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Eco-Design Directive (EuP):

Analysis of Lighting Implementing Measures


244/2009: Non-directional household lamps 245/2009: Street & office lighting

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Table of Contents
Section Introduction 1. The EuP Directive in Brief EuP Scope: Product, Market, Process EuP Adoption/Timeline 2. Reg 244/2009 for Non-directional Household Lamps Definition of non-directional household lamps Detailed phase-out plan/table Important dates Requirements for non-directional lamps Products not covered under the regulation Efficiency of lamp technologies table Page 3 4 4 5 6 6 7 8 8 9 10

3. Reg 245/2009 for Office Lighting & Public Street Lighting 11 Eco-design requirements Important dates Practical applications of the requirement Products not covered under the regulation 4. Verification Procedure for Market Surveillance Purposes For lamps For ballasts and luminaires 5. Interteks EuP Services 11 12 12 13 14 14 14 15

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Eco-design Directive 2005/32/EC EC Reg No. 244/2009 Part 1 Non-directional household lamps EC Reg No. 245/2009 Fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps Introduction
The Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products (EuP) 2005/32/EC requires manufactures and importers to demonstrate compliance with the Directives product category-specific requirements outlined in the Implementing Measures (IMs). The EuP Directive is CE Marking legislation, but differs from other EU legislation as its intended to encompass the entire life cycle of energy using products. The Directives IMs provide the specific compliance requirements, segmented by approximately 30 product categories with more product categories to be identified in the future. The Implementing Measures for Non-directional Household Lamps (244/2009) came into effect on April 13th, 2009. According to the endorsed regulation applied to non-directional household lamps, all incandescent lamps will be phased out from the EU market in 4 stages, the first starting in September 2009 and the last finishing in 2012. Stages 5 and 6, which are effective in September of 2013 and 2016 respectively, focus on more ambitious functionality requirements and raising the minimum level to class B for clear lamps, and phasing out class C retrofit halogen lamps. The EU has also released the Implementing Measure for Office & Public Street Lighting, which became effective on 13 April 2009. Commission Regulation (EC) No. 245/2009 covers implementing eco-design requirements for: Fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast High-intensity discharge lamps Ballasts and luminaries able to operate such lamps

This Regulation will replace Directive 2000/55/EC in regard to energyefficiency requirements for ballasts for fluorescent lighting one year after entry into force.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

1. The EuP-Directive in Brief


General lighting is the fifth product group drawn to vote within the framework of the EU Directive on Eco-design, also known as the EUP Directive (Energy using Products) 2005/32/EC, which entered into force in August 2007 and applies throughout the EU. The Directive aims to reduce the energy use and other negative environmental impacts throughout the life cycle of products powered by electricity, fossil or renewable fuels. The Directive means that manufacturers must take into account energy use and other environmental factors in the product design. Both producers and importers will be affected by the Directive. In order to CE mark products, and thus sell the products on the European market, the Directive requires adaptation of your products after the "Implementing Measures" that are currently being developed for different products. The first phase of the EuP Directive involves around 30 product categories and more are likely to be affected in the future. The main purpose of the EuP Directive is to: Reduce energy consumption Reduce negative environmental impacts Promote a sustainable environment

EuP Scope: Product, Market, Process The Directive applies to all products and/or product groups that require energy in order to function as intended (excluding vehicles that transport humans or goods--cars, trains, ships, and airplanes). The products should fulfill the following criteria in order to be included in an action or to be selfregulating: 1. The product should represent a significant volume of sales and trade within the EU, namely, exceeding 200,000 market units across all manufacturers (this applies to the entire product group rather than individual products or models, or market volume of an individual manufacturer). 2. The product should, in view of the quantities put on the market and/or used, have a substantial environmental impact within the EU. 3. There should be significant opportunities for improving the products environmental impact without incurring unreasonable costs, in view of the fact that:

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

a. There is no other relevant common legislation for dealing with the problem in a suitable manner and it cannot be solved by market forces. b. There is a large difference in the environmental performance of different Energy using Products on the market with equivalent functions. c. A special method is used to assess whether and to what extent different Energy using Products fulfill these criteria and to outline which eco-design requirements can be established for each specific product. The basic elements of the Eco-design requirement are compiled by a number of groups of experts engaged by the Commission, which then put forward proposals for product requirements. The Commission reviews these on a product by product basis and sends its proposals for product requirements in a consultation document to all EU Member States. The Implementing Measures will be introduced for each product group either through national law or through a daughter directive under the Eco-design Directive for Energy using Products (EuP). EuP Adoption So far, Implementing Measures for standby/off mode, simple set top boxes, street and office lighting, non-directional household lamps and external power supplies have been adopted.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

2. Regulation 244/2009 for Non-directional Household Lamps


Reportedly, lighting represents up to one-fifth of a household's electricity consumption. There is a four to five-fold difference between the energy consumption of the least efficient and the most efficient lighting technologies available on the market. This means that upgrading the lamps could reduce a household's total electricity consumption by up to 10-15% and save 50 per year per household (taking into account the purchasing cost of lamps).1 This has led many countries to ban incandescent light bulbs to save energy. Brazil and Venezuela were the first countries to start phasing out of incandescent lamps in 2005. Australia and New Zealand have made the decision to phase out incandescents by 2010 and Canada by 2012. The EU regulation 244/2009, which was published on 24 March 2009, imposes new eco-design requirements for non-directional household lamps. The measures will apply to such lamps placed on the EU market, even when they are marketed for non-household use or when they are integrated into light fixtures intended for general illumination. Product information requirements are additionally set out for special purpose lamps. As a result of the regulation, EU citizens are expected to save close to 40 TWh (roughly the electrictity consumption of Romania, or of 11 million European households, or the equivalent of the yearly output of 10 power stations of 500 megawatts) and reduce CO2 emission by about 15 million tons of per year. The regulation is expected to return about 5-10 billion euros to the EU economy annually. Definition of "Non-directional" Household Lamps The regulation covers "non-directional" lamps typically used in households for general illumination purposes. In addition to incandescent bulbs, these include halogen lamps and compact fluorescent lamps, among others. Nondirectional lamps emit light equally in all directions, as opposed to directional lamps (such as reflector lamps/spots) where the light is directed by a reflector at a given angle. All non-directional household lamps will have to comply with the same minimum energy efficiency requirements. Because these requirements are set at levels that present-day incandescent bulbs and conventional halogen lamps cannot meet, both incandescent and halogen lamps have been targeted for phase out.

Assuming 20 lamps in the household, which are initially all incandescent lamps and changed to compact fluorescent lamps of equivalent light output.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

In addition to minimum energy efficiency, requirements are also set for functionality of the concerned lamp types (e.g. lifetime and lighting performance), and product information for consumers. The requirements for product information are to enable consumers to better select the appropriate lamps for a given purpose among the alternatives to incandescent lamps. Detailed Phase-out Plan of Inefficient Lamps There are six different stages within the regulations for non-directional household lamps which extends from September 2009 through September 2016. The cut-off date for the Stage 1 requirement is 1 September, 2009. After that date, any product falling into the scope of the regulations sold on the EU market has to meet the EuP Directive. If your product does not meet the regulations, you are not able to CE mark and sell your product in the EU.
Grey cells indicate that the technology is still available at the given time, white cells mean that the technology is phased out according to the provisions given in the "Requirement" column.

Table from http://europa.eu First level of functionality requirements introduced in first stage. LEDs are exempted from all functionality requirements.
2 1

Refers to lamp energy label class. Correction factors apply to certain lamps, allowing them to be B-class. Minimum requirement for all lamps: E class. F and G lamps phased out. Only special cap halogen lamps are allowed to be class C.

3 4

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Inefficient, non-clear (non-transparent) lamps will be phased out beginning 1 September 2009. Non-clear lamps will be required to be A-class according to the EU lamp energy label (or slightly less efficient for certain lamps such as those with external envelope). Inefficient clear (transparent) lamps will be phased out progressively, starting with the highest wattage (100 W incandescent bulbs and above) in 2009. From September 2009, lamps equivalent in light output to 100 W transparent incandescent bulbs and above will have to be at least class C (improved halogens instead of incandescent bulbs). By the end of 2012, the other wattage levels will follow and will also have to reach at least class C. The most commonly used bulbs, the 60 W, will remain available until September 2011 and 40 W and 25 W bulbs until September 2012. The regulation will only apply to the products that are "placed on the market" (sold by the manufacturer or importer) after the deadline for the requirements. Therefore, for Stage 1, all 100 W incandescent bulbs that were already on the shelves of the retailers or in retailer stocks before 1 September 2009 can continue to be sold until they run out. Each stage also has requirements for lamp efficiency, lamp functionality and product labeling and marking information. Some products will be phased out if they do not meet the lamp efficiency requirements. Important Dates The requirements are introduced in steps according to the schedule below: First phase: 1 September 2009 Second phase: 1 September 2010 Third phase: 1 September 2011 Fourth phase: 1 September 2012 Fifth phase: 1 September 2013 Sixth phase: 1 September 2016

Unless a requirement is superseded or this is otherwise specified, it shall continue to apply together with other requirements introduced at later stages. Requirements for Non-directional Lamps for Household Use Lamp Efficacy. Requirements call for the lamps to fall into Class A of energy efficiency. Lamp functionality. Requirements mainly involve the testing of lumen maintenance, number of switching cycles, starting time, power factor, color rendering, etc.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Product information. Requirements for information to be visibly displayed prior to purchase to end-users on the packaging or website, including the lamp mercury contents if applicable.

Products Not Covered Under the Regulation The requirements set out in the regulation do not apply to the following household and special purpose lamps: Lamps with Chromaticity Coordinates x < 0.200 or x > 0.600 y < -2.3172x + 2.3653x 0.2800 or y > -2.3172 x + 2.3653x 0.1000. Directional Lamps Having at least 80% light output within a solid angle of sr) (corresponding to a cone with angle of 120 ). Directional Lamps Having at least 80% light output within a solid angle of sr) (corresponding to a cone with angle of 120 ). Lamps w/ Luminous Flux < 60 lumens or > 12,000 lumens. Lamps having: 6% or more of total radiation of the range 250-780 nm in the range of 250-400 nm. The peak of the radiation between 315-400 nm (UVA) or 280-315 nm (UVB). Fluorescent Lamps without Integrated Ballast. High-Intensity Discharge Lamps. Special Purpose Lighting LED Traffic Signals, Terrarium Lighting, Household Appliances. Incandescent Lamps with E14/E27/B22/B15 caps, with a voltage equal to or below 60V and without integrated transformer are exempt in Stages 1- 5, but not Stage 6. Incandescent Lamps with S14, S15, or S19 Caps are exempt in Stages 1-4, but not Stages 5 & 6.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Efficiency of Lamp Technologies Compared with Incandescent Lamps (E-class)


The following chart compares the potential energy savings of various lamp technologies with traditional incandescent lamps:

Lamp Technology

Potential Energy Savings 0 15 % 25% 25% 45% 65% 80%

Energy Class

Incandescent lamps Conventional halogens (mains voltage 230 V) Conventional halogens (low voltage 12 V) Halogens with xenon gas filling (mains voltage 230 V) Halogens with infrared coating CFLs with bulb-shaped cover and low light output, LEDs CFLs with bare tubes or high light output, LEDs

E, F, G D, E, F C C B (lower end) B (higher end) A

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

3. Regulation 245/2009 for Office Lighting and Public Street Lighting


The draft for product requirements for street lighting was completed in June 2007, and the proposed eco-design requirements are based on the following trends: The market for lighting products is extensive and is expected to increase from about 1.6 billion points of light in 2005 to 2.3 billion in 2020. The requirements are expected to increase to more light in existing installations. Lighting affects the environment in several ways, including its energy consumption and mercury content. If the number of points of light increased to 2.3 billion, but no specific requirements are made to decrease energy consumption, then energy consumption is expected to increase from 200 TWh to 260 TWh and the use of mercury to increase from 12.6 tonnes to 18.6 tonnes in 2020. Light spread is, however, difficult to measure.

The European Commission decided to merge street and office lighting into a joint proposal for the tertiary sector. The outcome is regulation 245/2009 which came into force on April 13, 2009. The regulation 245/2009 for office and public street lighting sets requirements for Fluorescent Lamps without Integrated Ballast, High-Intensity Discharge Lamps and associated Ballasts and Fixtures for Fluorescent and HID Lamps. There are however several limitations, for instance very small HID lamps (high-intensity discharge) now increasingly popular in the retail sector are not covered. In addition, no reflector lamps are covered since they are to be covered under a separate piece of legislation due out in late 2009. Eco-design Requirements 245/2009: The requirements are divided into the following categories: Demands on the lamps: Lamp efficacy, performance and product information. Demands on the ballasts: Energy performance and product information. Demands on the luminaires: Energy performance and product information.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

The specific requirements for each category are summarized as follows: Requirements on lamps Lamp efficacy: Measured in lumen per watt (lm/W). Detailed values for different lamp types and wattages. Lamp performance: Different parameters for different lamp types. The parameters are colour rendering index (Ra), lamp lumen maintenance factor and lamp survival factor. Lamp product information: Manufacturers shall provide information on free-access websites and in other forms they deem appropriate. That information shall also be contained in the technical documentation file drawn up for the purposes of conformity assessment. The information shall consist of a number of parameters, e.g. nominal and rated lamp wattage, nominal and rated lamp luminous flux, rated lamp efficacy.

Requirements on ballasts Energy performance: This is the ratio between input and output power. There are also requirements for power consumption when the lamp doesnt emit any light. Product information; entails that manufacturers of ballasts shall provide at least the following information on free-access websites and in other forms they deem appropriate. That information shall also be affixed in a distinct and durable form to the ballast. It shall also be contained in the technical documentation file drawn up for the purposes of conformity assessment.

Requirements on luminaires Energy performance is requirements for power consumption when the lamp doesnt emit any light. Also demands for compatible with ballasts complying with the 3rd stage requirements. Product information: Manufacturers of luminaires for fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast with total lamp lumen above 2 000 lumen shall provide information on free-access websites and in other forms they deem appropriate. This information shall also be contained in the technical documentation file drawn up for the purposes of conformity assessment, e.g. maintenance manual and disassembly instructions.

Important Dates The regulation is adopted by the commission and published on 24 March 2009. Entry into force on 13 April 2009. First stage requirements are mandatory from 13 April 2010.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

Practical Applications of the Requirements "Fat" linear T12 (and T10) halo phosphate lamps will be banned from 2012 with the exception of lamps for special purposes. Minimum rated efficacy values will be imposed on various lamp types including T8 and T5 linear lamps, High-Pressure Sodium Lamps, and Metal Halide Lamps. Minimum lumen maintenance levels will be imposed on various lamp types including single and double-capped fluorescent lamps, highpressure sodium lamps, and metal halide lamps. Beginning in 2017, (eight years after the regulation takes effect) all fluorescent lamps must be designed to work with electronic ballasts. Beginning in 2012, new luminaries must be sold with electronic ballasts. Starting in 2017, magnetic ballasts will not be permitted even for replacement in existing luminaries. 90 % of the HPS (high-pressure sodium) lamps should have a life time of more than 16000 hours. Metal halogen lamps should have a minimum life time of 12000 h for 80% (frosted) and 90% (clear). Specific requirements on directional light sources for street lighting luminaries (not only HID) to reduce light pollution. Minimum performance requirements for all HID lamps to minimize mercury content. The products covered are used in offices and on streets, and in other applications, including industrial plants, shops, public buildings, etc.

Products Not Covered Under the Regulation The requirements set out in the regulation shall not apply to the following lamps and special purpose lamps: Lamps that are not White Light Sources Directional Light Sources Lamps intended for use in other applications than general lighting and lamp incorporated into other products not providing a general lighting function. Lamps having: 6% of total radiation of the range 250 -780 nm between 250 - 400 nm

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

11% of total radiation of the range 250-780 nm between 630780 nm 5% of total radiation of the range 250-780 nm between 640 700 nm Peak Radiation between 315 400 (UVA) or 280 315 nm (UVB) Double-Capped Fluorescent Lamps having Specific Diameters A diameter of 7 mm (T2) and less, a diameter of 16 mm (T5) and lamp power P 13 W or P > 80 W, A diameter of 38 mm (T12), lamp cap G-13 Medium BiPin base, +/ 5 m (+magenta, green) color compensating filter value limit (cc). CIE coordinates x=0,330 y=0,335 and x=0,415 y=0,377, and A diameter of 38 mm (T12) and equipped with an external ignition strip. Single capped fluorescent lamps having a diameter of 16 mm (T5) 2G11 4 pin base, Tc = 3 200 K with chromaticity coordinates x=0,415 y=0,377 and Tc = 5 500 K with chromaticity coordinates x=0,330 y=0,335. High intensity discharge lamps with Tc > 7000 K. High intensity discharge lamps having a specific effective UV output > 2 mW/klm; and high intensity discharge lamps not having lamp cap E27, E40, PGZ12. Emergency lighting luminaries and emergency sign luminaries within the meaning of 2006/95/EC. Luminaries covered by the requirements of Directives 94/9/EC,1999/92/EC, 2006/42/EC, 93/42/EEC, 88/378/EEC and luminaries integrated into equipment covered by these requirements.

4. Verification Procedure for Market Surveillance Purposes (Reg 244/2009 & Reg 245/2009)
The Regulations provide that the relevant authorities in Member States will be required to test randomly selected samples. The following procedures are applicable to regulations 244/2009 and 245/2009. For lamps: A batch of 20 lamps of the same model and manufacturer shall be randomly selected and tested. The batch shall be considered as complying with this regulation when the mean value does not differ more than 10% from applicable limits. Otherwise, the model shall be considered not to comply. For ballasts and luminaires: One single unit will be tested. The model shall be considered to comply with this regulation when the results do not exceed the limit values. Otherwise, three more units shall be tested. The model shall be considered to comply with this Regulation if the average of the results of the latter three tests does not exceed 10% of the limit values. Otherwise, the model shall be considered not to comply.

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Eco-Design Directive (EuP): Analysis of the Lighting Implementing Measure

5. Interteks EuP Services


The EuP Directive is an expansive piece of environmental legislation; and if taken on alone by manufacturers can seem onerous to achieve and difficult to document compliance for legal CE Marking. Interteks depth of experts in environmental legislation and product compliance have untangled the EuP Directive and its implementing measures to help manufacturers realize the most cost-efficient, easy to understand and simple path to compliance and market access. Interteks EuP solutions are broken into two categories: 1. EuP Compliance EuP Pre-Compliance Verification: Learn how your product measures up against proposed and future EuP regulations for R&D purposes, compliance planning and to determine market readiness. EuP Compliance Verification: Receive full verification to the appropriate EuP Implementing Measures and Intertek will deliver a test report for your products technical file and Statement of Compliance for legal CE Marking. Well also advise and provide you with the most cost-effective path to compliance with other New Approach Directives.

2. EuP Training & Consulting EuP Training & Consulting: Learn WHAT your quickest and most cost-efficient compliance options are. Well tell you IF, WHEN, and HOW EuP will affect your product. EuP Eco Software Analysis: Let Intertek perform an analysis of your products Ecological profile according to the EuP directive specifications.

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