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Expert Reference Series of White Papers Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing 1-800-COURSES www.

and required a number of personnel resour ces to manage the servers as well as the facility. and lower response times by outsourcin g their out-dated server farms to third-party data centers and cloud computing p roviders. CCNA Introduction Competitive business environments are putting pressure on IT managers to accompl ish more each year with reduced budgets. and faster time to market. management. IT organizations must find new solutions th at are more efficient and more cost-effective than their past or current solutio ns. there Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC.Understanding Data Centers and Cloud Computing Paul Stryer. In the early days of data centers. a data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated componen ts. such as telecommunications and storage systems. CCSI. many business managers are able to i ncrease service levels. Typically. All rights reserved. Often times. most organizations were responsible for maintaining the servers and software. These third-party data center providers are better equipped to maintai n and update server equipment. 2 . and dissemination of data and information. This white paper will define data centers and exp lore cloud networking. cover more users. Global Knowledge Instructor. While some larger organizatio ns continue to manage internal data center. The original data center started as a private server room hosted within the organization’s facility containing many individual servers running single applicat ions. competit ive edge. With the need for flexibility. What Is a Data Center? A data center (sometimes called a server farm) is a centralized repository for t he storage.

This is a paradigm shift from the historical client-server architecture where the network users owned. reducing the duplication of hardware. and improve agility. and security devices. environmental controls. network connections. Cloud Computing Leveraging third-party computing capability over the network is a good way to cu t costs. many corporations are consolidating their server rooms into private data centers. and applications. and personal. In an attempt to reduce duplica tion and wasted expense. One of the biggest benefits to storage virtualization – other than the obvious ones such as centralized backups and the need for fewer hard drives overall – is the fact that the data can be replicated or migrated to another locat ion transparently to the server using the logical storage point. or even multiple data centers scatte red around the world. data servers. wiring. These data centers are hosting the servers and applications the c lients use to operate their business. Utility Computing. Service Commerce. One of the not so glamorous or “hi-tech” benefits of the data center is the consolidation of all of the facility resources such as HVAC. and Interne t Integration. the Telecommunic ations Industry Association (TIA) produced specification TIA-942: Telecommunicat ions Infrastructure for Data Center. The heterogeneous nature of most storage systems allows many differen t vendors’ storage hardware to be added to the system with little or no noticeable effect (except for the additional storage space). Typical cl oud computing providers deliver common business applications online that are acc essed from web browsers. Many corporations have multiple server rooms wi th duplicated services across their entire organization. One key benefit to the data center is that physical hard drive storage resources are aggregated into storage pools. These logical storage spaces can be reached from many different computer systems that share the same pool of storage space. Managed Service Providers (MSP). All rights reserved. redundant data communications connection s. The concept of cloud computing inv olves a data center somewhere in the world. h ardware. and data center tie rs (see sidebar). server rooms. This standard encompasses all parts of data center design. including cabling. increase scale. Platform as a Service (PaaS).are redundant or backup power supplies. maintained. 3 . from which “logical storage” i s created. and f acilities needed to operate their business. software. This was the first standard to specifically address data center infrastructure. In April 2005. facility. network design. while the software and data are stored on the servers o r SAN devices. Web Services. software. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. all of which are runnin g on duplicated hardware and software platforms. These applications are broadly divided into the following categor ies: Software as a Service (SaaS). and operated their own network infrastructure. electrical.

Annual downtime 22.Includes raised floors. There are many resources available in a data center and in the cloud that a client can purchase or rent.982% Availability .Redundant components .Annual downtime 28. the applications run on servers in the data center.This structure reduces capital expenditures. Data C enter Tiers • Tier 1 – Basic Data Center . 0 hours • Tier 3 – Concurrently Maintainable .741% Availability . or have any expertise on how to operate or maint ain the resources in the cloud. not the local laptop or desktop computer the user is operating. All rights reserved. and administration Network Design • Support of legacy systems • Enable rapid deployment of new and emerging technologies. • Reliability – Many cloud providers replicate their server environments in multiply data centers around th e globe. and memory. but does not actually run the application. UPS and generator . which accounts for business continuity and disaster recovery.6 hours • Tier 4 – Fault Tolerant . This procedure reduces the need for big p rocessing power and memory on the end user’s computer and centralizes it in the da ta center.Structured cabling system for data centers using standardized a rchitecture and media • Copper and fiber cabling performances • Connectors. the customer gains the security of a servic e level agreement (SLA) as well as the saved expense of hiring an IT staff to ma intain a local server farm. Clients only need to know how to connect to the resources and how to use the applications needed to perform their jobs. UPS. • Multi-tenancy – Resources and cost are s hared among many users.Includes raised floors .Single path for power and cooling distribution . operations.Includes raised floors. ne twork bandwidth. distribution hardware • Cabling distancez • Space management Facility Design • Data center sizing • Power distribution methodologies • Pathways and spaces • HVAC. Others bill on a subscription basis.Multiple active power and cooling distributions paths .No redundancy .671% Availability .99. in other words.8 hours • Tier 2 – Redundant Components 99.Multiple active distribution path TIA-942 Contents 4 . • Location & Hardware Independence – Users can access application from a web br owser connected anywhere on the internet.Si ngle path for power and cooling distribution . Cabling Design .May or may not have a raised floo r. UPS and generators . With clo ud-based computing. security.Single path fo r power and cooling distribution .99.999% Availability .Redundant components . UPS.Annual downtime 1. it runs a user interface. since by renting from a third-party provider to provide the services on a peruse fee the business only pays for the resources used. allowing overall cost reduction. and generators . The user’s computer provid es a window into the application. meaning they bill clients like a utility such as an electrical company. Some Cloud providers employ a utility computing model. such as processing time. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC. disk storage. • Savings – There is a reduction of capital expenditures and IT person nel.99. Key benefits of cloud computing: • Flexibility – There is the ability to update hardware and software quickly to adhere to customer demands and updates i n technology. In either case. cables. or generator . The users of the cloud do not need to know where the data center is.

red ucing the need to maintain a server Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC.• Scalability – Multiply resources load balance peak load capacity and utilization a cross multiply hardware platforms in different locations • Security – Centralization of sensitive data improves security by removing data from the users’ computers. C loud providers also have the staff resources to maintain all the latest security features to help protect data. clients can reduce their cost of operation and need for technical staff. as well as proper environmental and security to protect the eq uipment and the clients’ data. and energy-saving techniques use d by cloud providers is virtualization. By renting these data center resources. All updates and changes a re made in one centralized server instead of on each user’s computer. such as cloud computing. With OS virtualization each VM can use a different ope rating system (OS). Many companies use VMs to consolidate servers. and increase the a mount of time and energy expended on their core business. The term Cloud Computing was inspired by the cloud symbol that is often used to represent the Internet in flow charts and diagrams. and sto rage systems. enabling different services to run in separate VMs o n the same physical machine. Most data centers have redundant power systems and data communicat ions connections. Utilizing VMs requires the guest operat ing systems to use memory virtualization to share the memory of the one physical host. Many services are offe red at data centers. Memory virtualization leverages lar ge amount of memory which improves overall performance. 5 . VMs allow time-sharing of a single computer among s everal single-tasking operating systems. and increased efficiency. system utilization. Memory Virtualization removes volatile random access memory (RAM) resources from individual systems. Summary A data center is a facility used to house computers. All rights reserved. hardware-reducing. • Maintenance – Centralized applications are much ea sier to maintain than their distributed counter parts. Virtualization is done with software-bas ed computers that share the underlying physical machine resources among differen t virtual machines (VMs). and aggregates those resources into a virtualized memory po ol available to any computer in the cluster. and each OS is isolated from the others. Virtualization One of the main cost-saving. For all practical purposes the use of cloud computing centralizes the clients’ server hardware and applications. telecommunications. Allowing applications on multiple servers to share data wi thout replication also reduces the total amount of memory needed.

Learn More Learn more about how you can improve productivity. Choose from our more than 1. CCNA is a Global Knowledge contract instructor who provides c onsulting service though his company LMLP. Banyan Vines. and also do ing its share to save the planet. The data center reduces the need for hardware by “time sharing” clients on the same hardware platform with the use o f virtualization. the data center reduces its need for power and HVAC.0 and all versions and technologies in between. Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training and Nove ll certifications. since users can access th eir applications from anywhere on the internet. Paul began with Layer 2 TAC and escalated his career into the Advanced Services Multiservice or call 1-800-COURSES to speak with a sales representative. LLC.0 (CIPT) and Wholesale Voice and Dial (SS7 to VoIP interconnect tec hnology SC2200/PGW2200). Configure. and sharp en your competitive edge. Paul has led man y teams to develop and teach classes for Cisco Systems. and staffing of their own. By reducing the number of servers. visit www. to meet your IT and business training needs. Our expert ins tructors draw upon their experiences to help you understand key concepts and how to apply them to your specific work situation. As an engineer at Cisco Systems Inc. About the Author Paul Stryer.globalknowledge.0 DCASI – Implementing Data Center Application Services v1. including increased productivity. enhance efficiency. and On-site sessions. Paul was exposed to many different disciplines within th e Technical Assistance Center (TAC). Paul ha s continued his experience in the voice and data communications arena as a netwo rk integrator and contract instructor outside of Cisco Systems.0 DCASD – Data Center Appl ication Services v1. OSPF. The use of cloud computing also has many other benefits. Manage [v4] VMware vSphere: Fast Track [v4] For more information or to register. As one of the founding members of the Selsi us (CallManager) TAC Paul has worked with CallManger 2. All rights reserved. Using his Microsoft. and Wireless Technologies. CCSI. Our courses and enhanced.200 courses. delivered through Classrooms. hands-on labs and exercises off er practical skills and tips that you can immediately put to use. During his tenure with Cisco Systems Paul assisted with developing and teaching classes on BGP.1 to the current Unified Communications Manager 7. 6 .0 D CNI1-BC – Data Center Networking Infrastructure Boot Camp VMware vSphere: Install. e-Learning. Check out the following Global Knowledge courses: ACEB C – ACE Boot Camp CWAAS – Wide Area Application Services v2. such as Cisco IP Telepho ny version 1. again reducing the cost of doing business. for over 10 years. equipment.

org/ Copyright ©2010 Global Knowledge Training LLC.htm l Wikipedia – IEEE – http://ieee802.pdf Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA-942) – http://tiaonline. All rights 7 .org/ 3/hssg/public/nov06/diminico_01_1106.Resources Cisco Data Center Technologies – http://www.