Expert Reference Series of White Papers Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing 1-800-COURSES www.

IT organizations must find new solutions th at are more efficient and more cost-effective than their past or current solutio ns. CCSI. While some larger organizatio ns continue to manage internal data center. there Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. and lower response times by outsourcin g their out-dated server farms to third-party data centers and cloud computing p roviders.Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing Paul Stryer. most organizations were responsible for maintaining the servers and software. All rights reserved. Often times. and dissemination of data and information. In the early days of data centers. The original data center started as a private server room hosted within the organization’s facility containing many individual servers running single applicat ions. competit ive edge. a data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated componen ts. such as telecommunications and storage systems. These third-party data center providers are better equipped to maintai n and update server equipment. many business managers are able to i ncrease service levels. and required a number of personnel resour ces to manage the servers as well as the facility. With the need for flexibility. CCNA Introduction Competitive business environments are putting pressure on IT managers to accompl ish more each year with reduced budgets. Typically. and faster time to market. cover more users. This white paper will define data centers and exp lore cloud networking. Global Knowledge Instructor. management. What Is a Data Center? A data center (sometimes called a server farm) is a centralized repository for t he storage. 2 .

Managed Service Providers (MSP). and operated their own network infrastructure. increase scale. Many corporations have multiple server rooms wi th duplicated services across their entire organization. Platform as a Service (PaaS). or even multiple data centers scatte red around the world. In an attempt to reduce duplica tion and wasted expense. Cloud Computing Leveraging third-party computing capability over the network is a good way to cu t costs. 3 . All rights reserved. wiring. These applications are broadly divided into the following categor ies: Software as a Service (SaaS). Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. This is a paradigm shift from the historical client-server architecture where the network users owned. while the software and data are stored on the servers o r SAN devices. and data center tie rs (see sidebar). maintained. many corporations are consolidating their server rooms into private data centers. reducing the duplication of hardware. network design. Service Commerce. electrical. These data centers are hosting the servers and applications the c lients use to operate their business. Web Services. and personal. including cabling. and applications. This was the first standard to specifically address data center infrastructure. network connections. and improve agility. software.are redundant or backup power supplies. These logical storage spaces can be reached from many different computer systems that share the same pool of storage space. data servers. h ardware. and security devices. all of which are runnin g on duplicated hardware and software platforms. One key benefit to the data center is that physical hard drive storage resources are aggregated into storage pools. software. One of the biggest benefits to storage virtualization – other than the obvious ones such as centralized backups and the need for fewer hard drives overall – is the fact that the data can be replicated or migrated to another locat ion transparently to the server using the logical storage point. This standard encompasses all parts of data center design. The concept of cloud computing inv olves a data center somewhere in the world. server rooms. facility. environmental controls. Utility Computing. and f acilities needed to operate their business. redundant data communications connection s. Typical cl oud computing providers deliver common business applications online that are acc essed from web browsers. from which “logical storage” i s created. the Telecommunic ations Industry Association (TIA) produced specification TIA-942: Telecommunicat ions Infrastructure for Data Center. The heterogeneous nature of most storage systems allows many differen t vendors’ storage hardware to be added to the system with little or no noticeable effect (except for the additional storage space). One of the not so glamorous or “hi-tech” benefits of the data center is the consolidation of all of the facility resources such as HVAC. and Interne t Integration. In April 2005.

May or may not have a raised floo r. not the local laptop or desktop computer the user is operating.This structure reduces capital expenditures. in other words. Clients only need to know how to connect to the resources and how to use the applications needed to perform their jobs.Multiple active distribution path TIA-942 Contents 4 . or generator .Annual downtime 22. and generators .99. Cabling Design . All rights reserved. such as processing time. since by renting from a third-party provider to provide the services on a peruse fee the business only pays for the resources used. security.6 hours • Tier 4 – Fault Tolerant . This procedure reduces the need for big p rocessing power and memory on the end user’s computer and centralizes it in the da ta center.741% Availability . UPS.Redundant components .No redundancy .671% Availability .Includes raised floors.999% Availability .8 hours • Tier 2 – Redundant Components 99.99. 0 hours • Tier 3 – Concurrently Maintainable .Annual downtime 1. but does not actually run the application. it runs a user interface. UPS and generators . or have any expertise on how to operate or maint ain the resources in the cloud. and administration Network Design • Support of legacy systems • Enable rapid deployment of new and emerging technologies.99.Annual downtime 28. distribution hardware • Cabling distancez • Space management Facility Design • Data center sizing • Power distribution methodologies • Pathways and spaces • HVAC. cables.Si ngle path for power and cooling distribution .Single path for power and cooling distribution .Single path fo r power and cooling distribution . Others bill on a subscription basis. Some Cloud providers employ a utility computing model. which accounts for business continuity and disaster recovery. disk storage.Structured cabling system for data centers using standardized a rchitecture and media • Copper and fiber cabling performances • Connectors. • Location & Hardware Independence – Users can access application from a web br owser connected anywhere on the internet. operations. UPS. • Reliability – Many cloud providers replicate their server environments in multiply data centers around th e globe. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. • Multi-tenancy – Resources and cost are s hared among many users. Data C enter Tiers • Tier 1 – Basic Data Center . UPS and generator . • Savings – There is a reduction of capital expenditures and IT person nel. and memory.Includes raised floors.Multiple active power and cooling distributions paths .Includes raised floors . meaning they bill clients like a utility such as an electrical company. the applications run on servers in the data center. There are many resources available in a data center and in the cloud that a client can purchase or rent.982% Availability . With clo ud-based computing. allowing overall cost reduction.Redundant components . The users of the cloud do not need to know where the data center is. Key benefits of cloud computing: • Flexibility – There is the ability to update hardware and software quickly to adhere to customer demands and updates i n technology. ne twork bandwidth. the customer gains the security of a servic e level agreement (SLA) as well as the saved expense of hiring an IT staff to ma intain a local server farm. The user’s computer provid es a window into the application. In either case.

With OS virtualization each VM can use a different ope rating system (OS). hardware-reducing. Many services are offe red at data centers. such as cloud computing. and energy-saving techniques use d by cloud providers is virtualization. For all practical purposes the use of cloud computing centralizes the clients’ server hardware and applications. Summary A data center is a facility used to house computers. • Maintenance – Centralized applications are much ea sier to maintain than their distributed counter parts. Utilizing VMs requires the guest operat ing systems to use memory virtualization to share the memory of the one physical host. Most data centers have redundant power systems and data communicat ions connections. red ucing the need to maintain a server Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. Virtualization One of the main cost-saving.• Scalability – Multiply resources load balance peak load capacity and utilization a cross multiply hardware platforms in different locations • Security – Centralization of sensitive data improves security by removing data from the users’ computers. C loud providers also have the staff resources to maintain all the latest security features to help protect data. All updates and changes a re made in one centralized server instead of on each user’s computer. 5 . enabling different services to run in separate VMs o n the same physical machine. telecommunications. clients can reduce their cost of operation and need for technical staff. and increased efficiency. and increase the a mount of time and energy expended on their core business. Virtualization is done with software-bas ed computers that share the underlying physical machine resources among differen t virtual machines (VMs). and aggregates those resources into a virtualized memory po ol available to any computer in the cluster. VMs allow time-sharing of a single computer among s everal single-tasking operating systems. All rights reserved. Memory Virtualization removes volatile random access memory (RAM) resources from individual systems. as well as proper environmental and security to protect the eq uipment and the clients’ data. and each OS is isolated from the others. Allowing applications on multiple servers to share data wi thout replication also reduces the total amount of memory needed. By renting these data center resources. system utilization. Many companies use VMs to consolidate servers. Memory virtualization leverages lar ge amount of memory which improves overall performance. The term Cloud Computing was inspired by the cloud symbol that is often used to represent the Internet in flow charts and diagrams. and sto rage systems.

CCSI. Choose from our more than 1. for over 10 years. enhance efficiency.0 D CNI1-BC – Data Center Networking Infrastructure Boot Camp VMware vSphere: Install. Our expert ins tructors draw upon their experiences to help you understand key concepts and how to apply them to your specific work situation. Paul was exposed to many different disciplines within th e Technical Assistance Center (TAC). Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. since users can access th eir applications from anywhere on the internet.0 DCASI – Implementing Data Center Application Services v1. to meet your IT and business training needs. Using his Microsoft. CCNA is a Global Knowledge contract instructor who provides c onsulting service though his company LMLP. hands-on labs and exercises off er practical skills and tips that you can immediately put to use. Paul ha s continued his experience in the voice and data communications arena as a netwo rk integrator and contract instructor outside of Cisco Systems.globalknowledge. Configure. delivered through Classrooms. Check out the following Global Knowledge courses: ACEB C – ACE Boot Camp CWAAS – Wide Area Application Services v2. Paul began with Layer 2 TAC and escalated his career into the Advanced Services Multiservice TAC.0 and all versions and technologies in between.0 DCASD – Data Center Appl ication Services v1. About the Author Paul Stryer. All rights reserved. e-Learning. The use of cloud computing also has many other benefits.1 to the current Unified Communications Manager 7. and Wireless Technologies.200 courses. As one of the founding members of the Selsi us (CallManager) TAC Paul has worked with CallManger 2. Manage [v4] VMware vSphere: Fast Track [v4] For more information or to register. equipment. visit www. 6 . the data center reduces its need for power and HVAC. Banyan Vines. During his tenure with Cisco Systems Paul assisted with developing and teaching classes on BGP. and staffing of their own. and Nove ll certifications. and On-site sessions. LLC. By reducing the number of servers. Paul has led man y teams to develop and teach classes for Cisco Systems. including increased productivity.0 (CIPT) and Wholesale Voice and Dial (SS7 to VoIP interconnect tec hnology SC2200/PGW2200). and sharp en your competitive or call 1-800-COURSES to speak with a sales representative. As an engineer at Cisco Systems Inc. again reducing the cost of doing business. OSPF. and also do ing its share to save the planet. Learn More Learn more about how you can improve productivity. The data center reduces the need for hardware by “time sharing” clients on the same hardware platform with the use o f virtualization. Our courses and enhanced. such as Cisco IP Telepho ny version 1.

org/ 3/hssg/public/nov06/diminico_01_1106. All rights reserved. 7 .pdf Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-942) – Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training Cisco Data Center Technologies – IEEE – http://ieee802.htm l Wikipedia –