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# A certain shade of gray paint is obtained by mixing 3 parts of white paint with 5 parts of black paint.

If 2 gallons of the mixture is needed and the individual colors can be purchased only in one-gallon or half- gallon cans, what is the least amount of paint, in gallons, that must be purchased in order to measure out the portions needed for the mixture? (A) 2 (B) 2 1/2 (C) 3 (D) 3 1/2 (E) 4 3 parts and 5 parts mean fractions: thus 3 + 5 = 8 or 3/8 + 5/8 thus for 2 gallons you would need 6/8 white and 10/8 black which is 1 gallon for white and 1 gallon plus gallon for black for a total of 2 gallons of paint total.

If 44x = 1600, then what is (4x-1)2 ? o Since the answer wants the term in squares it would be best to square both sides also recognize that (4x-1)2 is equal to 42x-2 such as (42x)2 = 402 now the squares cancel with (42x) = 40 now divide both sides by 42 and get 42x-2 = 2.5 In a certain calculus class, the ratio of the number of mathematics majors to the number of students who are not mathematics majors is 2 to 5. If 2 more mathematics majors were to enter the class, the ratio would be 1 to 2. How many students are in the class? (A) 10 (B) 12 (C) 21 (D) 28 (E) 35 So for example out of a class of 7 students 2 are math and 5 are non-math majors. If there are currently 28 students in the class then are 8 math and 20 non-math majors, and thus if 2 more math major enter the class then there will be 10 math to 20 non-math which is a ratio of 1 to 2.

The annual rent collected by a corporation from a certain building was x percent more in 1998 than in 1997 and y percent less in 1999 than in 1998. Was the annual rent collected by the corporation from the building more in 1999 than in 1997? (1) x>y (2) xy/100 < x-y So say for example in 1998 it was 110 (x is 10 percent) and 1997 it was 100, and in 1999 it was 88 (y is 20 percent) and 1998 was 110. No because in 1999 it was

88 and in 1997 it was 100. [1] is not sufficient because for example if x is 20 percent and y is 18 percent then 1997>1999, however if x is 20 percent and y is 10 percent then 1999>1997, thus you get conflicting answers. [2] shows that for the expression to be true x must always be greater than y by a margin of 3.4 or greater if that margin is less than 3.4 than the expression doesnt hold true. And for x-y margins 3.4 and greater (such as x is 20 percent and y is 16.6 percent) 1999>1997 always. If n is greater than 1, is n equal to 2? 1) n has exactly 2 positive factors 2) the difference of any two distinct positive factors of n are odd. o [1] N could be 3 or 5 which is not equal to 2 thus [1] gives conflicting answer [NOT SUFFICIENT], [2] is sufficient because if n is 2 then its factors 2 and 1 when subtracted give 1 which is odd, thus [2] is sufficient to say that n is equal to 2. If n is a positive integer, is (1/10)^n<0.01? 1) n >2 2) (1/10)^n-1<0.1 o [1] if n is 3 then 1/1000 is less than 0.01 and for every n greater than 2 the result will be less than 0.01 thus [1] is [SUFFICIENT] , [2] says that the minimum that n can be is 3 and if n is 3 then (1/10)^n<0.01 is true thus [2] is also [SUFFICIENT]. What is the least such that is divisible by 1000? (A) 8 (B) 10 (C) 15 (D) 20 (E) 25 o For example try 10! Which is 10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1/1000 gives 9*8*7*3*2*1/5 which is not an integer because none of the numerators are divisible by 5, on the other hand 15! 15*14*13*12*11*10*9*8*7*6*5*4*3*2*1/1000 is divisible by 1000 because 1000 cancels out from the denominators by the numerator A box contains 10 light bulbs, fewer than half of which are defective. Two bulbs are to be drawn simultaneously from the box. If n of the bulbs in box are defective, what is the value of n? (1) The probability that the two bulbs to be drawn will be defective is 1/15. (2) The probability that one of the bulbs to be drawn will be defective and the other will not be defective is 7/15. In its most recent approach, the comet Crommelin passed the Earth at about the same distance and in about the same position, some 25 degrees above the horizon, that Halleys Comet will pass the next time it appears. (A) that Halleys comet will pass (B) that Halleys comet is to be passing (C) as Halleys comet (D) as will Halleys comet (E) as Halleys comet will do Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled. (A) Except for one class in history and one in biology, all the student's graduation requirements have been fulfilled.

(B) Except for needing to take one class in history and one in biology, the student has fulfilled all of his requirements for graduation. (C) The student has fulfilled all his graduation requirements except for one class in history and one in biology. (D) Except for one history class and one biology class, the student has fulfilled all of his graduation requirements. (E) Aside from the history class and biology class that he needs to take, the student's graduation requirements have all been fulfilled. We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches. A. that can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches B. that can pinpoint an individuals location in a few inches C. which can pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches D. which can pinpoint an individuals location of a few inches E. which should pinpoint an individuals location to a few inches o Rule: A comma must always come before the word 'which'. Only answer choices that remain are A and B. The skill and the precision of the Anasazi, ancient inhabitants of the Southwest, in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced not only at Chaco Canyon but at a number of other sites. (A) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced not only at (B) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon are evidenced not only at (C) in measuring the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced at not only (D) to measure the movements of the Sun and Moon is evidenced at not only (E) to measure the movements of the Sun and Moon are evidenced not only at o Idiom: skill in (doing something), e.g. Skill in sailing; Skill in shooting etc. The skill and the precision of Anasazi (Two qualities of Anasazi) = Plural so IS is OUT and ARE is IN. Although it was once funded entirely by the government, the Victoria and Albert Museum was one of the first of Britains national museums seeking support from corporations and private donors and to increase income by increasing attendance. (A) one of the first of Britains national museums seeking support from (B) one of Britains first national museums seeking support of (C) among Britains first national museums to seek support of (D) among the first of Britains national museums to seek support from (E) among Britains first national museums that have sought the support of o to seek support....to increase....parallelism To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is ignoring decades of increasing sophistication in the use of statistics in sociology. A. To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is ignoring B. To rely on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is to ignore C. To rely on anecdotal for demonstration of social phenomena is ignoring D. Relying on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena is to ignore E. Relying on anecdotal evidence of social phenomena amounts to the ignoring of o B. This one is pretty straight parallelism: to do x is to do y.