You are on page 1of 4

ENGLISH SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

Angle of attack transducer vane cover .......... 4AS9910002-501 APU cooling air inlet .................................................. GSE4920103 APU engine air inlet .................................................. GSE4920102 APU exhaust ............................................................. GSE4920101 Chocks ................................................................ GSE1000194 (2) Engine inlet cover ............................................... GSE1020114 (2) Engine exhaust cover ........................................ GSE1020117 (2) Eye bolt 1/2 x 3 1/4 inch ..................................... GSE0720274 (2) Headset and communication cord ........................... GSE2300099 Jury cable ............................................................. 1159SEM20105 Main landing gear strut locking link set .......... GSE0720008 (upper) GSE0720006 (lower) Nylon or Manila rope 3/4 inch .......................................... Standard Pitot head cover assembly ........................................ 3420151 (2) Shackle 5/16 inch .................................................................. G209 Static cover ......................................................... GSE1020293 (2) Static port cover ................................................. GSE1020013 (4) Thrust reverser doors exhaust cover assembly .................................................. GSE1020156 (2) Towbar - portable ..................................................... GSE0920231 Towbar attachment head ......................................... GSE0920232 Towing tractor, 12,000 pound (minimum) drawbar pull .................... GSE0900402

APPLICATION OF PARKING BRAKES SHOULD BE AVOIDED DURING TOWING TO PREVENT DEPLETION OF BRAKE ACCUMULATORS, THEREBY MAKING PARKING BRAKE INOPERATIVE. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND / OR DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. ABRUPT STARTS, STOPS AND SHARP TURNS SHOULD BE AVOIDED UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS SINCE DAMAGE TO TOWBAR, TRACTOR, NOSE LANDING GEAR STRUT OR AIRCRAFT TIRES COULD OCCUR AND RESULT IN INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND / OR DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. DO NOT USE TOWBARS DESIGNED FOR AIRCRAFT OTHER THAN THE GULFSTREAM AIRCRAFT. THE PREVAILING WEATHER CONDITIONS WILL DETERMINE NUMBER OF TIE-DOWN LINES. CAUTIONS IF A TOWBAR NOT EQUIPPED WITH SHEAR PROTECTION IS USED, EXTREME CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO ENSURE MAXIMUM TOWING LOAD IS NOT EXCEEDED. AS A SAFETY PRECAUTION, INSTALL MAIN GEAR GROUND SAFETY LOCKS AND NOSE GEAR GROUND SAFETY LOCK WHENEVER AIRCRAFT IS ON GROUND. REMOVE ALL THREE LOCKS BEFORE FLIGHT. NOSE WHEEL SCISSORS MUST BE DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO TOWING THE AIRCRAFT. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE STEERING SYSTEM SUPPORT BRACKETS. PERSONNEL SHOULD LOOK FOR CLEARANCES OR OBSTRUCTIONS DURING MOVEMENT OF AIRCRAFT. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS CAUTION MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT. MOVEMENT OF AIRCRAFT OVER ROUGH SURFACES OR ACROSS OBSTRUCTIONS SHOULD BE AT A SLIGHT ANGLE AND AT A CONSTANT SLOW SPEED TO REDUCE TOWING LOADS. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. IN CONGESTED AREAS, A PERSON MUST BE POSITIONED AT EACH WING TIP TO CHECK FOR ADEQUATE DISTANCE FROM ANY OBSTRUCTION IN VICINITY OF AIRCRAFT. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.

CLEARANCE FROM BUILDINGS AND OTHER AIRCRAFT AND VEHICLES MUST BE KEPT THROUGHOUT ALL TOWING PROCEDURES. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT FOR SAFE TOWING USE HAND SIGNALS AND LIGHTS. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. MAXIMUM TOWING SPEED SHALL BE SAFE REASONABLE SPEED IN UNCONGESTED AREAS, NOT TO EXCEED 3 MILES PER HOUR AND WHEN WING WALKERS ARE NOT BEING USED. MAXIMUM TOWING SPEEDS SHALL VARY ACCORDING TO WEATHER CONDITIONS, TYPE OF SURFACE AND TERRAIN. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. IF REVERSING AIRCRAFT, POSITION A PERSON AT THE TAIL TO CHECK ADEQUATE DISTANCE FROM ANY OBSTRUCTION. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. ENSURE NOSE LANDING GEAR AND MAIN LANDING GEAR SHOCK STRUTS AND TIRES ARE PROPERLY SERVICED (VISUAL CHECK). FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. WHEN TOWING AIRCRAFT WITH FAULTY BRAKES, HAVE A MINIMUM OF TWO CHOCKS AVAILABLE TO CHOCK MAIN WHEELS IF AN EMERGENCY CONDITION OCCURS. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. USE EMERGENCY TOWING METHODS TO TOW AIRCRAFT IN HEAVY SNOW, MUD OR OTHER IRREGULAR TERRAIN WHERE EXCESSIVE NOSE LANDING GEAR TOW LOADS MAY BE ENCOUNTERED. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. NOSE WHEEL SCISSORS MUST BE DISCONNECTED PRIOR TO TOWING THE AIRCRAFT. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO STEERING SYSTEM SUPPORT BRACKETS. AIRCRAFT TOWING TURN LIMITS OF 100 FROM EITHER SIDE OF CENTER SHOULD NOT BE EXCEEDED. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. A BRAKE OPERATOR MUST BE IN THE COCKPIT TO STOP AIRCRAFT IN CASE TOWBAR DISCONNECTS WHILE TOWING. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.

WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS


WARNINGS TOWING SUPERVISOR SHOULD ENSURE PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN TOWING AIRCRAFT ARE QUALIFIED AND BRIEFED ON THEIR POSITIONS, RESPONSIBILITIES, USE OF AUTHORIZED SIGNALS, TOWING SPEEDS AND ROUTES. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND / OR DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT. ENSURE TOW VEHICLE IS IN SATISFACTORY MECHANICAL OPERATING ORDER AND NO DEFECTS WHICH COULD AFFECT TOWING EXIST. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS WARNING MAY RESULT IN INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND / OR DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT.

GULFSTREAM G150 GROUND HANDLING CARD


August 15, 2007

TOWING, PARKING AND MOORING


Page 1

ENGLISH
WHEN A TELESCOPING DESIGN PORTABLE TOWBAR IS USED, PRIOR TO CONNECTION, PLACE IN FULLY EXTENDED POSITION AND LOCK TELESCOPES USING LOCK PINS. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT AND EQUIPMENT. APPLY BRAKES ONLY IN AN EMERGENCY. AVOID USE OF BRAKES, IF POSSIBLE, WHEN AIRCRAFT IS MOVING BACKWARD AS AIRCRAFT COULD ROTATE ONTO ITS TAIL. FAILURE TO COMPLY MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO AIRCRAFT. DAMAGE TO MAIN ENTRANCE DOOR MAY RESULT IF DOOR IS NOT CLOSED OR SUPPORTED WITH A JURY CABLE BEFORE TOWING. BEFORE PROCEEDING TO TOW AIRCRAFT, ENSURE THERE IS ENOUGH CLEARANCE AT WING TIPS IN EVENT A TURN IS REQUIRED. DUE TO WING SWEEPBACK, WHEN AIRCRAFT IS TURNED, WING WILL SWING OUT AS IT COMPLETES AN ARC. ON SHARP TURNS, TAIL WILL REQUIRE MORE CLEARANCE THAN WINGS. USE EXTREME CARE TO PREVENT AIRCRAFT FROM OVERRIDING TOWING VEHICLE. DO NOT SET BRAKES PERMANENTLY WHILE THEY ARE IN A HEATED CONDITION. FAILURE TO PULL PITOT STATIC CIRCUIT BREAKERS WILL RESULT IN BURNING UP PITOT STATIC COVERS. DO NOT USE METAL CABLES TO TIE DOWN AIRCRAFT. DO NOT EXCEED STARTER DUTY CYCLE OF 25 SECONDS. FAILURE TO COMPLY CAN CAUSE DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT.
7. 8.

NOSE GEAR TOWING


NOTE Towing procedures are basically the same as those used for other aircraft equipped with tricycle landing gear. Towing aircraft on hard surfaces is accomplished by using a towbar connected to nose landing gear. Forward towing is accomplished with specially designed towbars and towing vehicles. Towing vehicle should have a minimum drawbar pull of 12,000 pounds and be equipped with a torque converter to minimize acceleration and deceleration loads on nose landing gear for dry conditions. Flyaway towbar consists of three pieces and weighs approximately 24 pounds. Towbar may be stored in forward cabin storage area or in baggage compartment. Towbar shear pin ensures nose gear towing load of 9600 pounds is not exceeded. PREPARATION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance. Ensure main landing gear and nose landing gear safety pins are installed. Inspect exterior of aircraft and ensure all cowlings, doors and latches are closed. Clear ground equipment and obstructions from aircraft towing path. Check tires are in a satisfactory condition for towing. Check main and nose landing gear shock absorbers are serviced correctly. See placard on shock absorber. Ensure NWS switch on left console is in OFF position. Disconnect nose landing gear scissors by removing pip pin. Raise upper scissor and secure in up position to bracket with pip pin. Install lock on upper scissors.

NOTE It is recommended to establish communication between tow vehicle operator and person in cockpit. Six full applications of parking and emergency brake system can be made with a fully charged accumulator (3000 psi). 5. 6. Check hydraulic brake accumulator gage in cockpit for available brake pressure. If cockpit gage indicates less than 2000 psi minimum required pressure, select AUX HYD PUMP to ON to replenish hydraulic brake pressure. Ensure gust lock is on. Select AUX HYD PUMP to OFF after brake accumulator is fully charged. Close main entrance door, or support open door with jury cable.

7. 8. 9.

10. Remove aircraft chocks. 11. Ensure landing gear is free of obstructions. 12. Release parking brake. 13. Position wing and tail walkers as necessary to ensure clearance between aircraft and adjacent structure equipment. 14. Tow aircraft, making smooth starts and stops with towing vehicle. 15. Tow in low gear only. 16. On completion of towing, check nose wheels are centered. 17. When destination is reached, apply aircraft parking brake. 18. Install chocks in front and behind left and right main landing gear tires. 19. Connect ground wire from aircraft to ground. 20. Disconnect towbar from towing vehicle. 21. Remove lock from upper scissors. 22. Connect nose landing scissors. 23. Secure pip pin by connecting safety lanyard to handle. 24. Disconnect towbar from nose landing gear axle. 25. Ensure main entrance door area is clear to open and open door. 26. Secure aircraft as required.

AIRCRAFT TOWING, PARKING AND MOORING


For detailed information on aircraft towing, see Ground Handling And Servicing Handbook, Chapter 4. For detailed information on aircraft parking and mooring, see Ground Handling And Servicing Handbook, Chapter5.

9.

PROCEDURE 1. 2. 3. 4. Connect towbar to nose landing gear axle. Connect towbar to towing vehicle. Disconnect ground wire from aircraft to ground. A qualified person must be stationed in cockpit during all towing operations to watch for hazardous conditions and to stop aircraft in event towbar becomes disconnected from towing vehicle.

TOWING, PARKING AND MOORING


Page 2

GULFSTREAM G150 GROUND HANDLING CARD


August 15, 2007

ENGLISH
FOLLOW ON 1. 2. Inspect for presence of foreign objects. Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority. 5. Install the following protective covers: 10. In wind of 20 - 60 knots, nose should also be secured. 11. Ensure main and baggage doors are latched and locked, landing gear doors are closed and flight control surface gust lock is on. 12. Connect static ground cables. 13. If extended mooring is required, perform the following 30 day checks: A. B. C. D. Service tires. Connect electrical power to aircraft and motor each engine for 25 seconds. Check all fluid levels and service as required. Check all covers for security and condition.


6. 7. 8.

Engine inlet covers Engine exhaust covers Pitot covers Static port covers

AIRCRAFT PARKING
PREPARATION 1. 2. Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance. Set PARK / EMERG BRAKE handle after brakes have cooled to ambient temperature. NOTE The PARK / EMERG BRAKE handle is used to apply main wheel brake during parking procedures. The brake is actuated by operating a T-handle located on control pedestal in cockpit. The brake accumulator must have a minimum of 1500 psi and PARK / EMERG BRAKE handle in cockpit must be pulled aft and rotated 1/4 turn clockwise to set PARK / EMERG BRAKE. The brake is released by rotating handle counterclockwise 1/4 turn. The parking brake should be set only after brakes have cooled to ambient temperature. Setting brakes when hot could cause brakes to lock and not release. 3. Set gust lock on aircraft. NOTE Gust locks are incorporated in flight control system so all flight control surfaces may be locked without use of external locking devices. The gust lock lever is a double detented, two position handle located on control pedestal in cockpit. With gust lock lever positioned in aft detent, flight controls will be locked and each flight control is protected in wind gust up to 60 mph. 4. If aircraft is to be left unattended for a period longer than an overnight stay, or if weather conditions make it advisable, install all protective covers.

Close, latch and lock main and baggage doors as required. Remove battery disconnects from batteries if aircraft is to be parked for 3 days or more. Moor aircraft if weather conditions make it advisable.

FOLLOW ON 1. 2. Inspect for presence of foreign objects. Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority.

FOLLOW ON 1. 2. Inspect for presence of foreign objects. Record all maintenance actions in accordance with current governing authority.

AIRCRAFT MOORING
NOTE If wind is expected to exceed 30 knots, aircraft should be hangared. If hangaring aircraft or flying aircraft to a safe location is not possible, the following procedure should be used. PREPARATION 1. Prepare aircraft for safe ground maintenance.

PROCEDURE 1. Space aircraft from other aircraft or structures so minimum clearance around aircraft is equivalent to maximum aircraft length +15 feet. Park aircraft on level ground with nose into wind. NOTE Leave sufficient slack in ropes to avoid causing damage to aircraft if ropes shrink. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Engage gust lock system and chock main landing gear wheels. Install protective covers. Install jack pads on left and right wings. Install eye bolt in each wing jacking pad. Install 5/16 inch shackle in nose jack pad. Route 3/4 inch nylon or manila rope through eye bolts to mooring points on parking area. In wind up to 20 knots, secure wings with 3/4 inch manila or nylon rope.

2.

PROCEDURE 1. 2. Ensure gust lock lever is on. Check brake accumulator pressure gage on copilot inboard skirt panel. If accumulator pressure is below 1500 psi, service accumulator. Chock main landing gear wheels forward and aft. Protect tires with covers.

3. 4.

GULFSTREAM G150 GROUND HANDLING CARD


August 15, 2007

TOWING, PARKING AND MOORING


Page 3