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Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Tuesday, June 28, 2011
Tuesday, June 28, 2011

2.What is the atomic number of a neutral atom which has 51 neutrons and 40 electrons?

A.

!

! B.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

40 !

91!! !

C. 51 !! !

!!

D. 131

4.What is the relative atomic mass of an element with the mass spectrum diagram on the right?

of an element with the mass spectrum diagram on the right? A. 24 !! ! C.

A. 24 !! ! C. 25 !!

!

B. 26! ! ! D. 27

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

4.Bromine exists as the isotopes 79 Br and 81 Br. What is the percentage of 79 Br in a sample with a relative atomic mass of

79.9?

A. 40%

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!!

B. 45% !!

C. 50% !!

D. 55%

5. Which processes occur in the mass spectrometer?

I. Ionization by electron bombardment II. Acceleration by a magnetic field III. Deflection by a magnetic field

A. I and II only B. II and III only

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

C. I and III only D. I, II and III

6. Which electron transition in a hydrogen atom releases energy in the form of visible light as seen in the illustration?

in the form of visible light as seen in the illustration? A. Lyman series B. Balmer

A. Lyman series B. Balmer series C. Paschen series D. Brackett series

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

7. Which of the following describes the visible emission spectrum of hydrogen?

A. a set of lines which are randomly spaced B. a set of lines which converge towards a low energy value C.a set of lines which converge towards a high frequency value D.a set of lines which converge towards a long wavelength value

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

8. The table below shows the number of protons, neutrons and electrons present in five species. Which two species are isotopes of the same element?

and electrons present in five species. Which two species are isotopes of the same element? Tuesday,

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

9. The isotopic abundances for an element, X, are 28 X 14 = 20% and 29 X 14 = 80%. What is the relative atomic mass of element X?

A.14

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

B. 28.2

C. 28.5

D. 28.8

10. How many unpaired electrons are there in the Co 2+ ion?

A. 7

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B. 5

C. 3

D. 2

11. An element may be shown as

27 Al

13

How many electrons does one atom of this element contain?

A. 13

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B. 14

C. 27

D. 40

1.

a.The mass spectrometer is used to investigate the isotopic composition of elements. Thallium has two isotopes 203 Tl 81 and 205 Tl 81 . i.State the symbols of the two singly charged ions that would form in the mass spectrometer. ii.State which ion will follow the path marked X on the diagram. ii.Some doubly charged ions form in the mass spectrometer. Suggest with a reason whether they would be deflected less than or more than the ions at X and Y.

b.Give the electron arrangement of calcium and state its valence electron.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

2. Use the periodic table to identify the subatomic particles present in the following

2. Use the periodic table to identify the subatomic particles present in the following Tuesday, June

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

3. Isoelectronic species have the same number of electrons. Identify the following isoelectronic species by giving the correct symbol and charge. You will need a periodic table. The first one has been done as an example.

symbol and charge. You will need a periodic table. The first one has been done as

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

4. Which ion would be deflected most in a mass spectrometer, 35 Cl + , 37 Cl + or 37 Cl 2+ ? Explain your answer.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

5. Naturally occurring boron consists of the two isotopes, 10 B and 11 B. The relative atomic mass of boron is 10.81. Determine the percentage abundance of these isotopes.

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6. In which stage in a mass spectrometer are the isotopes of an element finally separated and what is the basis for separation of these isotopes?

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

7. (a) Define the term isotope. (b) A sample of argon exists as a mixture of three isotopes:

! mass number 36, relative abundance

0.337%

! mass number 37, relative abundance

0.0630%

! mass number 40, relative abundance

99.6%

Calculate the relative atomic mass of argon

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

8. (a) Evidence for the existence of energy levels in atoms is provided by line spectra. State how a line spectrum differs from a continuous spectrum.

(b) On the diagram below draw four lines in the visible line spectrum of hydrogen. Identify the colors.

the visible line spectrum of hydrogen. Identify the colors. (c) Explain how the formation of lines

(c) Explain how the formation of lines indicate the presence of energy levels.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011