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competit ive edge. CCSI. and dissemination of data and information. many business managers are able to i ncrease service levels.Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing Paul Stryer. IT organizations must find new solutions th at are more efficient and more cost-effective than their past or current solutio ns. most organizations were responsible for maintaining the servers and software. CCNA Introduction Competitive business environments are putting pressure on IT managers to accompl ish more each year with reduced budgets. and required a number of personnel resour ces to manage the servers as well as the facility. This white paper will define data centers and exp lore cloud networking. These third-party data center providers are better equipped to maintai n and update server equipment. 2 . With the need for flexibility. The original data center started as a private server room hosted within the organization’s facility containing many individual servers running single applicat ions. What Is a Data Center? A data center (sometimes called a server farm) is a centralized repository for t he storage. a data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated componen ts. Global Knowledge Instructor. While some larger organizatio ns continue to manage internal data center. and lower response times by outsourcin g their out-dated server farms to third-party data centers and cloud computing p roviders. Typically. and faster time to market. management. such as telecommunications and storage systems. there Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. cover more users. All rights reserved. Often times. In the early days of data centers.

all of which are runnin g on duplicated hardware and software platforms. from which “logical storage” i s created. including cabling. maintained. wiring. facility. data servers. and applications.are redundant or backup power supplies. increase scale. All rights reserved. electrical. while the software and data are stored on the servers o r SAN devices. and improve agility. Web Services. In an attempt to reduce duplica tion and wasted expense. In April 2005. or even multiple data centers scatte red around the world. the Telecommunic ations Industry Association (TIA) produced specification TIA-942: Telecommunicat ions Infrastructure for Data Center. and operated their own network infrastructure. Many corporations have multiple server rooms wi th duplicated services across their entire organization. This is a paradigm shift from the historical client-server architecture where the network users owned. Utility Computing. These data centers are hosting the servers and applications the c lients use to operate their business. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. The concept of cloud computing inv olves a data center somewhere in the world. and Interne t Integration. many corporations are consolidating their server rooms into private data centers. and data center tie rs (see sidebar). These logical storage spaces can be reached from many different computer systems that share the same pool of storage space. This was the first standard to specifically address data center infrastructure. Platform as a Service (PaaS). h ardware. Managed Service Providers (MSP). One key benefit to the data center is that physical hard drive storage resources are aggregated into storage pools. network design. The heterogeneous nature of most storage systems allows many differen t vendors’ storage hardware to be added to the system with little or no noticeable effect (except for the additional storage space). and security devices. redundant data communications connection s. One of the not so glamorous or “hi-tech” benefits of the data center is the consolidation of all of the facility resources such as HVAC. This standard encompasses all parts of data center design. server rooms. These applications are broadly divided into the following categor ies: Software as a Service (SaaS). network connections. environmental controls. and f acilities needed to operate their business. and personal. software. One of the biggest benefits to storage virtualization – other than the obvious ones such as centralized backups and the need for fewer hard drives overall – is the fact that the data can be replicated or migrated to another locat ion transparently to the server using the logical storage point. Service Commerce. Cloud Computing Leveraging third-party computing capability over the network is a good way to cu t costs. reducing the duplication of hardware. software. Typical cl oud computing providers deliver common business applications online that are acc essed from web browsers. 3 .

the customer gains the security of a servic e level agreement (SLA) as well as the saved expense of hiring an IT staff to ma intain a local server farm. ne twork bandwidth. All rights reserved.671% Availability .741% Availability . and administration Network Design • Support of legacy systems • Enable rapid deployment of new and emerging technologies. There are many resources available in a data center and in the cloud that a client can purchase or rent.Single path for power and cooling distribution .982% Availability .99. operations.Annual downtime 22.6 hours • Tier 4 – Fault Tolerant . but does not actually run the application.Includes raised floors. UPS. in other words. Clients only need to know how to connect to the resources and how to use the applications needed to perform their jobs. With clo ud-based computing. The users of the cloud do not need to know where the data center is.8 hours • Tier 2 – Redundant Components 99. not the local laptop or desktop computer the user is operating. allowing overall cost reduction. This procedure reduces the need for big p rocessing power and memory on the end user’s computer and centralizes it in the da ta center. Key benefits of cloud computing: • Flexibility – There is the ability to update hardware and software quickly to adhere to customer demands and updates i n technology. Cabling Design . meaning they bill clients like a utility such as an electrical company. In either case. cables. security.May or may not have a raised floo r. or generator .99. and memory. • Savings – There is a reduction of capital expenditures and IT person nel. • Location & Hardware Independence – Users can access application from a web br owser connected anywhere on the internet. UPS and generators . • Reliability – Many cloud providers replicate their server environments in multiply data centers around th e globe.999% Availability . 0 hours • Tier 3 – Concurrently Maintainable .This structure reduces capital expenditures. UPS and generator . UPS. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Data C enter Tiers • Tier 1 – Basic Data Center . since by renting from a third-party provider to provide the services on a peruse fee the business only pays for the resources used. Some Cloud providers employ a utility computing model. the applications run on servers in the data center.Redundant components . and generators .Single path fo r power and cooling distribution . or have any expertise on how to operate or maint ain the resources in the cloud. • Multi-tenancy – Resources and cost are s hared among many users.Includes raised floors. disk storage.Structured cabling system for data centers using standardized a rchitecture and media • Copper and fiber cabling performances • Connectors. The user’s computer provid es a window into the application.No redundancy . such as processing time. Others bill on a subscription basis.Annual downtime 1. distribution hardware • Cabling distancez • Space management Facility Design • Data center sizing • Power distribution methodologies • Pathways and spaces • HVAC.Multiple active distribution path TIA-942 Contents 4 .Includes raised floors . which accounts for business continuity and disaster recovery.Si ngle path for power and cooling distribution .99. it runs a user interface.Multiple active power and cooling distributions paths .Redundant components .Annual downtime 28.

Memory Virtualization removes volatile random access memory (RAM) resources from individual systems. All updates and changes a re made in one centralized server instead of on each user’s computer. Virtualization One of the main cost-saving. Allowing applications on multiple servers to share data wi thout replication also reduces the total amount of memory needed. 5 . and increase the a mount of time and energy expended on their core business. Summary A data center is a facility used to house computers. Many services are offe red at data centers. enabling different services to run in separate VMs o n the same physical machine. and aggregates those resources into a virtualized memory po ol available to any computer in the cluster. and each OS is isolated from the others.• Scalability – Multiply resources load balance peak load capacity and utilization a cross multiply hardware platforms in different locations • Security – Centralization of sensitive data improves security by removing data from the users’ computers. Virtualization is done with software-bas ed computers that share the underlying physical machine resources among differen t virtual machines (VMs). • Maintenance – Centralized applications are much ea sier to maintain than their distributed counter parts. and increased efficiency. and energy-saving techniques use d by cloud providers is virtualization. and sto rage systems. clients can reduce their cost of operation and need for technical staff. All rights reserved. hardware-reducing. Memory virtualization leverages lar ge amount of memory which improves overall performance. C loud providers also have the staff resources to maintain all the latest security features to help protect data. system utilization. With OS virtualization each VM can use a different ope rating system (OS). as well as proper environmental and security to protect the eq uipment and the clients’ data. By renting these data center resources. such as cloud computing. Most data centers have redundant power systems and data communicat ions connections. telecommunications. The term Cloud Computing was inspired by the cloud symbol that is often used to represent the Internet in flow charts and diagrams. Many companies use VMs to consolidate servers. VMs allow time-sharing of a single computer among s everal single-tasking operating systems. red ucing the need to maintain a server Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Utilizing VMs requires the guest operat ing systems to use memory virtualization to share the memory of the one physical host. For all practical purposes the use of cloud computing centralizes the clients’ server hardware and applications.

Using his Microsoft.0 and all versions and technologies in between. About the Author Paul Stryer. and On-site sessions. since users can access th eir applications from anywhere on the internet. such as Cisco IP Telepho ny version 1. Our courses and enhanced. to meet your IT and business training needs. As one of the founding members of the Selsi us (CallManager) TAC Paul has worked with CallManger 2. As an engineer at Cisco Systems Inc. During his tenure with Cisco Systems Paul assisted with developing and teaching classes on BGP. e-Learning. By reducing the number of servers. CCSI. visit www. Check out the following Global Knowledge courses: ACEB C – ACE Boot Camp CWAAS – Wide Area Application Services v2. again reducing the cost of doing business. and Nove ll certifications.200 courses. Choose from our more than 1. The data center reduces the need for hardware by “time sharing” clients on the same hardware platform with the use o f virtualization. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Learn More Learn more about how you can improve productivity.1 to the current Unified Communications Manager 7. Paul began with Layer 2 TAC and escalated his career into the Advanced Services Multiservice TAC. the data center reduces its need for power and HVAC. Banyan Vines. Manage [v4] VMware vSphere: Fast Track [v4] For more information or to register. including increased productivity. and sharp en your competitive edge. for over 10 years. and staffing of their own. enhance efficiency.0 DCASD – Data Center Appl ication Services v1. Paul has led man y teams to develop and teach classes for Cisco Systems. Paul ha s continued his experience in the voice and data communications arena as a netwo rk integrator and contract instructor outside of Cisco Systems. Paul was exposed to many different disciplines within th e Technical Assistance Center (TAC).room.0 DCASI – Implementing Data Center Application Services v1. CCNA is a Global Knowledge contract instructor who provides c onsulting service though his company LMLP. delivered through Classrooms. Our expert ins tructors draw upon their experiences to help you understand key concepts and how to apply them to your specific work situation. The use of cloud computing also has many other benefits. equipment. hands-on labs and exercises off er practical skills and tips that you can immediately put to use.0 D CNI1-BC – Data Center Networking Infrastructure Boot Camp VMware vSphere: Install. Configure. All rights reserved.0 (CIPT) and Wholesale Voice and Dial (SS7 to VoIP interconnect tec hnology SC2200/PGW2200). OSPF. 6 .com or call 1-800-COURSES to speak with a sales representative. and Wireless Technologies. and also do ing its share to save the planet. LLC.globalknowledge.

htm l Wikipedia – http://en.org/ Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC.org/wiki/Virtualization IEEE – http://ieee802.Resources Cisco Data Center Technologies – http://www.org/ 3/hssg/public/nov06/diminico_01_1106. 7 .pdf Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-942) – http://tiaonline.com/en/US/netsol/ns949/index.wikipedia.cisco. All rights reserved.