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HEALTH CARE TECHNOLOGY AHS 1011 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY COURSE SYLLABUS Online Instructor: Office location: Mrs.

Schvon Bussey, BSN, RN Building C, Room 306 Albany Technical College 1704 South Slappey Blvd. Albany, Georgia 31701 sbussey@albanytech.edu 229-430-2832

Email address: Office phone number: Office hours:

Wednesday 8:00-4:00 Thursday: by appointment Friday: 3:00- 4:00 Course Name/Number: AHS 1011 Anatomy and Physiology Program Of Study: Prerequisite: Credit hours: Class hours: Textbook: Allied Health Careers Provisional Admission 5 50

Scanlon, Valerie & Sanders, Tina (5th Ed.) (2007). Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company ISBN No. 0-8036-1007-6 Scanlon, Valerie & Sanders, Tina (5th Ed.) (2007). Student Workbook for Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company ISBN No. 0-8036-1008-4

MISSION: Albany Technical College, a public postsecondary institution of the Technical College System of Georgia, provides technical education and training support for evolving workforce development needs of Southwest Georgia. To accomplish this mission, the college utilizes traditional, on-line and distance learning methods. The following purposes of Albany Tech are based on the concept that education benefits individuals, businesses, and the community. To provide quality competency-based associate degree, diploma, and technical certificates of credit programs that prepare students for employment in business, technical sciences, allied health, personal services, and industrial careers. To provide basic adult education and development programs to help adults improve life skills and prepare for continued education and training.

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To contribute to the technological advancement of area businesses and industry through education and training. To offer comprehensive continuing education courses and programs for the advancement of skills, knowledge, and personal growth.

COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course focuses on basic normal structure and function of the human body. Topics include: medical terms describing the human body and structure and function of the human body. COMPETENCY AREAS: I. II. Medical Terms Describing the Human Body Structure and Function of the Human Body

Hours Competency After completing this section, the student will: Class 10 D.Lab 0 P.Lab/ O.B.I. 0

MEDICAL TERMS DESCRIBING THE HUMAN BODY Patient information usinga knowledge of anatomical terminology

Describe anatomical position. Define and use the principle directional terms in human anatomy. Identify on diagram, sagittal, transverse, and frontal sections of the body. Define and locate the principle regions and cavities of the human body.

Word elements and medical terminology

Give the definition of a selected group of prefixes, root combining forms, and suffixes. Write the meaning of a selected list of medical terms.

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY General plan and structure of the human body Define anatomy and physiology. Identify the structure of a cell tissue, organ, and system, and explain the relationship among these structures as they constitute an organism. Define the term homeostasis and metabolism. Differentiate between inorganic and organic compounds and give examples of each. Revised April 2008

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Chemical elements and the human body

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Hours Competency After completing this section, the student will: Explain and distinguish among passive and active processes. Contrast acids and use pH scale in describing acidity and alkalinity of a solution. Identify the biologically significant elements from a given list by their chemical symbols and summarize the main functions of each in the body. Basic structure and function of systems for body integration and coordination: endocrine, nervous, and sensory systems Class D.Lab P.Lab/ O.B.I.

Locate the principle endocrine glands, and identify the principle hormone and functions.

Define the endocrine gland and hormone, and describe how the endocrine system works to maintain homeostasis. Describe the negative feedback mechanism. Describe the mechanism by which the hypothalamus links the nervous and endocrine systems. Identify the general functions of the nervous system. Explain the anatomical and functional classification of the nervous system. Identify types of neurons and describe their functions. Identify parts of a neuron. Describe the physiology of a nerve impulse. Describe structures that protect the brain and spinal cord. Identify cranial nerves and give functions of each. Compare and contrast the sympathetic with the parasympathetic nervous system. Compare the effect of sympathetic with parasympathetic stimulation on a specific organ. Identify spinal nerves and define plexus. Name the principle areas and functions associated with the lobes of the cerebrum. Revised April 2008 3

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Hours Competency After completing this section, the student will: Identify parts of the brain. Describe the structure and functions of the three major parts of the ear Describe the structure and functions of the eye. Describe the physiology of vision. Trace sound waves through the ear Differentiate special and general senses. Describe tactile sensation and proprioception. Systems for maintenance of the body: cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and urinary systems Class D.Lab P.Lab/ O.B.I.

Describe the functions of the cardiovascular system.

Describe the major components of the cardiovascular system. Describe the location of the heart in relation to other organs of the thoracic cavity and the associated serous membranes. Label a heart identifying chambers, valves, and associated vessels of the heart. Trace flow of blood through the heart, and distinguish between the pulmonary and systemic circulation. Describe location of the parts of the conduction system of the heart, and trace the pathway of impulses initiation and conduction. Describe the components of blood in reference to two main parts and the functions of each. Explain the function of lymphatic systems as a subsystem to the circulatory system. Describe parts of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Trace the pathway of air into and out of the respiratory tract. Explain the physiology of breathing.

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Hours Competency After completing this section, the student will: Differentiate external and internal respirations. Differentiate chemical and mechanical digestion. Identify on diagram parts of the digestive system. List primary and accessory digestive organs. Briefly discuss physiology of all digestive organs. Relate the role of the autonomic nervous system to functioning of the digestive system. Associate location of the digestive organs with the front abdominal quadrants. Differentiate visceral and parietal peritoneum. Locate the parts of the urinary system on a diagram. Explain general functions of the urinary system Explain the relationships of the urinary system to the endocrine and circulatory system. Describe the structure and function of the nephron. Compare the urinary system of the female with that of the male. Identify the constituents of urine. Differentiate among secretion, filtration, and reabsorption. Body support and movement: musculoskeletal and integumentary systems Identify functions of the integumentary system. Class D.Lab P.Lab/ O.B.I.

Describe parts of the integumentary system. Explain two divisions of the skeletal system. Identify bones of the two divisions. Describe functions of the skeletal system.

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Hours Competency After completing this section, the student will: Explain relationships of the endocrine system to the skeletal system. Describe development of the skeletal system. List functions of the skeletal muscles. Identify three types of muscles. Describe criteria used for naming muscles. Name the muscles used for intramuscular injection sites. Differentiate tenuous ligaments, fascia. Explain functions of skeletal muscular system. Explain physiology of a muscle contraction. Describe kinds of movements possible as a result of skeletal muscle contraction and joint functioning. Systems for continuance of the species Describe the anatomy and physiology of the female duct system. Describe physiology of the ovary. Identify three parts of the uterus. Label diagram of the female reproductive system. Explain the hormonal control of the menstrual cycle. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the male duct system. Describe physiology of the testes. Relate the urinary system to the reproductive system of the males. Explain the relationship of endocrine functioning to the male reproductive system. Class D.Lab P.Lab/ O.B.I.

BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES: This course supports the ATC purpose by helping students to: 1. Name the organic molecules that make up cell membranes and state their functions. 6

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State the function of the nucleus and chromosomes. Describe the functions of the cell organelles. Describe each of the cellular transport mechanisms and give an example of the role of each in the body: diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion, active transport, filtration, phagocytosis, and pinocytosis. 5. Define mitosis and meiosis. 6. Explain and distinguish between passive and active processes. 7. Contrast acids and use pH scale in describing acidity and alkalinity of a solution. 8. Describe the general characteristics of each of the four major categories of tissues. 9.Describe the functions of the types of epithelial tissues with respect to the organs in which they are found. 10. Describe the functions of the connective tissues and relate them to the functioning of the body or a specific organ system. 11. Explain the differences, in terms of location and function, among skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle. 12. Describe the locations of the pleural membranes, the pericardial membranes, and the peritoneummesentery. 13. Describe the functions of serous fluid in each of these locations. 14. State the locations of mucous membranes and the functions of mucous. 15. Name some membranes made of connective tissue. 16. Describe the general functions of the digestive system, and name its major divisions. 17. Differentiate between chemical and mechanical digestive. 18. Identify on diagram parts of the digestive system. 19. Relate the role of the autonomic nervous system to functioning of the digestive system. 20. Associate location of the digestive organs with the front abdominal quadrants. 21. Differentiate between visceral and parietal peritoneum. 22. Describe absorption in the small intestine. 23. Explain the functions of the normal flora of the colon 24. Locate the parts of the urinary system on a diagram. 25. Explain general functions of the urinary system. 26. Explain the relationships of the urinary system to the endocrine and circulatory system. 27. Describe the structure and function of the nephron. 28. Compare the urinary system of the female with that of the male. 29. Identify the constituents of urine. 30. Differentiate among secretion, filtration, and reabsorption. 31. Describe how the kidneys help maintain normal blood volume and blood pressure. 32. Name and state the functions of the hormones that affect the kidneys. 33. Describe how the kidneys help maintain normal pH of blood and tissue fluid. 34. Describe the urination reflex, and explain how voluntary control is possible. 35. Describe parts of the integumentary system. 36. Describe the function of melanocytes and melanin. 37. Describe the function of hair and nails. 38. Describe the cutaneous senses and explain their importance. 39. Describe the functions of the secretions of sebaceous glands, ceruminous glands, and eccrine sweat glands. 40. Describe how the arterioles in the dermis respond to heat, cold, and stress. 41. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the female duct system. 42. Describe physiology of the ovary. 43. Identify three parts of the uterus. 44. Label diagram of the female reproductive system. 45. Explain the hormonal control of the menstrual cycle. 46. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the male duct system. 47. Describe physiology of the testes. 48. Relate the urinary system to the reproductive system of the male. 49. Explain the relationship of endocrine functioning to the male reproductive system. 50. Describe parts of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Revised April 2008 7

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Trace the pathway of air into and out of the respiratory tract. Explain the physiology of breathing. Differentiate between external and internal respiration. Explain the speaking mechanism. Name and describe the important air pressures involved in breathing. State the location of the pleural membranes, and explain the functions of serous fluid. Describe how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported in the blood. Name the pulmonary volumes and define each. Explain the nervous and chemical mechanisms that regulate respiration. Explain how respiration affects the pH of body fluids. Explain the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands, and give examples of each. Locate the principle endocrine glands, and identify the principle hormone and functions. Define the endocrine glands and hormones, and describe how the endocrine system works to maintain homeostasis. 64. Describe the negative feedback mechanism. 65. Describe the mechanism by which the hypothalamus links the nervous and endocrine systems. 66. Explain how the hypothalamus is involved in the secretion of hormones from the posterior pituitary gland and anterior pituitary gland. 67. Explain what prostaglandins are made of, and state some of their functions. 68. State the names and numbers of the spinal nerves, and their destinations. 69. Explain the importance of stretch reflexes and flexor reflexes. 70. Name the meninges and describe their locations. 71. Explain how the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system enables the body to adapt to stress situations. 72. Explain how the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system promotes normal body functioning in relaxed situations. 73. Identify the general functions of the nervous system. 74. Explain the anatomical and functional classification of the nervous system. 75. Identify types of neurons and describe their functions. 76. Identify parts of a neuron. 77. Describe the physiology of a nerve impulse. 78. Describe structures that protect the brain and spinal cord. 79. Identify cranial nerves and give functions of each. 80. Compare and contrast the sympathetic with the parasympathetic nervous system. 81. Compare the effect of sympathetic with parasympathetic stimulation on a specific organ. 82. Identify spinal nerves and define plexus. 83. Name the principle areas and functions associated with the lobes of the cerebrum. 84. Identify parts of the brain. 85. List the functions of the skeletal muscles. 86. Identify three types of muscles. 87. Identify muscles. 88. Describe criteria used for naming muscles. 89. Name the muscles used for intramuscular injection sites. 90. Differentiate between tendons, ligaments, and fascia. 91. Explain functions of skeletal muscular system. 92. Explain physiology of a muscle contraction. 93. Describe kinds of movements possible as a result of skeletal muscle contraction and joint functioning. 94. Name the organ systems directly involved in movement, and state how they are involved. 95. Describe the difference between anatagonistic and synergistic muscles, and explain why such arrangements are necessary. 96. Explain the role of the brain with respect to skeletal muscle. 97. Define muscle tone and explain its importance. 98. Name the energy sources for muscle contraction and state the simple equation for cell respiration. 99. Define muscle tone and explain its importance. 100. Name the energy sources for muscle contraction and state the simple Revised April 2008 8

51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63.

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101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118.

equation for cell respiration. Explain the importance of hemoglobin and myoglobin, oxygen debt, and lactic acid. Describe the neuromuscular junction and state the function of each part. Describe the structure of a sarcomere. Explain in terms of ions and charges: polarization, depolarization, repolarization. Describe the Sliding Filament Theory of muscle contraction. Describe some of the bodys responses to exercise and explain how each maintains homeostasis. Explain two divisions of the skeletal system. Identify bones of the two divisions. Describe functions of the skeletal system. Name the nutrients necessary for bone growth, and explain their functions. Name the hormones involved in bone growth and maintenance, and explain their functions. Explain what is meant by exercise for bones, and explain its importance. Explain how joints are classified, describe the movement and give examples of each type. Describe the parts of a synovial joint, and explain their functions. Explain relationships of the endocrine system to the skeletal system. Describe development of the skeletal system. Describe the functions of the cardiovascular system. Describe the major components of the cardiovascular system. 119. Describe the location of the heart in relation to other organs of the thoracic cavity and the associated serous membranes. 120. Label/describe the heart identifying chambers, valves, and associated vessels of the heart. 121. Trace flow of blood through the heart, and distinguish between the pulmonary and systemic circulation. 122. Describe location of the parts of the conduction system of the heart, and trace the pathway of impulse initiation and conduction. 123. Describe the cardiac cycle. 124. Explain how heart sounds are created. 125. Explain stroke volume, cardiac output, and Starlings Law of the Heart. 126. Explain how the nervous system regulates heart rate and force of contraction. 127. Describe the components of blood in reference to two main parts and the functions of each. 128. Name the hemopoietic tissues and the kinds of blood cells each produces. 129. State the function of red blood cells, including the protein and the mineral involved. 130. Name the nutrients necessary for red blood cell production, and state the function of each. 131. Explain how hypoxia may change the rate of red blood cell production. 132. Describe what happens to red blood cells that have reached the end of their life span. 133. Name the ABO and Rh blood types. 134. Name the five kinds of white blood cells and the function of each. 135. State what platelets are, and explain how they are involved in homeostasis. 136. Describe the three stages of chemical blood clotting. 137. Explain how abnormal clotting is prevented in the vascular system. 138. State the normal values in a complete blood count. 139. Describe the structure of arteries and veins, and relate their structure to function. 140. Explain the purpose of arterial and venous anastomoses. 9

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141. Describe the structure of capillaries, and explain the exchange processes that takes place in capillaries. 142. Describe the pathway and purpose of pulmonary circulation. 143. Identify selected arteries and veins. 144. Describe the pathway and purpose of hepatic portal circulation. 145. Define blood pressure, and state the normal ranges for systemic and pulmonary blood pressure. 146. Explain the factors that maintain systemic blood pressure. 147. Explain how the heart and kidneys are involved in the regulation of blood pressure. 148. Explain how the medulla and the autonomic nervous system regulate the diameter of blood vessels. 149. Describe the composition and explain the functions of blood plasma. 150. Explain the function of the lymphatic system as a subsystem to the circulatory system. 151. Describe how lymph is formed. 152. Describe the system of lymph vessels, and explain how lymph is returned to the blood. 153. State the locations and functions of the lymph nodes and nodules. 154. Explain what is meant by immunity. 155. Describe humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity. 156. Describe the responses to a first and second exposure to a pathogen. 157. Explain the difference between genetic immunity and acquired immunity. 158. Explain the difference between passive and acquired immunity. 159. Explain how vaccines work. 160. Describe the responses to a first and second exposure to a pathogen. 161. Explain the difference between passive acquired immunity and active acquired immunity. 162. Describe the structure and functions of the three major parts of the ear. 163. Describe the structure and functions of the eye. 164. Describe the physiology of vision. 165. Trace sound waves through the ear. 166. Differentiate special and general senses. 167. Describe tactile sensation and proprioception. 168. Explain the general purpose of sensations. 169. Name the parts of a sensory pathway, and state the function of each. 170. Describe the characteristics of sensations. 171. Name the cutaneous senses and explain their purposes. 172. Explain referred pain and its importance. 173. Explain the importance of muscle sense. 174. Describe the physiology of hearing. 175. Describe the physiology of equilibrium. 176. Explain the importance of the arterial pressure receptors and chemoreceptors. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES: Methods of Instructional Delivery: This course may be presented utilizing traditional and distance learning delivery methods. For webenhanced, hybrid, tele-tech, or online courses, students are expected to access their internet-based course site regularly to check for announcements, additional coursework or assignments, and other important information. This course is an online course. Please read the definition of this course type below. Definition of Course Type: Revised April 2008 10

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Online Online courses are taught using the Internet, with the bulk of the course content, activities and interactions occurring online. Internet-based content will include the Syllabus, assignment schedule, instructor contact information, textbook and required reading information, and Internet-based supplemental content or research links. Internet-based activities may include, but are not limited to, interactive discussions, testing, and research assignments. Generally, students are required to submit assignments or tests electronically via an e-mail account. Online courses may require an onsite component, which will be described in the course syllabus and assignment schedule. Attendance:

1. Class attendance is calculated from the first officially scheduled class meeting through the last
scheduled meeting. Students may not miss more than 10% of the scheduled class time. Students may not miss more than (5) instructional hours of this course. Failure to comply with these requirements may result in the student being dropped from the course. The student is encouraged to refer to the Student Handbook for further information regarding the Drop Policy.

2. Students will be required to submit weekly assignments according to the learning projected
schedule to be counted present for the week. 3. Students enrolled in web-enhanced, hybrid, tele-tech, or on-line courses are expected to access their courses internet-based website regularly to check for announcements, additional coursework or assignments, and other important information. Assignments are to be submitted in accordance with the Course Calendar and/or Learning/Assignments Schedule, which are an integral part of this Syllabus. If the students fails to submit an assignment when due or misses an exam and does not contact the instructor in a timely manner (either in person, or email, or telephone), a grade of zero may be issued for the assignment or exam. Students enrolled in online courses are required to communicate with the instructor at least one time each week during the quarter by e-mail or telephone. In addition, students are required to respond to e-mail inquiries initiated by the instructor within 48 hours of receipt of such e-mail. Failure to comply with these requirements may result in the student being dropped from the course. The student is encouraged to refer to the Student Handbook for further information regarding the Drop Policy.

4. The student will be required to come to the Albany Technical College campus to take the
midterm and final exams. There will be no make up exams. Dates and times of the exams are on the projected learning schedule (calendar). 5. The student should check the on-line course calendar for the last day to withdraw without a penalty.

Quality of Student Work:

1. Use of proper grammar, correct spelling, and writing principles are expected in all work.
will not be granted for work that contains grammar or spelling errors. Revised April 2008

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2.
3.

No assignments will be accepted late. The letter grade for a late assignment is a zero. Tests are objective and may consist of multiple-choice, fill in the blank, true/false questions, matching. Some tests may have diagrams to label.

4. An additional component to this course may require that each student submits a formal written paper using references available in the library media center. Some of these resources include: books, articles, and electronic resources (Galileo). Students will be directed to the library media center located in building B to access resources. Paper guidelines will be discussed by instructor. 5. All students are required to purchase a textbook and a workbook for this class.

6. The instructor will only reset ONE quiz online during the quarter for the students who may have
gotten placed offline.

7. Each weekly quiz is set for forty (40) minutes. Each minute over the forty minutes will result in
deductions of 5 points per minute off the quiz grade.

EVALUATION: The following grading scale will be utilized in the determination of the students course grade. Percentage of Points Earned 90 100 80 89 70 79 60 69 0 59 Corresponding Letter Grade A B C D F

The students knowledge of the material presented in this course will be evaluated based on the satisfactory completion of all assigned work. The student will also be examined on their knowledge of the objectives outlined in each Lesson, as presented in the Projected Learning Schedule, which is an integral part of this Syllabus. Interim Examinations may require the completion of written or on-line objective examinations, as well as completion of performance-based assessment instruments. A Final Examination will be administered to on-site and on-line students during the final week of regularly scheduled classes. The Final Examination will include a written or on-line objective assessment and a performance-based assessment. Additional evaluation instruments may be presented to the student at the discretion of the instructor. These evaluations may or may not become a part of the students final grade. A Final Examination will be administered to onsite and on-line students during the final week of regularly scheduled classes. The Final Examination may include a written or on-line objective assessment and a performance-based assessment. Cheating: If a student is found to have cheated on any coursework, which may include related to a project, which includes the Lab(s) and/or assessments, then all work submitted for that project may be considered to have been produced through cheating. The student will receive a zero for any work produced through cheating.

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Calculation of Final Grade: Quizzes Discussion question Assignments Midterm Exam Final Exam

20% 10% 10% 30% 30%

Remediation/Enrichment: Computer labs are available for students use during the day and on some evenings. If you need tutoring in this course, please contact your instructor as soon as you feel you would benefit from tutoring. Tutoring is a free service provided by the college. If you need additional help from the instructor, please feel free to ask. Your ability to learn and apply the material provided in this course is our number one priority. We want you, the student, to be successful. Please do not be afraid to ask for help, and please take advantage of the resources available to you. Work Ethics: A portion of the curriculum of on-site courses is devoted to the development of positive work ethics among students. On-line course students are encouraged to access the Work Ethics sections in the Course Documents area of their course. The program is designed to encourage good work habits in the areas of quality of work, ability to follow instructions, productivity, dependability, honesty, reliability, attendance and punctuality, attitude, integrity, enthusiasm, interpersonal skills, and initiative.

Work Ethics Evaluation: On-site students will receive a formal report at mid-term and at the end of the quarter. The mid-term report is a progress report, but the end-of-quarter report constitutes the final grade. The quarterly work ethics grade will not affect the academic grade. Points are assigned to evaluate each of the ten work ethics traits as follows: Exceeds Expectations Meets Expectations Needs Improvement Unacceptable REFERENCES: Rizzo, Donald C. (2001). Delmars Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology. Detroit: Delmar Publisher ISBN No. 0-7668-04. Rizzo, Donald C. (2001). Study Guide for Delmars Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology. Detroit: Delmar Publisher. ISBN No. 0-7668-0527-1 Thibodeau, Gary A. & Patton, Kevin T. (12th Ed.) (2004). Structure and Function of the Body. St. Louis ISBN No. 0-323-02242-1 TECHNICAL EDUCATION GUARANTEE (WARRANTY STATEMENT) Technical College System College of Georgia has developed curricula standards with direct involvement of business and industry. These standards will serve as the industry-validated specifications for each occupational program. These standards allow Georgias 33 technical colleges to offer their business partners this guarantee: Revised April 2008 13 3 points 2 points 1 points 0 points

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If one of our graduates, who was educated under a standard program, and his or her employer agree that the employee is deficient in one or more competencies as defined in the standards, Albany Technical College will retrain that employee at no instructional cost to the employee or employer. This guarantee applies to all graduates of ATC who are employed in the field of their training. It is in effect for a period of two years after graduation.

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