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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 Department of Technical Education DIPLOMA COURSE IN ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS

CS ENGINEERING Fourth Semester Sub: TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION Sub Code: Contact Hrs/Week: 04 Chapter No: Topic UNIT -1
1

Contact Hrs/Sem: 64 No. of hours

2 3

Transmission Line Constants and Performance Under ground cables UNIT-2

8 7 3

4 5 6 7

Erection Materials and Maintenance of Transmission lines HVDC and FACTS Receiving Station Sub Station UNIT-3 Distribution Protection against over voltages Computer Control of Power System-SCADA Distribution Automation Seminars (by Experts)/ Visits to Receiving Station HVDCStation/nearbyHydro/thermal/nuclear/diesel/wind Tests Total

4 5 5 4

8 9 10 11 12

5 6 2 5 6 4 _____ 64

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 CONTENT 1. Transmission. Line Fundamentals. Standard voltage of transmission. Systems of Transmission.Comparison of AC and DC Transmission 2. Line Constants and Performance. Line parameters. Effect of line inductance, capacitance on regulation. Calculation of regulation for short transmission line, problems. Corona, Transposition of conductors. 3. Under ground cables. Types and different kV ratings. Methods of laying cables. 4. Erection and maintenance. of Transmission & Distribution lines Erection, Maintenance of Transmission lines, Study of Conductors and Insulating Materials used for line supports,U.G Cables, Transmission and Distribution lines 5. HVDC transmission and FACTS: Introduction, Advantages and disadvantages of HVDC Transmission, Types of HVDC links, Main Components of HVDC transmission, Flexible AC transmission System Technology(FACTS), Objectives Basic types of FACTS Controller, FACTS devices Static Var. Compensators Refer: Electrical Power Generation Transmission and Distribution by S.N.Singh 6. Receiving stations. Types and layout diagrams. Auxiliaries in receiving stations. Normal routine in Receiving stations. Grid connection - load dispatching. 7. Sub stations Types and layout diagrams. Auxiliaries in substations. Normal routine in a substation. Busbar arrangements.

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 8. Distribution. Classification of distribution system. AC and DC distribution. Connection schemes of distribution system. DC distribution system. Types of DC distribution system. 9. Protection against over voltages Voltage surge Causes of over voltages Lightning Types of lightning strokes Protection against lightning Lightning Arresters Types of Lightning Arresters Surge Absorbers Isolated and Earth Neutral Peterson Coil-principle and application 10 Computer Control of Power System SCADA Supervisory Control Functions of SCADA, Need for SCADA Components of SCADA. Configurations, Layout of SCADA. Refer: Power System Operation and Control by B.R Gupta

11 Distribution Automation

Load Forecasting, Problems with existing Distribution System, Need for Distribution Automation, Characteristics of Distribution System, Distribution Automation, Objectives of Distribution Automation, Functions and benefits, Rural Distribution System, Objectives, Improvement of existing Distribution System, Causes, Remedies Refer: Electric Power Distribution Automation by Khedkar .

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 TEXT BOOKS: 1) Electrical Power Generation Transmission and Distribution by S.N.Singh ,PHI Publication 2) Electrical power Systems by V.K.Mehta, S.Chand 3) Electric Power Distribution Automation by M.K khedkar University Science Press (Laxmi Publications) 4) Electric Power by S.L Uppal Khanna Publisher 5) Electric Power Distribution Automation by Guptha, Published by-Narosa Publishers 6) Electric Power Distribution system by V. Kamaraju, TataMc grawhill REFERENCES: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)
10)

11)
12) 13)

Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power by J.B Gupta Katsons Publications Power System Operation and Control by Dr.B.R Gupta S.Chand Computer Aided Power Systems Analysis by George L.Kusic PHI Publications. Electric Power Systems by-Ashfaq Hussain CBS Publishers Electric Power Systems by Subir Roy PHI Electric Power Systems for Industrial Plants by Kamalesh Das Publishers Jaico Generation Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power by CL Wadhva Newage International Electrical Technology-Volume III B.L Theraja S.Chand Publishers Magazines-ABB Review-u Pictures of the Future by Siemens www.abb.com/review,www.siemens.com/pof www.newnespress.com IEEMA Journal, Electrical India Journal Elements of power distribution system-Kama raju-Tata mcgraw hill. Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power by Kataria and sons. Electrical Power Distribution automation by Gupta- Narosa publishers.

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11

SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Transmission Explain transmission system with single line diagram State the standard voltages used for Transmission systems. Explain the Transmission by overhead lines Explain the Transmission by Underground Cables Compare overhead and underground cable Transmission State the standard voltages used for Transmission systems. Draw the circuit diagrams of different Transmission systems. a) DC two wire b) Single Phase AC two wire c) 3-Phase AC three wire d) 3-Phase AC four wire 1.8 List the applications of transmission systems mentioned in 1.7 1.9 Compare AC and DC Transmission Systems. 1.10 Explain the following materials used in transmission lines and their importance: Steel towers, ACSR conductors, suspension insulators and strain insulators 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3 Line Constants and Performance of Transmission line Define line resistance, Inductance and capacitance of Transmission lines. Classify the types of transmission line based on distance. Draw the vector diagram for Short Transmission Lines. Define efficiency and regulation of transmission line (No derivation, only formulae) Solve simple problems on Regulation and Efficiency of Short Transmission lines (For given Receiving end Voltage only) Explain Transposition of conductors in transmission lines. Explain the meaning of Corona. List the factors affecting Corona. State the merits and demerits of Corona. Underground Cables 3 hr 7 hrs 8 hrs

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.5 List the properties of Insulating materials used for UGC. State the classification of underground cables. Explain with cross sectional diagram the construction of single core LT cable. Explain with crossectional diagram the construction of three core and three and half core cable screened cables 3.5 Explain with crossectional diagram the construction of XLPE and Gas insulated cables. 3.6 Explain the construction of oil filled cables. 3.7 List the merits and demerits of oil filled cables. 3.8 Explain the different methods of laying cables along with merits and demerits. 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 Erection and maintenance of Transmission line List the materials used for line supports and Transmission lines. Explain the procedure of erection of RCC poles, Steel Towers. Describe the normal maintenance aspects of Transmission lines a) Overhead lines b) Underground cables 5. HVDC TRANSMISSION AND FACTS 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 7. 7.1 7.2 Explain HVDC TRANSMISSION. List the advantages and disadvantages of HVDC Transmission. Mention different types of HVDC lines. State main components of HVDC Transmission. Explain Flexible AC Transmission systems (FACTS). State objectives of FACTS. Name the different types of FACTS controllers. Refer: Electrical Power Generation Transmission and Distribution by S.N.Singh Operation and maintenance of receiving stations Explain the term receiving station. Draw the typical layout diagram of receiving station. Describe the necessity of protective devices like Isolators, Circuit Breakers, relays and lightning arresters. Explain the maintenance of Receiving stations. Point out the importance of interconnecting of station in large power systems. Describe the function of Load Dispatch Stations. Operation and maintenance of sub-station Classify Substations according to service, design etc. Explain the indoor and outdoor type substation. 4 hrs 5 hrs 5 hrs 4 hrs

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.12 9. 9 .1 9.2 9.2.1 9.2.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.5.1 9.5.2 9.5.3 9.6 9.6.1 9.6.2 9.6.3 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.10 9.11 9 .12 10 List the merits and demerits of outdoor type substation. Draw the layout diagram of MUSS Substation. Identify the various units of substation. Draw the sketches showing the different methods of connecting of bus-bars arrangements. Distribution 5 hrs Know the different types of distribution systems. Classify distribution systems according to current, type of construction, number of wires, scheme of connection etc. Distinguish between feeder, distributor and service main in distribution systems. Comparison of over head distribution system with Under Ground distribution system. Explain AC distribution system-primary and secondary. State the difference between AC 3 wire and 4 wire star connected system. Explain Radial distribution system. Explain Ring Main distribution system. Name the inter-connected system. Name the type of DC distributors. Explain the different types distributors.-fed at one end, fed at both ends. Explain the voltage drop in feeders. Decide the location of Distribution Transformers Protection against Over Voltage Define voltage Surge. State the causes of Over Voltages. Internal Causes. External Causes. Explain Lightning. Explain Direct and Indirect Lightning Stroke. Explain different methods of protection against lightning. Earthing screen. Overhead ground wires. Lightning Arrestors. Explain different types of Lightning Arrestors. Rod gap arrestor. Horn gap arrestor. Oxide Film Type and Thyrite Arrestor. Explain Surge Absorber. State the advantages of Earthed Neutral. List the methods of Neutral Earthing. Explain Resistance Earthing. List the Merits and Demerits of Isolated Neutral. Explain the Principle and applications Peterson coil. Computer Control of Power System-SCADA 2 hrs 6 hrs

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 11. 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 Expansion and understanding the term SCADA Explain the functions of SCAD State the Need for SCADA Name the Components of SCADA Draw the layout of SCADA and explain each Component Distribution Automation Explain short term and long term load forecasting State the problems with the existing distribution system. Explain the need for Distribution Automation Mention the characteristics of Distribution system Name the objectives of Distribution Automation Explain distribution automation functions Explain benefits of distribution automation Name the Components used in Distribution Automation System Draw the Layout Diagram of Typical Distribution Automation System. Rural distribution system Explain the causes and methods of improvement of existing distribution system. Refer: Electric Power Distribution Automation by M.K khedkar MODEL QESTION PAPER Fourth Semester Diploma Examination ELECTRICAL BOARD TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION TIME: 3 Hours Max Marks: 100 Note: i) Section I is compulsory. ii) Answer any six full questions taking two full questions from each of the remaining sections. SECTION -I
1. a)

5 hrs

Fill in the blanks with appropriate word / words : i) ii) iii) iv) v) The full form of SCADA is--------------

5x1 = 5

Power loss will be minimum in a transmission line if the load P.F is -----------Voltage drop in cable system is ------------ than over head system. The location of lighting arrestor in sub-station is ------------For balanced 3 phase 4 wire system ,the load current in the neutral is -----------

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 b) Explain indoor and outdoor type substation. SECTION -II
2. a) Compare overhead system with underground system of transmission line.

b) A single phase transmission line transmitting 1000 KW power to a factory at 11 KV at 0.8 Power factor lag has a loop resistance of 2 and reactance of 3 . Determine sending end voltage and % regulation. 5 c)List any two advantages of AC transmission line. 3. a) Draw and explain vector diagram for short transmission line. b) List the merits and demerits of direct laying of UG cable. c) Name the classifications of UG cables. 4. a) Explain different transmission system. b) Explain the meaning of corona. c) List the factors affecting corona. SECTION III 5. a) Explain the procedure for erection of steel towers. b) Explain the maintenance of overhead transmission line. c) List the materials used for line supports. 6. a) Explain double bus double breaker type bus bar arrangement with a neat diagram b) Explain the maintenance of station transformer. c) State the meaning of receiving station. 7. a) Explain the main components of HVDC transmission system. b) List the different types of fact controllers. c) List the various units of substation. SECTION IV 8. a) Explain feeder, distributor and service main in distribution system. b) Explain voltage drop in feeders. 8 5 8 5 2 8 5 2 8 5 2 2 8 5 2 8 5 2

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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CURRICULUM 2009 10, With Effect From 2010 11 c) State the difference between 3 wire and 4 wire distribution system. 9. a) Explain the different methods of protection against lightning. b) Explain horn gap type lighting arrestor. c) Define voltage surge. 10. a) Explain the need for distribution automation. b) Write a note on SCADA system. c) List the objectives of distribution automation. 2 8 5 2 8 5 2

EE Fourth Semester Transmission and Distribution

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