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Ancient Egypt and the Near East

---DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST BOOKLET--MATCHING--- Match the terms on the left with the definitions on the right and place your answer on the sheet provided. (2 points each) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Topography Vizier Embalm Artisan Kandake A. A craftsperson B. A powerful female leader who co-ruled Kush with her husband and sons C. To treat a dead body to prevent it from decaying D. A high-ranking government official E. Surface features of a place or region, such as mountains or deserts

TRUE AND FALSE---A for true, B for false (2 points each) 6. The three important environmental features that affected where people would settle were water, topography, and climate. 7. The Nile River flowed from south to north. 8. The Sea of Galilee, Jordan River, and Nile River were all fresh water sources. 9. Only men could be priests in Egyptian society. 10. Women in Egypt enjoyed more rights than most women in the ancient world. 11. Government officials included the vizier, the chief treasurer, and the general of the armies. 12. Parchment was the form of paper used by scribes to write on. . 13. Kush was also known as Nubia, which comes from nub, the Egyptian word for gold. 14. The Assyrians were able to drive Kushites out of Egypt because they had superior military technology. 15. In Kush, there were female leaders, known as kandakes, who ruled with great power.

MULTIPLE CHOICE--- Choose the best answer and fill in the corresponding letter on the sheet provided. (2 points each) 16. How did ancient Egyptian settlements benefit from being surrounded by desert? A. B. C. D. The desert had good land for growing crops. The desert made trade and travel easy because it was flat. The desert offered protection from invaders. The desert had special plants that could be used to make medicine.

17. How was the Jordan River different from the Nile River? A. B. C. D. It was salt water. It was home to many fish. It did not flood regularly. It did not have a strong current.

18. If you were a peasant and wanted to raise your status, what one route might be open to you? A. B. C. D. Marry an official Work for the rich Take care of a temple Become a scribe

19. An ancient Egyptian schoolteacher once said, "A youngster's ear is on his back." What did he mean when he spoke those words? A. B. C. D. Children listen only if they're beaten. Children never look at their teachers. Children learn only by listening. Children never sit still during school.

20. Why did Egyptian priests embalm human bodies? A. B. C. D. They believed people needed their bodies in the afterlife. They believed only whole bodies could enter heaven. They believed people needed to preserve their bodies after death. They hoped to bring people back to life in the future.

21. What was one result of Egypt conquering Kush during the New Kingdom? A. B. C. D. Egyptians chose to worship Kush gods. Kushites adopted Egyptian ways of life. Egyptian civilization became very powerful. Kush civilization disappeared completely.

22. What can you conclude about Kush based on its location?

A. B. C. D.

It was a trading center. It was a center for the arts. It had a kandake as its leader. It had a large population.

23. What was Kush's capital city, Meroe, known for? A. B. C. D. producing iron advanced farming complex weaving making urns

24. If peasants were working from sun up to sun down in the field, they were probably working during what season? A. B. C. D. Flooding Season Planting Season Harvesting Season Monsoon Season

25. Which of the following is true about artisans? A. They were considered part of the upper class because of their skill. B. Most artisans were women C. They were often recognized for their work on royal tombs and temples. D. They specialized in any one of a number of crafts. 26. What was a key difference between government officials and peasants? A. Women could be the head of government households, but not peasant households B. Peasants emphasized a love for family life, government officials did not. C. Government officials believed in important burial rites, peasants believed only in the afterlife. D. Government officials enjoyed banquets for fun while peasants held festivals. 27. The relationship between Kush and Egypt can best be described as A. Friendly, both civilizations helped each other B. Unstable, both civilizations were attacked by the Assyrians C. Unfriendly, they never cooperated. D. Unstable, they were sometimes friends and sometimes enemies. 28. To your north is a small sea, to your south is another sea, and you are standing on a river. Surrounding you is desert. You are in what region? A. Kush B. Canaan C. Egpyt D. Lebanon 29. How did the farmers fertilize their field in ancient Egypt? A. They waited for the Nile to flood B. They used manure from animals C. They created irrigation systems D. They planted fertilizer during the planting season 30. The order of Egypts social structure, beginning from the top and going down was A. Pharaoh, Government Officials, Priest Scribe, Artisan, Peasant B. Pharaoh, Priest, Government Officials, Scribe, Artisan, Peasant C. Pharaoh, Government Officials, Scribe, Priest, Artisan, Peasant D. Pharaoh, Scribe, Government Officials, Priest, Artisan, Peasant

31. What social group is seen in the picture? How do you know? Provide THREE pieces of evidence in your response.

32. All empires are destined to fail. Is this statement true? EXPLAIN why/or why not using TWO examples from class.

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