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# Mehran University Of Engineering and Technology Surveying I

## Time Allowed:03 Hours 2

NOTE:
nd

Term 1 Year for B.E(Civil) 09-Batch Under External System Max Marks:80

st

ATTEMPT FIVE QUESTIONS. Draw Neat and Clean sketches where necessary and assume your own Data where Necessary

Q:1 (a) Define Offsets . (b) A series of offsets were taken from a base line to a curved boundary line at an interval of 15 m in the following order. 0, 7.58, 5.44 , 5.99, 9.73, 4.65, 5.50, 6.08, 4.60, 5,72, 3.75 m . Calculate the area in sq. area in sq. meters enclosed between the chain line, the curved boundary line and the end offsets by applying (i) Trapezoidal Rule and (ii) Simpson Rule. Q:2 (A) Define Compasses. (B) The following bearing were observed for the sides of a closed Traverse ABCDEA AB= 58o0 , BC= 124o30 , CD= 48o 0 , DE= 207o , EA= 200o 30 . Find out the interior angles of traverse. Q:3 : What do you know about plane Table surveying ? What do you recommend it . Discuss the advantages of plane tabling over other methods of surveying. Q:4: (A) Define Reduced Level and Line of Collimation. (B) A surveyor was asked to take levels for constructing a road and the following staff reading were recorded with level , 5m leveling staff and 30m measuring tape 1.26,2.80,1.62,1.11,1.20,1.49,1.58,2.70,1.57,1.72,1.80,1.10,1.58,1.02,1.35,1.87 and 1.52 . The first staff reading was taken on BM of known elevation 50 m . Rule out a page of level book enter the above reading and calculate the reduced levels of all the station by using any one method , also apply the usual check . The instrument was shifted after 7th and 12th Readings. Q:5 : (A) Write the Back bearing of the following bearing. (i) S 35o 10 30 E (iv) 232o 24 30 (ii) 176o 10 10 (v) N 80o 20 24 W (iii) S 28o 40 55 W (vi) N 58o 43 53 E

(B) Two straight AB 300 m apart at the nearer bank of the reiver there is a tree point P on the other bank of the river, the bearing of line AP is 40o 30 and the bearing of line BP is 330o 30 . Compute the width of the river.

Q:6: (A) Define a Traverse. Distinguish between a closed traverse an open traverse. (B) The following bearing were observed in running a closed traverse . Calculate the interior angles of the traverse and applying the usual checks. LINE F.Bearing B.Bearing AB 130o45 310o45 BC 300o42 120o42 CD 240o18 60o18 DE 320o12 140o12 EA 40o 220o

Q:7 (A) Differentiate between whole circle bearing and Quadrantal Bearing. (B) Draw a rough sketch of the following across staff survey of a field as shown in the figure below . The figure is taken from a page of a field book in which reading of cross staff survey was recorded. Plot the following cross staff survey of a field and calculate its area in square feet, assuming all measurements being in feet. 30.5B 20C 20D 25E

## -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A 40 85 120 150 200 240 300F -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18.2 I 35 H 35 G

Q:8. (A) If the bearing of AB and AC are (i) (ii) 25o 40 and 10o 50 and 147o 15 350o 10

(B) Write Short Notes on any four of the following. (i) Datum (ii) Bench Mark (iii) Intermediate Sight (iv) Steel Band (v) Contour

## Mehran University Of Engineering and Technology Surveying I

Time Allowed:03 Hours 2
NOTE:
nd

Term 1 Year for B.E(Civil) 08-Batch Under External System Max Marks:80

st

ATTEMPT FIVE QUESTIONS. Draw Neat and Clean sketches where necessary and assume your own Data where Necessary

Q:1. (A) Define Surveying . Explain its importance for Civil Engineers . Describe in detail the different stages of Survey Operations. (B) The following bearing were observed in running a closed traverse . Calculate the interior angles of the traverse and applying the usual checks. LINE F.Bearing B.Bearing AB
o o

BC
o

CD 300 1250
o

DA 188 44
o

130 30 22 3120
o o

## 310 30 202 31 120 1250

08 44

Q:2. (A) What do you know about Ranging. Describe briefly the different kinds of Ranging. (B) A Base Line LN was measure in two parts . LM and MN of respective Length 729.50 ft and 544.0.ft with o steel tape which was exactly 100 ft @ 25 c and @ a pull of 100 N . The temperature during the measurement were o 35 C where as applied pull during measurement was 120N and 130N respectively. Find the correct length of the base line if the x-sectional area of the tape was 0.49 sq. in the co-efficient of expansion and the modulus of o 3 elasticity of the tape were 0.0000035 per 1 c and 21 x 10 N/sq.in respectively. Q:3 : (A) Write the Back bearing of the following Fore bearing. (i) S 40 05 50 W (iv) 192 42 18
o o

## (ii) 210 08 03 (v) S 60 00 42

o

(iii) N 85 34 08 W

(B) A surveyor was asked to take the levels on a piece of ground for constructing a road. The following staff readings were recorded with a level, 5m leveling staff at a common interval of 30m. 1.230, 2.820, 0.950 ,1.490 , 2.520, 1.850, 2.720, 2.550, 1.820, 2.900, 2.150, 1.750, 3.300, 2.350, 1.250, 1.900, 1.540 th th and 1.900, 1.540, 1.800. The instrument was shifted after 6 , 12 readings respectively. The first staff reading was taken on BM of known elevation 50m. Rule out a page of level book , enter the above readings and calculate the reduced levels of all the points by using any one method , also apply the usual checks. Q:4. Write short notes on any Four of the following. (i) Advantages and Disadvantages of Plane Table Surveying (ii) Types of Chains (iii) Plane Surveying and Geodetic Surveying (iv) Closed Traverse and Open Traverse (v) Chaining on sloping Ground (vi) Cross Staff Survey

Q:5 (A) Define offsets. What is the difference between perpendicular offsets and oblique offsets. (B) The following perpendicular offsets were taken from a base line to an irregular boundary line. Distance (m): 0 Offsets (m): 21.01 30 18.12 60 14.03 90 16.36 120 13.02 150 11.25 180 10.90 210 15.98 240 12.04

Calculate the area in sq.meters enclosed between the base line, the irregular boundary and first and last offsets by applying (i) Trapezoidal Rule and Simpsons Rule Q: 6: (A) Differentiate between Whole circle bearing system and Quadrantal bearing system. (B) The following bearings were taken in running a compass traverse @ a place where local attraction was suspected. Line F.B B.B AB 55
o

BC 112 30 205
o o o

CD 257 25
o o

DE 295 30 75 30
p o

EA

234

294

116 30

At what stations do you suggest local attraction? Find the corrected fore and back bearings of each of the lines. Q:7 (A) Convert the following W.C.B and R.B and R.B to W.C.B (i)210 2050 (v) S 20 10 W
o o

(ii)160 10 20 (vi) N 20 50 20 E
o

## (iii) 290 40 20 (iv) N 20 50 20 E (vii) 30 40 40

o

(viii) N 30 50 40

(B) Draw a rough sketch of the following across staff survey of a field as shown in the figure below . The figure is taken from a page of a field book in which reading of cross staff survey was recorded. Plot the following cross staff survey of a field and calculate its area in square feet, assuming all measurements being in feet. 23 G 20 F

## -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A 0 75 120 180 250 280 E -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 B 35 C 20 D

Q:8 ( A) Describe a method of continuing chaining from one side to the other side of an obstacle which is obstructing the chaining and view as well. (B) The following field observations were recorded with theodolite in running a closed traverse ABCDEFGA. A= 85 45
o

B= 135 03

C=120 24

D= 162 12

E= 117 54

F= 99 42
o

Calculate the bearing of the remaining sides of the traverse if the observed bearing of side AB = 290 45