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Remedial Law Summer Reviewer ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007

Civil Cases Exclusive Original Municipal Trial Courts, etc. 1. Actions involving personal property valued at not more than P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila 2. Actions demanding sums of money not exceeding P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila Note: amount of sums of money demanded is exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs (IDALEC), the amount of which must be specifically alleged but the filing fees thereon shall be paid Note: damages will only be excluded if it is merely incidental to a principal action. If the claim for damages is the principal action then the amount of damages claimed shall be determinative of jurisdiction. 3. Probate proceedings, testate or intestate, where gross value of the estate does not exceed P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila 4. Admiralty and Maritime cases where the demand or claim does not exceed P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila 5. Actions involving title or possession of real property where the assessed value does not exceed P20,000 or P50,000 in Metro Manila 6. Provisional remedies in principal actions within their jurisdiction 7. Inclusion and exclusion of voters 8. Cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure a. Forcible entry and unlawful detainer actions, with jurisdiction to resolve the issue of ownership only to determine the issue of possession; irrespective of the QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor of damages or unpaid rentals sought to be amount are needed to see this picture. recovered. Where attorneys fees are awarded, the same shall not exceed P20,000 b. Other civil cases, except probate proceedings, where the total claim does not exceed P100,000 or P200,000 in Metro Manila. Regional Trial Courts 1. All actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim exceeds P200,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila; 2. Probate proceedings, both testate and intestate, where the gross value of the estate exceeds P200,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila; 3. In all other cases in which the demand, exclusive of IDALEC or the value of the property in controversy exceeds P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila 4. Actions Involving the title to or possession of real property or any interest therein, where the assessed value of the property involved exceeds P20,000 or P50,000 in Metro Manila, EXCEPT actions for forcible entry and unlawful detainer: 5. Subject of the litigation is incapable of pecuniary estimation; 6. In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions; 7. In all civil actions and special proceedings falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of Juvenile and Domestic Relations Courts and of the Court of Agrarian Relations as now provided by law 8. Under Sec 5.2 of Securities Regulation Code: a. Cases involving devices or schemes employed by or any acts of the board of directors, business associates, its officers or partnership, amounting to fraud and misrepresentation b. Controversies arising out of intra-corporate or partnership relations c. Controversies in elections or appointments of directors, trustees, officers or managers of such corporations, partnerships or associations d. Petitions of corporations, partnerships or associations to be declared in a state of suspension of payment Note: RTC used to have jurisdiction over all actions involving the contract of marriage and marital relations but such is now exclusive to the Family Courts
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Remedial Law Summer Reviewer ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007


Civil Cases Concurrent Municipal Trial Courts, etc. With RTC none Regional Trial Courts With SC Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and consuls With SC and CA Issuance of writs of certiorari, prohibition and mandamus against lower courts quo warranto and habeas corpus With MTC none With insurance commissioner claims not exceeding P100,000. Applicable if subject is not capable of pecuniary estimation, otherwise, jurisdiction is concurrent with MTC etc. Delegated Cadastral and land registration cases assigned by the Supreme Court where there is no controversy or opposition or in case of contested lands. The value does not exceed P100,000 Petition for Habeas Corpus or application for bail in criminal cases in the city or province where the RTC judge is absent

Special

Appellate

SC may designate certain branches of the RTC to try exclusively criminal cases, juvenile and domestic relations cases, agrarian and urban land reform cases not falling within the jurisdiction of any quasi-judicial body and other special cases in the interest of justice Cases decided by the lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdiction

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Remedial Law Summer Reviewer ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007


Criminal Cases Exclusive Original Municipal Trial Courts, etc. 1. Offenses punishable with imprisonment not exceeding 6 years regardless of the fine, accessory penalties and civil liability 2. Offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence 3. Offenses where the only penalty is a fine not exceeding P4,000 4. Offenses covered by Rules on Summary Procedure a. Violations of traffic laws, rules and regulations b. Violations of rental laws c. Violations of city or municipal ordinances d. Violations of BP 22 (Bouncing Check Law) e. All other Criminal cases where the penalty is imprisonment not exceeding 6 months and/or P1000 fine irrespective of other penalties or civil liabilities therefrom and offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence where the imposable fine does not exceed P10,000 Regional Trial Courts 1. Criminal cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal or body. a. Includes offenses punishable by imprisonment exceeding 6 years irrespective of the fine b. Includes criminal cases not falling within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan where none of the accused are occupying positions corresponding to salary grade 27. 2. Cases where the only penalty is a fine exceeding P4,000 3. Other laws which specifically lodge jurisdiction in the RTC a. law on written defamation or libel b. decree on intellectual property c. violations of Dangerous Drugs Act except when offenders are under 16 and there are Juvenile and Domestic Relations Courts in the province 4. Cases falling under the Family Courts in areas where there are no Family Courts All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdictions Criminal Cases 1. One or more of the accused is below 18 years of age but not less than 15 years of age 2. One of the victims is a minor at the time of the commission of the crime 3. Cases against minors under the Dangerous Drugs act 4. Violations of RA 7610 (Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act) as amended by RA 7658 5. Cases of domestic violence against women and children

Appellate

Family Courts Exclusive Original

Civil Cases 1. Petitions for guardianship, custody of children, habeas corpus in relation to the latter 2. Petitions for adoption of children and the revocation thereof 3. Annulment and declaration of nullity of marriage and those relating to marital status and property relations of husband & wife or those living together under different QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor status and agreements are needed to see this picture. 4. Petitions for support and/or acknowledgment 5. Summary judicial proceedings under Family Code 6. Declaration of status of children as abandoned, dependent or neglected, petitions for voluntary or involuntary commitment of children, matter relating to parental authority and other cases under PD603 and other related laws 7. Constitution of family home

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Remedial Law Summer Reviewer ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007


Exclusive Original Supreme Court Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against: a. CA b. COMELEC c. COA d. Sandiganbayan With CA a. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against RTC b. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against NLRC, but it should be filed with the CA first see St. Martin Funeral Home vs CA (GR130866 September 16, 1998) c. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against CSC, CBAA, CTA and quasi-judicial agencies, but it should be filed with the CA first Sec 4, Rule 65 With the CA and RTC a. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against lower courts and other bodies b. Petitions for Quo Warranto and habeas corpus With RTC Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and consuls By Notice of Appeal From the RTC or Sandiganbayan in all criminal cases involving offenses for which penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment, and those involving other offenses, although not so punished, that arose out of the same occurrence or were committed by the offender on QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor the same occasion. are needed to see this picture. Automatic Review in criminal cases where death penalty is imposed by the RTC or the Sandiganbayan Petition for Review on Certiorari a. Appeals from the CA b. Appeals from the Sandiganbayan on pure questions of law, except where the penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua, life imprisonment or death. Court of Appeals Actions for annulment of judgment of the RTC

Concurrent

With SC a. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against RTC b. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against NLRC, but it should be filed with the CA first see St. Martin Funeral Home vs CA (GR130866 September 16, 1998) c. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against CSC, CBAA, CTA and quasi-judicial agencies, but it should be filed with the CA first Sec 4, Rule 65 With the SC and RTC a. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against lower courts and other bodies b. Petitions for Quo Warranto and habeas corpus

Appellate

Ordinary Appeal by Notice of Appeal a. Appeals from RTC, except those appealable to the Supreme Court or Sandiganbayan b. Appeals from RTC on constitutional, tax, jurisdictional questions involving questions of fact which should be appealed first to the CA. c. Appeals from decisions and final orders of the Family Courts Petition for Review a. Appeals from Civil Service Commission (CSC) b. Appeals from RTC in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction, which are not a matter of right c. Appeals from CTA and quasi-judicial agencies d. Appeals from National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP)
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Remedial Law Summer Reviewer ATENEO CENTRAL BAR OPERATIONS 2007


c. Appeals from the RTC exercising original jurisdiction in the following cases: i. All cases in which the constitutionality or validity of any treaty, agreement, law, PD, proclamation, order, instruction or regulation is in question. ii. All cases involving the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, or toll, or any penalty imposed in relation thereto iii. All cases in which the jurisdiction of any lower court is in issue iv. Cases involving only an error or question of law e. Appeals from the office of the Ombudsman in administrative disciplinary cases

Special Civil Action of Certiorari filed within 30 days a. Against the COMELEC b. Against the COA

Exclusive Original

Sandiganbayan Sandiganbayan has exclusive original jurisdiction over the following: 1. Violation of RA 3019 (Anti-Graft) 2. Violation of RA 1379 (Ill Gotten Wealth) 3. Violation of Chapter 2, Section 2, Title 7, Book 2 of the RPC (bribery, etc) 4. Civil and criminal cases filed pursuant to and in connection with EO nos. 1, 2, 14, 14-A (Sequestration cases) 5. Other offenses committed by public officials and employees in relation to their office Provided that the offender is a public official occupying a position classified as salary grade 27 or higher and the offense was committed in connection with his office.

Appellate

Appellate jurisdiction over appeals from final judgments, resolutions and orders of regular courts where all the accused are occupying positions lower than salary grade 27 or not otherwise covered by the preceding enumeration.
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