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6kuNu

LNDAnULUAN
adalah kaLa ker[a vana dlakhlrl denaan lna vana berfunasl sebaaal noun aLau
nomlna mlsalnva work men[adl worklna Lvpe men[adl Lvplna choose men[adl chooslna read
men[adl readlna slna men[adl slnalna dll dapaL berfunasl sebaaal Sub[ecL (S) Cb[ecL
(C) dan keLeranaan (ComplemenL) dan Cb[ecL of reposlLlon ualam kullah kall lnl klLa akan
memabahas menaenal denaan berbaaal funaslnva dl aLas
uenaan memahaml maka mahaslswa akan menaeLahul bahwa selaln dlaunakan
dalam Lense seperLl 1he Slmple resenL/asL ConLlnuous/roaresslve kaLa ker[a [uaa dapaL
dlakhlrl denaan lna () vana dapaL berfunasl sebaaal Sub[ecL (S) ob[ecL (C) dan
keLeranaan (ComplemenL) dan ob[ecL of preposlLlon
ada akhlr perLemuan lnl mahaslswa dlharapkan dapaL
1 ,emahaml apa vana dlmaksudkan denaan
2 ,enaeLahul funaslfunasl darl
3 ,enaeLahul dan dapaL membuaL kallmaL menaaunakan sesual denaan
funaslnva maslnamaslna

LNAIIAN

GLkUND

1 6erund os 5ubject of o verb
Lxamp|e
a ldlna horses ls fun
b lL ls fun Lo rlde horses
c Comlna Lo class on Llme ls lmporLanL
d lL ls lmporLanL Lo come Lo class on Llme
eterangan
a and b have Lhe same meanlna
,CuuL 3


2 6erund os Object of o verb
Lxamp|e
a l en[ov muslc
S v noun
l en[ov meth|ng
S v C
b l en[ov ||ten|ng Lo muslc
LlsLenlna Lhe ob[ecL of a verb LlsLenlna aerund A aerund ls Lhe lna form of a
verb LlsLenlna Lhe ob[ecL of a verb en[ov

c l en[ov g|ng Lo Lhe beach
d lL beaan ralnlna
e Andv llkes sleeplna
f Lverv bodv needs shopplna
a Pe Leaches swlmmlna

atatan

mmn verb f||ed by gerund
Ln[ov l en[y rk|ng ln mv aarden
llnlsh 8ob f|n|hed tudy|ng aL mldnlahL
SLop lL tpped ra|n|ng a few mlnuLes aao
CulL uavld qulL smoklna
,lnd Would vou mlnd openlna Lhe
wlndow?

osLpone l posLponed dolna mv homework
uL off l puL off dolna mv homework
Conslder l am conslderlna aolna Lo Pawal
1hlnk abouL l am Lhlnklna abouL aolna Lo Pawall
ulscuss 1hev dlscussed aeLLlna a new car
keep keep worklna uon'L sLop
keep on keep on worklna uon'L sLop
1alk abouL 1hev Lalked abouL aeLLlna a new car

6erund os comp/ement of o verb

[uaa dapaL berfunasl sebaaal komplemen verba vana men[adl predlkaL dalam suaLu
kallmaL aLau klausa LeLak aerund sebaaal komplemen adalah seLelah verba predlkaL seperLl
vana dlconLohkan berlkuL lnl

a Pls hobbv ls swlmmlna
b WhaL he llkes Lo do ls readlna
c !ohn's hobbv ls flshlna
d WhaL she ls lnLeresLed ln ls slnalna

6erund os Object of preposition

A preposlLlon ls followed bv a aerund noL an lnflnlLlve

Lxamples
a kaLe lnslsLed n cm|ng wlLh us
b We're exclLed abut g|ng Lo 1ahlLl
c l apoloalzed fr be|ng laLe
kANGUMAN
adalah kaLa ker[a vana dlakhlrl denaan lna vana berfunasl sebaaal noun aLau
nomlna mlsalnva work men[adl worklna Lvpe men[adl Lvplna choose men[adl chooslna read
men[adl readlna slna men[adl slnalna dll Cerund dapaL berfunasl sebaaal Sub[ecL (S) ob[ecL
(C) dan keLeranaan (ComplemenL) dan ob[ecL of preposlLlon

LNU1U
1et Irmat|f
LA1InAN 1 Lengkap| ka||mat dengan menggunakan gerund
1 lL was cold and ralnv vesLerdav so we Lhe boLanlcal aarden
2 1he osLer's house ls Loo small 1hev're conslderlna a blaaer house
3 We dlscussed Colorado for our vacaLlon
4 SomeLlmes sLudenLs puL off Lhelr homework
3 When ,arLha flnlshed Lhe floor she dusLed Lhe furnlLure
6 l qulL comlc books when l was Lwelve vears old
7 l'm Lhlnklna abouL a bloloav course nexL semesLer
8 8eLh doesn'L llke her [ob She's Lalklna abouL a dlfferenL [ob
9 l'm conslderlna new ?ork clLv
10 l en[ov sporLs
11 Would vou mlnd Lhe wlndow?
12 ,v wlfe can'L sLand ln a room wlLh all of Lhe wlndows closed
13 ,rCarLer conLlnued hls book even Lhouah Lhe chlldren were maklna a loL of
nolse
14 l en[ov a Leacher
13 When are vou aolna Lo sLarL Lhe research for vour Lerm paper?

LA1InAN 2 8uat|ah verba dengan art| yang ama menggunakan GLkUND ebaga| 5ub[ect

1 lL ls lmporLanL Lo aeL dallv exerclse
2 lL ls fun Lo meeL new people
3 lL ls easv Lo cook rlce
4 lL ls borlna Lo spend Lhe whole weekend ln a dorm
3 lL ls relaxlna Lo Lake alona walk
6 lL lsn'L hard Lo make frlends
7 lL ls wrona Lo cheaL durlna a LesL
8 lL ls dlfflculL Lo learn a second lanauaae
9 ls lL danaerous Lo smoke claareLLes?
10 ls lL expenslve Lo llve ln an aparLmenL?
11 lL lsn'L easv Lo llve ln a forelan counLrv
12 lL Lakes Llme Lo make new frlends

UNI IAWA8AN
Lat|han 1
1 posLponed aolna Lo/vlslLlna
2 buvlna/movlna lnLo/renLlna
3 aolna Lo
4 uolna
3 Washlna/cleanlna/sweeplna
6 eadlna
7 1aklna
8 llndlna
9 vlslLlna
10 lavlna
11 Cpenlna
12 SLavlna
13 eadlna
14 8elna
13 dolna

Lat|han 2
1 CeLLlna dallv exerclse ls lmporLanL
2 ,eeLlna new people ls fun
3 Cooklna rlce ls easv
4 Spendlna Lhe whole weekend ln a dorm ls borlna
3 1aklna alona walk ls relaxlna
6 ,aklna frlends lsn'L hard
7 CheaLlna durlna a LesL ls wrona
8 Learnlna a second lanauaae ls dlfflculL
9 Smoklna claareLLes ls danaerous
10 Llvlna ln an aparLmenL ls expenslve
11 Llvlna ln a forelan counLrv lsn'L easv
12 ,aklna new frlends Lakes Llme


Daftar Pustaka

,uhammad 2003 ,emahaml SLrukLur dan 1aLa 8ahasa 1CLlL llrsL LdlLlon enerblL Llnaua
?oavakarLa
Schaempfer A8 1993 lundamenLals of Lnallsh Crammar Second LdlLlon renLlcePall lnc




















The -ing form

The ing form can be used like a noun, like an adjective or like a verb.
$moking is forbidden.
have a long working day.
don't like dancing.

When it is used like a noun it may or may not have an article before it.
arketing is a very inexact science.
The marketing of the product will continue for a few months yet.

t can also be part of a 'noun phrase'.
$peaking to an audience is always stressful.
$wimming after work is very relaxing.

n formal English, we would use a possessive with the ing form. n informal English,
many people do not.
'm angry about his missing the meeting.
o you mind my coming?

As an adjective, the ing form can be used before a noun.
was met by a welcoming party at the airport.
et's go to the meeting room.

The ing form is used after prepositions.
efore leaving, you need to speak to $arah.
After discussing it with her, 've changed my mind.
nstead of feeling sorry for yourself, do some work for charity.

Notice that when 'to' is used as a preposition, it is followed by the ing form.
don't object to working this $unday.
'm looking forward to seeing him again.
'm used to working long hours.

There are many verb + -ing combinations. Here are some common ones:
admit telling her.
appreciate having the raise.
avoid speaking to him.
consider blowing your nose in public to be wrong.
delayed coming until the last possible moment.
He denied telling her.
detest going to parties.
enjoy dancing.
feel like having a party.
've finished writing the report.
've given up going to the gym.
can't help thinking about it.
can't imagine ever leaving this company.
don't mind doing that.
He put off talking to her as long as he could.
can't stand drinking beer.

$ome verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or ing form but with different
meanings. Here are some common ones:
stopped smoking last month. ( no longer smoke.)
stopped to smoke a cigarette. ( stopped what was doing and had a cigarette.)
remember telling him. (A memory of the past.)
must remember to tell him. ($omething to remember for the future.)
'm interested in finding out more details. (nterested about the future.)
was interested to read his report. (nterested in the past.)

$ome verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or ing form but with the same
meaning. Here are some common ones:
love to go shopping.
love going shopping.
'm afraid to fly.
'm afraid of flying.
started to learn English 5 years ago.
started learning English 5 years ago.