You are on page 1of 3

Content

Antennas and Adaptive Beamforming


Prof. Rolf Jakoby; Katalog 1.7, 3+1 SWS, ab WS01/02
1 Antenna Fundamentals and Definitions 1.1 Historical advancement 1.2 Types and applications of antennas Application: Antennas in wireless communications systems and sensors 1.3 Antennas radiation, radiation pattern and field regions 1.4 Far-field pattern of an ideal dipole and short dipole 1.4.1 Ideal dipole with uniform current distribution 1.4.2 Short dipole with triangular current distribution Application: Antennas in mobile handsets at low frequencies 1.5 Antenna Modeling: Far-field pattern of line sources 1.5.1 Uniform line source 1.5.2 Tapered line source 1.5.3 Field regions of line sources Application: Modeling of continuous and discrete (array) antennas 1.6 Image Theory: Linear elements near infinite and plane perfect/non-perfect conductors Application: Antennas in mobile communication systems 1.7 Antenna synthesis methods: Beam-shaping synthesis methods 1.8 Fundamental parameters of antennas: radiation power density, effective area, Application: Transmission Factor and Power Budget of Radio Links 2 Array Antennas 2.1 The array factor for linear arrays 2.1.1 Two-element array 2.1.2 Linear array of N elements 2.2 Uniformly excited, equally spaced array (phased-scanning array) 2.3 Non-uniformly excited, equally spaced linear array 2.4 Multi-dimensional planar arrays (N-elements along the z-, x- and y-axis) 2.5 Mutual coupling Application: Array antennas in wireless communication systems and automotive sensors 3 Finite-Length Linear Wire Dipole Antennas With Sinusoidal Current Distribution 3.1 Current distribution 3.2 Radiated far-fields 3.3 Radiation intensity and power 3.4 Directivity 3.5 Radiation resistance and input impedance 3.6 Half-wavelength dipole Application: Wire antennas in navigation, television and radio broadcasting systems 4 Aperture Antennas 4.1 Far-field radiation from apertures 4.2 Horn antennas 4.3 Reflector antennas 4.4 Lens antennas 4.5 Double reflector antenna configurations Application: in satellite systems and broadband radio access networks above 10 GHz

Antennas and Adaptive Beamforming

antenna_content.doc

Content

5 Printed Antennas 5.1 Microstrip patch antennas 5.2 Coplanar slot antennas Application: in base stations, automotive radar . 6 Radiation Integrals and Numerical Calculation Methods for Antennas 6.1 Solution of Maxwells equations for radiation problems 6.2 Solution of the vector wave equation 6.3 Applications of the radiation integrals on antennas 6.3.1 Infinitesimal dipole with uniform current distribution 6.3.2 Short dipole with triangular current distribution 6.3.3 Finite-length linear wire dipole antenna 6.3.4 Rectangular and circular aperture antennas 6.3.5 Reflector and lens antenna configurations 6.4 Numerical Calculation Methods for Antennas 6.4.1 Integral equation methods in the time and frequency domain Example: Thick linear dipole antenna with the method of moments 6.4.2 High-frequency methods Geometrical optics (Aperture Distribution Method) Physical optics (Surface Current Method) Uniform theory of diffraction Example: Radiation fields of reflector antennas 7 Applications of Antenna Systems 7.1 Tracking Antennas 7.2 Antennas in Remote Sensing and Mobile Communications 7.3 Electronically Steerable and Adaptive Antenna Systems (Smart Antennas) 7.3.1 Basic concepts of analog and digital beamforming technologies 7.3.2 Adaptive beamforming (criteria for optimal weights, adaptive algorithms) 7.3.3 Spatial processing in communications 7.3.4 Digital beamforming networks 7.3.5 Digital signal processing technology Application: Electronically steerable antennas in automotive sensors and adaptive beamforming in mobile communications Literature: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, John Wiley & Sons, 1997. Stutzman/Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1998. J. D. Kraus, Antennas, McGraw Hill, 1988. K. Fujimoto, J.R. James, Mobile Antenna Systems Handbook, Artech House, 1994. J. Litva, T. Kwok-Yeung Lo, Digital Beamforming in Wireless Communications, Artech House, 1996. S. Drabowitch u.a., Modern Antennas, Chapman & Hall, 1998. J.F. Zrcher, F.E. Gardiol, Broadband Patch Antennas, Artech House, 1995. C. J. Sletten, Reflectors and Lens Antennas, Artech House, 1988. T.S.M MacLean, Principles of Antennas, Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Antennas and Adaptive Beamforming

antenna_content.doc

Content

Projektseminar: Planar Antenna Systems


(Katalog 1.8, S, 8. Sem., 1+3 SWS, ab SS01)
Application of microstrip- and slot-antenna arrays with beamforming capabilities for wireless communication systems and sensors, e.g. 3rd- and 4th-generation mobile communication systems and automotive near-range radar sensors. 1. Dielectric Substrates Material concepts Properties of different substrates Multilayer structures Fabrication techniques 2. Transmission Lines for Planar Structures Microstrip Coplanar waveguide Stripline Waveguide transitions 3. Planar Antennas Patch antenna Slot antenna Dipole antenna Matching networks Power divider structures 4. Circuitry Elements Active/ passive devices Lumped and distributed elements Packaging and mounting of devices 5. Design Techniques and Simulation Tools FDTD FEM MoM RF circuit simulation Example for a design procedure 6. Measurement Techniques Figures of merit for antennas Measurement of circuit parameters Near Field / Far Field methods Measurement of antenna radiation parameters

Antennas and Adaptive Beamforming

antenna_content.doc