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# Information Technology and Computing Program T175A Spring 2011, TMA Total marks: 60

M150-MTA 1-Version 1

## Question One (14 marks)block)

Question Two (16 marks) a) How many bits per second can a network of 458kbps transmit ? ( Show steps of calculation) Kbp s =1000 bps =>kbps = 458*1000 = kbps = 458.000bps.

b=Find out the equivalent storage capacity in bytes and then in bits of a 12.3 MB of storage. (Show the steps needed for each calculation (3mark12..3MB

= 12..3 X 1024 KB

## = 12595.2 KB = 12595.2 X 1024 BYTE = 12897484.8 BYTE = 12897484.8 X 8 BITS = 825439001.6

(5.0 x 9.8) x 105+9 ) \(2.0 x 1012) = (49 x 1014) \ (2.0 x 1012) = (49 \ 2.0) x1014-12 = 24.5 x 102 = 2.45 x 101 x 102 = 2.45x 103 = 2.45x 103 Round to 2 =2.45x 103 =2.5x 103
(4 marks) d. Estimate how man times larger the storage of a flash of compared to the storage of a CD-R of 700 MB.
2 GB is,

## HOW MANY TIMES =2147484648 \ 734003200= = 2.93 BYTES

E=> Estimate how man times larger the storage of a flash of 2 GB is, compared to the storage of a CD-R of 700 MB. 19/1000=0,019 =1/0,09= 0,019 *100 =1,9%

c.

Use the sh t-cut meth d to evaluate the followin , write the result in scientific notation then round it to 2 significant digits: (show the steps in details)((5.0 x 105) x (9.8 x 10 9) )/ (2.0 x 10 12)

IS Wi-Fi is wireless technology that uses radio waves to provide high speed connection ,between sender &receiver. Also it has Basic Requirements of Wi -Fi such as ,High Speed Access ,and NIW getaway ,Wireless local area NIW , also Signal Transmission . The Wi-Fi Advantages Fast ,practical ,help people on the go if wi - fi router is near .also Wi-Fi Disadvantages Has problems with privacy .it is not that secure ,Scientists say that it could be brain damaging

The first essay .WI FI they have more basic Requirements of wi fi .the first one Access Point it is job is to broad cuts the wireless signals to other devices. Also Wi-Fi

Radio converts radio waves into binary code then convert the binary cod back into radio waves Frequency Range 2.4GHZ or 5GHZbecause of it is high frequency they can deliver more data . WIMAE 4G advanced wireless communication technology came to replace wi fi .it is digital communication system know as IEEE 80216, IT PROVIDES BROAD BAND WIRELESS ACCESS ->up to 30miles wimax is an alternative to DSL& Cable advantages , low cost ,fast connectivity c over alarg area ,No need for cable services . Disadvantages ,rquires ,strong electrical support . How does WiMAX work :wimax Tower :wimax receiver Satellite ,physical object that rotates around the earth

Types of satellite passive satellite & active satellite Satellite A application Satellite Services ,Antisatellite Satellite is communication it is point ,and used a repeater mobile

such as ,fixed

communication Elements

## Satellite Stabilized 1)MEO LOW EARTH ORBITS

**References**

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broad cast Satellite &ground station

## 1. ^Wireless Home Networking with Virtual WiFi Hotspot"

2. ^ . The Wi-Fi Alliance has also develop some core technology that has expanded the applicability of Wi-Fi, including a simple set up protocol (Wi-Fi Protected Set Up) and a peer to peer connectivity technology (Wi-Fi Peer to Peer) "Wi-Fi Alliance: Organization". www.wi-fi.org. http://www.wi-fi.org/organization.php. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 3. ^"Wi-Fi Alliance: White Papers". www.wi-fi.org. http://www.wifi.org/wp/wifi-alliance-certification/. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 4. ^"Wi-Fi Alliance: Programs". www.wi-fi.org. http://www.wifi.org/certification_programs.php. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 5. ^GainSpan specifically designs for Wi-Fi technology between Wi-Fi devices. Extremely useful. "GainSpan low-power, embedded Wi-Fi". www.gainspan.com. http://www.gainspan.com/technology/technology_overview.php . Retrieved 2010. 6. ^ abOxford English Dictionary (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1989. ISBN 0198611862. 7. ^"Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance (WECA) Awards New WiFi Interoperability Certification". Wi-Fi Alliance. 2000-05-08. http://www.wifi.org/news_articles.php?f=media_news&news_id=64. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 8. ^"Six Wi-Fi Interoperability Certifications Awarded By The Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance (WECA)". Wi-Fi Alliance. 2000-07-19. http://www.wifi.org/news_articles.php?f=media_news&news_id=62. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 9. ^ abc"Securing Wi-Fi Wireless Networks with Todays Technologies". Wi-Fi Alliance. 2003-02-06. http://www.wifi.org/files/wp_4_Securing%20Wireless%20Networks_2-6-03.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 10. ^ ab"WPA Deployment Guidelines for Public Access Wi-Fi Networks". Wi-Fi Alliance. 2004-10-28. http://www.wifi.org/files/wp_6_WPA%20Deployment%20for%20Public%20Access_ 10-28-04.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-30.

11. ^"Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) Technology". ITAA. January 2004. http://www.itaa.org/isec/docs/innovation/wifiwhitepaper.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 12. ^ abc"WiFi isn't short for "Wireless Fid elity"". boingboing.net. 2005-1108. http://www.boingboing.net/2005/11/08/wifi_isnt_short_for_.html. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 13. ^ ab"Wireless Fidelity' Debunked". Wi-Fi Planet. 2007-04-27. http://www.wi-fiplanet.com/columns/article.php/3674591. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 14. ^ U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. [verification needed ] 15. ^"What is the True Meaning of Wi -Fi?". Teleclick. http://www.teleclick.ca/2005/12/what-is-the-true-meaning-of-wifi/. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 16. ^"Switch on for Square Mile wi-fi". news.bbc.co.uk. 2007-04-23. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/techn ology/6577307.stm. Retrieved 2007-11-08. 17. ^"MuniWireless " City Initiatives Directory". www.muniwireless.com. http://www.muniwireless.com/initiatives/2008/01/02/7483/. Retrieved 2008-03-12.[dead link] 18. ^"Wi-Fi: Poskytovatel bezdrtovho p ipojen". internetprovsechny.cz. http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.inter netprovsechny.cz%2Fwifiposkytovatele.php&hl=cs&ie=UTF8&sl=cs&tl=en. Retrieved 2010-0910. 19. ^"Bezdrtov p ipojen k internetu". bezdratovepripojeni.cz. http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bezd ratovepripojeni.cz&hl=cs&ie=UTF8&sl=cs&tl=en. Retrieved 2008-0518. 20. ^"Mifi vs Joikuspot". mificlub.com. http://www.mificlub.com/2010/07/mifi-vs-joikuspot/. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 21. ^"Sunnyvale Uses MetroFi". unstrung.com. http://www.unstrung.com/document.asp?doc_id=85119&WT.svl=w ire1_1. Retrieved 2008-07-16.

22. ^"Minneapolis moves ahead with wireless". The Star Tribune. December 5, 2010. http://www.startribune.com/business/111286134.html. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 23. ^"London-wide wi-fi by 2012 pledge". BBC News. 2010-05-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/8692103.stm . Retrieved 2010-05-19. 24. ^"City of London Fires Up Europe's Most Advanced Wi -Fi Network". www.govtech.com. http://www.govtech.com/dc/118717. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 25. ^"London gets a mile of free Wi-Fi". .zdnet.co.uk. http://www.zdnet.co.uk/news/networking/2005/04/18/londongets-a-mile-of-free-wi-fi-39195421/. Retrieved 200-04-18. 26. ^"Wi-Fi Origins". http://www.cmu.edu/homepage/computing/2009/summer/wi-fiorigins.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-16. 27. ^http://www.drexel.edu/catalog/general/aboutuniversity.htm 28. ^"Wi-Fi Direct allows device-to-device links". http://www.networkworld.com/news/2009/101409-wi-fidirect.html?hpg1=bn. 29. ^"Wi-Fi gets personal: Groundbreaking Wi -Fi Direct launches today". WiFi Alliance. 2010-10-25. http://www.wifi.org/news_articles.php?f=media_news&news_id=1011. Retrieved 2011-01-15. 30. ^"Wi-Fi Finder". jiwire.com. http://www.jiwire.com/search-hotspotlocations.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 31. ^"802.11n Delivers Better Range". Wi-Fi Planet. 2007-05-31. http://www.wi-fiplanet.com/tutorials/article.php/3680781. 32. ^ See for example IEEE Standard 802.15.4 section 1.2 scope 33. ^"WiFi Mapping Software: Footprint". Alyrica Networks, Inc.. http://www.alyrica.net/node/20. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 34. ^ Wilson, Tracy V.. "How Municipal WiFi Works". computer.howstuffworks.com. http://computer.howstuffworks.com/municipal-wifi.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-12.

35. ^"Ermanno Pietrosemoli has set a new record for the longest communication Wi-Fi link". http://interred.wordpress.com/2007/06/18/ermanno-pietrosemolihas-set-a-new-record-for-the-longest-communication-wi-fi-link/. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 36. ^"Wireless technology is irreplaceable for providing access in remote and scarcely populated regions". http://www.apc.org/en/news/strategic/world/wirelesstechnology-irreplaceable-providing-access. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 37. ^"Long Distance WiFi Trial" (PDF). http://www.eslared.org.ve/articulos/Long%20Distance%20WiFi%20 Trial.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 38. ^"Quatech Rolls Out Airborne Embedded 802.11 Radio for M2M Market". http://edageek.com/2008/04/18/embedded-wifi-radio/. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 39. ^"CIE article on embedded WiFi for M2M applications" . http://www.cieonline.co.uk/cie2/articlen.asp?pid=1810&id=19742. Retrieved 2008-08-27.[dead link] 40. ^"802.11 X Wireless Network in a Business Environment -- Pros and Cons.". NetworkBits.net. http://networkbits.net/wirelessprinting/80211-g-pros-cons-of-a-wireless-network-in-a-businessenvironment/. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 41. ^Bernstein, Daniel J. (2002). "DNS forgery". http://cr.yp.to/djbdns/forgery.html . Retrieved 2010-03-24. "An attacker with access to your network can easily forge responses to your computer's DNS requests."