Expert Reference Series of White Papers Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing 1-800-COURSES www.

While some larger organizatio ns continue to manage internal data center. cover more users. CCNA Introduction Competitive business environments are putting pressure on IT managers to accompl ish more each year with reduced budgets. These third-party data center providers are better equipped to maintai n and update server equipment. and faster time to market.Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing Paul Stryer. and required a number of personnel resour ces to manage the servers as well as the facility. The original data center started as a private server room hosted within the organization’s facility containing many individual servers running single applicat ions. Global Knowledge Instructor. What Is a Data Center? A data center (sometimes called a server farm) is a centralized repository for t he storage. In the early days of data centers. IT organizations must find new solutions th at are more efficient and more cost-effective than their past or current solutio ns. All rights reserved. a data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated componen ts. many business managers are able to i ncrease service levels. management. This white paper will define data centers and exp lore cloud networking. and lower response times by outsourcin g their out-dated server farms to third-party data centers and cloud computing p roviders. such as telecommunications and storage systems. most organizations were responsible for maintaining the servers and software. competit ive edge. Often times. With the need for flexibility. there Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. and dissemination of data and information. 2 . Typically. CCSI.

and personal. This standard encompasses all parts of data center design. and f acilities needed to operate their business. h ardware. environmental controls. One of the biggest benefits to storage virtualization – other than the obvious ones such as centralized backups and the need for fewer hard drives overall – is the fact that the data can be replicated or migrated to another locat ion transparently to the server using the logical storage point. many corporations are consolidating their server rooms into private data centers. and security devices. These applications are broadly divided into the following categor ies: Software as a Service (SaaS). Managed Service Providers (MSP). Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Many corporations have multiple server rooms wi th duplicated services across their entire organization. Utility Computing. redundant data communications connection s. This was the first standard to specifically address data center infrastructure. server rooms. network connections. The heterogeneous nature of most storage systems allows many differen t vendors’ storage hardware to be added to the system with little or no noticeable effect (except for the additional storage space). In an attempt to reduce duplica tion and wasted expense. 3 . software. increase scale. including cabling. wiring. These logical storage spaces can be reached from many different computer systems that share the same pool of storage space. and operated their own network infrastructure. In April 2005. maintained. Typical cl oud computing providers deliver common business applications online that are acc essed from web browsers. This is a paradigm shift from the historical client-server architecture where the network users owned. Platform as a Service (PaaS). or even multiple data centers scatte red around the world. data servers. and Interne t Integration. Web Services.are redundant or backup power supplies. the Telecommunic ations Industry Association (TIA) produced specification TIA-942: Telecommunicat ions Infrastructure for Data Center. and applications. The concept of cloud computing inv olves a data center somewhere in the world. software. network design. electrical. All rights reserved. Service Commerce. and improve agility. facility. One of the not so glamorous or “hi-tech” benefits of the data center is the consolidation of all of the facility resources such as HVAC. reducing the duplication of hardware. while the software and data are stored on the servers o r SAN devices. from which “logical storage” i s created. These data centers are hosting the servers and applications the c lients use to operate their business. Cloud Computing Leveraging third-party computing capability over the network is a good way to cu t costs. and data center tie rs (see sidebar). One key benefit to the data center is that physical hard drive storage resources are aggregated into storage pools. all of which are runnin g on duplicated hardware and software platforms.

Multiple active power and cooling distributions paths . • Location & Hardware Independence – Users can access application from a web br owser connected anywhere on the internet. The users of the cloud do not need to know where the data center is.Structured cabling system for data centers using standardized a rchitecture and media • Copper and fiber cabling performances • Connectors.Includes raised floors .99. UPS and generator . UPS and generators .Single path fo r power and cooling distribution .Annual downtime 22. and generators . Clients only need to know how to connect to the resources and how to use the applications needed to perform their jobs. 0 hours • Tier 3 – Concurrently Maintainable . such as processing time. security. Some Cloud providers employ a utility computing model. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC.99. or generator . allowing overall cost reduction.982% Availability . The user’s computer provid es a window into the application.Si ngle path for power and cooling distribution . the applications run on servers in the data center.Multiple active distribution path TIA-942 Contents 4 . meaning they bill clients like a utility such as an electrical company. In either case.Annual downtime 28. ne twork bandwidth.741% Availability . the customer gains the security of a servic e level agreement (SLA) as well as the saved expense of hiring an IT staff to ma intain a local server farm.999% Availability . cables.This structure reduces capital expenditures. Key benefits of cloud computing: • Flexibility – There is the ability to update hardware and software quickly to adhere to customer demands and updates i n technology. it runs a user interface. UPS.No redundancy . or have any expertise on how to operate or maint ain the resources in the cloud. UPS. • Reliability – Many cloud providers replicate their server environments in multiply data centers around th e globe.671% Availability .Includes raised floors.8 hours • Tier 2 – Redundant Components 99.6 hours • Tier 4 – Fault Tolerant . and memory.Redundant components .Single path for power and cooling distribution . This procedure reduces the need for big p rocessing power and memory on the end user’s computer and centralizes it in the da ta center. in other words. distribution hardware • Cabling distancez • Space management Facility Design • Data center sizing • Power distribution methodologies • Pathways and spaces • HVAC. and administration Network Design • Support of legacy systems • Enable rapid deployment of new and emerging technologies.Includes raised floors.Annual downtime 1.99. There are many resources available in a data center and in the cloud that a client can purchase or rent. All rights reserved. Others bill on a subscription basis.May or may not have a raised floo r. not the local laptop or desktop computer the user is operating. but does not actually run the application. since by renting from a third-party provider to provide the services on a peruse fee the business only pays for the resources used. operations. With clo ud-based computing. • Savings – There is a reduction of capital expenditures and IT person nel. Cabling Design . disk storage. Data C enter Tiers • Tier 1 – Basic Data Center .Redundant components . which accounts for business continuity and disaster recovery. • Multi-tenancy – Resources and cost are s hared among many users.

and increase the a mount of time and energy expended on their core business. enabling different services to run in separate VMs o n the same physical machine. C loud providers also have the staff resources to maintain all the latest security features to help protect data. and aggregates those resources into a virtualized memory po ol available to any computer in the cluster. and energy-saving techniques use d by cloud providers is virtualization. • Maintenance – Centralized applications are much ea sier to maintain than their distributed counter parts. and sto rage systems. The term Cloud Computing was inspired by the cloud symbol that is often used to represent the Internet in flow charts and diagrams. Virtualization One of the main cost-saving. Many services are offe red at data centers. Utilizing VMs requires the guest operat ing systems to use memory virtualization to share the memory of the one physical host. as well as proper environmental and security to protect the eq uipment and the clients’ data. VMs allow time-sharing of a single computer among s everal single-tasking operating systems.• Scalability – Multiply resources load balance peak load capacity and utilization a cross multiply hardware platforms in different locations • Security – Centralization of sensitive data improves security by removing data from the users’ computers. such as cloud computing. With OS virtualization each VM can use a different ope rating system (OS). red ucing the need to maintain a server Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Most data centers have redundant power systems and data communicat ions connections. and each OS is isolated from the others. For all practical purposes the use of cloud computing centralizes the clients’ server hardware and applications. Memory Virtualization removes volatile random access memory (RAM) resources from individual systems. Summary A data center is a facility used to house computers. Virtualization is done with software-bas ed computers that share the underlying physical machine resources among differen t virtual machines (VMs). telecommunications. By renting these data center resources. All rights reserved. All updates and changes a re made in one centralized server instead of on each user’s computer. clients can reduce their cost of operation and need for technical staff. Allowing applications on multiple servers to share data wi thout replication also reduces the total amount of memory needed. 5 . and increased efficiency. system utilization. hardware-reducing. Many companies use VMs to consolidate servers. Memory virtualization leverages lar ge amount of memory which improves overall performance.

again reducing the cost of doing business. Learn More Learn more about how you can improve productivity. for over 10 years. since users can access th eir applications from anywhere on the internet.globalknowledge. the data center reduces its need for power and HVAC. By reducing the number of servers. Configure. including increased productivity. Paul began with Layer 2 TAC and escalated his career into the Advanced Services Multiservice TAC. and Nove ll certifications. equipment. hands-on labs and exercises off er practical skills and tips that you can immediately put to use. The data center reduces the need for hardware by “time sharing” clients on the same hardware platform with the use o f virtualization. Banyan Vines. Using his or call 1-800-COURSES to speak with a sales representative. Paul was exposed to many different disciplines within th e Technical Assistance Center (TAC). Check out the following Global Knowledge courses: ACEB C – ACE Boot Camp CWAAS – Wide Area Application Services v2. to meet your IT and business training needs. 6 . Manage [v4] VMware vSphere: Fast Track [v4] For more information or to register. and sharp en your competitive edge. The use of cloud computing also has many other benefits. delivered through Classrooms. Paul has led man y teams to develop and teach classes for Cisco Systems. such as Cisco IP Telepho ny version 1.0 DCASI – Implementing Data Center Application Services v1. and also do ing its share to save the planet. enhance efficiency. Choose from our more than 1.0 and all versions and technologies in between.200 and staffing of their own. Our expert ins tructors draw upon their experiences to help you understand key concepts and how to apply them to your specific work situation. About the Author Paul Stryer.0 DCASD – Data Center Appl ication Services v1. and Wireless Technologies. visit www. All rights reserved. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. OSPF.0 D CNI1-BC – Data Center Networking Infrastructure Boot Camp VMware vSphere: Install. CCNA is a Global Knowledge contract instructor who provides c onsulting service though his company LMLP. CCSI. During his tenure with Cisco Systems Paul assisted with developing and teaching classes on BGP. e-Learning. LLC. and On-site sessions. Paul ha s continued his experience in the voice and data communications arena as a netwo rk integrator and contract instructor outside of Cisco Systems.0 (CIPT) and Wholesale Voice and Dial (SS7 to VoIP interconnect tec hnology SC2200/PGW2200).1 to the current Unified Communications Manager 7. Our courses and enhanced. As an engineer at Cisco Systems Inc. As one of the founding members of the Selsi us (CallManager) TAC Paul has worked with CallManger 2.

htm l Wikipedia – http://en. 7 .Resources Cisco Data Center Technologies – Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training 3/hssg/public/nov06/diminico_01_1106.wikipedia. All rights Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-942) – IEEE –