2
Which atom in a water molecule has the greatest electronegativity? the oxygen atom

Which combination of temperature and pressure correctly describes standard temperature and pressure, STP? 0 C and 101 kPa
Which compound changes color when it becomes a hydrate? copper(II) sulfate

Which expression represents the percent by mass of nitrogen in NH4NO3? 28 g N/80 g NH NO 100%
Which is responsible for the high thermal energy required to melt ice? hydrogen bonding
Which of the following are weak electrolytes in water? ionic compounds that partially dissociate in water
Which of the following compounds conducts electricity only in the molten state? barium sulfate

Which of the following compounds has the highest oxygen content, by weight? H O

Which of the following compounds has the lowest percent gold content by weight? AuI

Which of the following compounds have the same empirical formula? C H and C H
Which of the following compounds is a nonelectrolyte when pure, but an electrolyte when dissolved in water? ammonia
Which of the following compounds is a nonelectrolyte? carbon tetrachloride
Which of the following compounds is a strong electrolyte? potassium sulfate

Which of the following compounds is a weak electrolyte? NH


Which of the following compounds is an electrolyte? sodium hydroxide
Which of the following elements exists as a diatomic molecule? nitrogen
Which of the following expressions is generally used for solubility? grams of solute per 100 grams of solvent
Which of the following gas samples would have the largest number of representative particles at STP? 12.0 L He
Which of the following is a balanced equation representing the decomposition of lead(IV) oxide?
Which of the following is a representative particle?

Which of the following is an expression of molality?


Which of the following is NOT a colligative property of a solution? supersaturation
Which of the following is NOT a common hydrate? sugar
Which of the following is NOT a representative particle? all of the above
Which of the following is NOT a result of surface tension in water? Surface area is maximized.
Which of the following is NOT a true about atomic mass? The atomic mass is 12 g for magnesium.

Which of the following is NOT an empirical formula? C N H


Which of the following is NOT true about empirical and molecular formulas? The empirical formula of a compound can be triple its molecular formula.
Which of the following is primarily responsible for holding water molecules together in the liquid state? hydrogen bonds
Which of the following is the correct skeleton equation for the reaction that takes place when solid
phosphorus combines with oxygen gas to form diphosphorus pentoxide?
Which of the following materials is NOT a colloid? alloy
Which of the following mixture types can be filtered to remove solute? suspensions only
Which of the following mixture types is characterized by the settling of particles? suspension
Which of the following mixtures is NOT a colloid? sugar water
Which of the following occurs as temperature increases? Solubility increases.

Which of the following operations yields the number of moles of solute? molarity liters of solution
Which of the following pairs of factors affects the solubility of a particular substance? temperature and the nature of solute and solvent

Which of the following sets of empirical formula, molar mass, and molecular formula is correct? CH N, 90 g, C H N
Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
Which of the following statements is NOT true about double-replacement reactions?
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the decomposition of a simple binary
compound?
Which of the following statements is NOT true about what happens in all chemical reactions?
Which of the following statements is true about single-replacement reactions?

Which of the following substances dissolves most readily in gasoline? CH

Which of the following substances dissolves most readily in water? NH

Which of the following substances is less soluble in hot water than in cold water? CO

Which of the following substances is NOT an electrolyte? CCl


Which of the following substances is the most soluble in water? sodium chloride
Which of the following types of mixtures exhibit the Tyndall effect? suspensions and colloids
Which of the following usually makes a substance dissolve faster in a solvent? agitating the solution
Which of these statements is correct? Particles can be filtered from a suspension.

Which of these would you expect to be soluble in the nonpolar solvent carbon disulfide, CS? CI
Which symbol is used to connect the formula of the compound with the number of water molecules in a hydrate? a dot
Why are two nonpolar substances able to dissolve in each other? They have similar attractive forces in their molecules.