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1. Decimal Fractions:

Fractions in which denominators are powers of 10 are known as decimal fractions.

1

Thus

1 = 1 tenth = .1;

,

0

1

10 = 1 hundredth = .01;

0

99

7

= 99 hundredths = .99;

10

100 = 7 thousandths = .007, etc.;

0

0

2. Conversion of a Decimal into Vulgar Fraction:

Put 1 in the denominator under the decimal point and annex with it as many zeros as

is the number of digits after the decimal point. Now, remove the decimal point and

reduce the fraction to its lowest terms.

25 1

Thus, 0.25 =

= ;

10

4

0

200 25

8

1

2.008 =

=

.

100 12

0

5

Annexing zeros to the extreme right of a decimal fraction does not change its value.

Thus, 0.8 = 0.80 = 0.800, etc.

If numerator and denominator of a fraction contain the same number of decimal

places, then we remove the decimal sign.

1.8 18

8

Thus 4

4

=

= .

, 2.9 29 1

9

9 3

4. Operations on Decimal Fractions:

i.

placed under each other that the decimal points lie in one column. The

numbers so arranged can now be added or subtracted in the usual way.

Thus, 5.9632 x 100 = 596.32; 0.073 x 10000 = 730.

iii. Multiplication of Decimal Fractions: Multiply the given numbers considering

them without decimal point. Now, in the product, the decimal point is marked

off to obtain as many places of decimal as is the sum of the number of decimal

places in the given numbers.

Suppose we have to find the product (.2 x 0.02 x .002).

Now, 2 x 2 x 2 = 8. Sum of decimal places = (1 + 2 + 3) = 6.

.2 x .02 x .002 = .000008

number without considering the decimal point, by the given counting number.

Now, in the quotient, put the decimal point to give as many places of decimal

as there are in the dividend.

Suppose we have to find the quotient (0.0204 17). Now, 204 17 = 12.

Dividend contains 4 places of decimal. So, 0.0204 17 = 0.0012

v. Dividing a Decimal Fraction By a Decimal Fraction: Multiply both the

number.

Now, proceed as above.

Thus

,

0.0006

0.00066 x

0.06

6 =

100

= 6 = .006

0.11

0.11 x 100

11

5. Comparison of Fractions:

Suppose some fractions are to be arranged in ascending or descending order of

magnitude, then convert each one of the given fractions in the decimal form, and

arrange them accordingly.

36 7

Let us to arrange the fractions , and in descending order.

57 9

3

6

7

Now, = 0.6, = 0.857, = 0.777...

5

7

9

6 7 3

Since, 0.857 > 0.777... > 0.6. So, > > .

7 9 5

6. Recurring Decimal:

If in a decimal fraction, a figure or a set of figures is repeated continuously, then such

a number is called a recurring decimal.

n a recurring decimal, if a single figure is repeated, then it is expressed by putting a

dot on it. If a set of figures is repeated, it is expressed by putting a bar on the set.

2

Thus 1

= 0.333... = 0.3; 2

,

3

7

= 3.142857142857.... =

3.142857.

Pure Recurring Decimal: A decimal fraction, in which all the figures after the

decimal point are repeated, is called a pure recurring decimal.

Converting a Pure Recurring Decimal into Vulgar Fraction: Write the repeated

figures only once in the numerator and take as many nines in the denominator as is the

number of repeating figures.

5

5

67

3

Thus, 0.5 = ; 0.53 = ; 0.067 = , etc.

9

99

9

9

9

Mixed Recurring Decimal: A decimal fraction in which some figures do not repeat

and some of them are repeated, is called a mixed recurring decimal.

Eg. 0.1733333.. = 0.173.

Converting a Mixed Recurring Decimal Into Vulgar Fraction: In the numerator, take

the difference between the number formed by all the digits after decimal point (taking

repeated digits only once) and that formed by the digits which are not repeated. In the

denominator, take the number formed by as many nines as there are repeating digits

followed by as many zeros as is the number of non-repeating digits.

16 1

1

2273 - 225

1

5

22

1

Thus, 0.16 =

= = ; 0.2273 =

=

.

9

990

90

6

9900

0

0

7. Some Basic Formulae:

i.

iii. (a - b)2 = (a2 + b2 - 2ab)

iv. (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca)

v. (a3 + b3) = (a + b)(a2 - ab + b2)

vi. (a3 - b3) = (a - b)(a2 + ab + b2)

vii. (a3 + b3 + c3 - 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 - ab - bc - ac)

viii.When a + b + c = 0, then a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.

Evaluate :

(2.39)2 - (1.61)2

2.39 - 1.61

A.2

C.6

B.4

D.8

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Given Expression =

a2 - b2

a-b

(a + b)(a b)

= (a + b) = (2.39 + 1.61) = 4.

(a - b)

A..0025

C..00027

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

1

1

Required decimal = 60 x = 360 = .00027

60

0

B..0256

D..000126

is:

0.2 x 0.2 x 0.2 + 0.04 x 0.04 x 0.04

A.0.0125

C.0.25

B.0.125

D.0.5

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Given expression =

(0.1)3 + (0.02)3 1

= = 0.125

2 [(0.1)3 + (0.02)3] 8

3

A.0.172

B.1.72

C.17.2

D.172

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

29.9 299.

4 = 4

1.45 14.5

299

4

14.5

1

x

1

0

17

= 2

10

= 17.2

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. When 0.232323..... is converted into a fraction, then the result is:

1

2

A.

B.

5

9

2

23

3

10

C.

D.

9

0

9

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

0.232323... = 0.23 = 2

3

9

9

7.

00

9 = .01

?

A..0009

C..9

B..09

D.9

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

.

Let 009 = .01;

x

.

.

Then x = 009 = 9 = .9

.01 1

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. The expression (11.98 x 11.98 + 11.98 x x + 0.02 x 0.02) will be a perfect square for x

equal to:

A.0.02

B.0.2

C.0.04

D.0.4

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Given expression = (11.98)2 + (0.02)2 + 11.98 x x.

For the given expression to be a perfect square, we must have

11.98 x x = 2 x 11.98 x 0.02 or x = 0.04

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9.

(0.1667)(0.8333)

(0.3333)

(0.2222)(0.6667)

(0.1250)

A.2

C.2.43

B.2.40

D.2.50

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

(0.3333

)

Given expression= (0.2222 x

)

(0.1667)

(0.8333)

(0.6667)

(0.1250)

333

3

1 5

x

6 6

=

x2 125

222

x 100

2 3

0

=

3 1 5 3x

x x x

2 6 6 28

5

2

= 2.50

=

A.47.095

C.47.932

B.47.752

D.47.95

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let 3889 + 12.952 - x = 3854.002.

Then x = (3889 + 12.952) - 3854.002

= 3901.952 - 3854.002

= 47.95.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------11. 0.04 x 0.0162 is equal to:

A

6.48 x 10-3

.

C

6.48 x 10-5

.

B

6.48 x 10-4

.

D

6.48 x 10-6

.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

4 x 162 = 648. Sum of decimal places = 6.

So, 0.04 x 0.0162 = 0.000648 = 6.48 x 10-4

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12.4.2 x 4.2 - 1.9

is equal

x 1.9

to:

2.3 x 6.1

A

0.5

.

C

20

.

B

1.0

.

D

22

.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Given Expression =

(a2 - b2)

=(a2 - b2)= 1.

(a + b)(a b)

(a2 - b2)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13.

14.

144

I

4 , then the value

=

f 0.14

of x is:

x

4

A

0.0144

.

C

14.4

.

B

1.44

.

D

144

.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

144

0.14

4

14.

4

x

144 x

1000

144

14.

= 4

x

14.

4

x=

= 0.0144

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------14. The price of commodity X increases by 40 paise every year, while the price of

commodity Y increases by 15 paise every year. If in 2001, the price of commodity X was Rs.

4.20 and that of Y was Rs. 6.30, in which year commodity X will cost 40 paise more than the

commodity Y ?

A

2010

.

C

2012

.

B

2011

.

D

2013

.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Suppose commodity X will cost 40 paise more than Y after z years.

Then, (4.20 + 0.40z) - (6.30 + 0.15z) = 0.40

0.25z = 0.40 + 2.10

z = 2.5 = 25 = 10.

0

0

0.2

5

25

X will cost 40 paise more than Y 10 years after 2001 i.e., 2011.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15. Which of the following are in descending order of their value ?

A 1 2345 6

B 1 2345 6

, , , ,,

, , , ,,

. 35756 7

. 35576 7

C 1 2345 6

D 6 5432 1

, , , ,,

, , , ,,

. 35567 7

. 76575 3

D

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

No answer description available for this question.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16. Which of the following fractions is

greater than

3 and less 5

?

4 than

6

A1

. 2

4

C5

.

B2

. 3

9

D1

. 0

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

3

4

5

= 0.75,

1

= 0.833,

2

= 0.5,

4

= 0.66,

= 0.8,

9

1 = 0.9.

0

4

3 5

lies between and .

5

4 6

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------17. The rational number for recurring decimal 0.125125.... is:

63

11

A 48

B 9

. 7

. 99

3

12

C 5

D

None of these

. 99

.

9

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

0.125125... = 0.125 = 12

5

99

9

A

B

6.2963

62.965

.

.

C

D

629.6357

None of these

.

.

C

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

617.00

6.017

0.617

+ 6.0017

-------629.6357

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

19.

489.1375 x 0.0483 x

The value

1.956

is closet

of

0.0873 x 92.581 x

to:

99.749

A

0.006

.

C

0.6

.

B

0.06

.

D

6

.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

489.1375 x 0.0483 x

1.956

0.0873 x 92.581 x

99.749

489

=9 x 93 x

10

16

1

3

= x

27 1

9 0

0.5

=8

10

489 x 0.05

x2

0.09 x 93 x

100

= 0.058

0.06.

A

0.0001

.

C

0.01

.

B

0.001

.

D

0.1

.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

2 x 5 = 10.

Sum of decimal places = 4

0.002 x 0.5 = 0.001

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