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intro Wifi architecture Adv/dis ad Factors Comparison of wifi/wimax bloot `

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Wi-Fi solutions? Here are the important advantages and disadvantages with Wi-Fi solutions: Advantages of Wi-Fi Solutions Flexible Working: Access the Internet, do File Transfers, even Print from anywhere within 100 meters of the Wi-Fi Access Point. Disadvantages of Wi-Fi Solutions Password and Security: It is important to secure your Wi-Fi connection at home or the office. Otherwise, anyone with a Wi-Fi-enabled computer can access your data and Internet connection! Passwordprotecting your Wi-Fi connection is an easy process and once you set up all your Computers and devices to access your Wi-Fi network, you do not need to type in passwords each time thereafter. Signal Strength Sensitivity: Wi-Fi Networks are sensitive to signal strength. To ensure good connectivity, you must ensure that all computers and gadgets receive adequate signal strength at all times Effect of Climatic Conditions: Wi-Fi signals are likely to be adversely affected by climatic conditions such as thunderstorms.

Reduce Cable Clutter: Reduce the clutter of wires and cables behind your Desktop/ Notebook

Reduce Setup Cost: If you are setting up a new office, you can reduce the IT setup cost by implementing Wi-Fi - you can save the cost of cabling and the cost on Network sockets Avoid Deterioration with Time: Network Cables and Sockets tend to deteriorate over time, while Wi-Fi does not have this disadvantage

Eliminate Re-configuring Computers: If you have more than one office location and your staff travel between offices, installing Wi-Fi Networks at each location makes good sense. Your staff can then access the Internet and Network at all locations, without having to re-configure their Internet settings each time

Increased number of Network Devices: You are increasing the number of devices on your Network, by incorporating a Wi-Fi Access point (this is a must, for Wi-Fi access). Also, you will need a power socket to plug in and power the Wi-Fi Access Point.

What is Wi-Fi? Wi-Fi is the abbreviation for Wireless Fidelity. Wi-Fi is a simple, cost-effective way to connect to the Internet, to other Computers and to other Wi-Fi-enabled devices (such as high-end Mobile Phones), without the need to physically connect wires between the two Computers/ devices. In today's wired clutter, Wi-Fi is something that works without wires! At the corporate level, it minimizes the need for long cables running from one end of the room to the other or from floor to floor. Implementing a Wi-Fi solution could thus even be cheaper than implementing a conventional, wired solution, as not only does it eliminate the need for long Network Cables, it also does not need a Network Socket for every Computer! The advantages of Wi-Fi do not stop at 'wirelessness'. Imagine the case of a salesman who visits his offices at Cities X and Y, everyday. His Notebook would have to be reconfigured to access the Internet at each of the city offices, for, the Server (and therefore, its IP Number) is different at each city location. This means he would need to call in the IT guy each time to get his Notebook re-configured! He will also have to carry a Network Cable (commonly called the RJ 45 Cable) with him at all time, so as to connect at each office. However with Wi-Fi at both offices, he would not need to re-configure his Notebook, nor would he need to carry a spare RJ 45 cable! We will understand how this is possible, under the section "What is the best method for implementing a Wi-Fi solution and what is recommended?"
What factors impact WiFi performance ?

Wireless networks' performance is affected by a variety of factors, such as the distance between nodes, walls/obstacles that obstruct direct line-of-sight, and other wireless traffic in the general area (such as the presence of 802.11b devices in the 802.11g network, bluetooth devices, or the presence proprietary non-standard WiFi technologies). Cordless phones, bluetooth devices, microwaves, and anything that may cause RF interference in the 2.4GHz frequency range can affect the WLAN performance as well. Reportedly, even CDs/DVDs can reflect radio signals - keep those CD collections away from your wireless router/AP to improve range.

WiFI vs Bluetooth - Comparison between WiFI & Bluetooth WiFI vs Bluetooth


Blutooth vs Wifi both have lots of features of connectivity, printing and transferring of data. The technology of Bluetooth is functional when broadcasting of information among more than two devices exist near as headset, modem, printer etc while WiFi operating on full scale because it is a much faster than Bluetooth.

Comparison between Wifi and Bluetooth


The hardware requirements of WiFi and Bluetooth are entirely different, Through Bluetooth adapter you can connect devices with each other. While in WiFi network you need an adapter, router and access point to enable connection. The bandwidth required for Bluetooth is only 800 kbps and for WiFi 11Mbps bandwidth require. WiFi network come into existence in 1991 and Bluetooth in 1994.The specification of Bluetooth is SIG and wifi is IEEE, and WECA.

The specification of Bluetooth are a lot as the usage is very simple and various devices can be connected at a time .You can also switch between devices via Bluetooth. In other hand WiFi network is a complex network and hard to configure. You can use various devices with Bluetooth such as automation devices, mobile phones, keyboard, and mouse. While in WiFi network server, desktop, and notebook computer can be used. The rising issue of wifi and Bluetooth is the range because the range of Bluetooth is 10 meters and as compared to Bluetooth WiFi offering 100 meters range for user to make it more beneficial for user

What are the differences and similarities between Wi-Fi and WiMAX?
Wi-Fi and WiMAX were developed for different markets and different applications. The technologies can complement each other with WiMAX to the building and Wi-Fi in the building. WiMAX can also be used to replace or supplement copper or cable. Developing countries stand to benefit from WiMAX's lower infrastructure cost. Main WiMAX Applications 1)Dedicated point-to-point fixed service using outdoor antennas to deliver rates of up to 100 Mbps. Many such networks have been deployed based on the original 802.16 Standard using frequencies between 10 - 66 GHz. These systems require line-of-sight (LOS) and are typically used for corporate data networks networks or backhaul of cellular traffic;

2)Point-to-multi-point service provided by networks based on the 802.16a 2003 or the 802.16d 2004 Standards using frequencies between 2 - 11 GHz in non-line-of-sight applications. This service can used to deliver wireless DSL at speeds comparable to fixed DSL (or cable) i.e. 512 Kbps to 2-3 Mbps. The key to this application is the availability of inexpensive non-line-of-sight (NLOS) customer premises equipment (CPE) that can be selfinstalled; 3)Mobile/nomadic applications using the 802.16e mobile WiMAX Standard at frequencies below 6 GHz. This application is in direct competition with the data services provided by the 2G/3G cellular network operators. Consumers want broadband Internet connectivity. The WiMAX network is optimized for IP connectivity and should be able to provide a better service at a lower cost. WiMAX networks can deliver good VOIP quality and if this service becomes popular it will threaten the core voice business of cellular network operators. Main Characteristics of Wi-Fi 1)Wi-Fi is designed as a wireless extension to local area networks (LAN) for indoor use with a range up to 100m; 2)Wi-Fi was developed as consumer product. There may be interference due to widespread deployment of Wi-Fi but the limited range of the Wi-Fi equipment alleviates this problem; 3)Wi-Fi operates exclusively in the Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) bands (2.4 GHZ and 5.8 GHZ) and in almost all countries a license is not required. One reason for the success of Wi-Fi was the use initially of 2.4 GHz band worldwide with later standards adding the 5.8 GHz band. Main Characteristics of WiMAX 1)WiMAX was originally designed to provide fixed BWA in metropolitan area networks (MAN) with a range of up to 50 km. Extensions of the WiMAX standard now provide for mobile applications with a range of up to 6 km; 2)WiMAX was developed as a commercial product for use by network operators. In the licensed bands there will be few operators and the interference environment can be controlled; 3)WiMAX can operate over a wide range of frequencies including both licensed and unlicensed bands. Due to its longer range, it makes more sense for most applications to operate in licensed bands;