SOALAN PENILAIAN KURIKULUM PERTENGAHAN TAHUN SPM PEJABAT PELAJARAN DAERAH SEGAMAT
OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS:
1. Which of the following statement is not true?
A. Displacement is the total length of the path taken by the object from one location to the other in a specific direction.
B. Distance is a vector quantity because the direction of motion is considered.
C. Speed is the distance travelled per unit time.
D. The SI unit for speed is the same as the unit for velocity.
B
1. Hamidi cycles 3 km north from his house and then turn east and cycles another 4 km and stopped at Siva’s house. The total displacement from Hamidi’s house to Siva’s house is

B. 
1 km 

C. 

km 
D. 
5 km 
D 
2. A motorcyclist started pressing his brake from 20 ms ^{}^{1} to stop with a uniform deceleration in 4 seconds.
What is his deceleration, in ms ^{}^{2} ?

B. 
80 

C. 80 
D. 
5 
A 
3. Ka Yan used a tickertimer to study the motion of a trolley. In which of the following tape charts shown by Ka Yan below is the trolley moving with an increasing acceleration?
C
4. A vehicle experiences an acceleration when there is a change of
A. distance
B. displacement

D. velocity 
D. 

5. 



The acceleration of the trolley attached to a tickertimer as shown in the above diagram is 


B. 
300 cms ^{}^{2} 


D. 
60 cms ^{}^{2} 
A 

6. A bullet of a mass of 10 g travels at a speed of 200 ms ^{}^{1} hits a wooden wall and embedded into the wooden wall. It takes 0.2 seconds before it stopped in the wall. The deceleration of the bullet is 


B. 
40 ms ^{}^{2} 


D. 
400 ms ^{}^{2} 
A 

7. Which of the following physical quantity remains constant when a fruit is dropped from a tree? 


B. Velocity 


B 

8. Which part of the displacementtime graph shown in the diagram below represents a nonmoving vehicle? 
A. 
OP 
B. 
PQ 

C. 
QR 
D. 
ST 
B 
9. The diagram below shows the accelerationtime graph of a car.
Which of the following displacementtime graphs below represents the movement of the above car?
B
10. The diagram below shows a velocitytime graph of two moving objects P and Q. Both of the started at the same position and at the same time. P meets Q again at a time after t seconds.
What is the value of t in second? A. 4 
B. 
5 

C. 
2 
D. 
3 
D 
12. The diagram below show the velocitytime graph of the movement of a lorry.
Which of the following displacementtime graph represents the correct relationship with the velocity time graph of the lorry?
A
13. The following tickertape describes the movement of a 2 kg trolley attached to a ticker timer.
Which of the following statements is true about the movement of the trolley?
A. The trolley is moving with a constant deceleration.
B. The trolley is moving with a constant velocity.
C. The trolley is moving constant change of velocity.
D. The trolley is moving with a constant change of acceleration.
C
14. Which of the following velocitytime graph shows the movement of an elastic ball dropped from a certain height and bounced back to the same height? (Assume that the downward direction is positive).
A.
B.
C.
D.
D
15. Which of the following statement is true for a small van travelling at an initial velocity of 4 ms ^{}^{1}
covering 45 m in 5 seconds?
A. The van is moving with a constant velocity.
B. The van experiences deceleration.
C. The velocity of the van is 14 ms ^{}^{1} after 5 s.
D. The distance travelled after 10s in 90 m.
C
16. The diagram below shows the motion of an air puck recorded by a stroboscopic camera with a frequency of 50 Hz.
The average speed of the air puck in cms ^{}^{1} is

B. 
60 

C. 
75 
D. 
100 
B
17. A big airplane needs long landing track to land and stop compared to a small air plane because
A. its inertia is very big
B. it moves with a very high velocity
C. its braking power is small
D. it is too long.
A
18.
The diagram below shows a water spray system.
The concept used to explain the system is
A. Newton’s First Law
C. Pressure Law
B. Newton’s Second Law
D.
Boyle’s Principle
A
19. In an experiment to determine the relationship between inertia and mass, the inertia is represented by
A. length of inertia balance
B. the period of oscillation
C. type of inertia blade
D. the angle of displacement of the inertia balance
B
20. A constant force is applied to an object to move it. When the mass of the object is increased without
increasing the force
A. The acceleration increases
B.
the rate of change of velocity decreases
C. the inertia increases
D . the displacement reduced.
B
Structured Questions
1. The diagram below shows a tickertimer tape chart of the motion of a toy car. Every single tape contains 10 dot intervals made by a tickertimer with a frequency of 50 Hz.
(a) What is the time for each dot interval?
…………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]
(b) What is the time for every single tape (strip)?
……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
(c) Describe the motion of the toy car in
(i) 
OA …………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 

(ii) 
AB 

…………………………………………………………………………… 

……… 

[1 mark] 

(i) 

……………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 

(iii) 
Calculate the average speed of OA 

[2 marks] 



(i) 
number 1: 

(ii) number 5: 
[2 marks]
(f) Calculate the acceleration of the toy car in OA.
[2 marks]
2. The diagram below shows the velocitytime graph of a car
(a) Describe the motion of the car in
(i) 
PQ……………………………………………………………………… 
……………… 

[1 mark] 

(ii) 
RS…………………. …………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 
(iii) 
ST………………… .. ………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark] 
(b) Calculate the distance travelled from R to T
(c) Calculate the average velocity from R to T
[3 marks]
(d) Calculate the acceleration of the motion at
[2 marks]
(i) 
PQ……………………………………………………………………… 
……………… 

(ii) 
[1 mark] QR……………………………………………………………………… ……………. 
[1 mark] 

(iii) 
ST………………………………………………………………………… 
………… .. [1 mark]
(e) Sketch the accelerationtime graph for the car for the first 10 s on the axes given below.
[2 marks] 

Section B 

1. (a) What is the meaning of mass? 
[1 mark] 
Diagram (a)
Diagram (b)
(b) Diagram (a) shows a car and Diagram (b) shows a school bus. Compare the difficulty in which to accelerate both vehicles at the same rate and to negotiate corners. Relating the mass of the car and the school bus with the difficulty of obtaining same accelerating rate or negotiate corners, deduce a relevant physics concepts.
[5 marks]
(c) By using a suitable physics concept, explain how a person can escape if he is being chased by a large animal such as buffalo.
[4 marks]
(d) (i) Diagram (c) shows a pile driver which is used in construction. Explain how the hammer is
used to drive the pile into the ground.
[6 marks]
Diagram (c)
(ii) Diagram (d) shows a man jumping from a tower in a bungee jump event.
Diagram (d) By using suitable physics concepts explain necessary safety measures to be taken in making the rope if the jumper has a great mass. marks]
[4
PAPER III
Section A Answer all questions in this section.
1. A group of students using a stroboscope studies the motion of an air puck moving on a smooth surface after being given a slight push as shown in the diagram below. The stroboscope has 10 slits and makes 2 complete cycles per second. The students investigate the relationship between the acceleration of the object and the diameter of the air puck.
Direction of motion of the air puck
The air puck with a diameter of 25.0 cm is pushed with a constant force. The motion is recorded as in Diagram (a). The diameter of the air puck is reduced to 20.0 cm, 15.0 cm, 10.0 cm and 5.0 cm and being given the same push. The motions recorded are as shown in Diagrams (b), (c), (d) and (e).
x _{1} 
Diagram (a)
x _{2} 
Diagram (b)
x _{3} 
Diagram (c)
x _{4} 
Diagram (d)
x _{5} 
Diagram (e)
(a) From the above experiment, state the
(i) 
manipulative variable …. ……………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 
(ii) 
responding variable ……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] 
(iii) 
constant variable .. …………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark] 
(b) Base on Diagrams (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e),
(i) Measure the length x _{1} , x _{2} , x _{3} , x _{4} and x _{5} and record in the space provided.
[2 marks]
(ii) If f = np where n = number of slits and p is the number of complete cycles per second, calculate the acceleration, a, for x _{1} , x _{2} , x _{3} , x _{4} and x _{5} using the formula a = 2xf ^{2}
[2 marks]
(iii)
Tabulate your results for diameter, d, length, x, and acceleration, a, in the space provided below.
[3 marks] 


, 
plot a graph of a against d. 

[5 marks] 
(d) Base on the graph in 1(c), state the relationship between a and d.
……………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
A graph of acceleration, a, against diameter, d.
2.
A student carries an experiment to investigate the relationship between the final velocity, v of a trolley moving with a uniform acceleration, and time t. The relationship between the final velocity, v of the trolley and the time to reach the final velocity is as shown in the graph below.
(a) (i) Based on the graph, write the relationship between final velocity, v and time, t.
………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 mark]
(ii) Find v, when t = 5 s.
[2 marks] 



[3 marks] 
(ii) State the unit of the gradient
(iii)
………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [1 marks] If v = u + at, where a, is a constant, write the value of a giving suitable unit for a.
………………………………………………………………………………………… ..
………………………………………………………………………………………… .. [2 marks]
(c) From the graph also find the value of v when t = 0 s.
[2 marks]
(d) State one safety precaution to ensure the accuracy in making measurement in this experiment. …………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
Section B Answer one question only from this section
1. The diagram above shows a fully loaded and an empty cargo. The captain of the fully loaded
cargo has to stop the engine of his cargo 25 km away from the harbour before anchoring. The captain of the nonloaded cargo needs to stop the engine about 10 km away from the harbour before anchoring.
Based on your observation,
(a) Write one suitable inference that can be made.
(b) Write one appropriate hypothesis for this investigation.
(c) With the use of appropriate apparatus, describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description, state clearly the following
i. Aim of the experiment Variables involved in the experiment
ii.
iii. List of apparatus and materials
iv. Arrangement of the apparatus
v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.
vi. Way you tabulate the data. vii. Way you would analyse the data.
[12 marks]
Diagram (a)
Diagram (b) The diagram above shows a small girl sliding along a slide. She found that when slides from a higher slide, her velocity at the end of the slide is higher.
Based on your observation,
(a) Write one suitable inference that can be made.
(b) Write one appropriate hypothesis for this investigation.
(c) With the use of appropriate apparatus, describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description, state clearly the following
i. Aim of the experiment
ii. Variables involved in the experiment
iii. List of apparatus and materials
iv. Arrangement of the apparatus
v. The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. vi. Way you tabulate the data. vii. Way you would analyse the data.
[12 marks]
Objective Section:
1. 
B 
2. 
D 
3. 
A 
4. 
C 
5. 
D 
6. 
A 
7. 
A 
8. 
B 
9. 
B 
10.B 

11.D 

12.A 

13.C 

14.D 

15.C 

16.B 

17.A 

18.A 

19.B 

20.B 

Structured Questions 

Question 1 
MARKING SCHEME

[1] 


[1] 


[1] 

(ii) Decelerate nonuniformly/decreasing deceleration 

[1] 


30 cm 
[1] 

(ii) 30 cms ^{}^{1} 
[1] 

(e) 
(i) 


[1] 

= 10 cms ^{}^{1} 
[1] 

(ii) 


[1] 

= 50 cms ^{}^{1} 
[1] 

(f) 

[1] 

= 50 cms ^{}^{2} 
[1] 

Question2 

(a) 
(i) 
accelerating uniformly 
[1]
(ii) moving with constant velocity/not accelerating
[1]
(iv)
Decelerating uniformly/reducing velocity uniformly
[1]
[1]
The buffalo is very difficult to change direction when it is running very fast
[1]
A boy has very small mass compared to buffalo
[1]
The boy can run in a zigzag manner or change direction quickly to escape from
the chasing buffalo.
[1]
(d) 
(i) 
The hammer has a very large mass 

[1] 

It has then a very big inertia The hammer released hits the pile with a very big force 
[1] 

[1] 

The pile is very large compared to the hammer Release from very high position above the ground 
[1] 

[1] 

Produce very great impact towards the ground [1] 
[1] 

(ii) The rope must be very strong 
[1] 

Avoid breaking if too much force is applied 

Very elastic Allows to prolong the time of stretch 
[1] 

[1] 

Paper III 

Section A 

Question 1: 

(a) 
(i) 
Diameter, d of the air puck 

[1] 

. 
(ii) Acceleration, a, of the air puck (iii)Frequency of stroboscope/force applied 
[1] 

[1] 

(b) 
6.4 cm, 8.6 cm, 10.6 cm, 12.9 cm, 14.0 cm [2] [1] 

All correct 

At least 3 correct 

5.12 ms ^{}^{2} , 6.88 ms ^{}^{2} , 8.48 ms ^{}^{2} , 10.32 ms ^{}^{2} , 11.20 ms ^{}^{2} . 
All correct 

[2] 

At least 3 correct [1] 

(c) 

Diameter, d/cm 
Length, x/ cm 
Acceleration, a/ms ^{}^{2} 

25.0 
6.4 
5.12 

20.0 
8.6 
6.88 

15.0 
10.6 
8.48 

10.0 
12.9 
10.32 

5.0 
14.0 
11.20 

(d) 
Acceleration, a, relates linearly with diameter, d. 

Question 2: 

(a) 
(i) 
V relates linearly with t 

[1] 

(ii) V = 23 ms ^{}^{1} , intrapolation on the graph shown 

[2] 

(b) 
(i) 
Draw triangle on the graph (one side at least 8 

units) 
[1] 
[1]
= 2.5 unit 
[1] 

(ii) 
ms ^{}^{2} 
[1] 

(iii) 
Value of a = gradient 

[1] 

a = 2.5 ms ^{}^{2} . (c) 10 cms ^{}^{1} (accept without unit), 
[1] 

[1] 

extrapolation shown (d) Avoid parallax error by placing eyes vertically above the measurement. 
[1] 
[1]
Or any suitable answers
Section B
1.
EXEPRIMENT 1: FACTORS AFFECTING INERTIA
5. Repeat steps 2 to 4 with 2 and 3 cylinders.
Accept the next method and give marks on:
The controlling of manipulative variables. The recording of responding variable. Repetition for other manipulative variables. The data is tabulated in the following table
Suit for the other experiment if chosen. It was found that the period of oscillation (inertia) increase as the mass increases.
Question 2
EXEPRIMENT 1: FACTORS AFFECTING INERTIA
Marks 

Inference 
Final velocity depends on the height of the slope. 
1 

Hypothesis 
1 

Aim of 
When height of slope increase, final velocity alsoincreases To find the relationship between final velocity and height of slope. 
1 

Experiment 

Variables Manipulative Responding 
Height, h. Final velocity, v) 
Both correct 
1 
Fixed 
1 

Set of 
Frequency of tickertimer, length of plank Friction compensated runway, trolley, tickertimer, tickertapes, books to 
1 

apparatus and 
hinge the runway, meter rule, power supply. 

materials 

Set up of apparatus 
As shown in the diagram 
Scripts prepared by:
Hj. Md. Sha’rani bin Hj. Yusof SMK Buloh Kasap Segamat, Johor. Tel: 0197853334, 0177246656
Note: All answers are only suggestions. Alterations are welcome where necessary. Thank you.