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middle cardiac
B. anterior cardiac
1. Which of the C. small cardiac
following cardiac D. great cardiac
veins empties E. none of the above
directly into the right
atrium of the heart?

A. pulmonary veins
2. A blood clot B. left atrium
(embolus) found in C. right ventricle
the left pulmonary D. left brachiocephalic vein
artery probably came E. left ventricle
from which of the

A. the ascending lumbar veins enter it

B. it communicates with the common iliac vein
3. All of the following C. it frequently receives the left pulmonary
are true statements vein
about the azygos D. it empties into the superior vena cava
system of veins E. it drains the thoracic wall
EXCEPT that:

A. anterior
B. middle
4. The heart is C. posterior
located in which D. lateral
anatomical E. superior
subdivision of the

5. The aortic arch is A. superior

located in which B. middle
subdivision of the C. posterior
mediastinum? D. anterior
E. none of the above
A. superior vena cava, coronary sinus and
hemiazygos vein
B. coronary sinus and pulmonary vein
6. Which group of C. pulmonary and bronchial veins the following
structures empties D. superior and inferior venae cavae and
directly into the right coronary sinus
atrium? E. coronary sinus and azygos vein

A. the posterior wall of the esophagus

7. The esophageal B. the left wall of the esophagus
branches of the right C. the right wall of the esophagus
vagus nerve in the D. the anterior wall of the esophagus
lower thorax (just E. none of the above
before it enters the
stomach) are found
mainly on:

A. plane of the sternal angle

B. suprasternal (or jugular) notch
8. The trachea C. first rib
bifurcates into right D. seventh cervical vertebra
and left primary E. xiphoid process
bronchi at the level
of the:

9. The ligamentum A. a ligament connecting the liver to the

arteriosum is: anterior abdominal wall
B. a fibrous remnant of a fetal channel
connecting the left pulmonary artery to the
C. remnant of the embryonic umbilical artery
D. remnant of a fetal channel connecting the
right atrium to the left atrium
E. remnant of a channel that allowed the blood
to bypass the liver
A. the pulmonary semilunar valve opens
10. Which of the B. the right atrioventricular valve closes
following does NOT C. blood enters the coronary arteries
occur during D. the left atrioventricular valve closes
contraction of the left E. the aortic semilunar valve opens
ventricle of a normal

A. right ventricle
11. Increased B. left atrium
resistance to C. right atrium
pulmonary blood flow D. left ventricle
in the lungs would E. none of the above
cause a direct strain
on which chamber of
the heart?

A. middle cardiac vein

12. Which of the B. coronary sinus
following C. small cardiac vein
accompanies the D. great cardiac vein
anterior E. anterior cardiac vein

A. on the mediastinal surface of the lung

B. within the major fissure/s of the lung
C. between all the pulmonary segments of the
13. A layer of lung
visceral pleura is D. on or between both A and B
normally present: E. within or between both B and C

14. The vagus nerve A. sympathetic chain

accompanies which B. inferior vena cava
of the following C. phrenic nerve
through the D. aorta
E. esophagus


A. right recurrent laryngeal nerve

15. During surgical B. left phrenic nerve
repair of a patent C. left recurrent laryngeal nerve
ductus arteriosus, D. left vagus
the surgeon must be E. right phrenic nerve
careful not to injure

A. subserous (or extrapleural) fascia

16. When considering B. internal intercostal muscle
the structures that C. parietal pleura
make up the thoracic D. intercostal vessels and nerve
wall, which of the E. external intercostal muscles
following is most

17. During the early

stages of A. phrenic nerve
tuberculosis B. vagus nerve
infections, the costal C. recurrent laryngeal nerve
parietal pleura D. intercostal nerve
becomes inflamed E. splanchnic nerve
and results in pain at
the involved area.
What nerve carries
these painful
18. On the diagram,
identify the structure
labeled A.

A. does not move

B. moves upward
C. moves downward
19. When you inhale, D. relaxes
the diaphragm: E. does none of the above

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
20. The left lung is D. 4
made up of how E. 5
many lobes?

A. plane of the sternal angle

B. xiphisternal junction
C. second thoracic vertebra
21. The bifurcation of D. attachment of the 4th costal cartilage to the
the trachea lies at sternum
about the level of E. plane of the jugular notch
A. right vagus nerve
22. Which structure B. azygos vein
below leaves the C. right phrenic nerve
most pronounced D. thoracic aorta
impression on the E. right common carotid artery
right lung of the

For questions 23 - 30, select the lettered item that best matches with
the numbered structure. A letter may be used more than once.
23. mitral valve A. right atrium
B. right ventricle
C. left ventricle
D. pericardial cavity
24. musculi pectinati E. trachea

25. carina

26. moderator band

or (septomarginal


27. crista terminalis

28. tricuspid valve

29. infundibulum (or

conus arteriosus)

30. fossa
A. right atrial wall
B. left atrial wall
C. right ventricular wall
31. The sinuatrial D. left ventricular wall
node is located in E. interventricular septum

A. great cardiac
B. marginal
32. Which vein C. middle cardiac
accompanies the D. small cardiac
posterior E. coronary sinus
coronary artery?

A. crista terminalis
33. Overdistension of B. ligamentum teres
the valves of the C. chordae tendineae
atrioventricular D. trabeculae carneae
orifices of the heart E. ligamentum venosum
is prevented by the
papillary muscles and

A. left atrium
B. left ventricle
C. right atrium
34. The apex of the D. right ventricle
heart is formed by E. both left and right ventricles

35. During diastole, A. prevents reflux of blood into the right

the aortic valve: ventricle
B. prevents reflux of blood into the right
C. prevents reflux of blood into the left atrium
D. prevents reflux of blood into the left
E. the pulmonary artery

A. AV node
B. bundle of His
C. purkinje system
36. The pacemaker D. SA node
of the heart is the:

37. Which of the A. hemiazygos vein

following structures B. left posterior superior intercostal vein
lies between the C. pericardiacophrenic artery
azygos vein and the D. thoracic duct
thoracic aorta in the E. right superior intercostal vein
mediastinum of the
A. superior vena cava
B. inferior vena cava
C. right atrium
38. The azygos vein D. left brachiocephalic vein
drains into the: E. right brachiocephalic vein

A. esophagus
B. aortic arch
39. Which of the C. azygos vein
following structures D. hemiazygos vein
is NOT found in the E. splanchnic nerves

40. The anterior A. manubrium

boundary of the B. sternal angle
C. body of the sternum
D. pericardium on anterior aspect of the heart
posterior E. pericardium on posterior aspect of the heart
mediastinum is the:

A. internal thoracic artery

41. Which of the B. thoracic duct
following structures C. thymus
is found in both the D. aortic arch
superior and the E. pericardiacophrenic artery

Match the following

numbered items with
the mediastinal
region in which they
are found.
A. superior mediastinum
B. anterior mediastinum
42. thymus C. middle mediastinum
D. posterior mediastinum
43. right
brachiocephalic vein E. not found in the mediastinum

44. esophagus

45. left vagus nerve

46. arch of the

azygos vein
47. trachea

48. heart

49. right recurrent

laryngeal nerve

50. Identify the part

of the heart marked
with an "X".

51. The upper right A. apex of the heart

border of the B. pulmonary artery
C. right auricle
mediastinal shadow D. right ventricle
as seen on the P-A E. superior vena cava
chest radiograph
represents the:

A. left internal jugular vein

B. left subclavian vein
C. junction of the left internal jugular and
subclavian veins
52. The thoracic duct D. superior vena
usually drains into E. junction of the right internal jugular and
the: subclavian veins

A. pulmonary lymph nodes

B. bronchopulmonary lymph nodes
C. tracheobronchial lymph nodes
53. The lymph nodes D. bronchomediastinal lymph nodes
found in the hilum of E. anterior mediastinal lymph nodes
the lung are the:

54. When air is A. the action of the muscles of expiration

allowed into the B. the elasticity of the visceral pleura
pleural cavity, either C. the elasticity of the lung parenchyma
from a stab wound or D. expansion of the rib cage
a blown out alveolus E. paralysis of the muscles of inspiration
of the lung, the lung
will collapse because

55. Contraction of A. lateral

the diaphragm B. anteroposterior
causes an increase in C. superior-inferior
the thoracic volume D. any two diameters to the same extent
by increasing E. all three diameters to the same extent
primarily which of
the diameters of the
rib cage?
A. it is larger, straighter and shorter than the
B. it is more curved, longer and smaller than
56. When foreign the left
objects are aspirated C. it is straighter, longer and larger than the
into the trachea, they left
will usually pass into D. it is at a 90 degree angle to the trachea
the right primary E. there really is a good reason
bronchus because:

A. sinoatrial node
B. atrioventricular node
C. atrioventricular bundle (of His)
57. The pacemaker D. subendocardial plexus
for the heart is E. membranous interventricular septum
ordinarily the:

A. both diaphragms are usually depressed in

B. the posterior attachment is inferior to the
anterior attachment
C. the lateral attachment is inferior to the
58. Regarding the posterior attachment
diaphragm, which of D. in dextrocardia, the right diaphragm is
the following it NOT inferior to the left
true? E. the left diaphragm is usually inferior to the

A. lungs&pleura
B. heart&pericardium
C. diaphragm
60.topics for the D. intercostals space
thorax E. thorax cage.
61. E.

62. E.

63. E.

64. E.

65. E.
66. E.

67. E.

68. E.

69. E.

70. E.
Practice Examinations
Upper Limb Practice Written Exam

Head and Neck Practice Written Exam

Head and Neck Practice Practical

Head and Neck Practice practical for Netscape users

Thorax Practice Written Exam

Abdomen Practice Written Exam

Pelvis and Perineum Written Exam

Lower Limb Practice Written Exam

General Anatomy Information



This is copyrighted©1999 by Wesley Norman, PhD