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D20/D200

Technical Overview
PRPI-019 Version 3.00 Revision 1

General

D20/D200 Technical Overview

GE Energy

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2004-2005, General Electric Canada. All rights reserved. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. The software described in this document is supplied under license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. The information contained in this document is the exclusive property of General Electric Company except as otherwise indicated, and shall not be disclosed or reproduced in whole or in part without prior written consent from General Electric Company. The contents of this manual are the property of General Electric Canada. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, except as permitted in written license agreement with General Electric Canada. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. Any attached hardware schematics and technical descriptions, or software listings that disclose source code, are for information purposes only. Reproduction in whole or in part to create working hardware or software for other than General Electric Canada products is strictly prohibited, except as permitted by written license agreement with General Electric Canada.

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MODIFICATION RECORD
VERSION 1.00 3.00 REV. 1 0.1 DATE 04.01.13 05.01.22 AUTHOR J. Doeberry C. Jeffrey CHANGE DESCRIPTION Created. Document brought up to date and rewritten.

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Contents
About this Document ................................................................................................................... ix Purpose....................................................................................................................................... ix Who Should Use this Document?............................................................................................... x Additional Documentation.......................................................................................................... x Whats New.....................................................................................................................................1 D20ME II Main Processor.......................................................................................................... 1 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion) ................................................................................... 2 New D20/D200 I/O Peripherals.................................................................................................. 2 D20AC, AC Analog Input Peripheral ..................................................................................... 2 D20 High-Voltage Peripherals................................................................................................ 3 D20K4Z Termination Module ................................................................................................ 3 New Power Supplies................................................................................................................... 3 Multiple Language Support ........................................................................................................ 4 1. System Overview........................................................................................................................5 1.1 System Architecture............................................................................................................ 6 1.2 Hardware Design ................................................................................................................ 6 1.3 D20/D200 Product Comparison.......................................................................................... 7 1.4 D20 RTU Platform.............................................................................................................. 7 1.5 D200 Substation Automation Platform............................................................................. 10 1.5.1 D200 Features .............................................................................................................. 10 1.6 D20/D200 RTU Hardware................................................................................................ 12 1.6.1 Chassis ......................................................................................................................... 12 1.6.2 Main Processor............................................................................................................. 14 1.6.3 Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit ..................................................................... 15 1.6.4 Power Supplies............................................................................................................. 16 1.6.5 Modems........................................................................................................................ 17 1.7 I/O Peripherals .................................................................................................................. 17 1.8 Auxiliary Equipment......................................................................................................... 18 1.9 Communications ............................................................................................................... 18 1.10 Firmware ........................................................................................................................... 19 1.11 Configuration and Maintenance Software ........................................................................ 19 1.12 System Documentation ..................................................................................................... 19

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2. Detailed Technical Description...............................................................................................21 2.1 Mechanical Design and Packaging ................................................................................... 21 2.1.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 21 2.1.2 Enclosure...................................................................................................................... 22 2.1.3 Chassis ......................................................................................................................... 22 2.1.4 Peripheral I/O Module Assembly ................................................................................ 24 2.1.5 Environmental.............................................................................................................. 25 2.2 Main Processor.................................................................................................................. 26 2.2.1 Hardware...................................................................................................................... 26 2.2.2 D20/D200 Main Processor Specifications ................................................................... 27 2.2.3 Firmware ...................................................................................................................... 28 2.2.4 Time Synchronization .................................................................................................. 30 2.3 Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit .......................................................................... 32 2.4 I/O Peripheral Modules..................................................................................................... 33 2.4.1 Types of I/O Peripherals .............................................................................................. 33 2.4.2 Termination Types ....................................................................................................... 34 2.4.3 Hardware...................................................................................................................... 36 2.4.4 Firmware ...................................................................................................................... 37 2.4.5 I/O Processing.............................................................................................................. 39 2.4.6 D20S Digital Input Peripheral ..................................................................................... 40 2.4.7 D20A Analog Input Peripheral .................................................................................... 44 2.4.8 D20K Control Output Peripheral ................................................................................. 49 2.4.9 Interposing Relay Panel ............................................................................................... 54 2.4.10 D20C Combination I/O Peripheral ............................................................................ 54 2.4.11 D20AC, AC Analog Input Peripheral ........................................................................ 58 2.5 D20/D200 Power Supplies and Chargers ......................................................................... 60 2.5.1 D20 Power Supply Specifications ............................................................................... 61 2.5.2 D20 Battery Chargers .................................................................................................. 62 2.6 D20 Modems..................................................................................................................... 63 2.6.1 WESDAC 202/V.23 Modem Specifications................................................................ 64 2.7 Communications ............................................................................................................... 65 2.8 D.20 Link .......................................................................................................................... 66 2.8.1 Designing a Distributed D20 Network ........................................................................ 67 2.8.2 D.20 Communication Interface.................................................................................... 68 2.8.3 Adapter Modules.......................................................................................................... 69 2.8.4 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter.............................................................................................. 69 2.8.5 Communication Cables ................................................................................................ 70 2.8.6 Power Requirements .................................................................................................... 71 2.9 Redundancy....................................................................................................................... 71 2.9.1 D20/D200 Redundancy................................................................................................ 72 2.9.2 D.20 Link Redundancy ................................................................................................ 73 2.10 Auxiliary Equipment......................................................................................................... 74 2.10.1 Universal Protocol Converter .................................................................................... 74 2.10.2 Data Display Panel..................................................................................................... 75 2.10.3 Fiber Optic Interfaces................................................................................................. 75

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3. Configuration and Maintenance Software ............................................................................76 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Config Pro......................................................................................................................... 76 LogicLinx.......................................................................................................................... 76 WESMAINT ..................................................................................................................... 76 PROMAINT...................................................................................................................... 77 68K Monitor...................................................................................................................... 77

4. Application Software ...............................................................................................................78 User Programmable Logic ........................................................................................................ 78 Generation, Transmission, and Feeder Bay Automation Applications .................................... 78 Distribution Automation Applications...................................................................................... 78 Communication Services Applications..................................................................................... 79 Data Logging / Storage Applications........................................................................................ 79 Data Reduction and Summarizing Applications....................................................................... 79 Data Conversion Applications .................................................................................................. 80 Other DTAs............................................................................................................................... 80 5. Frequently Asked Questions ...................................................................................................81 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 What is the difference between the D20 and the D200?................................................... 81 Will VME cards work with my non-VME systems? ........................................................ 81 What is the I/O capacity of a D20 system?....................................................................... 81 What is the I/O capacity of a D200 system?..................................................................... 82 What are the added features of the ME II Main Processor over the ME Main Processor? .. ....................................................................................................................................... 82

A. Specifications and Supported Standards ..............................................................................83 B. Supported Host Protocols.......................................................................................................86 C. Supported IED Protocols .......................................................................................................87 D. Power Consumption D20 Modules ....................................................................................89 E. D20/D200 Main Processor Compatibility .............................................................................90 F. D.20 Link Installation .............................................................................................................91

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Figures
Figure 1 D20ME II Main Processor.............................................................................................. 1 Figure 2 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)....................................................................... 2 Figure 3 GE Integrated Substation Control System...................................................................... 5 Figure 4 D20 System Architecture ............................................................................................... 8 Figure 5 Example D20 Rack Layout ............................................................................................ 9 Figure 6 D200 Substation Automation Platform ........................................................................ 10 Figure 7 D200 System Architecture ........................................................................................... 11 Figure 8 Example D200 Rack Layout ........................................................................................ 12 Figure 9 D20 Perspective Drawing............................................................................................. 13 Figure 10 D200 Perspective Drawing......................................................................................... 14 Figure 11 D20ME II Main Processor.......................................................................................... 15 Figure 12 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)................................................................... 16 Figure 13 D20/D200 Chassis Mounted Power Supplies............................................................. 16 Figure 14 D20A I/O Peripheral................................................................................................... 17 Figure 15 D20 Chassis (non-VME version) ............................................................................... 23 Figure 16 D20 Chassis (VME version)....................................................................................... 23 Figure 17 D200 Chassis .............................................................................................................. 24 Figure 18 D20 Peripheral I/O Module ........................................................................................ 25 Figure 19 D20ME Block Diagram.............................................................................................. 26 Figure 20 D20/D200 Time Synchronization............................................................................... 31 Figure 21 Demodulated IRIG B Signal ...................................................................................... 31 Figure 22 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)................................................................... 32 Figure 23 D20 I/O Peripheral - Compression Termination ........................................................ 34 Figure 24 D20 I/O Peripheral DB25 Termination ................................................................... 34 Figure 25 D20 I/O Peripheral Disconnect Termination........................................................... 35 Figure 26 D20 I/O Peripheral Barrier Termination ................................................................. 35 Figure 27 D20 Peripheral I/O Block Diagram............................................................................ 36 Figure 28 D20S Digital Input Peripheral .................................................................................... 40

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Figure 29 D20S Digital Input Peripheral Block Diagram .......................................................... 41 Figure 30 D20A Analog Input Peripheral................................................................................... 44 Figure 31 D20A Analog Input Peripheral Block Diagram ......................................................... 45 Figure 32 Analog Conversion Process........................................................................................ 45 Figure 33 Three-point Linearity Correction ............................................................................... 47 Figure 34 D20K Control Output Peripheral ............................................................................... 49 Figure 35 Interposing Relays ...................................................................................................... 54 Figure 36 D20 Power Supply...................................................................................................... 61 Figure 37 D200 Power Supplies ................................................................................................. 61 Figure 38 D.20 Link Example Configuration ............................................................................. 67 Figure 39 D.20 Communications Interface................................................................................. 68 Figure 40 D.20 Communication Interface .................................................................................. 68 Figure 41 DCI Modes of Operation ............................................................................................ 69 Figure 42 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter ............................................................................................ 69 Figure 43 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter ............................................................................................ 70 Figure 44 D200 Redundancy ...................................................................................................... 72 Figure 45 Single D20/D200 with Loop Redundancy ................................................................. 73 Figure 46 Single D20/D200 with Redundant LAN .................................................................... 74 Figure 47 Data Display Panel ..................................................................................................... 75

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Tables
Table 1 D20/D200 Power Supply Replacements.......................................................................... 3 Table 2 D20/D200 Product Comparison........................................................................................ 7 Table 3 D20/D200 Power Supplies............................................................................................. 17 Table 4 D20/D200 Main Processor Specifications..................................................................... 27 Table 5 D20/D200 Ethernet Media Types .................................................................................. 32 Table 6 D20/D200 I/O Peripherals ............................................................................................. 33 Table 7 I/O Processing................................................................................................................. 39 Table 8 D20S Specifications....................................................................................................... 43 Table 9 D20S Options................................................................................................................. 43 Table 10 D20A Specifications .................................................................................................... 48 Table 11 D20A Options .............................................................................................................. 49 Table 13 D20K Specifications .................................................................................................... 52 Table 14 D20K Options .............................................................................................................. 53 Table 12 D20KI Options............................................................................................................. 54 Table 15 D20C Daughter Boards................................................................................................ 55 Table 16 D20C Specifications .................................................................................................... 56 Table 17 D20C Options .............................................................................................................. 57 Table 18 D20AC Features and Specifications ............................................................................ 58 Table 19 D20AC Options ........................................................................................................... 59 Table 20 D20/D200 Power Supplies........................................................................................... 61 Table 21 D20/D200 Battery Chargers ........................................................................................ 62 Table 22 D20/D200 Modems...................................................................................................... 63 Table 23 WESDAC 202/V.23 Modem Specifications ............................................................... 64 Table 24 D20/D200 Communications Links .............................................................................. 65 Table 25 D20/D200 Fiber Optic Links ....................................................................................... 75

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About this Document


Purpose
This document provides a technical overview of the D20/D200 Remote Terminal Unit (RTU). The document is organized as follows: Whats New: This section highlights recent additions and enhancements that have been made to the D20/D200 product line. 1. System Overview: This section provides an overview of the D20/D200 system hardware and software. 2. Detailed Technical Description: This section provides a detailed description of the D20/D200 hardware, software and operation. 3. Configuration and Maintenance Software: This section describes utilities and applications that are available to help you configure, manage and maintain your D20/D200 system. 4. Application Software: This section describes some of the substation automation and SCADA applications that are available for the D20/D200. 5. Frequently Asked Questions: This appendix presents answers to frequently asked questions about the D20/D200. A. Specifications and Supported Standards: This appendix lists key industry specifications with which the D20/D200 complies. B. Supported Host Protocols: This appendix lists SCADA host protocols supported by the D20/D200. C. Supported IED Protocols: This appendix lists IED protocols supported by the D20/D200. D. Power Consumption D20 Modules This appendix lists nominal power consumption for D20 components, for use in power calculations. E. D20/D200 Main Processor Compatibility: This appendix shows the compatibility of D20 processors with the D20/D200 chassis. F. D.20 Link Installation: This appendix provides guidelines on planning and installing a D.20 Link.

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Who Should Use this Document?


This document is a helpful resource for utility customers or GE partners who are purchasing or evaluating a remote terminal unit or substation control system. It is intended for readers who have a knowledge of substation automation equipment and applications.

Additional Documentation
For further information about the D20/D200 product family, refer to the following documents: D20/D200 Installation and Operation Guide (994-0078) D20, D25, iBOX Automation Applications (PRPI-048)

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Whats New
GE Energy is pleased to announce the following additions to the D20/D200 product family:

D20ME II Main Processor


The D20ME II, the latest generation of D20/D200 processors, builds on the increased memory, performance and communication port speed introduced with the D20ME. Where the D20ME supports up to eight RS-232 serial ports (one of which is reserved for the maintenance port), the D20ME II supports: Seven serial ports, each of which can be configured as either RS-485 or RS-232, and One RS-232 maintenance port.

Each D20ME II RS-485 port can communicate with up to 32 devices and operate over distances up to 4000 feet, without the use of repeaters. The D20ME II is backwards compatible with VME and non-VME versions of the D20 chassis, and with the D200 chassis. For more information, see section 2.2, Main Processor.

Figure 1 D20ME II Main Processor

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D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)


The D20EME is a VME-based module that combines Ethernet support and global memory expansion.

Figure 2 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)

The D20EME allows VME-based D20 and D200 systems to be connected directly to any 10 MB Ethernet-based network. Available configurations of the D20EME module include: Ethernet only Memory only Ethernet and Memory

For more information, see section 2.3, Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit.

New D20/D200 I/O Peripherals


Several new I/O peripherals have been added to the D20/D200 product family.

D20AC, AC Analog Input Peripheral


The D20AC, AC analog input peripheral provides AC analog computing and monitoring. It has the following features: Up to 132 analog values and 18 accumulator values Direct AC analog inputs from current and voltage transformers for up to three 3-phase circuits, eliminating the need for transducers and/or metering IEDs Integrated key substation functions such as metering, analog processing and power quality measurement 3-element and 1-element (balanced system) metering Meter calculations include kW, kVArs, kVA, power factor, frequency, kWh, kVARh, kVAh and symmetrical components. Power quality data: %THD (total harmonic distortion), 21st harmonic

For more information, see section 2.4.11 , D20AC, AC Analog Input Peripheral.

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D20 High-Voltage Peripherals


D20 high-voltage peripherals provide an extra level of protection for your system. They are packaged similar to the standard D20 I/O peripherals, but the input and output circuits are conditioned to handle higher voltages. For instance, the high-voltage version of the D20S, the D20 SZ, supports ON thresholds of up to 220 VDC. For more information, see section 2.4, I/O Peripheral.

D20K4Z Termination Module


The WESTERM D20K4Z is the termination panel for the D20K4Z high-voltage control output module. As well as providing outputs that can withstand higher voltages, all of the control relays on the D20K4Z termination module are 4-pole, momentary contact, so that both sides of an interposer coil can be switched for additional control security. For more information, see section 2.4, I/O Peripheral.

New Power Supplies


GE Energy has introduced several new D20/D200 power supplies that provide additional capacity and improved standards compliance. The new power supplies are designed to be drop-in replacements for the existing D20 power supplies. As shown in the following tables, each of the existing power supplies has two possible replacements, one with a 24 V isolated output, and one with a 48 V isolated output. For more information, see section 2.5, D20/D200 Power Supplies and Chargers.
Table 1 D20/D200 Power Supply Replacements
Supply Phased Out Part Number Input Voltage Range +5 V Current +12 V Current -12 V Current ISO V/I 580-0240 90-135 VAC 5A 1A A 24 V/3 A Drop In Replacement 580-2006 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 24 V/3 A Alternative Replacement 580-2007 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 48 V/1 A

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Supply Phased Out Part Number Input Voltage Range +5 V Current +12 V Current -12 V Current ISO V/I 580-0241 100-150 VDC 5A 1A A 24 V/ A

Drop In Replacement 580-2006 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 24 V/3 A

Alternative Replacement 580-2007 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 48 V/1 A

Supply Phased Out Part Number Input Voltage Range +5 V Current +12 V Current -12 V Current ISO V/I 580-0296 20-60 VDC 5A 1A A 24 V/ A

Drop In Replacement 580-2004 20-60 VDC 7A 2A 1A 24 V/3 A Drop In Replacement 580-2007 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 48 V/1 A

Alternative Replacement 580-2005 20-60 VDC 7A 2A 1A 48 V/1 A Alternative Replacement 580-2006 100-300 VDC or 85-264 VAC 7A 2A 1A 24 V/3 A

Supply Phased Out Part Number Input Voltage Range +5 V Current +12 V Current -12 V Current ISO V/I 580-0297 100300 VDC or 90265 VAC 5A 1A A 48 V/1 A

Multiple Language Support


To meet the needs of our international customers, GE Energy has added multiple language support to many of our software products that complement the D20/D200, including PowerLink, Config Pro and WESMAINT. These products can be supplied in other languages by request so that end users, such as system operators, can work efficiently in their native language. Contact GE Energy for details.

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1. System Overview
This section provides an overview of the D20/D200 system hardware and software. More detailed technical information can be found in 2. Detailed Technical Description. The D20/D200 is the heart of GE Energys iSCS (Integrated Substation Control System), as illustrated in Figure 3.

Voice & Security PowerLink Advantage HMI

Communications Equipment GE JungleMUX

Fiber loop to other sites

Corp. LAN
High speed between relays Ethernet LAN Data Concentration / Protocol Conversion GE IP Server GE D20 Ethernet Relays GE UR Relay D20 I/O Modules

Status Control Analogs

Transformer monitor and control

GE D25

Bay monitor and control GE iBOX GE Hydran GE Multlin Legacy relays

GE tMEDIC

GE Multlin

Legacy relays

Radio to DA system

Figure 3 GE Integrated Substation Control System

The D20/D200 provides substation server functionality in a mission-critical, substation-hardened package. The D20/D200 has a distributed architecture for gathering data from, and controlling, substation equipment. The D20/D200 is available with a broad range of: SCADA host protocols (see C. Supported Host Protocols) IED protocols (see D. Supported IED Protocols) Communication options (see section 2.7, Communications) Input/output (I/O) peripheral modules (see section 2.4, I/O Peripheral) Operation and maintenance utilities (see 3. Configuration and Maintenance Software)
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Substation automation applications (see 4. Application Software)

1.1 System Architecture


The D20/D200 is based on a distributed processing architecture that consists of one or more main processors, peripheral I/O modules, termination panels, power supplies and communications equipment. The main components of a D20/D200 system are: D20/D200 main chassis, equipped with processor(s), power supply, RS-232/485 ports Input/output peripheral modules Auxiliary equipment Communications interfaces Application firmware Configuration and maintenance software User manuals

The main processor communicates with I/O peripherals over proprietary high-speed D.20 communications links. General-purpose RS-232 and RS-485 serial ports provide communications with a variety of external devices, including substation equipment (IEDs, for example), local printers, operator terminals, and SCADA computers. Field data acquired by the D20/D200 is maintained in the system database, where it can be accessed and processed by different application programs.

1.2 Hardware Design


The D20 and D200 hardware designs are based on: Distributed processing architecture which permits the sharing of I/O data processing between the main processor and I/O peripheral processors CMOS logic devices for low power consumption, noise immunity and high reliability Advanced 32-bit Freescale 68030 (D20ME and ME II) and 68HC11 (D20 I/O peripherals) single-chip microcontrollers Programmable logic devices (PLD) to provide flexibility and reliability, and to reduce the physical space taken up by logic circuits 9600-baud maintenance port D.20 HDLC link over a shielded cable or a glass/plastic fiber optic cable

The modular design of the D20/D200 allows for easy expansion when you need additional processing power or communication ports.

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1.3 D20/D200 Product Comparison


Table 2 summarizes the key differences between the D20 and the D200.
Table 2 D20/D200 Product Comparison
D20 Maximum Processor Boards Maximum I/O Boards 1 - non-VME chassis 2 - VME chassis 31 (without repeaters) 120 (with repeaters) VME Backplane Maximum Serial Ports Base Software Applications Software Optional 14 + 2 maintenance port Standard D20 Base, CCU Base Full suite of GE Energy automation application software and protocols 5-7* 7 124 (without repeaters) 480 (with repeaters) Standard 49 + 7 maintenance ports CCU Base Full suite of GE Energy automation application software and protocols 5 - 7 per node * D200

Typical Number of Applications *

* Each D20/D200 application has specific memory and processing requirements. The number of applications that can be supported is therefore system-specific, and this will be determined during system engineering. If the applications you require are particularly processor or memory-intensive, the number that can be supported may be less than that shown in Table 2. Likewise, if the applications are not particularly processor or memoryintensive, the number that can be supported may be higher than that shown. Contact GE Energy for further information.

1.4 D20 RTU Platform


There are two types of D20 RTU masters: Single-slot (or non-VME) One processor Five-slot VME Up to two processors plus Ethernet

The D20 hardware consists of a rack-mountable chassis containing one or more processor boards, power supplies and modems. As shown in Figure 4, the D20 interfaces with substation equipment either through peripheral I/O modules, or directly through RS-232, RS-485, or Ethernet links.

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The D20 can support up to: Two D.20 ports, each supporting up to 31 I/O peripherals, without repeaters, and 120 I/O peripherals, with repeaters 14 RS-232 or RS-485 ports (7 per processor board) Two Ethernet channels
DMS/EMS/PLA DMS/EMS/PLA

D20 RTU Master RS-232/ 485

WAN

...

This device is protected by a wide range of patents 4032144581, 4032144581, 4032144581, 4032144851

D.20 Link

802.3 LAN Ethernet IEDs or Relays

IEDs or Relays

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

Figure 4 D20 System Architecture

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An example of a D20 rack layout is shown in Figure 5.


42 40

D20 CHASSIS (with 7 COM ports) Optional second 7 COM port panel

UPC 30 WESDAC D20A WESTERM D20A

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20S WESTERM D20S

20

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20K WESTERM D20K

DUCT PANEL

10

Figure 5 Example D20 Rack Layout

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1.5 D200 Substation Automation Platform


The D200 has the computing power and expandability needed to provide substation automation in larger substations. This is achieved through an innovative design that employs multiple D20 processors, communicating over a VME bus.

Figure 6 D200 Substation Automation Platform

The D200 has the processing power to monitor and control thousands of I/O points. It can run sophisticated automation applications, such as our LogicLinx programmable logic control, without compromising performance. GE Energy has installed D200 systems with point counts exceeding 80,000. Contact GE Energy for further information on engineering large systems.

1.5.1 D200 Features


RS-232/RS-485 ports support large numbers of host systems and IEDs VME bus architecture provides high scalability and performance for adding serial ports, LAN options, and memory Data is integrated and coordinated, so different applications access a single, real-time database Optional redundant configuration for high reliability at critical sites (see section 2.9, Redundancy) Hardened to perform critical control functions in the substation environment, in accordance with applicable IEEE and IEC standards

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D200 hardware is similar in design to the D20 hardware, but it has significantly more physical capacity. Based on a 9-slot VME chassis, the D200, illustrated in Figure 7, can support up to: 4 D.20 ports, each supporting up to 31 I/O peripherals, without repeaters, and 120 I/O peripherals, with repeaters 49 RS-232 or RS-485 ports (seven per D20ME or D20ME II Main Processor) Two Ethernet channels
DMS/EMS/PLA

DMS/EMS/PLA
D200 RTU Master

WAN

RS-232/ 485

...

D.20 Links

802.3 LAN Ethernet IEDs or Relays

IEDs or Relays

...
I/O Peripheral I/O Peripheral

...
I/O Peripheral

Figure 7 D200 System Architecture

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I/O Peripheral

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An example of a D200 rack layout is shown in Figure 8.


42 40 FAILOVER SUPPLY BLANK PANEL FAILOVER SUPPLY BLANK PANEL L/R SWITCH PANEL DUCT PANEL DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20A WESTERM D20A

D200 CCU CHASSIS 30 UPC DUAL MODEM PANEL D.20 DC INTERFACE DUCT PANEL 20

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20A WESTERM D20A

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20S WESTERM D20S

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20S WESTERM D20S

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20K WESTERM D20K

10

DUCT PANEL WESDAC D20K WESTERM D20K

DUCT PANEL POWER BAR 1 POWER BAR

Figure 8 Example D200 Rack Layout

1.6 D20/D200 RTU Hardware


1.6.1 Chassis
The D20 and D200 chassis feature a VME/Eurocard design for mounting plug-in D20 modules: Main Processor Power Supplies Modems Ethernet/Memory Expansion Module Media Interface Card

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For convenience, maintenance ports, test points, indicators and power switches are brought out to the front of the chassis. With VME versions of the D20 and D200 chassis, external connections are provided through rear-mounted termination panels.

1.6.1.1 D20 Chassis

D20EME Ethernet Memory Expansion Module

Power Supply

5.25 in D20ME or D20ME II Main Processor (up to 2) Media Interface Cards 19.0 in Modem 8.5 in

Figure 9 D20 Perspective Drawing

The D20 chassis is available in a single-slot Eurocard version, or a five-slot VME version. The single-slot chassis provides one horizontal double-size Eurocard slot for mounting the D20 processor card. It is equipped with an integral D20 termination board for customer power and field connection, and for serial-port access. The VME chassis is equipped with five horizontal expansion slots for use with VME compatible printed circuit boards. A separate termination board is required with the full VME chassis. The VME D20 chassis can support up to: Two D20 processor cards Two D.20 ports, each supporting up to 31 peripherals without repeaters or 120 I/O peripherals with repeaters Fourteen RS-232 or RS-485 ports per processor Two Ethernet ports

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1.6.1.2 D200 Chassis


D20EME Ethernet Memory Expansion Module Up to four Power Supplies Power Switch / Fuse Panel

10.5 in

19 in. D20ME or D20ME II Main Processors (up to seven) Media Interface Card (MIC) Modem Slots (seven if MIC installed, eight otherwise)

Figure 10 D200 Perspective Drawing

The D200 chassis is a nine-slot VME chassis that can support up to: Seven D20 processor cards Four D.20 ports supporting up to 124 peripherals without repeaters and 480 I/O peripherals with repeaters 49 RS-232 or RS-485 ports (seven per main processor) Two Ethernet ports

1.6.2 Main Processor


The design of the D20 main processor has evolved with improvements in processor performance and electronic packaging technology. Previous versions of the D20 main processor (D20M, D20M+ and D20M++), although no longer available, are still operating at many locations. The current versions of the D20 main processor (D20ME and D20ME II) are described below. For a detailed description of the main processors, see section 2.2, Main Processor. Compatibility of the different versions of the D20/D200 main processors and chassis is listed in E. D20/D200 Main Processor Compatibility.

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Figure 11 D20ME II Main Processor

1.6.2.1 D20ME
The D20ME Main Processor: Concentrates data from substation equipment, then processes and forwards this data to the SCADA Master Receives control actions from the SCADA Master and forwards these actions to substation equipment Depending on the application software supported on the unit, initiates control actions based on the status of the substation equipment Processes maintenance commands received through the WESMAINT port. D20 I/O Peripherals RS-232 ports (eight RS-232 ports per D20ME, one of which is the maintenance port) Ethernet ports (two per D20/D200)

The D20ME interfaces with substation equipment through:

1.6.2.2 D20ME II
In addition to the D20ME functionality described above, the D20ME II main processor can be configured to support RS-485 communications on any of seven serial ports (the eighth is reserved for the RS-232 WESMAINT port). Through each of the RS-485 serial ports, the D20/D200 can communicate point-to-multipoint with large numbers of end devices, out to a distance of 4000 feet.

1.6.3 Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit


The D20EME is a VME-based module that combines Ethernet support and global memory expansion.

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Figure 12 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)

The D20EME allows VME-based D20 and D200 systems to be connected directly to any 10 Mbps Ethernet-based network. Available configurations of the D20EME module include: Ethernet only Memory only Ethernet and Memory

For more information, see section 2.3, Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit.

1.6.4 Power Supplies


The D20 switch-mode power supply, installed in the D20 chassis, provides power to the units that are installed in the chassis, and up to five D20 I/O peripherals depending on the hardware configuration. For larger systems with more than five I/O peripherals, an external power supply is always required. D200 power supplies provide power to multiple processors and are configured as separate +12 and 5 V supplies.

Figure 13 D20/D200 Chassis Mounted Power Supplies

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Several types of power supplies are available for D20/D200 systems:


Table 3 D20/D200 Power Supplies
Power Supply Type Features

Standard chassis-mounted

Chassis-mounted Switch-mode converters Provides power for all modules in the chassis, including the main processor, VME cards, modems.

External Redundant

Required for large numbers of I/O peripherals or modems. Provides fail-over protection and delivers continuous power to the D20 modules and peripherals.

For a listing of available power supplies, refer to section 2.5, D20/D200 Power Supplies and Chargers.

1.6.5 Modems
GE Energy offers a wide range of D20/D200 modems to provide communication between the D20/D200 and SCADA host computers or remote devices, including proprietary WESDAC modems and third-party modems from vendors such as Telenetics and Westermo. For more information, see section 2.6, D20 Modems.

1.7 I/O Peripherals


A range of I/O peripherals is available to provide expandable input/output functionality for the D20/D200.

Figure 14 D20A I/O Peripheral

The following types of I/O peripherals meet various input/output requirements. D20A 32-channel DC analog input module D20K 32 control relay module D20KI 8 interposer relay module (up to four D20KIs per D20K) D20S 64-channel digital input module
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D20C Combination of 16 digital inputs and 8 digital outputs. Optional 16 analog inputs, or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs. D20AC Up to 15 direct AC inputs and 1 DC analog input

For a detailed description, see section 2.4, I/O Peripheral. D20 I/O peripherals are available in standard and high-voltage versions. The high-voltage versions of the peripherals are electrically more robust than the standard versions, and meet a broader range of industry standards. These standards, which include IEC standards for electrostatic discharge, RFI susceptibility, electrical stress, and vibration, are described in A. Specifications and Supported Standards.

1.8 Auxiliary Equipment


GE Energy offers a selection of auxiliary equipment to support specific substation applications, including: Interposing relay panels for applications requiring heavy-duty control ratings Universal protocol converter to interface with devices that use synchronous protocols Data display panel to view any data point on a built in LCD screen Fiber optic interfaces

For more information, see section 2.10, Auxiliary Equipment.

1.9 Communications
The D20/D200 interfaces with peripherals and external devices over several types of communications facilities: RS-232 RS-485 D.20 Link Ethernet

For a detailed description, see section 2.7, Communications.

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1.10 Firmware
The D20/D200 software is based on a core set of software modules, collectively referred to as the base system. The base system is programmed into the D20/D200 on-board flash memory as firmware. Processing and data acquisition functionality is distributed between the I/O peripheral processors, which have similar but smaller base systems, and the D20 main processor. The base system for the D200 is commonly referred to as the CCU base system. For a detailed description, see section 2.2.3 , Firmware. D20/D200 base systems have the following features: System calls are available for user-generated software D20 peripheral firmware and processes Support of libraries and processes for a wide range of I/O devices Database manager facility (WESDAC Interface Node) Background system diagnostics Comprehensive diagnostic and maintenance facility support (WESMAINT)

1.11 Configuration and Maintenance Software


The D20/D200 is equipped with a range of maintenance utilities to assist the user in configuring, testing and monitoring the system: Config Pro, a PC-based tool for configuring D20/D200 hardware and software remotely over a network or locally through the maintenance port. LogicLinx, an IEC 61131-3 compliant soft logic automation tool comprising a executor running in the D20/D200 firmware and PC-based editor for creating PLC-like programs. WESMAINT is a maintenance facility that resides on the D20 and D200 accessed through a simple terminal to view collected data and system status and, for some applications, make changes to the configuration. 68K Monitor, an on-board advanced diagnostic tool accessed thorough a terminal interface and used for troubleshooting, including memory examination, dumping and editing, setting break points, and CPU usage and process profiling.

For a detailed description, see 3. Configuration and Maintenance Software.

1.12 System Documentation


A full suite of D20/D200 user documentation is provided with each system: Hardware Manual, consisting of: Hardware installation, operation and maintenance guides Software Manual, consisting of:

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Software configuration guides Maintenance utility user guides Site-Specific Manual, consisting of: Bills of Material Rack layouts Configuration tables Termination lists Cabling schematics Module layout drawings (complete with wiring and jumper configuration instructions).

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2. Detailed Technical Description


This section describes the D20/D200 hardware and software design & operation in more detail.

2.1 Mechanical Design and Packaging


2.1.1 General
The design of the D20/D200 packaging was driven by the following electric utility requirements: Environmental standards required by the power utility and resource industries Compliance with worldwide industry standards Maintainability Minimize the requirement for, and simplify, routine maintenance Reliability Maximize the Mean Time Between Failure and minimize Mean Time To Restore Packaging efficiency Safety Compact modules designed for industry-standard 19" (483 mm) rack mounting. VME/Eurocard architecture Front access provided on peripheral I/O modules for easy access to field terminations, displays and auxiliary hardware Electronics and logic circuits are easily removed from fixed I/O termination panels, without powering down the equipment or disconnecting field termination High-quality metal panels for all chassis, mountings, panels and terminations Corrosion-resistant finishes and anodized parts, for resistance to rust, oxidization and scratching Gold-plated connectors and sockets where necessary, tin or nickel-palladium plated connectors and sockets otherwise Connectors, integrated circuit sockets and terminations providing secure positive connections Separate termination boards for customer connections and serial I/O access Standard screw compression-type terminal blocks, capable of terminating a single #12 AWG [2.05mm] wire supplied for field I/O terminations. Optional DB25 connectors, removable terminals or customer-specified terminal blocks provide flexible termination schemes. Industry-standard FR-4 epoxy glass printed circuit boards, coated with solder mask
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To achieve these requirements, D20/D200 packaging is based on:

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Intermodule wiring mechanically protected and separated from field cabling

2.1.2 Enclosure
To meet specific customer requirements, GE offers a wide range of equipment enclosures, including NEMA 1, 4, 4X and 12 standard wall-mount, freestanding or swing frame cabinets. The standard cabinet color is beige. Custom colors (e.g. ASAG/gray) are available by request. As well, a complete line of accessories, such as lighting, AC outlets, and door locks, are available as options.

2.1.3 Chassis
D20/D200 chassis assemblies are 19 rack-mountable and based on Eurocard/VME (VersaModular Eurocard) standards. The chassis provides mounting and interconnection for the following D20 modules: Main processors Power supplies Modems Ethernet/Memory expansion Media interface cards

Power switches, test points and indicators are mounted on the front of the D20 modules. Rearmounted back planes are used to interconnect the VME bus positions and to provide cable and wire-harness interfaces. Depending on your application, the following types of chassis are available: D20 Chassis (non-VME) D20 Chassis (VME) D200 Chassis (VME)

2.1.3.1 D20 Chassis (non-VME)


The D20 chassis is a 3U horizontal slot chassis. Non-VME versions of the D20 provide a single horizontal Eurocard slot, into which the D20ME board is installed:

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Modems (up to three)

WESMAINT Port

D20M++ or D20ME or D20ME II (non VME version) Main Processor

Power Supply

Figure 15 D20 Chassis (non-VME version)

The non-VME version of the D20 chassis is equipped with a rear-mounted termination board that provides power connection and serial port access to the D20 system.

2.1.3.2 D20 Chassis (VME)


The VME version of the D20 chassis is equipped with five horizontal expansion slots for VMEcompatible modules:
D20EME Ethernet/Memory Expansion Module Media Interface Card (MIC)

D20ME or D20ME II Main Processors (one or two)

Modem slots (two, if MIC installed, three otherwise)

Power Supply

Figure 16 D20 Chassis (VME version)

The VME version of the D20 chassis is equipped with a rear-mounted termination board for power connections and serial ports for one processor board. An optional rack-mounted serial port panel is available to support the seven serial ports on a second processor board.

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2.1.3.3 D200 Chassis


The D200 is a vertical-slot VME chassis, as shown in Figure 17.
D20EME Ethernet/Memory Expansion Module Up to four Power Supplies Power Switch/ Fuse Panel

D20ME or D20ME II Main Processors (up to seven)

Media Interface Card (MIC)

Modem Slots (seven if MIC installed, eight otherwise)

Figure 17 D200 Chassis

The D200 chassis is equipped with a rear-mounted termination board for power connections and serial-port access.

2.1.4 Peripheral I/O Module Assembly


D20 peripheral I/O modules consist of two separate assemblies - a logic panel and a field termination panel. See Figure 18. The logic panel contains all of the logic circuitry and active components in the peripheral I/O module. The termination panel provides terminations for all field I/O, power, and maintenance connections, as well as connection to the upstream and downstream D.20 links. The termination panel is designed for flat mounting or 19 rack mounting.

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Acrylic Display Cover

L AC SD WE

l ane ic P og

Terminal Blocks

Metal Mounting Plate

M ER ST WE

ina rm e

tio

an nP

el

Figure 18 D20 Peripheral I/O Module

The logic panel is housed in a metal enclosure, which plugs directly into the termination panel. The logic panel enclosure is faced with a semi-transparent acrylic cover, which allows the user to monitor LED displays for various peripheral functions and field I/O points. If a unit fails, the operator unplugs the failed logic panel and replaces it with a working unit while the power remains on. Once the new unit is installed, the D20/D200 automatically downloads the appropriate operating software and database parameters to the module to make it operational.

2.1.5 Environmental
The D20 main processors meet all published specifications when operated within a temperature range of -20 to +70 C and a relative humidity range of 0 to 95% non-condensing. For operation below -20 C, optional heaters are available. Note: At higher extremes of the temperature and humidity operating ranges (i.e., when temperature and humidity are both high), occasional errors may be observed on RS485/D.20 links; however, packets with errors are detected and retransmitted by the data communications protocol. The net result is error-free communications.

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2.2 Main Processor


D20ME and D20ME II, which are the main processors for the D20/D200, act as master controllers over D20 peripheral I/O modules, which serve as slaves. The main processors function as data concentrators and central processors of field data. The D20 I/O peripheral modules perform the primary processing of data, which increases the speed and efficiency of the D20, by reducing the workload on the main processor. Note: In the following sections, references to the D20ME apply also to the D20ME II, unless explicitly stated.

2.2.1 Hardware
The D20ME is an advanced, single board, VME-bus-compatible central processing unit. It uses a real-time multi-tasking operating system that supports all standard SCADA/EMS related functions and advanced custom applications. It features high-speed CMOS logic devices that ensure low power consumption, noise immunity and reliability.
CPU/CONTROL SERIAL I/O Data Address and Control Buses

2 D.20 HDLC Ports 7 RS-232 Ports Wesmaint Port

Local Interrupts

INTERRUPT CONTROL

VME Interrupts

MEMORY

VME BUS INTERFACE

VME Bus

Figure 19 D20ME Block Diagram

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The D20ME consists of five distinct interacting circuit blocks, as shown in Figure 19. CPU/Control performs data processing, device addressing and system control. The D20ME uses an MC68030 32-bit microprocessor, which is capable of addressing up to four megabytes of on-board memory or four gigabytes when used in conjunction with external memory accessible via the VME bus interface. Also included in this block are address decoding, clock and control signal generation, asynchronous control, power monitor/watchdog timer/reset, status output port and diagnostic/debug facilities. Memory consists of memory components and circuits. The D20ME uses boot EPROM and three banks of four sets of memory devices (static RAM, non-volatile RAM, and flash) providing up to 1.5 MB, 0.5 MB, and 2 MB respectively of on-board memory. Interrupt Control consists of an interrupt handler designed specifically for the VME bus. It operates in conjunction with a VME bus controller, and determines the importance of, and controls, interrupts from the serial ports, the D.20 Link HDLC chip, and the real-time clock. Serial I/O is the communications center of the D20ME. It consists of two D.20 HDLC communications ports, one RS-232 9600 baud maintenance port and seven byte-oriented asynchronous RS-232 communication ports. The seven serial ports, all of which are programmable, are used for communication with SCADA/EMS master stations and/or other serial devices, such as printers and IEDs. The HDLC port handles a bit-oriented D.20 protocol structure for communicating with the D20 I/O peripheral. VME Bus Interface. The D20ME operates as the VME bus master to allow it to interface to, control and arbitrate the VME bus.

2.2.2 D20/D200 Main Processor Specifications


Table 4 D20/D200 Main Processor Specifications
Item Description

CPU/Memory

32-bit Freescale 68030 microprocessor 40 MHz MPU clock Real-time clock, 1.0 ms resolution accurate to 2.0 ppm On-board memory

2 MB Flash memory 2 MB SRAM (incl. 512 K battery back up) 512 KB BootROM

Self Diagnostics

Program memory checksums RAM test Configuration verification Interrupt controller verification Serial port test Watchdog and power monitor Peripheral communication checks Error logger

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Item

Description

Communications

Two HDLC ports for link to peripheral modules The D20ME has seven programmable RS-232 serial ports for communications to SCADA master, satellite RTUs and IEDs. The D20ME II has seven programmable serial ports, any combination of RS-232 and RS485. 38,400 kbps on all 7 ports, all running half duplex & 100% utilization (D20ME and D20ME II) 9600 baud, RS-232 maintenance port (D20ME and D20ME II) Support leased/dial-up telephone lines, modems, 900 MHz radio, trunked radio, spread spectrum radio, microwave, and fiber optic communications. Power consumption: 3.5 W typical, 5 W max. LED indications: Run/Halt and System Fail

Power Requirements Physical

2.2.3 Firmware
The D20ME contains two types of firmware: BootROM and flash applications. BootROM contains the software needed to start up a D20 and diagnostic applications. Application software consists of a base system that includes the operating system, hardware-dependent software, and applications that are modular and hardware-independent so they can run on multiple platforms (D20, D25 and iBOX, for example).

2.2.3.1 BootROM
BootROM firmware is stored on an EPROM chip. The following types of programs are stored as BootROM firmware: Operating system Boot-up (reset) code Device drivers IRQ controller initialization Interrupt service procedures Monitor functions Root process Watchdog task

Operating System The D20ME operating system is pSOS. pSOS is a real-time, multi-tasking operating system kernel, with the following features: Integrated, multi-tasking with a structured efficient supervisory layer Priority scheduling of processes in coordination with other tasks. User applications are partitioned into sets of processes
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Inter-task communication and synchronization controlled from an efficient dedicated functional group Dynamic memory allocation and reclamation, using an enhanced, highly efficient, first-fit algorithm Real-time clock control managed via a service call from an external time base. The real-time clock: Maintains calendar time Performs time slicing, which allows processes to pause Supplies a time-out option to other service calls

Direct memory access support is not required Efficient real-time responsiveness

Boot-Up Code The D20 system initializes from the BootROM. It checks and verifies the contents of the BootROM, then initializes the system hardware and various I/O devices. If it finds any errors or defects in the memory, the system either shuts down to a minimum running state or, in the event of serious defects, shuts down completely. After the initial diagnostic routines are run, the boot-up code downloads the operating system code into RAM so that it can be accessed more quickly. From this point on, all resident firmware and supplied custom applications run from either 32-bit wide RAM or 32-bit wide flash. The system and application databases are stored in NVRAM. Device Drivers The D20 uses two communication device drivers: Octart serial I/O chip, which manages input and output through eight serial ports. HDLC controller chip (dual-port), which forms part of the high-speed D.20 Link between the D20ME and the D20 I/O peripherals.

68K Monitor Functions Monitor functions include debugging tools that users can access via a PC, VT100 terminal with a keyboard, or remotely via telnet. Monitor functions include memory examination, dumping and editing, setting break points, single-step modes, communication port loop-back tests, mark and space modem adjustments, and CPU usage and process profiling. Watchdog Task Watchdog is a simple, low-priority task that is designed to send a reset signal to the watchdog timer circuit. As long as this circuit is reset every second, the system will not be rebooted. The D20 performs standard self-checks on initial start-up, periodically during operation, and as manually requested through WESMAINT.

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2.2.3.2 Base Applications


The D20 base system includes the following applications: WESDAC Interface Node (WIN) WESMAINT System library resources Data Collection Applications (DCAs), which poll devices to collect data. Data Processing Applications (DPAs), which request and process data required by a host/master computer. Data Translation Applications (DTAs), which manipulate data inside the RTU to generate new information, translate data to different formats, or take action when certain events occur.

Base applications, which are stored in flash memory, can be classified as one of the following:

WESDAC Interface Node The WESDAC Interface Node (WIN) is the central database for the D20/D200. WIN manages the transfer, storage and manipulation of data between DCAs, DPAs, and DTAs. WIN sends requests for data to, and receives new data from, DCAs, then stores the new data in the system database. WIN also receives requests for data from, and sends data to, DPAs, and routes data output operation requests from DPAs to DCAs. WESMAINT WESMAINT is a maintenance facility that resides on the D20 and D200. For a more detailed description, see section 3.3, WESMAINT System Library Resources The system library resources are collections of commonly used functions that assist programmers in the development of new code. There are several libraries available for the D20. D.20 Link Subsystem The D.20 Link subsystem is a DCA that polls data from the D20 I/O peripheral modules, and then routes that data to WIN. It also asks the peripherals to perform any output operation requests that it receives from WIN. These communication transactions properly package the data and send or receive it over the D.20 Link. The D.20 Link subsystem, which is known as the peripheral scan process, works with the D.20 Link driver to communicate with peripheral modules. The D.20 process formats the data according to the requirements of the D.20 protocol then calls the HDLC driver, which provides the actual hardware interface between the D20ME and the I/O peripherals.

2.2.4 Time Synchronization


The D20ME/ME II can be used as an accurate timeserver for synchronizing the clocks of substation equipment connected to the D20 Ethernet or serial ports.

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One of the D20ME/ME II serial ports is connected to the demodulated IRIG B port (IRIG, InterRange Instrumentation Group) of a GPS receiver (or other device), as illustrated in Figure 20. The D20ME/ME II obtains accurate time information from the GPS receiver then regularly distributes this information to the connected substation devices that require it. For example, the D20ME/ME II can operate as an SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) server, distributing time information to devices that are equipped with SNTP clients.

GPS Satellites

GPS Reciever

IRIG-B

D20ME Processor

Distribution of time information to substation devices and peripherals

Figure 20 D20/D200 Time Synchronization

To support time synchronization, the D20/D200 must be able to support the devices protocol, and the devices protocol must support time synchronization. A sample of the demodulated IRIG B protocol is shown in Figure 21.
0 10 20 30 40 50

Seconds 1 P0 2 4 8 10 20 40 P1 1 2 4

Minutes 8 10 20 40 P2 1 2 4

Hours 8 10 20 P3 1 2 4 8

Day 10 20 40 80 P4 100 200 P5

50

60

70

80

90

100

Control Functions 2 P6 .01 sec (Typical) P7 8 msec Reference Marker P8 5 msec Binary '0' (Typical)
0

Time of Day 2
1

27 28 P9

29 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 P10 2 msec Binary '1' (Typical)

Figure 21 Demodulated IRIG B Signal

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The IRIG B format supports the time of day (hours, minutes, seconds) and the day of the year. The day of the year is the elapsed day starting from January 1st, and is reported as a number from 1 to 365 (366 for leap years). Year information is not provided by the IRIG B signal. Accuracy to milliseconds is obtained by tagging the leading edge of the pulse train to the time defined by the pulse train.

2.3 Ethernet/Memory Expansion (EME) Kit


The D20EME is a VME-based module that combines Ethernet support and global memory expansion. If you install multiple D20ME or D20ME II main processors in the D20 or D200 VME chassis, you will need to install a D20EME Ethernet/Memory Expansion module to provide shared memory.

Figure 22 D20EME (Ethernet/Memory Expansion)

The D20EME allows VME-based D20 and D200 systems to be connected directly to any 10 Mbps Ethernet-based network. Available configurations of the D20EME module include: Ethernet only Memory only Ethernet and Memory

Memory configurations come equipped with 8 MB of battery-backed static RAM. This additional memory increases the amount of historical data, and the size of the database, that can be maintained by the D20/D200. Memory capacity can be upgraded to 16 MB, through the installation of an additional memory module. Ethernet configurations are equipped with two independent 10 Mbps Ethernet channels. A Media Interface Card provides the physical Ethernet interface. Several versions of the MIC are available, depending on the Ethernet format.
Table 5 D20/D200 Ethernet Media Types
10BASE-T 10BASE2 10BASE-FL

Provides two RJ-45 connectors for connecting to CAT5, or greater, UTP cabling Provides two BNC connectors for connecting to thin coax cabling Provides two ST-style connectors for directly connecting to a single or multi-mode glass or plastic fiber optic cable

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2.4 I/O Peripheral Modules


The D20/D200 design is based on a distributed-processing architecture. As a result, the real-time data acquisition and control software that interfaces with field points is installed on peripheral modules, rather than on the main processor unit. These I/O peripherals are intelligent modules that contain on-board microprocessors. They are configured as slaves to the D20/D200 main processor. In this way, specific I/O processing is distributed throughout the RTU to the appropriate I/O module. D20 I/O peripherals communicate with the D20/D200 through a high speed, high-level data link controller (D.20 Link) in the form of poll and response messages. The peripheral modules have a serial communications port and a variable number of field connections. The hardware construction of each module is similar (see Figure 18.) Each peripheral module has common code stored in EPROM and a unique application configuration stored in RAM. The base application code is stored on the D20/D200. At power up, the configuration and application code are downloaded to the peripheral module from the D20/D200 main processor.

2.4.1 Types of I/O Peripherals


There are five basic types of I/O peripheral modules: D20S digital input D20A analog input D20K control output D20C combination input/output D20AC direct AC analog input

I/O peripheral modules are available with a variety of I/O point count support and termination options. The following is a listing of the various D20 I/O peripherals that are currently available from GE Energy:
Table 6 D20/D200 I/O Peripherals
Peripheral I/O Support Termination

D20A D20AD D20AX D20AB D20AZ D20S D20SD D20SX D20SB D20SZ

32 analog inputs, standard version 32 analog inputs, standard version 32 analog inputs, standard version 32 analog inputs, standard version 32 analog inputs, high-voltage version 64 digital inputs, standard version 64 digital inputs, standard version 64 digital inputs, standard version 64 digital inputs, standard version 64 digital inputs, high-voltage version

Compression DB25 Disconnect Barrier Compression Compression DB25 Disconnect Barrier Compression

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Peripheral

I/O Support

Termination

D20K D20KR D20KX D20K4Z D20C D20CD D20CX D20CB D20C4Z

32 Control Outputs, arranged as 32 Trip/Close, 32 individual control, 16 Raise/Lower pairs, or combinations thereof, standard version. 32 Control Outputs, arranged as 32 Trip/Close, 32 individual control, 16 Raise/Lower pairs, or combinations thereof, standard version. 32 Control Outputs, arranged as 32 Trip/Close, 32 individual control, 16 Raise/Lower pairs, or combinations thereof, standard version. 32 Control Outputs, arranged as 32 Trip/Close, 32 individual control, 16 Raise/Lower pairs, or combinations thereof, high-voltage version. 16 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs, optional 16 analog inputs or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs, standard version. 16 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs, optional 16 analog inputs or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs, standard version. 16 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs, optional 16 analog inputs or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs, standard version. 16 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs, optional 16 analog inputs or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs, standard version. 16 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs, optional 16 analog inputs or 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs, high-voltage version.

Compression DB25 Disconnect Compression Compression DB25 Disconnect Barrier Compression

2.4.2 Termination Types


Standard D20 I/O peripherals can be ordered with the following field termination options: Compression: Field wiring is terminated directly onto board-mounted screw terminal compression blocks (#12 AWG [2.05mm] max, blade screwdriver - 0.6 x 3.5 x 100 mm) on the D20 I/O Peripheral, as illustrated below:

Figure 23 D20 I/O Peripheral - Compression Termination

DB25: Field wiring is terminated onto the D20 I/O peripheral through DB25 connectors, as illustrated below:

Figure 24 D20 I/O Peripheral DB25 Termination

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Disconnect: Field wiring is terminated onto plug-on terminator blocks (#12 AWG [2.05mm] max, blade screwdriver - 0.6 x 3.5 x 100 mm), which then mate with board-mounted headers on the D20 I/O Peripheral. This is illustrated in Figure 25, with the board-mounted header shown on the right, and the cable plug shown on the left.

Figure 25 D20 I/O Peripheral Disconnect Termination

Barrier: Field wiring is terminated onto barrier terminals (#10 AWG [2.59mm] max, #6-32 screws) on the D20 I/O peripheral, as illustrated below:

Figure 26 D20 I/O Peripheral Barrier Termination

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2.4.3 Hardware
D20 I/O peripherals consist of four distinct circuit blocks, as shown in Figure 27.

MCU CONTROL

D20 A 32 Analog Inputs D20 S 64 Digital Inputs

Data Address and Control Buses

I/O D20 K 32 Control Outputs D20C 16 Digital Inputs 8 Control Outputs Optional: 16 Analog Inputs or 8 Analog Inputs and 8 Analog Outputs

20 - 60 VDC +12 V -12 V +5 V

POWER SUPPLY

Channel 1 SERIAL I/O Channel 2 (backup) Maintenance Port D.20 HDLC Ports

Figure 27 D20 Peripheral I/O Block Diagram

The fourth block, Input/Output, is specific to the function of the module. The circuit blocks are: MCU/Control: Performs data processing and storage, device addressing and system control. Consists of an 8-bit microcontroller (MCU), address decoding, control signal generation, clock generation, power monitor/reset, module ID and memory. Serial I/O: Consists of the D.20 communication and maintenance ports. Power Supply: Accepts an input voltage of 20 to 60 V DC, provided from either the host D20 power supply or an external power source, and supplies a regulated output of +5 V and +/-12 VDC. Input/Output: Controls and reads all digital or analog inputs, and controls and monitors all digital outputs, as directed by the MCU.

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2.4.3.1 Status Indicators


All D20 I/O Modules are equipped with the following LEDs:
LED Description

ON (GREEN) RUN (GREEN) TX1 (GREEN) RX1 (GREEN) TX2 (GREEN) RX2 (GREEN) FAULT (RED)

On solid when power is applied. With the FAULT LED, provides information about the units operating status. Flashes when D.20 1 data is transmitted by the I/O module. Flashes when D.20 1 data data is received by the I/O module. Flashes when D.20 2 data is transmitted by the I/O module. Flashes when D.20 2 data data is received by the I/O module. With the RUN LED, provides information about the units operating status.

In addition to the above, each D20 I/O Module is equipped with module-specific status indicators.

2.4.4 Firmware
There are two main types of peripheral I/O software: common code and base-application code. Similar to the D20 main processor software, peripheral software is installed as firmware on the modules. Common code is resident in the peripheral modules, and device-specific base applications are stored in the D20 main processor then downloaded to the peripheral modules at boot-up.

2.4.4.1 Common Code


Common-code firmware in the peripheral modules is much like the BootROM firmware in the D20 main processor. The common code manages functions common to all peripheral units, specifically the input and output through communications and diagnostic ports. It also performs diagnostic checks of peripheral hardware. Common code, which is stored in a 32K EPROM (labeled pcommon), remains active after a restart, whether or not the base-application code has been downloaded to the peripheral unit. This allows the peripheral unit to communicate and respond to D20/D200 requests, even without its device-specific base-application code loaded. However, peripheral module responses have an abbreviated format unless the application code is loaded. The common code includes the following processes: Real-time executive Watchdog and reset code Diagnostics Device drivers Communications

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Common code interface Maintenance facility and monitor Library resources.

Real-Time Executive The operating system of the peripheral units is a real-time executive, which controls process scheduling, and resource and interrupt management. The real-time executive controls three basic processes: watchdog, diagnostics and maintenance facility. It also controls some application processes downloaded from the D20/D200. The real-time executive supports pausing, time-outs and suspension of the maintenance process while maintenance port operations are in progress. A limited number of monitor (debugging) functions are available as development tools for creating new code for peripherals. Watchdog and Reset Code The 68HC11 microcomputer chip on the peripherals includes a built-in watchdog to help protect against software failures. The reset code also performs the initialization in the peripherals. Diagnostics The diagnostic processes, governed by the real-time executive, include a sub-routine that performs checks specific to the peripheral type. Device Drivers Peripheral modules have two device drivers: Serial Port, a serial communications interface which allows the connection of a VT100 terminal or PC for running maintenance facilities. HDLC drives the HDLC protocol controller for the D.20 Link between the D20 main processor and I/O peripherals.

Peripheral Communications The resident peripheral communication process functions continuously, requesting and receiving data from the I/O peripherals, then forwarding these over the HDLC link to the D20 main processor. Module-specific applications and configurations are downloaded to the D20 I/O peripherals as required. Communication failures between the D20 main processor and D20 I/O peripherals are logged and reported to the master if required. Common Code Interface The Common Code Interface provides quick and easy access to various programs making up the peripheral common code. This interface reduces the size of the application code that is downloaded from the D20/D200 by using a jump-table at a fixed address in the peripheral module. The jump-table accesses the peripheral module library resources, executive entry points, display functions and keyboard input/output for the maintenance port. Promaint Similar to WESMAINT on the D20 main processor, Promaint is the maintenance facility for the peripheral modules. Promaint combines maintenance and monitor functions. The maintenance
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portion is used to view data, or to verify that the module is functioning correctly by, for example, forcing a control point and then checking to see whether the control operation took effect. The monitor facility is designed to interpret commands from the maintenance port, such as storing data to memory. It can also execute various application-dependent commands once an application program has been downloaded from the D20/D200. Library Resources The peripheral module library resources contain several general-purpose conversion routines.

2.4.4.2 Base-Application Code


There is base-application code for each type of peripheral module. Each base application contains code for the following functions: Communication interface routines Diagnostics Application-specific maintenance Specific field input/output.

These functions are initiated by a separate clock source or hardware-driven IRQ rather than by the real-time executive. The base-application code is stored in the EPROM (labeled pcommon) on the D20 main processor and downloaded to the peripheral modules, where it is stored in RAM, along with a checksum for verification purposes. A base-application database (unique to each peripheral type) is downloaded to the peripherals at the same time. Peripheral base applications communicate with the D20 main processor through the common code communications process, then over the D.20 Link.

2.4.5 I/O Processing


D20 I/O peripherals provide specialized processing and storing/buffering functions for digital inputs, analog inputs, control outputs, analog outputs, pulse accumulator inputs and combinations of these, by gathering data from field sources or acting as an output unit to interface with field devices. I/O processing provides flexible, reliable, robust operation and is configurable on a per-point or per-system basis. See Table 7. A detailed description of I/O processing is discussed in the following sections in more detail for each module type.
Table 7 I/O Processing
Type Description

Digital Output

Configurable control type, security and rules Support simultaneous control of digital outputs Request queuing Request repetition

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Digital Input

Software debouncing Chatter filtering Report limiting Line noise filtering Deadbanding

Analog Input

2.4.6 D20S Digital Input Peripheral

Figure 28 D20S Digital Input Peripheral

The D20S Digital Input Peripheral, illustrated above, obtains and processes digital input states from field devices. Changes of state in the digital inputs are reported to the D20 main processor for further processing, over the high-speed D.20 Link. Note: D20C peripherals are also able to process digital inputs. Digital input processing on the D20C is the same as that on the D20 S. More information on the D20C is provided in section 2.4.10 , D20C Combination I/O Peripheral. The D20S logic module plugs directly into a D20S termination panel equipped with screw compression type terminals for field terminations. The D20S termination panel is jumper configurable, so that contact wetting can be supplied from either the D20S power source or from an external source. Wetting voltage is fused and monitored. The D20S can accept up to 64 digital inputs, each of which can be configured from a downloaded database to be processed as one of the following: Status and alarm inputs Status inputs with change of state detection (COS) Sequence of events (SOE) using time-tagged COS

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Binary-Coded Decimal or parallel inputs Pulse accumulator or counter inputs Pulse duration inputs.

The 64 digital inputs are organized in eight groups of eight electrically isolated inputs, each group with a common return. Each input is photo coupled and can accept inputs of 24, 48 or 130 V DC of any polarity. The microprocessor scans each input at one millisecond intervals and provides selectable debounce of 4 to 255 ms. Changes are time-tagged to a resolution of one millisecond and placed in a first in - first out (FIFO) buffer for transmission to the D20 main processor. Refer to Figure 29. Time-tagged changes are reported in chronological order. Non-time-tagged changes are placed in a separate FIFO buffer and reported upon request. An anti-chatter filter function prevents one or more chattering points from filling the FIFO buffer. Each COS and SOE FIFO buffer is 256 events long.

D20S Logic Section


Buffer, Opto Steering Interface

D20S Termination Board


Input Voltage Option SWC and Impulse Protection

Input
1-8

9 - 16

17 - 24

Parallel Peripheral Interface

25 - 32

33 - 40

PPI
41 - 48

49 - 56

57 - 64

Figure 29 D20S Digital Input Peripheral Block Diagram

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2.4.6.1 D20S Digital Input Processing


The following digital input processing is carried out by the D20S: Software Debouncing: Used to verify that a digital input point has actually changed state. Two levels of software debouncing are provided: First-level debouncing, which can be provided on a per-point basis, is used to filter glitches and contact bounce. The first-level debounce period can be configured, on a perpoint basis, to any value between 0 and 255 ms, in 1 ms increments. Second-level debouncing is used to qualify data that has been first-level debounced. The input state must remain stable through the second-level debounce period, configurable on an individual point basis, before a valid change will be reported. Chatter Filtering: A digital input is disabled if the number of state changes encountered during a defined time interval is excessively high. While the chatter filter is ON, all state transitions are ignored. While it is OFF, state transitions are gated through. Reports are issued whenever the chatter filter state changes from ON to OFF, or from OFF to ON. The filter period is programmable, on a per-system basis, from 6 to 65535 ms, in increments of 1 ms. The lock-out period, which defines the minimum number of filter periods during which the chatter filter is ON, is programmable on a per-point basis, from 0 to 65535, in increments of 1 ms. The maximum expected number of state transitions is programmable, on a per-point basis, from 0 to 255, in increments of 1 ms. Report Limiting: You can specify the minimum number of state transitions that must occur before a report is sent. The minimum number of state transitions can be programmed, on a per-point basis, to any value between 0 and 255 ms, in increments of 1 ms. If it is set to 0, a report will be issued every time a state transition occurs.

2.4.6.2 D20S Base Application


The base application on the D20S controls four main functions: Field Input Scanning collects data about the status of various field points, records debounce changes, controls filtering, time-tags various changes, and queues them in a change-of-state queue for processing. The input scan period is 1 millisecond, and the state of all 64 points is recorded during each scan. Field Input Processing processes the changes of state (recorded during the scan process) that are queued. The results of processing are either buffered COS, SOE or transition counts for accumulator inputs. Communication Interface, with the D20 main processor, consists of a set of interfacefunction address tables that are downloaded with the base-application code. The addressed functions are application controls and data transfer functions. Maintenance Interface consists of a set of interface-function address tables containing addresses for maintenance and diagnostic process functions.

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2.4.6.3 D20S Specifications


Table 8 D20S Specifications
Item Description

Processor Clock Memory

8-bit Freescale 68HC11 MPU 2 MHz MPU clock


32 KB EPROM 24 KB static RAM 512 bytes EEPROM

Inputs Point Types

64 bipolar inputs in 8 groups of 8


Status/alarm with COS detection SOE Form A or Form C pulse accumulator (16-bit binary counter) Binary coded decimal Pulse duration

Current Burden Scan Rate Debounce SOE Time Resolution Contact Wetting Overload Rating Component Isolation Rating Dielectric Rating D.20 Link Ports Maintenance Port Power Requirements Size LED Indicators

3 to 6 mA per input 1.0 ms Selectable 0 to 255 ms 1.0 ms 12, 24, 48, 125 V 500 VDC (common mode to ground) 1500 Vrms 1000 VDC 2 9600 baud, RS-232 20-60 VDC, 3 W typical 19" x 5.25" x 2.5"

Common LEDs, described in Section 2.2.1 , Hardware. For each input point, a RED LED to indicate the ON/OFF state of the point.

2.4.6.4 D20S Options


The following D20S termination board options are currently available:
Table 9 D20S Options
GE Part Number Description

507-0101 507-0103 517-0165

WESDAC D20S (20-60 VDC) standard. WESDAC D20SHV2 (40-150 VDC) high-voltage. D20S 64 channel digital input termination board with compression blocks.

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GE Part Number

Description

517-0179 517-0219 517-0327 517-0330 517-0331 517-0262 517-0241 517-0249 517-0266

D20SD 64 channel digital input termination board with DB25 connectors. D20SX 64 channel digital input termination board with separable compression blocks. D20SB 64 channel input termination board with barrier strips. D20SDI 24V, 64 channel digital input termination board with DB25 connectors D20SDI 48V, 64 channel digital input termination board with DB25 connectors D20SDI 125V, 64 channel digital input termination board with DB25 connectors D20SZ 48V, 64 channel digital input, high voltage termination board with compression blocks. D20SZ 110V, 64 channel digital input, high voltage termination board with compression blocks. D20SZ 220V, 64 channel digital input, high voltage termination board with compression blocks.

2.4.7 D20A Analog Input Peripheral

Figure 30 D20A Analog Input Peripheral

The D20A Analog Input Peripheral, illustrated above, is a 32-point analog input interface module. The D20A, which is capable of processing standard voltage and current inputs continuously, has the following features: Programmable Input Ranges: A programmable gain instrument amplifier permits programming of voltage input ranges. Ranges are stored in RAM on a per-point basis. (+/- 1, +/-5, +/- 10 V scale). Variable Scan Rate: Programmable scan rate from 17.2 to 20.5 ms (50/60 Hz) on a per module basis. 32 Differential Analog Inputs and eight internal references using synchronous integratingtype analog-to-digital (A/D) converters A/D Conversion provides excellent normal-mode rejection characteristics while maintaining very good response times (approximately 550 ms total).

The D20A logic module plugs directly into a D20A termination panel, which provides three screw compression type terminals for each input (+, -, shield) and sockets for analog scaling

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networks. Provision is made for configuring analog loop supplies from the D20A power source, or externally. Loop voltage is fused. The analog input section consists of a filter and solid-state multiplexer, a variable-gain amplifier, an integrating voltage-to-frequency converter, a programmable timer, a CPU time register and miscellaneous support circuitry. Figure 31 is a block diagram of the analog input peripheral.
D20A Logic Section D20A Termination Board
Opto Input Select Filter and Analog Mux Precision Scaling Resistors SWC and Impulse Protection

Input
1-8

9 - 16

PPI
17 - 24

PGA Ranges 0.5 1 5

Opto Gain Select Voltage References 0, +/-1, +/-5, +/-10

25 - 32

PGA PTM
Voltage to Frequency Converter

Temperature Transducer Reference

Analog Input Ranges 10 V 50 mA 5 V 20 mA 1 V 10 mA 5 mA 1 mA

MCU

SYNC

OPTO

PPR

OPTO +12V

Legend MCU.......... Microcontroller Unit OPTO........ Optical Isolator PTM...........Programmable Timer Module PPI............ Parallel Peripheral Interface PPR...........Pulse Position Resolver

50/60 Hz Clock

Switch Mode Power Supply

Figure 31 D20A Analog Input Peripheral Block Diagram

2.4.7.1 Analog Conversion Process


Figure 32 provides an overview of the analog conversion process.

INPUT ADAPTER

AMPLIFIER DIVIDER

VOLTAGE TO FREQUENCY

AUTO-ZERO

Figure 32 Analog Conversion Process

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Analog Inputs The D20A analog input module is capable of handling 32 differential analog inputs. The conversion process is performed using a +/- 5 V full scale voltage only, with a software controlled programmable gain amplifier providing full-scale input voltage ranges of +/- 1.0 V, +/- 5.0 V and +/- 10 V on any input. Any required current input is accommodated using precision shunt-resistor analog-scaling networks on each input. Adaptors at the input of each analog point convert current and unusual voltage inputs to the required 1, 5 or 10 V full-scale input. Refer to the Index for a list of available analog input adapters. Conversion After the input has been appropriately scaled, it is fed into a voltage-to-frequency converter. To reject line noise (NMR), the output frequency is counted over a 50 or 60 Hz period (user configurable). This value is compared to the microprocessor count over the same period to obtain a raw analog count. It is this raw analog value that is converted to a 14-bit (plus sign) number (the digitized raw analog value) representing the input voltage. The microprocessor can convert all of the 32 inputs within a scan period of 550 ms (60 Hz) to 656 ms (50 Hz.) Voltage References The D20A uses a high-precision voltage reference chip to provide seven on-board references for auto-calibration. After a specified number of scans (user configurable), the microprocessor converts each of the references. The new calculated reference values are then stored over the previously converted values in the reference data table. If the new values are within a certain range (user configurable) of the old values, they are kept. If they are out of this range, an error is reported. Auto Zero Eight internal references, which include a temperature reference, provide auto zero and auto calibration functions. This results in an accuracy and temperature stability of the module equal to the internal precision voltage reference. The calculation used to obtain the digitized raw analog value (during the conversion process) would normally be based on a linear curve like Line A shown in Figure 33. Due to temperature, gain and offset inaccuracies, the curve may be slightly non-linear (Line B, exaggerated for demonstration purposes). The D20 minimizes this error by a technique called three-point linearity correction. By separately calculating the linearity difference (slope m) of the 0 to +5 V and 0 to -5 V ranges, the software can use a different equation for either positive or negative values.

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Line C: Y = m2X + b2 Y +16383 Digitized Raw Analog Line A: Y = m1X + b1

0000 Line B -16383

25 Frequency (kHz)

45

Figure 33 Three-point Linearity Correction

2.4.7.2 D20A Analog Input Processing


The following analog input processing is carried out by the D20A: Line Noise Filtering: Filters 50 or 60 Hz line noise, configurable on a per-system basis. Deadbanding: Technique used to virtually reduce the resolution of analog input points. Deadbanding maps the set of all possible measured values to a smaller set of reported values. The number of bits removed from the analog input values is configurable, on a per-point basis, from 0 to 13.

2.4.7.3 D20A Base Application


The base application of the D20A controls four main functions: Analog Multiplexing and Inputting: Field inputs and reference points are multiplexed. Inputs are scaled by a programmable gain amplifier then fed into a voltage-to-frequency converter that is part of the analog-to-digital conversion circuitry. From the output of this converter, a digitized analog input is derived. Analog Processing of the raw analog input data, using two different methods, depending on whether the data comes from a field point or a reference point. There are full-scale voltage range reference points for every group of 32 analog inputs. If the data comes from a reference point, it is compared to a reference value stored in EEPROM of the microprocessor. If it is too far out of range, it is stored in a reference table and marked as an error. If the data is within range, it is stored as the new reference table. If the data comes from a field point, it is compared against its corresponding fullscale reference value. If it is over range, it is noted as such and is set to a value of 16383. If it is under range, it is noted as such and is set to a value of -16383.
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Communication Interface with D20ME consists of data control and formatting functions that are called by common code using application interface tables. The formatting functions place the requested data into an addressed buffer. Maintenance Interface implements several maintenance and diagnostic commands.

2.4.7.4 D20A Specifications


Table 10 D20A Specifications
Item Description

Processor Clock Memory

8-bit Freescale 68HC11 MPU 2 MHz MPU clock


32 KB EPROM 24 KB static RAM 512 bytes EEPROM 5, 10 V 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 mA

Inputs

32 differential inputs (typical):


Input Impedance Overall Accuracy Temperature Coefficient Resolution Conversion Rate (all 32 inputs)

44 Mohm 5% (VDC) 0.05% (voltage), 0.1% (current) 10 ppm per C 14-bit plus sign

550 ms @ 60 Hz 656 ms @ 50 Hz

Over voltage Rating Overload Rating Common Mode Rejection (60 Hz)

35 VDC 200 V pp 5 V input common mode (50/60 Hz)


95 dB 5 V 90 dB 10 V

Normal Mode Rejection (60 Hz) Component Isolation Rating Dielectric Rating D.20 Link Ports Maintenance Port Power Requirements Size LED Indicators

60 dB 1500 Vrms 1000 VDC 2 9600 baud, RS-232 20-60 VDC, 7 W typical 19" x 5.25" x 2.5"

Common LEDs, described in Section 2.2.1 , Hardware. RED binary point LEDs, indicating the analog point that is currently being read.

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2.4.7.5 D20A Options


The following D20A termination board options are currently available:
Table 11 D20A Options
GE Part Number Description

511-0101 511-0103 517-0163 517-0178 517-0216 517-0328 517-0240 517-0364

WESDAC D20A (20-60 VDC) standard. WESDAC D20AHV2 (40-150 VDC) high-voltage. D20A 32 channel termination board with compression blocks. D20AD 32 channel termination board with DB25 connectors. D20AX 32 channel termination board with separable compression blocks. D20AB 32 channel termination board with barrier strips. D20AZ 32 channel, high voltage termination board with compression blocks. D20AZ 32 channel, high voltage termination board with separable compression blocks.

2.4.8 D20K Control Output Peripheral

Figure 34 D20K Control Output Peripheral

The D20K is a 32-point control output interface module. The 32 output drivers can be arranged in several hardware/software configurations, depending on the system requirements. The D20K ensures secure operation of the control output interface. All control actions requested by the D20/D200 are initiated, timed, reset and validated by the D20K. The D20K logic module plugs directly into a D20K termination panel, which is equipped with field terminations. The D20K termination panel consists of 32 momentary control relays plus two Master Trip and Close relays. The Master Trip and Close relay contacts are wired in series with the point-select relay contacts controlling the output power for each point. The D20K also provides a Local/Remote switch and control output fusing. The Local/Remote switch is a manually operated switch used to disable D20K relay coil power during maintenance. An off-line indication is passed to the D20 main processor, which is available as a pseudo status to the host.

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2.4.8.1 Control Output Configurations


The D20K can have one of the following control output configurations: 32 Trip/Close pairs 24 Trip/Close and 4 Raise/Lower pairs 16 Trip/Close and 8 Raise/Lower pairs 8 Trip/Close and 12 Raise/Lower pairs 16 Raise/Lower pairs 32 Isolated Form-C contact control outputs 32 Isolated open-drain outputs.

Hardware and software can also be configured to provide a wide range of control output schemes, including parallel, pulse duration, pulse trains, and latched-output applications. Control output duration is software-adjustable from 1 to 215 ms in one-millisecond increments, on a per-point basis (protocol dependent). The D20K software also supports discrete timed/latch relay functionality.

2.4.8.2 Interposing Relays


For applications requiring heavy-duty control ratings, the D20K can be configured with interposing relays. A standard D20KI interposing relay panel, equipped with P&B KUEP and KUP interposing relays (10 A at 150 V DC and 10 A at 240V AC respectively), is used in conjunction with a D20KR termination panel. P&B KUL latch relays can also be used. See also section 2.4.9 , Interposing Relay Panel. Each D20KI, equipped with 16 relays, can be configured to supply 16 momentary, 8 trip/close or 8 raise/lower control outputs.

2.4.8.3 D20K Control Output Processing


The following control output processing is carried out by the D20K: Control Options: Individual digital outputs can be controlled immediately, or by using an arm execute (select before execute or select before operate) handshake. The arm time-out is programmable, on a per-system basis, to any value between 100 and 255 ms, in 1 ms increments. Hardware Control Security: Several levels of hardware control security are supported: Single relay control Master trip or master close relay, used in conjunction with the select relay (higher hardware security) Interposer relay protection, used in conjunction with the master and select relays (highest hardware security)

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Control Rules: If two requests are destined for the same digital output point, they will not be applied concurrently; instead, they will be applied sequentially. (Control requests can be conducted concurrently, but only if one of the requests requires a master relay.). If two requests requiring master relays are destined for different digital output points, they can be conducted concurrently, as long as each request is associated with a different set of master relays.

Simultaneous Digital Output Points: D20/D200 peripherals support the simultaneous control of digital output points, where these output points must be operated at precisely the same time. Request Queuing: Control operations can be queued, where this is required by the application. Request Repetition: Control pulse trains can be generated, where this is required by the application.

2.4.8.4 D20K Base Application


The base application of the D20K controls five main functions: Control Block Processor makes the control blocks active, sets a timer if, required, and sets bits in the relay driver to activate the relay on the next pass of the relay driver. Relay Driver is an interrupt-driven routine that runs every 500 s to check the status of the relay coils. The Local/Remote switch physically cuts driver power to control relays, preventing operations in the local position. Once the switch is placed back in remote mode, normal operations resume. The relay driver also writes to the two relay-state tables, and reads back and verifies what has been written to the tables. Timer System is a linked-list timer that looks after the timing functions required by this application (e.g. timing of arm messages). Communication Interface is a set of address tables and functions that implement communication requests. Arm and Execute messages are used for all trip/close operations. Maintenance Interface consists of functions that provide background and on-line application diagnostics, application initialization, and maintenance displays through the maintenance port. Failure Detection detects loss of relay drive power, interposing power loss, and failure of an output driver.

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2.4.8.5 D20K Specifications


Table 12 D20K Specifications
Item Description

Processor Clock Memory

8-bit Freescale 68HC11 MPU 2 MHz MPU clock


32 KB EPROM 24 KB static RAM 512 bytes EEPROM 32 open collector drivers for relays Four additional open collector drivers for dedicated Master Trip/Close and Test Breaker relays Momentary (fixed) Latching Trip/Close (T/C) Raise/Lower (R/L) Pulse duration Pulse train 32 T/C pairs 24 T/C + 4 R/L pairs 16 T/C + 8 R/L pairs 8 T/C + 12 R/L pairs 16 R/L pairs 32 isolated Form-C contact outputs Optional 32 isolated open-drain outputs, rated 150 mA @ 60VDC Momentary relays: 60 W max, 3 A max, 220 VDC max. (1 Form C or A) Interposing relays: 10 A @ 150 VDC (1 Form X), 5 A @ 150 VDC (2 Form A), 3 A @ 150 VDC (2 Form C) Interposing relays: 10 A @ 28 VDC (2 Form C or A) PRD Series Relays:

Control Outputs

Output Types

Non-matrixed output configurations

Contact ratings & types (typical)

D20K:

D20KI:

PRD3, 20 A @ 125VDC, 1 Form X PRD11, 20 A @ 125VDC, 2 Form C, 24VDC coil PRD11, 20 A @ 125VDC, 2 Form C, 48VDC coil

Latching interposing relays: 10 A @ 28 VDC or 240 VAC (2 Form C) Interposing relays (heavy duty): 20 A @ 125 VDC, 30 A @ 240 VAC (1 Form A)

Coil Status Check Contact Duration Switches

Every 500 s Programmable 1 to 215 ms in 1 ms intervals (protocol dependent) Local Enable/Disable Switch

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Item

Description

Component Isolation Rating Dielectric Rating D.20 Link Ports Maintenance Port Power Requirements Size

1500 Vrms 1000 VDC 2 9600 baud, RS-232 20-60 VDC, 4 W typical at 24 V, 11 W max. at 24 V with all relays energized

D20K logic board and D20K relay termination board assembly: 19" x 5.25" x 2.5" D20KI1 interposing relay board (compression terminals): 19" x 5.25" D20KI2 interposing relay board (barrier terminals): 19" x 7" D20KR termination board for D20KI1/D20KI2: 19" x 5.25" D20KI-OPC (517-0215): Interposing relay panel for D20SD and D20CD, equipped with sliding link terminal blocks. Common LEDs, described in Section 2.2.1 , Hardware. Local (GREEN) LED, which turns on when the I/O module is set to Local module using the Local/Remote switch, or if the modules control software has been disabled. Remote (RED), which turns on when the module is in Remote mode. Control points (RED), which turn on when the particular control point is enabled.

LED Indicators

2.4.8.6 D20K Options


The following D20K options are currently available:
Table 13 D20K Options
GE Part Number Description

508-0101 508-0103 517-0164 517-0143 517-0218 517-0236 517-0242

WESDAC D20K (20-60 VDC) standard. WESDAC D20KHV (40-150 VDC) high-voltage. D20K 32 channel digital output termination board with compression blocks. D20KR 32 channel digital output termination board with DB25 connectors. D20KX 32 channel digital output termination board with separable compression blocks. D20K 32 channel digital output termination board with compression blocks and solid-state relays. D20K4Z 32 channel digital output high voltage termination board with compression blocks.

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2.4.9 Interposing Relay Panel


For applications requiring heavy-duty control ratings, the D20K can be connected to field equipment through interposing relays. The standard D20KI interposing relay panel is equipped with P&B KUEP and KUP interposing relays (10 A at 150 VDC and 10 A at 240 VAC respectively). It is used in conjunction with a D20KR termination panel, as shown in Figure 35.

D20K I/O Peripheral

...
Interposing Relays

...
Termination Panel

...
To Field Equipment

Figure 35 Interposing Relays

2.4.9.1 D20KI Termination Board Options


The following D20KI termination board options are currently available:
Table 14 D20KI Options
GE Part Number Description

517-0146 517-0430 517-0147

D20 KI compression termination D20KI1X, separateable compression termination D20KI2, barrier strip termination

Each D20KI, equipped with 16 relays, can be configured to supply 16 momentary, 8 trip/close or 8 raise/lower control outputs.

2.4.10 D20C Combination I/O Peripheral


The D20C is a combination I/O module used for small-point-count applications. The D20C is configured with:
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16 digital inputs and 8 momentary or dual function trip/close control outputs Optional 16 analog inputs Optional 8 analog inputs and 8 analog outputs.

D20 C1 and D20 C2 daughter boards are available as add-on options for the D20C to give additional analog inputs and outputs, as follows:
Table 15 D20C Daughter Boards
D20C Peripheral Digital Inputs Control Outputs Analog Inputs Analog Outputs

D20C D20C with D20 C1 Daughter Board D20C with D20 C2 Daughter Board

16 16 16

8 8 8

16 8

2.4.10.1 D20C I/O Processing


Depending on its configuration, the D20C carries out the input and output processing described in the preceding sections for the D20S, D20A and D20K. The D20C performs I/O processes similar to those performed by the other D20 I/O modules, but at a faster clock speed, required to meet the increased processing power demand. The same technology is used on the D20C as on the other D20 peripheral I/O modules: Digital inputs are the same design as the D20 S. Chatter filtering can be applied. Optional analog inputs/outputs are provided through plug-in daughter boards. One shield termination is provided for every two inputs. The programmable gain feature provided on the D20A is not supported on the D20 C. The voltage-to-frequency converter is fixed at 5 V full scale. Control output security is the same as that supported by the D20K. Interposing relays can be supplied using a D20KI. A Local/Remote switch is provided to turn off relay coil power and put the module off-line (including analog, status and control). An off-line indication is sent to the D20 main processor, which is available to the host as a pseudo-status.

2.4.10.2 D20C Specifications


For a more complete description on the status, analog and control features of the D20 C, refer to the sections on the D20S, D20A and D20K modules.

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Table 16 D20C Specifications


Item Description

Processor Clock Memory

8-bit Freescale 68HC11 MPU 3 MHz MPU clock


24 KB EPROM 32 KB static RAM 512 bytes EEPROM

Analog Inputs Physical Input Adapters Accuracy Temperature Coefficient Resolution Conversion Rate Plug-in daughter board for 16 bipolar, differential inputs Refer to the Index for a list of available input adapters. 0.05% (voltage), 0.1% (current) 10 ppm per C 14 bits plus sign

275 ms for 16 inputs @ 60 Hz 328 ms for 16 inputs @ 50 Hz

Dynamic Range of Converter Input Impedance Common Mode Rejection (60 Hz) Normal Mode Rejection (60 Hz) Over voltage Rating Analog Inputs/Outputs Physical

125% of normalized full scale inputs 44 Mohm 5% (VDC) 95 dB 60 dB 35 VDC (normal mode)

Plug-in daughter board for 8 unipolar or bipolar (voltage only) outputs or 8 unipolar current outputs, and 8 bipolar inputs @ 5 V (see Analog Inputs above)

Output Ranges

0 - 5, 0 - 10, 5, 10 V 0 - 1, 0 - 5, 0 - 10, 0 - 20 mA

Accuracy Resolution Maximum Output Status Inputs Physical Contact Wetting Current Burden Scan Rate Debounce SOE Time Resolution Overload Rating

0.1% (voltage), 0.15% (current) 12 bits plus sign 5 kohms @ 5 V out

16 optically isolated inputs in two groups of 8. Inputs in one group will share a common return and contact wetting. 12, 24, 48 or 125 VDC 3 to 6 mA per input 1.0 ms Selectable 1 to 255 ms 1.0 ms 500 VDC (common mode to GND)

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Control Outputs Physical Output Configurations 8 relays plus two Master Trip/Close relays

8 T/C pairs 6 T/C + 1 R/L pairs 4 T/C + 2 R/L pairs 2 T/C + 3 R/L pairs 4 R/L pairs 8 isolated Form C contact outputs

Contact Duration Contact Rating Coil Status Check Switches Component Isolation Rating Dielectric Rating D.20 Link Ports Maintenance Port Power Requirements Size

Programmable 1 to 215 ms in 1 ms intervals or 1 to 215 s in 1 s intervals (protocol dependent) 60 W max, 3 A max, 220 VDC max (1 Form-C or -A contact) Every 500 s Local enable/disable switch 1500 Vrms 1000 VDC 2 9600 baud, RS-232 20-60 VDC, 5 W typical; 11 W full load with 24 V contact wetting

D20C assembly: 19" x 5.25" x 2.5" D20C analog input & analog input/output daughter boards: 8.5" x 3"

2.4.10.3 D20C Options


The following D20C options are currently available:
Table 17 D20C Options
GE Part Number Description

504-0002 504-0003 517-0169 517-0180 517-0326 517-0217 517-0332 517-0333 517-0263

WESDAC D20C+ (20-60 VDC) standard. WESDAC D20CHV (40-150 VDC) high-voltage. D20C termination board with compression blocks for status, controls and analogs. Includes DB25 connector for D20KI/KI2 interposer panels. D20CD with DB25 connectors for status, controls and analogs. D20CB termination board with barrier strips for status, controls and analogs. Includes DB25 connector for D20KI/KI2 interposer panels. D20CX termination board with separable compression blocks for status, controls and analogs. Includes DB25 connector for D20KI/KI2 interposer panels. D20CDI 24V (isolated commons) and DB25 terminations for status, controls and analogs. D20CDI 48V (isolated commons) and DB25 terminations for status, controls and analogs. D20CDI 130V (isolated commons) and DB25 terminations for status, controls and analogs.

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GE Part Number

Description

517-0239 517-0253 517-0267

D20C4Z termination board with compression blocks for 48VDC status inputs, controls and analogs. D20C4Z termination board with compression blocks for 110VDC status inputs, controls and analogs. D20C4Z termination board with compression blocks for 220VDC status inputs, controls and analogs.

2.4.11 D20AC, AC Analog Input Peripheral


The D20AC, AC analog input peripheral provides AC analog computing and monitoring. It has the following features and specifications:
Table 18 D20AC Features and Specifications
Item Description

Features

Up to 132 analog values and 18 accumulator values. Accommodates direct AC analog inputs from current and voltage transformers for up to three 3-phase circuits, eliminating the need for transducers and/or metering IEDs Integrates key substation functions such as metering, analog processing and power quality measurement 3-element and 1-element (Balance System) metering Meter calculations include kW, kVAR, power factor, frequency, kWh, kVARh, kVAh and symmetrical components. Power quality data: %THD (total harmonic distortion), 21st harmonic

DSP/Memory

24-bit program, 16-bit point data 16 MHz clock 1K x 16-bit internal data 2K x 24-bit internal program 14K x 24-bit external program 64K byte EPROM boot Dual-port memory 2K bytes CCU base system required

AC Voltage Inputs Accuracy Burden Measurement Range Continuous Over voltage Frequency Response Sample Rate AC Current Inputs

Up to 6 nominal RMS inputs: 63.5 VAC, 110 VAC (60 Hz), 69.3 VAC, 120 VAC (60 Hz) + 0.2% of nominal full scale < 0.1 VA 250% of nominal 250% of nominal 50/60 Hz filtered, 1300 Hz unfiltered 64 samples per cycle Up to 9 nominal RMS inputs: 1.0 A or 5.0 A (50/60 Hz)

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Item

Description

Accuracy

+ 0.2% of nominal (minimum input 2% of nominal) + 1.0% 5 x nominal full scale + 2.0% 10 x nominal full scale + 3.0% 16 x nominal full scale

Burden Thermal Overload

<0.01 ohm

4 x nominal continuous 30 x nominal 10s 100 x nominal 1 s

Frequency Response Sample Rate DC Analog Input Current Input Input Burden Overload Accuracy Resolution CMRR Dynamic Range References Conversion Time Temperature Coefficient Sample Rate D.20 Link Ports Maintenance Port Power Requirements

50/60 Hz filtered, 1300 Hz unfiltered 64 samples per cycle One DC differential analog input One of: + 1, + 5, + 10, + 20 mA > 10 M voltage input, 5 K to 250 K current input (1 to 20 mA) + 30 VDC (normal mode), 200 VDC (common mode) + 0.05% full scale voltage input, + 0.1% full scale current input 12 bit plus sign (minimum) 90 dB @ 50/60 Hz, NMRR: 60 dB @ 50/60 Hz 125% full scale + 90% full scale zero 16.7 ms (60 Hz), 20.0 ms (50 Hz) + 15 ppm oC voltage input, + 30 ppm oC current input 64 samples per cycle 2 9600 baud, RS-232

40 150 VDC, 5 W typical 20 60 VDC, 8 W

2.4.11.1 D20AC Options


The following D20AC WESDAC and WESTERM options are currently available:
Table 19 D20AC Options
D20AC Option Description

WESDAC D20AC (40-150V, 511-0104)

Standard version of the AC analog input peripheral logic panel, supporting up to six 50/60 Hz AC voltage inputs, and up to nine 50/60 Hz AC current inputs. The 511-0104 requires a power source between 40 and 150 VDC. Standard version of the AC analog input peripheral logic panel, supporting up to six 50/60 Hz AC voltage inputs, and up to nine 50/60 Hz AC current inputs. The 511-0106 requires a power source between 20 and 60 VDC.

WESDAC D20AC (20-60V, 511-0106)

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D20AC Option

Description

WESTERM D20ACL 3VT/3CT (517-0380)

Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting three AC voltage inputs and three AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting three AC voltage inputs and six AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting three AC voltage inputs and nine AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting six AC voltage inputs and three AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting six AC voltage inputs and six AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Termination panel for the D20AC, supporting three AC voltage inputs and three AC current inputs, which connect through a barrier terminal strip. Similar to the 517-0380; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link. Similar to the 517-0381; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link. Similar to the 517-0382; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link. Similar to the 517-0383; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link. Similar to the 517-0384; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link. Similar to the 517-0385; however, the unit does not support power through the D.20 Link.

WESTERM D20ACL 3VT/6CT (517-0381)

WESTERM D20ACL 3VT/9CT (517-0382)

WESTERM D20ACL 6VT/3CT (517-0383)

WESTERM D20ACL 6VT/6CT (517-0384)

WESTERM D20ACL 6VT/9CT (517-0385)

WESTERM D20AC 3VT/3CT (517-0370) WESTERM D20AC 3VT/6CT (517-0371) WESTERM D20AC 3VT/9CT (517-0372) WESTERM D20AC 6VT/3CT (517-0373) WESTERM D20AC 6VT/6CT (517-0374) WESTERM D20AC 6VT/9CT (517-0375)

2.5 D20/D200 Power Supplies and Chargers


D20 power supplies are switch-mode converters that provide output power for the D20 main processor, VME cards, modems and D20 peripheral I/O modules, as required. The power supplies are designed to accept standard voltage inputs and meet the power requirements of the D20/D200. These power supply modules mount vertically in the D20/D200 chassis, as shown in Figure 36 and Figure 37.

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Power Supply

Figure 36 D20 Power Supply


Up to four Power Supplies Power Switch/ Fuse Panel

Figure 37 D200 Power Supplies

2.5.1 D20 Power Supply Specifications


The following table gives details of the standard chassis-mounted, auxiliary and redundant power supplies that are available. Other power supplies are available for specific requirements. Contact GE Energy for details.
Table 20 D20/D200 Power Supplies
Type Part Number Input Output Mounting

Chassismounted (D20)

580-2004

20 60 VDC

+5 V, 7 A +12 V, 2 A -12 V, 1 A 24 VDC, 3 A +5 V, 7 A +12 V, 2 A -12 V, 1 A 48 VDC, 1.5 A +5 V, 7 A +12 V, 2 A -12 V, 1 A 24 VDC, 3 A

Chassis

Chassismounted (D20)

580-2005

20 60 VDC

Chassis

Chassismounted (D20)

580-2006

100 300 VDC or 85 264 VAC

Chassis

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Type

Part Number

Input

Output

Mounting

Chassismounted (D20)

580-2007

100 300 VDC or +85 264 VAC 48VDC

+5 V, 7 A +12 V, 2 A -12 V, 1 A 48 VDC, 1.5 A +5 V, 12A

Chassis

Chassismounted (D200) Chassismounted (D200) Chassismounted (D200) Chassismounted (D200) Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Redundant Redundant Redundant Redundant Redundant

580-0301

Chassis

580-0300

48VDC

12V, 2A ea.

Chassis

580-0299

115/230VAC

+5 V, 12A

Chassis

580-0298

115/230VAC

12 VDC, 2A ea.

Chassis

521 - 0103 521 - 0104 521 - 0105 521 - 0106 521 - 0107 580 - 0719 580 - 0741 580 - 0789 510 - 0241 510 - 0242

20 60 VDC 100 300 VDC 90 250 VAC 100 350 VDC 90 250 VAC 115 VAC 125 VDC 230 VAC 48 VDC 115 VAC 48 VDC 115 VAC + 15% 30 60 VDC 115 VAC + 15% 40 144 VDC

24 VDC, 75 W 24 VDC, 75 W 24 VDC, 75 W 48 VDC, 120 W 48 VDC, 120 W 24 VDC, 5A 48VDC, 2.5A 48 VDC, 2.5A 48 VDC, 2.5 A 48 VDC, 2.5 A

Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted Rack-mounted

2.5.2 D20 Battery Chargers


GE Energy offers the following battery chargers:
Table 21 D20/D200 Battery Chargers
Type Part Number Input Output

WESDAC Battery Charger (48V) WESDAC Battery Charger (24 V)

550-0039 550-0024

120/240 VAC 120/240 VAC

48 VDC 24 VDC

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2.6 D20 Modems


The D20 modems handle communications to the host computer or other intelligent device. Special modem requirements can be addressed through the use of third-party modems, which are connected to the D20/D200 through external RS-232 connections. Refer to Table 22 for details.
Table 22 D20/D200 Modems Modem WESDAC 202/V.23 Specifications 1200 kbps Bell 202 or CCITT V.23 Designed for 300 to 1200 kbps asynchronous operation on unconditioned lines Available as a 19" rack-mount assembly (GE Part Number 520-0090), or as a 3U vertical-mount module that can be installed in the D20/D200 chassis (GE Part Number 520-0120).

Telenetics V.3600

V.34/V.42.bis 2-wire, full-duplex dial-up or leased line; 4-wire, fullduplex leased line Data rates up to 33.6 kbps 0 to +50oC, 0 to 95% non-condensing

Telenetics MIU9.6FPD, MIU/PowerPort9.6FPD

Substation hardened, surge protected 2-wire half duplex, 4-wire full duplex Data rates up to 57.6 kbps -40 to +85oC, 0 to 95% non-condensing Point-to-point, or multipoint configurations

Telenetics Chassis-mount

Dial-up or leased line 2-wire or 4-wire Various versions available, up to 57.6 kbps

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Modem Westermo TD-34

Specifications Designed for extreme industrial environments 2-wire half duplex, 4-wire full duplex Data rates up to 33.6 kbps -40 to +70oC, 0 to 95% non-condensing 35 mm DIN-rail mounting

2.6.1 WESDAC 202/V.23 Modem Specifications


Table 23 WESDAC 202/V.23 Modem Specifications
Item Description

Mounting

Chassis (520-0120) Rack (520-0090) Bell 103 and 202 CCITT V.23 2 wire half-duplex 4 wire half- or full-duplex

Standards

Jumper configurable for:


Circuits

Equipment Interface Data Rate Transmit and Receive Frequencies Transmit Output Level

RS-232/CCITT V.24 data interface 300 and 1200 kbps


Bell 202: Mark 1200 Hz, Space 2200 Hz CCITT V.23: Mark 1300 Hz, Space 2100 Hz -45 dBm to +2.0 dBm Continuous or RTS-keyed Jumper configurable for steps -42, -36, -30, -24, -18, or -12 dBm 5 dB typical carrier dropout hysteresis WESDAC 202/V.23 (vertical): Fixed at 8 ms WESDAC 202/V.23 (rack): 24 ms, optional 7910 chip Soft carrier frequency 900 Hz

Receive Sensitivity

Soft Carrier Turn-Off

DCD on Detection of Carrier DCD on Loss of Carrier CTS Delay after RTS

3 to 7 ms maximum 3.4 to 11.3 ms maximum


8 ms RTS - CTS delay set on software

Line Impedance LED Indicators

600 ohms Tx, Rx, DCD, RTS (all RED)

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Item

Description

Jack

WESDAC 202/V.23 (vertical): RJ11 telephone jack for line connections WESDAC 202/V.23 (rack): Optional integral or external jack termination (Line, monitor and equipment, for both Tx and Rx). 1500 V line isolation SWC ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1-1974 (2.5 kV) SWC (Fast Transient) ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1-1989 (5.0 kV) Relay systems test, in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1978 Optional impulse/lighting protection gas-tube arresters Back-to-back error rate is 1 bit error in 60,000 at 1200 bps

Protection

Error Rate Mechanical

WESDAC 202/V.23 (rack)


Dimensions: 1.75" (4.4 cm) x 19" (48 cm) Vertical mounting in D20/D200 chassis card slot, as shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17. Screw compression type terminals for 2W/4W connections. Female DB25 connector for RS-232 connection. Temperature: -20 C to +60 C Humidity: 0 to 95% non-condensing

WESDAC 202/V.23 (vertical)

Environmental

2.7 Communications
The D20/D200 interfaces with peripherals and external devices over several types of communications facilities:
Table 24 D20/D200 Communications Links
Type RS-232 Properties

Each installed D20ME and D20ME II provides seven RS-232 serial ports. In the D20ME II, each port can be programmed as an RS-232 or an RS-485 port Ports operate independently, at data rates up to 38400 bps Each RS-232 port can provide point-to-point communication between the D20/D200 and:

IED or Serial peripheral, such as a printer or terminal

RS-485

D20ME II main processor can be jumper-configured with RS-485 ports to provide point-to-multipoint communications to substation equipment, at distances up to 4000 ft

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Type D.20 Link

Properties

Provides communications between the D20/D200 main processor and D20 I/O peripherals Two D.20 Links per main processor High-speed, high-level data link (HDLC/X.25) RS-485 serial link, half duplex, 250 kbps Transformer-coupled/isolated for high reliability and protection from electrically noisy environments Manchester-encoded for increased data integrity Dual communication channels for backup communications Shielded LAN cable or a glass/plastic fiber optic cable RS-485 to multi-mode fiber-optic converters are available to extend the distance range of the D20/D200, or to improve system noise immunity Each D.20 Link supports the following:
D20ME/ME II in D20 Chassis Without Repeaters With Repeaters D20ME/ME II in D200 Chassis

Up to 31 I/O Peripherals Up to 120 I/O Peripherals

Up to 31 I/O Peripherals Up to 120 I/O Peripherals

Ethernet

D20/D200 supports communication with substation equipment through two Ethernet ports D20EME Ethernet Memory Expansion module provides two independent Ethernet channels using one of the following formats:
10BASE-T 10BASE2 10BASE-FL

Provides two RJ-45 connectors for connecting to CAT5, or greater, UTP cabling Provides two BNC connectors for connecting to thin coax cabling Provides two ST-style connectors for directly connecting to a single or multi-mode glass or plastic fiber optic cable

2.8 D.20 Link


The D20 main processor communicates with D20 peripheral I/O modules over a high-speed, high-level data link (HDLC) called the D.20 Link. The D.20 Link is an RS-485 serial link, operating half-duplex at 250 kbps. The link is transformer-coupled/isolated for high reliability and protection from electrically noisy environments. A fiber-optic communications link, which has greater noise immunity to power switching transients and voltage gradients, is also available. The D.20 Link protocol is a partial emulation of the standard X.25 protocol. This communications protocol uses the HDLC format with Manchester encoding.

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Using a D.20 Link, the D20 main processor can support up to 31 D20 I/O peripheral modules in a standard configuration. Repeater/extension modules may be used to expand beyond this limit to a maximum of 120 (D20) or 480 (D200) peripheral I/O modules. The D20/D200 can be equipped to provide D.20 Link redundancy, as described in section 2.9.2 , D.20 Link Redundancy.

2.8.1 Designing a Distributed D20 Network


To set up a distributed D20 peripheral I/O network design, three key factors need to be considered: Peripheral configuration of each remote location Approximate distance between peripheral locations Type of cable (RS-485 serial, plastic fiber, or glass fiber)

Generally, an RS-485 serial link is used for short distances, such as between D20 modules located close together on a rack or mounted in a group, and a fiber optic link is used to extend the D.20 Link to remotely located modules or in electrically noisy environments. When the D.20 Link is installed outside the substation control house, GE Energy highly recommends the use of a fiber optic cable. For more information on planning a D.20 Link, refer to Appendix G, D.20 Link Installation. D20 modules are configurable in star- or daisy-chain networks. Refer to Figure 38 for an example of a D.20 Link configuration.

Power/ RS485 Cables

Example D.20 Configuration


D20

D20A D20S D20K DCI or DFS

Power/ RS485 Cables

Optional Fiber Repeater


Power Supply DCI or DFS DCI

Power/ RS485 Cables

Remote I/O
Power Supply D20S D20C DCI

PFO or GFO Cable (1 of 4 links, if DFS) D20A D20S Termination Legend DCI - D.20 Communications Interface DFS - D.20 Fiber Splitter

Figure 38 D.20 Link Example Configuration

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To interconnect D20 modules with an RS-485 serial link or a fiber optic link, certain communications equipment is needed: D.20 Communication Interface or D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter with a fiber optic adaptor between the D20 main processor (or the last peripheral on an RS-485 serial link), and the start of the fiber optic link D.20 Communication Interface with a fiber optic adaptor at the end of the fiber optic cable to convert back to an RS-485 link, for interconnecting remotely located D20 peripheral I/O modules. Cable and connectors Power supply

2.8.2 D.20 Communication Interface


The D.20 Communication Interface is used as a repeater module for systems requiring more than 31 D20 I/O peripheral modules. It facilitates extension to a maximum of 120 D20 I/O peripherals on a single HDLC communication port. The DCI can also be used to extend the distance range of the D20/D200:
To extend the range of the D.20 Link

D20 Communications Interface From D20/D200, or from upstream I/O Peripherals To downstream I/O Peripherals

Figure 39 D.20 Communications Interface

The D.20 Communication Interface (DCI) provides a 1:1 interface between an RS-485 serial D.20 Link and one fiber optic D.20 Link. The DCI has two RS-485 D.20 ports, one input port and one port for continuing the D.20 Link daisy chain. The fiber cable connects to the DCI via either a plastic (PFO) or glass (GFO) fiber adaptor, which plugs onto the DCI module. The DCI installs on a standard 19" rack and is one rack unit high. See Figure 40.
D.20 COMMUNICATION INTERFACE 520-0117
D.20 Link D.20 Link D.20 Link

*Project Specific D.20 RS485 Interface Adaptor, PFO Adaptor, or GFO Adaptor may be equipped.

D.20 Link

Figure 40 D.20 Communication Interface

At the end of the fiber optic link, another DCI is used (with the appropriate glass or plastic fiber optic adaptor) to convert from the fiber optic link back to the RS-485 serial D.20 Link that interconnects the remote D20 peripheral I/O modules.

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2.8.3 Adapter Modules


Plug-on adaptor modules are available for connecting RS-485 serial, plastic or glass fiber cables to the D.20 Communication Interface and the D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter modules. GFO: Glass fiber optic adaptor with an SMA screw lock or ST twist lock connector PFO: Plastic fiber optic adaptor with a snap-in lock connector RSR: RS-485 repeater
D.20 Link D.20 Link

HDLC

D.20 Link

RSR

D.20 Link

HDLC

RS-458 Repeater

D.20 Link

D.20 Link

HDLC
D.20 Link

PFO/ GFO

F.O.
D.20 Link

RS-458 to Fiber Converter

Figure 41 DCI Modes of Operation

2.8.4 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter


The D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter (DFS) is used to break out the D.20 Link into four separate D.20 Links, for applications with clusters of peripherals at different locations:

To split out the D.20 Link

. F.O

F.O.

HDLC From D20/D200, or from upstream I/O Peripherals

D.20 Splitter
F.O.
F.O .

Up to four D.20 Links

Figure 42 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter

The D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter (DFS) provides a 1:4 interface between the RS-485 serial D.20 Link and up to four fiber optic links. The DFS has two RS-485 ports, one input port and one port continuing the D.20 Link daisy chain. Up to four plastic or glass fiber optic adaptors plug onto the DFS module to connect the fiber cables. See Figure 43. The DFS installs on a standard 19" rack and is two rack units high.
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D.20 SPLITTER 520-0118

*Project Specific Up to four PFO or GFO adaptors may be installed


D.20 Link D.20 Link

Figure 43 D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter

2.8.5 Communication Cables


2.8.5.1 RS-485 Twisted Wire
Shielded cables are required, with one end of the cable shield properly grounded. The D20/D200 and peripherals must be securely and properly grounded within metal enclosures, according to recommended industry practices. RS-485 cabling must meet the following specifications: IEEE 802 standard LAN cables: Belden 9891 Ethernet or Alpha 9852 Ethernet 4 pair #22 AWG [0.644mm] stranded tinned copper Outer jacket: PVC, 0.032" thick Conductors: Color-coded PVC, 0.01" thick Shield: #22 AWG [0.644mm] aluminum/polyester tape Temperature/Voltage: -20 to +80 C, 150V Flammability: Passes UL VW-1 flame test Maximum Length: 1000 ft / 300 m

2.8.5.2 Plastic or Glass Fiber


For remote distributed network peripherals, fiber optic cable is recommended for outdoor switchyard applications. Recommended core sizes: 1 mm plastic optical fiber or 200 mm hard clad silica (HCS), 50/100 mm, 62.5/125 mm and 100/140 mm. Wavelength: 660 nm (plastic,) 820 nm (glass) Maximum Length (without repeaters) Plastic: 146 ft / 45 m Glass: 6500 ft / 2000 m

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2.8.6 Power Requirements


To ensure the low threshold of 20 V input to the peripheral is met, the number and type of peripherals and location on the D.20 Link is reviewed with respect to cable IR drop. If the IR drop is exceeded, remote D20 peripherals and DCIs will require a local 24/48 V DC power supply. For 125 V systems, employ a WESDAC Power Converter (125 V DC/AC input, 24 V or 48 V DC output) for local operation of D20 peripherals and DCIs. The D.20 Communication Interface and D.20 Fiber Optic Splitter require 24/48 V DC power. This power may be supplied from standard D.20 cable, if available. Remote D20 peripherals are normally powered via the D.20 line using a #20 AWG [0.812mm] cable. Typical power requirements for D20 modules are summarized in Appendix E, Power Consumption D20 Modules. When using a 20-60 V DC input for powering a D20 Power Supply, the peripherals obtain power directly from the input source (after switched and fused).

2.9 Redundancy
The D20/D200 supports the following fault-tolerant system configurations: Single D20/D200 with single D.20 Link Single D20/D200 with two D.20 Links Redundant D20/D200 system with single LAN (illustrated in Figure 44) Single D20/D200 with loop redundancy (illustrated in Figure 45) Single D20/D200 with redundant LAN (illustrated in Figure 46) Redundant D20/D200 system with redundant LAN

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2.9.1 D20/D200 Redundancy


To provide high reliability, two D20s (with VME chassis) or D200s can be joined via a dedicated communication channel to form a redundant RTU assembly, as illustrated below:
Inter-CCU Communications (Watchdog)

D200 A

D200 B

D.20 Port

RS-232 Communications Channels A


RS-232 Switch

RS-232 Switch Monitor and Control

RS-232 Communications Channels B

D.20 Port

RS-232 Communications Channels

I/O Peripheral

...

I/O Peripheral

Figure 44 D200 Redundancy

Each D20/D200 contains identical hardware and software. The connection to field equipment is made through an RS-232 Switch Panel. The position of the RS-232 Switch Panel, set either automatically or manually, determines which D20/D200 is active. On power up, the active D20/D200 initializes to an Active Polling state, acquiring data from all substation devices and any local peripheral I/O reporting to it. Controls are executed as directed by the master host system. The standby D20/D200 monitors the state of the active D20/D200 via the inter-CCU communications circuit. The standby D20/D200 operates in a warm standby mode; it does not actively poll for data or execute controls. Some data may therefore be lost during a fail-over, depending on the timing of the fail-over with respect to polling activity (i.e., the system is not hot standby).
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If detected, the following hardware failures will result in a fail-over from the active to the standby D20/D200:

Power failure Background diagnostic error Bus error Watchdog timer reset

When a failure of the active D20/D200 is detected, the standby D20/D200 is switched to an active state, at which point it will initiate data collection and control functionality. The standby D20/D200 completes a full update of its databases at this time. The originally active D20/D200 is disabled, with no fail-back operation. The standby D20/D200 system remains in the Active Polling state, until manually restored to its original configuration. A switchover can be manually forced from the RS-232 Switch Panel, or through the WESMAINT maintenance interface.

2.9.2 D.20 Link Redundancy


In addition to equipment redundancy, the D20/D200 can be equipped to provide D.20 Link redundancy using D.20 Loop Redundancy or D.20 Link Redundancy. A D20 system with loop redundancy is illustrated in Figure 45.

D20/D200
D.20 Link A Failure Scenario 1 D.20 Link B D.20 Link A

D20/D200
D.20 Link B

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral Failure Scenario 2 I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

Figure 45 Single D20/D200 with Loop Redundancy

With D.20 Loop Redundancy, cabling is daisy-chained from D.20 Port A through all of the I/O peripherals, then the last I/O peripheral in the chain is connected back to D.20 Port B. Normally, the D20/D200 will communicate with the I/O peripherals alternately through D.20 Link A and D.20 Link B. In this way, the D20/D200 is able to regularly confirm the integrity of both
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communications links with all I/O peripherals. It will know immediately if there is a problem with the link, and can raise an alarm, if necessary. In the case of Failure Scenario 1, the D20/D200 will still be able to communicate with the I/O peripherals through D.20 Link B. In the case of Failure Scenario 2, the D20/D200 will communicate with some peripherals through D.20 Link A, and others through D.20 Link B. Full D.20 Link Redundancy can be implemented, as shown in Figure 46:

D20/D200
D.20 Link A Failure Scenario 3 D.20 Link B D.20 Link A

D20/D200
D.20 Link B

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral Failure Scenario 4 I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

I/O Peripheral

Figure 46 Single D20/D200 with Redundant LAN

This method requires the installation of a D.20 Link interface card (GE part number 540-0207) on each I/O peripheral WESDAC board. As shown in Figure 46, each D.20 port in the D20/D200 is physically connected to each I/O peripheral. This connection could be implemented in a single set of cables; however, this would limit the benefit of D.20 Link Redundancy since a cable cut could damage both links. Instead, it would be more beneficial to implement LAN redundancy using separate cables and cable routing. A D20 Adapter (GE part number 540-0313), installed at each I/O peripheral, allows both D.20 Link A and D.20 Link B cabling to be connected to the peripheral. In the case of Failure Scenario 3, the D20/D200 will still be able to communicate with the I/O peripherals through D.20 Link B. In the case of Failure Scenario 4, the D20/D200 will communicate with some peripherals alternately through D.20 Link A and D.20 Link B, and with others solely through D.20 Link B.

2.10 Auxiliary Equipment


2.10.1 Universal Protocol Converter
A Universal Protocol Converter (UPC) is required when the D20/D200 will interface with devices that use synchronous protocols. The UPC converts the D20 asynchronous format to the devices synchronous format.

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2.10.2 Data Display Panel


The Data Display Panel provides an economical means of displaying up to 150 digital and 150 analog input points from a D20/D200. Any data point available in the D20/D200 database can be viewed from a single data display panel, and all information displayed can be scaled to engineering units for easy interpretation. Seven pre-configured screens are available for easy setup, and an additional 30 user-defined screens that can be configured using Config Pro. The Data Display Panel is available in two versions, one that can be installed directly on a 19 rack and one that is installed directly onto a D20 chassis, as shown in Figure 47:

Figure 47 Data Display Panel

2.10.3 Fiber Optic Interfaces


Fiber-optic communications links, with greater noise immunity to power-switching transients and voltage gradients, are available for RS-232 and RS-485 serial links. GE Energy is currently recommending the use of Dymec 5843/5844 single- and multi-mode industrial fiber optic links and repeaters:
Table 25 D20/D200 Fiber Optic Links
Dymec 5843/5844 Parameter
Optical Budget Optical Power (typical) Receive Sensitivity Wavelength Connector Type Data Rate Transmission Distance Bit-error Rate

Multimode
19.5 dB -10.5 dBm peak -30 dBm peak 850 nm ST DC to 250 kbps Up to 5000 meters 1 x 10-9 max

Single Mode
19 dB -14.5 dBm peak -33.4 dBm peak 1310 nm ST DC to 250 kbps Up to 30K meters 1 x 10-9 max

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3. Configuration and Maintenance Software


The D20/D200 is equipped with a range of maintenance utilities to assist the user in configuring, testing and monitoring the system:

3.1 Config Pro


Config Pro is a tool, installed on a personal computer, which helps you manage information associated with your GE Enegy equipment. The primary use of Config Pro is to facilitate the configuration of D20/D200 hardware and software through the maintenance port on the main processor and I/O peripheral. Information is accessed through a hierarchy of windows, as follows:
Project Window
Provides a graphical representation of your project. Each device in the project is represented by a corresponding icon. Connections between devices are shown by a series of lines and arrows. When you double-click on a device, the device window is opened in the main area. The device window will display all of the configurable applications for the device. The device window has four tabs:

Device Window


Application Window Report Window

Data Collection Applications Data Translation Applications System Point Database Applications Data Processing Applications

Displays the tables for a particular application. Allows you to select and print reports.

3.2 LogicLinx
The LogicLinx application is a powerful tool that allows the user to program PLC-like logic functions in the D200 environment. LogicLinx consists of an executor, running in the remote device firmware and an editor, running in a Windows PC environment, which is used to create the desired programs. LogicLinx is compliant with all five programming languages defined in the IEC 61131-3 standard.

3.3 WESMAINT
WESMAINT is a maintenance facility that resides on the D20 and D200. It uses a series of menus and screens displayed on a PC or VT100 terminal to create a simple interface. WESMAINT presets a window through which field technicians and programmers can look directly into the equipment to view collected data and system status and, for some applications, make changes to the configuration.
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Using the WESMAINT facility, you can access standard data displays such as:

Digital inputs and outputs Analog inputs and outputs Transition counters Sequence-of-event (SOE) and change-of-state (COS) data Device status information Error log User log System status CCU (central control unit) communication status, if a redundant system is installed.

3.4 PROMAINT
Similar to WESMAINT, PROMAINT is the maintenance facility for the I/O peripheral modules. PROMAINT combines maintenance and monitor functions. The maintenance portion is used to view data, or to verify that the board is functioning correctly by, for example, forcing a control point and then checking to see whether the control operation took effect. This monitor facility is intended for advanced users to interpret commands from the maintenance port, such as storing data to memory. It can also execute various application-dependent commands once an application program has been downloaded from the D20/D200.

3.5 68K Monitor


The 68K Monitor functions are primarily debugging tools that users can access via a PC or a VT100 terminal with a keyboard. Monitor functions include memory examination, dumping and editing, setting break points, single-step modes, communication port loop-back tests, mark and space modem adjustments, and CPU usage and process profiling.

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4. Application Software
The D20/D200 can be equipped with a wide range of substation automation and enhanced SCADA applications, some of which are summarized below:

User Programmable Logic


Calculator DTA LogicLinx DTA Soft logic utility to perform mathematical and logical operations IEC61131-3 compliant PLC type logic with full support for 5 programming languages

Generation, Transmission, and Feeder Bay Automation Applications


Automatic Voltage Control DTA Local / Remote DTA Secondary Master Trip/Close DTA Setpoint Adjustment DTA Tap Position Indication DTA Maintain steady voltage based on user-defined targets and settings A master local/remote switch to control the local/remote state of distributed devices Enables the use of individual relays (with external terminations) as master trip/close relays Adjust setpoints based on control request durations or analog input values Translate status points into scaled analog input values to reflect transformer tap positions

Distribution Automation Applications


Auto Reclose DTA Automatic Restoration DTA Distribution Capacitor Control Algorithm DTA Fault Localization DTA Load and Dead Bus Transfer DTA Load Shedding/Curtailment DTA Automatically reclose tripped circuit breakers following momentary faults Patented load transfer scheme isolates faults and restores power to non-faulted sections if possible Improve reactive support during peak periods through more effective use of existing capacitor banks Locate and isolate faults to reduce customer outage times Monitor a network of substations and move load off overloaded transformers to other stations as required Shed load intelligently during overload conditions

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Communication Services Applications


Communication Watchdog DTA Substation Maintenance DTA Virtual Terminal DTA Line Switch DTA LAN Services DTA COM Statistics DTA IRIG B Source DTA SNTP Client DTA Monitor and report the health of communications Suppress SCADA point reporting during substation maintenance Direct remote access to connected devices Monitor main and secondary communication channels and retransmit on a third channel TFTP, SPT Server/Client, Time Server/Client Detailed communication pass/fail statistics Time sync connected devices using IRIG-B Time sync over an Ethernet LAN

Data Logging / Storage Applications


SOE Local Logger DTA Accumulator Freeze DTA Event Storage DTA Historical Analog DTA Log digital and analog SOEs to an external printer, PC or to a CSV file Coordinate freezing of accumulator groups Store history of current values, status, and time-tags of analogs and accumulators for up to 7 days Store averaged historical values for up to 8 analog inputs

Data Reduction and Summarizing Applications


Analog Reference DTA Data Change Detect DTA Alarm Prioritization DTA Monitor analog input hardware for good or bad reference values Toggle a status point every time any data in a configured group changes An alarm filter designed to manage the 3 level alarms reported by GEs DART pole-top/pad-mount distribution RTU Average analogs at regular intervals Alarm when analogs exceed configured thresholds Group alarms together to create summary alarms Average analogs at regular intervals relative to the top of the hour Provide data from a backup source if the primary source is off-line

Analog Averaging DTA Analog Alarm DTA General Alarm DTA Top of Hour (TOH) Analog Averaging DTA Redundant I/O DTA

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Data Conversion Applications


Digital-Analog Value Conversion DTA Digital Input to Counter DTA BCD Setpoint DTA Accumulator Delta to Analog DTA Time Stamp DTA Analog to Digital Conversion DTA Mailbox DTA Convert digital input groups to analog data using binary, BCD, or gray code encoding Count the number of SOE or COS transitions on status points Translate analog output requests into a group of BCD encoded control points Convert accumulators to analog values for protocols that do not support counters Interpret each bit in an analog input as a status point, and create SOEs appropriately Convert analog inputs into groups of binary coded control outputs Convert analog outputs into analog inputs so they can be read by all masters

Other DTAs
AGA Gas Flow DTA Gas flow rate and energy flow rate calculations

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5. Frequently Asked Questions


The following section responds to some frequently asked questions about the D20 and D200:

5.1 What is the difference between the D20 and the D200?
The D200, which uses the same hardware modules as those used in the D20, has a much higher capacity than the D20. The D200s larger chassis can support up to seven vertically mounted D20ME II processors, which, in turn, are each capable of supporting two D.20 and seven RS232/485 ports. Where a D20 can support two D.20 and seven RS-232 or RS-485 ports, the D200 can be equipped with up to:
4 D.20 ports, each supporting up to 480 I/O peripherals 49 RS-232 or RS-485 ports (seven per D20ME II Main Processor)

5.2 Will VME cards work with my non-VME systems?


No. VME cards may appear to work in non-VME chassis; however, they are not designed or tested to do so. Non-terminated VME circuitry can cause unexpected RTU resets or failures. GE Energy does not endorse the use of VME D20/D200 cards in non-VME systems, or vice versa.

5.3 What is the I/O capacity of a D20 system?


The D20 can support up to:
Two D.20 ports, each supporting up to 120 I/O peripherals Seven RS-232 or RS-485 ports Two Ethernet ports For example:

On each of its two D.20 ports, the D20 can support the following:
Example
A B C

I/O Peripherals
120 - D20 S 120 - D20 A 100 - D20 A 20 - D20 S

Providing
7680 status inputs (120 x 64) 1920 analog inputs (120 x 16) 1600 analog inputs (100 x 16) and 1280 status inputs (20 x 64)

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5.4 What is the I/O capacity of a D200 system?


The D200 can support up to:
4 D.20 ports (two per main processor), each supporting up to 120 I/O peripherals 49 RS-232 or RS-485 ports (seven per main processor) Two Ethernet ports For example:

On each of its 4 D.20 ports, the D200 can support the following:
Example
A B C

I/O Peripherals
240 - D20 S 240 - D20 A 200 - D20 A 40 - D20 S

Providing
15,360 status inputs (240 x 64) 3840 analog inputs (240 x 16) 3200 analog inputs (200 x 16) and 2560 status inputs (40 x 64)

5.5 What are the added features of the ME II Main Processor over the ME Main Processor?
Equipped with a D20ME II Main Processor, the D20/D200 can support RS-485 communications on all seven communications ports. End devices can be supported at distances up to 4000 feet, and the D20/200 can support up to 32 devices on each communication port, without the need for external converters.

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A. Specifications and Supported Standards


Standard Description D20/D200 with standard D20A, D20S, D20K, D20C
-10oC / 96 hr +55oC / 96 hr 10 - 150Hz fg Half sine, 5g, 11 ms, 3 axis Half sine, 10g, 11 ms, 1000 in 3 axis -55oC 95% RH, 6 days TBD TBD TBD

D20/D200 with highvoltage peripherals: D20AHV, D20SHV, D20KHV, D20CHV


-10oC / 96 hr +55oC / 96 hr 10 - 150Hz fg Half sine, 5g, 11 ms, 3 axis Half sine, 10g, 11 ms, 1000 in 3 axis -55oC 95% RH, 6 days TBD TBD Comply

IEC 60068-2-1 IEC 60068-2-2


Environmental

Cold Dry Heat Vibration Shock Bump Damp Heat Drop and Topple Transportation EMC Compliance

IEC 60068-2-6 IEC 60068-2-27 IEC-60068-2-29 IEC-60068-2-30 IEC-60068-2-31 MIL-STD-810E EN 50081-2, EN 50082-2

EMC

EN 55011 EN 61000-3-2 EN 61000-3-3 EN 61000-4-2

Radiated and Conducted Emissions Harmonics (230 VAC supply) Flicker (230 VAC supply) Electrostatic Discharge

TBD Comply Comply TBD

Class A Comply Comply Level 4: 8 kV / 15 kV

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Standard

Description

D20/D200 with standard D20A, D20S, D20K, D20C


Level 3: 10 V/m TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD 1000 ms 100%

D20/D200 with highvoltage peripherals: D20AHV, D20SHV, D20KHV, D20CHV


Level 3: 10 V/m Level 4: 4 kV (2 kV coms) Level 4: 4 kV / 2 kV Level 3: 10 Vrms Level 5: 100 A/m (1 kA/m) Level 5: 100 A/m (1 MHz and 100 kHz) 1000 ms 100%

EN 61000-4-3 EN 61000-4-4 EN 61000-4-5 EN 61000-4-6 EN 61000-4-8


EMC (continued)

Immunity to Radiated Emissions, 80 - 1000 MHz EFTB Surge Immunity RF Immunity Magnetic Immunity Damped Oscillatory Magnetic Field Voltage Dips and Interruptions (AC power supply) High Frequency Oscillatory Immunity to Conducted Common Mode Disturbances 0 150 kHz Immunity to Ripple on DC Power Port DC Supply Interruptions Product Safety Dielectric Strength Impulse Insulation at 500 V Vibration High Frequency Impulse Electrostatic Discharge Radiated Electromagnetic Field Disturbance Fast Transient Disturbance Electrostatic Discharge Fast Transient Disturbance Surge Immunity

EN 61000-4-10 EN 61000-4-11

EN 61000-4-12 EN 61000-4-16

Level 4: 2.5 kV TBD

Level 4: 2.5 kV Level 4: 30 V (300 V 1 sec) < 10% ripple 50 ms 100% Comply 2.5 kVDC 5 kV > 100 Mohm 10 150 Hz 1g Level 4: 2.5 kV Level 4: 8 kV/15 kV Level 3: 10 V/m Level 4: 4 kV (2 kV coms) Standard withdrawn Standard withdrawn Standard withdrawn

EN 61000-4-17 EN 61000-4-29 EN 61010-1


Safety

< 10% ripple 50 ms 100% TBD 1 kVDC 5 kV > 100 Mohm 10 150 Hz 1g Level 4: 2.5 kV TBD Level 3: 10 V/m TBD Standard withdrawn Standard withdrawn Standard withdrawn

IEC 60255-5 IEC 60255-5 IEC 60255-5

Field Standards for Relays Obsolete

IEC 60255-21-1 IEC 60255-22-1 IEC 60255-22-2 IEC 60255-22-3 IEC 60255-22-4 IEC 60801-2 IEC 60801-4 IEC 60801-5

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Standard

Description

D20/D200 with standard D20A, D20S, D20K, D20C


Comply

D20/D200 with highvoltage peripherals: D20AHV, D20SHV, D20KHV, D20CHV


Comply

IEEE C37.1-1994
Supplementary Information

IEEE Standard Definition, Specification and Analysis of System used for Supervisory Control, Data Acquisition, and Automatic Control Quality Systems Specification for Design, Manufacture and Installation Dimensions of Mechanical Structures of 19 inch Rack Communication Protocol Communication Protocol

ISO 9000

Comply

Comply

IEC 60297 DNP 3.0 IEC 60870-5

Comply Comply Comply

Comply Comply Comply

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B. Supported Host Protocols


The following list is a sampling of the host protocols supported by the D20/D200. GE Energy is continually adding to this list. Please contact GE Energy for the latest developments.
ABB Indactic 33/41 (16-bit) ABB Indactic 35 ABB Systems Control SC1801 ADLP-180 AMTRAK SDLC Allen-Bradley ANSI X3.28 ASW BBC 7200 Boeing BETAC/GETAC 7020 CDC 44-500 Type I CDC 44-550 Type II Cegelec HNZ Conitel C0300 Conitel C0200 Conitel 2000 Conitel C2020 Conitel C2025 Conitel C2100H Conitel C2100M

Conitel C3000 Datap DCP-1 DNP 3 (Serial) DNP 3 (TCP/IP) DNP 3 (UDP/IP) ESCA/WELCO Ferranti Mark IIA Ferranti TRW 9550 Ferranti TRW S9000 Ferranti Vancomm GETAC 7020 GETAC 7020 LP Georgia Power Company Harris HR5000 Harris HR6000/XA-21 Harris Micro II IEC 60870-5-101 IEC 60870-5-104 Landis & Gyr 8979

Megadata MD3000 Modbus (Serial) MPS 9000 Pert 26/31 PG&E (Rev. 11) Rockwell SANGAMO SCADA Consultants (Sensa) SES-91 SES-92 Siemens Sinaut 8FW-1024 (DPDM) Siemens Sinaut 8FW-512 (PCM) Telegyr TG809 UCA 2.0 Valmet TEJAS V Valmet TEJAS III Westinghouse REDAC 70H Westinghouse WESDAC 4F Westinghouse WISP+

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C. Supported IED Protocols


The ability to acquire data from all substation Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) is essential to any utilities substation automation program. GE Energy has the largest IED protocol libraries in the industry allowing for fast and efficient integration of the following types of IEDs:
Protection Relays Power Meters Digital Fault Recorders Power Quality Monitors Capacitor Bank Controllers Load Tap Changer (LTC) Controllers PLC

The following list summarizes the sub-master communication protocols supported by the D20/D200:
8979 ACCUSONIC FLOW METER Allen Bradley ANSI X3.28 DCA BECO 2200 BOEING 3050 CDC TYPE II COOPER 2179 DNP V1.00 (QUANTUM METERS) DNP V3.00 DPU ENVIC DMCP-20A FLUKE TEMPERATURE RECORDER GE DGP GEC COURIER PROTOCOL GEC SCADA PACKET HARLEY LTC-MAP HARRIS 6000 HNZ

IEC 870-5-101 IEC 870-5-103 INCOM INDACTIC 33 JEM 2 LEEDEX DTMF LILCO ASCII MD3000 MICRO II MODBUS POWER MEASUREMENT LIMITED 3710 ACM METER Procontrol P14 PROGRAMMABLE SYNCROCHECK RELAY (PSR) PSI QUAD 4+ QUANTUM METERS SCANNER ROCKWELL RUGBY CLOCK

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SAG PROTECTIVE DEVICE SC1801 SEL GATEWAY SINAUT 8-FW 512/1024 SINAUT 8FW-512-PCM

SPA BUS SUNDAS RMS SYPROTEC HYDRAN UCA 2.0 VANCOM

GE Energy is continually adding to the supported protocol list. Please contact GE Energy for the latest developments.

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D. Power Consumption D20 Modules


Module
D20ME D20S D20A D20K D20K O/B Relay D20C D20C A/I D20C I/O Rack Modem Universal Protocol Converter 48 V Status Point 24 V Status Point 130 V Status Point

Power Consumption (Typical Watts)


4.00 3.00 7.00 4.00 0.288 5.00 1.50 1.50 1.44 0.680 0.264 0.132 0.715

For example, a D20S with 8 points on using 24V wetting has a typical power consumption of: 3.00W + 8(0.132W) = 4.056W A D20K with 4 relays operating requires: 4.00W + 4(0.288W) = 5.152W

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E. D20/D200 Main Processor Compatibility


Compatibility of the different versions of D20/D200 main processors and chassis is summarized in below:
Board Combinations (All in the same chassis)
D20ME D20ME, EME D20ME, GreenSpring D20ME, MicroMemory D20ME, GreenSpring, MicroMemory D20M++ D20M++, EME D20M++, GreenSpring D20M++, MicroMemory D20M++, GreenSpring, MicroMemory D20ME, D20M++, EME D20ME, D20M++, MicroMemory D20ME, D20M++, GreenSpring, MicroMemory D20ME, New D.20 Peripherals D20ME, Old D.20 Peripherals D20ME II (non-VME version) D20ME II (VME version)

D20/D200 Chassis Type D20 Non-VME (1 Slot Horizontal)


Yes N/A N/A N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Yes No

D20 VME (5 Slot Horizontal)


Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes N/A N/A Yes Yes No Yes

D200 VME (9 Slot Vertical)


Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes

Note: In the above table, N/A means that it is physically not possible to plug the processor card into the chassis. No means that, although the card can physically be plugged in to the chassis, but it will not function correctly. Note: There are some constraints with the above compatibilities. For more detail, refer to the D20/D200 Installation and Operation Guide (Document Number 994-0078).

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F. D.20 Link Installation


Guidelines for Installing a D.20 Link
Some considerations to note when installing peripherals remotely are as follows:

5.5.1.2 Transceiver Cable (RS-485)


The maximum distance, for the communication portion (i.e. TX and RX), of the D.20 Link, from the D20 termination panel to the Termination Resistor, is 1000 ft (300 m). Repeater modules may be used to extend the D.20 Link beyond the maximum distance. The DCI can extend this limit by 1000 ft. The limit for the power supply portion (+DC & -DC) of the D.20 Link depends on the loading. This, in turn, is determined by the following factors:
Number of peripherals per remote location Maximum load of each peripheral (see D. Power Consumption D20 Modules) IR drop on the cable

Cable losses for typical RS-485 wire gauges are:


#22 AWG [0.644mm] wire = .016 ohms/ft #20 AWG [0.812mm] wire = .010 ohms/ft

Ensure that the lower threshold of 20 V, on each peripheral, is met. WESDAC Power Converters, rated at 20 W/125 V in, 24 or 48 V out, may be used for a maximum of two peripheral modules. To minimize the IR drop of the cable, a higher supply voltage (i.e. 48 V) for peripherals is recommended. An auxiliary power supply, rated at 100 W/125 V DC in, 48 V DC out, may be used.

5.5.1.3 Fiber Optic Cable

At the start of the fiber optic cable (D20 end), the following items are required:
D20 fiber optic transceiver, either a 1:1 (DCI) or a 1:4 (DFS), depending on the number of peripheral locations Glass (GFO) or plastic (PFO) fiber optic adaptors, as required

Remote D20 peripheral I/O modules require 20 to 60 V DC source. A WESDAC Power Converter or Power Supply may be used for 125 V input sites.

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The recommended maximum distance for fiber optic cable is:


Glass: 6500 ft / 2000 m Plastic: 146 ft / 45 m Repeater modules may be used to extend beyond this limit.

Calculating the Maximum Distance of a D.20 Link


Following are formulae, and an example, for calculating the maximum distance of an RS-485 D.20 Link (+DC & -DC), taking into account the IR drop.

5.5.1.4 Variables
PTotal nx X I Vp Vd Rs Dmax Vt = = = = = = = = = Total Power Number of units of type x Power Consumption of X module (see D. Power Consumption D20 Modules), where X = M, S, A, K, R, C, C A/I, C I/O, COM, UPC, SP. Constant Current Peripheral Supply Voltage (24, 48, 130 V) Voltage drop/foot Resistive Cable Loss:(#20 AWG [0.812mm] = 0.010 ohms/ft, #22 AWG [0.644mm] = 0.016 ohms/ft) D.20 Link (+DC & -DC) Maximum Distance Voltage Threshold (20 V)

5.5.1.5 Formulae

PTotal = nAA + nSS + nKK + nCC + nC A/IC A/I + nC I/OC I/O + nCOMCOM + nSPSP + nRR I = PTotal / Vp Vd = I x Rs Dmax = (Vp - Vt) / (2 x Vd) or 1000 feet, whichever is less

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Example:

Assume you are installing three D20A and two D20S modules on an RS-485 D.20 Link using wire gauge #22 and a peripheral supply of 48 V. Calculate the maximum distance of the D.20 Link as follows:

PTotal
=3xA+2xS =3x5W+2x3W = 21 W

= nAA + nSS

I
= 21 W / 48 V = 0.44 A

= PTotal / Vp

Vd
= 0.44 A x 0.016 ohms/ft = 0.00704 V/ft

= I x Rs

Dmax
= MIN[1989 feet or 1000 feet] =1000 feet

= MIN[(Vp - Vt) / (2 x Vd) or 1000 feet]


= MIN[(48 V - 20 V) / (2 x (0.00704 V/ft)) or 1000 feet]

Therefore, the maximum distance that you can operate the D.20 Link would be 1000 feet.
Note: If external digital input contact wetting is supplied by station battery, omit the Power Consumption of each Status Point factor (SP) from the Total Power (PT) equation.

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Index
6 68K Monitor 78 C Communication Links Config Pro D D.20 Cabling 71 D.20 Link D20 A 45 analog input processing.................. 48 specifications .................................. 48 D20 AC D20 C 40, 55 specifications .................................. 56 D20 EME D20 K 50 base application.............................. 52 control output configurations........... 50 specifications .................................. 52 D20 ME D20 ME II D20 S 40 specifications .................................. 43 15, 26 1, 15, 26 firmware.......................................... 28 firmware.......................................... 28 E Ethernet support F Fiber Optic Interfaces H Host Protocols supported........................................ 87 76 82 Frequently Asked Questions 15, 32 2, 15, 32 D20 HV peripherals 3 59 67 77 66 Communications Interface 69 D20/D200 chassis............................................ 12 communications.............................. 66 Communications Interface .............. 69 detailed description.................ix, 5, 21 Ethernet support ....................... 15, 32 firmware.......................................... 19 hardware........................................... 6 I/O peripherals .......................... 17, 33 main processor ......................... 14, 26 mechanical design .......................... 21 modems.................................... 17, 64 overview ........................................... 5 power requirements ........................ 72 power supplies................................ 61 RTU Master .................................... 12 splitters ........................................... 70 system architecture........................... 6 Data Display Panel 76

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I I/O Peripherals common code ................................. 37 hardware......................................... 36 IED supported protocols ........................ 88 Interposing Relays 54 IRIG B M Modems P Power calculations 95 Power Supplies PROMAINT 78 3, 16, 61 64 30

R RS-485 support S Software application ..............................ix, 6, 79 maintenance utilities .........ix, 5, 19, 77 Splitters Standards supported........................................ 84 T Time Synchronization U Universal Protocol Converter W WESMAINT 77 What's New 1 75 30 specifications .................................. 65 70 66, 71, 94

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