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NASA Technical Memorandum 4644

Shear Buckling Analysis of a Hat-Stiffened Panel

William L. Ko and Raymond H. Jackson

November 1994

NASA Technical Memorandum 4644 Shear Buckling Analysis of a Hat-Stiffened Panel William L. Ko and Raymond

NASA Technical Memorandum 4644

Shear Buckling Analysis of a Hat-Stiffened Panel

William L. Ko and Raymond H. Jackson

Dryden Flight Research Center Edwards, California

NASA Technical Memorandum 4644 Shear Buckling Analysis of a Hat-Stiffened Panel William L. Ko and Raymond

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Management Scientific and Technical Information Program

1994

ABSTRACT

A buckling analysis was performed on a hat-stiffened panel subjected to shear loading. Both local

buckling and global buckling were analyzed. The global shear buckling load was found to be several times

higher than the local shear buckling load. The classical shear buckling theory for a flat plate was found to

be useful in predicting the local shear buckling load of the hat-stiffened panel, and the predicted local shear

buckling loads thus obtained compare favorably with the results of finite element analysis.

NOMENCLATURE

A

A

A mn

a

cross-sectional area of one corrugation leg,

A

=

lt

  • c , in 2

cross-sectional area of global panel segment bounded by p,

A

=

A

+

pt

s

+

1

--- (

2

f

1

f

2

) t

c

, in 2

Fourier coefficient of assumed trial function for w (x, y), in.

length of global panel, in.

b

b o

horizontal distance between centers of corrugation and curved region ,

b

=

1

  • 2 p

---

1

  • 2 (

---

f

  • 1 +

f

) ,
)
,
  • 2 in .

width of rectangular flat plate segment, in.

  • c width of global panel, in.

  • D flexural rigidity of flat plate,

D *

flexural stiffness parameter,

3 E t s s D = -------------------------, in-lb 12 ( 1 – 2 ) s
3
E t
s
s
D
= -------------------------, in-lb
12 ( 1 –
2
)
s
D x D y , in-lb

D

Qx

,

  • D Qy

D

x

,

D

y

,

D xy

transverse shear stiffnesses in

xz -, yz -planes, lb/in

effective bending stiffnesses of equivalent hat-stiffened panel, in-lb

  • d one-half of diagonal region of corrugation leg, in.

E c

E s

f 1

f 2

G c

G s

h

h c

modulus of elasticity of hat material, lb/in 2

modulus of elasticity of face sheet material, lb/in 2

lower flat region of hat stiffener, in .

upper flat region of hat stiffener, in.

shear modulus of hat material, lb/in 2

shear modulus of face sheet material, lb/in 2

distance between middle surfaces of hat top flat region and face sheet,

h

=

h

c

+

1

---

2

(

t

c

+

t

s

), in.

distance between middle surfaces of hat upper and lower flat regions, in.

h o

  • I c

  • I c

I

*

c

  • I f

I s

  • I s

k xy

l

l

distance between middle surface of face sheet and centroid of global panel

segment, in.

moment of inertia, per unit width, of corrugation leg,

1

------

12

3

t c

,

in 4

/in

moment of inertia, per unit width, of one-half of reinforcing hat taken with

respect to the neutral axis

o

of the hat stiffened panel, in 4 /in

moment of inertia of corrugation leg of length l taken with respect to its neutral

axis

,

in 4

1

moment of inertia, per unit width, of corrugation flat region ------

12

3

t c

,

in 4

/in

moment of inertia, per unit width, of face sheet with respect to

through the centroid of the global panel segment,

I s

=

2

t h

s

o

+

o

axis passing

1

------ t

12

3

s

,

in 4

/in

moment of inertia, per unit width, of face sheet and corrugation flat region combined,

1

  • 12 (

------

t s +

t

c

) 3 , in 4

/in

shear buckling load factor

length of corrugation leg,

length of one-half of hat,

l

=

l

=

f

2

+ 2 d + 2 R , in.

 

1

l

+

---

(

f

1

f

2

), in.

2

  • m number of buckle half-waves in x-direction

N xy

n

p

Q cr

q 1

q c

R

t c

t s

w

panel shear load, lb/in

number of buckle half-waves in y-direction

one half of reinforcing hat pitch, in.

shear buckling load, lb

shear flow in flat panel, lb/in

shear flow in hat, lb/in

radius of circular arc segments of corrugation leg, in.

thickness of reinforcing hat, in.

thickness of face sheet, in.

panel out-of-plane displacement, in.

x, y

rectangular Cartesian coordinates, in.

2 w

  • ------------ panel twist, 1/in

x y

o

neutral axis of corrugation leg and face sheet combined

) cr

corrugation angle (angle between the face sheet and the straight diagonal

segment of corrugation leg), rad

Poisson ratio of hat material

Poisson ratio of face sheet material

shear stress, lb/in 2

critical value at buckling

INTRODUCTION

Recently, various hot-structural panel concepts were advanced for applications to hypersonic aircraft

structural panels. Among those panels investigated, the hat-stiffened panel (fig. 1) was found to be an ex-

cellent candidate for potential application to hypersonic aircraft fuselage panels. This type of panel is

equivalent to a corrugated core sandwich panel with one face sheet removed.

Buckling behavior of the hat-stiffened panel under compressive loading in the hat-axial direction, was

investigated by Ko and Jackson recently (ref. 1). They calculated both the local and global (general panel

instability) compressive buckling loads for the panel. The calculated local compressive buckling load was

found to be far lower than the global compressive buckling load, and compared fairly well with the exper-

imental data. To fully understand buckling characteristics of the hat-stiffened panel, the shear buckling be-

havior of this panel needs to be investigated.

This report presents the local and global buckling analyses of the hat-stiffened panel subjected to shear

loading. The predicted shear buckling loads are compared with the finite element shear buckling solutions.

SHEAR BUCKLING ANALYSIS

To analyze the buckling behavior of the complex structure shown in figure 1, two approaches were

taken: (1) local buckling analysis, and (2) global buckling analysis (general panel instability). The follow-

ing sections describe these approaches.

Local Buckling

The purpose of local buckling analysis was to study the buckling behavior of a local weak region of

the panel. This weak region is identified as a rectangular flat plate region bounded by two legs of the re-

inforcing hat located at the center of the global panel (left diagram of fig. 2). The analysis looked at the

buckling behavior of this rectangular flat plate (slender strip). Because the reinforcing hat has high flexural

rigidity, the four edges of the rectangular plate were assumed to be simply supported (right diagram of

fig. 2). From reference 2, the shear buckling stress

(

xy ) cr

in the rectangular flat plate may be written as

 

2 D

(

xy ) cr

=

k xy

----------

(1)

2

b o t s

Figure 1. Hat-stiffened panel under shear loading. 4

Figure 1. Hat-stiffened panel under shear loading.

Figure 2. Shear buckling of hat-stiffened panel analyzed using a simple model. o ----- a .

Figure 2. Shear buckling of hat-stiffened panel analyzed using a simple model.

b o

-----

a

.

b

o

-----

a

where

k xy

is the shear buckling load factor, which is a function of panel aspect ratio

,

k xy

=

9.34

; and for

b

o

-----

a

=

0

(an infinitely long panel),

k xy

=

5.35

For

=

1

(a

square panel),

ues of

b o

-----

a

k xy

. For intermediate val-

may be found from a parabolic curve-fitting equation of the form (ref. 2)

k xy

=

5.35

+

4

b o

-----

a

2

(2)

The curve described by equation (2) is shown on the left in figure 3. The panel shear load

N xy

for the hat-

stiffened strip (left diagram of fig. 2) may be written in terms of shear flows (fig. 4) as (ref. 4)

Figure 3. Shear buckling load parameter as a function of panel aspect ratio. Figure 4. Shear

Figure 3. Shear buckling load parameter as a function of panel aspect ratio.

Figure 3. Shear buckling load parameter as a function of panel aspect ratio. Figure 4. Shear

Figure 4. Shear flows in the reinforcing hat and the flat region under the hat.

N xy

=

q

1

+

q c

(3)

where

q 1

and

and

 

2 w

where

------------

x y

buckling load

q c

are, respectively, the shear flows in the flat panel and the hat, and are given by (ref. 4)

q c

=

∂ 2 w 2 G s h o t s ------------ ∂ x ∂ y h
∂ 2 w
2 G s h o t s
------------
∂ x ∂ y
h
c
------
(
f
f
)
1
2
2 p

q 1

=

xy

t

s

=

G c t c p

--------------

l

h

q 1 / q c

2 h

o

(4)

2 w

  • ------------ (5)

x y

may be calculated. Then, from equation (3), the panel shear

(

xy

) cr

(eq. (1)).

is the panel twist.

From equations (4) and (5), the ratio

(

N xy ) cr

of the hat-stiffened strip may be calculated as a function of

Global Buckling

In the global buckling analysis (general instability analysis), the complex panel was represented by a

homogeneous anisotropic panel having effective elastic constants. These effective elastic constants must

be calculated first (ref. 3). This analysis is similar to the conventional buckling analysis of a sandwich

panel with one face sheet removed.

By using the small-deflection theory developed for flat sandwich plates (ref. 5) and solving the shear

buckling problem of the hat-stiffened plate using the Rayleigh-Ritz method of minimizing the total poten-

tial energy of a structural system (refs. 5 through 9), the following shear buckling equation is obtained:

where

M mn

=

• • M mn ----------- + A = 0 A mn mnij ij k xy i
M
mn
-----------
+
A
=
0
A mn
mnij
ij
k xy
i = 1 j = 1
12
23
31
21
33
13
21
32
22
31
2
(
1
ab
a
a
a
– a
a
) +
a
(
a
a
a
a
)
11
a mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
mn
------ --------
---
+
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
32
a mn
D *
22
33
23
32
a mn a mn
a mn a mn
classical thin
transverse shear effect terms
plate theory
mnij
m
=\
i, n =\
j,
---------------------------------------------
;
mnij
2
2
2
2
(
m
i
) (
n
j
)
m ± i = odd, n ± j
=
odd
(6) (7) (8)
(6)
(7)
(8)

and

A mn

are the undetermined Fourier coefficients of the assumed out-of-plane displacement w (x, y) of

the plate given by

(

wxy

,

)

=

m =1

n =1

A mn

m x

sin -----------

n y sin ---------
n y
sin ---------

a

c

(9)

Lastly, the shear buckling load factor

equation

rs

a mn

( r, s

k xy

appearing in equation (6) and the coefficients of characteristic

= 1, 2, 3) appearing in equation (7) are defined, respectively, as (ref. 7)

2 ( ) cr a N xy = ------------------------ k xy 2 D * 4 2
2
(
) cr a
N xy
= ------------------------
k xy
2 D *
4
2
2
4
11
m
m
n
n
=
D
-------
+
(
D
+
D
+
2 D
)
-------
------
+
D y
------
a mn
x
x
yx
y
xy
xy
a
a
c
c
3
2
12
21
m
1
m
n
=
a
=
D
-------
+ ---
(
D
+ D
+
)
-------
------
a mn
mn
x
x
yx
y
xy
2 D xy
a
2
a
c
3
2
13
31
n
1
m
n
=
a
=
D
------
+ ---
(
D
+ D
+
)
-------
------
a mn
mn
y
x
2 D xy
yx
y
xy
c
2
a
c
2
D
2
22
m
n
xy
=
D
-------
+ ---------
------
+
D
a mn
x
Qx
a
2
c
23
32
1
m
n
=
a
=
---
(
D x
+
D
+
)
-------
------
a mn
mn
yx
y
xy
D xy
2
a
c
2
D
2
33
n
m
xy
=
D
------
+ ---------
-------
+
D
a mn
y
c
2
Qy
a
where the flexural stiffness parameter D * and the flexural rigidities of the effective panel
defined as
D
*
D x
y
D
=
D
D
,
D
== --------------
--------------
,
D
x
y
x
y
2
2
1 –
1 –
s
s
where
E
I
c
c
1 + ------------
E s I s
D
=
E
I
+
E I
,
D
=
------------------------------------------
x
c
c
s
s
y
E s I s
2
1 + (
1
) E c I c
------------
s
E s I s

(10)

(11)

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

D x

,

D y

are

(17)

(18)

Figure 5. Segment of hat-stiffened flat panel. where 2 1 3 = t h + ------

Figure 5. Segment of hat-stiffened flat panel.

where 2 1 3 = t h + ------ (19) I s s o t s
where
2
1
3
=
t h
+ ------
(19)
I s
s
o
t s
12
and
I c
is the moment of inertia, per unit width, taken with respect to the panel neutral axis
(fig. 5),
o
and is given by
I
*
2
+
2
A
1
1
c
f 1
f 2
t c
t s
3
I c
=
------
+ ---
--- (
h
+
t
+
t
) –
+
--------- (
f
f
) t
+ -----------------
– --------------
(20)
c
c
s
h o
1
2
c
t c
h o
p
p
2
24 p
2 p
2

where

*

I c

is the moment of inertia of a corrugation leg of length l, taken with respect to its neutral axis

(fig. 5), and is given by

*

I c

=

2 2 3 1 f 2 1 t c 2 d 1 t c --- -----
2
2
3
1 f 2
1
t c
2
d
1
t c
--- -----
1
+
--- -----
+ --- -----
sin 2
+ --- -----
h c 3 t c
4
3
2
3
3
4
d
2
h c
h c
h c
2
R
R
R
R
+ -----
---
------
sin
( 1 – cos
)
– -----
23 -----
2
2
h
h c
c
h c
h c
cos 2 ( – sin )
cos 2
(
– sin
)

(21)

and

h o

appearing in equation (19) is the distance between the middle surface of the face sheet and the panel

neutral axis

 

o

given by

 
 

h o

=

1 ------- A 2 A
1
------- A
2 A

(

h

  • c +

t

1

  • c f

+

t

s

) +

--- t

2

c

(

f

1

rs

  • 2 )

(

t

  • c +

t

s

)
)

(22)

The twisting stiffness

D xy

appearing in the expressions of

a mn

(eqs. (11) through (16)) may be obtained

from reference 4 with slight modification to fit the present problem in the following form:

D xy

=

2 GJ

where

GJ

is the torsional stiffness given by

where

GJ

=

2

G s t s k GJ

2

pG c t c

+ --------------- (

A c

k

GJ

k

  • c ) 2

h 2

and

k GJ

k c

= --------------------------

1

A

c

G

s

t

s

+ ----------------

pG c t c

k c

=

1

---

2

(

f

1

f

2

) h c

1 – ----------------------------

2 ph

A c

=

l +

1

---

2

(

f

1

f

2

)
)

t c

=

l

t c

The shear stiffnesses

D Qx

and

D Qy

appearing in equations (14) and (16) are given by

D Qx

=

G c t c h 2

---------------- ,

pl

E c

t c

  • D

Qy

=

2

-----

h c

Sh --------------

  • 1

c

3

(23)

(24)

(25)

(26)

(27)

(28)

where the nondimensional coefficient S is defined as h c p 2 6 ----- F t
where the nondimensional coefficient
S
is defined as
h c
p
2
6
-----
F t s
--- +
-----
D z
p
t c
h c
S
= ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
h
p
p
2
p
3
t s
h c
2
F
H
6 --- (
D
F
D
H
D
H
) +
-----
H
12
-----
----- D z
– 2
-----
+ -----
D z
D y
h
z
y
z
h
h c
h c
t c
h c
c
H
H
where the nondimensional parameters
F ,
D z ,
and
are defined as
D z
D y
I
2
d
3
2
1
p
3
b
3
c
F
=
---
-----
cos
2
+
--- -----
---
-----
-----
D z
3
h
3
I
8
c
f
h c
h c
R
b
2
Rb
R
2
+ -----
2
-----
4
------- ( 1 – cos
) +
-----
(
– sin cos )
h
2
h
c
h c
c
h c
I
d
R
c
+
---------
2 ----- sin 2
+ ----- (
– sin
cos )
2
h
h
c
c
h c t c
2
d
3
I
1
1
p
2
b
2
c
H
=
---
-----
sin
c os
+ ---
-----
---
-----
-----
D z
3
h
2
I
4
c
f
h c
h c
R
b
2 Rb
R
R
+ -----
-----
------- (
– sin
) – ----- ( 1 – cos
)
1 – ----- ( 1 – cos )
2
h
h
h c
h c
c
c
h c
I
d
R
c
– ---------
2 -----
sin
cos
+
-----
sin 2
2
h
h
c
c
h c t c
2
d
3
1
R
1
f
I
H
2
c
=
---
-----
sin
+ ---
-----
+ --- ----- -----
D y
3
h
2
h
2
c
c
h c
I f
R
2
R
R
-----
23 -----
( – sin
) + ----- sin ( 1 – cos )
h
h c
h c
c
t
I c
f
d
R
c
+ ---------
----- ----
+
2 ----- cos
2
+ ----- (
+ sin
cos )
2
h
h
h c t f
c
c
h c t c
where
1
1
1
1
3
1
3
f
=
--- (
f
+
f
),
b
=
---
p –
---
(
f
+
f
)
,
I
==
------ t
,
I
------
1
2
1
2
c
c
f
t s
2
2
2
12
12

(29)

(30)

(31)

(32)

(33)

The shear buckling equation (6) yields a set of homogeneous equations associated with different values of

m and n. This set of equations may be divided into two groups that are independent of each other: one

group in which m ± n is odd (that is, antisymmetrical buckling), and the other in which m ± n is even (that

is, symmetrical buckling) (refs. 7 and 9). Those equations may be written for as many half-wave numbers

as required for convergence of eigenvalue solutions. For the deflection coefficients to have values

A mn

other than zero, the determinant of the coefficients of the unknown of the simultaneous homogeneous

equations must vanish. The largest eigenvalue

A mn

1

  • ------- thus obtained will give the lowest value of

k xy

k xy

.

Representative 12

12 determinants in terms of the coefficients of homogeneous simultaneous

equations written out from equation (6) for which m ± n is even and odd are given in the following

(refs. 10 and 11):

For m ± n = even (symmetrical buckling):

m, n \ i, j

m=1, n=1

m=1, n=3

m=2, n=2

m=3, n=1

m=1, n=5

m=2, n=4

m=3, n=3

m=4, n=2

m=5, n=1

m=3, n=5

m=4, n=4

m=5, n=3

A 11

M 11

----------

k xy

A 13

0

M 13

----------

k xy

A 22

4

---

9

4

---

5

M 22

----------

k xy

A 31

A 15

00

00

4

---

5

M 31

----------

k xy

20

-------

63

0

M 15

----------

k xy

Symmetry

A 24

A 33

A 42

8

------

45

0

8

------

45

8

---

7

0

8

------

25

36

00

------

25

8

------

25

40

------

27

M 24

----------

k xy

0

0

72

------

35

M 33

----------

k xy

8

---

7

8

------

63

0

72

------

35

M 42

----------

k xy

A 51

A 35

00

00

20

------

63

4

---

7

00

00

8

------

63

8

---

3

00

40

------

27

M 51

----------

k xy

120

---------

147

0

M 35

----------

k xy

A 44

16

---------

225

16

------

35

0

16

------

35

16

------

27

0

144

---------

49

0

16

------

27

80

------

21

M 44

----------

k xy

A 53

0

0

4

---

7

0

0

120

---------

147

0

8

---

3

0

0

80

------

21

M 53

----------

k xy

= 0

(34)

where the nonzero off-diagonal terms satisfy the conditions m =\ i , n =\ j , m ± i = odd, and n ± j = odd.

For m ± n = odd (antisymmetrical buckling):

m, n \ i, j

m=1, n=2

m=2, n=1

m=1, n=4

m=2, n=3

m=3, n=2

m=4, n=1

m=1, n=6

m=2, n=5

m=3, n=4

m=4, n=3

m=5, n=2

m=6, n=1

A 12

M 12

----------

k xy

A 21

4

---

9

M 21

----------

k xy

A 14

A 23

A 32

A 41

A 16

A 25

A 34

A 43

A 52

0

4

---

5

0000

– ------

45

------

63

------

25

8

20

8

8

------

45

0000

---

5

– ------

35

------

25

4

4

8

20

------

63

M 14

----------

k xy

8

---

7

M 23

----------

k xy

Symmetry

0000

– ---------

225

------

27

– ------

35

16

40

16

36

------

25

M 32

----------

k xy

000

– ---

9

------

35

4

72

4

---

7

8

---

7

M 41

----------

k xy

000

– ---

7

------

35

4

72

8

---------

175

M 16

----------

k xy

0

20

------

11

M 25

----------

k xy

16

------

35

0

8

---

3

M 34

----------

k xy

0

8

------

45

0

144

---------

49

M 43

----------

k xy

40

------

27

0

100

---------

441

0

8

---

3

M 52

----------

k xy

A 61

4

------

35

0

8

---------

175

0

4

---

9

0

36

------------

1225

0

8

------

45

0

20

------

11

M 61

----------

k xy

= 0

(35)

where the nonzero off-diagonal terms satisfy the conditions m =\ i , n =\ j , m ± i = odd, and n ± j = odd.

Notice that the diagonal terms in equations (34) and (35) came from the first term of equation (6), and

the series term of equation (6) gives the off-diagonal terms of the matrices. The 12

found to give sufficiently accurate eigenvalue solutions.

12 determinant was

NUMERICAL RESULTS

The titanium hat-stiffened panel has the following material properties and geometries:

E s

=

E c

=

6.2

 

10 6 lb/in 2

 

G s

=

G c

=

6.2

10 6 lb/in 2

 

s

=

c

=

0.31

 

a

=

24 in.

 

b o

=

1.77

in. (width of rectangular flat strip)

  • c =

24 in.

 
  • d =

 

0.3505 in.

 

f 1

=

1.12

in.

 

f 2

=

0.26 in.

1

h

=

h c

+

---

(

t

+

t

)

=

1.2180 in.

 

2

 

c

s

 

h c

=

1.1860 in.

 

p

=

1.49 in.

 

R

=

0.346 in.

 

t s

=

t c

=

0.032 in.

 

=

79.13 = 1.3811 rad

 

Local Buckling

For

(

xy ) cr

a

=

24 in.

and

b o

=

1.77 in.,

equation (2) gives

may then be calculated from equation (1) as

k xy

=

5.37 .

The shear buckling stress

(

xy ) cr

 

=

25

,

553 lb/in 2

From equations (4) and (5) the ratio of

q 1

/

q c

 

has the value

q

1

 

-----

   

= 3.4727

q c

 

Thus, from equation (3), the panel shear buckling load

 

(

N xy ) cr

 

(

N xy ) cr

=

q 1

q

c

1 + -----

 

q 1

1

 

(

 

) cr t s

 

=

xy

 

1 + ----------------

3.4727

 

=

1, 054 lb/in

 

(36)

(37)

may be calculated as

 

(38)

(39)

(40)

which gives the shear buckling load of Q cr = 25, 296 lb.

Figure 6. Buckling shape of hat-stiffened panel under shear loading (finite element analysis by W. Percy,

Figure 6. Buckling shape of hat-stiffened panel under shear loading (finite element analysis by

W. Percy, Mc-Donnell-Douglas; full-panel model).

This local shear buckling load prediction is slightly higher than the value

(

N

xy

) cr

= 900 lb/in

*

calcu-

lated from finite element buckling analysis carried out by W. Percy of McDonnell-Douglas.

Figure 6

shows the shear buckling shape of the hat-stiffened panel based on Percy’s full-panel finite element model.

Clearly, the panel is under local buckling rather than general instability. The local buckling analysis pre-

dicts a slightly higher value of

(

N xy ) cr

because the four edges of the rectangular plate strip analyzed were

assumed to be simply supported. In reality, those four edges are elastically supported.

Global Buckling

To find the order of the determinant (review eqs. (34) and (35)) for converged eigenvalue solutions,

k xy

several different orders of the determinants were used for the calculations of . The eigenvalues were

k xy

found to have sufficiently converged beyond order 10. In the actual calculations of , the orders of the

determinants were taken to be 12, which were shown in equations (34) and (35). The eigenvalue solutions

thus obtained give the following lowest values of

k xy :

m

± n = even:

k xy

=

1.89

(41)

m

± n = odd:

k xy

=

1.93

(42)

Thus, the square panel will buckle symmetrically. Using

may be calculated from equation (10) as

k xy

= 1.89, the panel shear buckling load (

N xy

) cr

* Personal communication with author.

 

(

N

xy

) cr

=

4, 296 lb/in

(43)

which gives the shear buckling load of

Q cr

=

103, 107 lb;

this is about four times higher than the local

shear buckling load of

Q cr

=

25, 296 lb.

Thus, the panel is unlikely to fail under global buckling.

 

Summary of Data

The results of the shear buckling analysis of the hat-stiffened panel are summarized in the following

table.

Comparison of shear buckling loads.

Case

(

xy

) cr ,

lb/in

Q cr

,

lb

Local buckling

Global buckling

W. Percy’s finite element

(footnote, p. 15)

1,054

4,296

900

25,296

103,107

21,600

CONCLUSION

The shear buckling behavior of a hat-stiffened panel was analyzed in light of local buckling and global

buckling. The predicted local buckling loads were slightly higher than those predicted using finite element

buckling analysis. The global buckling theory predicted a buckling load about four times higher than was

predicted from local buckling theory. Therefore, the hat-stiffened panel will buckle locally instead of

globally.

REFERENCES

  • 1. Ko, William L. and Raymond H. Jackson, Compressive Buckling Analysis of Hat-Stiffened Panel, NASA TM-4310, Aug. 1991.

  • 2. Timoshenko, Stephen P. and James M. Gere, Theory of Elastic Stability, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1961.

  • 3. Ko, W. L., “Elastic Stability of Superplastically Formed/Diffusion Bonded Orthogonally Corrugated Core Sandwich Plates,” AIAA 80-0683, presented at the AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/AHC 21st Struc- tures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, Seattle, WA, May 12–14, 1980.

  • 4. Libove, Charles and Ralph E. Hubka, Elastic Constants for Corrugated-Core Sandwich Plates, NACA TN-2289, 1951.

  • 5. Libove, C. and S. B. Batdorf, A General Small-Deflection Theory for Flat Sandwich Plates, NACA TN-1526, 1948.

  • 6. Bert, Charles W. and K. N. Cho, “Uniaxial Compressive and Shear Buckling in Orthotropic Sandwich Plates by Improved Theory,” AIAA 86-0977, presented at the AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHC 27th Struc- tures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, San Antonio, TX, May 19–21, 1986.

  • 7. Ko, William L. and Raymond H. Jackson, Combined Compressive and Shear Buckling Analysis of Hy- personic Aircraft Structural Sandwich Panels, NASA TM-4290. Also AIAA 92-2487-CP, presented

at the AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC 33rd Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Confer-

ence, Dallas, TX, Apr. 13–15, 1992.

  • 8. Ko, William L. and Raymond H. Jackson, Combined Load Buckling Behavior of Metal-Matrix Com- posite Sandwich Panels Under Different Thermal Environments, NASA TM-4321, Sept. 1991.

  • 9. Ko, William L. and Raymond H. Jackson, Compressive and Shear Buckling Analysis of Metal-Matrix

Composite Sandwich Panels Under Different Thermal Environments, NASA TM-4492, June 1993.

Originally prepared for the 7th International Conference on Composite Structures, University of Pais-

ley, Paisley, Scotland, July 1993.

  • 10. Stein, Manuel and John Neff, Buckling Stresses of Simply Supported Rectangular Flat Plates in Shear, NACA TN-1222, 1947.

  • 11. Batdorf, S. B. and Manuel Stein, Critical Combinations of Shear and Direct Stress for Simply Sup- ported Rectangular Flat Plates, NACA TN-1223, 1947.

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Shear Buckling Analysis of a Hat-Stiffened Panel

 
  • 6. AUTHOR(S)

WU 505-63-40

William L. Ko and Raymond H. Jackson

 
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12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE

Unclassified—Unlimited Subject Category 39

  • 13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words)

A buckling analysis was performed on a hat-stiffened panel subjected to shear loading. Both local

buckling and global buckling were analyzed. The global shear buckling load was found to be several

times higher than the local shear buckling load. The classical shear buckling theory for a flat plate was

found to be useful in predicting the local shear buckling load of the hat-stiffened panel, and the predict-

ed local shear buckling loads thus obtained compare favorably with the results of finite element

analysis.

  • 14. SUBJECT TERMS

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Hat-stiffened panel; Global buckling; Local buckling; Minimum energy method;

20

Shear buckling

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