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English Task

y Preposition y Verbs+V(ing) y Verbs+(to infinitive) y Descriptive Text

Sangga Tirakat X-1 SMAN 3 Bandung 7/22/2011


List of Prepositional Phrases Prepositional phrases can be made of single words, two words or three words. The list is indeed long. The most important aspect of a prepositional phrase is, correct placement. A grammatically correct sentence conveying the desired meaning can be structured by choosing the right preposition and its appropriate use. Here's the prepositional phrases list that will assist you. Single Word Prepositions
y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

abroad about absent above across after against along alongside amidst around among amongst aside astride as at athwart atop before behind barring below beneath besides before beneath beside between betwixt beyond by but concerning

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

including into like minus mid next near notwithstanding of off on opposite onto outside out over pace per plus past pro qua regarding round since save than throughout through than till to times towards

y y y y y y y y y y y y y

circa down despite during excluding except failing following for from given in inside

y y y y y y y y y y y y y

toward unlike under underneath up until via versus vice with within worth without

Double Word Prepositions

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

along with ahead of according to as of as per aside from as regards because of close to due to except for far from far away inside of next to near to on to out from owing to out of outside of pursuant to prior to regard of regardless of subsequent to thanks to that of

Triple Word Prepositions

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

as well as as far as by means of in addition to in accordance with in case of in front of in lieu of in point of in place of on behalf of on account of on top of with respect to with regard to

Functions of Prepositions Given above was the list of prepositional phrases. Before embedding it in sentences, you ought to know how do prepositions function. They can function as adjectives, adverbs, verbs and nominals. Check out the following sentences to make correct use of prepositions. Prepositions as Adjectives When prepositions function as adjectives, they play the role of modifying the nouns. For example: Look at the girl with golden hair. In this sentence, the preposition, with, placed just before the adjective, golden, functions to modify the noun, hair. Prepositions as Adverbs When prepositional phrases function as adverbs, they modify the verbs. For example: The tiger runs after the rabbit. In this sentence, the preposition, after, modifies the verb, runs. Prepositions as Verbs When prepositions act as a verb, it gives an idiomatic expression to the sentence. It is a combination of verb and preposition that makes a new verb

having a distinct meaning. The preposition in a prepositional verb is preceded by a noun or pronoun. Thus, a prepositional verb is always transitive. In case of such phrases, the object is also placed after the prepositional verb. For example: Ariel has cared for her sister. In this sentence, cared for is the prepositional verb, and sister is the noun. Few other examples of prepositional verbs are:believe in, send for, rely on, look at, care about, care for etc. Prepositions as Nominals There are some words that function as noun, but they are not actually nouns. Such words are called nominals in English grammar. They function as nominals when they are placed before prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases often play an important role when they are used in conjunction with a verb. For example: The school is next to the park. In this sentence, next to is the preposition, that acts as nominal. While this sentence, The melodrama is before the last scene, shows that the preposition, before, is a conjunction with the verb.

Verb + V(ing):
Here are some verbs that are followed by a V(ing). (These verbs can be followed by any V(ing). The V(ing) used in these sentences are only examples.) I admit losing the combination to the safe. I advise finding a good lawyer. I don't anticipate waiting very much longer. I appreciate hearing a good joke. I avoid flying as much as I can. Would you consider selling your share of the company? We will delay signing an agreement. I deny saying that. We must discuss hiring more people. I dislike eating alone. I enjoy talking with new people. I fear losing his confidence. When I finish typing this, I'll help you. I gave up explaining my position to them. I often go dancing. I can't help thinking that we could have done better. I can't imagine spending that much money.

Business trips involve waiting in airports and staying in hotels. They keep saying that, but they don't do anything about it. Did I mention seeing him yesterday? I don't mind working on the weekend. I will miss seeing you around. They postponed starting construction until next year. You should practice using set phrases. I quit smoking six years ago. I recall meeting him a long time ago. I don't recollect being there. I recommend having the New York steak. I resent having to sign in each morning. I couldn't resist telling them. We should not risk losing their trust. I hope they stop making so much noise so I can get some sleep. He suggested starting my own agency. They won't tolerate trading insider information.

Verb + Infinitive
Here are some verbs that are followed by an infinitive. (These verbs can be followed by any infinitive. The infinitives used in these sentences are only examples.) We can't afford to remain outside the market. Should we agree to buy from them? It appears to be a mistake. I will arrange to talk with them as soon as possible. I asked to see the manager about it. I beg to differ with you, sir. Would you care to try a California wine? They claim to make the best potato chips in the world. We will never consent to allow your name to be put on our product. Finally, I decided to do it myself. I demand to know who is responsible for this! He deserves to get a promotion. She expects to hire an apprentice. Do not fail to let us know your decision. If you have trouble, don't hesitate to call us for help. We hope to begin by next week.

I intend to go home early. He learned to speak English as a child. You managed to overlook something. Did you mean to put my report in the waste basket? I need to talk to an expert. They offered to buy the rest from us. We plan to expand our product range. Are you prepared to explain this disaster? I don. t pretend to know all the answers. I promise to do my best. He refuses to answer my calls. He seems to be the one who is in charge. We had to struggle to open the window. Do you swear to keep this a secret? They threatened to sue us if we didn't pay their fee. No one volunteered to clean up after the picnic. I cannot wait to see the expression on his face when he hears the news. I want to find the right person for this job. I do not wish to be a part of your scheme.

Example of Descriptive text

Bandengan Beach Bandengan Beach or Tirta Samudra Beach is the famous beach in jepara. the place is very beautiful and romantic. people around Jepara, Kudus, Demak knows this place. This place is located 7 kilometers north of Jepara city center. The way to get there is very easy. Just follow the traffic sign and you will find it. From the town square, follow the road to Bangsri then turn left when reached kuwasen village. You can take public transportation or by your own vehi cle. The white sandy beach which has pure water is good for swimming. The beach is save enough for swimming because the beach is shallow and the wave is not so big. This place is more beautiful at dusk. We can see the beautiful sunset with our family or friends. In this location, we can sit and relax on the shelter while enjoy the natural beach breezy wind. It also has large pandan tree field. It is suitable for

youngster activities such as camping. If we want to sail, we can rent the traditional boat owned by local people. We can make voyage around the beach or we can go to pulau panjang (panjang island). Some time we can find banana boat and jet ski for rent. In this place we can find many traditional footstalls. We can order traditional foods sold by the trader such as roasted fish, crab, boiled shell. Pindang srani is one of the delicious food enjoyed by the visitors. come to the bandengan beach and you will find a paradise on the tips of Muria peninsula.