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A certain shade of gray paint is obtained by mixing 3 parts of white paint with 5 parts of black paint.

If 2 gallons of the mixture is needed and the individual colors can be purchased only in one-gallon or half- gallon cans, what is the least amount of paint, in gallons, that must be purchased in order to measure out the portions needed for the mixture? (A) 2 (B) 2 1/2 (C) 3 (D) 3 1/2 (E) 4 3 parts and 5 parts mean fractions: thus 3 + 5 = 8 or 3/8 + 5/8 thus for 2 gallons you would need 6/8 white and 10/8 black which is 1 gallon for white and 1 gallon plus gallon for black for a total of 2 gallons of paint total.

If 44x = 1600, then what is (4x-1)2 ? o Since the answer wants the term in squares it would be best to square both sides also recognize that (4x-1)2 is equal to 42x-2 such as (42x)2 = 402 now the squares cancel with (42x) = 40 now divide both sides by 42 and get 42x-2 = 2.5 In a certain calculus class, the ratio of the number of mathematics majors to the number of students who are not mathematics majors is 2 to 5. If 2 more mathematics majors were to enter the class, the ratio would be 1 to 2. How many students are in the class? (A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 21 (D) 28 (E) 35 So for example out of a class of 7 students 2 are math and 5 are non-math majors. If there are currently 28 students in the class then are 8 math and 20 non-math majors, and thus if 2 more math major enter the class then there will be 10 math to 20 non-math which is a ratio of 1 to 2.

The annual rent collected by a corporation from a certain building was x percent more in 1998 than in 1997 and y percent less in 1999 than in 1998. Was the annual rent collected by the corporation from the building more in 1999 than in 1997? (1) x>y (2) xy/100 < x-y So say for example in 1998 it was 110 (x is 10 percent) and 1997 it was 100, and in 1999 it was 88 (y is 20 percent) and 1998 was 110. No because in 1999 it was

88 and in 1997 it was 100. [1] is not sufficient because for example if x is 20 percent and y is 18 percent then 1997>1999, however if x is 20 percent and y is 10 percent then 1999>1997, thus you get conflicting answers. [2] shows that for the expression to be true x must always be greater than y by a margin of 3.4 or greater if that margin is less than 3.4 than the expression doesnt hold true. And for x-y margins 3.4 and greater (such as x is 20 percent and y is 16.6 percent) 1999>1997 always. If n is greater than 1, is n equal to 2? 1) n has exactly 2 positive factors 2) the difference of any two distinct positive factors of n are odd. o [1] N could be 3 or 5 which is not equal to 2 thus [1] gives conflicting answer [NOT SUFFICIENT], [2] is sufficient because if n is 2 then its factors 2 and 1 when subtracted give 1 which is odd, thus [2] is sufficient to say that n is equal to 2. If n is a positive integer, is (1/10)^n<0.01? 1) n >2 2) (1/10)^n-1<0.1 o [1] if n is 3 then 1/1000 is less than 0.01 and for every n greater than 2 the result will be less than 0.01 thus [1] is [SUFFICIENT] , [2] says that the minimum that n can be is 3 and if n is 3 then (1/10)^n<0.01 is true thus [2] is also [SUFFICIENT]. What is the least such that is divisible by 1000? (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D) 20 (E) 25 o For example try 10! Which is 10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1/1000 gives 9*8*7*3*2*1/5 which is not an integer because none of the numerators are divisible by 5, on the other hand 15! 15*14*13*12*11*10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1/1000 is divisible by 1000 because 1000 cancels out from the denominators by the numerator A box contains 10 light bulbs, fewer than half of which are defective. Two bulbs are to be drawn simultaneously from the box. If n of the bulbs in box are defective, what is the value of n? (1) The probability that the two bulbs to be drawn will be defective is 1/15. (2) The probability that one of the bulbs to be drawn will be defective and the other will not be defective is 7/15. In its most recent approach, the comet Crommelin passed the Earth at about the same distance and in about the same position, some 25 degrees above the horizon, that Halleys Comet will pass the next time it appears. (A) that Halleys comet will pass (B) that Halleys comet is to be passing (C) as Halleys comet (D) as will Halleys comet (E) as Halleys comet will do Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled. (A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation. (C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology. (D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements. (E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled. We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches. A. that can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches B. that can pinpoint an individuals location in a few inches C. which can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches D. which can pinpoint an individuals location of a few inches E. which should pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches o Rule: A comma must always come before the word 'which'. Only answer choices that remain are A and B. The skill and the precision of the Anasazi, ancient inhabitants of the Southwest, in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced not only at Chaco Canyon but at a number of other sites. (A) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced not only at (B) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon are evidenced not only at (C) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced at not only (D) to measure the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced at not only (E) to measure the movements of the Sun and Moon are evidenced not only at o Idiom: skill in (doing something), e.g. Skill in sailing; Skill in shooting etc. The skill and the precision of Anasazi (Two qualities of Anasazi) = Plural so IS is OUT and ARE is IN. Although it was once funded entirely by the government, the Victoria and Albert Museum was one of the first of Britains national museums seeking support from corporations and private donors and to increase income by increasing attendance. (A) one of the first of Britains national museums seeking support from (B) one of Britains first national museums seeking support of (C) among Britains first national museums to seek support of (D) among the first of Britains national museums to seek support from (E) among Britains first national museums that have sought the support of o to seek support....to increase....parallelism To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is ignoring decades of increasing sophistication in the use of statistics in sociology. A. To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is ignoring B. To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is to ignore C. To rely on anecdotal for demonstration of social phenomena is ignoring D. Relying on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is to ignore E. Relying on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena amounts to the ignoring of o B. This one is pretty straight parallelism: to do x is to do y.

In 1990s, there are more babies born by women over thirty years old than under it. (A) than under it (B) than were they under it (C) than had been under it (D) than were the babies (E) than those were under it According to a recent research study, more than 90% percent of graduates of private high schools in a certain county continue their education in college. By contrast, only 65% of graduates of public high schools subsequently pursue college education. Therefore, if parents in the county wish to increase the likelihood that their children will attend college, they should send them to private rather than public schools. Which of the following statements would most seriously weaken the argument above? (A) Graduates of private schools typically score higher on standardized tests and other tests of academic achievement. (B) While private schools are typically very expensive, attendance of public school is free for the residents of the county. (C) In comparison with graduates of private schools, a substantially greater proportion of public school graduates receive need-based financial aid for their college education. (D) In comparison with private schools, public schools provide more opportunities for student involvement in sports and other athletic activities, which almost always increase the likelihood of students acceptance to colleges. (E) Since most public schools are located in rural areas of the county populated primarily by farmers, nearly 30% of students from public high schools choose to pursue farming occupations rather than apply to colleges. No matter how much work it may require. getting an MBA turns out to be a wise investment for most people. Even though it requires much work The driver took the people for a ride who had been waiting. the people who had been waiting for a ride Rising costs to raw materials may impel us to rise prices farther. costs of raw materials may impale us to raise prices further She is the most dedicated gardener on the block, every day watering the more than 50 plants in her yard. Every day watering more than the 50 plants in her yard o the more than 50 refers to more than 50 plants o more than the 50 plants refers to more than just watering the plants also such as trimming or other activities Hector remembers San Francisco as it was when he left ten years ago. As though he had left ten years ago Students at Carver High School are encouraged to pursue extracurricular activities like student government. sports. and the arts. Activities such as student government, sports, and the arts In the waning days of the emperor's life, the conquest of new lands on the borders of the empire was/were considered vital. here we can ask the questions what is the conquest of? New lands thus is the prepositional phrase, the subject in this case is the conquest which is singular. The tidal forces to which an object falling into a black hole is/are subjected is/are sufficient to tear the object apart.

What is the object subjected to? Tidal forces (prepositional phrase), thus object which is singular is the subject The board is investigating several executives' compensation packages in order to determine how much may have been improperly awarded to THEM. o In this sentence, the pronoun them actually refers better to packages than to executives'. In fact, according to the Possessive Poison rule, them cannot refer to executives'. The Possessive Poison rule states that possessive nouns can serve as antecedents only to possessive pronouns,not to subject or object pronouns. o