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Individual Assignment Module N2: Disaster Management Information System Lecturer: Nur Mohammad Farda, M.Sc.


A DESIGN OF WEB-GIS APPLICATION FOR TOURISM Case Study: DKI Jakarta Province Introduction The usage of geographical data had been increased within few last years. The growth of information and technology provided with developing Internet connection might also influence that circumstance. Today, 2D and 3D visualizations of geographical data become very popular and not only used by computer expert, but also by broad community Internet users (Almer, 2006). The geographical data has become widely used to perform various applications, especially in tourism sector. Tourism information is predominantly based on geographically related information and therefore, the tourism and leisure industries are currently searching for ways how to explore the potential of technologies for presenting geographical data. The challenge within tourism information system is combining two different perspectives, i.e. the provider perspective and the user perspective. The providers (GIS specialist and representative of tourism board) tend to offer and try to re-use the existing geo-data from expert system. On the other hand, the users (tourists) are interested to get the geo-data, like maps or POI (Point of Interest) related to tourism on multiple platforms to their specific need (Almer, 2006). By the proclaimed of Visit Indonesia Program by Indonesian government since 2008, the tourism sector has attracts serious attention and continue to develop every year. The development of good tourism sector is not only determined by the unique tourism object, but also need to be provided by adequate and sufficient infrastructures, both physical (such road network, transportation modes, hotel or restaurant) or non-physical (such the availability of information). Jakarta as the capital of Indonesia offers a historical tourism-based, because its long historical record with the Netherlands colonial era. It is also known for its shopping and culinary tours, which attract more people to visit Jakarta year by year. This tourism sector needs to be equipped with sort of information as the promotion media as well as a helpful facility for guiding and navigating. Web 2.0 is used in this design because it can handle multiple platforms and performs more functions than Web 1.0 (Abdulaal, 2009). Web-GIS As we know GIS is a system which design to perform with spatial data. GIS also has a capability to process, operate, present, and analyse spatial data (Charter, 2008). On the other hand, Web is the implementation of the developing information technology. Web is a system of interlinked hypertext document which can be accessed through the Internet. With the nowadays technology, it is possible to integrate between GIS and Web. Web-GIS is a system to deploy and disseminate spatial data, and associated attributes using Internet. It is an integration of GIS and Internet technology which can make spatial information became more accessible.

As a system, Web-GIS constructed by several components, i.e. (Figure 1): Spatial database Web server Map/GIS server Mapping application

Figure 1. Components of Web-GIS (Source: De Silva).

Web-GIS for Tourism With the tremendous growth of the Web, the presentation of tourism products and services is a standard offering from the tourism and leisure industry. An innovative presentation of tourism information has to include the opportunity to present information on different output devices, has to consider the spatial context of the relevant data and to offer a customized, thematically and geographically information access. Web-GIS for Tourism, Study Case: DKI Jakarta Province Data input and layer Focusing on relevant tourism themes of the region the following data are relevant: Tours and tour points, such the coordinates of the most important waypoints, refuges and viewpoints. Tourist infrastructure, such info points, public facilities, sports facilities, etc. Places of interest, like castles, palaces, museums, excavations, etc. Table 1 shows detailed data input and layer with their attributes, which used in Jakartas tourism WebGIS.

Layer name Administration

Table 1. Data input/layer and attributes Attributes ID Sub-district name District name ID Road type Road name ID Name ID Type Name Rate ID Type Name ID Type Name ID Type Name ID Type Station name ID Type Name ID Name


Road network River network

Type of road network: Main road, Local road, Busway, Railroad, Highway


Type of hotel: Hotel, Motel, Guest house, Dormitory Rate: Five star hotel, Four star hotel, etc.

Shopping centre

Type of SC: Mall, Market, Mart, etc. Type of GO: Governor office, Mayor office, District office, etc. Type of health facility: Hospital, PUSKESMAS, POSYANDU, etc. Type of station: Bus station, Transjakartas shelter, Rail station Type of Bank: Bank or ATM Centre

Government office

Health facility


Bank Embassy

Source: Wibowo, et al., 2008

Data process The processing phase is being conducted after the whole data already been collected. Several activities during the data process phase are digitalising the input data, constructing database, constructing web design, and source-code development. Table 2 shows detail information related to the processing phase.
Process Digitalising input data Database construction Website construction Source-code development Table 2. Processing phase detailed activity Activities Remarks Plotting and digitizing input data Using GIS software such Arc View and ID placement in each data layer Arc GIS Attributes filling in each data layer Arranging database in detailed table for Using database software such MySQL data security Using web design software such Design website interface and features Dreamweaver Source-code building for database relation Using various software and language Build a source-code for visualise the program, such Ajax, PHP, and Alov map on the website

Main menu

Search facility

Map viewer

Web description The output of this information system is a Web GIS-based interface called Jakarta Tourism Map. According to the purpose of this map, the web contains various information related to the distribution of tour spots equipped with supporting infrastructures in DKI Jakarta Province. The web structured by several items, such Main Menu, Map Viewer, Information, and Search Facility. Those features are easily generated as Web 2.0 being used for this information system. Figure 2 shows the interface of Jakartas Tourism Web-GIS.

Information Figure 2. The interface of Jakarta Tourism Map (Source: Wibowo, 2008)

Search facility Search facility will help the user to find a specific place quickly. With the search facility the user do not need to search a certain place on the map. The users just need to put the name of a certain place or POI within the empty box, and then the web will show the referred place. The search facility works in two functions. The first function works on the Home page, where the user can shows a detail information related to a certain place or tour spot (Figure 3). The second function works in Map page, where the users will informed about the location of a certain place or tour spot (Figure 4). The second function also works as the navigation tool.

Search box

Detail information

Figure 3. Search function in Home page (Wibowo, 2008)

Search box

Searched place

Figure 4. Search function in Map page (Wibowo, 2008)

Link function As we know, the basic purpose of developing the web is to provide information which can be rapidly accessed by the users/clients. Thus, the web are usually equipped with link function, which can help the users easily and rapidly accessed the web information. As the common web, Jakarta Tourism Map also equipped with link function within the whole structure of the web. Specifically to this Web GIS, the link function integrates the certain place on the map and its detail information. Technically, the users simply do the right-click on a certain place in the map, and it will show the detail information of the place (Figure 5).

Detail information

Link function Figure 5. Link function of the web (Wibowo, 2008)

Reference Abdulaal, A. A. (2009). GIS in Web 2.0 Era. Fifth National GIS Symposium in Saudi Arabia. Almer, A., Schnabel, T., Stelzl, H., Stieg, J., and Luley, P. (2006). A Tourism Information System for Rural Areas Based on a Multi Platform Concept. James D. Carswell and Taro Tezuka (Eds.). Web and Wireless Geographical Information System. 6th International Symposium Proceedings, W2GIS 2006, Hong Kong, China. Charter, D. (2008). Konsep Dasar Web GIS. De Silva, R. (Unknown). Introduction to WebGIS. Geoinformatic Center, Asian Institute of Technology. Wibowo, A., Primananda, A., Putut, I., Suseno, W. (2008). Web-GIS Pariwisata Jakarta. A Paper for GISIC 2008. Department of Geography, University of Indonesia.