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PROFILE OF THE STUDY AREA

KARUR DISTRICT Origin of Karur District: Karur Taluk, which was once a part of Comibatore district, was merged with Truchirapplli district during 1910. Karur district was formed through Government Order 913 Dated 30.10.1995. Karur District, with headquarters at Karur, is the centrally located district of Tamil Nadu. Its about 371 km south west Chennai (Madras), the capital of Tamil Nadu. Karur district is bounded by Namakkal District in the noth, Dindigul District in the south, Tiruchirappali district on the east and Erode District on the west. History of Karur district: Karur has a very long history and has been sung by various sangam poets. In history, it has been the battleground of various Tamil Kings like Chera, Chola, pandya and Pallavas because of strategic location. The district has a very rich and varied cultural heritage. Karur is one aoth oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the history and culture of the Tamils. Revenue Division in Karur District 1.Karur 2.Kulithali Taluks in Karur district 1.Aravakurichi 2. Kaur 3. Krishanarayapuram 4. Kulithalai Blocks in Karur district 1. K.Paramathy 2. Aravakurichi Krishanarayapuram 7. Thogaimalai. Karur district has 4 Municipalities 1. Karur 2.Inam Karur 3. Thanthoni 4. Kulithalai 10 Town Panchayats and 158 Village Panchayats and 203 revence Villages. Karur district has 4 Assembly constituencies of which one is a reserved namely Krishnarayapuram constituency. Karur Parliamentary constitutes 6 Assembly constituencies, 2 are from Triuchirappalli revenue district, namely Marungapuri and Thottiam and 4 Assembly constituencies from Karur. 3. Karur 4. Thanthoni 5. Kadavuar 6.

Politics Former (2009) Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Thru.M. Karunanidhi was first elected to the Tamil Nadu assembly in 1957 form Kulithalai assembly constituency (then in Tiruchirappalli districtg). Kulithalai assembly constituency is part of Perambaulur (Lok shabha constituency). Nepolian was elected as an MP in 2009 Parliamentary election. Agriculture The district is made fertile by the perennial flows of Cauvery on the northern side and Amaravathy, Nanganjiyar and Noyyal Rivers. Its economy is mainly agrarian. The Utilization of land area in Karur district is up to 44.59%.4.76% of th land area remains as other uncultivated land. 2.74% if forest area in Karur district. Black soil is the predominant soil type in this district accounting for 35.51% followed by laterite soli for 23.85%. the remaining 20.31% is sandy, coastal and alluvium soil Table LAND UTILIZATION AREA IN HECTARE Year 2007-2008
S.No Classification of Land 1 Forest 2 Barren and Uncultivable Uses 3 Land put to Non-Agricultural Uses 4 Cultivable Waste 5 Permanent Pastures and other Grazing Land 6 Land Under miscellaneous Tree 7 Currant fallows 8 Other Fallows Land 9 Net Area Sown Land 10 Geographical area according to village paper 11 Total Cropped Area 12 Area Sown More than Once Source: Karur District hand book. Sathiamoorthy new 2 Revenue Divisions Taluks 5 Blocks 8 Corporation & Municipalities 4 Town Panchayats 11 Revenue Villages 203 Panchayat Villages 15 Any other information this web site. http://tnmaps.tn.nic.in/ Kulithalai 39 271 3340 2311 116 173 1160 1125 10421 18903 10667 246 District Total 6187 2901 37356 67829 10801 1302 21832 44746 96603 289557 99899 3296

Karur
Karur
Name :Tmt V Shobana IAS
Address : District Collector, Collectorate Thanthondri Malai, Karur 639005 Phone : O : 04324-257555

Email : collrkar[at]nic[dot]in
Fax : O : 257800

The main crops are paddy, banana, sugarcane, battle leaf, grams & pulses, tapioca, kora grass, groundnuts, oilseeds, tropical vegetables, garland flowers, and medicinal herbs. Table AREA AND PRODUCTION OF CROPS (Estimated) Year 2008-2009 Production in tones 1 Paddy 15627 40279 2 Jowar 21793 15498 3 Cumbu 2966 648 4 Red gram 2826 938 5 Chillies 895 503 6 Sugarcane 5821 546674 7 Banana 5304 181370 8 Groundnut 7479 14161 9 Gringelly 5293 1787 10 Maize 98 2126 Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Chennai. Kulithalai Taluk Brief history The head quarters of the taluk, was itself a small village. One miles west of kulithalai. In 1888, there were offices of the thasildars, a district munsif, a magistrate, a sub-registrar and police station. Grograhy Kulithalai is located at 1055N 7825E10.92N 78.42E. it has an average elevation of 86m (282ft). S.No Crops Area in hec Productivity Kg/hec 2621 301 255 302 624 88 45522 2107 271 1096 % to the total area sown 38.79 22.00 2.99 2.85 0.90 5.87 5.35 7.56 5.34 0.09

Karur is located at 1057' N 784' E has an average elevation of 122 metres (400 feet). Its about 371 km (231 mi) south west of Chennai (Madras), the capital of Tamil Nadu. Geography
Kulittalai is located at 10.56N 78.25E.[1] It has an average elevation of 86 m (282 ft).

Demographics
As of 2001 India census,[2] Kulithalai had a population of 26,126. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kulithalai has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 73%. In Kulithalai, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kulithalai
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The template below (Infobox Indian jurisdiction) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.

Kulithalai
town

Kulithalai Location of Kulithalai in Tamil Nadu and India

Coordinat es Country

1034N 7815ECoordinates: 15E

1034N 78

India

State

Tamil Nadu

District(s) Karur

Populatio n

26,152 (2001)

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Area Elevation Website 86 metres (282 ft)


www.kulithalai.com

Kulithalai (Tamil: "".) (also spelt as Kulittalai) is a city and a municipality inKarur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.It lies along National Highway 67.
Contents
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1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 Important places in and around

4 Politics 5 References

Geography
Kulittalai is located at 10.56N 78.25E.[1] It has an average elevation of 86 m (282 ft).

Demographics
As of 2001 India census,[2] Kulithalai had a population of 26,126. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kulithalai has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 73%. In Kulithalai, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Important places in and around


1. Kadambar Kovil - This is a popular, ancient Shiva temple with a large premises in the heart of the town. Built on the banks of river Cauvery, the tall Gopuram and the stone walls render aesthetic beauty to the town. The Thai Poosam festival held in the Tamil month of Thai is famous for the congregation of Gods from the surrounding 7 villages marking a historical myth. 2. Mariamman Kovil - Thiru Therr Vizha held at this temple yearly is a highlight of the town's celebrations. People from the surrounding areas bathe early in the morning in Cauvery and carry the holy water to the temple for Abhishekam. This fortnightly ritual culminates on the festive day when people perform their prayers and offerings through Theertha Kudam, Alagu (Piercing), Agni Chatti (Pot with Fire) and Pookuli Midhithal (Walking on fire). 3. Aiyar Malai - Also called Aivar Malai, this hill is located at about 10 km South of Kulithalai. On top of this hill resides Rathinagireeshwarar (Shiva). This hill has over 1000 steps. This path is a tough climb as it is almost 60 to 70 degrees inclined to the base. Full Moon days and Somavaram (Mondays) during the Tamil Month of Karthigai are considered very special to visit the God here. 4. Thiru Eengoinathar Malai - This small hill situated around 3 km to the north of Kulithalai is abode to Lord Shiva. To reach this place one needs to cross river Cauvery via the bridge connecting Kulithalai and Musiri. This bridge is rumoured to be the 2nd longest bridge in India. 5. Karpatthur Shivan Temple - This temple around 7 km to the west of Kulithalai is abode to Lord Shiva. Along with the above said temples, one has to visit this temple also in a single day to be bestowed lord Shiva's blessings.

There is a famous saying "Kalai Kadambar, Mathiyana Sokkar, Andhi Thiru Eengoinadhar" - meaning "if one visits the said 3 holy places of Shiva in that order on the same day, he/she will be bestowed with blessings for an entire life". Neela Mega Peruamal Temple, Vaiganallur Perumal Temple are other famous temples. CSI Church, Amalarakkini Aalayam & Kulithalai Mosque are the other worship places. 6. Hospitals,Doctors - Govt. Hospital, Dr.Raghunathan, Dr.Arivoli, Dr.Jyothimani, Dr.Gurusamy, Diya homoeo clinic, Dr.johnsyrani Pon.maruthamuthu, Dr.Sounderrajan, Dr.sudha srikanth, Dr.srikanth, Dr.Ramesh, Dr.Kasthurirajendran, Dr.Sudarasanamalarkannan, Dr.Baskaran (Plastic Surgeon), Dr.chandrika baskaran, Dr.Murugesan, Dr.Parthiban etc... 7. Schools - Annai Namagiri Mazhalaiyar Thodakkappalli, Govt. Boys Hr.Sec. School, Govt. Girls Hr.Sec. School, Manathattai Govt. Middle school, Kadambar Koil Govt. Middle school, Maariyamman Govt. Middle school, First matricualtion school in kulithali Little fair's matriculation school, 8. Medicals & Medical Agencies Agila Medicals, BIO-MAC Medical Agencies, Star Medicals, Lakshmi Medicals, Shiva Medicals, Super Medicals etc... 9. Chinema theatres - Balambigai, Shamuganandha, Lakshmi 10. Marriage Halls - Shanmuga Mahal, Shubam Mahal, Vaasavi Mahal, Nallusamy Mahal, Gopal Mahal, Mani Mahal, Kannan Mandapam, Thai Mahal etc... 11. Railway Station - Kulithalai railway station is one of the oldest railway stations. Trains to Chennai, Coimabtore, Erode, Tiruchy, Bangalore, Mysore & Mangalore are passing this route.

Politics
Ex Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Karunanidhi was first elected to the Tamil Nadu assembly in 1957 from Kulithalai assembly constituency (then in Thiruchirapalli district). Kulithalai assembly constituency is part of Perambalur (Lok Sabha constituency).[3] Mr.A.Pappasundaram is the current Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA). Actor Mr. D.Nepolian is the current Member of Parliament (MP

Websit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulithalai District web sit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karur_district#Geography