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B.C 2500Indus valley civilization. 1800 599 563 32726 269232 261 57 30 326 261 A.

D 78 320 360 380413 606647 629645 622 712 Beginning of Saka era. Beginning of Gupta era. Samudragupta conquers the whole of N. India and much of the Deccan. Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age of Kalidasa, renewal of induism. Rule of Harshavardhana. Hieun Tsang's visit in India. Beginning of Hijra era. Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd. bin Qasim. Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana in 523. B.C. Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C. Alexander's invasion of India and the opening of land route between India and Europe. Ashoka's reign. Battle of Kalinga. Beginning of Vikrama era. Satvahana dynasty in Deooan. Pandyan empire in for south. Alexander defeated Poras in the Battle of Hydaspas Ashoka defeated Kalinga in the Kalinga War

1001Repeated attacks of Mehmud Ghazni. 27 1025 1191 1192 1206 1290 1290 1320 1333 1336 1347 1398 1451 1469 1498 1510 Sacking of Somnath temple by Mehmud. First battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohd. Ghori. Second battle of Tarain in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. Qutubuddin Aibak founded the Ilbari/Slave dynasty. Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji established Khilji dynasty. Marco Polo visited India. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty. Ibn Batuta arrived in India. Harihara and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire. Bahmani kingdom founded. Timur invades India. Lodi dynasty comes in power in Delhi Sultanate. Birth of Guru Nanak Dev. Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut. Portuguese capture Goa-Albuquerque Governor.

1526 1556 1565 1571 1576 1582 1600 1604 1605 1611 1627 1631 1658 1666 1699 1707 1739 1757 1760 1761 1764 1793 1799

First Battle of Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mughaldynasty. Second battle of Panipat in which Akbar defeated Hemu. Battle of Talikota in which Vijaynagar empire is defeated. Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar. Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap. Akbar started Din-i-llahi. English East India Company established. Compilation of Adi Granth. Death of Akbar. The English built a factory at Masulipatnam. Birth of Shivaji Death of Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building of Taj Mahal. Aurangzeb became Emperor of Delhi. Birth of Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh creates 'Khalsa'. Death of Aurangzeb, fall of Mughal empire begins. Nadir Shah invaded India; the peacock throne and the Kohinoor Diamond taken away from India. Battle of Plassey in which the English defeated Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal. Battle of Wandiwash, end of French power in India, Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas. Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam. Permanent settlement in Bengal. Fourth Anglo Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it his capital.

1817Marathas finally crushed. 19 1828 1835 Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General; Era of social reforms; Prohibition of Sati (1829), Suppression of thugs (1830). Introduction of English as medium of instruction. 1 2 3 A.D 1853 First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane.

1857First war of Indian Independence. 58 1858 1861 1869 1885 1905 1906 1909 British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule. Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore. Birth of M.K. Gandhi. Formation of Indian National Congress. Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Formation of All India Muslim League. Minto-Morley Reforms.

1911 1914 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1935 1937 1939 1942 1945 1946 1947 1948 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1956 1957 1958 1959 1961 1962 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. World War I started. End of World War I. Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms. Non-cooperation Movement launched, Moplah rebellian in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales. Chauri-Chaura incidence. Swaraj party formed. Simon Commission appointed. Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai. Congress demanded'Poorna Swaraj'in Lahore session. January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, FirstRound Table conference. Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference. Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact. Government of India Act. Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II. Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose. Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi. Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League. Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India. Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30). India became republic (Jan. 26). First Five Year Plan implemented. First General Elections held. Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29). Panchsheel agreement between India and China. Life insurance nationalized, State Reorganising Act comes into force. Second General Elections. Metric system of weights and measures introduced. Dalai Lama exiled; enters India. Liberation of Goa. Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20). Jawaharlal Nehru dies; Lai Bahadur Shastri becomes PM. Indo-Pak war. Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became PM. Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President. Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. Death of. President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress.

1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

Former Indian ruler's privy purses abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (Nov. 2). Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement signed. Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18). Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched, National emergency declared. The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as 'Samachar', life of Lok Sabha extended by an year. Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morarji Desai takes over as PM, emergency withdrawn. India launches world's biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2). Charan Singh became PM., Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize. Indira Gandhi returns to power at centre, India launches first satellite using its own satellite launching vehicle (July. 18). 1 2 3

A.D 1853 First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane.

1857First war of Indian Independence. 58 1858 1861 1869 1885 1905 1906 1909 1911 1914 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1935 1937 British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule. Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore. Birth of M.K. Gandhi. Formation of Indian National Congress. Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Formation of All India Muslim League. Minto-Morley Reforms. Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. World War I started. End of World War I. Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms. Non-cooperation Movement launched, Moplah rebellian in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales. Chauri-Chaura incidence. Swaraj party formed. Simon Commission appointed. Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai. Congress demanded'Poorna Swaraj'in Lahore session. January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, FirstRound Table conference. Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference. Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact. Government of India Act. Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces.

1939 1942 1945 1946 1947 1948 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1956 1957 1958 1959 1961 1962 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II. Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose. Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi. Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League. Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India. Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30). India became republic (Jan. 26). First Five Year Plan implemented. First General Elections held. Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29). Panchsheel agreement between India and China. Life insurance nationalized, State Reorganising Act comes into force. Second General Elections. Metric system of weights and measures introduced. Dalai Lama exiled; enters India. Liberation of Goa. Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20). Jawaharlal Nehru dies; Lai Bahadur Shastri becomes PM. Indo-Pak war. Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became PM. Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President. Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. Death of. President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress. Former Indian ruler's privy purses abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (Nov. 2). Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement signed. Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18). Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched, National emergency declared. The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as 'Samachar', life of Lok Sabha extended by an year. Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morarji Desai takes over as PM, emergency withdrawn. India launches world's biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2). Charan Singh became PM., Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize. Indira Gandhi returns to power at centre, India launches first satellite using its own satellite launching vehicle (July. 18). 1 2 3

A.D 1853 1857First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane. First war of Indian Independence.

58 1858 1861 1869 1885 1905 1906 1909 1911 1914 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1935 1937 1939 1942 1945 1946 1947 1948 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1956 1957 1958 1959 1961 British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule. Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore. Birth of M.K. Gandhi. Formation of Indian National Congress. Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Formation of All India Muslim League. Minto-Morley Reforms. Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. World War I started. End of World War I. Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms. Non-cooperation Movement launched, Moplah rebellian in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales. Chauri-Chaura incidence. Swaraj party formed. Simon Commission appointed. Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai. Congress demanded'Poorna Swaraj'in Lahore session. January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, FirstRound Table conference. Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference. Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact. Government of India Act. Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II. Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose. Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi. Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League. Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India. Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30). India became republic (Jan. 26). First Five Year Plan implemented. First General Elections held. Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29). Panchsheel agreement between India and China. Life insurance nationalized, State Reorganising Act comes into force. Second General Elections. Metric system of weights and measures introduced. Dalai Lama exiled; enters India. Liberation of Goa.

1962 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20). Jawaharlal Nehru dies; Lai Bahadur Shastri becomes PM. Indo-Pak war. Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became PM. Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President. Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. Death of. President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress. Former Indian ruler's privy purses abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (Nov. 2). Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement signed. Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18). Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched, National emergency declared. The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as 'Samachar', life of Lok Sabha extended by an year. Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morarji Desai takes over as PM, emergency withdrawn. India launches world's biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2). Charan Singh became PM., Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize. Indira Gandhi returns to power at centre, India launches first satellite using its own satellite launching vehicle (July. 18). 1 2 3

Surname Bengals Sorrow Blue Mountains City of Sky-scrapers City of Seven Hills City of Dreaming Spires City of palaces City of Golden Gate City of Magnificent Buildings City of Eternal Springs Chinas Sorrow Cockpit of Europe Dark Continent Emerald Isle

Name Damodar River Nilgiri Hills New York Rome Oxford Kolkata San Francisco Washington D.C. Quito(S.America) Hwang Ho Belgium Africa Ireland

Eternal City Empire City Forbidden City Garden City Gate of Tears Gateway of India Gift of the Nile Granite City Hermit Kingdom Herring Pond Holy Land Island Continent Island of Cloves Isle of Pearls Key of the Mediterranean Land of Cakes Land of Golden Fleece Land of Maple Leaf Land of Midnight Sun Land of the Thousand Lakes Land of the Thunderbolt Land of white Elephant Land of Five Rivers Land of Thousand Elephants Land of Rising Sun Loneliest Island Manchester of Japan Pillars of Hercules

Rome New York Lhasa (Tibet) Chicago Strait of Bab-el Mandeb Mumbai Eqypt Aberdeen (Scotland) Korea Atlantic Ocean Jerusalem Australia Zanzibar Bahrein (Peesian Gulf) Gibralter Scotland Australia Canada Norway Finland Bhutan Thailand Punjab Laos Japan Tristan De Gunha (Mid-Atlantic) Osaka Strait of Gibraltar

Pearl of the Antilles Playground of Europe Quaker City Queen of the Adriatic Roof of the World Rose Pink City Sugar bowl of the World Venice of the North Windy City Whirtemans grave Yellow River Branch Aeronautics Astronomy Agronomy Angiology Anthology Anthropology Apiculture Araneology Batracology Biochemistry Biotechnology Cardiology Craniology Cryptography Cryogenics Cytology Concerning field Science of fligt of airplanes. Study of heavenly bodies. Science dealing with crop plant.

Cuba Switzerland Philadelphia Venice The Pamirs Jaipur Cuba Stockholm Chicago Guinea Coast of Africa Huang Ho (China)

Deals with the study of blood vascular system. Study of flower. Study of apes and man. Honey industries (Bee Keeping). Study of spiders. Study of frogs. Deals with the study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities. Deals with the use of micro-organisms in commercial processes for producing fine chemicals such as drugs; vaccines; hormones,etc. on a large scale. Study of heart. Study of skulls. Study of secret writing. Study concerning with the application and uses of very low temperature. Study of cells.

Dermatology Ecology Entomology Etiology Eugenics Evolution Exbiology Floriculture Geology Genetics Gerontology Gynaecology Horticulture Haematology Hepatology Iconography Immunology Jurisprudence Kalology Lexicography Mycology Myology Nephrology Neurology Numismatics Obstetrics Oneirology Ophthalmology

Study of skin. The study of relationship between organisms and enviornment. Study of insects. Study of cause of insects. Study of improvment of human race by applying laws of heredity. it is related with future generations. Deals with the study of origin of new from old. Deals with life or possibilities of life beyond the earth. Study of flower yeilding plants. Study of condition and structure of the earth Study of heredity and variations. study of growing old. Study of female reproductive organs. Study of garden cultivation. Study of blood. Study of liver. Teachings by pictures and models. Science which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection. Science of law. Study of human beauty. Compiling of dictionary. Study of fungi. Study of muscles. Study of kidneys. study of nervous system. Study of coins and medals. Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy. Study of dreams. Study of eyes .

Omithology Osteology Palaeontology Philately Philology Phonetics Physiography Pedology Pathology phycology Physiology Pisciculture Pomology Seismology Sericulture Serpentology Telepathy Taxonomy Virology

Study of birds. Study of bones. Study of fossils. Stamp collecting. Study of languages. Concerning the sounds of a language. Natural phenomenon. Stydy of soils. Study of disease causing organisms. Study of algae. Science dealing with the study of functions of various parts of organisms. Study of fish. Study of fruits. Study of earthquakes. Silk industry(culture of silk moth and pupa). Study of snakes. Communication between two minds at a distance with the help of emotions, thoughts and feelings. Study of classification of organisms. Study of virus.

The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize was instituted in 1957 by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in honour of its founder Director. Name the Nine scientists who were chosen for the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize 2010 for their achievement in the field of science and technology: Biological Sciences: y Sanjeev Galande of National Centre for Cell Science, Pune (Presently at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune) y Shubha Tole of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. y Dr.Swapan K Pati: Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore,Dr.Sandeep Verma, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. Physical Sciences: Dr Umesh Vasudeo Wagmare: Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore Dr Kalobaran Maiti: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai.

Engineering Sciences: Dr.G K Ananthasuresh, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. Dr.Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata Medical Sciences: Dr.Mitali Mukerji, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi

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y y y y y y y y y y y List of Different Branches of Science Winners of 64th Cannes Film Festival Awards Winners of 58th National Film Awards Winners of 2011 BAFTA Awards Winners of 53rd Annual Grammy Awards

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11 got death penalty, 20 life term for Godhra carnage. India, ASEAN set $70 bn trade target. Banking Laws Amendment Bill got cabinet nod. Lanco acquired Aussie coal mines, Griffin, for $760 million. India agreed to finance Ethiopian sugar sector revamp. Interceptor missile test fired successfully. Monaco became the first public sector firm to Introduce ESOPs. y SC approved single MBBS entrance test across nation. y India, Brazil inked air services agreement. y Star Indian Post office announced launch of online portal a-post office. y Essar, Inked $750m agreement to revive Zimbabwe Iran & Steel C0. y N-capable missiles Dhanush and Prithvi-II successfully tested. y India, Bangladesh decided to hold Wagah-style retreat at border. y Foundation for Judicial Academy laid in Jodhpur. y Prez Patiy cancelled appointment of PJ Thomas as CVC. y Union cabinet approved GST Bill. y Indias tallest (80 feet) statue of Lo rd Buddha unveiled in Sarnath. y Government approved 9.5% interest on PF deposits. y India abstained from UNSC vote on Libya no fly zone. y Bollywood actor Navin Nischol passed away. y Security forces seized armed from Maoist hide out in Midnapur. y Saina Nehwal won Swiss Open Singles final tennis trophy. y Delhi Anti-sealing Bill passed In Rajya Sabha. y SBI announced new code of conduct. Shimla declared environmentally sustainable city. y Orissa (the alteration of named Bill and Constitution (113th) Amendment Bill passed in Rajya Martha. y Lok Sabha passed the Coinage Amendments Bill. y Cash-strapped Air India got a breather. y Navy nabbed 16 pirates off Lakshadweep. y India invited to make huge investments in Africa. y India breaks into the top 10 nations in Scientific Research Output. y Gujarat banned the sale distribution and reprinting of Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and his struggle with India. y Results of Census 2011 released: Puts Indias population at 1.21 billion. India Current Affairs January, 2011 : Descriptive Points

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Noted Hindi writer Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari has been chosen for the prestigious Vyas Samman for his collection of poems Phir Bhi Kuch Rah Jayega. The Award is instituted by K. K. Birla Foundation. The Government of India has proposed to nominate the name of Assams river island Majuli for inclusion in the cultural landscape category of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage list. A Tamil Brahmi script on a pot rim reading a mana meaning a Jaina has been found at Pattanam in Earnakulam district Kerala establishing that Jainism was prevalent on the West Coast at least from second century CE (Common Era). Kiradech Aphibarnrat pipped Mohammad Siddikur Rahman to bag SAIL open title on March 25, 2011 in New Delhi. A. S. Suresh Krishna of Andhra Pradesh defeated Ashutosh Singh of Delhi to take the title in National Jute Board-National grass-court Tennis tournament on March 5, 2011 in Kolkata while in womens section Kyra Shroff beat Aishwazya Agrawal to take the crown. India on March 6, 2011 fired an interceptor missile which intercepted an incoming enemy ballistic missile at an attitude of 16 km and pulverized it in a direct kill. While the hostile missile was launched at the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Orissa, the Interceptor blasted off from Wheeler Island off the Orissa Coast. North Zone beat West Zone to clinch Deodhar Trophy of Cricket on March 9, 2011 in Jaipur by five wickets. Shahina K. K. the Thiruvananthapuram correspondent of Open magazine has been chosen for the Chameli Devi Jain Award 2010 for being outstanding woman media person. India will test-fire the submarine launched version of of BrahMos Underwater test-firing the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile by year end as on March 12, 2011. Underwater weapon-delivery countries defence strength. The Human Resource Development Ministry has appointed Mahashweta Devi as National Research Professor for a second term of five years from February 2011. She has been appointed to this post in recognition of her contribution as a writer and a social activist. V. Kalidas-The Hindus consultant has been honoured with the Hall of Fame Award for 2011 for his contribution to the media industry. He was honoured by Punjab Education Minister Sewa Singh Sekhwan in Chandigarh on March 17, 2011. Indias exports breached the $ 200 billion mark in the first 11 months of the 2010-11. Exports jumped by 49.8% year-on-year during February to $ 23.6 billion taking the April-January 2010-11 figure to $ 208.2 billion-an increase of 31.4% over the year-ago period and past the yearly target of $ 200 billion. Aishwarya Rai Bachchan was honoured with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and lndusirys top honour. The Decade of Global Achievement Honour for her accomplishments in Hindi cinema on March 25, 2011 in Mumbai. According to the 2010 tiger census whose results were declared on March 28, 2011 there are approximately 1,706 of the big cats in the country which includes about 70 in the marches of the Sundarbans. The Central Government on March 24, 2011 constituted the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission (FSLRC) under the chairmanship of former justice B. N. Krishna to rewrite and harmonize financial sector legislations, rules and regulations so that the requirements of the countrys fast growing financial sector may be fulfilled. The Government recently in March 2011 approved 14 proposals of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) including that of Mauritius based Ghir Investments totalling Rs. 1,289.85 crone.

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What kind of market structure is the automotive industry? There are many ways to describe the market structure of the automotive industry. Here are two: One of heterogeneous buyers that...
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What is the advantage of free market economy? Wikimedia Free Encyclopedia explains: A market economy (also called a free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an...
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How different is a market economy from centrally planned economy? Central Planning: A centrally planned economy relies on a party in power to decide what resources should be allocated to various...
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What are advantages and disadvantages of market economy? There are many advantages to a free market economy. They range from the moral issues to the practical issues. We will deal mainly...
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Great source for statistics and other information on US taxes and government spending and receipts? Your question may have been linked and redirected here. The Tax Foundation is a super resource for accurate, unbiased information...
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What are the uses and advantages of price mechanism? Basically the price mechanism acts as "an invisible hand" or signaling mechanism. They play a key role in allocating resources...
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What are the advantages of leaving the allocation of a country's resources to the price mechanism? If relatively weak conditions are satisfied, then whatever allocation of resources results from the use of the price mechanism...
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What are some examples of the following types of product demand -- NEGATIVE NO LATENT FALLING IRREGULAR FULL OVERFULL? Negative Demand: The marketer will need to focus on a very creative process to create the demand for the product/service. If the...
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What is the law of variable proportion in economics? Sometimes referred to as variable factor proportions, law of diminishing returns states that as equal quantities of one variable...
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What is Austrian Economics? http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=define%3A+Austrian+Economics


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What currency was used in the 1700s? This depends on the country. Most currencies, however, were based on gold and silver. In America, in the 13 colonies, tobacco...
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Why do some people believe that a mixed economic system solves basic economic problems? It is because both the private sector and public sector have a say in answering the basic economic questions, thus there will be...
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What is the price of a loaf of bread in Australia? In Sydney Australia during 2009 a loaf of bread costs between $1.00-$4.50 ---- It all depends on the type of bread. Woolworths...
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What are possible advantages to a multinational corporation of entering a high potential and high growth economy? Possible advantages of a multinarional corporation are: 1.Multinational Companies are able to sell far more than other type of...
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What is the difference between Accounting profit and Economic profit? economic profit & accounting profit: Economists measure a firm's economic profit. Accountants measure the accounting...
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What is ordinal approach to the theory of consumer behaviour? Answering "What is ordinal approach to the theory of consumer behaviour?" give me answer of ordinalapproach.com
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Does Europe the USA or China have the largest economy? 1- Europe (remember Italy, French, UK and Germany are 4 world's power) 2- USA 3- China. 2006 GDP Figures from the CIA World...
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What is the marginal cost of capital? Marginal or incremental cost of capital is cost of the additional capital raised in a given period
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What is so gross about the national product? Economics Answer: The Gross National Product in one definition is the sum of all final goods and services produces in an...
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Show with examples that if the marginal product is always decreasing the average product is always above the marginal product? Paper silver has been heavily shorted in the last few weeks. Low volume indicated by the 30& 60 day averages has not brought...
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What challenges is Mexico facing today? Some of them would be: Competitiveness: Competing against the BRIC bloc (Brazil, Russia, India, China) for economic...
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How do tax cuts affect the economy? Tax cuts improve the economy by giving the people more spending power and higher consumer confidence which leads to them spending...
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How is the development of human settlement in Tanzania not sustainable because it has not combined socioeconomic development with environment conservation and protection?

The question suggests that socioeconomic development is being made at the expense of the (natural?) environment and that...
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What is consumer awareness? Consumer Awareness - Full Project By : Arvind Kumar, BAREILLY, UP, INDIA CONSUMER AWARENESSAnyone who consumes goods is a...
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What do .gif and .bmp stand for? .bmp stands for Bit Map Picture. This is the standard bit-mapped graphics format used in the Windows environment. By...
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What is the role of marketing in the implementation of adaptive strategies for expansion? The expansion of a company depends solely on the marketing of it's product or anything pertain to it.Actually marketing it's...
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What is the Gross Domestic Product of Norway? Norway is one of the world's most developed nations and is home to one of the most advanced economies in the world. The country's...
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What is the economy in Iceland like? its the least corrupted in the world {source Guinness World Records 2007)I'm not sure if this is in the Guinness Book of World...
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How best to define economics? According to Princeton University, Economics is the study of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and...
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What is the mileage reimbursement when gas prices are 210 PG in Flordia? IRS stated reimbursement is 40.5 per mile your employer can pay you less but tax time is IRS amount
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What did Lyndon Johnson feel was the most important first step in the war against poverty? IMO, The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964.
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What is the significance of foreign exchange rate risk and how can this risk be mitigated? Foreign exchange risk is the level of uncertainty that a company must manage for changes in foreign exchange rates, that will...
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How do economies produce? These questions are the basic economic questions to which all economies strive to answer. This is because there are a limited...
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Who has the world's largest economy? USA, although if treated as a single entity the EU is signifigantly larger.
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What are the types of market economies?

Free-Market Economy (or Liberal Market Economy): An economic system comprised mainly of privately-owned enterprise (businesses),...
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When did the World Trade Organization start?


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How do the average household income of the different countries compare? In order to answer this question it is best to look at median household income. Median household income represents the...
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What are the examples of perfect competition in economics? AnswerI have found one example on wikipedia where it says that ebay auctions can be seen as perfectly competitive. There are very...
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How does outsourcing affect the economy? In principle, outsourcing makes things a little cheaper and should therefore increase profitabilty. However, some things need to...
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What will be the long-term effects of the Baby Boom? There are millions of Baby Boomers coming up hot and heavy. There are pros and cons ... PROS: Baby Boomers want things...
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Who are Canada's top three trading partners? US China mexico


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Where did Joel Barker say 'Vision without action is a dream Action without vision is simply passing the time Action with vision is making a positive difference'? In the training video "The Power of Vision".
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Is zero inflation a good thing? Yes and no, and here's why: Inflation is not a good thing because it slows down economic growth. For example, when inflation is...
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What perceives the global economic system as responsible for the less developed global south countries dependence on and exploitation by the wealthy global north countries?
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What is the difference between financial accounting and management accounting? Very briefly, the difference has to do with the needs of the user. Management accounting for is the internal users of an entity...
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How do you answer 'What attracted you to apply for this job'? Without sounding canned or rehearsed, a good reply here should include some information you've gained in researching the company....
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Is there competition between the producers in Canada? Yes, Canada is a mixed economy. Thus there is going to be some degree of competition among "producers."
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What is the difference between project proposal and project feasibility study?

Project feasibility study is required to make a decision whether the project proposal is technically and economically feasible?...
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What were the economic causes of fascism in Spain? If what you mean is "what were the economic causes of the social conflict and unrest which led to the civil war, of which the...
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How many African-Americans currently live in poverty? According to www.info.please there are about 39.2 million blacks in America of whom 24.7% have incomes below the federal poverty...
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How do reductions in government spending affect the economy? Generally the government is very good at wasting money and resources so less spending, generally speaking, by the government...
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Who decides what goods services will be produced and sold in the US? Mostly the American consumer. The US government also plays a large role in the nation's economy, constituting roughly 36% of GDP...
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What is the difference in changing the scope between a spiral approach and a waterfall approach? I believe the scope of requirements changes in Waterfall model is less than that in Spiral Model. In Waterfall model, you...
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Who is Adam Smith? Which one? You probably mean the Scottish philosopher/Economist. He is most famous for defining modern economic theory in a book...
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What is globalisation and what are its effects on the Indian economy? AnswerLargely positive. Globalization has brought many jobs and large sums of investment to India. India's economy has been...
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What is the economy in Bulgaria like? Bulgaria was somewhat hesitant in terms of embracing market reforms. The economy suffered greatly after the fall of communism...
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How has money evolved into the currency we use today? Money as we know it, paper money (which will henceforth be called by its technical term, fiat French for "fake" - money),...
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How did the United States benefit from the World War I when it first started? economic benefits were from the sale of exports to countries at war with germany
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What is the importance of economics? Economics is a social science and it is impotant in our social life,political life, economic life and daily life. it is based on...
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Why is economics a social science?

Economics is the study of man and his activities in relation to his environment. The study of ends and scarce means which studies...
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What are primary secondary and tertiary industries?


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Which countries are in the European Union? There are 27 countries in the European Union. There were six founding members of what was then called the European Economic...
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How do you calculate the equilibrium level of income? you calculate it by adding consumption, investments, government spending, net exports and subtracting imports. EX:...
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Read more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/FAQ/2394#ixzz1RiKAEAfq Who is Manny Villar? Manuel "Manny" Bamba Villar, Jr. (born December 13, 1949) is a Filipino businessman and politician. He is currently a Philippine...
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Why does the demand curve slope downwards? The demand curve is the opposite of the supply curve and it assumes that the cheaper the goods become the more consumers will...
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What are the reasons for the high unemployment rate in developing countries? The main reasons are governmental corruption, incompetence, and red tape, accompanied by lawlessness, lack of property rights,...
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What are the advantages of saving money? Answer1.) You won't have to pay tens of thousands in interest when you borrow money. 2.) There's always some emergency that pops...
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What is the cost of a Chick Fil-A franchise? Popularity: 45 Tools: Recategorize Needs Answer Is Egypt a rich nation? No it isn't. Though this depends on how you define "rich." Egypt is quite affluent by African standards but remains a developing...
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When the Baby Boomers retire won't those positions be filled by someone else who will pay SSI taxes? That's true, but to pay all of us the amounts we will require these new workers will have to pay a 30% tax on their earnings. ...
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What is a tariff? A tariff is a tax that is placed on an imported good. A tariff is a tax on an imported good. Therefore for each unit of a good...
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Why is the study of economics important? Popularity: 45 Tools: Recategorize Needs Answer How does the economics of welfare relate to the scarcity of resources? EconomicsOpportunity cost is the cost in terms of the best alternative forgone. Holding valuable land out of use until the owner...
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What is the relationship between inflation and unemployment? There has been an inverse relation between rate of inflation and the rate of unemployment in an economy. The more the...
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What is an 'Oligopply'? Correctly spelled as; Oligopoly: A market where the supply is controlled by a small group of companies. In this condition, the...
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Why is economics seen as a social science? Beginning with a definition: The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. They...
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What rhymes with Amanda? panda =] a allah alma alpha alta aqua asia asthma aura ayah baba balsa beta boa bola bona brahma broca buddha burma bursa bwana...
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What is the definition of perfectly elastic demand? A perfectly elastic demand is one whos demand curve is a perfectly horizontal line. This means that at the same price for the...
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How much do Americans spend in a year at fast food restaurants? 134 billion dollars
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How do the determinants of demand affect the price of a particular product? As demand for a good goes up, the price goes up. So any determinant of demand that has positive or negative effect on demand will...
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What is the formula for calculating ratio analysis? Ratio analysis is used to get the true picture of a firm's financial position, followin are some commonly used ratios: 1-...
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Does war cause a depression? That depends on several factors. War can soak up so many resources that the economy can not support it and collapses. This is...
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Define aggregate supply and describe the conditions underlying each of the three major segments along a short-run aggregate supply curve? Aggregate supply is just the amount of goods and services a firm will product over a variety of price ranges. The segments of the...

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What is a monopoly? When one business or company dominates its area and squeezes out all its competition, the result is the consumer does not have a...
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What are the advantage of mixed economy system? Advantages are: People can make their own decisions The government has limited control which is good for structure Provides...
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What exactly was the IRA? The provisional Irish Republican Army, or IRA, is an outgrowth of an older group known as the Irish Republican Army, which fought...
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What is the average standard of living in Africa? The standard of living in Africa depends on the country. South Africa is one of the best developed in Africa. I am from South...
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Why domestic tariff on steel increases the price of steel in the US and in the rest of the world? Because a tariff is a cost for the importer (a sum of money it pays to the state for being allowed to enter the merchandise in...
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What is the difference between perfect competition and monopoly competition? In perfect competition, the market consists of a large number of buyers and sellers of an identical good. A real world example...
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What are the capitalist countries in the world? Capitalism is the dominant most used form of economic system there is in the world today. Currently, over 80% of countries use...
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a computer? The advantages of using computer(s) is that we can do research and find a lot of information we may be looking for. Other...
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What are economies of scale? Reduction in cost per unit resulting from increased production, realized through operational efficiencies. Economies of scale can...
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What is the historical significance of laissez-faire? Adam Smith played a large role in popularizing laissez-faire economic theories in English-speaking countries, though he was...
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What factors contribute to the fluctuation of exchange rates? Factors include: Monetary policies of the federal reserve or central bank. Health of an economy. Trade policies. Currency...
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What is a small-cap stock? There is no exact definition. In addition, any answer will change as the overall size of the economy and companies grow. In...

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What is the opportunity cost of devoting scarce university land to car parking? Since opportunity cost is defined as the cost of any activity measured in terms of the best alternative activity which is...
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What is a platform balance and how is it used? A platform balance is an instrument to weigh things. From Answers.com (see link to the left): The platform balance is a form of...
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What is meant by the statement that economics is a social science? because it is associated with human behaviour
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Why marginal revenue curve is twice as steep as demand curve in various market structure? The calculus-free answer Think of the effect incremental increases in quantity have on total revenue. Make a simple graph with...
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What are the characteristics of mixed economy? Popularity: 40 Tools: Recategorize Needs Answer How large is the total dollars spent in the US on Christmas 2007? In an investigation that was done in the 2006 holiday season, the average amount of money spent on gifts was about $910. It was...
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What is the stage of economic development in Mexico? Mexico is an "emerging market", "developing country" or "newly industrialized country" because although it is the eleventh...
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In economics what is a normative statement? A normative statement in economics is like a normative statement in any other academic subject-it is a statement about something...
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What is Supply and demand economics? In economics, supply and demand describes market relations between prospective sellers and buyers of a good. The supply and...
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What is the importance of studying economics? Economics is basically called the "QUEEN SUBJECT " of all subjects of social sciences . Economics is one of the most useful of...
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How can new technology affect the market for a product? Case of Encyclopedia BritannicaWith the advent of new technology, the so called printed books are no more in demand. The example...
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How was India's trade organized before the World Trade Organisation?
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What is equilibrium output? I don't know. PLEASE tell me or us.


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What is consumerism? Consumerism can be defined as a social movement seeking to augment the right of buyers in relation to seller. there are four main...
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Law of diminishing marginal utility? In its most general form, the "law" of diminishing marginal utility states that, in the absence of "tipping points", as...
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What kind of market demand and supply information would be useful to you in deciding upon a business strategy? A customer filled form of the following fields will be of great use. Do you need product urgently? How many times you visited...
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of both a fixed exchange rate regime and a flexible exchange rate regime? There are two ways the price of a currency can be determined against another. A fixed, or pegged, rate is a rate the government...
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How will organizations like the European Union and possibly the North American Union converge into a 'One World Government'? They won't. Not in the next century anyway. I should also mention that the idea of a 'North American Union' was proposed in one...
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What is economics? The branch of social science that deals with the production, consumption and distribution of goods, services and their...
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Why is the study of economics is important to us? It is important because it is the study of the history, the present and the future of our daily lives in regards with the...
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Has the Federal Reserve System ever been audited? in a word, YES. The Federal Reserve has frequent internal audits performed by its Office of the Inspector General. There is also...
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What are the differences between absolute advantage and comparative advantage? AnswerStudy Island: A country has comparative advantage if it can produce a good for less cost than any other nation.Absolute...
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What are the economic challenges faced by South Africa? people have no money The South African economic challenges are numerous. Under development, global exposure and competitiveness,...
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What was economist Thomas Malthus' theory about population growth and his solution? Population will always grow faster than the food supply, leading to periods of overpopulation, war, and famine. At that time...
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What is the economic importance of protozoans?

Since some types of protozoans (namely plankton) are "considered by some to be the most important organisms on Earth"*, the...
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What is the advantages and disadvantages of the rolling budget system? What is the advantages and disadvantages of the rolling budget system?I would like to change the word "Rolling" to "Flex" and...
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How can states of economic development be linked to the rate of participation in sport and leisure activities? As a people become more wealthy, they don't need to work as much to sustain themselves, and can choose to spend more time either...
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Three examples of specialization and division of labor? plese give nswer this uesion?
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What is the definition of Exports and Exports Incentives?


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What is Mexico's GDP? Following are values of Gross Domestic Product at nominal and purchasing power parity values for Mexico from 2000 to 2010....
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How much is 34 pounds of butter? Varies greatly as to how it is being bought and were and if there are other variances. It changes over time, but in bulk lots...
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What are business cycles and what role do the Federal Reserve and Federal Government have in trying to control them? It is very important that you understand that the Federal Reserve is not a government institution. It does not take its orders...
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What is the current global pharmaceutical market size? As per latest estimates available (as of 2006), the pharma market size is estimated to be upwards of US$ 680 Billion.
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What is the impact of globalization on quality? what is the impact of globalizaton with in 50 words
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Case study as one incident of violation of consumer rights and the decision by the consumer courts? This case is related to Automobiles in general and Motor bikes in specific. And this was reported in Times of India or Indian...
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Why is private investment spending volatile and unpredictable? Why is private investment spending volatile and unpredictable?
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What does profit incentive mean? profit incentive, or profit motive. This desire motivates entrepreneurs to establish new businesses and produce new kinds of...
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History of taxation in nigeria? History of taxation in Nigeria


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What is the difference between economic growth and economic development? First of all we have to know what the meaning of Economic development and Economic Growth is. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: economic...
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How do you calculate unemployment rates? Divide the number of unemployed by the number of people in the labor force then multiply by 100. Ex. Labor force: 130.5 Million...
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What is the national average American income? That depends on how you define "average" and how you define "Income." Economists commonly use the median, which divides the...
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What is capitalism? What is Capitalism? "Capitalism" is one of three economic systems. The other two economic systems are "Slavery" and "Feudalism"....
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Describe the primary sector and tertiary classification of business activities? Primary sector produces or extracts raw materials from the land or sea. groups in this sector are Agriculture and Farming,...
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What are the advantages of a free market economy? The advantages of a market economy can be summarized as: -Buyers are free to buy any commodity which they like and in whatever...
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What are the two leading countries in today's world economy? AnswerGermany and Japan
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How would a production possibility frontier would be effected by a reduction in the birth rate? In the short run it wouldn't. In the long run it may well shift the PPF inwards as the productive capacity of the economy...
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What is the current inflation rate in India? current Indian inflation is 0.26 on 23/March/2009 1.54 percent for the week ended July 18 compared with last week's minus 1.17...
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How does microeconomics relate to macroeconomics? Microecnomics is the study of economics on a small scale and macroeconomics is on a large scale. They are related in that general...
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What is the importance of study of economics? to have peace on earth u earthlingIt is to enable people to make intelligent sounding conversation about a subject that up to now...
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What countries are the members of the OECD?

Members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development are: Twenty countries originally signed the Convention on...
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What are the causes of poverty in South Africa? The major cause of poverty in South Africa is the lack of infrastructure in the country. South Africa needs to improve: ...
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What keeps so many people around the world in desperate poverty? the unequal distribution of wealth and exploitation war famine very sad when i watch those people. As an advocate of the...
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What type of economic system does the US have? Capitalism In terms of Capitalism, there are many kinds ranging from laissez-faire capitalism to social capitalism, where...
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What was the average income of an American household? In 2007, the median annual household income rose 1.3% to $50,233.00 according to the Census Bureau.
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What are some examples of capitalist countries? Capitalism is an economic system and not a political system. Countries thus do not (typically) enshrine capitalism as a part of...
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What is meant by the goal of profit maximization? Profit Maximization is an interesting and rather deep issue in Economics. Please understand that this question can be answered...
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What is the main export in Chile? Chile's main export is copper.


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How does tourism boost the economy of Australia? When more and more people fly to the country, airline industry is benefitted. and then for their food, lodging etc etc the...
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How do you Calculate the GDP gap if in an economy the umployment rate is 9.5 MPC9 and the full employment GDP10 800? 129nn m vvv
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What product did the person whom hosted kids say the darndest things on the tv produce and sell? He was the spokesman of the game of life from Milton Bradley Art Linkletter He was the spokesman of the game of life from...
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What are the determinants of economic development? Resources, skilled labour, capital, and political enviroment
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What are the functions of price mechanism in a free market economy? Price Mechanism Price mechanism is the point which equilibriates supply and demand within a market. It is a mechanism of...

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What is the nature of managerial economics? managerial economics deals with the business firm and the economic problems it need to solve.it is the integration of the...
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Relevance of mathematics to economics? Answerin economics. mathematics is relevant because using mathematics we can illustrate the distribution of the live-stocks...
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Which boosts a country's exports the most a weak strong or fluctuating currency? A weaker currency boosts exports, since products produced in that country will be more competitive internationally. You can think...
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How does war help the economy? In times of war manufacturing is usually increased, so defense contractors, and other contractors can create jobs, and make...
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What is a price cut when the demand for a normal good is price inelastic? Demand is inelastic when changes the in price of a commodity do not effect (or have very little effect) the quantity of that...
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What is inflation? Inflation is a general increase in the prices of goods and services. In other words, inflation means continuously decrease in the...
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Mental Ability TestAnalogy Test

Analogy Test
1. As 'Wheel' is related to 'Vehicle' similarly 'Clock' is related to what? (A) Needle (B) Nail (C) Stick (D) Pin (E) None of these
Ans : (A)

2. As 'Plateau' is related a 'Mountain', similarly 'Bush' is related to what? (A) Plants (B) Field (C) Forest (D) Trees (E) Stem
Ans : (C)

3. As 'Astronomy' is related to 'Planets', similarly 'Astrology' is related to what? (A) Satellites (B) Disease (C) Animals (D) Coins (E) None of these
Ans : (E)

4. As 'Earthquake' is related to 'Earth', similarly 'Thundering' is related to what? (A) Earth (B) Sea (C) Fair (D) Sky (E) None of these
Ans : (D)

5. As' Author' is related to 'Writing', similarly 'Thief is related to what? (A) To night (B) To feel (C) To steal (D) To wander (E) None of these
Ans : (C)

6. As 'Magazine' is related to 'Editor' in the same way 'Drama' is related to what? (A) Hero (B) Heroine (C) Co-actor (D) Villain (E) None of these
Ans : (E)

7. As 'Steal' is related to 'Factory' in the same way 'Wheat' is related to what? (A) Field (B) Sky (C) Godown (D) Market (E) None of these

Ans : (A)

8. As 'Cricket' is related to 'Bat' in the same way, 'Tennis' is related to what? (A) Game (B) Stick (C) Court (D) Hand (E) None of these
Ans : (E)

9. As 'Football' is related to 'Field' in the same way, 'Tennis' is related to what? (A) Court (B) Net (C) Field (D) Racket (E) None of these
Ans : (A)

10. As 'Tennis' is related to 'Racket' in the same way 'Hockey' is related to what? (A) Ball (B) Stick (C) Field (D) Player (E) None of these
Ans : (B)

11. As 'Mosque' is related to 'Islam' in the same way 'Church' is related to what? (A) Hinduism (B) Sikhism (C) Christianity (D) Buddhism (E) None of these
Ans : (C)

12. As 'Hindu worshiper' is related to 'Temple' in the same way 'Maulvi' is related to what? (A) Monastery (B) Church (C) Mosque (D) Sikh temple (E) None of these
Ans : (C)

13. As 'Hungry' is related to 'Food' in the same way 'Thirsty' is related to what? (A) Drink (B) Tea (C) Coffee (D) Juice (E) Waler
Ans : (E)

14. As 'Fly' is related to 'Parrot' in the same way 'Creep' is related to what? (A) Snake (B) Rabbit (C) Fish (D) Crocodile (E) Sparrow
Ans : (A)

15. As 'Needle' is related to 'Thread' in the same way 'Pen' is related to what? (A) Word (B) To write (C) Cap (D) Ink (E) Paper
Ans : (D)

16. As 'Circle' is related to 'Circumference' in the same way 'Square' is related to what? (A) Diagonal (B) Perimeter (C) Circumference (D) Area (E) Angle
Ans : (B)

17. As 'Bell' is related to 'Sound' in the same way 'Lamp' is related to what? (A) Flame (B) Light (C) Wick (D) Oil (E) Gong
Ans : (B)

18. As 'Oil' is related to an 'Oilman', in the same way 'Milk' is related to what? (A) Water (B) Blacksmith (C) Shoemaker (D) Milkman (E) None of these
Ans : (D)

19. As 'Furniture' is related to 'Bench' in the same way 'Stationary' is related to what? (A) Godown (B) Room (C) Pen (D) Chair (E) Office
Ans : (C)

20. CTPN: DSQM : : MUSK: ? (A) NVTL (B) NITJ (C) NTTL (D) LTRJ (E) None of these
Ans : (B)

Reasoning/Problem Solving Sample Test Questions


Personnel Department Home Civil Service Exams Sample Test Questions

Reasoning & Problem Solving Sample Questions

The ability to identify and resolve problems, and also to apply the principles of logic to given situations, is needed to p

many Parish jobs. These types of questions are designed to measure the applicant's ability in these areas.

1. If New York time is three hours ahead of San Francisco time, what time would it be in New York if Francisco clock one hour behind the time shows 4 o'clock? 1. 1 o'clock 2. 6 o'clock 3. 7 o'clock 4. 8 o'clock 2. Most of the Gaspard family lives in South Louisiana. Many of the people in South Louisiana celebrat Gras. Frank is a member of the Gaspard family. Based on these facts, we can conclude that: 1. Frank lives in South Louisiana. 2. Frank does not celebrate Mardi Gras. 3. All of the Gaspards celebrate Mardi Gras. 4. None of the above can be concluded. 3. Bill must use Highway 19 to get to work. Bill has a meeting today at 9:00 AM. If Bill misses the mee probably will lose a major account. Highway 19 is closed all day due to repairs. Based on the above conclude that: 1. Bill will not be able to get to work. 2. Bill will probably not be able to reschedule the meeting. 3. Bill will lose a major account. 4. None of the above can be concluded. 4. Mrs. Sellers reports that she was in the elevator late yesterday evening after leaving her office on t floor of a large office building. A man got on at the 12th floor, pulled her off the elevator, and assau stealing her purse. She believes that she has seen the man in elevators and hallways of the buildin She thinks that he works in the building. Study the following parts of Mrs. Sellers' description of th Which one would most useful in finding him, assuming that he is a regular occupant of the building 1. He had very bad breath. 2. He was wearing a striped tie. 3. He had a scar on his left cheek. 4. He was carrying a blue backpack.

Answers to Reasoning Questions


The correct answer to question 1 is number 4. If a San Francisco clock shows 4:00 and is one hour behind (slow), the in San Francisco is 5:00. Therefore, the time in New York, which is three hours ahead, would be 8:00, or choice 4.

The correct answer to question 2 is number 4. Choice 1 cannot be concluded, since most but not all of the Gaspard fam South Louisiana. Choice 2 is not supported by the passage at all. Choice 3 cannot be concluded, because the passage many, not all, people in South Louisiana celebrate Mardi Gras. Therefore, the answer is none of the above, or choice 4

The correct answer to question 3 is number 1. The passage does not address whether or not Bill will be able to resche meeting, so choice 2 cannot be concluded. Choice 3 cannot be concluded, because the passage says he will probably l account, but this is not a certainty. Choice 1 is a correct conclusion, because the passage states that Bill must use Hig get to work, and that Highway 19 is closed all day. Therefore, it can be concluded that Bill would not be able get to wo day.

The correct answer to question 4 is number 3. Choices 1, 2, and 4 all describe characteristics that could be easily chan hidden. However; a scar on the face is noticeable and could not be easily disguised or removed. Therefore, the best an choice 3.

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Total Questions 10

Time 10 MIN.

1. Following figures are in a serial . Find the missing figure

2 .Following figures are in a serial . Find the missing figure

3. Find the missing number

a) 6

b) 8

c) 7

d) 9

4. Find the odd man out A., E , I .O , U a) A b) E c) I d) None of the above 5 Find the odd man out a) Cut b) Put c) Nut d) But

6. Find the next letters of the following series O , T, T , F, F , S , ............ a) S N b) SE c) S T d ) SO 7 Find the next letter of the following series J, F, M, A, M, J ,J ............ a) J b) A c) S d ) O 8 Find the next letter of the following series M,T,W,T,F,............ a) A b) B c) S d ) H 9. Find odd Man out 1,2,3,5 a) only 1 b) only2 c) 1& 2 d ) none of the above

10. Find the multiplication of 3 x 9 x 27 x81 x243 x.............................x 59049 a) 345 b) 355 c)366 d ) 350 HOME Check Your Performance ANSWERS

ANSWERS
QUESTION NO 1 2

ANSWER a b
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Item Discrimination II:

The point biserial correlation (PBC) measures the correlation between the correct answer (viewed as 1 = right and 0 = wrong) on an item and the total test score of all students. The PBC is sometimes preferred because it identifies items that correctly discriminate between high and low groups, as defined by the test as a whole instead of the upper and lower 27% of a group. ParScore reports this value as item discrimination in column 5 on the Standard Item Analysis Report attached. Inspection of the attached report shows that the PBC can generate a substantially different measurement of item discrimination than the simple item discrimination difference described above. Often, however, the measures are in close agreement. Generally, the higher the PBC the better the item discrimination, and thus, the effectiveness of the item. The following criteria may be used to evaluate test items.

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PBC

Interpretation

.30 Very good and items above Reasonably .20 to good items, .29 but subject to improvement Marginal .10 to items, usually needing .19 improvement Poor items, .00 to to be rejected .09 or revised
Questions, Comments or Suggestions

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 b b b b c c b
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