You are on page 1of 20

Introduction: India with second largest population and with seventh largest area in the world is running towards

to become worlds super power in coming future. Although its growth rate is optimistic about its aspirations, there are certain issues which worry its long term perspectives to become world power. Even though it is eleventh largest economy by GDP and fourth largest by purchasing power its per capita GDP is Rs1, 21, 530, and it is at 127th position in the shows the uneven and un expected wealth distribution of its birth years agriculture and manufacturing industries were the only income generating sectors in the country. After the liberalization of economy gradually services sectors also improved and now they occupy major share in Indian economy. In many surveys everyone is optimistic about economy of India. But my question is, is Indian economy sustainable, will a person in the remote village of India benefitted by Sensex rise in the Mumbai. Why there is large gap between villages and cities in India. More than 70% of Indian population lives in villages do they get benefit from economy booming? Does the difference between the daily income of a city labor and village labor minimize? Why many cities in India are becoming capitals of world slum areas? Why many farmers are agitating against SEZ (special economy zone)? Reason to the above all questions is un organized Indian system. More than 50% of Indian labor depends on Agriculture but no strict laws and regulations are made for agriculture labor. India is blessed with natural resources and why it is still lagging in infrastructure and electricity power? In this report I am going to deal with Agribusiness and its implications on Indian economy. Agribusiness generally includes business on food production, farming, contract farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales. I am giving some suggestion to improve the present conditions with my knowledge.

Trends in Indian Agriculture / Agribusiness:

Table 1: Consumption of diet is diversifying across consumer groups

Above diversity in diet has been induced by sustained economic growth and rising per-capita incomes thus consumers having affordability to buy and demanding quality and safety. Rapid growth of urbanization and globalization also add to the above reason. Initially our production system responded very well to the above changes despite the small farmer basis. But eventually when you look at the overall growth, Agribusiness improvement is lower than the aggregate of overall growth.

Figure 1: Growth of agribusiness year wise

From the above graph it is clear that overall income growth rate of farmers is low compared to the people of other working classes. On the different side due to technology improvement traditionally independent firms are converging such as Farm Inputs, Food Production, Nutrition, Pharmaceuticals, Food Processing, Packaging & Logistics Industries, on the other hand farms are becoming factories with GPS aided precision farming, and biotechnology induced special traits. While intensive farming added stress on natural resources producing high soil erosion, thus leading to reduction in fertility and productivity of land. This led to Alarming degradation of forests & commons, aggravating top soil losses and surface run-off. Ground water recharge also declined gradually.

Figure 2: Agricultural output (net export)

Even though the India has inherent natural advantages, the performance of agriculture and Allied sectors have been slow and volatile. Agriculture still supports nearly 55% of the Population in the country and its share in the state GDP has been declining fast. Some of the Issues facing the sector are: Supply Chain Management Issues uneconomic scale of operation, lack of consistency in supply and quality, lack of cost competitiveness, inadequate & inappropriate storage and distribution infrastructure, lack of technical support for the sector, etc. Technological Constraints Small and un-irrigated, unproductive plantations needing replacement / rejuvenation, low productivity of crops due to inferior genetic stocks, inadequate supply of quality planting materials of improved varieties, high incidence of pests and diseases, heavy post-harvest losses, serious erosion and even extinction Of some of the indigenous animal breeds, subsistent livestock farming, quality deterioration due to improper handling of milk and milk products, poor hygienic conditions and practices in slaughterhouses, lack of fish handling facilities, etc. Constraints for Exports inadequacy of exportable varieties, lack of post-harvest infrastructure, high cost of obtaining certification for exports, etc. This is due to a large numbers of problems/constraints faced by this sector which kept it Depressed. These occur throughout the product value chain from input supply to Processing and exports, leading to

low productivity and value added. The constraints must be addressed with a comprehensive and systemic approach throughout the value Chain to remove production, market, and institutional failures and rigidities that impede the development of the sector, and promote demand driven development with maximum participation of the private sector, including farmers. World agricultural product markets are demanding increasingly higher product quality, and unless India's agribusiness products conform to these standards, the agribusiness sector will not be able to enter, let alone compete, on world markets under a WTO regime, including imports. It is therefore imperative that the key constraints in the agribusiness sector leading to its poor performance are identified. (i) Institutional constraints that include weak or nonexistent publicprivate Partnerships, weak institutional capacity and poor coordination between Government agencies and an absence of demand-driven agricultural research and extension; (ii) Market failures that include limited availability of business development services to small entrepreneurs to support business activities and to start new enterprises, limited access to finance and limited capacity for farmer group formation for agribusiness or agro enterprise purposes to develop economies of scale, an effective lobby, or Continuity of supply to ensure strong market penetration. (iii) The lack of a guiding national policy and long-term strategy aimed at developing a dynamic and competitive agribusiness sector. The aim of the government policy is to recommend initiatives within the agribusiness sector concentrate, on the improvement of marketing and market intelligence, improved product quality and shelf life through sound post-harvest practices, achievement of international Compliance and, promoting the establishment of processing plants nationally to give greater value addition at source and improving the bulking up, collection and storage of raw materials. Special attention needs to be paid to the establishment of farmer groups for Effective marketing and collective bargaining, and for them to increase production of quality raw material through improved production practices and the establishment of enterprise associations to produce quality brands, through grading, certification, quality Control and labeling.

It has been advocated by the experts and policy makers that the increase of income, welfare and decrease in rural poverty is possible through diversification in agriculture sector which would be achieved through the present project. The diversification achieved through this project will lead to sustainable growth of agriculture sector and full exploitation of the potential of factors of production involved in agriculture sector. This is in line with the basic aim and objective of agriculture sector. To address these issues, agriculture sector would require substantial changes in terms of technology, markets, institutions and policy. New and appropriate technology will directly help in improving productivity both at cultivation & post-harvest stages and result in better value addition. Competitive and efficient marketing arrangements would lead to higher value realization. Appropriate institutional arrangements would enable improving productivity, better value realization as well as better value addition possibilities. There is a need for change both in the content and approach of research which can be taken up in partnership with private sector on aspects like development of improved crop varieties / hybrids suited to diverse agro-ecologies and micro conditions, production of hybrids, sustainable crop production and protection technologies, conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of plants, insects and other invertebrates, agriculturally important microorganisms, gene prospection, greenhouse production of flowers and vegetables, research in veterinary science, animal science, dairy science, fisheries science, development and improvement of technologies for value addition, shelf life enhancement and quality assurance of livestock and poultry products, cutting edge technologies for various food processing, value addition and exports. However, all these would require creating enabling environment for private sector as well as collective participation of particularly farmers and local entrepreneurs. This necessitates substantial increase in the investments aimed at streamlining agricultural value chain, bringing state of the art technology, encouraging best practices in every aspect

Of agribusiness which will help in reducing total transaction costs and improve realization for farmers. Harnessing the opportunity presented by global trends and local advantages require an enabling framework to accelerate growth. Solutions to address key concerns affecting the agricultural growth and Allied sectors namely improving productivity, minimizing postharvest losses, enhancing post-harvest processing and value addition, enhancing value realization through better marketing channels, sustainable practices in production, processing, branding, marketing, are needed. The policy lays stress on animal husbandry and dairy in terms of generating income and rural employment, increasing the availability of animal protein in the food basket and for generating exportable surplus to target markets. The vast fishery resources of India offer potential for development of the sector in a sustainable manner. One of the main Objectives are to enhance fish production in the state by utilizing offshore resources and increase the fishermans standard of living. Objectives of Agribusiness development: Economic growth through agribusiness development Increasing the production of agriculture sector as a whole Exploiting potentials of non-conventional sub-sectors of agriculture sector such as horticulture, horti-business, vegetable production and floriculture. Enhancing income of the farmers. Improving production of livestock sector. Arresting rural-urban migration by creating employment opportunities in agribusiness sector. The focus of project interventions is on increased productivity, product quality, and value addition by removing constraints facing agribusinesses that occur throughout the product value chain from production and input supply to processing and exports. Poverty alleviation Skill enhancement in horticulture, horti-business, livestock, dairy, floriculture and in vegetable production. Formulation and re-orientation of national policies with regards to above sub-sectors of rural economy.

Creation of an enabling environment Provision of appropriate support services for agribusiness. The re-structuring and strengthening of institutions to facilitate development of agribusiness, Capacity building and enhanced coordination Establishing an Agribusiness Support Fund for the business development services (BDS) provision. Providing cost sharing grants for BDS and enhancing competitiveness. Policy framework and an enabling environment through strengthening institutions, their enhanced coordination and capability. Establishing a project implementation and evaluation capacity Emphasis on raw material supply by improving production and yields and enhancing product quality and uniformity. The main components of Agri Business sector comprise: (i) Agribusiness policy and enabling environment development (ii) Agribusiness finance development (iii) Agribusiness capacity building. (iv) Agribusiness support services provision. Agribusiness policy and enabling environment development: The component will work towards the development of an appropriate policy and enabling environment for private-sector-led agribusiness development. In tangible terms the Project will assist in the development of national and provincial policies to redefine roles and responsibilities in the agribusiness and horticulture sectors; strengthen the regulatory framework, in particular for alignment with international standards; and create effective public-private partnerships to promote sector development. In India the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation formulates and implements National Policies and Programs aimed at Achieving rapid agricultural growth and development through optimum utilization of countrys land, water, soil and plant resources. The Department essentially supplements and complements the efforts being made by the State Governments to promote agricultural

Production and productivity. It also makes direct intervention in matters connected with trade, price policy, credit, etc. Some of the more important functions discharged by the Department to achieve the aforesaid objectives are briefly indicated below: Endeavoring adequate and timely supply of inputs and services such as agricultural credit, fertilizers, pesticides, seeds and implements to the farmers; Administering Crop Insurance Scheme to provide relief to the Farmers in the event of crop failure; Laying down Minimum Support Prices for certain key agricultural commodities to ensure food security for the country and remunerative prices for the farmers; Assisting the States in the management of drought and to Undertake scarcity relief measures; Endeavoring to bring about the integrated development of marketing of agricultural produce to safeguard the economic interests of the farming community; Assisting the State Governments to bring improvement in agricultural extension services by adopting new institutional arrangements through the involvement of NGOs, Farmers Organizations and Agricultural Universities; Promoting Plant Protection measures through dissemination of appropriate information and technology; Working towards promoting measures for production of quality seeds and distribution of improved plant varieties; Developing suitable strategies for rain fed farming through inter alia, peoples participation for holistic and integrated development of potential watershed and promotion of farming system approach for augmenting income and nutritional level of farming communities; and Strengthening the cooperative movement through appropriate policy measures and also through the organizations like National Cooperative Development Cooperation (NCDC), The National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED) and National Cooperative Union of India (NCUI). Even though it is in existence right from Independence, no significant contribution had done by it. It is evident from the conditions of

farmers. One farmer committed suicide for every 32 minutes in India between 1997and 2005. REASON OF SUICIDE: Because of increasing price of seeds & fertilizers they have to take loan. But there is no guarantee of result because Indian farmers are forced to live in a situation where monsoon rain is the key. Due to corruption & state level politics implementation of water facility to farmers are still in process. India is a country where monsoon rainfall is uneven. Some parts can witness floods, some can drought & remain can in good situation and then indebtedness. Also farmer depends on old method of farming using cows rather than tractor because they have no money.900,000 American farmers produce about the same agricultural output as Indias 300,000,000 farmers. Another reason is hole in distribution system, no road in villages & lack of facility of storage .Farmers are forced to sell their food in below cost price because of poor delivery & mechanism system. Undue advantage by local mafia & dealers with the help of local politicians .Some of politicians are taking work from criminals & they are getting money from local businessmen in the name of donation. Other argument is due to increasing price of transport, petrol-diesel, state tax these increases distribution cost up to 50%. So is hard for poor farmer to sell in market. But the irony is that the money sanctioned by Central Government for poor farmers is being digested by corrupt politicians like in Maharashtra & Madhya Pradesh. Around 5 lakh 635 villages in India, Government forcefully taking farmers land in the name of Black Law called Land Acquisition Act that was made by Britishers only to exploit & destroy India. This is giving direct benefit to Industry & politicians, but who cares farmers? Before 1857 almost every Indian farmers had at least 20 Acres of land. Around 25 Crore sugar Farmers are in India. 38 % fertile agriculture land is available in India. But farmers forced to sell Rs-250/ 100 KG sugarcane in India, but industry sells Rs-35/Kg sugar in India.

Green Revolution: Even though green revolution improved the outcome Indian food products it made Indian farmers life worst. When India's government launched the Green Revolution more than 40 years ago, it pressured farmers to grow only high-yield wheat, rice and cotton instead of their traditional mix of crops. The new miracle seeds could produce far bigger yields than farmers had ever seen, but they came with a catch: The thirsty crops needed much more water than natural rainfall could provide, so farmers had to dig wells and irrigate with groundwater. The system worked well for years, but government studies show that farmers have pumped so much groundwater to irrigate their crops that the water table is dropping dramatically, as much as 3 feet every year. So farmers like Sandeep keep hiring the drilling company to come back to their fields, to bore the wells ever deeper on this day, to more than 200 feet. Farmers In Debt: The groundwater problem has touched off an economic chain reaction. As the farmers dig deeper to find groundwater, they have to install ever more powerful and more expensive pumps to send it gushing up to their fields. Sandeep says his new pump costs more than $4,000. He and most other farmers have to borrow that kind of cash, but they are already so deep in debt that conventional banks often turn them away. So Sandeep and his neighbors have turned to "unofficial" lenders local businessmen who charge at least double the banks' interest rate. The district agriculture director, Palwinder Singh, says farmers can end up paying a whopping 24 percent.

Another side effect of the groundwater crisis is evident at the edge of the fields thin straggly rows of wheat and a whitish powder scattered across the soil. The white substance is salt residue. Drilling deep wells to find fresh water often taps brackish underground pools, and the salty water poisons the crops. "The salt causes root injuries," Palwinder says. "The root cannot take the nutrients from the soil." Destroying the Soil : In the village of Chotia Khurd, farmers agree that the Green Revolution used to work miracles for many of them. But now, it's like financial quicksand. Studies show that their intensive farming methods, which government policies subsidize, are destroying the soil. The high-yield crops gobble up nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorous, iron and manganese, making the soil anemic. The farmers say they must use three times as much fertilizer as they used to, to produce the same amount of crops yet another drain on their finances. A farmer named Suba Singh has seen the good and bad effects of the Green Revolution. Clad in a bright blue turban and his face furrowed like a field, he opens a squeaky wooden gate to his compound. He points to a small building made of mud and straw, with faded green doors. "That's where my family used to live," he says. During the profitable years of the Green Revolution, he saw that everyone else in the village was building brick houses. "So I took out a loan," he says, "and built a brick house for my family, too."

He turned the old mud house into his cattle shed. But now he is in debt. A study by the Punjab State Council for Science and Technology calls it a "vicious cycle of debt." Suba and the other farmers say they've had to borrow money to buy just about everything that makes them look prosperous their brick homes, tractors, cattle, even their plastic chairs. The farmers have also built their Green Revolution farms and lifestyle on another unstable source of money: Family members have moved overseas to find jobs, because they couldn't make a living farming, and now they send part of their income back to Chotia Khurd to support their relatives. "It's like a disease that is catching on in the world," says Suba, "building a life that is like a house of cards." A System About To Collapse? Some leading officials in the farming industry wonder when this house of cards might collapse. "The state and farmers are now faced with a crisis," warns a report by the Punjab State Farmers Commission. India's population is growing faster than any country on Earth, and domestic food production is vital. But the commission's director, G.S. Kalkat, says Punjab's farmers are committing ecological and economic "suicide." If he is correct, suicide is coming through national policies that reward farmers for the very practices that destroy the environment and trap them in debt. Kalkat says only one thing can save Punjab: India has to launch a brand new Green Revolution. But he says this one has to be sustainable.

The problem is, nobody has yet perfected a farming system that produces high yields, makes a good living for farm families, protects and enhances the environment and still produces good, affordable food.

Figure 3: Final impact of Green revolution

Figure4: farmer looking desperately at the sky for rain

Now the problem in India is farmers have to pay huge amount of money for Fertilizer (urea) & insecticide. Before 1857 in India farmers were using natural fertilizers from cow dung & natural insecticide from herbs (neem,pudina,tulsi). Excess use of chemicals can destroy farm land.(all of the data about green revolution is adapted from Agribusiness finance development: Indian Agribusiness finance system is mostly unorganized. There is relatively less government intervention compared to sector size. NABARAD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) is an apex development bank based in Mumbai, Maharashtra has been accredited with "matters concerning policy, planning and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India. Along with this there are state wide co-operative banks in respective states. In some states there are some micro finance organizations which give relatively less amount of loans to small startups. But recently there has been wide opposition to these citing their harsh and unethical ways of collecting money back.

The world is ever changing and it needs constant innovations to keep up with change. Innovators and entrepreneurs have created the world's most prominent companies. The Indian economy depends largely on agriculture and there is need for innovative interventions and enhanced entrepreneurial initiatives. The Indian Council of Agriculture and Research (ICAR), the apex body of Govt. of India for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture has launched a new initiative called Network of Indian Agri-Business Incubators (NIABI). NIABI has been set-up through National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), World Bank aided project wherein ICAR act as a Catalyzing Agent for Management of Change in the Indian National Agricultural Research System (NARS). NIABI is operated out of ten Business Planning & Development (BPDs) units of the five ICAR research institutes and five State Agriculture Universities (SAUs) coordinated by the Agri-Business Incubator of International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ABI-ICRISAT) located at Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh. The BPDs include Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology (CIRCOT-Mumbai), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARINew Delhi), Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI-Izatnagar), National Institute Research Jute Allied Fiber Technology, (NIRJAFTKolkata), Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT-Cochin), Anand Agricultural University (AAU-Gujarat), Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (JNKVV-Jabalpur), Tamilnadu Agricultural University (TNAU-Coimbatore), Birsa Agricultural University (BAU-Ranchi) and Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCSHAU-Hisar). The mission of NIABI is "to enhance agri-business development and impacts on agriculture through co-business incubation". NIABI cover a wide spectrum in agriculture and allied sectors like veterinary, fisheries, dairy, commercial crops, food processing and many other sectors making it a one-of-a-kind network in agri-business in India. NIABI shall help innovators and entrepreneurs setup and operate successful agri business ventures thus serving as one stop solution for entrepreneurs across the country through co-business incubation platform. Innovators and entrepreneurs will be provided with ample

support and services by the NIABI, right from access to scientists, state-of-the-art research facilities, a pool of commercializable technologies, to very basic needs like providing infrastructure facilities. NIABI also provides soft-landing support for international firms that want to set-up base in India, and Indian companies that want to set up operations aboard. Farmers need access to the most effective and appropriate technologies if they are to continue feeding a growing global population. For a country that depends so hugely on its agriculture NIABI is a step in the right direction, an initiative that brings together two of the most powerful forces of the Indian economy, agriculture and entrepreneurship, both working towards one common goal, a brighter, greener future. Most of numbers of farmers dont know about all these things mentioned. Most of the farmers belong to first and second generation and third generation is relatively less interested in doing farming citing various burdens. Farmers generally take debt from money lenders and start seeding when rain falls. If they cant afford to repay the debts most of them end their lives by committing suicide and sometimes they die due to hunger, what a sad state to the worlds most sacrificer. He produces food for entire India but he dies due to hungry. The average monthly per capita expenditure of the Indian farm household is just Rs-600. Of that, 60 per cent roughly was spent on to food and another 18 per cent on fuel, clothing and footwear. Five worst affected states Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Agribusiness Support Service Provision: In this part of work we should provide more access to Business Development Services (BDS) of agribusiness enterprises by financing eligible services for capacity building, including technical, managerial, financial, and marketing skills. We should have Agribusiness Support Fund (ASF); a nonprofit company, to provide funds to eligible Agribusiness enterprises, farmers, research and extension service providers,and BDS providers. Eligible services for ASF finance should include

(i) capacity-building and related assistance to existing agribusiness enterprises and for enterprise start-ups, but excluding the financing of capital equipment; (ii) Support to individual farmers and farmers' groups for the formation of legally registered agribusiness enterprises that can then obtain ASF Support for other eligible services; (iii) demand-driven research by private or public sector research institutions leading to increased and better quality production and Improved production processes, or to meet an identified market demand (iv) Development of private sector extension services to be provided to small-scale farmers proposing to supply raw materials to agribusiness enterprises; and (v) Support for private sector BDS providers to enhance the availability and quality of services provided to agribusiness enterprises. Most if the NGOs are doing similar type of work such as it gives micro finance loans to agribusiness related works. Organic farming: Organic farming is basically cow based is supported by traditional Indian agricultural practices. Some major principles of organic farming: 1. No tillage 2. No fertilizer 3. No pesticides 4. No weeding 5. No pruning Manure from one cow can maintain 30 acres of cultivation profitably. The only way to the problems of shortage of food grains, water, fuel, shelter, good health, nutrition, eradication of poverty and unemployment is dung-Dung and only Dung The methane produced by cows dung can entirely replace LPG, Kerosene use for cooking and petrol for transportation

Gobar from 75 Mn cows can meet the kerosene and LPG requirement for 100 crore population 40 Mn cows can produce energy equivalent to 8 Mn tonnes petrol ( Our annual national petrol consumption (2003-04 figs) Agri-infrastructure: A structured and pragmatic approach for development of agriinfrastructure through PPPs will lead to greater industrial opportunities in agribusiness. In accordance with the vision laid In the policy, host of infrastructure facilities are planned. Post-harvest Infrastructure: a. Network of collection centers, storage halls, pre cooling, cold storage, primary processing centers, mobile processing units, high humidity cold storage, deep freezers, controlled atmospheric storage, modified atmospheric storage, grading & packing halls, pack houses, refrigerated transport, warehouses etc. b. Mechanization of harvest operation of the product c. Sheds for intermediate storage and grading/storage/cleaning operation of product d. Mechanized handling facilities including sorting, grading, washing, waxing, ripening, packaging & palletisation etc. e. Modern silo storage system f. Facilities for pre-shipment treatment such as fumigation, X-ray screening, hot water dip treatment, water softening plant, Vapor heat treatment, electronic beam processing, irradiation facilities etc. g. Harvest and post-harvest technologies for fisheries like new generation fishing vessels and gears, processing, value addition, packaging h. Specialized transport units for horticulture and floriculture sector, fisheries and animal products

i. Perishable air cargo complex j. Terminal markets k. Integrated agri-logistics infrastructure and hubs l. Retail outlets for perishable & non-perishable products Agri-Horti Animal Husbandry Fisheries Food Processing Corridor of Excellence Industrial Infrastructure: a. Agribusiness Investment Regions of large size of about 5000 hectares covering food parks, Agri SEZs, common processing hubs etc are planned. These would have state of art infrastructure including general infrastructure such as site grading, roads, power, water, communications, drainage, sewerage, sewage treatment plant, effluent treatment plant, storm water drains, rain water harvesting, firefighting etc. specialized infrastructure such as auction halls, cold storages, quarantine facilities, quality control labs, quality certification centers, raw material storage, controlled and modified atmospheric storage, primary processing centers, central processing centers etc. b. Agribusiness Investment Areas for major commodities at strategic locations in the corridor and at other potential locations is planned. These areas would have state of art general and specialized infrastructure facilities c. Agri clinics d. Agri Jetty/port e. Railway sidings for handling agro commodities f. Transportation hub g. Infrastructure development for quality and clean milk production and processing for value addition h. Development of modern fishing harbors including modernization and equipping all existing fishing harbors and fish landing centers in accordance with the guidelines of Export

Inspection Council, Government of India, to satisfy Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) norms i. Development of additional fish landing center at potential locations with facilities like safe landing, outfitting and repair facilities for the traditional and small-size motorized fishing vessels and fishing gear etc ., apart from facilities like auction hall , net mending area, iceplant and fish handling facilities with modern facilities and hygiene standards, etc. j. Common infrastructure facilities for industry cluster and environment control system e.g. pollution control, effluent treatment, establishment and modernization of rural and urban slaughter houses etc. Agri Horti Animal Husbandry Fisheries Food Processing Corridor of Excellence Education & Knowledge hubs: The corridor shall enjoy excellent research and development, education and knowledge support through creation of: a. Centre of Excellence b. Market information centers c. Know-how dissemination centers d. Agriculture education hubs e. R&D institutions f. Skill development institutions g. Common service centers

Villages are the real India as 70% of India lives there and most of them do Agriculture for livelihood. But welfare schemes available for them are like drop in ocean. Every year farmers get loans from private money lenders to start seeding as rain season starts.