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TOSHIBA

SURGE ARRESTER
RVLQ SERIES

1. General Introduction of Surge arrester


Toshiba surge arresters incorporate TNR elements

For over 80 years Toshiba has continuously endeavored to

(Toshiba Non-linear Resistor Zn0 Elements) with superior

improve surge arrester technology and product quality, and

non-linear voltage-current characteristics, high quality and

has achieved positive results in manufacturing and

reliability.

employing the world's top-level techniques.

Metal oxide type surge arresters offer such special features

With leading technology and manufacturing equipment,

inherent in gap-less structure as quick response to surge

Toshiba manufactures various surge arresters through

voltage, high energy dissipation capability, safe operation,

careful

compactness / lightweight and freedom from pollution.

Manufactured by modern facility under strict quality control,

application

of

our

accumulated

technology.

customers can depend on the high performance and


Toshiba surge arresters are applied for various systems

reliability of Toshiba surge arresters.

including substation equipment, ACDC converters, rolling


stock and power distribution units from 3.3kV to 800kV

In addition, we develop and manufacture various surge

system. These surge arresters demonstrate excellent

arresters, which can cope with such customer's requests as

protection properties as shown in Figure 3.

excellent

Furthermore, based on the advantage of installation in Gas

properties), compact design and lightweights, applying new

Insulated Switch-gear (GIS), these surge arresters are being

and accumulated technology.

performance

(improvement

of

protection

used widely in almost all power transmission fields.

Microstructure of TNR

Figure 1. Construction of 72kV Surge Arrester


Figure 2. Elements Series

GIS Type

Porcelain Type

for Power Station

for
Distribution
System
for Rolling Stock
for AC-DC
Converter System

Figure 3. Variation of Surge Arresters


Toshiba surge arresters are applied to various systems to protect the power transmission apparatus from
over-voltages

Figure 4. Various Applications


Toshiba 400kV surge arresters can be applied to extra heavy pollution area.

2. Feature

Surge Arrester

TNR Element

Superior Protective Performance


Applying

the

excellent

operating

performance

TNR

Superior Characteristics

elements with high non-linearity of V-I characteristics and

Toshiba has sufficient manufacturing experience and

high energy absorption capability, Toshiba metal oxide

endeavor continue development and improvement of TNR

surge arresters offer superior protective performance for the

elements.

protecting of various systems and equipment against the


various duties, such as lightning, switching and temporally

RVLQ series TNR elements are lined up applying Toshiba's

over voltages.

these high and reliability techniques, high non-linearity of


V-I

characteristics,

extremely

high-energy

absorption

capability, superior life performance.

Superior Characteristics against


Environmental Contamination
Toshiba metal oxide type surge arresters successfully

The V-I characteristics and energy absorption capability

operate even in contaminated area, since they have merits

characteristics are extremely improved by applying the fruit

such as excellent non-linearity and no-gap inherent in

of our studies over many years.

gap-less structure.

Manufacturing System

Compactness and Lightweight

TNR elements are manufactured by using advanced

Toshiba surge arresters feature compact, lightweight

facilities and modern testing devices and quality assurance

design. Compactness makes it possible to minimize

systems, conforming the standard IS09001.

installation space. Lightweight makes it easy to simplify


basement structures such as pedestal and brackets.

Quality Assurance
Toshiba operates a quality assurance program to achieve

Reliability

the best quality. Each TNR element is subjected to the

Toshiba surge arresters have simple construction and adopt

check for the V-I characteristics.

the high reliable and robust porcelain housing. The surge


arresters with firm and high quality construction are suitable

Medium

for applying the various circumstance, such as the tropics,

TNR elements can be used in various mediums, such as

the frigid zone, in addition that the area where a series of

SF6 gas and insulating oil.

earthquakes occurred.
Long

term

and

sufficient

manufacturing

experience

Variation

certificate the high reliability and quality of Toshiba surge

Various size TNR elements can be prepared for customer's

arrester.

special

requirements,

considering

the

technical

and

economical requests such as high-energy durability for

Compliance with Major standards

special application.

Toshiba surge arresters meet international standards IEC

Using such a TNR element, special type surge arresters are

and ANSI and other relevant standards.

3. Operating Principle

Boundary Layer

The TNR element consists of the main component of ZnO and


several kinds of additives, which are mixed, granulated, formed
and sintered into a complete block with electrodes on the both
surfaces.

Figure 5 shows a typical internal view of the TNR element under


a scanning electron microscope. Composed of series and
parallel connections of the ZnO grains and the boundary layers,
the energy band model is shown as Figure 5. The boundary layer
has a vary high impedance for a small current region, so the
normal operating voltage is almost all applied to its boundary
layer.

Figure 6 shows the V-I characteristics of the 550kV class surge


arrester for example. The current flowing through the TNR
element at the nominal line-to-ground voltage is on the order of
micro-amperes. As a result, the protective performance of the
TNR elements is stable in long term use, even though without

Figure 5. Conductivity Mechanism


of TNR Element

series gaps.

Figure 6. Representative V-I Characteristics for 500kV Arrester(RVLQA-420VY)

4. Performance
Toshiba's surge arresters, having no gap, comply with the latest revisions of IEC (IEC Pub.60099-4, 1991) and ANSI
(IEEE Std C62.11-1993) or other relevant standards as station type surge arresters. Their principal characteristics of each
type surge arrester are summarized in Table 1, and the detailed characteristics of each rating surge arrester are listed in
Table 2 through Table 6.

RVLQD type surge arresters are applicable up to 245kV power systems.


RVLQC type surge arresters are applicable up to 420kV power systems.
RVLQB/E type surge arresters are applicable up to 550kV power systems.
RVLQA type surge arresters are applicable up to 800kV power systems, provide highest duty and lowest protective
characteristics than the other four types.

Table 1. Standard Ratings


Type of surge arrester

RVLQD

RVLQC

RVLQB

RVLQE

RVLQA

System voltage

[kV]

3-245

60-420

60-550

60-550

60-800

Rated voltage

[kV]

3-198

54-360

54-492

54-492

54-624

In[kA]

10

10

20

20

20

IEC

Class2

Class3

Class4

Class5

Class5

ANSI

Station

Station

Station

Station

Station

Nominal discharge current


Line discharge class
High current impulse capability

[kA]

100

100

100

100

100

Pressure relief class

[kA]

20/50

50

65

65

65

Discharge voltage level ratio (Residual


voltage at 1OkA / Rated voltage)

2.7

2.6

2.3

2.3

2.2

Energy capability

4.5

11

15

28

[kJ/kV-Ur]

Note
1) Surge arrester with more heavy energy capability is available if required.
2) The energy capability values mean the dissipated total energy per two shots of switching
surge that the surge arresters can withstand thermally with these values.

Rated Voltage

Max. Continuous
(MCOV)

The maximum permissible rms value of power frequency


voltage between the terminals of surge arrester at which it is
designed to operate correctly under temporary over-voltage
conditions as established in the operating duty test. The
rated voltage is used as a reference parameter for the
specification of operating characteristics.

Operating

Voltage

The maximum designated rms value of power frequency


voltage that may be applied continuously between the
terminals of the surge arrester. MCOV is one of the most
important rating given to the surge arrester. This is because
life performance and absence of thermal runaway is
designed based on the magnitude of the MCOV in case of
the surge arrester.

Protective Characteristics

Type of Designation

Protective characteristics are summarized into residual

The type designation gives the following information. The

voltage classified as follows:

rated voltage, pollution level in accordance with IEC

1) Residual voltage for Impulse current of 8/20 sec,

standard are found in the designation.

especially at nominal discharge current

An example of the standard type designation is given below.

2) Steep current impulse residual voltage


3) Switching impulse current residual voltage

RVLQB-360HY

The maximum guaranteed values of the surge arresters are

1) RVLQ is family name

listed in Table 2 trough Table 6.

2) B designates the type of the used TNR element, which is


associated with IEC line discharge class (A: class 5, E:

Capability of Energy Dissipation

class 5, B: class 4, C: class 3, D: class 2 respectively).

The capability of the surge arrester in energy dissipation

3) 360 means rated voltage in kV.

against switching surge is well expressed by the magnitude

4) H designates the pollution level in accordance with IEC

of kJ/kV (arrester rated voltage). These values show the

standard. Following 4 different series are prepared for

dissipated total energy per two shots of switching surge that

standard.

the surge arresters can withstand thermally with these


values. Where the energy capability is inadequate in our

*Light (L)

standard series, Toshiba can also supply a surge arrester of

*Medium (M) ------------ 20mm/kV

higher capability upon request.

*Heavy (H) --------------- 25mm/kV

-------------- 16mm/kV

*Very Heavy (V) -------- 31 mm//kV

Pressure-relief Class

Creepage distance over 31 mm/kV are available on

The classification of standard pressure-relief is listed in

request.

Table-1. When placing an order, Toshiba will appropriate


the customer's coincide requirements concerning the
pressure-relief requirements.

5. Outline Dimensions

Pollution Performance

Dimensions

RVLQ type surge arresters are applicable to heavy pollution

Figure 7 and Table 7 show the representative dimension of

area, when the creepage distance of the porcelain housing

the standard class surge arrester (Pollution Level: Very

is designed to meet such a customer's requirements.

Heavy).

Toshiba must be informed of the details.

Standard Mechanical Strength


Nominal Service Condition

The maximum permissible bending strength of surge

Toshiba surge arresters are designed for normal indoor or

arrester can be calculated by dividing the listed maximum

outdoor operation under the following conditions:

bending moment with the surge arrester height.

1) Ambient air temperature within the range from 40 C to


+40 C
2) Altitude not exceeding 1000m
3) Power voltage frequency from 48Hz to 62Hz

Table 2. Performance of t e RVLQD


Rated
Voltage

Max.
continuous
operating
voltage

[kVrms]

[kVcrest]

3
4.5
6
7.5
9
10
10.5
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
33
36
39
42
45
48
51
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
172
180
192
196
198

2.6
3.9
5.1
64
7.7
85
9.0
10 2
12.8
15 3
17.1
19.5
21.9
24 3
26.8
29.2
31.6
341
36 5
38.9
41.4
43 8
48.6
53 5
58.4
63 2
68.1
72.9
77.8
87 5
97.2
107
117
126
136
139
146
156
159
160

Max. residual voltage


at indicated impulse
current at 8/20us

* Max.
switching surge
protective level

[kVcrest]
V5kA
7.30
11.0
14.7
19.1
22.8
24 8
26.8
30 1
37.5
44 8
52.2
60.2
67.6
74.9
82.3
90.3
97.7
105
115
120
130
135
151
168
131'
198
214
228
241
271
301
331
361
391
422
432
452
482
492
499

V10kA
8.05
12.1
16.1
20.8
24.9
27.1
29.2
32.9
40.9
49.0
57.0
65.8
73.8
81.9
89.9
98.7
107
115
126
132
143
148
165
184
197
216
230
249
263
296
329
362
395
428
461
472
494
526
537
545

** Steep current
impulse
residual voltage

[kVcrest]
V20kA
9.23
13.9
18.5
239
28.5
31 1
33.6
37 8
47.0
56 2
65.5
75 5
84.7
94 0
103
113
123
132
144
151
164
170
189
211
227
248
264
286
302
340
378
415
453
491
529
541
566
604
617
626

V40kA
11.2
167
22.3
289
34.4
37 5
40.5
45 5
56.7
67 8
78.9
91.0
102
113
124
137
148
159
174
182
197
204
228
254
273
299
319
345
364
410
455
501
546
592
637
652
683
728
743
754

500A
6.17
926
12.31
16.0
19.1
20.8
22.4
25.2
31.4
37.6
43.7
50 5
56.6
62 8
69.0
75 7
81.9
88.0
96.4
101
109
113
126
141
151
166
177
191
202
227
252
278
303
328
353
362
379
404
412
418

1000A
6.44
9.65
12 9
16.7
19.9
21 6
23.4
26 3
32.8
39 2
45.6
52 6
59.1
65.5
719
78.9
85.4
918
101
105
114
118
132
147
158
173
184
199
211
237
263
290
316
342
368
377
395
421
430
436

[kVcrest]
2000A
6.76
10.1
13.5
17.5
20.9
22 7
24.6
27 7
34.4
41.2
47.9
55 3
62.1
68 8
75.6
83.0
89:7
96.5
106
111
120
124
138
154
166
182
194
210
221
249
277
304
332
360
387
396
415
442
452
458

The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.
* Switching surge current impulse
** Steep current impulse

:virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us
:virtual front time of 1 us with limits

10kA
8.85
133
17.7
229
27.3
29 8
32.2
36 2
45, 0
53 9
62.7
72 4
81.2
90 1
98.9
109
117
126
138
145
157
163
181
202
217
238
253
274
290
326
362
398
434
470
507
519
543
579
591
600

20kA
10.2
153
20 4
264
31.4
34 2
37.0
41 6
51.7
61 9
72.0
83 1
93.3
103
114
125
135
145
159
166
180
187
208
232
249
273
291
315
332
374
415
457
498
540
582
595
623
665
678
689

Table 3. Performance oft a RVLQC


Rated
Voltage

Max. residual voltage


at indicated impulse
current at 8/20us

Max.
continuous
operating
voltage

[kVrms]

[kVcrest]

[kVrms]
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
172
180
192
196
198
200
204
216
228
240
252
258
264
276
288
294
300
306
312
324
342
360

43.8
48 6
53.5
58 4
63.2
68.1
72.9
77.8
87.5
97 2
107
117
127
137
140
146
156
159
161
162
166
175
185
195
205
209
214
224
234
239
243
248
253
263
278
292

* Max.
switching surge
protective level

V5kA
128
144
154
172
186
199
212
225
260
286
313
339
371
397
405
424
450
463
472
477
485
511
543
569
596
609
622
657
683
696
715
728
741
768
807
847

V10kA
138
156
167
187
201
215
230
244
282
310
339
367
402
430
439
459
488
502
511
516
525
554
588
617
645
660
674
711
740
754
774
789
803
832
875
918

[kVcrest]
V20kA
154
174
187
209
225
241
257
273
315
347
379
411
449
481
491
513
545
561
571
577
587
619
657
689
721
738
754
795
827
843
866
882
898
930
978
1026

V40kA
179
202
217
243
261
280
298
317
366
403
440
477
522
559
570
596
634
652
664
671
682
719
764
801
838
857
876
924
962
980
1006
1025
1043
1080
1136
1192

500A
1018
122
131:
146
157
168
180
191
220
243
265
287
314
336
343
359
381
392
399
404
411
433
460
482
504
516
527
556
578
590
605
616
628
650
684
717

1000A
112
127
136
152
163
175
187
198
229
252
275
299
326
350
357
373
396
408
415
420
427
450
478
501
524
536
548
578
601
613
629
641
652
676
711
746

[kVcrest]
2000A
118
133
142
159
171
184
196
208
240
264
289
313
342
367
374
391
416
428
435
440
448
472
501
526
550
562
574
606
631
643
660
672
684
709
745
782

The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows
* Switching surge current impulse
**Steep current impulse

:virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us
:virtual front time of 1us with limits

** Steep current
impulse
residual voltage

10kA
152
171
184
205
221
237
253
268
310
341
373
404
442
473
483
505
536
552
562
568
578
609
647
678
710
726
741
783
814
830
852
867
883
915
962
1009

20kA
170
191
205
230
247
265
282
300
346
381
417
452
494
529
540
564
600
617
628
635
646
681
723
758
794
811
829
875
910
928
952
970
987
1023
1076
1128

Table 4. Performance oft type RVLQB


Rated
voltage

Max.
continuous
operating
voltage

[kVrms]

[kVrms]

54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
172
180
192
196
198
200
204
216
228
240
252
258
264
276
288
294
300
306
312
324
342
360
378
390
396
420
444
468
492

43.8
48.6
53.5
58.4
63.2
68.1
72.9
77.8
87.5
97 2
107
117
127
137
140
146
156
159
161
162
166
175
185
195
205
209
214
224
234
239
243
248
253
263
278
292
307
316
321
341
360
380
399

5kA
116
128
146
157
169
181
193
205
232
256
284
308
332
361
368
385
409
421
421
457
441
465
489
513
537
553
566
590
614
626
645
657
662
693
734
770
806
830
842
890
950
998
1046

Max. residual voltage


at indicated impulse
current at 8/20us

*Max.
switching surge
protective level

** Steep current
impulse
residual voltage

[kVcrest]

[kVcrest]

[kVcrest]

1OkA
125
138
151
169
182
195
208
221
249
275
306
332
358
389
397
415
441
454
454
492
474
500
526
552
578
596
609
635
661
674
694
707
712
746
790
829
868
894
907
958
1023
1075
1127

V20kA
138
153
167
187
201
215
230
244
276
305
339
367
396
430
439
459
488
502
502
545
525
554
582
611
640
660
674
703
731
746
769
783
788
826
874
917
960
989
1003
1061
1132
1190
1247

V40kA
154
170
186
208
224
240
256
272
307
339
377
409
441
479
489
511
543
559
559
607
585
617
648
680
712
734
750
782
814
830
856
872
878
920
974
1022
1069
1101
1117
1181
1261
1325
1389

500A
99
109
119
134
144
154
164
175
197
218
242
263
283
308
314
328
349
359
359
390
375
396
416
437
457
471
482
502
523
533
549
560
564
590
625
656
887,
707
717
758
809
850
891

1000A
103
113
124
139
150
160
171
181
205
226
252
273
294
320
326
341
362
373
373
405
390
411
433
454
475
490
501
522
543
554
571
582
586
614
650
682
714
735
746
788
841
884
926

2000A
108
119
130
145
156
168
179
190
215
237
263
286
308
335
341
357
379
390
390
424
408
430
453
475
497
513
524
546
568
579
597
609
613
642
680
713
747
769
780
824
880
925
969

The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.
* Switching surge current impulse
** Steep current impulse

:virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us
:virtual front time of 1 us with limits

10

10kA
137
152
166
186
200
214
228
243
274
303
337
365
394
428
436
456
485
499
499
542
522
550
579
607
636
656
670
698
727
741
764
778
784
821
869
912
955
983
997
1054
1125
1182
1239

20kA
152
168
183
205
221
237
253
268
303
335
373
404
436
473
483
505
536
552
552
599
577
609
641
672
704
725
741
773
804
820
845
861
867
908
962
1009
1056
1088
1104
1167
1246
1309
1372

Table 5. Performance oft a RVLQE


Rated
Voltage

Max.
continuous
operating
voltage

[kVrms]

[kVrms]

Max. residual voltage


at indicated impulse
current at 8/20us

* Max.
switching surge
protective level

[kVcrest]
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
172
180
192
196
198
200
204
216
228
240
252
258
264
276
288
294
300
306
312
324
342
360
378
390
396
420
444
468
492

43.8
48.6
53.5
58 4
63.2
68.1
72.9
77 8
87.5
97 2
107
117
127
137
140
146
156
159
161
162
166
175
185
195
205
209
214
224
234
239
243
248
253
263
278
292
307
316
321
341
360
380
399

V5kA
115
127
143
151
163
175
187
198
222
246
275
298
322
346
353
370
394
401
406
413
418
444
468
492
520
532
544
568
596
608
620
632
644
668
703
739
775
799
811
870
918
966
1013

V10kA
123
136
154
161
174
187
200
213
238
264
294
320
345
371
379
396
422
430
435
442
447
476
501
527
557
570
583
608
639
652
664
677
690
715
754
792
830
856
869
932
983
1035
1086

V20kA
136
150
170
178
192
206
220
235
263
291
325
353
381
409
418
437
465
474
480
488
494
525
553
581
615
629
643
671
706
719
733
747
761
790
832
874
916
945
959
1029
1085
1142
1198

[kVcrest]
V40kA
152
167
189
199
215
230
246
262
293
325
362
394
425
457
466
488
520
529
535
545
551
586
617
649
686
702
718
749
787
803
818
834
850
881
929
976
1023
1054
1070
1149
1212
1275
1337

500A
99
110
124
130
140
151
161
171
192
212
237
257
278
298
305
319
340
346
350
356
360
383
404
424
449
459
469
490
514
525
536
545
555
576
607
638
668
689
699
751
792
833
874

1000A
103
113
128
135
145
156
167
177
199
220
245
267
288
309
316
330
352
358
362
369
373
397
418
439
465
475
486
507
533
543
554
565
575
596
628
660
692
714
724
777
820
862
905

[kVcrest]
2000A
107
118
134
140
152
163
174
185
207
229
256
278
306
322
329
344
367
373
378
385
389
414
436
458
484
496
507
529
555
566
578
589
600
622
655
688
722
744
755
811
855
899
944

The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.
* Switching surge current impulse
**Steep current impulse

:virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us
:virtual front time of 1us with limits

11

**Steep current
impulse
residual voltage

10kA
135
150
169
178
192
206
220
234
262
290
323
352
380
408
416
436
464
472
478
487
492
523
551
579
613
627
641
669
703
717
731
745
759
787
829
871
913
941
955
1026
1082
1138
1194

20kA
149
165
186
196
211
227
242
258
289
320
357
388
419
450
459
481
512
521
527
537
543
577
608
639
676
692
707
738
775
791
806
822
837
868
915
961
1008
1039
1054
1132
1194
1256
1318

Table 6. Performance oft a RVLQA


Rated
Voltage

[kVrms]
54
60
66
72
78
84
90
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
172
180
192
196
198
200
204
216
228
240
252
258
264
276
288
294
300
306
312
324
342
360
378
390
396
420
444
468
492
540
564
576
588
600
612
624

Max. residual voltage


at indicated impulse
current at 8/20us

Max.
continuous
operating
voltage

* Max.
switching surge
protective level

[kVcrest]
[kVrms]
43.8
48.6
53.5
58.4
63.2
68.1
72.9
77.8
87.5
97.2
107
117
126
136
139
146
156
159
160
162
165
175
185
194
204
209
214
224
233
238
243
248
253
263
277
292
306
316
321
340
360
379
399
437
457
467
476
486
496
506

V5kA
111
123
140
152
163
175
186
198
221
250
274
297
320
343
355
367
396
402
407
413
419
442
465
489
518
529
541
564
588
599
611
622
640
663
698
733
774
797
808
855
907
954
1006
1099
1151
1175
1198
1221
1244
1273

V10kA
118
130
149
161
173
186
198
210
235
266
291
315
340
365
377
390
420
427
433
439
445
470
495
519
550
562
575
600
624
637
649
661
680
704
742
779
822
847
859
908
964
1013
1069
1168
1223
1248
1273
1297
1322
1353

[kVcrest]
V20kA
126
139
159
172
185
198
212
225
251
284
311
337
363
390
403
416
449
456
462
469
476
502
528
555
588
601
614
641
667
680
693
707
726
753
792
832
878
904
918
970
1030
1083
1142
1248
1307
1333
1360
1386
1413
1446

V40kA
141
156
178
192
207
222
237
252
281
318
348
377
407
436
451
466
503
510
517
525
532
562
591
621
658
672
687
717
746
761
776
790
813
842
886
931
982
1012
1027
1086
1152
1211
1278
1396
1462
1492
1521
1551
1580
1617

500A
101
111
127
137
148
159
169
180
201
227
248
269
290
311
322
332
359
364
369
375
380
401
422
443
469
480
490
511
533
543
554
564
580
601
633
664
701
722
733
775
822
864
912
996
1044
1065
1086
1107
1128
1154

1000A
104
115
131
142
153
164
175
186
208
235
257
278
300
322
333
344
371
376
382
387
393
415
436
458
485
496
507
529
551
562
573
583
600
622
654
687
725
747
758
801
850
894
943
1030
1079
1101
1123
1145
1166
1194

[kVcrest]
2000A
108
120
137
148
159
171
182
194
216
245
267
290
313
335
347
358
387
392
398
404
409
432
455
477
506
517
529
551
574
585
597
608
625
648
682
716
756
778
790
835
886
932
983
1074
1125
1147
1170
1193
1216
1244

The wave shapes of switching surge and steep current impulse are as follows.
* Switching surge current impulse
**Steep current impulse

:virtual front time greater than 30us but less than 100us
:virtual front time of 1us with limits
12

* *Steep current
impulse
residual voltage

10kA
130
143
164
177
191
204
218
231
259
293
320
347
374
401
415
428
462
469
476
483
490
517
544
571
605
619
632
659
687
700
714
727
748
775
816
856
904
931
945
999
1060
1115
1176
1284
1345
1373
1400
1427
1454
1488

20kA
138
153
175
189
204
218
233
247
276
313
342
371
400
429
443
458
494
501
509
516
523
552
581
610
646
661
676
705
734
748
763
777
799
828
871
915
966
995
1009
1067
1133
1191
1256
1372
1438
1467
1496
1525
1554
1590

Table 7. Dimensions of type RVLQD, RVLQC, RVLQB, RVLQE, RVLQA


Rated
voltage
Type

Fig.
[kVrms]

RVLQD

RVLQC

RVLQB

RVLQE

RVLQA

3-12
15-39
42-84
90-120
132-174
180-198
42-84
90-120
132-174
180-216
228-360
54-120
132-216
228-390
396-492
54-120
132-216
228-390
396-492
54-120
132-216
228-390
396-492
540-624

(a)
(b)
(b)
(b)
(c)
(c)
(b)
(b)
(c)
(c)
(d)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Approx.
Height
H
[mm]
300
750
1100
1500
2100
2850
1100
1500
2100
2850
4360
1500
2900
4400
5900
1550
2950
4500
5950
1550
2950
4500
5900
7300

Dimensions
Grading
Insulator
Ring
dia.D
dia.d1
[mm]
[mm]
140
260
600
600
260
600
600
1400
300
300
600
1400
2000
325
600
325
1400
2000
600
345
1400
200
2500

Base
B

[mm]
-

[mm]
-

[mm]
-

240

280

15

240

280

15

270

320

19

270

320

19

330

380

24

330

380

24

330

380

24

Creepage
Distance

Approx.
mass

Maximum
Bending
Moment

[mm]

[kg]

[Nm]

220
1640
2990
4340
5980
8680
2990
4340
5980
8680
13020
4340
8680
13020
17360
4340
8680
13020
17360
4340
8680
13020
17360
26040

15
60
70
80
160
180
60
70
80
160
180
125
280
420
560
165
360
500
650
215
450
700
900
1200

5070

Figure 7. Outline of type RVLQD, RVLQC, RVLQB, RVLQE, RVLQA

13

6500

6500
10000
15000
21000
24000

31000

6. Structure
Typical structure of surge arresters are shown in Figure 8 (porcelain type) and Figure 9 (GIS type). The surge arresters are
basically composed of the TNR elements, housing and associated parts with insulating gas filling as shown in figures. The
hermetic sealing of the housing is constructed with weather-proof synthetic rubber. The pressure relief diaphragm is
structured with special metal plate, which is ruptured when a sudden pressure rise occurs in case of the internal failure. If
the detailed information about the GIS type surge arrester is required, please contact us.

14

7. Research and Development


The development of TNR element has provided a great improvement of protective performance in surge arresters. Under
continuous programs in our laboratory, research and development activities on reliability verification and optimum application
technology of the TNR element are also being conducted. To realize successful commercial application of the new products,
the verification of equipment reliability over a long period is indispensable. Additionally, a clear comprehension of the actual
phenomena must be attained. Toshiba conducts various long-term voltage application test on actual equipment or on
insulating element models, thereby contributing to equipment reliability over expanded periods of operation. Basic data
accumulated by steady efforts substantiate Toshiba's equipment reliability.

After long term research and development, the following representative new products as shown in figure 10, 11 and 12 are

High Gradient Type


Grain Size: 5m

Standard Type
Grain Size: 10m

Figure 10. Conparison of Microstructure of Each TNR Element

Figure 11. Comparison V-I Characteristics of Each TNR Element

15

Figure12. Variation of TNR Elements used for 3.3- 1000kV and Various Type Surge Arrester
Various size and series TNR elements can be prepared for customer's special requirements,
considering the technical and economical requests such as high-energy durability for special
application.

8. Maintenance
Toshiba recommend the following maintenance work be carefully effected:
Leakage Current Measurement
Insulating Resistance Measurement
Outer Visual Inspection
The surge arrester have a possibility to lead into a failure by extremely heavy lightnings, which are supposed
as over duty, therefore the maintenance work should be done at the fine day. The measured value should be

16

9. Accessories
The following special accessories can be supplied upon the customer's request:
Surge Counter
Surge Current recorder
Leakage Current Measurement Device

OUTLINE OF SURGE COUNTER

Fig. (a)

Fig. (B)

Performance
Indication of Counter
Minimum Operating Current
Maximum High Current Withstand Capability
Residual Voltage at 1OOkA(4/10 us)
Switching Impulse Current Withstand
Ammeter scale

: 6 digit cyclometer at least 5


: 20A(8/20 us)
: 100kA(4/10 us)
: 5kV peak and below
: 4000A x 2ms
: 0-5mA rms(linear scale)

17

10. Designating Specifications


When Placing an Order
It is recommended that specifications are checked by using the type selecting check sheet below and attaching this
sheet to your order sheet:

Type selecting check list

DATE:

FILLED BY:

SITE LOCATION / INSTALLED AT:

CUSTOMER / COUNTRY:
DELIVERY DATE:
STANDARD:

IEC

ANSI

OTHERS(

INSTALLATION:
AMBIENT CONDITION:

DUSTY

SALTY

FLYASH

OTHERS(

REQUIREMENT FOR EARTH QUAKE:

SYSTEM MAX. VOLTAGE

[kV]

SYSTEM NOMINAL VOLTAGE

[kV]

NEUTRAL EARTHING CONDITION


RATED VOLTAGE

[kV]

RATED FREQUENCY

[Hz]

LINE DISCHARGE CLASS


NOMINAL DISCHARGE CURRENT

[kA]
at 5kA

RESIDUAL VOLTAGE

[kV]

at 10kA
at 20kA
POWER

WITHSTAND VOLTAGE

[kV]

FREQUENCY
L. I. W. L.
S. I. W. L.

CREEPAGE DISTANCE
[mm]

Fill number in each columns or place check mark () in solid-line rectangle. Should no marking be given,
Toshiba's standard items will be supplied.

18

11. General Introduction


of Hamakawasaki Works

Established
Location

:1962
: Kawasaki

Main Products:
Transformers
Switchgears
Surge Arresters
Lasers
Monitoring Systems
CAD Software

19

TOSHIBA
TOSHIBA CORPORATION
POWER SYSTEMS AND SERVICES COMPANY
1-1,SHIBAURA 1-CHOME, MINATO-KU, TOKYO 105-8001,JAPAN
PHONE: +81-3-3457-3770

The data given in this catalog are subject to change without notice.

5060-4

00-4 C2