You are on page 1of 9

Vedic: Vastu Vedha

M. M. Mistry, India

V astu Vedha Dosh’ ‐ generally

Vedha is obstruction to the
building and Dosh are defects in
plot or building. Vastu Vedha Dosh can
also mean defects due to obstruction or
workmanship. These are simply listed
without offering any elaborated
explanation of the terms used by the
ancients in ‘VASTUNIGHANTU’ text
book, covering the chapter on Vastu
Vedha. The first part on the subject has
appeared in Vol2 of this magazine dated
May 2008.

The defects can be Natural or Manmade.

M. M. Mistry 71 yrs old & hails from Natural defects are recorded in various
treatises covering: shape, size and slope of
Baroda, India. He is a graduate in the land or plot, nearby hill or ditch, water
Architecture from M. S. University, Baroda. body or a source of ground water. Vertical
He Was Asst. Director in National Building obstructions can be a tree, a pole, a
Organization Later promoted to Deputy building or a temple. Horizontal
Director - Designs in same organization. obstructions such as a road perpendicular
Took voluntary retirement and joined or adjacent to the building or a plot, a
Building Materials Technology Promotions corner, a wall, a water channel and so on.
Council, New Delhi as Chief of Planning &
Man made defects can be categorized in
Design. He started learning astrology in two: [1] Planning [2] Constructional.
1964 & Vastu from 1974 onward. 1. Planning: The type of defects may
occur at design stage in respect of
orientation of functional spaces,
elements and components, design of
components, selection of horizontal
and vertical dimensions,
neighborhood buildings, roads, trees
and machines/machinery etc. and
shadow of tree or any tall structure.
2. Constructional: Heights of plinth,
rooms, lintels, floors and storey

heights; placement of obstructions to the penetration of light and air into the building. The
size of columns, beams and roofing components as well orientation of these elements and
components such as door sets and window sets. The elements acting as obstructions to
vision or are casting shadows at different hours of the day on the building or in the well.

F orty one types of Vedha Dosh are propounded and pointed out. The Vastu Dosh is
related to the piece of land‐plot and structure erected on it. The chapter on Vedha
Dosh emphasizes more on manmade obstructions than natural and construction
defects occurring during execution work. Vedha Dosh mostly manifests as a combination of
more than one error/ Vedha in the plot and structure. Natural Vedha is more powerful than
the man‐made.

Vedha Dosh can be categorized in to four

[a] Horizontal planes: orientation of rooms. Building elements and components and its
[b] Vertical surfaces: building elements and components and its dimensions
[c] Apertures: openings like doors, windows, niches, lattices and
[d] Screens: walls, trees etc.

Terminology used in texts, covers very extensive and in depth meaning which shows
meticulous study. There by all building defects could be avoided by the Sthapati, Sutradhar,
Takshak, Vardhaki and other persons engaged in constructional activities. These are
rearranged in sequence of constructional mode of operations. The effort is made to interpret
the terminology in right sprit of constructional defects which may occur due to bad
workmanship practiced and carried out by the artisans on the site. These are enumerated as


1.0 eeZ os/k &okLrq iq:"k MARMA VEDHA‐ Vastu Purush

1.1 Vastu Purush is metaphysical form of man, adopted in designs of building. 1.2 Vastu
Purush has five main body parts such as 1.MUKHA‐ Mouth, 2.HRIDAYA‐ Heart,
3.NABHI‐Navel, 4.GUDA‐ Anus and 5. STAN‐ Nipples / Left & Right portion of the
Breast. Some authorities have considered SHIRSHA‐forehead as the 6th part.
1.3 Placement of any building envelopment or load transferring components or elements like,
door‐sets, walls, beams or columns are prohibited on these body parts of the Vastu Purush.

2.0 eeZ os/k &okLrq foU;kl

MARMA VEDHA‐ Vastu Vinyas
2.1 ‘Vastu Mandal of 81 Pada’ is drawn with 9
horizontal and 9 vertical lines, known as Vastu
2.2 The meeting point of horizontal and vertical lines
is Sandhi‐lave/k. The crossing of horizontal and
vertical lines‐Marma‐eeZ, diagonal junctions of lines‐
Upa‐marma –mi eeZ and cross & junction point of
lines are called Maha‐ Marma ‐ egkeeZ
2.3 Building elements and components such as walls, pillars, beams or door‐sets should not
be placed on these sensitive points‐Sandhi or Marma or Upa‐marma of Vastu Vinyas.

3.0 fn’kk yksi DISHA MUDHA / DIGMUDHA /

3.1 Building not sited to true east‐ west direction after setting a
reference line of North Pole.


4.1 The horizontal and vertical lines forming square unit is Pada‐
in of Vastu Vinyas. These pada are not to right angles

5.0 dks.k os/k KONA VEDHA

5.1 Corner of the plot or building belonging to the adjunct owner
comes across the main door.

5.2 Corners or Junctions of building are not in right angles.

5.3 ‘L’ shape road is touching or faced from main entrance
door of the house.


6.1 A column is located exactly in centre of building or in a
room. [Brahma‐ Nabhi]
6.2 Placement of water pot/body or
a fire element is on the naval of
Vastu Purush.[ or even on the
region of Brahmsthan as per


7.1 Building elements such as Columns or Pillar or Piers are
placed on outer side of boundary lines of Pada Vinyas.

8.1 Centre line / Nabhi points of all floors are not coinciding in horizontal planes of the
building plan.
8.2 Center Line / Nabhi points of all floors are not coinciding in vertical planes.
8.3 They are staggered in plan and elevation, in one or both directions.

9.0 diky os/k KAPAL VEDHA

9.1 House has no verandah.
9.2 Residential or non‐residential building is without inner courtyard.
9.3 Structure on a plot is devoid of front open space.

10.0 leqyk os/k SAMULA VEDHA

10.1 Side wall of building is exceptionally long and rear
wall is shorter than front façade wall.

11.0 leqy @;epqYyh SAMUL / YAMACHULLI

11.1 Building having width dimension
less than depth measurements
11.2 Depth more than width
measurements is called Yamchulli.

12.0 vard os/k ANTAK VEDHA side less width.

12.2 Two adjoining houses or buildings having different widths,
creates Vedha.

13.0 ekufgu @ ekukf/kd MANA HIN / MANA ADHIK

13.1 Building dimensions are too small in comparison of ratios, or
13.2 Building dimensions too large in comparison to specified ratios
of dimensions in Vastu Shastra

14.0 nh?kZ @ g~Lo eku DIRGHA / HRASVA MANA VEDHA

4.1 Building width measurements are larger/smaller than prescribed
14.2 Building depth measurements are larger/smaller than linear
measurements as specified in SHASTRA‐Treatises.

15.0 dqf’kn KUKSHID VEDHA
15.1 Two buildings have different dimensions in row.
15.2 Adjoining building height, width and length
dimension differs.

16.0 LraHk os/k STHABHA VEDHA

16.1 Columns are not located on appropriate ‘Pada’‐ square
unit of Vastu Vinyas.
16.2 The size of columns in same row is different.
16.3 The columns are without pedestal/ base.
16.4 The columns in the same row are not located in the
center line on the floor.
16.5 Column /piers location is falling on the center line of
opposite door opening.

17.0 foÔe LraHk os/k VISHAM STAMBH VEDHA

17.1 The row of Columns / Pillars / Piers is in odd numbers on
width dimension of a house/ building or a temple.
17.2 Even numbers of pillars / piers can be on depth / longer
side has no Dosh.


18.0 ry@eku os/k TALA VEDHA / MANA
18.1 Floor level or plinth height of Alind/ Verandah or
Mandap is more than the reference height of plinth line
for a house or a building or a Gharbha Gruh of the temple.
[Sanctum Sanctorum]
18.2 Top surface of the Column Pedestal/Base or Door
Threshold vertical height is not in one level.
18.3 Horizontally, column
bases or thresholds are not
centered with reference line.
18.4 Building height is more in East direction and less in
West side.
This is known as PAVADOSH.
18.5 Top surface level of column capitols not uniform is a
18.6 Plot / Site level is lower than surrounding level of land or,
18.7 The surrounding land level is higher than building site.
This is called as SARVATALA Vedha.

19.0 le os/k SAMA VEDHA
19.1 Storey height of all floors is uniform in multi‐storied building.
19.2 Upper floor level, storey height should be 1/12 times less than lower floor
storey height.

20.0 mfPNªr os/k UCHCHHITA VEDHA

20.1 Height of front, middle and rear door of the building is large,
medium and small.
20.2 Lintel height of door openings differs in the building.

21.0 ry @ rkyq os/k TAL / TALU VEDHA

21.1 Top member of the door‐sets, window‐sets or Niches frame‐ head are not placed
uniformly on lintel reference line of a house or a building or a temple.
21.2 Wooden beams and planks are not placed uniformly in reference line of storey height for
a room.
21.3 The different size of planks such as thin and thick or up and down placement in a room
is known as TAL VEDHA.
21.4 Adoption of variable heights for lintel in the same building is TALU VEDHA.

22.0 rqyk os/k TULA VEDH

22.1 The sub beam or joists placed over main beam has no supporting pillar
underneath of the junction.
22.2 The number and size of wooden beams / Joists on each floor level
22.3 The size of these Joists / beams is not in proportionate measurements
as laid in texts.
22.4 Main beam placed over the head of door which is in center line of
22.5 In case of thatch roof, ridge beam or rafters or purlin happen to be
over the head and middle of door opening
22.6 The size of wooden main and sub beams or joists, non uniform and
placement up and down is known as SARVA TULA VEDHA.

23.0 rkyq os/k TALU VEDHA

23.1 Wooden beams in a room are placed up and down ‐ not in level to reference line of floor

[C] APERTURES: Openings‐ Doors and Windows, Jallis and Niches

24.0 n`f"V os/k DRISTHI VEDHA

24.1 House owner/users are not able to see front portion of the house/ building or ground or
court yard from inside or from outside.
24.2 The door height of the opposite house is too low or too high in
comparison to door height of the Main building.
24.3 The size and location of door for a temple is not conforming to
the rules of Vastu Sastra.

24.4 The building components such as doors and windows look awful or create uneasiness or
irritation at first sight.
24.5 The main door of the house or a building is exactly opposite to main door of other’s
24.6 The main door height of building is half than the height of door of the opposite house/
24.7 Occupants are able to see activities performed in opposite house or building. Privacy

25.0 ekxZ / ohFkh os/k MARGA/ VITHI VEDHA

25.1 Right of way through main house or plot to the owner of

property located on rear side.
25.2 Road or lane is located in front forming right angle to the
center of the main door opening.
25.3 Two houses or buildings or plots are served by a dead end
road or a road which is at right angle, called SARVA MARGA

26.0 o`{k os/k VRIKSHA VEDHA

26.1 Tree is located across on a right angle of main
entrance door opening.
26.2 Forbidden trees identified by texts are located very
near to the building or house or on a plot.
26.3 Existing trees having residence of ghost or goblins or
trees having sway of sprit
26.4 ihiy&Pipal, beyh‐Tamarind‐Emali or ckoG &
Babul trees are planted near by the house or building or
on a plot.

27.0 }kj os/k DWAR VEDHA

27.1 Main door is positioned in centre of the facade wall.
27.2 Door opening is in the mid of wall’s width of the
27.3 Rear or side wall of building has a door opening.
27.4 Door, window or grille frames are not installed uniformly in
the cross section of jambs of the same wall. These differ on face,
in centre or back in cross section of the wall.
27.5 Column or right angle of turning road or machine or small
temple is located in front of the main door. It is called SARVA

28.0 Loj os/k SWAR VEDHA

28.1 Noise created from door shutter.
28.2 Unwarranted sound in any part or portion of the building.

29.0 dhy os/k KIL VEDHA

29.1 Nail‐wooden or steel fixed over the middle of door sets in between space of ceiling and
29.2 Roof truss over the center line of door opening.

30.0 xt nar GAJADANT VEDHA

30.1 Wooden peg location in between the space of bottom
ceiling and above the lintel.

31.0 f’kjks @ diky SHIRO / KAPAL VEDHA

31.1 Wooden main beam or Sub beam of floor is placed exactly over the centre
of door opening or a top member of door.

32.0 Hkze os/k BHRAMA VEDHA

32.1 Any kind of machines such as water mill or oil mill driven by animal is in front of the
main door.

33.0 fniky; os/k DIPALAYA VEDHA

33.1 Lamp niche on right side of the door shutter/opening is not in
the line with locking arrangement.

34.0 dwi os/k KUP VEDHA

34.1 Well exactly on the center line of main door opening.

35.0 nsoLFkku@ LFkkud DEVSTHAN VEDHA

35.1 Small temple exactly on the centre line of main door opening.
35.2 God or Deity temple in accordance to prescribed direction in SHASTRA, but the
building facade is exactly in opposite direction.

36.0 foHkze os/k VIBHRAMA VEDHA

36.1 Door opening is only on one of the longer wall of a house or a building or a temple.


37.0 Fkj Hkax os/k THAR BHANG VEDH

37.1 Brick masonry or stone Ashlars work layers are not in a
level or in the line.
37.2 Brick masonry or stone Ashlars work horizontal joints are uneven in layers.

38.0 Jsf"V Hkax @ Hkax os/k SHRESTHI BHANG VEDHA

38.1 Brick or stone or block size or courses and layers are
broken and non uniform in the building or temple.
38.2 Vertical joints of Masonry or Ashlars work are uneven
and non uniform.

39.0 x`g la?kë os/k GRIH SANDHATTA Vedha Dosh may be called as ‘Code of
VEDHA practice for building construction’. It is
relevant in present day also with change of
materials and construction technology.

Ancient Acharyas have formulated these

Vedha Dosh Norms for quality control in
designs and workmanship employed in
construction of the buildings whether it is
meant for Gods or Mankind.

39.1 Two buildings or Twin houses have a Nature –the Eco –cosmos systems are in
longitudinal common wall. mutually balanced state. The Vedic
expression is being ‘Purna’‐ iq.kZ
40.0 [kkfnd@ [kknd os/k KHADAKA / completeness. Vastu is extension of nature
KHADIK VEDHA to house man. It has been a deep endeavor
of the ancients not to commit any act of
error or obstructions. Vastu Vedha Dosh
forms a very important aspect of
‘Sthaptya’ Veda

To Be Continued…………..
40.1 Two buildings have a common rear

41.0 Nk;k os/k

41.1 Tree casts
the shadow on Scorpio Ascendant native, having
house or a 4th Lord Saturn conjoining Venus in
building. the 5th House of Pisces (Venus exalts in
41.2 Flag of temple or temple casts shadow Pisces) will make the native skillful in
on the house / building.
astrology, philosophy. He would be
41.3 Shadow of house or building or temple
or tree falling in the well before 0900 hours intelligent & happy.
and after 1500 hours is SARVA CHHAYA - Chandra Kala Nadi
Should the 5th lord from the
Besides providing Sukha and Suvidha to
ascendant be in Hastha Nakshatra the
the occupants of the building, the Vastu
experts were also concerned with a best
native will face many impediments in
quality in carpentry and masonry
obtaining progeny, mercury though
workmanship and also building designs would be an exception - An R.
free from natural Vedha Dosh. They Santhanam saying
desired perfection in designs and execution
of buildings. Defects were visualized and
anticipated during construction. Therefore,