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Infinitiv 1 sein to be

Common Forms ich bin I am du bist you are er war he was er ist gewesen he was/has been es wre it would be

Examples COMMANDS Sei still! Be quiet! Seien Sie bitte so freundlich! Would you be so kind! OTHER Ich bin's. It's me. Wie wr's mit einem Bier? How about a beer? COMMANDS Hab dich nicht so! Don't make such a fuss! OTHER Er hat keine Zeit. He has no time. Wenn ich nur das Geld htte. If I only had the money. COMMANDS werde! become! werden Sie! become! OTHER Es wird dunkel. It's getting dark. Sie wird uns schreiben. She will write us. (future) Der Brief wurde geschrieben. The letter was written. (passive) COMMANDS No imperative OTHER Er kann Deutsch. He knows German. Ich habe es nicht sagen knnen. I couldn't say it. COMMANDS No imperative OTHER Ich muss nicht. I don't have to. Er muss nach Berlin. He has to go to Berlin. COMMANDS Imperative rare OTHER Er will nichts trinken. He doesn't want to drink anything. Das habe ich nicht gewollt. I didn't mean to (do that). Wir wollen morgen abfahren. We want to leave tomorrow. COMMANDS No imperative OTHER Er mag die Suppe. He likes the soup. Was mchten Sie? What would you like? COMMANDS wisse! know! wisset! know! OTHER Er wei es nicht. He doesn't know. Sie wusste weder ein noch aus. She didn't know which way was up. Wissen Sie, wann sie ankommen? Do you know when they arrive? COMMANDS Machen Sie sich keine Gedanken! Don't worry about it! OTHER Das macht nichts. It doesn't matter. Was macht das? What does it come to? (How much?)

2 haben to have

ich habe I have du hast you have er hat he has Sie haben gehabt You had/have had wir htten we would have

3 werden to become Also used to form the future tense and the passive voice. 4 knnen to be able, can

ich werde I become du wirst you become er ist geworden he became es wurde it became es wrde.. it would...

ich kann I can du kannst you can er konnte he could Sie knnen you can

5 mssen to have to, must

ich muss I must/have to du musst you must er muss he must sie musste she had to wir mssen we have to ich will I want (to) du willst you want (to) er will he wants (to) er wollte he wanted to sie hat gewollt she wanted to

6 wollen to want (to)

7 mgen to like (to)

ich mag I like ich mchte I would like du magst you like er mochte he liked Sie mgen you like ich wei I know du weit you know wir wissen we know er wusste he knew ich habe gewusst I knew, have known

8 wissen to know

9 machen to make, do

ich mache I do, make du machst you make er macht he does wir machten we did, made er hat gemacht he did, has done ich werde machen I will do, make

Was machen wir jetzt? Now what do we do? 10 sollen should, ought to, supposed to ich soll I should du sollst you should er soll he should sie sollte she was supposed to wir sollen we ought to COMMANDS No imperative OTHER Ich sollte dort bleiben. I ought to stay there. Es soll schn sein. It's said to be/supposed to be nice. Was soll das? What's that supposed to mean? COMMANDS N/A OTHER Wie heien Sie? What's your name? (last name) Ich heie Jones. My name is Jones. Er heit Braun. His name is Braun. Wie heit du? What's your name? (child) Ich heie Karl. My name is Karl. (child) Was soll das heien? What's that supposed to mean?/What do you mean by that? COMMANDS Sag das nicht! Don't say it! Sagen Sie mir! Tell me! OTHER Er sagt, was er denkt. He says what he means/thinks. Das sagt mir nichts. That doesn't mean anything to me. Du hast nichts zu sagen. You have no say (in the matter). COMMANDS gehe! go! geht! go! gehen Sie! go! OTHER Das geht nicht. That won't do/work. Wie geht es Ihnen? How are you? Meine Uhr geht nach. My watch is slow. Sie geht zu Fu She goes on foot./She walks. COMMANDS sehe! see! sehen Sie! see! OTHER Sie sieht nicht gut. She doesn't see well. Wo hast du ihn gesehen? Where did you see him? COMMANDS gebt! give! gib! give! geben Sie! give! OTHER Geben Sie mir den Bleistift! Give me the pencil. Es gibt kein Geld. There is no money. Ich gab ihr das Buch. I gave her the book. Er hat mir das Geld gegeben. He gave me the money. COMMANDS komm! come! kommt! come! kommen Sie! come! OTHER Ich komme nicht nach Hause. I'm not coming home.

11 Tie heien to be called, named (my/his) name is

ich heie my name is sie heit her name is du heit your name is er hie his name was er hat geheien he was named wir heien our name is Heien Sie? Is your name?

12 Tie sagen to say, tell

ich sage I say du sagst you say er sagte he said er hat gesagt he said/has said wir sagen we say sagen Sie? do you say?/are you saying?

13 gehen to go

ich gehe I go, am going du gehst you go er geht he goes sie ist gegangen she went/has gone er ging he went

14 sehen to see

ich sehe I see du siehst you see er sieht he sees er hat gesehen he saw/has seen sie sah she saw wir sahen we saw

15 geben to give

ich gebe I give du gibst you give er gab he gave Sie geben you give es gibt there is/are

16 kommen to come

ich komme I come, am coming du kommst you come er kam he came sie ist gekommen she came

Er ist nach Berlin gekommen. He came to Berlin.Woher kommt sie? Where does she come from?Es kam ganz anders, als erwartet. It turned out very differently than we expected. 17 lassen to let, allow, leave ich lasse I let du lsst you let er lsst he lets Sie haben gelassen You have let er lie he let COMMANDS Lassen Sie das! Stop that! Leave that alone! OTHER Er lie sich keine Zeit. He didn't allow himself any time. Das lasse ich mir nicht gefallen. I won't put up with that. Er lsst sich die Haare schneiden. He's getting a haircut. COMMANDS finde! find! findet! find! finden Sie! find! OTHER Er fand die Suppe gut. He liked the soup. Wir finden keinen Platz. We can't find a seat. COMMANDS bleib! stay! bleibt! stay! Bitte, bleiben Sie sitzen! Please remain seated! OTHER Er bleibt in Kln. He's staying in Cologne. Alles blieb beim Alten. Everything stayed the same./Nothing changed. Es bleibt dabei. Agreed. It's a deal.

18 finden to find

ich finde I find ich fand I found du findest you find er fand he found Sie haben gefunden you found/have found

19 bleiben to stay, remain

ich bleibe I stay du bleibst you stay wir bleiben we stay er blieb he stayed ich bin geblieben I stayed, have stayed

20 nehmen to take

ich nehme I take COMMANDS du nimmst you take nimm! take! nehmt! take! er nimmt he takes nehmen Sie! take! wir nehmen we take Nehmen Sie Platz! Have a seat! er hat genommen he took, has taken OTHER ich werde nehmen I will take Er nahm das Geld. He took the money. Sie nahm es auf sich, das zu machen. She took it upon herself to do that. Wir haben den Tag freigenommen. We took the day off. ich bringe I bring du bringst you bring er brachte he brought sie hat gebracht she brought, has brought COMMANDS bring! bring bringt! bring bringen Sie! bring OTHER Ich bringe Sie dorthin. I'll take you there. Er hat es weit gebracht. He has been very successful./He has come far. Was bringt das? What will that accomplish? Das hat mich zum Lachen gebracht. That made me laugh.

21 bringen to bring

50 Common German Verbs

Deutsch antworten arbeiten bedeuten beginnen bekommen bestellen besuchen bezahlen bleiben bringen danken

English to answer to work to mean, signify to begin to get, receive to order to visit to pay to stay, remain to bring, take to thank

2nd/3rd Per. Sing. Sample Sentence Er antwortet nicht. Er arbeitet heute. Was bedeutet dieses Wort? Wann beginnt der Film? Was bekommen Sie? What can I get for you? Er bestellt es online. Wir besuchen meine Tante in Berlin. Bezahlen wir jetzt? Wir bleiben hier. Ich bringe Sie zum Flughafen. I'll take you to the airport. Ich danke Ihnen. (dative verb)

denken essen

to think to eat

Was denken Sie darber? What do you think about that? du/er isst Wann isst du zu Mittag? When do you eat lunch? du fhrst/er fhrt Ich fahre morgen nach Dresden. I'm going/traveling to Dresden tomorrow. Wie finden Sie den Film? What do you think of the movie? Er fliegt nach Boston. Fragst du mich? du gibst/er gibt Wann gibst du ihm das Buch? es gibt = there is/there are Wir gehen ins Kino. du hilfst/er hilft Helfen Sie mir! (dative verb) Hrst du die Musik? Ich kaufe die Postkarte.

fahren

to travel, drive, go to find to fly to ask to give

finden fliegen fragen geben

gehen helfen hren kaufen

to go to help to hear, listen to buy

kommen kosten lesen lieben machen nehmen ffnen

to come to cost to read to love to make, do to take to open

Wann kommt er nach Hause? Was kostet das Buch? du/er liest Ich lese die Zeitung. Ich liebe dich. Was macht er? du nimmst/er nimmt Nehmt ihr das Geld? Sie ffnet die Tr.

probieren

to try (out)

Probieren geht ber Studieren. (saying)The proof's in the pudding.

regnen reisen sagen schlafen schmecken schreiben schwimmen sehen senden setzen singen spielen sprechen suchen trinken vergessen verstehen warten wohnen zeigen

to rain to travel to say, tell to sleep to taste, be tasty to write to swim to see to send, transmit to put, set to sing to play, act to speak to seek, search look for to drink to forget to understand to wait to reside, live (in) to show, indicate

Es regnet heute. Er reist nach Teneriffa. Er sagt nein. du schlfst/er schlft Wir schlafen gut. Das schmeckt! That tastes good! Er schreibt eine Mail. Er schwimmt gern. He likes to swim. du siehst/er sieht Ich sehe ihn nicht. Er sendet eine E-Mail. Er setzt sich. He sits down. Sie singt sehr schn. Hans spielt Fuball. du sprichst/er spricht Ich spreche Deutsch. Was suchst du? What are you looking for? Ich trinke lieber Kaffee. I'd rather drink coffee. du vergisst/er vergisst Ich vergesse den Namen. Er versteht Deutsch. Sie wartet auf den Bus. She's waiting for the bus. Mein Vater wohnt in Hamburg. Ich zeige Ihnen, wo das ist.

German Verbs Alphabetical List

A-D A achten to pay attention to, respect an|erkennen S to recognize, acknowledge an|fangen C/S to begin See Verb prefixes (an-, aus- ) angeln to fish, angle an|kommen S to arrive ndern to change, alter an|greifen S to attack an|haben S to have on, wear an|nehmen S to accept; assume an|rufen S to call up (tel) antworten D to answer s. an|ziehen S to get dressed

E-G E ehren to honor ein|atmen to breathe in ein|bauen to install, put in s. ein|bilden to imagine, get the idea empfangen C/S to receive empfehlen C/S to recommend empfinden to feel, sense entbehren to do without; lack, miss See Verb prefixes (emp-, ent- ) entdecken to discover entfernen to remove entfhren to abduct, kidnap

H-K H haben S to have halten C/S to hold, stop, keep hmmern to hammer, pound handeln to act, trade, deal hngen to hang hassen to hate hauen to hit, hew heben S to lift, raise heiraten to marry heien S to be named heilen to heal heizen to heat helfen C/S to help heraus|bekommen S to get out;

arbeiten to work rgern to annoy, irritate atmen to breathe auf|fallen S to stand out, attract attention aus|kommen S to come out, have enough of, make do, get along with aus|machen - 10 meanings! aus|stellen to exhibit s. aus|ziehen to undress B backen S to bake baden to bathe, swim bauen to build beben to quake, tremble bedeuten to mean s. bedienen to serve oneself befehlen S to command s. befinden S to be, find oneself befreien to set free begegnen D to meet beginnen S to begin begleiten to accompany behalten S to keep beissen S to bite bekommen S to get, receive beleben to enliven, cheer beleidigen to insult bellen to bark belohnen to reward bergen S to recover, salvage berichten to report bersten S to burst besitzen S to own bestellen to order besuchen to visit beten to pray betrgen S to deceive, cheat bewegen to move bezahlen to pay biegen S to bend bieten to offer, bid binden S to tie bitten S to request, ask for blasen C/S to blow bleiben S to stay blicken to look, glance blitzen to flash blhen to bloom bluten to bleed braten C/S to fry, roast brauchen to need brauen to brew brausen to shower; roar brechen C/S to break brennen S to burn bringen S to bring brllen to roar, shout brsten to brush D darf See drfen dmmen to dam, check, curb dmmern to dawn, fall (dusk); doze dampfen to steam dmpfen to muffle, damp danken D to thank dar|stellen to show, portray dmmen to dam, check, curb dauern to last, endure decken to cover, set (table)

entgegenen to reply, retort enthalten C/S to contain entkommen to escape, get away entschuldigen to excuse, apologize erfinden to invent erhalten C/S to obtain, receive, preserve s. erinnern to remember s. erklten to catch a cold erklren to explain, declare erlschen to be extinguished, dim errichten to erect, establish erschpfen to exhaust, drain erschrecken S to be frightened ersticken to choke, smother erwgen to consider, ponder erwhnen to mention erzhlen to tell, recount, relate essen S to eat

find out, figure out heraus|fordern to challenge hetzen to rush about, incite heulen to howl, bawl hindern to hamper, impede hoffen to hope hren to hear hpfen to hop, jump husten to cough I identifizieren to identify immatrikulieren to register (univ) impfen to vaccinate, inoculate imponieren to impress, make an impression importieren to import informieren to inform s. interessieren to be interested (in) irren to wander, stray; be mistaken irritieren to confuse; irritate isolieren to insulate; isolate J jagen to hunt; chase, drive jammern to wail, moan, yammer jauchzen to rejoice, cheer jaulen to howl jobben to work, have a job jodeln to yodel joggen to jog jucken to itch justieren to adjust, justify (type K kmmen to comb kmpfen to fight, struggle kauen to chew kaufen to buy kehren to turn; sweep kennen S to know, be familiar with kennenlernen to get to know, become acquainted with klagen to lament, complain kleben to paste, stick klingen S to ring, sound klopfen to knock, beat kneifen S to pinch, squeeze, crimp knpfen to tie, knot, fasten kochen to cook, boil, seethe kommen S to come knnen M to be able, can kosten to cost kotzen to vomit, puke krchzen to caw, croak kratzen to scratch, scrape, claw kriechen S to crawl, creep kriegen to get, obtain khlen to cool, refresh krzen to shorten, abbreviate

F fahren S to travel, drive fallen S to fall fllen to cut down falten to fold fangen S to catch, capture fassen to grasp, seize, conceive fechten to fence, fight feststellen to ascertain, establish finden S to find flicken to patch, repair fliegen S to fly fliehen S to flee, avoid flieen S to flow, run fluchen to curse, swear fluten to flood, overflow folgen D to follow fragen to ask fressen C/S to eat, feed, devour s. freuen to be glad, rejoice frieren S to freeze, feel cold frhstcken to eat breakfast fhlen to feel, perceive fhren to lead fllen to fill frchten to fear G ghnen to yawn gren to ferment gebren to give birth to geben C/S to give gebrauchen to use gedeihen S to thrive, prosper gefallen C/S to be pleasing, like gehen S to go gelingen S to succeed gelten S to be valid genesen to recover, convalesce s. genieren to feel embarrassed/awkward genieen S to enjoy geraten to get into, fall into geschehen C/S to happen gewinnen S to win, gain s. gewhnen to get used to, accustomed to gieen S to pour, cast glnzen to glitter, shine glauben to believe gleichen S to be like, resemble gleiten to glide

dehnen to stretch demonstrieren to demonstrate denken S to think deuten to point, indicate dichten to caulk; write poetry dienen to serve dringen S to urge, pierce drucken to print drcken to push, press; oppress ducken to stoop, duck; humble drfen to be permitted, allow drsten to thirst, be thirsty L-R L lcheln to smile lachen to laugh laden C / S to load lassen C / S to let, leave, allow laufen C / S to run, walk lauschen to eavesdrop, listen leben to live lecken to lick; leak legen to lay, put, place See liegen lehren to teach leiden S to suffer leihen S to lend, borrow, hire lernen to learn, study lesen C / S to read leuchten to light up, shine, gleam lichten to thin out, lighten lieben to love liegen S to lie, recline, be situated loben to praise locken to lure, attract, entice lohnen to reward, recompense s. lohnen to be worth (doing) lsen to solve, dissolve; loosen lgen to lie (not tell the truth) lutschen to suck (on) M machen to make, do mahlen to mill, grind malen to paint, draw managen to manage meiden S to avoid, shun meinen to mean, be of the opinion, think merken to notice, mark, perceive messen C / S to measure mieten to rent, hire mgen M to like (to) mssen M to have to, must N nagen to gnaw, nibble nhren to nourish; suckle naschen to snack, nibble, nosh necken to tease nehmen C / S to take nennen S to name, call nicken to nod, doze ntzen to use; be useful O ffnen to open operieren to operate (med.) opfern to sacrifice ordnen to organize, put in order

glotzen to gape, stare glhen to glow graben S to dig greifen S to grasp, grab, seize grollen to be angry, grumble gren to greet gucken to look, peep

S-T S sagen to say, tell saufen S to drink to excess saugen to suck, absorb Staub saugen to vacuum (VP) schaden to damage, hurt schaffen S to create schaffen to do, make, accomplish schalten to switch, shift (gears) schtzen to value, estimate schauen to see, look scheiden S to separate, divide s. scheiden lassen S to divorce scheinen S to shine, seem scherzen to joke, kid schicken to send schieben S to push, shove schieen S to shoot schlachten to slaughter, butcher schlafen C / S to sleep schlagen S to hit, beat schleichen S to sneak, creep schleifen S to grind, polish schlieen to close; conclude schmecken to taste schmeien S to throw, toss schmelzen S to melt schmerzen to hurt, smart schmieren to grease; bribe schneiden S to cut, slice schneien to snow schreiben S to write schreien S to scream, yell schreiten S to step, stride schweben to soar, hover, float schweigen S to be silent schwimmen S to swim schwitzen to sweat schwren to swear segnen to bless sehen C / S to see sein S to be senden to send, broadcast s. setzen to sit down seufzen to sigh sieden to boil, simmer siegen to conquer, triumph singen S to sing sinken S to sink sitzen S to sit sollenM should, ought to, supposed to spalten to split, divide sparen to save spazieren to stroll, walk spielen to play spinnen to spin; be nuts sprechen S to speak, talk springen S to jump spritzen to spray, squirt

U-Z U ben to exercise, practice berraschen to surprise berwinden S to overcome umstellen to change over, shift unterbrechen S to interrupt s. unterhalten S to converse, entertain oneself V verachten to despise verderben S to ruin, spoil verdienen to earn, deserve vereinigen to unite verfhren to seduce vergessen S to forget vergewaltigen to rape s. verhalten S to behave, act verhandeln to negotiate verkaufen to sell verkehren to trade, traffic; frequent verklagen to complain, sue verkommen S to decay, go bad s. verlieben to fall in love verlieren S to lose vermehren to increase vernichten to annihilate, exterminate verraten S to betray versagen to fail verschlafen C / S to oversleep verstehen S to understand versuchen to attempt, try vertreten to represent, stand in for verwalten to administer, manage verwechseln to confuse, mix up verweigern to refuse verweilen to linger, while away verzeihen S to pardon, forgive vor|kommen S to occur, happen vor|stellen to introduce, present s. vor|stellen to imagine W wachen to be awake; keep watch wachsen C / S to grow wagen to dare whlen to choose, vote whren to last, hold out wlzen to roll wandern to hike, wander waschen C / S to wash wechseln to change, exchange wecken to wake, rouse wehren to restrain; prevent s. wehren to defend oneself weichen to yield

P pachten to lease, rent packen to pack; grab passen to fit, be suitable passieren to happen pfeifen S to whistle pflanzen to plant plagen to plague, annoy preisen to praise, commend putzen to clean, groom Q qulen to torture, torment qualmen to give off smoke quellen S to gush, spring from quetschen to squeeze, crush quietschen to squeak, squeal R rchen to avenge Rad fahren to ride a bike (VP) raten to advise, guess rauchen to smoke rumen to clear away, evacuate rauschen to rustle, murmur rechnen to calculate, reckon reien S to tear, rip reiten S to ride (horse) rennen S to run reichen to reach; pass reisen to travel, journey reinigen to clean, refine reizen to excite, charm richten to set right, adjust riechen S to smell ringen to struggle, wrestle rollen to roll rsten to roast rcken to move, bring nearer rufen S to call ruhen to rest rhren to stir, touch rsten to arm

sprhen to spray; sparkle spucken to spit splen to rinse, flush spren to feel, detect statt|finden S to take place, happen Staub saugen to vacuum (VP) staunen to be amazed stechen C / S to stab, sting, prick stecken to set, be located stehen to stand stehlen to steal steigen to climb, rise stinken to stink sthnen to groan, moan stopfen to stuff, cram stren to disturb, upset stoen to push, bump strahlen to beam, radiate streben to strive strecken to stretch, extend streichen to strike, cancel; paint streiten to quarrel, argue stricken to knit studieren to study (univ) strzen to plunge, fall, crash suchen to look for, seek T tanken to get gas/petrol, refuel tanzen to dance taugen to be of use/value toben to storm, rave tten to kill tragen C/S to wear, carry trauen to trust, believe in; marry trumen to dream treffen C / S to meet, hit treiben S to drive, propel treten C / S to step, walk trinken S to drink trocknen to dry tropfen to drip, drop tun S to do, make, put

weihen to consecrate, devote weinen to cry, weep wenden to turn werben to recruit, court, woo, advertise werden S to become werfen C / S to throw wetzen to sharpen, grind widmen to dedicate, devote wiederholen to repeat wiegen S to weigh wissen S to know wohnen to reside, live wollen M to want (to) wnschen to wish, desire wrzen to season, spice Z zahlen to pay zhlen to count zhmen to tame zapfen to tap (beer) zaubern to do magic, enchant zeichnen to draw, sign zeigen to show, indicate zelten to camp zerschlagen C/S to shatter, smash zerstren to destroy ziehen S to pull, draw zielen to aim, target zitieren to cite, quote zittern to shake, tremble zgern to hesitate zchten to breed, culivate znden to ignite zurck|nehmen C/S to take back zwingen S to force, compel