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PROPOSED PUMP HOUSE FOR FLOOD CONTRALL IN PETHIYAGODA AREA ,KALANIYA

1. INTRODUCTION
Pethiyagoda is one of a MFP structures located on Right bank of the Kelani river bund. During the raining season Gravity flow from the pethiyagoda canal is disturbed due to high water level in Kelani River. MFP gates are closed to control back water flow. Due to that reasons local drainage blocked & upstream of Pethiyagoda area subjected to floods. People living in Pethiyagoda area requested a pump house to control the flood from year 2000. During the period of year 2000 & 2001 pump house had been designed with 8 Nos. of 4.26 ft3 /s (0.1206 m3 /s) pumps which having total capacity of 34.08 ft3 /s (0.9648 m3 /s). Pump House had 8 pumping rooms and 6 Nos. of silt control rooms which cover about 100 m2(5.2m x 19m) pump rooms located in series. 90% of design and Estimation part of the project had been completed. But the project did not implemented due to the problem of finding funds. After the flood on May 2010 again a strong request come from the people of the Pethiyagoda area. Hence re design works has been started by Regional Director of Irrigations office Colombo on November 2010. In May 2011, designing part was started again by DR & FD branch, head office, Irrigation Department.

1.1 SCOPE
1. The work to be executed under this Specification consists of the design of Storm water drainage pumping system for pethiyagoda urbanized area.

1.2 OBJECTIVES
1. The objectives of storm water drainage design are as follows: (a) To ensure that inundation of private and public buildings located in flood prone areas occurs only on rare occasions and that, in such events, surface flow routes convey floodwaters below the prescribed velocity/depth limits. (b) To provide convenience and safety for pedestrians and traffic in frequent Storm water flows by controlling those flows within prescribed limits. (c) Retain within each catchment as much incident rainfall and runoff as is possible and appropriate for the planned use and the characteristics of the catchment.

(d) To ensure that the water qualities of drinking water sources are not adversely affected by pollutants due to flood such as nutrients, pathogens, and situation, resulting from development sites.

(b) Redevelopment - Where the proposed development replaces an existing development, the on-site drainage system is to be designed in such a way that the estimated peak flow rate from the site for the design average recurrence interval (ARI) of the receiving minor system is no greater than that which would be expected from the existing development. These Objectives can achieve by the following controls: The provision of safe overland flow paths within developments and on public lands. Available natural pethiyagoda canal should clean and excavate to have undisturbed flow until the point of interest. The provision of controls such as on-site storm water detention, community basins and on-site retention systems to reduce and control storm water runoff. Pethiyagoda available marshy lands should clean and excavate to a depth that can retain considerable amount of storm water. The removal of flood effected development from known floodways and the prohibition of future developments in such floodways. The provision of minimum free-boards for assigning floor levels to reduce the risk of flood damage to property. The installation of pipe/channel systems for the roads to minimize hazard to pedestrian and vehicular traffic caused by uncontrolled surface storm water runoff.

1.3 REFERENCE AND SOURCE DOCUMENTS


Design of Irrigation head works for small catchments Eng. A. J. Ponrajah Technical guide line for irrigation work Eng. A. J. P. Ponrajah Design Notes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 1:10000 Survey sheets and contour maps have not being prepared by Survey Department Catchment Area boundary marked by field inspections and georeferencing Google image in G.I.S. ILWIS software. For drainage canal design, take 10 year return period. Catchments longest water cause using Google image & catchments slop calculated from the Google image and Topo sheets spot elevations & contour lines. P.

2. HYDRAULOGICAL AND HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS


1 2 3 4 Hydrological Analysis Considerations, Drainage Basin Characteristics Size Slope = 4302700 m2 = 0.435% = public lands 93% and marshy = sandy = 304620 m2

5 Land use lands 7% Soil Type 6 Storage(detention)

7
Referen ce Calculation According to 1:50000 topographical sheet only one 10m contour line can be identified through out that catchment area. Hence maximum elevation difference is 10m Longest water cause = 2300 m table 4.2.6
design of Irrigation head works for small catchments

Output

L = 2300m C =0.4

Because of this area is a residential area, Catchments slope = 10/2300 =0.435% run off coefficient = 0.4 average velocity = 1.5 ft/s T c = L/v*60 + 15 minute = 7546/(1.5*60) + 15 = 987.80 minute Say = 100 minute Intercity, Hydrological zone = 3 Return period = 10 years I = 2.5 inch/hr

table 4.2.6 eq :4.2.6

T c = 100 minute

Page:29 Fig 4.1.2.4 Eq: 4.2.1

I = 2.5 inch/hr

Catchment area = 1062.77 Acr Q = CIA = 0.4*2.5*1062.77 = 1062.77 cusec But According to page No116 of Technical Guide Lines for Irrigation works inflow design flood can be consider as following

Inflow design flood = 0.55 Q = 0.55 * 1062.77 = 584.52 cusec = 16.55 m3/s
Technical guide line for irrigation work

When Tc = rainfall duration


inflow Hydrograph
20 15 10 5 0 0 100 200

Pg: 116

design of Irrigation head works for small catchments

Detention, Marshy land Detention Area = 304620 m 3 Detention volume = 304620 * 0.15 (depth = 6) = 45693 m3 Inflow = Detention + Q Q = 8.93 m3/s Even though inflow design flood =9.24 m3 /s the approach canal section should be able to carry such a flow. Presently at the road bridge 5 x 5 opening available for water flow. According to longitudinal section survey was done on 17-02-2000 canal bed slope from 40m to 140m. Slop = ( 0.52+0.53+0.61) - (0.35+0.26+0.24) 3 3 (140 -40 ) S = 0.0027 But above bed slope 2.7 x 10-3 will not be able to maintain without concrete canal lining. It will cause to scouring because the slope is higher that 4 x 10-4

Q design= 8.93 m3/s

4.4.1

S = 0.0027

Manning formula, Q = A R 2/3 S1/2 n n = 0.025 (for concrete canal) 1.5 m

1.5 m Existing Bridge opening Area Area of canal = 1.5*1.5 m2 R = 2.25/(3*1.5) Q = A R 2/3 S1/2 n Q = 2.25* 0.5 2/3 .00271/2 0.025 Q = 2.95 m3 s-1 According to the above data available area is not sufficient to take peak discharge of 8.93 m3/s. Both sides of the canal reservation area encroached by the people. Hence for widening the canal needs, land acquisition. Hence by considering existing canal flow capacity of 2.95 m3 / s and peak discharge of 8.93 m3/s , bridge opening need to improve to the required size. Even though the peak discharge is 8.93 m3/s, some part of the rain fall going to be pump by another proposed pump house Pump (located paliyagoda area). Catchments house, 3 Q=7.5 m /s Peak runoff going to be reduces. Therefore Design peak runoff take as 7.5 m3/s for proposed pump house for pethiyagoda.

Existing levels, Canal bed level Road top level

= =

0.18 MSL 2.569 MSL 0.60 m 1.789 m

B m

Maximum canal dept 1.789 m Say Take depth (y) = 1.80 m Q = AR


2/3

2.569 0.18 =

= 1.8 m

S1/2
2/3

n Q = B*1.8 (B/(2+B)) 0.025 Q = Say Height 7.5 m3/s

0.00271/2

Canal, width=2.0 m Height=2.4 m

B = 1.93 m B = 2.00 m = 1.8 +0.6 m = 2.4 m

Existing canal section width should widen to 2.0 m.

3. PUMP STATION DESIGN PARAMETERS


Because of the complex relationship between the variables of pumping rates, storage, and pump on-off settings, a trial and error approach is usually necessary for estimating the pumping rates and storage required for a balanced design. A wide range of combinations will produce an adequate design. The goal is to develop an economic balance between volume and pumping capacity. A Pump house proposed to pump out rainwater when gravity flow is not possible. Proposed to install two pumps of 0.7 m3 /s and another three pumps of 2.0 m3 /s. As at the initial stage Proposed to install one pump of 0.7 m3 /s and another pump of 2.0 m3 /s and keep three locations as space to install a suitable pumps of 0.7 m3 /s or 2m3 /s by considering inspected field flood conditions.

3.1 PUMP HOUSE ARRANGEMENT PRIOR TO THE FLOW IN TO PUMP HOUSE.


Size of the pump house, length = 22.225 m Width = 12.75 m Height = 15.00 m Number of pumps = 5 no 3 0.7 m /s = 2 no 2 m3/s = 3 no Gravity flow allow to flow from the centre of the structure. Type of pumps = Vertical Axial flow pumps (Axial pumps were design to deliver huge volumes of water at low discharge head and high efficiency.) Pumping system = vertical Drive system (engines) = Electric current

3.1.1 Design High Water Level


The highest permissible water level in the wet well must be set as 2 feet or more below the gutter pan. At the design inflow, some head loss will occur through the pipes and appurtenances leading to the pump station. Road level=2.569 MSL

Maximum, flood level = 1.98 MSL

Structure Sill level= - 0.329 MSL

Canal bed level = 0.18 MSL

3.1.2 Determine Pump Pit Dimensions


Determine the minimum required plan dimensions for the pump station from Manufacturers literature or from dimensioning guides such as those provided by the Hydraulic Institute. As guidance Gingaga, halpothota 2 cumec pump installation details were used. Because proposed pumps also have same capacity as Gingaga halpothota pump houses. Clearances allowed inside the pump house for electrical panels and other associated equipment that will be Housed in the pump station building.

Figure 1: Wet Pit Dimensions, Plan and Elevation View, Wet-Pit Type Pumps

3.1.4 Advantages of Vertical Pumps


The advantages of selecting a vertical shaft pump for storm water pumping include: Low maintenance requirements, Easy access to the driver, Use of drive shafts up to 12-m (40-ft), Fresh water flushing of bearings as a viable lubrication alternative to grease where there is a municipal water supply, and a small floor area which is sufficient to accommodate the axial pump bowl.

3.1.5 Disadvantages of Vertical Pumps


The disadvantages of selecting a vertical shaft pump for storm water pumping include: Questionable cost-effectiveness of water lubrication (because of the small number of annual operating hours of a storm water pumping station and the relative ease of providing effective grease lubrication), Unsuitability of shallow sumps (due to submergence requirements) Requirement for two additional elbows for the vertical type, angleflow pump -- one in the suction and one in the discharge, Limited access to the pump, which requires pulling the entire assembly out of the pump station, Noise level, which is generally greater than for submersible pumps, and shaft stretch, which wears impellers and bowls unless the thrust bearing is kept carefully adjusted.

Figure 2 Vertical pump is rectangular wet well.