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IP over D-WDM Dense Wave Division Multiplexing

Ebone a subsidiary of GTS Carrier Services

Page 1 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

The companies
Ebone (European) pioneering IP transit provider, providing toptier Internet connectivity since 1991. GTS pioneering European Carriers Carrier operating their own pan-European fiber network. Ebone is now a 100 % owned subsidiary of GTS Carrier Services allowing the companies to combine the best from the two companies. Ebone continues as a brand name for the IP products.
Page 2 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

The combined company


GTS services as the European Carriers Carrier more than 150 Carriers and ISPs, representing virtually every major segment of the telecommunications industry Operating high speed (n*2.5 Gbps), high quality (99,90%) services Based on leading edge D-WDM, SDH & IP technologies Multiple network redundancies, no single point of failure The first operator to use IP over dense wave division multiplexing (IP over D-WDM) on an international network

Page 3 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

GTS Carrier Services Offering

SDH Services European Point to Point Transmission Capacity European Ring & V/U link Services Transatlantic Transmission Capacity Optical Sub-Network Services (D-WDM) Managed Gigabit Network Services (Dedicated SDH over DWDM) Ebone Internet Services

Page 4 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Wavelength Division Multiplexing

fibre
M ST -16

ST M
-16

M ST

l mux

l demux

-16

ST M

-16

Page 5 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

D-WDM as Global overlay network


DH S
IP
a ambd L

IP Node SDH Node WDM Node

DM W

Page 6 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

IP over D-WDM

IP over D-WDM connects 2.5 Gbps directly as optical interfaces into the IP routers (Cisco 12000) thus eliminating the need for SDH equipment. By going to D-WDM the GTS IP backbone is moving from the Mbps environment of SDH (2, 34, 45 and 155 Mbps) and directly into the Gbps environment, this combined with the non overbooking policy of GTS allows very fast upgrades of customer connections.

Page 7 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Equipment Suppliers

Cienna D-WDM equipment Cisco POS (packet over Sonet) cards CISCO 12000 & 7200 Routers Alcatel Only for SDH - not used for IP over D-WDM

Page 8 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Operational IP Network

Page 9 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Early deployment IP/WDM


Hoeilaart (Brussels) HER NOC Copenhagen Stockholm

London Amsterdam Brussels

Paris
Ebone PoP

Frankfurt Geneva

HER PoP

HER Headq. STM-1 STM-16 directly over fiber

Page 10 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

PoP architecture
Redundant core network Back-to-back redundant STM-1s between access- and core routers STM-1 and T3 connections on Cisco 12000 routers E1 and E3 connections on Cisco 7200 routers
STM-16 12012 STM-16 12012 STM-16

STM-1 T3 E3 7206VXR

STM-1

Customer access
Page 11 - November, 1999

E1

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

IP over D-WDM QoS

Provide QoS by capacity management: 0% packet-loss lowest possible latency Protection done at IP layer

Latency: propagation delay 5ms per 1000km one way delay serialization delay 0.01 ms for 1500 byte packets queueing delay depends on network dimensioning

Page 12 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Planned Network end of year 2000

Page 13 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Flag Atlantic 1 FA-1

50:50 joint venture with FLAG Telecom 1st terabit transatlantic dual cable system Three loop system providing highest resiliency Directly linking New York to London and Paris and all cities on the GTS network Marine construction awarded to Alcatel Submarine Networks

Page 14 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

FA-1 Three loop system

London Porthcuno Long Island

USA

New York-1 New York-2

FA-1 System Backhaul

TransAtlantic Land (Subsea System) based


links

FA-1 System Backhaul


Sea based links

GTS CS Pan-European Network


Paris

Long Island

St. Brieuc

Page 15 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

WDM pass-thru

Frankfurt

Stuttgart

Munich

A router at every WDM terminal site is expensive Connect wavelengths on different spans to create WDM circuit between two routers.

Page 16 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

GTS network strategy: IP


Use IP/WDM for maximum capacity & flexibility Reduce network complexity by reducing equipment Use IP/WDM overlay for traffic engineering Use IPsec for IP VPNs Provide QoS by capacity management

0% packet-loss lowest possible latency

Page 17 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

The need for speed!


40Gb

IP/WDM links 2000: 10 Gbit/s 2002: 40Gbit/s


10Gb 2.4Gb 99 00 01 02

155Mb 98

Page 18 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Throttling customer connections

Customer access link example

Goal: allow flexible capacity upgrades


Over-dimension access circuit, implement upgrades when required. Supported at E3/T3 speeds with Cisco equipment. Also required for STM-1 and STM-4

Page 19 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Traffic engineering
Goal: allow flexibility if there is a WDM wavelength shortage Solution: IP/WDM pass-thru

London

Frankfurt

Paris
Page 20 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Benefits of D-WDM

D-WDM offers GTS the ability to provide high bandwidth for IP as well as other services utilizing existing fiber and by adding a limited number of new fiber paths expanding the network. IP over DWDM saves the use of SDH equipment and multiplexing D-WDM allows GTS to remain on the forefront as the Carriers Carrier D-WDM allows GTS to do fast high bandwidth reengineering if the need for high bandwidth increases in a location.

Page 21 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential

Thank you

Jan Guldborg jan.guldborg@ebone.net Phone: +45 39 15 08 08 Mobile:+45 40 88 85 48

Page 22 - November, 1999

GTS Carrier Services

GTS Confidential