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Mandar Education Societys

Rajaram Shinde College Of Engineering Class B.E.Mechanical ASSIGNMENT NO. 1


Q.1 Q.2 Discuss Bell Coleman cycle and derive an expression in terms of temperature for ideal cycle. A dense air refrigerating system operating between pressures 17.5 bar and 3.5 bar is to produce 10TR. Air leaves the refrigerating coils at -7C and it leaves the air cooler at 15.5C. Neglecting the losses and clearance, For air, Cp = 1.005 KJ/KgK, = 1.4 Calculate 1) The net work done per minute and 2) Coefficient of Performance. Q.3 An air refrigeration system having pressure ratio of 5 takes air at 0C. It is compressed and then cooled to 19C at constant pressure. If efficiency of the compressor is 95% and that of expander is 75%. Determine 1) 2) 3) The refrigerating capacity of the system, if the flow of air is 75 kg/min. The power of the compressor and C.O.P. of the system.

Sub: Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning

Assume compression and expansion process to be isentropic. For air, Cp = 1 KJ/KgK, Cv =0.72 KJ/KgK, = 1.4. Q.4 Q.5 Explain Regenerative Air cooling system. The cockpit of a jet plane is to be cooled by a simple air refrigeration system. The data available is as follows: Cock-pit cooling load Speed of the plane Ambient air pressure Ambient air temperature Ram efficiency Pressure ratio in the main compressor Pressure drop in the heat exchanger Isentropic efficiencies of main compressor and cooling turbine Temperature of air entering the cooling turbine Pressure of the air leaving the cooling turbine Pressure in the cock pit If the cock pit is to be maintained at 25C find 1) 2) 3) 4) Stagnation temperature and pressure of air entering the main compressor Mass flow rate of air to cock pit Power required to drive the refrigerating system C.O.P. of the system Department Of Mechanical Engineering. = 20TR = 1000 Km/h = 0.35 bar = -15C = 90% =3 = 0.1 bar = 80% = 30C = 1.06 bar = 1 bar

Mandar Education Societys

Rajaram Shinde College Of Engineering

Q.6

A boot-strap air refrigeration system of 20 TR capacity is used for an aeropplane flying at an altitude of 2000m. The ambient air pressure and temperature are 0.8 bar and 0C. The ram air pressure and temperature are 1.05 bar and 17C. The pressure of air after isentropic compression in the main compressor is 4 bar. The air is now cooled to 27C in another auxiliary heat exchanger and and then expanded isentropically upto the cabin pressure of 1.01 bar. If the air leaves the cabin at 25C and the efficiencies of main compressor and auxiliary compressor and the cooling turbine are 80%, 75 % and 80% respectively, Find 1) Power required to operate the system 2) C.O.P. of the system.

Q.7

The following data refers to reduced ambient refrigeration system : Ambient air pressure Pressure of ram air Temperature of ram air Pressure at the end of main compressor Effectiveness of heat exchanger Isentropic efficiencies of main compressor Pressure at the exit of auxiliary turbine Efficiency of the auxiliary turbine Pressure in the cabin Temerature of air leaving the cabin Flow rate of air through cabin Find 1) Capacity of the cooling system required 2) Power needed to opeate the system 3) C.O.P. of the system. = 0.8 bar = 1.1 bar = 20C = 3.3 bar = 80% = 80% = 0.8 bar = 85% = 1.013 bar = 25C = 60 kg/min

Department Of Mechanical Engineering.