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Liquidity Analysis Ratios Current Ratio Current Ratio = Current Assets -------------Current Liabilities

Quick Ratio Quick Ratio = Quick Assets -------------Current Liabilities

Quick Assets = Current Assets - Inventories Net Working Capital Ratio Net Working Capital Ratio = Net Working Capital ---------------Total Assets

Net Working Capital = Current Assets - Current Liabilities Cash + Marketable Securities ---------------------------Current Liabilities

Cash Ratio =

Operating Cash Flow Operation cash flow ratio = -----------------Total Debts

Profitability Analysis Ratios Return on Assets (ROA) Return on Assets (ROA) = Net Income ---------------Average Total Assets

Average Total Assets = (Beginning Total Assets + Ending Total Assets) / 2 Return on Equity (ROE) Return on Equity (ROE) = Net Income -----------------------Average Stockholders' Equity

Average Stockholders' Equity = (Beginning Stockholders' Equity + Ending Stockholders' Equity) / 2 Return on Common Equity (ROCE) Return on Common Equity =

Net Income -----------------------------Average Common Stockholders' Equity

Average Common Stockholders' Equity = (Beginning Common Stockholders' Equity + Ending Common Stockholders' Equity) / 2 Gross Margin Gross Margin = Gross Profit ----------------Sales

Earnings Per Share (EPS) Earnings Per Share = Net Income --------------------------------Number of Common Shares Outstanding

Operating Margin = Operating Income / Net Sales Return on investment (ROI) =

Return on net assets (RONA)

Return on capital (ROC)

Risk adjusted return on capital (RAROC)

Return on capital employed (ROCE)

Cash flow return on investment (CFROI)

Efficiency ratio

Net gearing

Basic Earnings Power Ratio

Activity Analysis Ratios Assets Turnover Ratio Assets Turnover Ratio = Sales -----------------Average Total Assets

Average Total Assets = (Beginning Total Assets + Ending Total Assets) / 2 Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio = Sales ----------------------Average Accounts Receivable

Average Accounts Receivable = (Beginning Accounts Receivable + Ending Accounts Receivable) / 2 Inventory Turnover Ratio Inventory Turnover Ratio = Cost of Goods Sold ----------------

Average Inventories Average Inventories = (Beginning Inventories + Ending Inventories) / 2

Average collection period

Degree of Operating Leverage (DOL)

DSO Ratio

Average payment period

Stock turnover ratio

Inventory conversion ratio

Inventory conversion period

Receivables conversion period

Payables conversion period

Cash Conversion Cycle Inventory Conversion Period + Receivables Conversion Period - Payables Conversion Period

Capital Structure Analysis Ratios Debt to Equity Ratio Debt to Equity Ratio = Total Liabilities ---------------------Total Stockholders' Equity

Interest Coverage Ratio Interest Coverage Ratio = Income Before Interest and Income Tax Expenses --------------------------------Interest Expense

Income Before Interest and Income Tax Expenses = Income Before Income Taxes + Interest Expense

Capital Market Analysis Ratios Price Earnings (PE) Ratio Price Earnings Ratio = Market Price of Common Stock Per Share ----------------------------------Earnings Per Share

Market to Book Ratio Market to Book Ratio = Market Price of Common Stock Per Share --------------------------------Book Value of Equity Per Common Share

Book Value of Equity Per Common Share = Book Value of Equity for Common Stock / Number of Common Shares Dividend Yield Dividend Yield = Annual Dividends Per Common Share --------------------------------------Market Price of Common Stock Per Share

Book Value of Equity Per Common Share = Book Value of Equity for Common Stock / Number of Common Shares

Dividend Payout Ratio Dividend Payout Ratio = Cash Dividends ------------Net Income

Dividend cover (the inverse of Payout Ratio)

Cash flow ratio or Price/cash flow ratio

Price to book value ratio

Price/sales ratio

PEG ratio

Other Market Ratios EV/EBITDA

EV/Sales

ROA = Profit Margin X Assets Turnover Ratio

ROA = Profit Margin X Assets Turnover Ratio Net Income Net Income Sales ------------------- ------------ROA = ---------------------- = - X Average Total Assets Sales Average Total Asset Profit Margin = Net Income / Sales Assets Turnover Ratio = Sales / Averages Total Assets

Debt ratio

Debt to equity ratio

Long-term Debt to equity

Times interest-earned ratio / Interest Coverage Ratio

OR

Debt service coverage ratio