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# Sag Tension Calculation

## SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR

Temperature (degree) = 32 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= = E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 32 75 d*pr = sqrt(w2+Pr2)/w = t r - t1 1.76 1.76
o o

FOS. = 5.00

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m C

Temperature change = t= 0.00 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag =

K1 - EAt = -6.05E+02 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAt = 0.00E+00 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 3386.99 kg 7.10 m 55.38 Degree 4.03 m

Deflected

## Sag Tension Calculation

FOS =

3.35

OK

Converged

xn (T2)
2268.00 3.97E+03 3.47E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03

f(xn)
-3.10E+10 2.65E+10 3.11E+09 6.52E+07 3.08E+04 6.89E-03 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.82E+07 5.22E+07 4.02E+07 3.86E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07 3.85E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-1.71E+03 5.09E+02 7.73E+01 1.69E+00 8.00E-04 1.79E-10 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
3.97E+03 3.47E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03 3.39E+03

x2-x1
1.71E+03 Not Converged -5.09E+02 Not Converged -7.73E+01 Not Converged -1.69E+00 Not Converged -8.00E-04 Not Converged -1.79E-10 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

3386.993

## Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

## SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR

Temperature (degree) = 32 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 0 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= = E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 32 0 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

0 1

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= 0 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

K1 - EAt = -6.05E+02 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 1.48E+10 EAt = 0.00E+00 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 2268.00 kg 6.02 m 0.00 Degree 6.02 m 5.00 OK

## Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 2268 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03

f(xn)
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07 1.82E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03 2.27E+03

x2-x1
0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

## Sag Tension Calculation

Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

## SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR

Temperature (degree) = -5 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 full Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= = E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m -5 75 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

Given

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

1.76 1.76

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= -37 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

K1 - EAt = 1.16E+03 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAt = -1.76E+03 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 4007.53 kg 6.00 m 55.38 Degree 3.41 m 2.83 OK

Deflected

## Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 6.20E+03 4.73E+03 4.12E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03

f(xn)
-4.01E+10 1.48E+11 3.44E+10 4.65E+09 1.39E+08 1.39E+05 1.38E-01 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
1.02E+07 1.01E+08 5.63E+07 4.15E+07 3.90E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07 3.89E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-3.93E+03 1.47E+03 6.11E+02 1.12E+02 3.57E+00 3.57E-03 3.56E-09 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
6.20E+03 4.73E+03 4.12E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03 4.01E+03

x2-x1
3.93E+03 Not Converged -1.47E+03 Not Converged -6.11E+02 Not Converged -1.12E+02 Not Converged -3.57E+00 Not Converged -3.57E-03 Not Converged -3.56E-09 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

4007.531

## Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged

## SAG TENSION CALCULATION FOR CONDUCTOR

Temperature (degree) = 80 Wind Pressure (kg/m2) = 75 Span (m)= 300

1. Route Input ;
Span = l= 300 m

2. Conductor Input ;
Type = Outer Diameter = Area of CS = Unit Weight = Coeff. Linear Expansion = Modulus of Elasticity = Ultimate Strength = ACSR d= A= w= = E= Tu = BEAR 23.45 mm 326.10 mm2 1.214 kg/m 1.78E-05 per degree 8.20E+09 kg/m2 11340.00 kg

3. Formula ;
A.For Tension Calculation: Tr2 ( Tr - (K1 - E A t ) ) = l2 w2 qr2 E A / 24 K1 = T1 - (( l2 w2 q12 E A ) / ( 24 T12 )) T1 & Tr = Initial & Final Tension q1 & qr = Initial & Final Loading Factor t = Temperature Difference B.For Sag Calculation: S = w qr l2/ ( 8 Tr )

4. Initial Conditions ;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Assumed Tension = Wind on Conductor = Loading Factor =

Everyday temperature and still air t1 = 32.00 oC p1 = T1 = P1 = q1 = K1 = Sag = d*p1 = sqrt(w2+P12)/w = 0.00 kg/m2 2268.00 kg 0.00 kg/m 1.00 -605.08 6.02 m 80 75 d*pr = sqrt(w +Pr2)/w =
2 o

FOS. = 5.00

Given

5. Final Conditions;
Temperature = Wind pressure = Wind on conductor = Loading Factor = tr = pr = Pr = qr = C kg/m2 kg/m
o

1.76 1.76

t r - t1 Temperature change = t= 48 To solve cubic equation of Tr Newton Rapson Method is applied f(Tr) = Tr3 - aTr2 - b = 0 f'(Tr) = 3Tr2 - 2aTr Where a= b= Max. Tension allowed = Tr max = Tr = Final Tension = Sd = Final Deflected Sag = Deviation angle = Sv = Final Vertical Sag = FOS =

K1 - EAt = -2.89E+03 l2w2qr2EA/24 = 4.58E+10 EAt = 2.28E+03 Tu/2.5 4536 kg 2829.68 kg 8.50 m 55.38 Degree 4.83 m 4.01 OK

Deflected

## Sag Tension Calculation

Converged

xn (T2)
2268 2.94E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03

f(xn)
-1.93E+10 4.72E+09 1.40E+08 1.37E+05 1.31E-01 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

f '(xn)
2.85E+07 4.30E+07 4.05E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07 4.04E+07

f(xn)/ f'(xn)
-6.75E+02 1.10E+02 3.47E+00 3.39E-03 3.23E-09 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00 0.00E+00

xn+1
2.94E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03 2.83E+03

x2-x1
6.75E+02 Not Converged -1.10E+02 Not Converged -3.47E+00 Not Converged -3.39E-03 Not Converged -3.23E-09 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged 0.00E+00 Converged

2829.676

## Sag Tension Calculation

Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Not Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged Converged