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PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS

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PROOF MARKS

The proof marks shown below will assist in determining nationality of manufacturers when no other markings are evident. Since the U.S. has no proofing houses (as in England, France, Germany and other European countries), most U.S. manufacturers voluntarily proof their firearms with a specifed style of proofmark (i.e. the interlocked WP synonymous with the Winchester trademark can be fired using modern smokeless powder) shells. Pre-1850 European firearms oftentimes do not exhibit any commercial proof marks and, with the exception of an occasional barrel address, they represent the single hardest bracket of firearms one can research properly. Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proofmarks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition. Please refer to the References section in this text for proofmark source information. AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1891 since 1891 1892-1918 1892-1918 1892-1918 1892-1918 1892-1918 1918-1938 1918-1938 1938-1940 1938-1940 since 1945 since 1945 since 1891 Vienna Ferlach Prague Ferlach Prague Weipert Viena Ferlach Viena Ferlach Viena Vienna Ferlach Bundesheer provisional proof for multi barrel guns provisional proof for multi barrel guns provisional proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for multi barrel guns black powder proof for multi barrel guns preliminary proof for multi barrel guns

2150

PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.


CIRCA
1891-1928

PROOF MARK

PROOF HOUSE
Budapest

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN


smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Since 1981

Ferlach

1891-1931

Ferlach

since 1891

Vienna

1891-1931
PROOF MARKS: AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

Weipert

PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS cont. MARKS,

BELGIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1852 Liege provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels double proof marking for unfurnished barrels triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns, small bore guns and handguns View stamp and inspectors mark for firearms "Perron" Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols rifled arms defense for smokeless proof parabellum pistols Superior nitro proof

Liege-

Liege-

since 1893

-Liege

since 1853

Liege

since 1924

-Liege

since 1852

-Liege

PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

-Liege

PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.

BRITISH PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1856 since 1856 London Birmingham provisional proof for barrels provisional proof for barrels

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.


PROOF MARK CIRCA
since 1637

2151

PROOF HOUSE
London

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN


definitive black powder proof for shotguns,muzzle loader barrels black powder proof for rifles black powder proof for rifles type EC. smokeless powder proof for rifles type Pt. smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns - parabellum pistols definitive nitro proof for barrel and action black powder proof only for parabellum pistols definitive special super power proof for parabellum pistols voluntary special black powder proof reproof marking for black powder rifles reproof marking for black powder rifles definitive black powder proof for shotguns definitive nitro proof for all guns view mark view mark

1811-1892 1897-1923 1891-1968 1898-1968 1898-1968 since 1968 since 1904

Liege Liege Liege Liege Liege Liege London

since 1954 since 1904

Birmingham Birmingham

1868-1925

London

1868-1925 1868-1925 1868-1925 1868-1925 since 1904 since 1670 since 1904
PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS - ENGLAND, cont.

Birmingham London Birmingham Birmingham Birmingham London Birmingham

2152
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS


FRENCH PROOF MARKS ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1897 provisional proof unfinished short barreled guns standard proof for finished guns double proof finished and joined barrels single barrel proof for non-assembled guns finished black powder guns black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles final black powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles final smokeless powder proof for rifles

PARIS HOUSE

1897 1897

1897

1897 since 1962 1962-1972 1926-1962 since 1962 since 1900 1896-1926 1896-1926 1896-1926 1900-1972 1926-1972 1962-1972 since 1962 since 1982

PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont.


PARIS HOUSE ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA
1897 1897 1897
PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS, cont. PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS cont. MARKS,

2153

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN


special proof for finished guns ordinary smokeless powder proof superior smokeless powder proo

Research continues for the inclusion of Pre-1950 German Proofmarks.

GERMAN PROOF MARKS PROOF HOUSE


Ulm Hannover Kiel (W. German) Munich Cologne (W. German) Berlin (W. German) Ulm Ulm Ulm

PROOF MARK

CIRCA
since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN

voluntary proof for hand/long guns repair proof for major gun parts provisional black powder for shotgun & multi barreled rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns definitive black powder for smokeless ammo guns Flobert for special purpose guns signal, flare, gas, & stun guns smokeless powder proof 1st black powder proof for rifled barrels nitro powder proof

since 1952 since 1952

Ulm Ulm

since 1952

Ulm

since 1945 since 1950 since 1950

E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl

2154

PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.


CIRCA
since 1950 since 1950

PROOF MARK

PROOF HOUSE
E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN


repair proof 1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels inspection mark choke-bore barrel mark

since 1950 since 1950


PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

E. German, Suhl E. German, Suhl

PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

ITALIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 Brescia Gardone Gardone & Brescia provisional proof for all guns provisional proof for all guns definitive proof for guns with smokeless powder finish proof for firearms ready for sale 1st black powder proof

since 1951 since 1951


PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS, cont.

Gardone & Brescia Gardone & Brescia

PROOF MARK
PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.

SPANISH PROOF MARKS CIRCA PROOF HOUSE TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 Eibar Eibar Eibar provisional black powder proof for shotguns temporary black powder proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotguns final smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns re-enforced smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns provisional proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotgun

since 1910

Eibar

since 1910

Eibar

since 1910 since 1910

Eibar Eibar

PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont.


PROOF MARK CIRCA
since 1923

2155

PROOF HOUSE
Eibar

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN


final and single black powder proof for double barreled muzzle loading shotun final and single black powder proof for single barrel smooth bored breechloading guns final black powder proof for double barreled breechloading rifles final black powder proof for single barrel breechloading rifles reinforced voluntary proof for single proof for single and double barrel shotguns final proof of military-style rifle single and final proof of non-self loading pistols single and final proof for self loading pistols and revolvers admission proof for guns with old marks proof used in Barcelona for guns with old marks final proof for revolver proof for semiautomatic pistols special manufacturer's mark for guns made for foreign sales smokeless proof for shotgun barrels reinforced smokeless proof for shotgun barrels

since 1923

Eibar

since 1923

Eibar

since 1923

Eibar

since 1923

Eibar

since 1923 since 1923

Eibar Eibar

since 1923

Eibar

since 1929 since 1929

Eibar Eibar

since 1929 since 1929 since 1929

Eibar Eibar Eibar

since 1929 since 1929


PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS, cont. MARKS, cont.

Eibar Eibar