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Sun SPARCstation 1+, 25 MHz RISCprocessor from early 1990s

Main article: Workstation A workstation is a high-end personal computer designed for technical or scientific applications. Intended primarily to be used by one person at a time, they are commonly connected to a local area network and run multi-user operating systems. Workstations are used for tasks such ascomputer-aided design, drafting and modeling, computation-intensive scientific and engineering calculations, image processing, architectural modeling, and computer graphics for animation and motion picture visual effects.[23] [edit]Desktop

File:Amiga 1500.jpg

Main article: Desktop computer

An original Amiga 1500 Desktop Computer from 1990.

Dell OptiPlex desktop computer

Prior to the wide spread of PCs a computer that could fit on a desk was considered remarkably small. Today the phrase usually indicates a particular style of computer case. Desktop computers come in a variety of styles ranging from large vertical tower cases to small form factor models that can be tucked behind an LCD monitor. In this sense, the term 'desktop' refers specifically to a horizontally oriented case, usually intended to have the display screen placed on top to save space on the desk top. Most modern desktop computers have separate screens and keyboards. [edit]Single unit Further information: All-in-one computer Single unit PCs (also known as all-in-one PCs) are a subtype of desktop computers, which combine the monitor and case of the computer within a single unit. The monitor often utilizes a touchscreen as an optional method of user input, however detached keyboards and mice are normally still included. The inner components of the PC are often located directly behind the monitor, and many are built similarly to laptops. [edit]Nettop Main article: Nettop

A subtype of desktops, called nettops, was introduced by Intel in February 2008 to describe lowcost, lean-function, desktop computers. A similar subtype of laptops (or notebooks) are thenetbooks (see below). These feature the new Intel Atom processor which specially enables them to consume less power and to be built into small enclosures. [edit]Laptop Main article: Laptop

A modern laptop computer

A laptop computer or simply laptop, also called a notebook computer, is a small personal computer designed for portability. Usually all of the interface hardware needed to operate the laptop, such as USB ports (previously parallel and serial ports), graphics card, sound channel, etc., are built in to a single unit. Laptops contain high capacity batteries that can power the device for extensive periods of time, enhancing portability. Once the battery charge is depleted, it will have to be recharged through a power outlet. In the interest of saving power, weight and space, they usually share RAM with the video channel, slowing their performance compared to an equivalent desktop machine. One main drawback of the laptop is sometimes, due to the size and configuration of components, relatively little can be done to upgrade the overall computer from its original design. Internal upgrades are either not manufacturer recommended, can damage the laptop if done with poor care or knowledge, or in some cases impossible, making the desktop PC more modular. Some internal upgrades, such as memory and hard disks upgrades are often easy, a display or keyboard upgrade is usually impossible. The laptop has the same access as the desktop to the wide variety of devices, such as external displays, mice, cameras, storage devices and keyboards, which may be attached externally through USB ports and other less common ports such as external video. A subtype of notebooks, called subnotebooks, are computers with most of the features of a standard laptop computer but smaller. They are larger than hand-held computers, and usually run full versions of desktop/laptop operating systems. Ultra-Mobile PCs (UMPC) are usually considered subnotebooks, or more specifically, subnotebook Tablet PCs (see below). Netbooks are sometimes considered in this category, though they are sometimes separated in a category of their own (see below). [edit]Desktop


Main article: Desktop replacement computer

An Acer 18'4 inch screen Desktop Replacement Laptop

A desktop replacement computer (DTR) is a personal computer that provides the full capabilities of a desktop computer while remaining mobile. They are often larger, bulkier laptops. Because of their increased size, this class of computer usually includes more powerful components and a larger display than generally used in smaller portable computers and can have a relatively limited battery capacity (or none at all). Some use a limited range of desktop components to provide better performance at the expense of battery life. These are sometimes called desknotes, a portmanteau of the words "desktop" and "notebook," though the term is also applied to desktop replacement computers in general.[24] [edit]Netbook Main article: Netbook

An HP netbook

Netbooks (also called mini notebooks or subnotebooks) are a rapidly evolving[25] category of small, light and inexpensive laptop computers suited for general computing and accessing webbased applications; they are often marketed as "companion devices," that is, to augment a user's other computer access.[25] Walt Mossberg called them a "relatively new category of small, light, minimalist and cheap laptops." [26] By August 2009, CNET called netbooks "nothing more than smaller, cheaper notebooks."[25] At their inception in late 2007 as smaller notebooks optimized for low weight and low cost[27] netbooks omitted key features (e.g., the optical drive), featured smaller screens and keyboards, and offered reduced specification and computing power. Over the course of their evolution, netbooks have ranged in size from below 5 in[28] to over 13 in,[29] and from ~1 kg (2-3 pounds). Often significantly less expensive than other laptops,

by mid-2009, netbooks had been offered


to users "free of charge", with an extended service contract purchase of a cellular data plan. In the short period since their appearance, netbooks have grown in size and features, now

converging with new smaller, lighter notebooks. By mid 2009, CNET noted "the specs are so similar that the average shopper would likely be confused as to why one is better than the other," noting "the only conclusion is that there really is no distinction between the devices." [edit]Tablet


Main article: Tablet personal computer

HP Compaq tablet PC with rotating/removable keyboard.

A tablet PC is a notebook or slate-shaped mobile computer. Its touchscreen or graphics tablet/screen hybridtechnology allows the user to operate the computer with a stylus or digital pen, or a fingertip, instead of a keyboard or mouse. The form factor offers a more mobile way to interact with a computer. Tablet PCs are often used where normal notebooks are impractical or unwieldy, or do not provide the needed functionality. [edit]Ultra-mobile


Main article: Ultra-mobile PC

Samsung Q1 Ultra-Mobile PC.

The ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a specification for a small form factor of tablet PCs. It was developed as a joint development exercise by Microsoft, Intel, and Samsung, among others. Current UMPCs typically feature the Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Linux operating system and low-voltage Intel Atom or VIA C7-Mprocessors. [edit]Ultra-low-cost

personal computer

Main article: ultra-low-cost personal computer An ultra-low-cost personal computer (ULCPC) is an inexpensive personal computer such as anetbook or a nettop. It is most often used by Microsoft to define a class of computers which are eligible for special licensing and discounts. For example, the availability of Windows XP has been extended[32][33] and discounts are offered[34] for ULCPCs. Microsoft have recently been relaxing the definition to include larger displays (up to 14.1") and touchscreens.[35] [edit]Home

theater PC

Main article: Home theater PC

Antec Fusion V2 home theater PC withkeyboard on top.

A home theater PC (HTPC) is a convergence device that combines the functions of a personal computer and a digital video recorder. It is connected to a television or a televisionsized computer display and is often used as a digital photo, music, video player, TV receiver and digital video recorder. Home theater PCs are also referred to as media center systems or media servers. The general goal in a HTPC is usually to combine many or all components of a home theater setup into one box. They can be purchased pre-configured with the required hardware and software needed to add television programming to the PC, or can be cobbled together out of,



Main article: Pocket PC

An O2 pocket PC

A pocket PC is a hardware specification for a handheld-sized computer (personal digital assistant) that runs theMicrosoft Windows Mobile operating system. It may have the capability to run an alternative operating system likeNetBSD or Linux. It has many of the capabilities of modern desktop PCs. Currently there are tens of thousands of applications for handhelds adhering to the Microsoft Pocket PC specification, many of which are freeware. Some of these devices also include mobile phone features. Microsoft compliant Pocket PCs can also be used with many other add-ons like GPS receivers, barcode readers, RFID readers, and cameras. In 2007, with the release of Windows Mobile 6, Microsoft dropped the name Pocket PC in favor of a new naming scheme. Devices without an integrated phone are called Windows Mobile Classic instead of Pocket PC. Devices with an integrated phone and a touch screen are called Windows Mobile Professional.[36]

Dated: Aug. 13, 2004

Related Categories
Linux MacOS Windows 2000 Windows NT Unix By Najmi A Server is a computer or device on a network that manages network resources. For example, a file server is a computer and storage device dedicated to storing files Any user on the network can store files on the server. A print server is a computer that manages one or more printers and a network server is a computer that manages network traffic. Servers are often dedicated, meaning that they perform no other tasks besides their server tasks. On multiprocessing operating systems however, a single computer can execute several programs at once. A server in this case could refer to the program that is managing resources rather than the entire computer.

What is Server Platform?

A term often used synonymously with operating system. A platform is the underlying hardware or software for a system and is thus the engine that drives the server.

Server types
Application Servers
Sometimes referred to as a type of middleware, application servers occupy a large chunk of computing territory between database servers and the end user, and they often connect the two. Middleware is a software that connects two otherwise separate applications For example, there are a number of middleware products that link a database system to a Web server This allows users to request data from the database using forms displayed on a Web browser and it enables the Web server to return dynamic Web pages based on the user's requests and profile. The term middleware is used to describe separate products that serve as the glue between two applications. It is, therefore, distinct from import and export features that may be built into one of the applications. Middleware is sometimes called plumbing because it connects two sides of an application and passes data between them. Common middleware categories include: * TP monitors * DCE environments * RPC systems * Object Request Brokers (ORBs) * Database access systems * Message Passing

Audio/Video Servers
Audio/Video servers bring multimedia capabilities to Web sites by enabling them to broadcast streaming multimedia content. Streaming is a technique for transferring data such that it can be processed as a steady and continuous stream. Streaming technologies are becoming increasingly important with the growth of the Internet because most users do not have fast enough access to download large multimedia files quickly. With streaming, the client browser or plug-in can starts displaying the data before the entire file has been transmitted. For streaming to work, the client side receiving the data must be able to collect the data and send it as a steady stream to the application that is processing the data and converting it to sound or pictures. This means that if the streaming client receives the data more quickly than required, it needs to save the excess data in a buffer If the data doesn't come quickly enough, however, the presentation of the data will not be smooth.

There are a number of competing streaming technologies emerging. For audio data on the Internet, the de facto standard is Progressive Network's RealAudio.

Chat Servers
Chat servers enable a large number of users to exchange information in an environment similar to Internet newsgroups that offer real-time discussion capabilities. Real time means occurring immediately. The term is used to describe a number of different computer features. For example, real-time operating systems are systems that respond to input > immediately. They are used for such tasks as navigation, in which the computer must react to a steady flow of new information without interruption. Most general-purpose operating systems are not real-time because they can take a few seconds, or even minutes, to react. Real time can also refer to events simulated by a computer at the same speed that they would occur in real life. In graphics animation, for example, a real-time program would display objects moving across the screen at the same speed that they would actually move.

Fax Servers
A fax server is an ideal solution for organizations looking to reduce incoming and outgoing telephone resources but that need to fax actual documents.

FTP Servers
One of the oldest of the Internet services, File Transfer Protocol makes it possible to move one or more files securely between computers while providing file security and organization as well as transfer control.

Groupware Servers
A GroupWare server is software designed to enable users to collaborate, regardless of location, via the Internet or a corporate Intranet and to work together in a virtual atmosphere.

IRC Servers
An option for those seeking real-time capabilities, Internet Relay Chat consists of various separate networks (or "nets") of servers that allow users to connect to each other via an IRC network.

List Servers
List servers offer a way to better manage mailing lists, whether they are interactive discussions open to the public or one-way lists that deliver announcements, newsletters, or advertising.

Mail Servers

Almost as ubiquitous and crucial as Web servers, mail servers move and store mail over corporate networks via LANs and WANs and across the Internet.

News Servers
News servers act as a distribution and delivery source for the thousands of public news groups currently accessible over the USENET news network. USENET is a worldwide bulletin board system that can be accessed through the Internet or through many online services The USENET contains more than 14,000 forums called newsgroups that cover every imaginable interest group. It is used daily by millions of people around the world.

Proxy Servers
Proxy servers sit between a client program typically a Web browser and an external server (typically another server on the Web) to filter requests, improve performance, and share connections.

Telnet Servers
A Telnet server enables users to log on to a host computer and perform tasks as if they're working on the remote computer itself.

Web Servers
At its core, a Web server serves static content to a Web browser by loading a file from a disk and serving it across the network to a user's Web browser. The browser and server talking to each other using HTTP mediate this entire exchange.

MAINFRAMES Mainframe is an older term used to refer to a large, powerful computer which performs the bulk of the data processing within an organization and is accessed using dumb terminals as the user interface. Mainframes are a single computer usually containing less than one hundred processors. Users access a mainframe by using a terminal or a terminal emulation application. Today, most mainframes are general-purpose systems designed to perform any data processing function needed by an organization. Most mainframes are housed in a single data center (one large room). IBM (International Business Machines) and DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation) were to of the bigger mainframe manufacturers. DEC is now a division of Compaq, which is owned by Hewlett-Packard who also toyed with the minicomputer before focusing on printing technologies. MINICOMPUTERS Most of these systems were built before 1987 and are slightly more powerful than mainframes of the same era. These systems were physically smaller than the 'big iron' systems from IBM but had more computing power than their rivals. Many of these were manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) before they were bought out by Compaq. The PDP-1 was the

first of these DEC computers, the last was the PDP-11 on which portions of the operating system Unix was developed. MICROCOMPUTERS Microcomputers are physically the smallest computers and fit on top of or underneath a desk and are therefore often referred to as desktops, towers or even personal computers. They are general-purpose machines and frequently have networking capability. These systems run a mix of operating systems, running the gamut from Microsoft, Mac OS, Linux and Unix. PORTABLE COMPUTERS Portable computers are called (in order of size) laptops, notebooks and tablet PC's. These are complete, full-blown systems using much of the same hardware and software used on other microcomputer systems. PALMTOPS and HANDHELDS The Palm Pilot, Journada, iPaq and Handspring devices all count as palmtop or handhelddevices. These devices contain considerable computing power and are small enough to be held in the palm of one hand. They often come with a mini operating system, synchronization software (for transferring data between the palmtop and a microcomputer (desktop). EMBEDDED SYSTEMS These are the chips and systems built into your favorite electronics, your house, your car, and even your appliances. Chips and software are embedded in the product to add functions that would otherwise not be possible without them. Today's cars use dozens of embedded computers to control fuel consumption, exhaust emissions, braking, acceleration, climate control and many other basic functions that once were purely mechanical. Houses use embedded chips in the thermostats of the hot water heater, the heating system and in the security system if you have one. NANOCOMPUTERS These computers don't exist yet. Though researchers have created simple molecular machines, this type of computer has not yet been developed. Nanocomputers will be smaller than the human eye can detect, will use molecular technology to perform computational functions and have a wide variety of functions not currently ascribed tocomputers today.

Portable computing devices Main articles: Mobile device and Portable computer
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There are several categories of portable computing devices that can run on batteries but are not usually classified as laptops: portable computers, keyboardless tablet PCs, Internet tablets, PDAs, ultra mobile PCs (UMPCs) and smartphones.

A Nokia N800 Internet tablet

A portable computer is a general-purpose computer that can be easily moved from place to place, but cannot be used while in transit, usually because it requires some "setting-up" and an AC power source. The most famous example is the Osborne 1. Portable computers are also called a "transportable" or a "luggable" PC. A tablet PC that lacks a keyboard (also known as a non-convertible tablet PC) is shaped like slate or a paper notebook, features a touchscreen with a stylus and handwriting recognition software. Tablets may not be best suited for applications requiring a physical keyboard for typing, but are otherwise capable of carrying out most tasks that an ordinary laptop would be able to perform. A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a small, usually pocket-sized, computer with limited functionality. It is intended to supplement and to synchronize with a desktop computer, giving access to contacts, address book, notes, e-mail and other features.


A PDA with a web browser is an Internet tablet, an Internet appliance in tablet form. Unlike a tablet PC, an Internet tablet does

not have much computing power and its applications suite is limited, and it can not replace a general purpose computer. Internet tablets typically feature an MP3 and video player, a web browser, a chat application and a picture viewer. An ultra mobile PC is a full-featured, PDA-sized computer running a general-purpose operating system. A smart phone is a PDA with an integrated cellphone functionality. Current smartphones have a wide range of features and installable applications. A carputer is a computing device installed in an automobile. It operates as a wireless computer, sound system, GPS, and DVD player. It also contains word processing software and is bluetooth compatible.[3] A Fly Fusion Pentop computer is a computing device the size and shape of a pen. It functions as a writing utensil, MP3 player, language translator, digital storage device, and calculator.[4] Boundaries that separate these categories are blurry at times. For example, the OQO UMPC is also a PDA-sized tablet PC; the Apple eMate had the clamshell form factor of a laptop, but ran PDA software. The HP Omnibook line of laptops included some devices small enough to be called ultra mobile PCs. The hardware of the Nokia 770 internet tablet is essentially the same as that of a PDA such as theZaurus 6000; the only reason it's not called a PDA is that it does not have PIM software. On the other hand, both the 770 and the Zaurus can run some desktop Linux software, usually with modifications.

First and second generation (19721982)

Main articles: History of video game consoles (first generation) and History of video game consoles (second generation) release name manufacturer type generation date Magnavox Odyssey 1972 Magnavox console 1

Coleco Telstar Fairchild Channel F / Video Entertainment System (VES) Channel F System II Philips Odyssey Pong RCA Studio II Atari 2600 / Atari Video Computer System (VCS) / Sears Video Arcade Atari 2600 Jr. Atari 2800 / Sears Video Arcade II (Japan Only) Coleco Gemini (Atari 2600 hardware clone) TV Boy TV Boy 2 Super TV-Boy Bally Astrocade Color TV Game 6 (Japan Only) Color TV Game 15 (Japan Only) Color TV Racing 112 (Japan Only) Color TV Game Block Breaker (Japan Only) Computer TV Game (Japan Only) Interton VC 4000 Magnavox Odyssey APF Imagination Machine Microvision Game & Watch Intellivision Bandai Super Vision 8000 Intellivision II System Changer (Unlicensed Atari 2600 Compatibility) PlayCable CreatiVision Epoch Cassette Vision Emerson Arcadia 2001 (Leisure Vision in Canada)

1976 1976 1979 1976 1976 1976 1977 1986

Coleco Fairchild Fairchild Philips Atari Inc. RCA Atari Inc. Atari Inc. Atari Inc Atari, Inc Coleco Akor Akor Akor Midway Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Interton APF Milton Bradley Nintendo Mattel Bandai Mattel

Dedicated console console console Arcade console console console console console console handheld handheld handheld console Dedicated Dedicated Dedicated Dedicated

1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Atari 2700 / Atari Remote Control VCS canceled 1983 ~1982 1992[1] 1995 1995 1977 1977 1978 1978 1979 1980 1978 1978 1979 1979 1980 1980 1979 1983

2 1 1 1 1 1

console console handheld handheld console console console

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Magnavox /Philips console

1981 1981 1981 1982

Mattel VTech Epoch Emerson Radio console console console 2 2

Atari 5200 Atari 5100 / Atari 5200 Jr. ColecoVision Expansion Module #1 (Unlicensed Atari 2600 Compatibility) Commodore MAX Machine Entex Adventure Vision Vectrex Radio Shack TV Scoreboard Ping-o-Tronic

1982 canceled 1982

Atari Inc. Atari Inc. Coleco

console console

2 2 2

1982 1982 1982 1976 1974


Commodore Entex Radio Shack Zanussi/Sleco

console / Home computer console Dedicated Dedicated 2 2 1 1

Smith Engineering console

* Consoles of the early 1970s, such as Pong and Magnavox Odyssey were often inaccurately called "analog" but actually discrete logic circuits.[4] [edit]Third

generation (19801989)
name release date 1985 1989 1996 1997 1991 1983 1984 1990 1987 1986 1983 1984 1985 1992 1997

Main article: History of video game consoles (third generation) manufacturer Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Sega Casio Epoch Commodore NEC Atari Corporation Sega Sega Sega Sega Tec Toy Nintendo Sharp / Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Amstrad type Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld console console console console console console console console console console console console console console add-on console RDI Halcyon Game Boy Game Boy Pocket Game Boy Light (Japan Only) Sega Game Gear PV-1000 Super Cassette Vision Commodore 64GS PC Engine / TurboGrafx-16 Atari 7800 Sega SG-1000 Sega SG-1000 II Sega Master System, Sega Mark III Sega Master System II Sega Master System III C1 NES TV / Sharp Nintendo Television NES-101 / AV Famicom Famicom Disk System (Japan Only) Action Max Amstrad GX4000 RDI Video Systems console

Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Famicom 1983 1983, Japan 1993 1986 1987 1990

Worlds of Wonder console

See also: Nintendo Entertainment System hardware clone [edit]Fourth

generation (19891994)
release date 1988 1993 1994[6] Sega Sega Sega Sega 1998 1991 1994 1989 Unreleased, aprox. 1992 1989 1990 1989, Japan Unreleased 1990 1994 1994 1991 1992 1990 1990 1997 canceled 1993 1994, U.K. 1998 1991 1991 1992, U.S. / Sega Sega Sega Sega / JVC Atari Corporation Active Enterprises NEC NEC NEC NEC Konix SNK SNK SNK Commodore Memorex Nintendo Sharp / Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Fujitsu Philips Turbo Technologies manufacturer type console console console console console console add-on console add-on console Handheld Handheld console console Handheld console console console / Arcade console console console / Personal computer console console console console console console add-on console add-on console add-on console console / Media player console

Main article: History of video game consoles (fourth generation) name Sega Mega Drive / Sega Genesis Sega Mega Drive II Sega Genesis II (North America Only) Sega Mega Drive III (Brazil Only) Sega Genesis 3 (Americas) Mega-CD/Sega CD Sega 32X JVC X'eye / The Wondermega Atari Lynx Action Gamemaster TurboGrafx-16 TurboGrafx-CD TurboExpress SuperGrafx Konix Multisystem Neo-Geo Neo-Geo CD Neo-Geo CDZ Commodore CDTV Memorex VIS Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Super Famicom SF-1 SNES TV (Japan Only) SNES 2 / Super Famicom Jr. SNES-CD Satellaview (Japan Only) Super Game Boy Super Game Boy 2 FM Towns Marty (Japan Only) CD-i TurboDuo / PC Engine Duo

1991,Japan Supervision Mega Duck/Cougar Boy Pioneer LaserActive Sega Nomad Super A'Can [edit]Fifth 1992 1993 1993 1995 1995 Watara Pioneer Sega Funtech Handheld console Handheld console Creatonic / Timlex /Videojet Handheld

generation (19931998)
release date 1995 1995 1994 1993 1995 canceled 1994 1999 1997 2000 1994 1993 1993 1995 1995 1997 1994 1998 1998 1996 1999 manufacturer Nintendo Bandai NEC Atari Corporation Atari Corporation Atari Corporation Sony Sony Sony Sony Sega Commodore Casio Tiger Electronics Tiger Electronics Pioneer Bandai SNK Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo console console console console console add-on console console Handheld console development kit console console console console Handheld Handheld console console Handheld Handheld console console add-on type

Main article: History of video game consoles (fifth generation) name Virtual Boy Apple Pippin PC-FX Atari Jaguar Atari Jaguar CD Atari Jaguar II PlayStation PocketStation Net Yaroze PS one Sega Saturn 3DO Amiga CD32 Casio Loopy R-Zone Playdia Neo Geo Pocket Game Boy Color Nintendo 64 Nintendo 64DD [edit]Sixth

Panasonic / Sanyo / GoldStar console

Pioneer LaserActive 1993

generation (19982004)
release date canceled 2004 manufacturer Apex Digital Atari type console Dedicated

Main article: History of video game consoles (sixth generation) name ApeXtreme Atari Flashback

Dreamcast Game Boy Advance Game Boy Advance SP Game Boy Micro GP32 GameKing L600 N-Gage N-Gage QD Neo Geo Pocket Color Nintendo GameCube Nuon IQue Player Panasonic M2 Panasonic Q PlayStation 2 PlayStation 2 Slimline Pokemon mini PSX (DVR) Q Game Boy Player Rumble Station SwanCrystal Tapwave Zodiac V.Smile WonderSwan WonderSwan Color XaviXPort gaming console Xbox [edit]Seventh

1998 2001 2003 2005 2001 2005 canceled 2003 2004 1999 2001 2000 2003 canceled 2001 2000 2004 2001 2003 2001 2002 2003 1999 2000 2004 2001

Sega Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo GamePark TimeTop Indrema Nokia Nokia SNK Nintendo VM Labs Nintendo Panasonic Sony Sony Nintendo Sony Color Dreams Bandai Tapwave VTech Bandai Bandai SSD Company Microsoft

console Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld console Handheld Handheld Handheld console console console console console console Handheld console Handheld TV game Handheld Handheld console Handheld Handheld console console

Game Boy Advance SP Mark II 2005

Nintendo / Panasonic console

Panasonic / Nintendo console

generation (20042010)
Release date 2005 2004 2006 2005 2006 Manufacturer Atari Inc. Ironstone Envizions Jakks Pacific Yobo console Handheld TV game console Handheld TV game console Type

Main article: History of video game consoles (seventh generation) Name Atari Flashback 2 C64 Direct-to-TV Evo: Phase One Fantastic Four TV game FC Twin

Retro Duo GameSystem Game Wave Generation NEX Gizmondo GP2X GP2X Wiz GP2X Caanoo Mattel HyperScan Mi2 Nintendo DS Nintendo DS Lite Nintendo DSi Nintendo DSi XL OnLive Pandora Phantom PlayStation 3 PlayStation 3 Slim PlayStation Portable

2008 2010 2005 2005 2005 2005 2009 2010 2006 2009 2004 2006 2008 2009 2010 2009 canceled 2006 2009 2004

Retrobit CUBE Design ZAPiT Messiah Tiger Telematics GamePark GamePark GamePark Mattel Planet interactive Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo Nintendo OnLive OpenPandora Phantom Sony Sony Sony Sony Sony Sony Nintendo Microsoft Microsoft Zeebo Inc. Ultimate Products Ltd. / Sega

console console console console Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld console Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld Gaming on demand Handheld / UMPC / PDA console console console Handheld Handheld Handheld Handheld console console console console console

PlayStation Portable Slim 2007 PlayStation Portable Lite 2008 PSP Go Wii Xbox 360 Xbox 360 S Zeebo Zone [edit]Eighth 2009 2006 2005 2010 2009 2010

generation (2011201X)
Released 2011 2012 Unknown Manufacturer Nintendo Sony Nintendo Novatech Type Handheld Handheld Console Console

Main article: History of video game consoles (Eighth generation) Name 3DS Wii U TR1

PlayStation Vita 2011