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The important of balanced diet

According to Dr Trisha Macnair, the key to a healthy lifestyle and keeping your weight in check is following a balanced diet that includes all the right foods in the right amounts. But do you know what the meaning of balance diet is. The term 'balanced diet' is one of those health mantras that is constantly heard but rarely explained. What it means is a diet that includes a combination of carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, mineral salts and fibre in the correct proportions. Carbohydrates are the most important source of energy. We obtain most of our carbohydrate in the form of starch. This is found in potato, rice, spaghetti, yams, bread and cereals. Our digestive system turns all this starch into another carbohydrate called glucose. Glucose is carried around the body in the blood and is used by our tissues as a source of energy. The number of servings should be 6-10 depending on portion size and the energy requirements of the individual. Its hard to establish a rough serving size as there are too many foods and products in this group. A good guide however is to include this group at each meal and the quantity should comprise as much as 60% of the meal.

Protein is very important to our body as they provide a source of materials are required for the growth and repair of our body system. Proteins can also be used as a source of energy. A person diet should include two to three servings of milk or dairy produce a day, for example. But they had to take care that proteinrich foods and do not bring a lot of fat with them; trim the fat off meat and take the skin off chicken. Besides they should also think about how you cook foods too; meat fried or in breadcrumbs adds extra fat.

Our body required vitamins only in very small quantities to keep us healthy. There is no chemical similarity between these chemicals; the similarity between them is entirely biological. The vitamin A is good for eyes, vitamin C is needed for your body to repair itself, vitamin D can be made in your skin, needed for absorption of Calcium, and vitamin E is the nice one for reproduction. Besides our body also needs mineral in small quantities but we need more of these than we need of vitamins. The iron are required to make haemoglobin, the calcium is required for healthy teeth, bones and muscles and Iodine is used to make a hormone called thyroxin. Fats are used as a source of energy. They are also stored beneath the skin helping us to insulate us against the cold. Do not think that by avoiding fat in your diet you will stay thin and elegant! If ones eat too much carbohydrate and protein, you will convert some of it into fat, so you will put on weight. Therefore ones must balance the amount of energy containing foods with the amount of energy that you use when you take exercise. A person must have some fat in their diet because it contains fat soluble vitamins. We do not and can not digest cellulose. This is a carbohydrate used by plants to make their cell walls. It is also called roughage. If you do not eat foods materials which contain fibre you might end up with problems of the colon and rectum. The muscles of you digestive system mix food with the digestive juices and push food along the intestines by peristalsis; if there is no fibre in your diet these movements cannot work properly. As a conclusion, we must have carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals salts and fiber in the correct proportions. If there is not enough protein, we will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to repair ourselves i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If we do not have enough energy containing foods you will feel very tired, we will not have enough energy. If we have too

much energy containing foods we will become overweight. If we think that we are overweight you might try taking more exercise to "burn off" some of the excess food which you ate at you last meal.

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BIBLIOGRAFI

 

INSTITUT PERGURUAN TENGKU AMPUAN AFZAN

ASSIGNMENT ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY WAJ 3102

NAME OF TRAINEE IC NUMBER UNIT SUBJECT LECTURER NAME

: FAN RUI JIE : 890105015055 : PISMP-IPGM-MT : ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY : PUAN NURUL AMILIN

DATE OF SUBMISSION : 16 APRIL 2008

BIBLIOGRAFI

WEB PAGE

1. http://www.purchon.com/biology/diet.htm

2.http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/healthy_living/your_weight/eatingwell_balanced.sh tml