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Gas Processing Group Nitech™ NRU Technology Nitrogen Rejection Unconventional Gas Enhanced Oil Recovery Conventional
Gas Processing Group
Gas Processing Group

Nitech™ NRU Technology

Nitrogen Rejection Unconventional Gas Enhanced Oil Recovery Conventional low-BTU Gas Coal Mine Methane Utilization

Conventional low-BTU Gas Coal Mine Methane Utilization Global Industrial Global Industrial Ultra High CO2 Removal
Global Industrial Global Industrial
Global Industrial
Global Industrial
Methane Utilization Global Industrial Global Industrial Ultra High CO2 Removal NGL Recovery Helium Recovery Skidded

Ultra High CO2 Removal NGL Recovery Helium Recovery Skidded LNG Plants Oxygen Removal Cryogenic Expander Plants

Global Industrial Global Industrial “We strive to offer our clients high quality gas processing solutions

Global Industrial

Global Industrial
Global Industrial
“We strive to offer our clients high quality gas processing solutions and offer the highest
“We strive to offer our
clients high quality gas
processing solutions
and offer the highest
and most efficient gas
processing technology
the world has to offer,
including the world-
class and industry
leading Nitech™
nitrogen rejection
(NRU) technology.”

Gas Processing

Gas Processing

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Providing the Next-Generation Gas Processing Technologies

Table of Content

1) Introduction: Gas Processing 2) Nitech™ NRU Technology

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Conventional low-BTU Gas

Unconventional Gas

Coal Mine Methane

3) Integrated Solutions

Helium Recovery

Ultra High CO2 Removal

NGL Extraction/Recovery

LNG Production

Removal  NGL Extraction/Recovery  LNG Production  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk  The
Removal  NGL Extraction/Recovery  LNG Production  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk  The
Removal  NGL Extraction/Recovery  LNG Production  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk  The
Removal  NGL Extraction/Recovery  LNG Production  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk  The
Removal  NGL Extraction/Recovery  LNG Production  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk  The

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Gas Processing

Introduction: Gas Processing

Our Organization: Global Industrial Dynamics

G.I. Dynamics’ Gas Processing Group provides the lastest state-of-the-art gas processing technologies and equipment for the Oil & Gas market. We specialize in Unconventional Gas, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Nitrogen Rejection/Removal, NGL Recovery, CO2 Removal, Helium Recovery, Skidded LNG plants & Oxygen Removal.

Global Industrial
Global Industrial
Global Industrial most most efficient efficient fficie nt fficient technologies technologies tech tech and
Global
Industrial
most
most
efficient
efficient
fficie nt
fficient
technologies
technologies
tech
tech
and bring
d d

that

have

the

available on the market, and bring this to the

global market, to create practical, cost-effective

solutions that change the game in business of Oil & Gas. We support the Oil
solutions that change the game in business of
Oil & Gas. We support the Oil & Gas market in;
G.I. Dynamics is a company with hands-on
industrial experience, operating together with
specialists and niche business partners in order
to improve the performance and develop the
sustainability for our clients business.
Unconventional gas, naturally occuring
low-BTU gas streams, enhanced oil
recovery, nitrogen rejection/removal, CO2
removal, helium recovery, skidded LNG
plants, and oxygen removal.
Global Support
Our offices are in Europe and Asia, but we have
proven experience and are able to provide full
support in Russia, USA, Middle East, Asia and
South East Asia to further develop your business
here.
Nitech™ NRU Technology
The Nitech™ nitrogen rejection (NRU)
technology, developed and patented by BCCK
Engineering Inc., economically removes
nitrogen from natural gas streams without the
complexity and inflexibility typically associated
with nitrogen rejection.
Providing next-generation Technology
G.I. Dynamics cooperates with niche companies
The Nitech™ NRU technology can be up to 15%
less expensive on both OPEX and CAPEX in
comparison to other cryogenic technologies.

Our Business Partner: BCCK Engineering

BCCK Engineering Inc. is an international natural gas engineering company with engineering capability and project management expertise under one roof – electrical, civil, mechanical, and chemical with computerized 3-D drafting support.

BCCK Engineering Inc. serves the energy industry – worldwide – specializing in nitrogen rejection, NGL recovery, cryo plants, ultra high CO2 removal, helium recovery, oxygen removal, and skidded LNG facilities.

The Nitech™ nitrogen rejection (NRU) technology, developed and patented by BCCK Engineering Inc., economically removes nitrogen from natural gas streams without the complexity and inflexibility typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes.

typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes. G.I. Dynamics joined forces with BCCK Engineering Inc. to

G.I. Dynamics joined forces with BCCK Engineering Inc. to further explore business opportunities for this most efficient, but still little known Nitech NRU technology, in Europe, Russia, China and Australia.

NRU technology, in Europe, Russia, China and Australia.  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC  Rijswijk 

Gas Processing

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Nitech™ NRU Technology

itrogen Rejection Units (NRU) selectively removes nitrogen from a gas stream. In practice, cryogenic plants have the highest methane recovery rate (approximately 99%) of any of the nitrogen rejection technologies and have become standard practice for large-scale projects where they achieve economies- of-scale.

Nitech™ NRU Technology

An Advanced Cryogenic NRU Technology

Nitech™ (NRU) technology, developed by our business partner BCCK Engineering Inc., enables producers to recover once by-passed reserves, regardless of nitrogen content. It

economically removes nitrogen from natural gas streams without the complexity and inflexibility typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes.

typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes. Nitech™ NRU/NGL extraction, CO 2 removal and helium
typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes. Nitech™ NRU/NGL extraction, CO 2 removal and helium
typically associated with traditional cryogenic processes. Nitech™ NRU/NGL extraction, CO 2 removal and helium

Nitech™ NRU/NGL extraction, CO2 removal and helium recovery. Edwards County, Kansas, USA

Proven and Applied Technology More than 20 Nitech™ NRU systems have been installed, where they
Proven and Applied Technology
More than 20 Nitech™ NRU systems have been
installed, where they have generated
revenue streams from;
extra
Unconventional gas, naturally occuring
low-BTU gas streams, enhanced oil
y
friendly, and highly efficient
to
remove
high
high
high
conce
conce
concentrations
of
recovery, nitrogen rejection/removal,
CO2
inlet flow
l
rates as little
es
as
e
as 30
a
removal,
helium recovery, skidded LNG
2
plants, and oxygen removal.
 Significant Nitrogen reduction inlet
i
ducti
du cti
i
pica
l
l l
j
mpon
nitrogen contents ranging from 5% to 70%
nging from 5%
ging from 5
gin
t
can be reduced to 1%, depending on
g
in excess of 99%;
c
pipeline requirements.
e e
re
re
less complex, more reliable and
l lower
 Possibility for
integrated NGL Extraction
t
including ethane recovery in excess of 90%
i
overy in exce
v
ce
 Possibility for
integrated Helium
ed He
ed He
Recovery with
helium recovery as high
m recovery a
m recovery a
ry a
as
99%.
u
ual
plant).
 CO2 tolerant with no treating required
treating req
tin
ti
r
t
required with
i
beyond the capability of readily available
beyond the capability
ty
of readily a
excess of 99%.
amines.
wer
requirements
 Quick
restart with cold restart from short
old restart fro
r
t fro
r
shutdowns and
online and on spec – just
restart associated compression.
s
s.
w
w
Integrated LNG production (one step
nitrogen rejection to LNG)

Typically only three major components;

No cryogenic rotating equipment required;

High methane recovery

A

cost design.

equipment required; High methane recovery A cost design.  Available for flow rates of 30 to

Available for flow rates of 30 to 2500+ million cubic meters per year

Additionally, it can increase project profitability through integrated NGL extraction and helium recovery. Nitech™ NRU technology is an economical, effective, environmentally-Nitech™

NRU Technology

process

nitrogen from

million m³ per year up to 2500 million m³ per

Major advantages of Nitech™ process are;

1)

2)

3)

4)

Additional Design Advantages

Small footprint (about 6x18 meters for a

200-500 million cubic meter annual plant).

Minimum operator attention

average runtimes in

Recompression horsepower

which compare favorably with even the

most efficient conventional cryogenic

process designs.

Much lower power and compression

requirements than non-cryogenic technologies.

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Gas Processing

Nitech™ NRU Technology

Enhanced Oil Recovery

Both nitrogen and fire floods are used in order to enhance oil recovery. The basic difference is a fire flood injects air while a nitrogen flood injects near pure nitrogen.

air while a nitrogen flood injects near pure nitrogen . A typical gas content in a

A typical gas content in a flood has;

a variable inlet nitrogen content;

an increase of nitrogen content over time

as field matures.

Our answer:

The Nitech™ NRU process is able to take on these variables and escalations, without the need for equipment modifications.

Also normal for these facilities is;

an integrated NGL extraction is a requirement;

The process gas will be associated with oil/condensate production, therefore will contain high levels of C3+ hydrocarbons.

Our answer:

Nitech™ process can integrate NGL extraction with high ethane recovery

Our history with flood applications;

3 NRUs associated with nitrogen floods;

1 NRU associated with a fire flood.

Project Reference

Plant Location:

Bowman, ND, USA

Facility Size:

430 Million m³ per year

Gas Source:

Associated gas from fire

Plant Type:

flood Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen,

Inlet Gas:

Water, and NGL Extraction/ Fractionation N2 60% to 75%

Project Type:

EPC

Completion:

August 2007

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

In Southwestern North Dakota, producers are injecting air into oil producing reservoirs in order to increase the temperature in the reservoir and to decrease the viscosity of the crude oil. In addi- tion, the reservoir pressure is increased facilitat- ing increased production. We employed a proven process designed to remove residual amounts of oxygen coming from the reservoir that had not taken part in the combustion process. In addition, there was a significant amount of carbon dioxide and nitrogen gener- ated by the air flood process. Our process is designed for a wide range of nitrogen since the air injection process is on-going and the nitrogen content is increasing. This facility utilizes the newest generation Nitech™ internal condenser that provides a cleaner nitrogen vent relative to methane losses. Another feature of this facility was to design with small footprints since the facility is installed in process buildings as required to protect the facility from the harsh and cold winter environment with normal tempera- tures reaching from -29 to -40 degrees C. Carbon dioxide removal is brought about by the use of conventional amine and reduces the carbon dioxide content feeding the NRU from approximately 8 PPM to approximately 10 PPM. The oxygen removal system was designed to remove oxygen content to as low as 1 PPM. Nitrogen is removed from near 60% down to the specified level of approximately 10% to be used for both sales and field fuel gas. The Nitech™ NRU also includes integrated NGL extraction. The facility also fractionations the liquids to produce an HD-5 grade propane for the local market.

Gas Processing

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Nitech™ NRU Technology

Project Reference

PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS

Plant Location:

Paden, OK, USA

Facility Size:

480 million m³ per year

Gas Source:

Conventional low-BTU gas

Plant Type:

Nitech™ NRU

Inlet Gas:

6 - 9% N2

Project Type:

EP plus fabrication of

Completion:

the NRU cold boxes May 2008

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

An existing facility with NGL and condensate extraction, the Nitech™ NRU is located in Paden, OK, USA. For this particular facility, condensate, NGL, carbon dioxide and water are removed upstream of the NRU. In Novem- ber, 2006, a Nitech™ NRU to remove nitrogen from a slip stream of facility gas has been designed and constructed.

Implementing the Nitech™ NRU design allowed the client to more economically market their natural gas product. The Paden NRU utilizes the Nitech™ NRU technology in order to reduce the nitrogen levels below the pipeline requirements. The facility was designed to process a portion of the total volume of avail- able higher nitrogen gas to less than 1.0 mole % nitrogen, then blending this low nitrogen stream with the remaining higher nitrogen gas that bypasses the NRU. The total blnded stream meets the pipeline specification of 3.0 mole % nitrogen. By bypassing a substantial amount of gas, the capital cost and operating costs were reduced. Additional equipment purchased and installed included an amine unit and associated compression. BCCK assisted the client with specification of the amine unit and compressors. NG Resources completed the fabrication of the NRU cold boxes. The NRU was installed at the Paden Facility by a third party construction company and continues to operate today.

Conventional low-BTU Gas

Low Inlet Nitrogen Content Gas Streams

Historically, solutions for gas streams that

were just out of pipeline specification with regard to nitrogen content (3-10% nitrogen) included:

Pay a penalty for off-spec gas;

Blend gas to spec, if blend gas is available;

If associated with an NGL extraction facility, ethane may be blended with sales gas to meet the inert specification.

Today, we deliver economic solutions for processing low nitrogen gas streams:

As a stand-alone system behind the expander plant;

As an integrated part of the existing expander plant.

 As an integrated part of the existing expander plant.  Einsteinlaan 10  2289CC 

Page 6 of 8

Gas Processing

Nitech™ NRU Technology

Unconventional Gas

The unconventional gas, after exploration, may have gas processing needs to meet pipeline quality, safety, and environmental specifications. At this moment, there is too little awareness on the market on the advanced NRU gas processing technologies availiable at the global level.

Global Development

Global reserves on unconventional are tremen- dous. Furthermore, there is a wide distribution of unconventional resources.

in trillion cubic meters (TCM)

     

(Source: Rogner)

In gas-exporting regions such as the former Soviet Union and the Middle East, unconven- tional resources will not displace, but might complement conventional gas production.

In gas-importing regions such as Europe and Asia, unconventional gas become interesting as currently most gas is imported (also might reduce import needs).

The permeability in regions such as Europe and Asia is much lower to the other regions, which

Types of Unconventional Gas Tight Gas  Located in conventional pore spaces in sandstone 
Types of Unconventional Gas
Tight Gas
 Located in conventional pore
spaces in sandstone
 Low vertical permeability
because of laminated structures
 No significant gas flow without
fractures, natural or Induced
Shale Gas
 Located in shales in source rock
 Very low permeability, almost
no drainage radius, very
heterogeneous
 Must be fractured
Coal Bed/Mine Methane
 Located in coal seams, often
near surface
 Natural Fractures often filled with
water and gas
 Key challenge is removal of
iar in Coal Mine Methane

makes overall E& P costs relatively higher. But the gas price in regions such as Europe are higher, which makes to overall investment still attractive (also royalties are included).

Developments with Nitech™ NRU

Today, we are working with an oil and gas com- pany on one of the first “tight gas” exploration project in Poland, which is the first “unconven- tional” gas exploration facility to become active in Europe. We are confident this project will be the first of many “unconventional” gas process- ing projects in Europe.

156 tcm 233 tcm 36 tcm 250 tcm 126 tcm 98 tcm Key Figures: Shale
156 tcm
233 tcm
36 tcm
250 tcm
126 tcm
98 tcm
Key Figures:
Shale Gas (tcm)
Tight Gas (tcm)
tcm 98 tcm Key Figures: Shale Gas (tcm) Tight Gas (tcm) Coal Seam Gas (tcm) 
tcm 98 tcm Key Figures: Shale Gas (tcm) Tight Gas (tcm) Coal Seam Gas (tcm) 
tcm 98 tcm Key Figures: Shale Gas (tcm) Tight Gas (tcm) Coal Seam Gas (tcm) 

Coal Seam Gas (tcm)

Einsteinlaan 10 2289CC Rijswijk The Netherlands   G.I. Dynamics B.V. Kvk: 27372897

Tel: +31 (0)70 300 22 31 Fax: +31 (0)70 300 21 11   info@gidynamics.nl www.gidynamics.nl

Gas Processing

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Nitech™ NRU Technology

Coal Mine Methane Utilization

Utilizing to the Nitech™ NRU technology, you can stop venting your coal mine methane (CCM) to the atmosphere, capture that waste gas and create a sellable methane product or liquid natu- ral gas (LNG).

Benefits

extraction/enrichment:

Applying an efficient and correct drainage system will addres the inherit risks associated with coal mines. By having an effective utilization process for the drained CMM, an additional

methane

of

coal

mine

revenue can be created. Main benefits for effective capture and utilization of CMM;

Safer work environment — decreases the risk of fire/explosion

Environmentally friendly — methane, a dangerous greenhouse gas, is captured instead of vented to the atmosphere

Cost-effective fuel source — captured, processed gas can power mining equipment

New revenue source — coal mining and methane mining now go hand-in-hand

Coal Mine Methane Gas Treating Configuration Experience The Nitech™ process is already in operation across
Coal Mine Methane Gas Treating Configuration
Experience
The Nitech™ process is already in operation across the
country with coal mine methane enrichment facilities in;
Location:
Facility Size:
Process of Coal Mine Methane Utilization
Inlet Gas N2:
Pennsylvania, USA
120 million m³ annual
10% - 25%
Marketable
Location:
Gas
Facility Size:
Inlet Gas N2:
Alabama, USA
120 million m³ annual
15% – 30%
Location:
Facility Size:
Inlet Gas N2:
Illinois, USA
120 million m³ annual
15% – 30%
Carbon
Credits

CMM extraction

CMM Extraction

CMM purification

Pipeline injection or

planning

and Recovery

and compression

LNG transportation

(Source:GMI, 2010) (Source: RVID, 2009)

(Source: M.I.C.S., 2010)

Page 8 of 8

Gas Processing

Integrated Solutions

Helium Recovery

In order for proces- sors to benefit from a high value commod- ity like helium, we provide stand-alone helium extraction units, or integrated helium extraction capability in the Nitech™ NRU system.

Benefits of this process:

Simple process providing crude grade helium with 99%+ He recovery.

process providing crude grade helium with 99%+ He recovery.  Easily integrated with Nitech™ NRU. 

Easily integrated with Nitech™ NRU.

Can provide significant source of revenue

due to high helium value.

(Ultra High) CO2 Removal

The CO2 removal technologies provide producers with the most efficient and cost effective means of handling high concentrations of CO2. As an added bonus, greenhouse gas emissions are mitigated since the separated CO2 is sequestered rather than vented.

2.000 million m 3 per year CO2 removal and injection, Nitech™ NRU & HeRU extraction
2.000 million m 3 per year
CO2 removal and injection, Nitech™ NRU &
HeRU extraction facility
Wyoming, USA
This is the world’s largest CO2
sequestration project. The Wyoming project
utilizes a patented CO2 removal technology
along with the proven Nitech™ nitrogen
rejection / helium extraction process.

With either naturally occurring high CO2 or an associated CO2 flood, we can supply the best

CO2 extraction solutions, while minimizing overall capital expenditures and operating costs. We have the experience, capability and technology to cost effectively provide clients with the best CO2 extraction option for high CO2 streams either for enhanced oil recovery or for sale. Benefits based CO2 removal systems include:

Purify natural gas into an on-spec product

Create high quality CO2 for reuse or sale

Recover NGL’s for sale

NGL Extraction/Recovery

As mentioned above, G.I. Dynamics, together with its business partner BCCK Engineering Inc. is capable to provide an intregrated as well as an stand-alone NGL extraction, with high ethane recovery.

This facility includes CO2 removal and NGL extraction/stabilization. It produces high quality CO2 that is
This facility includes CO2 removal and NGL
extraction/stabilization. It produces high quality
CO2 that is reinjected with an associated
enhanced oil recovery project.
Contact Us For more information about the technology and applications, don’t hesitate to contact our
Contact Us
For more information about the technology and applications, don’t hesitate to
contact our business associates. We would be glad to help you in achieving
sustainable business!

Copyright Copyright of all published material including photographs, drawings and images in this document remains vested in GI Dynamics BV and third party contributors as appropriate. Accordingly, neither the whole nor any part of this document shall be reproduced in any form nor used in any manner without express prior permission and applicable acknowledgements. No trademark, copyright or other notice shall be altered or removed from any reproduction.

Disclaimer This document includes and is based, inter alia, on forward-looking information and statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ. These statements and this report are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about global economic conditions, the economic conditions of the regions and industries that are major markets for G.I. Dynamics and G.I. Dynamics’ (including subsidiaries and affiliates) lines of business. These expectations, estimates and projections are generally identifiable by statements containing words such as “expects”, “believes”, “estimates” or similar expressions. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expectations include, among others, economic and market conditions in the geographic areas and industries that are or will be major markets for G.I. Dynamics’ businesses, oil prices, market acceptance of new products and services, changes in governmental regulations, interest rates, fluctuations in currency exchange rates and such other factors as may be discussed from time to time in the document. Although G.I. Dynamics believes that its expectations and this document are based upon reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that G.I. Dynamics expectations will be achieved or that the actual results will be as set out in this document. G.I. Dynamics is making no representation or warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Presentation, and neither G.I. Dynamics nor any of its directors, officers or employees will have any liability to you or any other persons resulting from your use