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Lesson 2

Activity 1


1. Teenagers struggling with their

As a teacher and someone who has gone
transition to adulthood.
through the same thing, I will offer support,
guidance, and pieces of advice as they go
through that stage. I will be the teacher that
they can go to and seek advice from.

2. Students who struggle with their

As their teacher, I would help them
decisions regarding what to do after
discover their passions, dreams, and future
senior high school and what course
jobs by engaging them in different
to take.
activities and learning that can help them
realize what they want for their future.

3. Students who are eager to learn

As a teacher, teaching is just a basic skill.
about life, new things, and who are
However, teaching new things every day
eager to learn in a more in-depth
and teaching it effectively is the hardest
thing to do, especially to those students
whose eagerness to learn is very big and
high. As a future teacher, I will be someone
who will study every lesson thoroughly and
think of unique and fun ways to teach these
lessons effectively.
4. Students burned out from
Teachers are said to be the second mother
school problems, family
or parent of the students at school. So as a
problems, emotional problems,
teacher I would be like their parents who
financial problems, and problems
would offer them genuine care,
regarding their mental health.
encouragement, and guidance. I will also
be a friend who they can go to anytime and
share their problems with. I will be a
teacher who will help my students in every
way I can.

5. Students who are not much of

I know that not every child and student has
a fan learning or studying.
the same way of learning things. Some
students are visual learners, writing/reading
learners, auditory learners and other many
types of learners. So it is expected of me as
a teacher to venture into different ways and
techniques to teach every lesson to all the
students. Most of the time these students
who are struggling academically and who
do not enjoy learning are those learners that
are not taught accordingly on their type of

Profundity of the hour:

1. What are your qualities that would enable your future learners to learn from you?

I know how hard studying and learning is based on personal experience as a student. And I
believe that being sensitive to what my learners would feel and feel about certain subjects would
be my best quality. As mentioned above, I know how hard it is to study and learn by just using
one way of teaching, which is sometimes by just giving the students a book to read and learn by
themselves. Because of that, I already know what to do about certain situations in the school
setting. I know that not all students learn well by self-study, by reading, by watching videos, and
other means of learning. Other students need 2 to 3 or more ways of learning to be able to fully
understand the concepts of the topic. By being sensitive to the needs of my students, I will be an
effective teacher.

I believe that knowing how to navigate the internet will also be my quality that would enable my
future learners to learn from me. As someone who knows how to use the internet, I would take
advantage and use it to help me better understand the lessons I will be teaching. And use it as one
of my mediums to teach my future students. For example, searching the internet for videos
related to the topic I am going to teach. This way, I am catering to those students who are visual
learners and not only those who are reading/writing and auditory learners.

2. What are your aims for teaching? What do you want to accomplish when you teach?

As a future teacher, my biggest aim for teaching is for my students to really learn from me that
even though many years have passed they still remember some of the things I taught them. I aim
for my students to enjoy learning everyday and to make them want to come to school excited
because they want to learn. I want to accomplish these things because only then can I say that I
am an effective teacher and that I am worthy to be called a teacher.

3. continue this prompt: “when I become a teacher, I will be a teacher whose sole purpose and
dreams is to make every lesson fun and exciting to learn for every student in my class”.

Activity 2
1. What is it like to be a teacher?
Teaching entails having an emotional stake in improving the world, and using your
talents and skills to do so in your own classroom. You recognize the individuality of
every student and that each one has special talents that should be nurtured and
acknowledged. Teaching is a challenging but rewarding profession.

2. At this point, do you really want to be a teacher? Why or why not?

Yes, and there are plenty of reasons why I badly want to be a teacher. Some of the
reasons are; I want to make a difference and make an impact on the lives of my
students, I don't like doing routines and being a teacher is a surprise experience
each day, i want to share my love for learning by making their learning experiences
fun and unforgettable, and lastly, being a teacher is more than just a job, it's a
responsibility but at the same time a reward and privilege to be able to teach and
share knowledge.

3. What are the challenges that you anticipate in your quest to become a teacher?
I believe that the challenges that i will be facing in my quest to become a teacher are
realizing the various learning obstacles that learners face, bullying and family issues
among students, Insufficient resources and ineffective communication, being
inspirational and motivational amid trying circumstances, imposing rules on
students, and lastly, tedious paperwork and long workdays

Activity 2
Through a venn diagram, list down the following:
1. Similarities of essentialism and progressivism
- Both are educational philosophies
- Both yearn to equip students for the real world

2. Similarities of perennialism and constructivism

- Both are educational philosophies
- Both their focus is on the individual students

3. Differences of existentialism and essentialism

- Essentialism deals with the outer, but existentialism is drawn inward toward
the self.
- Existentialism delivers a sense of emancipation in knowing there are no laws,
but for some, the idea that they are ultimately in charge of giving their lives
purpose can be unsettling.
- Essentialism offers comfort in the idea that there is a purpose and order to
things, but it can also cause people to categorize themselves and ignore their
capacity for flexibility.

Lesson 3
activity 1

Five exceptional qualities of the model Arrange these exceptional qualities using
teacher a scale of 1-5

Skills in communication 2

Skills in listening 1

Passionate 4

Patience 3

Innovative 5

Profundity of the hour:

- What are the qualities of the model teacher that you want to emulate?
There are many qualities of the model teacher that I want to emulate and these
include being passionate, committed, and innovative as well as approachable and
- What makes him a model teacher?
A teacher is a model teacher when they possess these qualities/ characteristics:
- Humble
- Empathetic
- Encourages students to think for themselves
- Perform volunteer work
- Point out the positive of the students instead of the negatives
- Celebrate the arts
- Dress appropriately
- Fulfill their promises
- Encourage physical activity
- Discuss world events
- Practice random acts of kindness
- organized and on time

Activity 2
As a teacher, what will you do in the following situations?
1. You are assigned to teach in a remote, far flung area in Mindanao. Considering the
geographical location and conditions of the place such as lack of electricity and water,
absence of comfortable roads and pavements and near the war zone area of the
government troops and rebel groups, would you accept the offer to teach there? Why or
why not?
Yes, I would accept the offer to teach there. It is because of those aforementioned
reasons. If ever I decline the offer due to the location and issues happening in that
place then who would? The reason why I would accept it. If no one would be willing
to risk their lives and go through uncomfortable experiences then the students or
the potential students would never have the opportunity to learn and have a
brighter future.

2. Teachers, most especially in some provinces receive only a minimum salary of P5,000-
P8,000. Considering yourself as a breadwinner of your family, would you accept the offer
to teach there? Why or why not?
It is hard to make a decision considering myself as a breadwinner and the salary.
However, declining the offer would go against the oath I have made to myself and to
the people of the philippines. I have made a vow to myself to make a difference by
using my profession as a teacher no matter what circumstances I have to face. And
if it means making sacrifices and risking my life just to make a difference and touch
the lives of the people, I will do it.

3. You are an education graduate, however you were not able to pass the Licensure
Examination for Teachers (LET) yet. As a teacher, how would you continuously upgrade
your knowledge and skills while waiting for the next examination?
As a teacher I would continually read, learn, and review again and again and then
take the LET exam until I become a teacher, officially. I will also try to do tutorials
for high schools to build my skills in teaching and practice it. I can even do
volunteer teaching just so I can upgrade my skills and knowledge while waiting for
the next examination.

Lesson 4
Activity 1
Do you believe that the child’s upbringing at home can be reflected inside the school? Why or
why not? What is the role of the teacher in strengthening the favorable values of the child? How
will the values of the teacher influence the values formation of his students?
Yes, I believe that the child’s upbringing at home can be reflected inside the school. At
home is where a child learns their first language, words, steps, or basically everything. And
as the child grows, their first learnings or knowledge will always stay with them and it will
just continuously grow as they age.
As mentioned above, at home is where they learn all their first times. But as they age
and as they start to go to school to study, the teacher is now the one involved in teaching
them the things that they haven’t learned yet. The teacher is also the one who strengthens
the favorable values they learn at home. In our country, as early as 7 years old GMRC or
good manners and right conduct is taught. This subject is all about having good manners,
behaving well, instilling the right values, and being a good citizen or person. The teachers,
as the second parent of the students, have the capability of influencing the students'
favorable values by being a good role model to them.

Activity 2
Using the letters of your first name, write the values that are innate from you.
R - respectful
H - humility
E - empathetic
A - attentive
L - lenient
Y - youthful
N - nifty

Lesson 5
Activity 1
1. How do you prepare yourself for a challenging task of making learners of today enjoy
meaningful lives tomorrow?
I know for a fact that being a teacher is not an easy task. A heavy weight is put on
every teacher knowing that the future of their students is partially in their hands.
But as for me, I prepare myself for a challenging task by putting the best interest of
my students first in everything I do. Whatever lessons and activities that will
happen in the classroom is for my students to learn and go home with new

2. What will be the jobs of the future and how school curricula be customized to fit the
needs of the students for their future?

1. List down 10 characteristics of a global teacher
a. Knowing one's own cultural identity and how it affects behavior in the classroom
and one's own personality
b. Acquiring knowledge of and incorporating global perspectives into the subject
areas one teaches
c. Involving learners in studying the world and in examining their position in it
d. Using real-life global examples, materials, and resources when considering local,
national, and human issues
e. Valuing the input of culturally and linguistically diverse learners, families, and
colleagues, and modeling cultural sensitivity
f. Creating environments that encourage positive cross-cultural interaction
g. Modeling social responsibility in local and global contexts
h. Helping learners find appropriate actions to improve local and global conditions
i. Assessing learners’ global competence and providing growth opportunities based
on their levels of development
j. Advocating for global education and social responsibility

2. Can someone be a global teacher without teaching abroad? Why or why not?
Yes, someone can be a global teacher even without teaching abroad. Being a global
educator does not require us to teach abroad. Where we educate doesn't matter as
much as what we teach and how we teach it to our pupils. One should increase their
teaching horizons, overcome their fear of interacting with others, and broaden their
experiences outside of their classrooms, schools, or communities if one would want
to become a global teacher.

3. Interview a certain teacher who is working or has worked abroad? Ask about his/her
experiences as a teacher in terms of:
a. Nature of classroom and learners
b. Curricular implementation
c. Salary and benefits
d. Working time
e. Challenges and struggles in teaching
Lesson 6
Situation: Teacher Dela Cruz always struggles in her Grade 1 class. She cannot begin her lesson
without yelling and scolding her unruly pupils. Until one day, she took AWOL (absence without
leave) because she was already burned out.
Profundity of the hour:
1. How could teachers be successful in developing well managed classrooms?
One of the most challenging issues a teacher might face at work is classroom
management. For teachers to be successful in creating well-managed classrooms,
they must forge strong working relationships with their students, educate them
about how learning occurs in the classroom, safeguard and maximize time, foresee
student behaviors in carefully written lesson plans, and set behavioral standards
that support student learning.

2. What are the different strategies and techniques to achieve effective classroom
According to Classroom Management Techniques (2021), there are five (5) strategies
and techniques that can be used and done to achieve effective classroom
management. And these are the following;

● Understand your students. Learn about each student on a personal level.

Establish a relationship of trust and understanding with them. Make sure that your
nonverbal behavior and paraverbal communication show that you care about each
● Practice patience with Rational Detachment. Remember that you have a choice
in how you react to a distressed pupil. Use uplifting self-talk and make the
decision not to take the conduct personally. Think, for instance, "I've seen this
before. I can't tolerate this disrespect any longer. It is not about me in this
behavior. What's going on, and how can I support you? ”
● Set effective limits. Review and display your expectations for the classroom so
that everyone can see them. Expectations should be straightforward, positive
statements of what you "can achieve," for instance, "Please raise your hand to add
to the discourse," rather than "No side talk."
● Keep to the schedule you set. To model timeliness and productivity, you must
adhere to your own standards. You have more opportunities to concentrate on
teaching and learning the more structured you are. This will encourage your
pupils to adhere to deadlines and respect schedules. Though consistency is crucial
generally, it may occasionally be necessary to attend to a student's requirements
even if doing so disrupts the schedule or routine.
● Be aware of the causes of behavior. To assist you concentrate on prevention, be
aware of Precipitating Factors—pre-existing conditions that lead to distress
behavior—and early warning indicators. Could hunger be the reason a student is
angry or distracted all the time in the morning? You could either store granola
bars on your desk or see to it that the student has breakfast in the cafeteria prior to
class. Remember that effective classroom management involves not just
preventing disturbances from students but also fostering an atmosphere that
encourages pupils to concentrate on their studies.

Reference: Classroom Management Techniques. (2021). Crisis Prevention Institue.

Activity 2. Strengthening school-community relations
Group the students into 4 with 5 members each. Let them share in their perspective groups their
beliefs and perspectives based on the following questions.
Guide questions:
1. What is the role of the community in schools?
The role of the community in schools consists of the relationships that exist between
schools and people, companies, and formal and informal institutions and
organizations that can use community resources to help students achieve success.
One specific example of this relationship is that, as stated in the book, the
community can serve as a Learning Resource Area or LRA for teaching instructions
such as neighborhood libraries, industries, and industrial facilities that could serve
as educational destinations for school field trips. Another example would be
providing aid with enhancing physical facilities and instructional materials, as well
as additional compensation and incentives for educators. A safe and encouraging
environment can be created both within and outside of the classroom by schools
with strong ties to the community.

2. At this point, do you really engage yourself in the community? Why or why not?
As much as I love helping our community, I could not exactly say that I really
engage myself in the community. One reason is that I am busy being a student and
most of the time I am not at home. But I would say that I help our community in
many little ways, like being a good and friendly neighbor, following the rules,
attending meetings and symposiums conducted in our barangay, supporting every
plans and activities our barangay conduct, keeping our front yard clean, and
segregating our wastes.

3. What are the challenges that you anticipate in the community and school partnership?
The problems that I anticipate or expect in the community and school partnership
are issues with perception, pedagogy, and policy.

Activity 1. Group the students into four. Let them create their “own organization” based on
their preferred goals and objectives.
Guide Questions:
1. As an organization, are you willing to support education in your community? Why?
Yes, as an organization I would be more than willing to support education in my
community. Simple because it is my community and as the old saying goes,
knowledge or education is the wealth that no one can ever take from anyone. I want
to give opportunities to those young people and even those young at heart to achieve
their dreams and be able to learn, gain knowledge and have a degree. At this time,
education is not a right, it's a luxury that not all of us can afford.

2. What is the influence of your organization in the school community?

My organization would be of great help for the students in my community. Because
the goals of my organization is to give brighter opportunities and future to the
students in my community. My organization would help build connections with
people who are capable of giving help and who are willing to help the students as
well as the school, teachers, and staff.

Activity 1. Let the students answer the following questions.

Question Answer

Is teaching your first choice as a career? No, teaching was never in my list of
Why or why not? choices for my career. Growing up I
deemed myself as someone who will
never be able to teach effectively and I
am someone who has very little patience.
However, as I started high school and I
have observed how noble the teacher
profession is, I fell in love with it. I also
have observed how the education system
in our country is in dire need of teachers
from all around the country. That is
what made me decide to become a

What are your expectations on becoming I have a lot of expectations on becoming

a professional teacher? a professional teacher. But on the very
top of those expectations is that, I expect
that being a professional teacher is a
tough job but a very rewarding one.
What do you think are the I believe some qualifications/standards
qualifications/standards of becoming a of becoming a teacher are love for
teacher? knowledge, love for gaining knowledge,
and love for sharing knowledge. Because
if you have those mentioned, all things
will fall into place and all will be easy.

Activity 2. From the given article, list down at least two teacher behaviors which are
expected from you as a teacher.

Article Teacher behaviors

I 1. A teacher must follow their code of ethics

2. A teacher must act like a teacher based on their code of ethics

II 1. A teacher is expected to teach their students

2. A teacher is expected to not engage in any political, religious,

or partisan interests.

III 1. A teacher shall act accordingly and be a role model to the


2. A teacher shall provide leadership and initiative to actively

participate in the community

IV 1. A teacher should show enthusiasm in teaching and should

teach the students genuinely
2. A teacher should teach with quality education in mind

V 1. A teacher must keep a peaceful relationship with other


2. A teacher must keep the teaching profession noble

VI 1. A teacher must be true to their words and keep it

2. A teacher must not make false accusations against other


VII 1. A teacher must cooperate responsibly to formulate policies

2. A teacher must show professional courtesy, help, and

sympathy at all times

VIII 1. A teacher must not be biased to a learner, discriminate, and

prejudice a learner

2. A teacher must always think of the interest and welfare of the


IX 1. A teacher must respect and maintain cordial relations with


2. A teacher must hear the parents complaints with sympathy

and understanding

X 1. A teacher shall maintain a good reputation at all times

2. A teacher must not solicit (monetary) from the students

whether it’s for school, books, or school activities
XI 1. A teacher must religiously fulfill their duties as a teacher

2. A teacher must not defy any of the listed things in their code of

Activity 1
Nowadays , most of the teachers in the private schools tend to transfer to the public schools.
Think of possible reasons for their sudden transfer.
There are many possible reasons why a private school teacher transfers to a public
school to teach. One of which is the benefits that they can get in a government-owned
school. Public schools have more and better benefits that they give the teachers than in
private schools. Other reasons are, security of tenure, better salary, and compensation.

Activity 2
In June 2016, senator edgardo angara filed senate Bill No. 135 which sought to adjust the
minimum salary grade level of teachers from SG 11 to SG 19 or double their current monthly
base pay of P20,179 to P42,099.
Profundity of the hour:
1. What is the primary goal of Senator Angara for the public school teachers in filing this
The primary goal of senator angara for the public school teachers in filing this bill is
for them to have an increase in their salary. Senator Angara said in his press release
that “Our teachers are considered to be the heart of the educational system. Hence,
the government needs to give priority to their welfare and interests.” He believes,
and I too, that our teachers and the molders of our future deserve better in all
2. Do you believe this would take effect and be feasible soon? Why or why not?
Yes, I do believe that this would take effect and be feasible soon. Now that more and
more people are concerned about our education system, the welfare of the teachers
and students, and the cries for help from our educators are finally heard. I believe
that sooner or later our educators will finally achieve what they deserve.

3. If this is the case, why are there still many teachers and teacher-associations who conduct
rallies/demonstrations for a salary hike?
Because even though the voices of the teacher are now heard, many eyes and minds
have been opened about our education system, and there are lots of bills made that
hope for the betterment of our education system as well as our teachers, there is still
no progress. And if there are, it's still not enough considering the status of our
economy and the future of our future generations. There is still no clear path that
would lead to the betterment of our education system and the betterment of the
benefits that our teachers must receive.

4. What are the reasons why many potential teachers migrate to other countries to teach
there rather than serving in our country?
One of the main reasons why many potential teachers migrate to other countries to
teach there rather than serving in our country is the lack of benefits and low salary
for the teachers. The lack of items for the teachers is also one of the factors why
potential teachers migrate. Nepotism is well practiced in the country that landing a
job is so, so hard. If one has no connection in higher education or higher ups, the
chance of getting an item or teaching is low to none.

Activity 1: symposium on R.A. 7610
1. Invite a social worker in your community to talk on child abuse

2. Discuss actions that constitute child abuse at home and in school.

Child abuse is not just physical violence directed at a child. It is any form of
maltreatment by an adult, which is violent or threatening for the child. This includes
neglect (Zaken, 2016). There are five general types of child abuse: (1) physical abuse
which includes all forms of physical violence; (2) emotional or psychological abuse
wherein an adult regularly bereates the child, acts in a dismissive and hostile
manner towards the child or intentionally scares the child; (3) physical neglect in
which the child does not receive any care and nurturing that it needs; (4) emotional
or psychological neglect. This is the continuous lack of positive attention for the
child; ignoring the child’s need for love, warmth, and security; (5) sexual abuse.
Sexual contact which an adult forces upon a child.
Zaken, M. van A. (2016, June 8). What is child abuse? - Child abuse -


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