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HVAC LOAD CALCULATIONS AND THE ENERGY RATER Dennis J Stroer CALCS-PLUS Venice Florida CALCS-PLUS

HVAC LOAD CALCULATIONS AND THE ENERGY RATER

HVAC LOAD CALCULATIONS AND THE ENERGY RATER Dennis J Stroer CALCS-PLUS Venice Florida CALCS-PLUS

Dennis J Stroer CALCS-PLUS Venice Florida

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SIZING CHART CALCS-PLUS

SIZING CHART

SIZING CHART CALCS-PLUS

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SIZING CHART CALCS-PLUS
HVAC Load Calculations. Why should an Energy Rater perform HVAC Load Calculations? What is meant

HVAC Load Calculations.

HVAC Load Calculations. Why should an Energy Rater perform HVAC Load Calculations? What is meant by

Why should an Energy Rater perform HVAC Load Calculations? What is meant by a Room x Room calculation?

Why use ACCA Manual J Version 8?Calculations? What is meant by a Room x Room calculation? MJ8 Sensitivities. How can an Energy

MJ8 Sensitivities.What is meant by a Room x Room calculation? Why use ACCA Manual J Version 8?

How can an Energy Rater benefit?Calculations? What is meant by a Room x Room calculation? Why use ACCA Manual J Version

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Energy Raters and Air Flow Energy raters are already familiar with airflow. We use air

Energy Raters and Air Flow

Energy raters are already familiar with airflow. We use air flow as a tool to do energy ratings.

and Air Flow Energy raters are already familiar with airflow. We use air flow as a
and Air Flow Energy raters are already familiar with airflow. We use air flow as a
and Air Flow Energy raters are already familiar with airflow. We use air flow as a

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Two types of Airflow. With respect to residential and commercial construction there are two kinds

Two types of Airflow.

Two types of Airflow. With respect to residential and commercial construction there are two kinds of

With respect to residential and commercial construction there are two kinds of airflow.

Controlled and Uncontrolled

there are two kinds of airflow. Controlled and Uncontrolled Energy Raters use controlled airflow to estimate

Energy Raters use controlled airflow to estimate the amount of uncontrolled airflow.

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Uncontrolled Airflow Pressure readings were taken across the closed entrance door of each apartment. The

Uncontrolled Airflow

Pressure readings were taken across the closed entrance door of each apartment. The purpose is
Pressure readings were taken across the closed entrance door
of each apartment. The purpose is to see if there were any
extreme pressure differences. The Florida Building Code says
there cannot be no more than 2.5 Pascals pressure difference
across closed doors between spaces.
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Uncontrolled Airflow The elevator lobby was found to be a -27.3 Pascals with respect to

Uncontrolled Airflow

Uncontrolled Airflow The elevator lobby was found to be a -27.3 Pascals with respect to the

The elevator lobby was found to be a -27.3 Pascals with respect to the apartments. This means air in the elevator lobby is trying to go into the apartment.

with respect to the apartments. This means air in the elevator lobby is trying to go

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Uncontrolled Airflow Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures. CALCS-PLUS

Uncontrolled Airflow

Uncontrolled Airflow Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures. CALCS-PLUS

Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures.

Uncontrolled Airflow Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures. CALCS-PLUS
Uncontrolled Airflow Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures. CALCS-PLUS

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Uncontrolled Airflow Leaky buildings Leaky Duct Systems Unbalanced building pressures. CALCS-PLUS
Uncontrolled Airflow = Infiltration Infiltration influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety,

Uncontrolled Airflow = Infiltration

Uncontrolled Airflow = Infiltration Infiltration influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety,

Infiltration influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety, durability, comfort, and energy efficiency.

•Can be estimated with a high degree of accuracy.

•Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy.

•Can be eliminated or controlled.

a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be
a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be
a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be

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Duct Leakage Influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety, durability, comfort, and

Duct Leakage

Duct Leakage Influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety, durability, comfort, and energy

Influences how the building reacts in terms of health, safety, durability, comfort, and energy efficiency.

•Can be estimated with a high degree of accuracy.

•Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy.

•Can be eliminated.

with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can
with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can
with a high degree of accuracy. •Can be tested with a high degree of accuracy. •Can

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But, as Energy Raters we understand uncontrolled airflow. So lets talk about controlled airflow. CALCS-PLUS

But, as Energy Raters we understand uncontrolled airflow.

But, as Energy Raters we understand uncontrolled airflow. So lets talk about controlled airflow. CALCS-PLUS

So lets talk about controlled airflow.

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Controlled Airflow Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems. CALCS-PLUS

Controlled Airflow

Controlled Airflow Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems. CALCS-PLUS

Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems.

Controlled Airflow Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems. CALCS-PLUS

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Controlled Airflow Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems. CALCS-PLUS
Controlled Airflow Open and closing windows Table fan Air conditioning systems. CALCS-PLUS
Room Airflow Determined by the estimated Heat Gain/Loss; Cooling or heating which ever has been

Room Airflow

Room Airflow Determined by the estimated Heat Gain/Loss; Cooling or heating which ever has been chosen

Determined by the estimated Heat Gain/Loss; Cooling or heating which ever has been chosen to dominate the system design.

HVAC Load calculations performed on a Room x Room basis.

Based on the Heat Loss/Gain through the building envelope relative to each room.

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Room x Room Loads If the HVAC system is the backbone of the house as

Room x Room Loads

Room x Room Loads If the HVAC system is the backbone of the house as a

If the HVAC system is the backbone of the house as a system. The HVAC load calculation is the backbone of the HVAC system Required to determine supply CFM for each room Required to select Supply Outlets Required to select Return Inlets Required to design a Duct System Required to diagnose comfort problems

Required to select Return Inlets Required to design a Duct System Required to diagnose comfort problems
Required to select Return Inlets Required to design a Duct System Required to diagnose comfort problems
Required to select Return Inlets Required to design a Duct System Required to diagnose comfort problems
Required to select Return Inlets Required to design a Duct System Required to diagnose comfort problems

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Estimating Required Room Airflow Perform a Room x Room HVAC load calculation using procedures as

Estimating Required Room Airflow

Estimating Required Room Airflow Perform a Room x Room HVAC load calculation using procedures as determined

Perform a Room x Room HVAC load calculation using procedures as determined by a recognized industry standard determined by local code or the EPA.

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ACCA Manual J V8 CALCS-PLUS

ACCA Manual J V8

ACCA Manual J V8 CALCS-PLUS

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Why Use MJ8 • • The heating and cooling load estimates affect every aspect of
Why Use MJ8 • • The heating and cooling load estimates affect every aspect of

Why Use MJ8

• •

The heating and cooling load estimates affect every aspect of the system design procedure

From system selection

To equipment selection procedures

• To placement and selection of air distribution hardware

• To duct routing and airway sizing or pipe layout and sizing Because of this the load calculation must be as accurate as possible

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Value of Manual J Eliminate Under-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment Eliminate Over-sizing of Heating
Value of Manual J Eliminate Under-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment Eliminate Over-sizing of Heating

Value of Manual J

Value of Manual J Eliminate Under-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment Eliminate Over-sizing of Heating &

Eliminate Under-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment Eliminate Over-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment

Humidity Control During the Cooling Season Season

Eliminate Comfort ProblemsEliminate Over-sizing of Heating & Cooling Equipment Humidity Control During the Cooling Season CALCS-PLUS

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Under Sizing Equipment The obvious problem with undersized equipment is that it will not maintain

Under Sizing Equipment

Under Sizing Equipment The obvious problem with undersized equipment is that it will not maintain the

The obvious problem with undersized equipment is that it will not maintain the desired temperature. However, slightly undersized cooling equipment (by a margin of 10% or less) may actually provide more comfort at a lower cost.

undersized cooling equipment (by a margin of 10% or less) may actually provide more comfort at

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undersized cooling equipment (by a margin of 10% or less) may actually provide more comfort at
Oversized Equipment Causes short-cycles marginalized temperature control pockets of stagnate air degrades humidity

Oversized Equipment Causes

Oversized Equipment Causes short-cycles marginalized temperature control pockets of stagnate air degrades humidity

short-cycles marginalized temperature control pockets of stagnate air

degrades humidity control during the cooling season cooling season

requires larger duct runsmarginalized temperature control pockets of stagnate air degrades humidity control during the cooling season CALCS-PLUS

control pockets of stagnate air degrades humidity control during the cooling season requires larger duct runs

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Oversized Equipment Causes increases the installed cost increases the operating cost increases the demand on

Oversized Equipment Causes

Oversized Equipment Causes increases the installed cost increases the operating cost increases the demand on our
Oversized Equipment Causes increases the installed cost increases the operating cost increases the demand on our

increases the installed cost increases the operating cost increases the demand on our utilities adds unnecessary stress on equipment

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cost increases the operating cost increases the demand on our utilities adds unnecessary stress on equipment
Humidity Control The next subdivision CALCS-PLUS
Humidity Control
Humidity Control

The next subdivision

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Humidity Control During The Cooling Season Sensible and latent cooling loads are imposed on buildings

Humidity Control During The Cooling Season

Humidity Control During The Cooling Season Sensible and latent cooling loads are imposed on buildings located

Sensible and latent cooling loads are imposed on buildings located in hot humid climates. When the summer design condition occurs, properly sized equipment will operate continuously or almost continuously, both loads will be neutralized, and the occupants will be comfortable.

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BUT, Design Conditions Only Occur For A Few Dozen Hours Per Season. CALCS-PLUS

BUT, Design Conditions Only Occur For A Few Dozen Hours Per Season.

BUT, Design Conditions Only Occur For A Few Dozen Hours Per Season. CALCS-PLUS
BUT, Design Conditions Only Occur For A Few Dozen Hours Per Season. CALCS-PLUS

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Design Conditions CALCS-PLUS
Design Conditions CALCS-PLUS
Design Conditions
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Load vs Outdoor Temperature CALCS-PLUS

Load vs Outdoor Temperature

Load vs Outdoor Temperature CALCS-PLUS

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Load vs Outdoor Temperature CALCS-PLUS
Using table 1 from ACCA Manual J for West Palm Beach the summer outdoor dry

Using table 1 from ACCA Manual J for West Palm Beach the summer outdoor dry bulb temperature is 90º

Using table 1 from ACCA Manual J for West Palm Beach the summer outdoor dry bulb
Using table 1 from ACCA Manual J for West Palm Beach the summer outdoor dry bulb

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90 ° Outdoor Air Temperature on a Sunny Day CALCS-PLUS

90° Outdoor Air Temperature on a Sunny Day

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90 ° Outdoor Air Temperature on a Sunny Day CALCS-PLUS
At peak load conditions the building demand is about 32,000 BTUH total CALCS-PLUS

At peak load conditions the building demand is about 32,000 BTUH total

At peak load conditions the building demand is about 32,000 BTUH total CALCS-PLUS

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50% of the time our temperatures range in the moderate temperature zone CALCS-PLUS

50% of the time our temperatures range in the moderate temperature zone

50% of the time our temperatures range in the moderate temperature zone CALCS-PLUS
50% of the time our temperatures range in the moderate temperature zone CALCS-PLUS

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Sensible load variation shows a difference of 9000 BTUH while our latent difference is barley

Sensible load variation shows a difference of 9000 BTUH while our latent difference is barley 500 BTUH

Sensible load variation shows a difference of 9000 BTUH while our latent difference is barley 500
Sensible load variation shows a difference of 9000 BTUH while our latent difference is barley 500

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MJ8 Sensitivities Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 Sensitivities

Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation

MJ8 Sensitivities Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 Sensitivities Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation CALCS-PLUS
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MJ8 Sensitivities Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 Sensitivities Design conditions Building tightness Fenestration Air system design & installation CALCS-PLUS
Guidelines Use outdoor design conditions recommended by Table 1 Manual J. Use the default indoor

Guidelines

Guidelines Use outdoor design conditions recommended by Table 1 Manual J. Use the default indoor design

Use outdoor design conditions recommended by Table 1 Manual J. Use the default indoor design conditions recommended by Manual J.

Take full credit for all internal shading devices and external overhangs. devices and external overhangs.

Use internal shading devices that are compatible with the type of room. compatible with the type of room.

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Guidelines Do not use internal shade if the room is specifically used for day lighting.

Guidelines

Guidelines Do not use internal shade if the room is specifically used for day lighting. Use

Do not use internal shade if the room is specifically used for day lighting. Use the tested performance coefficients when known.

Take full credit for all insulation & sealing efforts. efforts.

Take full credit for insulated & sealed duct runs located in unconditioned space. runs located in unconditioned space.

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Guidelines Take full credit for load factors and diversity when estimating internal loads. Take full

Guidelines

Guidelines Take full credit for load factors and diversity when estimating internal loads. Take full credit

Take full credit for load factors and diversity when estimating internal loads. Take full credit for diversity when estimating the cooling load on central equipment.

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ACCA Manual J V8 + CALCS-PLUS

ACCA Manual J V8

ACCA Manual J V8 + CALCS-PLUS

+

ACCA Manual J V8 + CALCS-PLUS

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A Computer Only Procedure From “Addendum B” from ACCA Manual J® CALCS-PLUS

A Computer Only Procedure

A Computer Only Procedure From “Addendum B” from ACCA Manual J® CALCS-PLUS
A Computer Only Procedure From “Addendum B” from ACCA Manual J® CALCS-PLUS

From “Addendum B” from ACCA Manual J®

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Forms & Worksheets CALCS-PLUS
Forms & Worksheets CALCS-PLUS
Forms &
Worksheets
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Floor Plan Required.

Floor Plan Required.

Floor Plan Required.
Room x Room Entry CALCS-PLUS

Room x Room Entry

Room x Room Entry CALCS-PLUS
Room x Room Entry CALCS-PLUS

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From Part of Section 1-16 ACCA Manual J 8 t h Edition Computerized method calculates

From Part of Section 1-16 ACCA Manual J 8 th Edition

From Part of Section 1-16 ACCA Manual J 8 t h Edition Computerized method calculates load

Computerized method calculates load by month of year and time of day associated with each room load and with the equipment sizing load.

Computer can generate solutions for 288 scenarios (12 month year and 24 hour day)

equipment sizing load. Computer can generate solutions for 288 scenarios (12 month year and 24 hour

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equipment sizing load. Computer can generate solutions for 288 scenarios (12 month year and 24 hour
General Information CALCS-PLUS

General

General Information CALCS-PLUS

Information

General Information CALCS-PLUS

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The Design Tab The Data that is automatically filled in comes from Table 1A in

The Design Tab

The Design Tab The Data that is automatically filled in comes from Table 1A in ACCA
The Design Tab The Data that is automatically filled in comes from Table 1A in ACCA

The Data that is automatically filled in comes from Table 1A in ACCA Manual J 8 th edition.

Outdoor Design Conditions For the United States and Canada.

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Table 1A RHVAC weather data base comes directly from ACCA Manual J version 8 Table
Table 1A RHVAC weather data base comes directly from ACCA Manual J version 8 Table

Table 1A

RHVAC weather data base comes directly from ACCA Manual J version 8 Table 1A & 1B(micro climates).

1A RHVAC weather data base comes directly from ACCA Manual J version 8 Table 1A &

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Default Room Data Set up default data so you don’t have to do repetitive inputs.

Default Room Data

Default Room Data Set up default data so you don’t have to do repetitive inputs. CALCS-PLUS
From the Floor Plan CALCS-PLUS

From the Floor Plan

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Room Entry Data CALCS-PLUS 13.5

Room Entry Data

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Room Entry Data CALCS-PLUS 13.5
13.5
13.5
System Information Design Conditions Infiltration Ventilation Airflow CALCS-PLUS

System Information

System Information Design Conditions Infiltration Ventilation Airflow CALCS-PLUS
System Information Design Conditions Infiltration Ventilation Airflow CALCS-PLUS

Design ConditionsSystem Information Infiltration Ventilation Airflow CALCS-PLUS

InfiltrationSystem Information Design Conditions Ventilation Airflow CALCS-PLUS

VentilationSystem Information Design Conditions Infiltration Airflow CALCS-PLUS

AirflowSystem Information Design Conditions Infiltration Ventilation CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Infiltration For Winter CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Infiltration For Winter

MJ8 & Infiltration For Winter CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 & Infiltration For Winter CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Loose Construction CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Loose Construction

MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Loose Construction CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Infiltration 5,739 BTUH gain from a loosely built building by today's standards CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Infiltration

5,739 BTUH gain from a loosely built building by today's standards CALCS-PLUS
5,739 BTUH gain
from a loosely
built building by
today's standards
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MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Tight Construction

MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 & Infiltration For Summer Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Infiltration 939 BTUH gain from a loosely built building by today's standards CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Infiltration

939 BTUH gain from a loosely built building by today's standards
939 BTUH gain
from a loosely
built building by
today's standards

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Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS
Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

Infiltration

Sensitivity

TIGHT LOOSE
TIGHT
LOOSE
Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS
Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

Loose Construction

Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS
Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

Tight Construction

Infiltration Sensitivity TIGHT LOOSE Loose Construction Tight Construction CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Duct Leakage CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Duct Leakage

MJ8 & Duct Leakage CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 & Duct Leakage CALCS-PLUS

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MJ8 & Duct Design Design room CFM (airflow) CALCS-PLUS

MJ8 & Duct Design

MJ8 & Duct Design Design room CFM (airflow) CALCS-PLUS
MJ8 & Duct Design Design room CFM (airflow) CALCS-PLUS

Design room CFM (airflow)

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Duct Loads Ducts located in the unconditioned space also have a heat gain that adds

Duct Loads

Duct Loads Ducts located in the unconditioned space also have a heat gain that adds to

Ducts located in the unconditioned space also have a heat gain that adds to the cooling load of the building.

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located in the unconditioned space also have a heat gain that adds to the cooling load
Calculate Duct Loads CALCS-PLUS The Sensible Loss, Sensible Gain, and the Latent Gain are calculated

Calculate Duct Loads

Calculate Duct Loads CALCS-PLUS The Sensible Loss, Sensible Gain, and the Latent Gain are calculated for

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The Sensible Loss, Sensible Gain, and the Latent Gain are calculated for the duct system.

What If? Extremely sealed (seal shall be verified by leakage test) CALCS-PLUS Average sealed system

What If?

Extremely sealed (seal shall be verified by leakage test)
Extremely sealed (seal
shall be verified by leakage test)
What If? Extremely sealed (seal shall be verified by leakage test) CALCS-PLUS Average sealed system (MJ8

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Average sealed system (MJ8 default)
Average sealed system
(MJ8 default)
What If? Extremely sealed (seal shall be verified by leakage test) CALCS-PLUS Average sealed system (MJ8
MJ8 & the Energy Rater The information you gather to do a energy rating is

MJ8 & the Energy Rater

MJ8 & the Energy Rater The information you gather to do a energy rating is the

The information you gather to do a energy rating is the same as required for an HVAC Load Calculation.

Do it to set yourself apart from your competition.

Do it to become a better Energy Rater.

Do it to provide another avenue for income.

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Larger Customer Base AC Contractors know or at least had to have learned load calculations

Larger Customer Base

Larger Customer Base AC Contractors know or at least had to have learned load calculations if

AC Contractors know or at least had to have learned load calculations if they carry a licenses or certification.

AC contractors are busy running a company and don’t have time to do room x room calculations.

If they were provided room x room calculations they would use them as a design tool.

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Diagnostic Tool Start every diagnostic investigation with a room x room HVAC load calculation. You

Diagnostic Tool

Diagnostic Tool Start every diagnostic investigation with a room x room HVAC load calculation. You will

Start every diagnostic investigation with a room x room HVAC load calculation.

You will understand the construction of the building much better.

You will have a better understanding of the results of all the data gathered.

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A Plug for MJ8 The possibility for experiencing comfort problems at part load conditions can

A Plug for MJ8

A Plug for MJ8 The possibility for experiencing comfort problems at part load conditions can be

The possibility for experiencing comfort problems at part load conditions can be minimized by observing the guidelines set forth in Manual J. The Manual J calculation should take full advantage of legitimate opportunities to minimize the size of the estimated loads.

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Thank You Questions? CALCS-PLUS
Thank You Questions? CALCS-PLUS

Thank You

Questions?

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