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19% Broiler Grower: 1015 lb. 625 lb. 100 lb. 100 lb. 75 lb. 25 lb. 60 lb.

2000 lb. Shelled Corn Roasted Soybeans Oats Alfalfa Meal Fish Meal, 60% Aragonite(calcium) Poultry Nutri-Balancer

16% Pullet Grower: 1215 lb. 450 lb. 100 lb. 100 lb. 25 lb. 50 lb. 60 lb. 2000 lb. Shelled Corn Roasted Soybeans Oats Alfalfa Meal Aragonite(calcium) Fish Meal, 60% Poultry Nutri-Balancer

17% Layer Ration: 965 lb. 600 lb. 100 lb. 100 lb. Shelled Corn Roasted Soybeans Oats Alfalfa Meal

175 lb. 60 lb. 2000 lb.

Aragonite(calcium) Poultry Nutri-Balancer

All Rations should be Medium ground or rolled.

The Chick Starter Ration may be slightly altered to feed other species of fowl.

You may add 2lb. of fishmeal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 21% protein mix for Chick Starter. This would be for chicks while in the brooder.

You may add 4lb. of fishmeal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 26% protein mix for turkey and game bird starter. To be fed from day 1 thru day 28.

You may add 2lb. of fishmeal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 21% protein mix for Turkey Grower #1. To be fed from day 29 thru day 56.

Once Turkeys are out on pasture they should receive regular broiler grower until slaughter. No Alfalfa Rations

19% Broiler Grower: 1015 lb. Shelled Corn 625 lb. Roasted Soybeans 200 lb. Oats 75 lb. Fish Meal, 60%

25 lb. Aragonite(calcium) 60 lb. Poultry Nutri-Balancer 2000 lb.

16% Pullet Grower: 1215 lb. Shelled Corn 450 lb. Roasted Soybeans 200 lb. Oats 25 lb. Aragonite(calcium) 50 lb. Fish Meal, 60% 60 lb. Poultry Nutri-Balancer 2000 lb.

17% Layer Ration: 965 lb. Shelled Corn 600 lb. Roasted Soybeans 200 lb. Oats 175 lb. Aragonite(calcium) 60 lb. Poultry Nutri-Balancer 2000 lb.

All Rations should be coarse ground or rolled. The Chick Starter Ration may be slightly altered to feed other species of fowl.

- You may add 2lb. of fish meal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 21% protein mix for Chick Starter. This would be for chicks while in the brooder.

- You may add 4lb. of fishmeal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 26% protein mix for turkey and game bird starter. To be fed from day 1 thru day 28.

- You may add 2lb. of fishmeal to 20lb. (5gal. Pail) of Broiler Grower 19%. This addition will provide a 21% protein mix for Turkey Grower #1. To be fed from day 29 thru day 56.

- Once Turkeys are out on pasture they should receive regular broiler grower until slaughter.

~~~~ end of nutritionist's instructions ~~~~

"This is what I take to the co-op to get my broiler and layer rations made:"

Broiler Mix:

Ingredient Weight (pounds) Corn, ground 250 Corn, crimped 250 Soybeans, roasted 310 Oats 110 Oyster shell 50 Nutri-Balancer 30 provided by Fertrell's Microbials 1 provided by Fertrell's

Total 1001 ~~~~~ Randy Simpson

Email: Things Eternal Farm Fairfield, PA

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The following is taken directly from the 1979 source. Anything in SQUARE BRACKETS [ ] is an entry by The World of Chickens.

The Family Poultry Flock by Lee Schwanz Farmer's Digest, Inc., 1974 (no city given)

See Feeding Instructions from this book, also. General Formulas for Home Mixes

Use a combination of ingredients in each category, if possible.

lbs/100 lb. of mix Starter Grower Layer

Coarsely ground grain (corn, milo, barley, oats, wheat, rice, etc.)

46

50

53.5

Wheat bran, mill feed, rice bran, milling by products, etc.

10

18

17

Soybean meal, peanut meal, cottonseed meal, safflower meal, sesame meal, etc. (Soybean meal is the preferred protein source. Cottonseed meal should be eggtested type low in gossypol.)

39.5 16.5 15

Meat meal, fish meal (If meat meal or 5 fish meal is unavailable, soybean meal may be substituted.)

Alfalfa meal (Can be eliminated if fresh pasture is available.)

Yeast, milk powder (Can be eliminated 2 if the vitamin supplement is properly balanced.)

Vitamin supplement (Must supply

200,000 I.U. of Vitamin A, 80,000 I.C.U. of vitamin D, 100 mg. riboflavin.)

[Note: see Nutrition section. Pastured poultry receive ample vitamins A and D from grass and sunshine. Modern research has shown it is unwise to supplement only one B vitamin. Grains are naturally very high in all B vitamins. Follow the above 1974 advice with discretion.]

Salt with trace minerals (Trace mineral salt or iodized salt

0.5

0.5

0.5

supplemented with 1/2 oz. of manganese sulfate and 1/2 oz. of zinc oxide.)

Bone meal, deflourinated dicalcium phosphate

Ground limestone, marble, oyster shells (Oyster shells and grit should be fed free choice to layers.)

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A Natural Diet for Laying Hens

Ingredient Yellow corn meal Wheat middlings

lbs/100 lb. of mix 60.00 15.00 8.00

Soybean meal (dehulled) Maine herring meal (65%)3.75 Meat & bone meal (47%) Skim milk, dried Alfalfa leaf meal (20%) Iodized salt 0.40 3.00

1.00

2.50

Limestone, grd. (38% Ca) 6.35

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A Joel Salatin Layer Ration

From: mayorsson1@hotmail.com Hello Folks, Here's a Joel Salatin layer ration from '98, for 1 ton of feed.

Roasted soy beans 617# Ground corn 596# Cracked corn 398# Crimped oats 219# Feed grade limestone 99# Nutri-balancer 60# Kelp meal 11#

Here in NC I don't have access to roasted soybeans, so I will substitute soybean meal, a soybean oil and alfalfa meal. My wheat prize will replace the crimped oats, so there is the possibility of their lower protein content being offset by the inclusion of alfalfa meal. I had thought of using a probiotic and possibly some DE. Another producer topdressed their layer ration with aragonite for available calcium. In the past I have used a broiler ration, which uses Sea-Lac fish meal to boost protein, and the layers ate and produced well. I say that "prize wheat makes a tasty treat, and that the price can't be beat!" Any new rhymes or feed recipes anyone? Edward.

Helfter Feeds Broiler Formulas for Starter, Grower and Finisher (Click HERE) ******************** Traditional Feed Recipes ********************

from THE POULTRYMAN'S HANDBOOK:

A Convenient Reference Book For All Persons Interested in the Production of Eggs and Poultry for Market and the Breeding of Standard-Bred Poultry for Exhibition

by International Correspondence Schools, Scranton, PA INTERNATIONAL TEXTBOOK COMPANY 1912

(Everything is quoted accurately from the book, unless it is in square brackets "[ ]" in which case it is an entry by the ChickenFeed website.) RATIONS FOR SIXTEEN HENS FOR 30 DA.

---The accompanying table contains twelve desirable rations for feeding to hens. The quantities given in each division are sufficient for feeding 16 hens for 30 da., and provide about 4 oz/ of food daily for each hen. The whole grain in all these rations is fed by hand; the meal and meat in each is mixed together and fed either as a wet or a dry mash. Rations (i) and (j) are double, or two-part, rations. One-half of the daily ration is fed from each; the two answer for 60 da. Rations (a), (b), (c), and (d) are best suited to a promiscuous lot of fowls ranging in age from 6 mo. to several years. Rations (e), (f), (g), and (h), being largely composed of concentrated foods, are best suited for laying hens. Rations (i) and (j) are for laying hens that have free range and are able t0o pick up insects enough to supply their demand for animal food. Rations (i) and (k) are fed in hoppers as dry mash. The molasses feed used should be of good quality. Ration (l) consists of meals, wheat and milk; the meals should be moistened with the milk. In the use of all rations where meals only are mentioned, a daily ration for each hen should consist of 2 pz. or dry meal, fed wet or dry, and an equal quantity of whole grain.

[None of these rations furnish sufficient mineral matter for egg formation and for the other demands of nature. Grit, limestone, oyster shell, or some similar material must be supplied in addition, especially if chickens are confined in any way.]

Note: GRIT and OYSTER SHELL or SEA SHELLS are two entirely different things. Sea shells and other calcium-containing substances just dissolve in the chicken's. They cannot be a substitute for grit. [Grit is hard rock.] It is what grain-eating fowl need in place of "teeth" and it must be available in the right sizes. Substituting sea shells for "grit" is like giving someone false teeth made of chalk. I think the old timers had so many free range hens (notice the early use of the term "free range") that the hens got enough grit when they were out and about, so it wasn't a concern.

30-DAY RATIONS FOR SIXTEEN HENS

Food

Pounds

(a) Corn Oats or barley Wheat bran Middlings Corn meal Meat scrap Cut clover 10 5 25 8 10 50 24

(b) Corn Oats or barley Wheat bran 10 50 24

Flour middlings Corn meal Animal meal Cut clover 28 7 10

(c) Corn Wheat Corn meal Flour middlings Hominy chop Meat scrap Cut clover 7 10 50 25 28 2 10

(d) Corn Wheat Corn meal Wheat bran Middlings Alfalfa meal Meat scrap 50 25 25 10 5 4 7

(e) Alfalfa hay or meal 18 Wheat bran 10

Middlings

30 10

Coconut-oil-cake meal Meat meal Wheat 6

60

(f) Alfalfa Wheat bran Middlings 18 14 17 6

Linseed-oil-cake meal Blood meal Barley or oats Wheat 50 4

25

(g) Corn meal Wheat bran Alfalfa meal Blood meal Meat meal Oats or barley Wheat 40 24 18 10 3 6 30

(h) Wheat shorts Corn meal 25 18

Blood meal Alfalfa meal Cottage cheese Wheat

5 5 12 60

(i) Wheat bran Middlings Corn meal Alfalfa meal 40 20 20 40

(j) Wheat Cracked corn Oats Barley 15 15 60 30

(k) Corn meal Molasses feed Middlings Wheat bran Meat scrap Clover hay 40 30 10 10 10 20

(l)

Middlings Wheat bran Meat meal Skim-milk Wheat

30 24 6 90 60

FEEDING FARM FLOCKS

Farm flocks, to be profitable, must have a ration suitable for the production of both eggs and good table meat. No error in feeding farm flocks is more common or more disastrous than that of giving too much fat-forming food. [Note: this is confirmed by modern breeders.] An all-green ration renders the hens excessively fat, sometimes induces apoplexy, and causes the production of but few eggs. A grain ration for farm flocks may be composed of grains in the following proportions, by weight:

Food

Parts

Cracked corn Wheat Oats 40 15

20

Cracked corn is preferable because it is small, and, like wheat and oats, when cast into litter must be sought for by the fowls. During the winter all grain should be thrown into dry chaff or litter of some kind in order to keep the hens busy hunting for it.

During the winter months the hens on the farm should have a noonday feed of warm mash, the mixture being composed, by weight, as follows:

Food

Parts

Corn meal Meat Short-cut alfalfa

40 30

or clover hay Oyster shell Grit Charcoal 2 1 1

30

The meat and hay should be cut into small pieces and voiled to a pulp, and before cooling the mass should be mixed with enough meal to make a dry, crumbly mass. This should be fed cool in troughs."