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SOALAN PENILAIAN KURIKULUM PERTENGAHAN TAHUN SPM PEJABAT PELAJARAN DAERAH SEGAMAT

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS:

• 1. Which of the following statement is not true?

• A. Displacement is the total length of the path taken by the object from one location to the other in a specific direction.

• B. Distance is a vector quantity because the direction of motion is considered.

• C. Speed is the distance travelled per unit time.

• D. The SI unit for speed is the same as the unit for velocity.

B

• 1. Hamidi cycles 3 km north from his house and then turn east and cycles another 4 km and stopped at Siva’s house. The total displacement from Hamidi’s house to Siva’s house is

 A. 7 km B. 1 km C. km D. 5 km D
• 2. A motorcyclist started pressing his brake from 20 ms -1 to stop with a uniform deceleration in 4 seconds. What is his deceleration, in ms -2 ?

 A. 5 B. 80 C. -80 D. -5 A
• 3. Ka Yan used a ticker-timer to study the motion of a trolley. In which of the following tape charts shown by Ka Yan below is the trolley moving with an increasing acceleration? C

• 4. A vehicle experiences an acceleration when there is a change of

• A. distance

B. displacement

 C. direction D. velocity D. 5. The acceleration of the trolley attached to a ticker-timer as shown in the above diagram is A. 600 cms -2 B. 300 cms -2 C. 2.4 cms -2 D. 60 cms -2 A 6. A bullet of a mass of 10 g travels at a speed of 200 ms -1 hits a wooden wall and embedded into the wooden wall. It takes 0.2 seconds before it stopped in the wall. The deceleration of the bullet is A. 10 000 ms -2 B. 40 ms -2 C. 1 000 ms -2 D. 400 ms -2 A 7. Which of the following physical quantity remains constant when a fruit is dropped from a tree? A. Momentum B. Velocity C. Acceleration B 8. Which part of the displacement-time graph shown in the diagram below represents a non-moving vehicle? A. OP B. PQ C. QR D. ST B
• 9. The diagram below shows the acceleration-time graph of a car. Which of the following displacement-time graphs below represents the movement of the above car? B

• 10. The diagram below shows a velocity-time graph of two moving objects P and Q. Both of the started at the same position and at the same time. P meets Q again at a time after t seconds. What is the value of t in second? A. 4 B. 5 C. 2 D. 3 D

12. The diagram below show the velocity-time graph of the movement of a lorry. Which of the following displacement-time graph represents the correct relationship with the velocity- time graph of the lorry? A

• 13. The following ticker-tape describes the movement of a 2 kg trolley attached to a ticker timer. Which of the following statements is true about the movement of the trolley?

• A. The trolley is moving with a constant deceleration.

• B. The trolley is moving with a constant velocity.

• C. The trolley is moving constant change of velocity.

• D. The trolley is moving with a constant change of acceleration.

C

• 14. Which of the following velocity-time graph shows the movement of an elastic ball dropped from a certain height and bounced back to the same height? (Assume that the downward direction is positive).

A. B. C. D. D

• 15. Which of the following statement is true for a small van travelling at an initial velocity of 4 ms -1

covering 45 m in 5 seconds?

• A. The van is moving with a constant velocity.

• B. The van experiences deceleration.

• C. The velocity of the van is 14 ms -1 after 5 s.

• D. The distance travelled after 10s in 90 m.

C

• 16. The diagram below shows the motion of an air puck recorded by a stroboscopic camera with a frequency of 50 Hz. The average speed of the air puck in cms -1 is

 A. 50 B. 60 C. 75 D. 100

B

• 17. A big airplane needs long landing track to land and stop compared to a small air plane because

• A. its inertia is very big

• B. it moves with a very high velocity

• C. its braking power is small

• D. it is too long.

A The concept used to explain the system is

• A. Newton’s First Law

• C. Pressure Law

B. Newton’s Second Law

D.

Boyle’s Principle

A

• 19. In an experiment to determine the relationship between inertia and mass, the inertia is represented by

• A. length of inertia balance

B. the period of oscillation

• C. type of inertia blade

D. the angle of displacement of the inertia balance

B

• 20. A constant force is applied to an object to move it. When the mass of the object is increased without

increasing the force

• A. The acceleration increases

B.

the rate of change of velocity decreases

• C. the inertia increases

D . the displacement reduced.

B

Structured Questions

• 1. The diagram below shows a ticker-timer tape chart of the motion of a toy car. Every single tape contains 10 dot intervals made by a ticker-timer with a frequency of 50 Hz. (a) What is the time for each dot interval?

…………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]

(b) What is the time for every single tape (strip)?

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

• (c) Describe the motion of the toy car in

 (i) OA …………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) AB …………………………………………………………………………… ……… [1 mark] (d) What is the distance moved by the object in OA? (i) ……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) Calculate the average speed of OA [2 marks] (e) Calculate the average velocity represented by the ticker tape (i) number 1: (ii) number 5:

[2 marks]

• (f) Calculate the acceleration of the toy car in OA.

[2 marks]

• 2. The diagram below shows the velocity-time graph of a car • (a) Describe the motion of the car in

 (i) PQ……………………………………………………………………… ……………… [1 mark] (ii) RS…………………. …………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (iii) ST………………… .. ………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]
• (b) Calculate the distance travelled from R to T

(c) Calculate the average velocity from R to T

[3 marks]

• (d) Calculate the acceleration of the motion at

[2 marks]

 (i) PQ……………………………………………………………………… ……………… (ii) [1 mark] QR……………………………………………………………………… ……………. [1 mark] (iii) ST…………………………………………………………………………

………… .. [1 mark]

• (e) Sketch the acceleration-time graph for the car for the first 10 s on the axes given below. [2 marks] Section B 1. (a) What is the meaning of mass? [1 mark]  Diagram (a)

Diagram (b)

• (b) Diagram (a) shows a car and Diagram (b) shows a school bus. Compare the difficulty in which to accelerate both vehicles at the same rate and to negotiate corners. Relating the mass of the car and the school bus with the difficulty of obtaining same accelerating rate or negotiate corners, deduce a relevant physics concepts.

[5 marks]

(c) By using a suitable physics concept, explain how a person can escape if he is being chased by a large animal such as buffalo.

[4 marks]

• (d) (i) Diagram (c) shows a pile driver which is used in construction. Explain how the hammer is

used to drive the pile into the ground.

[6 marks] Diagram (c)

(ii) Diagram (d) shows a man jumping from a tower in a bungee jump event. Diagram (d) By using suitable physics concepts explain necessary safety measures to be taken in making the rope if the jumper has a great mass. marks]

[4

PAPER III

Section A Answer all questions in this section.

• 1. A group of students using a stroboscope studies the motion of an air puck moving on a smooth surface after being given a slight push as shown in the diagram below. The stroboscope has 10 slits and makes 2 complete cycles per second. The students investigate the relationship between the acceleration of the object and the diameter of the air puck.  Direction of motion of the air puck

The air puck with a diameter of 25.0 cm is pushed with a constant force. The motion is recorded as in Diagram (a). The diameter of the air puck is reduced to 20.0 cm, 15.0 cm, 10.0 cm and 5.0 cm and being given the same push. The motions recorded are as shown in Diagrams (b), (c), (d) and (e). |-------------------------x 1 --------------------------|

Diagram (a) |-----------------------------------x 2 ----------------------------------|

Diagram (b) |------------------------------------------x 3 --------------------------------------------|

Diagram (c) |--------------------------------------------------x 4 -------------------------------------------------------|

Diagram (d) |--------------------------------------------------------x 5 ----------------------------------------------------------|

Diagram (e)

(a) From the above experiment, state the

 (i) manipulative variable …. ……………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) responding variable ……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (iii) constant variable .. …………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]

(b) Base on Diagrams (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e),

• (i) Measure the length x 1 , x 2 , x 3 , x 4 and x 5 and record in the space provided.

[2 marks]

(ii) If f = np where n = number of slits and p is the number of complete cycles per second, calculate the acceleration, a, for x 1 , x 2 , x 3 , x 4 and x 5 using the formula a = 2xf 2

[2 marks]

(iii)

Tabulate your results for diameter, d, length, x, and acceleration, a, in the space provided below.

 [3 marks] (c) On the graph paper on page , plot a graph of a against d. [5 marks]
• (d) Base on the graph in 1(c), state the relationship between a and d.

……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

A graph of acceleration, a, against diameter, d. 2.

A student carries an experiment to investigate the relationship between the final velocity, v of a trolley moving with a uniform acceleration, and time t. The relationship between the final velocity, v of the trolley and the time to reach the final velocity is as shown in the graph below. (a) (i) Based on the graph, write the relationship between final velocity, v and time, t.

………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]

(ii) Find v, when t = 5 s.

 [2 marks] (b) (i) Calculate the gradient of the graph. [3 marks]

(ii) State the unit of the gradient

(iii)

………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 marks] If v = u + at, where a, is a constant, write the value of a giving suitable unit for a.

………………………………………………………………………………………… ..

………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [2 marks]

• (c) From the graph also find the value of v when t = 0 s.

[2 marks]

• (d) State one safety precaution to ensure the accuracy in making measurement in this experiment. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

Section B Answer one question only from this section • 1. The diagram above shows a fully loaded and an empty cargo. The captain of the fully loaded

cargo has to stop the engine of his cargo 25 km away from the harbour before anchoring. The captain of the non-loaded cargo needs to stop the engine about 10 km away from the harbour before anchoring.

Based on your observation,

• (a) Write one suitable inference that can be made.

• (b) Write one appropriate hypothesis for this investigation.

• (c) With the use of appropriate apparatus, describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description, state clearly the following

• i. Aim of the experiment Variables involved in the experiment

ii.

iii. List of apparatus and materials

iv. Arrangement of the apparatus

• v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.

vi. Way you tabulate the data. vii. Way you would analyse the data.

[12 marks] Diagram (a) Diagram (b) The diagram above shows a small girl sliding along a slide. She found that when slides from a higher slide, her velocity at the end of the slide is higher.

Based on your observation,

• (a) Write one suitable inference that can be made.

• (b) Write one appropriate hypothesis for this investigation.

• (c) With the use of appropriate apparatus, describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description, state clearly the following

• i. Aim of the experiment

ii. Variables involved in the experiment

iii. List of apparatus and materials

iv. Arrangement of the apparatus

• v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. vi. Way you tabulate the data. vii. Way you would analyse the data.

[12 marks]

Objective Section:

 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C 5. D 6. A 7. A 8. B 9. B 10.B 11.D 12.A 13.C 14.D 15.C 16.B 17.A 18.A 19.B 20.B Structured Questions Question 1

MARKING SCHEME

 (a) 0.02 s  (b) 0.2 s  (c) (i) Accelerate uniformly  (ii) Decelerate non-uniformly/decreasing deceleration  (d) (i) 30 cm  (ii) 30 cms -1  (e) (i) = 10 cms -1  (ii) = 50 cms -1  (f) = 50 cms -2  Question2 (a) (i) accelerating uniformly



(ii) moving with constant velocity/not accelerating



(iv)

Decelerating uniformly/reducing velocity uniformly (b)
(30)(4 + 6)

= 150 m with unit

(c)

= 12.5 m

(d)
(i)
2.5 ms -2

(ii) 5 ms -2

(iv)
– 15 ms -2

(e)
1 correct

2 correct

All correct

SectionB
1.
(a)
Quantity of matter in an object

(b)
Car in Diagram (a) has less mass
Less inertia
Bus in Diagram (b) has greater mass



Greater inertia
The greater the mass the greater is the inertia


(c)
A buffalo has very great mass and therefore has greater inertia



The buffalo is very difficult to change direction when it is running very fast



A boy has very small mass compared to buffalo



The boy can run in a zigzag manner or change direction quickly to escape from

the chasing buffalo.



 (d) (i) The hammer has a very large mass  It has then a very big inertia The hammer released hits the pile with a very big force   The pile is very large compared to the hammer Release from very high position above the ground   Produce very great impact towards the ground   (ii) The rope must be very strong  Avoid breaking if too much force is applied Very elastic Allows to prolong the time of stretch   Paper III Section A Question 1: (a) (i) Diameter, d of the air puck  . (ii) Acceleration, a, of the air puck (iii)Frequency of stroboscope/force applied   (b) 6.4 cm, 8.6 cm, 10.6 cm, 12.9 cm, 14.0 cm   All correct At least 3 correct 5.12 ms -2 , 6.88 ms -2 , 8.48 ms -2 , 10.32 ms -2 , 11.20 ms -2 . All correct  At least 3 correct  (c) Diameter, d/cm Length, x/ cm Acceleration, a/ms -2 25.0 6.4 5.12 20.0 8.6 6.88 15.0 10.6 8.48 10.0 12.9 10.32 5.0 14.0 11.20 (d) Acceleration, a, relates linearly with diameter, d. Question 2: (a) (i) V relates linearly with t  (ii) V = 23 ms -1 , intrapolation on the graph shown  (b) (i) Draw triangle on the graph (one side at least 8 units) = 2.5 unit  (ii) ms -2  (iii) Value of a = gradient  a = 2.5 ms -2 . (c) 10 cms -1 (accept without unit),   extrapolation shown (d) Avoid parallax error by placing eyes vertically above the measurement. 



Or any suitable answers

Section B

1.

EXEPRIMENT 1: FACTORS AFFECTING INERTIA Marks
Inference
1
Hypothesis
1
Aim of
Inertia is affected by mass.
When mass increase, inertia also increases
To find the relationship between inertia and mass.
1
Experiment
Variables
Manipulative
Mass, m.
Inertia, or (period of oscillation, T) Both correct
1
Responding
Fixed
Liquid density
, acceleration due to gravity, g.
1
Set of
1
apparatus and
materials
G-clamp, inertia balance, digital stop-watch.
Or
G-clamp, triple beam balance, plastercine and digital stop-watch.
Set up of
apparatus
As shown in the diagram
or
Draw a jig-saw blade
attached to a leg of a table
using G-clamp and clusters
of weighted plastercine
attached to the other end of
the blasé.
1 mark (diagram clear and labeled)
Procedure
1. Apparatus and material set as shown in the above diagram.
2.
A cylinder is plunged into one of the holes and the balance
brought to one side.
3.
The balance is released and simultaneously the stop-watch starts.
1
4.
After 10 complete oscillation, the stop-watch stopped and the
time taken for 10 complete oscillations recorded.
1

5. Repeat steps 2 to 4 with 2 and 3 cylinders.
Accept the next method and give marks on: Tabulation
Data Conclusion  The controlling of manipulative variables. The recording of responding variable. Repetition for other manipulative variables. The data is tabulated in the following table   Time for one
complete
oscillation, T/s
T 2 /s 2
Number of
cylinders
Time for 10
complete
oscillations,
T/s
1
2
3 Suit for the other experiment if chosen. It was found that the period of oscillation (inertia) increase as the mass increases.     1 1 1 Question 2

EXEPRIMENT 1: FACTORS AFFECTING INERTIA

 Marks Inference Final velocity depends on the height of the slope. 1 Hypothesis 1 Aim of When height of slope increase, final velocity alsoincreases To find the relationship between final velocity and height of slope. 1 Experiment Variables Manipulative Responding Height, h. Final velocity, v) Both correct 1 Fixed 1 Set of Frequency of ticker-timer, length of plank Friction compensated runway, trolley, ticker-timer, ticker-tapes, books to 1 apparatus and hinge the runway, meter rule, power supply. materials Set up of apparatus As shown in the diagram 1 mark (diagram clear and labeled)
Procedure
1. Apparatus and material set as shown in the above diagram.
2.
The plank is raised to 5.0 cm at one end and the trolley then released.
1
3.
The ticker tape is observed and the final velocity is calculated by using
1
the formula v = u + at or v =
where s is taken from the ten last dots
4.
Procedure 2 to 4 were repeated with the height of the plank 10.0 cm, 15.0
1
cm, 20.0 cm and 25.0 cm.
All readings recorded in the table.
Data
The data is tabulated in the following table
1
Tabulation
Height of
plank, h/cm
Distance of
movement for
the last 10
dots
Final velocity, v,
/cms -1
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
Conclusion
It was found that the final velocity increase as the height of the plank
increases.
1 Scripts prepared by:

Hj. Md. Sha’rani bin Hj. Yusof SMK Buloh Kasap Segamat, Johor. Tel: 019-7853334, 017-7246656

Note: All answers are only suggestions. Alterations are welcome where necessary. Thank you.